Losses listed by U-boats
Here below is a listing of all U-boats that suffered losses from their crews as listed in our database. It is listed by the U-boats involved. This list is not 100% complete as we did not include all the smaller incidents where perhaps 1-2 men were slighlty wounded.
27 May 1944
The boat fought a surface battle with 2 Soviet patrol boats SW of Poti in the Black Sea. Casualties were 1 dead and 2 wounded. [Matrosenobergefreiter Johann Wölbitsch]
5 Nov 1939
The boat lost a man overboard in the Bay of Biscay. [Bootsmaat Wilhelm Lützeler]
10 Nov 1940
On U-28, Maschinengefreiter Sachse was severely injured by boiling water.
31 Mar 1940
U-43 lost a man overboard in the Atlantic. [I WO Oberleutnant zur See Hans-Wilhelm Behrens]
27 Sep 1940
The boat lost two men during an unintentional dive.[Oberbootsmaat Heinrich Schenk, Matrosenobergefreiter Wilhelm Reh]
25 Oct 1940
3 Hudson bombers from RAF Squadron 228 attacked U-46. One man was fatally wounded and died the following day. [Matrosengefreiter Plaep]
5 Sep 1940
The boat lost a man overboard during use of the deck gun. [MtrOGfr Heinrich Mantyk]
17 Sep 1939
Several Swordfish aircraft from the British fleet carrier HMS Courageous attacked the boat with gunfire forcing the boat to crash dive. Some gunners had to be left topside when the boat dived, they perished. HMS Courageous was sunk later the same day by U-29.
3 Sep 1940
The boat sank after an accidental collision with the Norwegian steamer SS Rona, taking 6 of its crew with her. She was raised shortly afterwards and put into commission as a training boat. [Obermaschinenmaat Bernhard Henz, Maschinengefreiter Kurt Kopf, Matrosengefreiter Hermann Schneider, Funkobergefreiter Kurt Sparschuh,Matrosenobergefreiter Franz Tatzreiter]
3 Aug 1943
At 21.35 hours, the boat was surprised by a Avenger/Wildcat team (VC-1 USN) from USS Card in the Central Atlantic. The aircraft made several strafing runs and one depth charge apparently exploded directly under the boat. The II.WO Oblt Kurt Schütze and Mtrgfr Erich Lorenz were killed and MechGfr Heinz Nitsch died of wounds during the night. The commander and FzS Pfaff were seriously and the I.WO and five ratings were slightly wounded. U-117 was ordered to meet U-66 three days later for medical assistance und to transfer a WO as replacement.
27 Oct 1942
One man died following an explosion during torpedo loading on U-67 [Matrosenobergefreiter Heinz Hartmann].
14 Jun 1943
At 09.33 hours, the outbound boat was strafed by one of four Mosquito aircraft. More details about this incident can be found on the page about U-155. Aboard U-68, the commander, the II.WO and another crew member were wounded. The I.WO Oblt E. Scherraus temporary took over the command. One crew member [Obergefreiter Hans Schaumburg] operating a MG38 machine-gun was apparently hit too, fell overboard and could not be recovered. The boat returned to base due to the casualties together with U-155 and later transferred its doctor to the other boat.
5 Apr 1942
On U-81 one crew member was injured during an accident.
27 Mar 1943
22.45 hrs, Bay of Biscay, inbound: boat was attacked by a Leigh-Light equipped British Wellington (RAF Sqdn 172/M). The boat escaped without damage, but had dived with three men still on the bridge. It resurfaced immediately and found two still in place, but the PO who fired the AA gun until the last moment was missing. [Oberbootsmaat Heinrich Hollenborg]
29 Nov 1943
A man was lost overboard on this day. [ObGfr Friedrich Witzkonski]
7 May 1941
3 men were wounded on the U-93 in an accident with the machine-gun.
3 Mar 1941
The boat lost a man overboard in the Bay of Biscay. [Bootsmaat Artur Mei]
24 Oct 1941
The IIWO of U-97 was badly injured in an accident on board, forcing the boat to return to base.
4 Jun 1941
Mid Atlantic: one of the gun crew was lost overboard. [Matrosenobergefreiter Horst Jackl]
5 May 1941
The 105mm gun exploded during firing wounding 6 men.
23 Oct 1941
An incredibly sad event befell U-106 on this date. When the replacement watch opened the tower hatch in rough seas they found out that the entire previous tower watch of 4 men had been washed overboard. [Oberleutnant zur See Werner Grüneberg, Fähnrich zur See Herbert von Bruchhausen, Oberbootsmannmaat Karl Heemann, Matrose Ewald Brühl]
27 Jul 1942
At 15.30 hours, the outbound boat was strafed and bombed by a Wellington aircraft (311 Sqn RAF/A) in the Bay of Biscay, killing the I WO Oberleutnant zur See Günter Wißmann and wounding the commander. The boat had only left Lorient two days earlier and was forced to return to base.
4 Jan 1944
19.34 hours, Bay of Biscay: the inbound boat fought off an attack by a four-engined aircraft. No bombs dropped, one crewman slightly wounded by strafing.
23 Mar 1941
U-110´s 105mm deck gun exploded, wounding 3 men.
8 Nov 1942
While refuelling U-454 on 8 Nov Leutnant zur See der Reserve Helmut Schwenzel from U-117 was washed overboard.
29 Apr 1943
At 11.24 hours, the outbound boat was strafed and bombed by an Australian Sunderland aircraft (RAAF Sqdn 461 / P). The boat was not damaged, but one man was killed by gunfire. [Bootsmaat Alfred Schmidt]
27 Mar 1942
After being torpedoed by U-123 off the US East coast the American Q-ship USS Atik (AK 101) took the Germans by surprise with their counter-attack. One man from U-123 was fatally wounded and the Q-ship was sunk with all hands. [Fähnrich zur See Rudi Holzer]
7 Nov 1943
09.44 hrs, Bay of Biscay, inbound: the first recorded attack by a "TseTse" Mosquito aircraft (RAF Sqdn 618, pilot F/O Al Bonnett RCAF) equipped with a 57mm cannon scored a hit on the conning tower which left the boat with one dead, two wounded and unable to dive due to a hole measuring 18 x 6.5cm. [Bootsmaat Günther Struve]
15 Jan 1943
One of the crew commited suicide.
10 Aug 1942
18.25 hrs, north of Cape Ferrol, Spain: the outbound boat was strafed by a Czech-crewed Wellington (RAF Sqdn 311/H, pilot F/O J. Nývlt) which dropped 4 depth charges. The boat returned fire with the 20mm AA gun during the first attack, and survived 6 more depth charges after diving.
U-135 sustained only minor damage, but one crewman was killed by gunfire and another died of wounds an hour after the attack. [Matrosenobergefreiter Emil Hafner, Matrosenobergefreiter Erhard Pömpner]
12 May 1944
U-154s commander, Oblt. Oskar Kusch, was executed on 12 May "for his anti-Hitler views" after his IWO, Oblt. Ulrich Abel,* reported him for sedition. He was convicted in late January. His photo is to the right.
* The former lawyer went down with U-193 as its commander when it was lost with all hands on 24 April 1944.
10 Mar 1942
On the return from the US eastern seaboard, I WO Oberleutnant zur See Gert Rentrop was lost overboard.
19 Aug 1942
A man was lost overboard during an air attack off the coast of French Guyana, S. America. [Maschinengefreiter Konrad Garneier]
14 Jun 1943
Aircraft attack, aircraft shot down:
Polish Mosquito HJ648 (307 Sqdn RAF/B, pilot S/L S. Szablowski)
09.29 hrs, Bay of Biscay north of Corunna: four Mosquito aircraft (three from 307 Polish Sqdn RAF and one from 410 Sqdn RCAF) attacked a group of five outbound boats (U-68, U-155, U-159, U-415 and U-634). The leading Mosquito strafed U-68 and then U-155, but its port engine stopped after being hit by flak and the aircraft was forced to return to base at Predannack, where it made a belly landing. A Mosquito piloted by F/O J. Pelka then made an attack run, but without firing, and the remaining aircraft were held off by an intense barrage of flak.
Five of the crew of U-155 were wounded, two badly. The boat returned to base with U-68, whose doctor was transferred to treat the wounded on the way.
23 Jun 1944
A Mosquito (RAF Sqdn 248/P) attacked the boat. 2 men were killed 7 wounded. The boat was close to port when attacked and reached Lorient the same day. [Matrosenobergefreiter Karl Lohmeier, Mechanikerobergefreiter Friedrich Feller]
16 Feb 1942
U-156 began to shell the oil refinery at Aruba in the Caribbean, but the gun crew forgot to remove the water plug from the barrel, causing an explosion that killed one man [Matrosengefreiter Heinrich Büssinger]. The gunnery officer [II WO Leutnant zur See Dietrich von dem Borne, see right] lost his right leg in this incident, and so had to be put ashore into captivity at Martinique on 21 February. The commander decided to saw off the ruined portion of the gun barrel, and using this shorter barrel, on 27 February U-156 sank a 2,498-ton British steamer.
14 Dec 1941
U-160 lost 7 men dead and one wounded in a fire at Danzig during the boat´s working up exercises. [Maschinenmaat Melchior Schwipp, Matrosengefreiter August Männel, Matrosengefreiter Heinrich Meckenstock]
8 Jan 1943
The first man lost from a U-boat in 1943 was during a storm when one man was washed overboard while saving the I WO. Also the commander was wounded and so the boat was brought back to base with the IWO in command on 16 Jan. [Obersteuermann Walter Schliephake]
23 Sep 1942
On 23 Sept at 06.05 hrs a man was lost overboard. [Bootsmannmaat Erwin Henning]
11 Apr 1943
The new 37mm anti-aircraft cannon on U-181 exploded in action while on patrol in the South Atlantic killing one man and wounding two more. [Matrosengefreiter Wilhelm Williger]
13 May 1944
One man was killed in an accident working in a diving cell while preparing for its next patrol in the Far East. The boat left for the patrol from Penang on 17 May. [Obermaschinenmaat Erich Adelsheimer]
3 Aug 1943
While looking for the U-604 to attack her again a Ventura aircraft (Sqdn VB-107, pilot Prueher) instead found the U-185 and attacked her with depth charges and wounding one man.
2 May 1943
10.14 hrs, Bay of Biscay, inbound: British Whitley bomber W for William from Sqdn 612 strafed U-188 and dropped four depth charges. Gunfire wounded the commander KptLt Siegfried Lüdden and one of the crew, who died in hospital in Paris on 14 May. [Matrosengefreiter Leo Rupp]
18 Oct 1943
A lookout suffered a broken arm in a storm off Vigo, Spain.
6 Jul 1943
An unknown aircraft hit the boat wounding 2 men and destroying the Metox equipment.
20 Jul 1943
One man was lost during an air attack in the Bay of Biscay. [Matrosenobergefreiter Arthur List]
4 Nov 1942
Obermaschinist Alfred Wernicke died following an accident in Kiel.
20 May 1943
The boat was strafed and bombed by an American B-25 Mitchell bomber northeast of Ascension. The periscope was damaged and one man wounded by gunfire, who died the next day. [Bootsmaat Viktor Rainer]
19 Jul 1944
After the boat unsuccessfully fired torpedoes at a freighter, a corvette dropped depth charges. No damage.
13 Dec 1941
An explosion in Brest (France) harbor killed 1 man, Maschinenobergefreiter Josef Zander.
11 Sep 1942
The commander of U-203 (Kptlt. Rolf Mützelburg) died in a unique accident on 11 Sept. He had stopped the boat to allow the crew to swim in the sea, and as he dived from the conning tower the boat moved and he hit the saddle tank and was seriously injured. He died the next day.
30 Sep 1941
Fähnrich zur See Fritz Säger took his own life.
9 Jul 1942
Two men were lost during an accident on the landing place in the harbor of Bergen, Norway. The boat went on its next patrol on 17 July. [Funkgefreiter Edmund Kiepulski, Funkgefreiter Alfons Kuklinski]
7 May 1943
10.14 hrs, Bay of Biscay, outbound: British Halifax bomber HR745 (RAF Sqdn 58/S, pilot W/C W.E. Oulton), attacked from out of the sun. Despite being hit by flak, it returned to drop three depth charges. The boat evaded both attacks and dived with only minor damage, but the commander, Kptlt Günther Reeder was severely wounded by gunfire (he no longer served in U-boats after this). The IWO, Oblt Rupprecht Stock took command and brought U-214 to base.
This aircraft was formerly credited with the destruction of U-663, but this boat sank following an attack by Australian Sunderland flying boat (W/William, 10 Sqdn RAAF).
2 May 1943
A crew member on U-218 broke his leg.
2 Aug 1943
6 men were wounded during an attack from a Wellington aircraft (Sqdn 547/B). The boat was damaged and had to abort its mine-laying mission and arrived in Brest, France on 6 August.
U-218 under attack
16 Oct 1943
Two men were lost overboard in the North Atlantic. [Bootsmaat Georg Koerner, Matrosenobergefreiter Gerhard Lange]. Thus only 54 men were on board when the boat was sunk 12 days later.
22 Mar 1943
A captured seaman from the tanker ´Jamaica´, which was sunk two weeks earlier, jumped overboard.
11 May 1943
The British destroyer HMS Hesperus depth charged the U-223 to the surface and then rammed her on 11 May. 2 men were lost overboard, U-359 rescued one of them and transferred him back to U-223 on 14 May as she had managed to escape the destroyer. U-223 (unable to dive) returned to port on 24 May but did not sail again until 14 Sept while being repaired. [Matrosengefreiter Heinz Hoog]
7 May 1943
Aircraft attack, aircraft shot down:
British Halifax bomber HR792 (RAF Sqdn 58/A, pilot Sgt N.F. Robertson, RAAF)
10.50 hrs, Bay of Biscay, outbound: The Halifax was forced to break off its initial attack by heavy flak, but then made a strafing attack from the bow and released six depth charges, which overshot the boat and detonated about 25m astern. The detonations gave U-228 a severe shaking and wounded the II WO and one seaman. The Germans observed several AA hits on the aircraft (misidentified as a Lancaster) and saw it emit smoke before they dived. The Halifax and its crew of seven failed to return to base and presumably crashed shortly after this attack.
22 Apr 1943
03.00 hrs, SE of Iceland: a British Catalina flying boat (Sqdn 190/T) strafed U-231 and dropped two bombs. The boat was undamaged, but one man was lost overboard. [Obersteuermann Walter Krause]
at 12.29 hrs, a second Catalina (RAF Sqdn 190/E) dropped four bombs, this time with no effect.
25 Jul 1944
Two Norwegian Mosquito aircraft (Sqdn 333, E/F) attacked the boat killing 1 and wounding 7 men. The boat aborted to base.
11 Mar 1944
The boat was attacked by aircraft and 2 men were wounded. The boat continued its patrol after treating its wounded (a meeting with U-608 with a doctor on board did not succeed).
14 Jun 1943
At 16.05 hours, U-257 in a group of 3 outbound boats with U-600 and U-615 was strafed and attacked with 3 depth charges by a British Whitley aircraft (10 OTU RAF/P, pilot P/O Orr) in the Bay of Biscay. One crewman was wounded.
Another Whitley aircraft from the same unit (10 OTU RAF/E, pilot Sgt Manson) exchanged gunfire with this group shortly afterwards, but the aircraft had used up its depth charges in an earlier attack.
22 Sep 1942
The navigator was lost overboard from U-258. [Obersteuermann Heinrich Wittmann]
12 Jan 1943
During heavy weather in the North Atlantic a lookout on U-258 broke his arm.
18 Aug 1944
Three men were killed and wounded during an air raid on La Pallice. The boat left for her next patrol and transit to Germany on 23 August, reaching Flensburg on 5 November.
22 Jan 1943
Leutnant zur See Wilhem Deutsch was lost by washing overboard. (When U-268 was sunk four weeks later only 44 men were killed, instead of the normally reported figure of 45 men.)
4 Apr 1943
On U-270 three crew members were injured due to very bad weather.
21 Oct 1943
While serving as a Flak boat U-271 was attacked by two Avengers from USS Core on 21 Oct and one man from its crew died.
2 May 1944
On U-276 two crew members were wounded in an accident with the anti-aircraft gun.
25 May 1944
An unknown aircraft attacked the boat causing 3 casualties and severely damaging the boat forcing her to return to base.
18 Jul 1944
On 18 July a Norwegian Mosquito aircraft (Sqdn 333/K) attacked the boat, causing damage and killing 1 man and wounding 7 more. The boat reached Kristiansand, Norway on the same day.
14 Jun 1944
A Norwegian Mosquito aircraft (Sqdn 333/H, pilots Erling U. Johansen and Lauritz Humlen) damaged the boat and wounded 8 of its crew. Two days later the boat arrived at its Bergen, Norway base.
16 Jul 1944
The commander was wounded in an aircraft attack. The boat, part of a defence line off Norway, reached Bergen 4 days later.
7 May 1943
06.55 hrs, inbound: British Halifax aircraft HR745 (58 Sqdn RAF/S, pilot W/C W.E. Oulton, DFC) dropped six depth charges about 15 seconds after U-306 dived. No damage.
30 Sep 1943
A man was lost in the North Atlantic while working on deck. [Mechanikergefreiter Erich Jungmann]
10 Oct 1941
The boat fought a gun duel with 3 British landing craft off Sidi Barrani and damaged HMS TLC-18 (A 18), but was itself slightly damaged. Two men of the gun crew were wounded, one of them mortally. [Bootsmann Hans Gerstenich]
6 Oct 1942
The boat fought an epic battle with the British corvette HMS Crocus off the coast of Sierra Leone, west Africa on 6 Oct. 1942. The U-boat lost 3 men (including the IWO) and several men were wounded, including the commander, Peter Erich Cremer. The boat was heavily damaged and limped back to base with the help of a replacement WO, Kptlt. Lorenz Kasch, from U-107. The doctor from the milch cow boat U-459 tended the wounded. Cremer then spent 3 months in hospital. [Oberleutnant zur See Bernhard Hermann, Bootsmaat Heinz Kurze, Maschinenobergefreiter Erwin Levermann].
13 Apr 1942
A day before U-334 reached base at Trondheim, Norway 19 year old Matrosengefreiter Otto Mayerhofer was lost overboard.
17 Jun 1943
A B-17 Fortress (Sqdn 206/F) killed the Obersteuermann and wounded 3 men during an attack that damaged the boat. [Obersteuermann Paul Trefflich]
25 Aug 1943
U-340 rescued 5 Luftwaffe airmen off Spain on 25 August. Shortly afterwards the boat was attacked by an aircraft and a few men were wounded, the boat being damaged.
8 Jan 1944
Aircraft attack, aircraft shot down:
British Wellington (179 Sqdn RAF/R, pilot F/O W.F.M. Davidson)
Following two aircraft attacks on the boat the day before, the Allies started a Swamp operation and at 21.40 hours Wellington flight letter "B for Baker" of 36 Sqdn RAF located U-343 southwest of Cartagena. She was then attacked by a Wellington from 179 Sqdn piloted by W/C J.H. Greswell DFC, followed by a second aircraft of 179 Sqdn. Wellington R - Robert dropped six depth charges, but several AA hits set the port wing on fire and the aircraft crashed into the sea, killing five crewmen. Only the pilot was thrown clear. U-343 passed close to his dinghy twice, but the Germans did not take him prisoner because they had "more important things to do". He was picked up by HMS Active the next morning and later received the DFC.
The boat had already sustained damage in these attacks, but there was more to come, as a Catalina (202 Sqdn RAF, pilot F/L J. Finch) then continued the attack. The aircraft broke off the attack at 23.00 hrs, and only then because the boats AA fire had damaged the port wing, fuselage and both fuel tanks, and wounded the flight engineer. U-343, badly damaged and unable to dive, managed to escape in the darkness, with only one crewman wounded by strafing, and after repairs reached her new base at Toulon safely.
6 May 1944
Two men stepped on a land mine near Stavanger, Norway. One was killed, the other wounded. The boat departed for its second patrol from Bergen on the 20th. [Bootsmaat Günter Labahn]
28 Jan 1945
One man died near Gotenhafen. [Matrose Hermann Witthöft]
5 May 1945
When the boat was scuttled Obermaschinist Wilhelm Hegenbarth set the charges off and refused to leave the boat.
11 Nov 1942
U-354 lost one man overboard on 11 Nov. [Fähnrich zur See Horst Mayen]
12 Mar 1943
A man from U-354 took his own life. [Maschinenmaat Helmut Richter]
23 Sep 1944
In the Baltic Sea a man was washed overboard. [Matrosengefreiter Erwin Stiegeler]
23 Nov 1941
During stormy weather, a lookout was badly injured on U-372.
10 Nov 1943
During stormy weather a lookout on U-373 broke his arm.
16 Dec 1941
At 18.19 hours the boat was attacked by a flying boat in the Mediterranean. The aircraft dropped 7 depth charges on U-375 after the boat crash-dived. No damage.
27 Jan 1943
The boat had to break off her one-day old patrol in the North Atlantic when some crew members were wounded in an air attack.
31 Jan 1943
The boat left Bergen, Norway on 30 Jan for the 6th patrol, but the next day at 0057 hrs lost the third watch officer when he was washed overboard. U-376 then headed back to Bergen, took aboard a replacement and departed for patrol the same day. [Obersteuermann Heinz Richter]
22 Sep 1943
On 22 Sept a B-24 Liberator (Sqdn 10) attacked U-377, wounding the commander. The boat had to return to port under the command of the I WO.
U-377 on arrival at Brest. Behind the flotilla commander is the wounded commander, Oblt.z.S. Kluth
23 Aug 1943
An aircraft attack killed 2 men and wounded 3.
9 Jan 1944
When the U-boat pens were hit during an air raid on Pola 4 U-407 crew were killed and 1 wounded. The boat next sailed on 29 Jan. [Oberleutnant (Ing) Heinz Weser, Leutnant zur See Eberhard Baumgart, Maschinenobergfreiter Rudolf Güttge, Maschinenobergefreiter Heinz Bönisch]
14 Jun 1943
In the afternoon, a British Whitley bomber (RAF OTU 10/E, pilot Sgt Manson) found a group of three outbound boats (U-159, U-415 and U-634) and sent a contact report instead of attacking. When the boats dived, the aircraft attacked, dropping four depth charges on U-415 at 15.54 hrs. No damage.
23 Sep 1943
The boat was depth charged and strafed by an allied aircraft identified as a Halifax. 3 men were wounded, two of them seriously. After requesting medical assistance the boat rendezvoused with milch cow U-460 on the 29th of September.
12 Jul 1943
The Flak boat was strafed by three British Beaufighters from 248 Sqdn RAF in the Bay of Biscay. 10 men died and 13 more were wounded, including all officers other than the ships doctor. Dr Paul Pfaffinger took over command from Kplt Hartmann, treated the wounded and brought the boat back to Brest. He was subsequently awarded the German Cross in Gold. This action led to the abandonment of the Flak boat experiment, and all the boats involved were returned to their original armament configuration.
9 Oct 1942
During very bad weather in the North Atlantic a lookout on broke his arm.
6 Jun 1943
A British B-17 Flying Fortress (RAF Sqdn 220/A) caught U-450 on the surface 250km SE of Iceland, killing one crewman and wounding 7 others. The boat was severely damaged and only managed to reach base at Brest with assistance of other U-boats.
5 Feb 1944
One man was lost overboard in the Mediterranean. [Matrosengefreiter Thomas Heneka]
13 Oct 1942
1 man was killed and 3 wounded on U-453 in an accident during handling the machine gun. [Matrosengefreiter Horst Saupe + on 13th Oct., Steuermannsgefreiter Helmut Lorenz died 2 months later]
24 Feb 1944
During test firing with the machine gun at the base in Salamis, Greece were two men killed (not crew members).
26 Feb 1942
Matrosengefreiter Josef Kauerlost was lost overboard when U-454 was two days out from Trondheim, Norway.
24 Mar 1943
A crewman was injured in an accident with the anti-aircraft machine gun.
21 Jun 1943
This Milch cow suffered one dead and 4 wounded during an attack from Mosquito aircraft from RAF Squadrons 151 & 456. [Matrosengefreiter Ferdinand Brunnbaur]. The boat had to abort patrol and return to port.
24 Jul 1943
On 24 July U-466 was attacked by a B-24 Liberator aircraft, the boat was damaged and 5 men were wounded, including the first officer which was badly wounded.
23 Dec 1943
A British B-24 Liberator aircraft attack (Sqdn 120/O) on U-471 on 23 Dec wounded 3 men.
24 May 1944
The boat was scuttled on 24 May after a crippling damage from a British Catalina aircraft (Sqdn 210/V). U-990 saved 21 of the crew, 34 died went down with the boat. But the U-990 was sunk by a B-24 Liberator aircraft the very next day and then even more men from the U-476 died.
12 Oct 1944
During a Schnorchel failure the crew suffered a CO2 poisoning where 1 man died. [Funkmaat Gustav Hoffmann]
15 Oct 1943
A man died of illness on 15 Oct. [Maschinenmaat Karl Bergmann]
25 Nov 1943
A man fell overboard, he was rescued died of heart failure shortly afterwards. [Matrosenobergefreiter Heinz Heinlein]
10 Nov 1942
Aircraft attack, aircraft shot down:
British Hudson V9253 (RAF Sqn 53/L, pilot F/S R.R. Sillcock, RAAF)
The II WO and a lookout on U-505 were seriously wounded in a surprise air attack out of low cloud by a Hudson aircraft southeast of Trinidad. Four depth charges were released and scored a direct hit, but the aircraft was destroyed with its five crew in the explosion. The boat suffered heavy damage and broke off its patrol. 12 days later the II WO was transferred to the milch cow U-462.
24 Oct 1943
The commander of U-505, Kptlt. Peter Zschech, committed suicide during heavy depth charging on 24 Oct. This was the only such case of the war. The IWO, Oblt. Meyer took over and brought the boat back to port.
5 May 1942
During handling of a torpedo one of the crew of U-507 broke his arm.
3 Apr 1943
The boat was attacked by a British Hudson aircraft (RAF Sqdn 233 / U) with 2 bombs north of the Canary Islands and suffered minor damage.
3 Jun 1942
During a rescue action in the Baltic Sea an officer lost his life. [I WO Leutnant zur See der Reserve Rolf Kühl]
20 Sep 1942
A gunner from U-515 was killed by a misfire on the 2cm machine gun. [Matrosengefreiter Matthias Biazza]
15 Jun 1944
Following his capture when U-515 was sunk on 9 April, Kptlt. Werner Henke, one of the top aces, committed suicide by pretending to attempt escape from his POW camp on 15 June after being put under psychological pressure by his US captors.
25 Apr 1943
The boat was attacked by an American PBY-5A Catalina of VP-84/P-5. Three of U-533´s gun crew were injured by the Catalina's .30 cal. gunfire. They were: (Bootsmaat Buttkus, Matrosengefreiter Ludwig and Matrosengefreiter Fekken). All of them went again out to sea and Buttkus and Ludwig perished with the boat the following October.
12 Nov 1944
One man from U-541 died on 22 Nov following an accident in Flensburg. [Maschinengefreiter Valentin Seile]
26 Jan 1944
The I WO was washed overboard in the North Atlantic. [Oberleutnant zur See Hans Wilkening]
16 Feb 1944
A Sunderland flying boat attacked U-546 in the mid North Atlantic. One man died and there was minor damage to the diesel engines, but the boat reported it was able to continue its patrol. [Matrosengefreiter Wilhelm van de Kamp]
30 Aug 1944
One man was missing after crash diving. [Mechanikergefreiter (A) Walter Heise]
22 Feb 1944
A Catalina aircraft (RCAF Sqdn 162/S, pilot Flying Officer C. C. Cunningham) dropped four depth charges and strafed the boat south of Iceland, killing two men. The boat was lost on the same patrol on 16 April.
6 Dec 1941
4 men from the boat were injured in an accident while reloading torpedoes.
7 Apr 1943
A British B-24 Liberator (Sqdn 86) dropped 3 depth charges on U-563 which caused only light damage, but 2 men were lost when the boat dived. [Oberbootsmaat Christian Wieland, Matrosengefreiter Rudolf Schädlich]
28 Mar 1943
A man was lost in the North Atlantic. [Fähnrich zur See Heinrich Feuerhake]
22 Apr 1943
The boat had to return to base because the commander was badly injured in an accident on the conning tower.
25 Jan 1942
During bad weather in the North Atlantic a lookout on U-575 broke his arm.
5 Oct 1942
A man was lost overboard. [Oberbootsmaat Herbert Bühler]
10 Jan 1942
During heavy weather in the North Atlantic a lookout on U-582 broke his arm.
31 Dec 1941
During heavy weather in the Arctic Sea a lookout on U-584 broke his arm.
10 Oct 1943
One man was lost overboard in the mid Atlantic south of Iceland. (Thus only 52 men were aboard when the boat was sunk 3 weeks later, rather than 53 as given in most sources).
5 Feb 1942
21 year old Fähnrich zur See Eberhardt Vollmer (Crew 1940) was lost overboard in the south Barents Sea.
21 Mar 1943
On U-590 a crew member broke his arm.
29 Jan 1942
In rough seas west of Bantry Bay, Ireland, a lookout broke his arm.
15 May 1943
12.36 hrs, west of the Bay of Biscay: the boat was strafed and bombed by a British Whitley bomber (RAF Sqdn 10 OTU/M, pilot F/Sgt G.W. Brookes). The boat was not damaged, but the commander, Kptlt. Hans-Jürgen Zetzsche, and one of the crew were wounded by gunfire, forcing the boat to return to base.
25 May 1942
During a patrol in the Caribbean one man was lost during crash diving. [Matrosengefreiter Walter Kunde]
30 Aug 1942
In the North Atlantic U-596 lost a man overboard. [Fähnrich zur See Wolfgang Aldag]
5 Aug 1942
While U-598 was refuelling in the Middle Atlantic by U-463 one of its men drowned during maintenance work on the hydroplanes and propellers. [Maschinenmaat Willi Bredereck]
16 Jun 1943
09.04 hrs, NW of Finisterre, outbound: a group of three boats was attacked by British Liberator Mk.V bomber FL973 (RAF Sqdn 59/C, pilot F/O E.E. Allen, RCAF) . The aircraft dropped six depth charges on the boat in the centre of the formation, U-600, which suffered only minor damage, whereas the aircraft was hit four times by AA fire from all three boats. Strafing by the tail gunner killed one man [Matrosengefreiter Georg Laub]. As the pilot backed off to assess the damage, the boats began to dive. The aircraft dropped its remaining depth charges ahead of the diving point of the starboard boat before returning to base.
4 May 1943
The II WO on U-601 was killed in a machine gun misfire.
30 Jul 1943
U-604 was attacked by a B-24 Liberator aircraft (VB-129) off the coast of Brazil on 30 July and both the IWO and the Coxswain were killed in action. [Oberleutnant zur See Frank Aschmann (see right) and Oberbootsmaat Herbert Lurz]. The boat was left in a crippled state but nonetheless manged to escape from the area.
17 Oct 1943
During heavy weather a lookout on U-608 broke his arm.
16 Dec 1942
During heavy weather in the North Atlantic a lookout on U-610 broke his arm.
22 Apr 1943
During heavy weather a lookout on U-610 broke his arm.
6 Aug 1942
During training in the Baltic U-612 collided with U-444 killing two men from U-612 which sank to the seabed. The boat was later raised and used for training. [Obermaschinist Wilhelm Merz, Maschinenobergefreiter Gerhard Ehrlich] (The I WO Herbert A. Werner described the loss in his book ´Iron Coffins´)
14 Jun 1943
At 21.12 hours, a group of 3 outbound boats (U-257, U-600 and U-615) was attacked by a British Wellington aircraft (547 Sqdn RAF/H, pilot P/O J.W. Hermiston) in the Bay of Biscay. The aircraft strafed U-615 and killed one of the gunners. [Bootsmaat Heinz Wilke]
10 Nov 1942
At 14.30 hours, the inbound boat was attacked by a Whitley aircraft (502 Sqn RAF/G) about 15 nautical miles north-northwest of El Ferrol, Spain. The aircraft made a sharp turn to starboard to evade AA fire from the U-boat during the first approach and then turned again to attack from under half a mile with the front gunner returning fire. The AA gunners had not anticipated this maneuver and as they had opened fire too early their clips were empty when the Whitley attacked from the starboard beam and dropped six depth charges about 100 feet ahead of the U-boat. The explosions were too far away to cause damage, but machine gun fire from the rear gunner mortally wounded one crew member [Bootsmaat Josef Leisten]. U-620 escaped further attacks by crash diving immediately afterwards.
13 Jan 1944
While serving as a Flak boat U-621 was attacked by a British B-24 Liberator (RAF sqdn 59/A) off the Bay of Biscay, suffering 1 dead and 6 wounded. Matrosengefreiter Heinz Thomas was mortally wounded and later buried at sea. The commander decided to abort the patrol. U-621 took ten days to limp back to Brest.
2 Jan 1944
21.38 hrs, Bay of Biscay, inbound: the boat was attacked by a Leigh Light equipped British Liberator (224 Sqdn RAF/G, pilot P/O J.E. Edwards). U-625 initially opened fire with the AA guns and a hit was scored on the port side of the aircraft, wounding the radio operator with shrapnel, but the boat then began to dive. The commander, Kptlt. Hans Benker countermanded the order to dive so that he and one of the crew could recover the Naxos radar warning device, but the boat continued to dive, causing both men to drown.
16 Dec 1943
A lookout broke his arm during a severe storm.
8 Oct 1943
The commander broke his hand in an accident during patrol.
10 Mar 1943
Man was lost overboard. [Bootsmaat Ernst Adam]
15 Feb 1943
A man from U-635 took his own life in Hamburg. [Maschinengefreiter Werner Grande]
13 Dec 1944
During an air attack on U-636, the machine gun exploded, wounding four crew members.
26 Apr 1945
Norwegian MTBs (motor torpedo boats) 711 and 723 claimed a German U-boat sunk near Utsira, Norway. This attack was in fact against U-637, which survived. The commander of U-637 shot himself after being seriously wounded in the face. The Engineering Officer brought the boat to port. Several of the crew died in action. [Kapitänleutnant Wolfgang Riekeberg]
18 Aug 1942
A British B-24 Liberator aircraft (Sqdn 120/F) attacked U-653 near convoy SL-119 in the Atlantic west of Portugal. One man was lost when the boat dived. (There was a report that the man was saved by a British destroyer.) The boat was seriously damaged and had to limp back to base, reaching Brest, France on 30 August. [Matrosengefreiter Willi Pröhl]
22 Dec 1942
The boat lost a man overboard in the mid Atlantic west of Portugal at 08.10hrs. [Bootsmaat Heinz Wendler]
13 Feb 1943
U-653 lost an officer overboard in heavy weather in the mid Atlantic south of Greenland. [Oberleutnant zur See Werner Laudon]
9 Mar 1943
A man was lost overboard. [Bootsmaat Walter Mayer]
12 Jan 1942
During heavy weather in the North Atlantic a lookout on U-654 broke his arm.
14 Dec 1941
Oblt. Hans-Jürgen Radke of U-657 was killed in a fire on the submarine depot ship Black Prince on 14 Dec, 1941. 28 men died. The boat was undergoing trials at the time.
27 Apr 1942
The boat was damaged in an air raid on the harbour at Trondheim, Norway. One crew member was injured.
16 May 1944
17.15 hrs, WNW of Ålesund, Norway: Norwegian-crewed Sunderland JM667 (RAF Sqdn 330/V, pilot S/Lt C.T. Johnsen) attacked as U-668 was transiting between Bergen and Skjomenfjord. U-668 met the initial approach with heavy AA fire and evaded the single depth charge dropped. Four depth charges dropped on the port side during the second run caused minor damage, and one crewman suffered a bullet wound. The Sunderland was hit by flak in the fuselage and starboard wing, damaging both starboard engines, and a shell which exploded in the cockpit killed the nose gunner and wounded two more crew. The Sunderland barely made it back to Sullom Voe on three engines.
25 Jul 1943
A man from U-669 died on 25 July but I do not have the details. The boat was at this time in St. Nazaire. [Bootsmaat Erich Bergner]
31 Dec 1941
An officer was washed overboard from the U-701, being the last casualty of the year. [Leutnant zur See Bernhard Weinitschke]
29 Mar 1942
One crew member on U-703 was badly injured in an accident off Heligoland.
1 Mar 1944
During an air attack the boat suffered 3 dead and 3 wounded. The damaged boat reached Narvik, Norway two days later. [Funkobermaat Paul Kretschmar (died on 7 March), Bootsmaat Erich Junker Maschinengefreiter Heinz Schade].
27 Oct 1942
The same day 3 men were washed overboard from the U-706, 2 men died but the third was saved by U-463. [Leutnant zur See Erich Eichmann, see right, Matrosenobergefreiter Ralf Köhler]
12 Jul 1943
A torpedo explosion on board of U-709 killed 2 men and wounded another.
30 Sep 1943
A man died when the boat docked at Narvik. [Maschinengefreiter Heinz Schiefelbein]
14 Oct 1944
2 of the crew were killed and 3 wounded in an air raid on Libau (Liepaja). [Matrosenobergefreiter Walter Steube, Maschinenobergefreiter August Großdonk]
4 Oct 1943
A Hudson aircraft (Sqdn 269/S) attacked U-731 on 4 Oct. The commander and 5 more men were wounded and the boat was damaged. The boat did not have to abort its patrol.
3 Mar 1945
The commander of the boat died after an accident in Wesermünde. [Oberleutnat zur See Hans Hellmann]
9 Dec 1943
During heavy weather a lookout broke his arm on U-734 in the North Atlantic.
22 Oct 1944
The boat was attacked in the Arctic Sea by a Soviet aircraft. Three crew members were injured and the boat suffered slight damage.
3 Aug 1943
Two men were lost overboard in the Baltic Sea. [Bootsmaat Heinz Richter, Matrosengefreiter Josef Häseling]
20 Jun 1944
During an aircraft attack by a British B-24 Liberator (RAF 86 Sqd/K) on the boat 1 man was killed and 2 more wounded. The boat aborted to Bergen, Norway after this attack.
26 May 1943
06.26 hrs, 13 miles north of Alboran Island in the Mediterranean: the boat was attacked by a British Hudson bomber (500 Sqdn RAF, pilot S/L H.G. Holmes, DFC). Three depth charges were dropped from the aircraft during the first attack run, despite being hit in the port engine by flak, and followed up with two dive-bombing attacks, dropping first two and then one A/S bomb, one of which exploded only five yards off the port beam. The engine damage then forced the aircraft to return to base. One crewman was killed and two wounded by strafing, and U-755 was also forced to return to base due to heavy damage. She was sunk in another air attack 2 days later.
8 Jun 1943
19.18 hrs, south of the Azores: U-758 was attacked by carrier aircraft (VC-9 USN) from USS Bogue escorting convoy GUS-9. U-758 had just sighted the convoy and reported its position when it was attacked by an Avenger, piloted by Lt (jg) L.S. Bailliett. Its four depth charges exploded astern, but the boat remained on the surface and put up heavy flak. After 30 minutes a second Avenger, piloted by Lt (jg) W.S. Fowler, dropped three depth charges despite sustaining heavy flak damage during the approach. AA hits wounded one of the crew and damaged the engine, the starboard wing and the bomb bay, forcing the plane to return to the carrier. A third Avenger, piloted by Lt (jg) F.D. Fodge, then attacked, assisted by a strafing run from a Wildcat piloted by Lt (jg) P. Perabo. The boat dived before depth charges were dropped and then successfully evaded the USS Clemson.
The Germans reported beating off an attack by eight carrier aircraft (identified as Martlet, Lysander (!) and Mustang) with their powerful new quadruple AA gun and claimed one shot down and four damaged. U-758 suffered only minor damage, but 7 men were wounded, so the boat had to abort its patrol.
26 Feb 1943
A man from U-760 was killed during an air attack in Wilhelmshaven. [Obermaschinist Jakob Ippendorf]
12 Aug 1943
During an air attack in the North Atlantic one man was lost. [Matrosenenobergefreiter Günter Werner]. The boat was damaged and had to abort its patrol.
8 Oct 1943
A British B-24 Liberator aircraft (Sqdn 120, pilot Bryan W. Turnbull) attacked the boat and drove her under. A destroyer joined the attack but the boat escaped although 2 men were wounded and a diesel engine was damaged.
23 May 1944
The boat was attacked by an enemy aircraft and damaged slightly. One crew member was wounded.
16 Mar 1944
The boat was attacked by an Avenger aircraft from the escort carrier USS Block Island in the Mid Atlantic. One man died and 9 men were wounded. The U-boat was sunk the next day.
11 Apr 1944
An accident required the amputation of a crew members finger.
11 Apr 1944
During an air raid on Stettin 5 men from the boat were killed.
16 Jun 1944
The boat was attacked by a Norwegian Mosquito aircraft (Sqdn 333/R). 8 men were wounded but the boat was not seriously damaged.
16 Jun 1944
Aircraft attack, aircraft shot down:
The boat was attacked by a Norwegian Mosquito aircraft (Sqdn 333/R, crew Jacob M. Jacobsen and Per C. Hansen).
8 men from U-804 were wounded in the action. The air crew was saved by U-1000 on 18 June and taken to Norway for questioning.
14 Feb 1944
A British B-24 Liberator aircraft (Sqdn 10, pilot A. P. V. Cheater) attacked the boat with 8 depth charges. One man died and another was wounded.
26 Jan 1943
During training in Wesermünde an accident occured while the machine gun was being fired. One crewmember died, one was heavily wounded.
17 Jun 1944
Two Wildcat aircraft from the US escort carrier USS Croatan made repeated strafing attacks on U-853, about 30 miles south of the carrier. The boat dived and escaped before the Avengers arrived, but had to abort the patrol due to the many casualties: 2 men were killed and 12 wounded [Bootsmann Kurt Schweichler, Maschinengefreiter Karl-Heinz Löffler]
5 Jul 1944
One man was killed and three wounded, when the boat was attacked by a Catalina (RAF 262 Sqd/L) in the Indian Ocean. [Matrosenobergefreiter Hans Boldt]
21 Apr 1944
2 men died when they were stranded topside during an emergency dive to avoid an incoming aircraft. [Matrosengefreiter Alfons Robalewsky, Bootsmaat Rudolf Versic]
29 Jul 1944
During an air raid on Bremen, Germany on 29 July the boat was damaged and 4 men were wounded. One of them died in December 1944. [Matrosenhauptgefreiter Fritz Grusa]
19 May 1945
Its former commander, Kptlt. Friedrich Steinhoff, committed suicide while being kept in a street prison in Boston, USA instead of a POW camp.
24 May 1944
Aircraft attack, aircraft shot down:
Canadian Sunderland aircraft DV990 (422 Sqdn RCAF/R, pilot F/O G.E. Holley)
14.20 hrs, off Norway: the boat was attacked while searching for U-476, which had been badly damaged by air attack earlier in the day. The Sunderland was hit by AA fire during the attack run and and crashed into the sea after dropping three depth charges that caused no damage. The crew of 12 all died.
24 May 1944
After shooting down one Sunderland at 14.20 hours, U-921 was spotted shortly afterwards by Sunderland DW111 (423 Sqdn RCAF/S, pilot F/L R.H. Nesbitt), responding to a Mayday call, and which had apparently observed the first Sunderland crash from a distance of about 12 miles. U-921 avoided the five depth charges it dropped, but strafing wounded 3 men, including the commander, Oblt. Wolfgang Leu. Oblt. Leu got both wounded crewmen below as the boat was diving, then closed the hatch, sacrificing himself to prevent the boat sinking. U-921 reached Trondheim on 26 May under the command of the IWO. (An American submarine commander was awarded the Medal of Honor for the selfsame act of heroism in the Pacific).
9 Jul 1943
The boat was attacked by an aircraft on 9 July killing one and wounding two of its crew. [Matrose I Egon Döring]
20 Mar 1943
The commander was lost during a diving accident in the Baltic Sea. [Oberleutnant zur See Franz Saar (see right)]
26 May 1944
2 Mosquito aircraft (RAF 333/N/E) attacked the boat killing 1 and wounding 2 men. [Maschinenobergefreiter Herbert Frank]
27 Mar 1944
The inbound U-763 and U-960 were attacked by seven Mosquito aircraft (two Mk.XVIII from 618 Sqdn RAF and five Mk.VI from 248 Sqdn RAF) at the rendezvous point with their escort of two Sperrbrecher and four minesweepers off La Pallice. The Tsetse Mosquitos (L for Love, pilot F/O D. J. Turner and HX903/I Item, pilot F/O A. H. Hilliard) strafed U-960 and injured 14 crew members, four of them seriously, including the commander with a wound above the left knee. The boat claimed one aircraft probably shot down, and I Item was indeed badly damaged by a hit in the nose, but managed to reach base.
26 Mar 1944
While out off Brest, France the boat was attacked by an unidentified Allied aircraft, leaving 9 men wounded - two of them badly. The boat docked at Brest (not her base) the next day.
12 Aug 1944
One man was killed during an air attack on the base at Brest, France and another man was so severely wounded that he died a day later. [Bootsmaat Albrecht Sekula, Maschinenobergefreiter Helmut Laskosky]
21 Aug 1944
During a crash dive at night (0017hrs) in the Bay of Biscay a man was lost overboard. [Bootsmaat Hans Reiter]
6 Feb 1944
The IWO fell overboard and drowned. [Leutnant zur See Gustav-Günther Schoop]
20 Jul 1944
13.05 hrs, Norwegian Sea: a British Liberator bomber (RAF Sqdn 59/N, pilot FO D.A. Willows) on A/S patrol attacked after locating U-965 on radar. The Liberator passed two miles astern to take up a favourable attack position on the starboard beam. As it approached, the 37mm AA gun jammed on firing the first round and both men manning the 20mm twin gun on the port side were hit by machine gun fire [Matrosenhauptgefreiter Willibald Niederle died and Bootsmaat Lütjen was wounded]. Luckily for the U-boat, the depth charges failed to release when the Liberator passed over her stern because the lock-select lever was not fully engaged. U-965 then escaped by diving, and seven depth charges were dropped about 40 seconds afterwards. Two small streaks of oil, an oval life raft and two pieces of wood were sighted by the crew of the Liberator when it returned to the scene approx. 90 minutes later, but the U-boat was undamaged, and remained submerged until the aircraft departed. Mhg Niederle was buried at sea at 22.05 hrs.
22 Aug 1944
The boat was attacked by two RAF Martlet aircraft (modified Grumman Wildcat). Three men were killed and eight wounded. [Bootsmaat Kurt Pesch, Matrosengefreiter Heinz Schade, Maschinengefreiter Thiel]
12 Oct 1943
The boat lost a man overboard on 12 October in the North Atlantic. [Mechnikergfreiter Hans Brackert]
19 Jul 1944
11.40 hrs, Norwegian Sea west of Narvik, outbound: U-968 was depth charged twice by a British Liberator (RAF Sqdn 86/R, pilot F/L W.F.J. Harwood), causing minor damage. Strafing killed one AA gunner and wounded six more [Bootsmaat Werner Hahne]. The boat returned to Bogenbucht for repairs and to replace the casualties.
22 Jan 1944
A man was lost overboard in the North Atlantic. [Maschinenobergefreiter Hermann Keller]
7 Jun 1944
An attack from a British Leigh-light equipped Wellington (Sqdn 179, pilot W. J. Hill) in the Bay of Biscay caused minor damage. A B-24 Liberator and a flight of Mosquitos also took part, wounding the U-boat commander and forcing U-989 to return to base.
1 Jun 1944
During an air attack one man was killed and another wounded, who died a day later (Aulich). [Maschinenobergefreiter Matthias Giefing, Mechanikergefreiter Horst Aulich]
12 Sep 1944
One man from the boat died of jaundice in the North Atlantic. [Matrosenobergfreiter Wilhelm Lucksnat]
17 Jul 1944
The boat was attacked by a Norwegian Mosquito aircraft (Sqdn 333/L), the boat was damaged and 5 men were wounded. The boat reached Bergen the same day.
21 May 1944
An attack by a Canadian Sunderland aircraft (RCAF OTU Sqdn 4/S) wounded five men.
24 Feb 1945
The boat lost a man overboard in the Arctic Sea. [Bootsmaat Erich Sachse]
7 Feb 1944
During the boat's trials in the Baltic near Hela one man died when he fell overboard while transferring to an outpost boat (V-Boot). [Funkgefreiter Werner Guhl]
16 Sep 1944
The boat suffered casualties of two dead and three wounded in a Soviet air raid on the harbour of Libau in the Baltic.
27 Jun 1944
An accident took place during U-1018´s work-up period in the Baltic on 17 June which killed 1 man and wounded 2 from its crew. [Obersteuermann Walter Nellsen]
11 Apr 1944
On the U-1061 a lookout broke his leg during heavy weather.
23 Apr 1944
During the Baltic exercises the boat lost one man off Pillau. [Matrosengefreiter Alfred Friedl]
11 Oct 1944
Two men were killed and one wounded when a torpedo exploded on board.
17 May 1944
A crew member on U-1192 was wounded when the 3,7 cm anti-aircraft gun exploded.
29 May 1944
During the Baltic exercises the boat lost one man after crash diving north of Danzig. [Maschinengefreiter Johann Igel]
25 Sep 1944
One man was lost overboard from the boat. It seems that he jumped overboard in the North Atlantic after a punishment for sleeping on the watch. [Matrosengefreiter Emil-Heinz Motyl]
18 Sep 1944
At 22.53 hours, the boat was attacked by a Leigh Light equipped British Liberator (224 Sqdn RAF/R, pilot FO P.M. Hill) in the Norwegian Sea. Six depth charges were dropped, but most overshoot and only one fell close enough to cause minor damage. U-1228 immediately crash dived after the attack, but the Schnorchel had been damaged and this resulted in a carbon monoxide poisoning of the crew, forcing the boat to abort its patrol. One man died. [Matrosenobergefreiter Matthias Mittler]
17 Sep 1944
One crewmember took his own life with a pistol in the port of Gotenhafen.
8 Apr 1945
The commander, Kptlt. d. Res Gert Mannesmann, died during an air raid on Hamburg.
3 May 1945
A rocket from a Beaufighter aircraft penetrated the control room, killing the commander and twelve of the crew. U-2503 was scuttled the following day.
3 May 1945
British Beaufighters from Sqdns 236 and 254 attacked U-2524, killing one man and leaving the boat severely damaged. She was scuttled later that day. The LI refused to leave and went down with the boat. [Oberleutnant (Ing) Werner Braun]
21 Apr 1945
During an air raid on Kiel the commander, Oblt. Erich Jewinski, was killed.
28 Apr 1945
After a misfiring of the 2cm AA machine gun on 28 April the I WO Oberleutnant zur See Wolfgang Schlett was killed instantly. The commander of the boat, Kapitänleutnant Hans Bungards, was heavily wounded and died next night in the Navy hospital at Travemünde.
21 Jan 1945
One man died in an accident. [Maschinengefreiter Rudi Grötzschel]
Total numer of losses:
586 men in 243 incidents (239 dead and 347 wounded)
Return to U-boat Crew Casualties