Korvettenkapitän (Crew 33)
18 ships sunk, total tonnage 100,007 GRT
1 auxiliary warship sunk, total tonnage 1,737 GRT
3 ships damaged, total tonnage 20,568 GRT
1 warship damaged, total tonnage 31,100 tons
|Born||24 Oct 1913||Berlin-Grunewald|
|Died||5 Aug 2010||(96)|
|U-61||12 Aug 1939||28 Jul 1940||9 patrols (147 days)|
|U-106||24 Sep 1940||19 Oct 1941||3 patrols (182 days)|
|U-861||2 Sep 1943||8 May 1945||2 patrols (252 days)|
Jürgen Oesten on patrol. The uniform is slightly contrary to regulations.
Jürgen Oesten began his naval career in April 1933. After the usual training he spent more than a year on the great ships Admiral Graf Spee and Karlsruhe. In May 1937 he transferred to the U-boat arm, and thus received a solid pre-war training. In October 1937 he became a watch officer on U-20.
On 12 August, 1939 he commissioned U-61. The boat was on its first patrol, after two months of training, during the last days of October 1939. As a result of a few mine-laying patrols Oblt. Jürgen Oesten sank six ships with a total of 20,754 tons.
During her maiden patrol from Germany to her new base at Lorient, U-106 sank two ships with a total of 13,640 tons. Oesten won the Knights Cross on her second patrol in African waters, where he sank eight ships with a total of 44,820 tons. His attack on one vessel during the battle against convoy SL-68 was unintended but effective: he fired at the shadow of a recognized merchant ship in bad light conditions and did not realize that the torpedo hit and damaged the the British battleship HMS Malaya.
In March 1942 Jürgen Oesten became U-Boot-Admiralstabsoffizier with the Admiral Nordmeer and directed the U-boat war in Arctic waters. In July 1943 he left Norway and on 2 September, 1943 commissioned the Type IX D2 boat U-861.
Korvkpt. Jürgen Oesten in Trondheim in
April 1945 with the commander of the
13th Flotilla Fregkpt. Rolf Rüggeberg
U-861 left Kiel on 20 April, 1944 as a so-called Monsun-boat because her destination was to be the Far East. But at first the boat operated in Brazilian waters, sinking two ships. The boat found her next victim south of Madagascar, and before she reached Penang on 23 September, 1944 she sank a ship near the Somalian coast. The boat had spent five months at sea.
U-861 left Soerabaya (Indonesia) on 15 January, 1945 with a load of vital goods and only equipped with two torpedoes for self-defense. During the return journey the boat struck an iceberg south of Greenland, but Oesten, through good luck and seamanship, reached Trondheim, Norway on 19 April, 1945 with only five barrels of fuel remaining in the tanks.
According to his family he passed peacefully away on 5 Aug 2010.
Patrol info for Jürgen Oesten
|1.||U-61||24 Oct 1939||Kiel||14 Nov 1939||Kiel||Patrol 1,||22 days|
|2.||U-61||28 Nov 1939||Kiel||3 Dec 1939||Wilhelmshaven||Patrol 2,||6 days|
|3.||U-61||7 Dec 1939||Wilhelmshaven||18 Dec 1939||Kiel||Patrol 3,||12 days|
|4.||U-61||15 Jan 1940||Kiel||30 Jan 1940||Wilhelmshaven||Patrol 4,||16 days|
|5.||U-61||12 Feb 1940||Wilhelmshaven||27 Feb 1940||Wilhelmshaven||Patrol 5,||16 days|
|6.||U-61||29 Feb 1940||Wilhelmshaven||1 Mar 1940||Kiel||Patrol 6,||2 days|
|7.||U-61||11 Apr 1940||Kiel||7 May 1940||Kiel||Patrol 7,||27 days|
|8.||U-61||6 Jun 1940||Kiel||1 Jul 1940||Bergen||Patrol 8,||26 days|
|9.||U-61||6 Jul 1940||Bergen||25 Jul 1940||Kiel||Patrol 9,||20 days|
|10.||U-106||4 Jan 1941||Kiel||10 Feb 1941||Lorient||Patrol 10,||38 days|
|11.||U-106||26 Feb 1941||Lorient||17 Jun 1941||Lorient||Patrol 11,||112 days|
|12.||U-106||11 Aug 1941||Lorient||11 Sep 1941||Lorient||Patrol 12,||32 days|
|13.||U-861||20 Apr 1944||Kiel||23 Sep 1944||Penang||Patrol 13,||157 days|
|14.||U-861||1 Nov 1944||Penang||2 Nov 1944||Singapur||2 days|
|15.||U-861||3 Nov 1944||Singapur||5 Nov 1944||Soerabaja||3 days|
|16.||U-861||15 Jan 1945||Soerabaja||19 Apr 1945||Trondheim||Patrol 14,||95 days|
|14 patrols, 581 days at sea|
Ships hit by Jürgen Oesten
|Date||U-boat||Name of ship||Tons||Nat.||Convoy|
|22 Dec 1939||U-61||Gryfevale (d.) [Mine]||4,434||br|
|22 Jan 1940||U-61||Sydfold||2,434||nw|
|18 Feb 1940||U-61||El Sonador||1,406||pa|
|18 Feb 1940||U-61||Sangstad||4,297||nw|
|10 Jul 1940||U-61||Alwaki||4,533||nl||OA-180|
|16 Jul 1940||U-61||Scottish Minstrel||6,998||br||HX-55|
|17 Jan 1941||U-106||Zealandic||10,578||br|
|29 Jan 1941||U-106||Sesostris||2,962||ag||SC-19|
|11 Mar 1941||U-106||Memnon||7,506||br|
|16 Mar 1941||U-106||Almkerk||6,810||nl|
|17 Mar 1941||U-106||Andalusian||3,082||br||SL-68|
|17 Mar 1941||U-106||Tapanoeli||7,034||nl||SL-68|
|20 Mar 1941||U-106||HMS Malaya (01) (d.)||31,100||br||SL-68|
|20 Mar 1941||U-106||Meerkerk (d.)||7,995||nl||SL-68|
|24 Mar 1941||U-106||Eastlea||4,267||br|
|30 May 1941||U-106||Silveryew||6,373||br|
|31 May 1941||U-106||Clan Macdougall||6,843||br|
|6 Jun 1941||U-106||Sacramento Valley||4,573||br||OB-324|
|20 Jul 1944||U-861||Vital de Oliveira||1,737||bz|
|24 Jul 1944||U-861||William Gaston||7,177||am|
|20 Aug 1944||U-861||Berwickshire||7,464||br||DN-68|
|20 Aug 1944||U-861||Daronia (d.)||8,139||br||DN-68|
|5 Sep 1944||U-861||Ioannis Fafalios||5,670||gr|
19 ships sunk (101,744 tons) and 4 ships damaged (51,668 tons).
About ranks and decorations
Ranks shown in italics are our database inserts based on the rank dates of his crew comrades. The officers of each crew would normally have progressed through the lower ranks at the same rate.