Kapitänleutnant (Crew 36)
1 warship sunk, total tonnage 1,200 tons
|Born||24 Dec 1915||Hamburg|
|Died||8 Sep 2000||(84)|
|U-6||Aug, 1942||Sep, 1942||No war patrols|
|U-151||Sep, 1942||May, 1943||No war patrols|
|U-546||2 Jun 1943||24 Apr 1945||3 patrols (284 days)|
Paul Just joined the Kriegsmarine in 1936, and was part of the Olympia Crew. He went through officer training from April 1936 to Sept 1938 and was then seconded to the Luftwaffe until Jan 1941, serving as a flight crew Observer in Coastal Command.
Oblt. Paul Just joined the U-bootwaffe (U-boat force) in Jan 1941 and his first posting following training was to U-156. He went through U-boat Commander training from July to Aug 1942 and then served as an acting Commander on the small 'duck' school boat U-6, before taking over command of another school boat, U-151 until May 1943, when he commenced Baubelehrung (U-boat construction familiarization) in preparation for commissioning the large Type IXC/40 U-456.
He took command on 2 June 1943, and after working up exercises in the Baltic, left Marviken, Norway for the first war patrol on 26 Jan 1944. U-456 was lost on the third patrol NW of the Azores en route for the US east coast, just after sinking her first victim.
U-456 was sunk on 24 April 1945 by depth charges from eight US destroyers from a hunter/killer group vectored in by aircraft. 26 of her crew died but 33 survived, amongst them Kptlt. Just (Niestlé, 1998).
After being rescued Just was taken to America, and placed in temporary detention in a Boston city jail, together with fellow U-boat commander Friedrich Steinhoff. They suffered harsh treatment while being kept there, and Steinhoff committed suicide (Blair, 1998).
The ship he sank was the American destroyer Frederick C Davis (DE 136) (Rohwer, 1998). One of the survivors, former Lt (jg) P K Lundeberg, visited Paul Just after the war on a number of occasions.
Blair, C. (1998). Hitler’s U-boat War. The Hunted, 1942-1945.
Busch, R. and Röll, H-J. (1999). German U-boat commanders of World War II.
Niestlé, A. (1998). German U-boat losses during World War II.
Rohwer, J. (1998). Axis Submarine Successes of World War Two.
Patrol info for Paul Just
|1.||U-546||22 Jan 1944||Kiel||23 Jan 1944||Marviken||2 days|
|2.||U-546||26 Jan 1944||Marviken||23 Apr 1944||Lorient||Patrol 1,||89 days|
|3.||U-546||15 Jun 1944||Lorient||11 Nov 1944||Flensburg||Patrol 2,||150 days|
|4.||U-546||11 Mar 1945||Kiel||24 Apr 1945||Sunk||Patrol 3,||45 days|
|3 patrols, 284 days at sea|
Ships hit by Paul Just
|Date||U-boat||Name of ship||Tons||Nat.||Convoy|
|24 Apr 1945||U-546||USS Frederick C. Davis (DE 136)||1,200||am|
1 ship sunk (1,200 tons).
About ranks and decorations
Ranks shown in italics are our database inserts based on the rank dates of his crew comrades. The officers of each crew would normally have progressed through the lower ranks at the same rate.