Allied Warships

HMAS Manoora (F 48)

Armed Merchant Cruiser

NavyThe Royal Australian Navy
TypeArmed Merchant Cruiser
Class[No specific class] 
PennantF 48 
Built byA. Stephen & Sons Ltd. (Glasgow, Scotland) 
Ordered 
Laid down 
Launched24 Oct 1934 
Commissioned12 Dec 1939 
End service30 Sep 1942 
History

On 14 October 1939 the passenger ship Manoora of the The Adelaide SS Co Ltd, Adelaide was requisitioned by the Admiralty and converted to an armed merchant cruiser. She was commissioned on 12 December 1939 but her conversion was not completed untill 5 February 1940.

Displacement: 10856 BRT
Armament: 7x 152mm, 2x 76mm AA, 2x MG and a Seagull flying boat
Speed: 15.7 knots

Career:
December 39 - September 42: Pacific Ocean

From September 1942 to 2 February 1943 converted to a landing ship LSI(L). Took part in the landing operations in Morotai, Lingayen Gulf, Tarakan and Balikpapan. From September 1945 to November 1947 used as repatriation ship for troops.

As LSI(L) she was armed with 1 12pdr AA, 6 40mm AA (6x1), 8 20mm AA (8x1).
She carried 4 LCM's and 8 LCA's and 1228 troops.

Decommissioned on 6 December 1947 and on 31 August 1949 returned to owner.

 

Commands listed for HMAS Manoora (F 48)

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CommanderFromTo
1Cdr. Arthur Henry Spurgeon, RAN12 Dec 193929 Apr 1942
2A/Capt. John Malet Armstrong, RAN30 Apr 194226 Oct 1942
3A/Cdr. Sydney Thomas Milton Gower, RAN27 Oct 194229 Jun 1943
4A/Capt. Cecel Claude Baldwin, RAN30 Jun 194315 Dec 1943
5A/Cdr. Sydney Thomas Milton Gower, RAN16 Dec 194326 Jan 1944
6Cdr. Alan Paterson Cousin, RANR(S)27 Jan 19446 Dec 1947

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Noteable events involving Manoora include:


12 Jun 1940
With the likelihood of the entry of Italy into the war, HMAS Manoora (Cdr. A.H. Spurgeon, RAN) shadowed the Italian passenger/cargo ship Romolo (9780 GRT) which had departed Brisbane, Australia on 5 June. When, by the morning of 9 June, Italy's attentions were still unclear and the shadowing might continue indefinitely, Manoora was called off. By that evening, however, the situation had become clearer and Manoora was ordered to find Romolo and recommence shadowing. By this time the Italian liner was 160 nautical miles away, steering north east. She was eventually caught on the 12th by Manoora approximately 220 nautical miles south-west of Nauru in position 02°30'S, 165°30'E and scuttled herself. As she returned to Australia with the Romolo's crew and passengers, Manoora embarked the complement of the American merchant vessel Admiral Wiley(3545 GRT) which had run aground on Kitava Island in the Trobriands on the 13th. Manoora reached Townsville, Australia on 17 June. (1)

Sources

  1. Personal communication

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