Convoy battles

SC-100

Sydney CB to UK (North Atlantic)

18 Sep 1942 - 25 Sep 1942

The Convoy24 ships
First sightingOn 18 Sep 1942 by U-599
Escorts

The American escort group A3 ( Cdr Heineman) consisting of the cutters Campbell and Spencer and the Canadian corvettes Weyburn, Lunenburg, Bittersweet, Mayflower, Rosthern, Trillium and Dauphin, and the British corvette Nasturtium.

Some of the escorts are just temporarily attached, as they are on their way to Operation Torch, the landing operation in North-Afrika.


U-boats

The wolfpack Lohs of 9 boats U-135 (Kptlt Praetorius), U-176 (Korvkpt Dierksen), U-259 (Kptlt Köpke), U-373 (Kptlt Loeser) *, U-410 (Kptlt Sturm), U-432 (Kptlt Schultze) *, U-569 (Kptlt Hinsch) *, U-599 (Kptlt Breithaupt), U-755 (Kptlt Göing) *

The wolfpack Pfeil of 8 boats: U-216 (Kptlt Schultz), U-221 (Kptlt Trojer) *, U-258 (Kptlt von Mässenhausen) *, U-356 (Kptlt Wallas), U-595 (Kptlt Quaet-Faslem), U-607 (Kptlt Mengersen), U-615 (Kptlt Kapitzky), U-617 (Kptlt Brandi) *

* U-boats that fired torpedo or used the deck gun


The battle

The B-Service is able to decode a course instruction concerning convoy SC-100. The gruppe Lohs is deployed accordingly and the convoy is detected on the 18th. The contact keeping U-boat is however immediately shaken off by evasive movement and the U-boats cannot attack in the night.

A gale prevents the following day the U-boats to attack and makes it difficult to approach, but also some merchant ships have trouble to keep up with the convoy. After the failure of the boats of gruppe Lohs to re-establish contact in the previous night, the gruppe Pfeil is now also thrown into the pursuit.

On the 20 the U-596 and U-373 make contact and have misses on escorts, but U-596 manages to sink one ship from the convoy. The weather is deteriorating rapidly and makes further attacks impossible. The operation is temporarily broken off on the 22th, when convoy RB-1 is sighted by gruppe Vorwärts and the favourably positioned boats leave for that convoy.

Some boats continue the operation and in the night of the 22th U-617 sinks one ship from the convoy. There are a lot of merchants who have fallen behind of the convoy in the bad weather. U-617 sinks two and U-432 one straggler. Further attacks from U-221, U-258 and U-755 have no success and the operation is finally broken off on the 25th.

Article compiled by Tom Linclau

Ships hit from convoy SC-100


Date U-boat Commander Name of ship Tons Nat.
20 Sep 1942U-596Gunter Jahn Empire Hartebeeste5,676br
23 Sep 1942U-617Albrecht Brandi Athelsultan8,882br
23 Sep 1942U-617Albrecht Brandi Tennessee2,342br
24 Sep 1942U-432Heinz-Otto Schultze Pennmar5,868am
24 Sep 1942U-617Albrecht Brandi Roumanie3,563be
 26,331

5 ships sunk (26,331 tons).

Legend
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Locations of ships hit from SC-100.

sunk ship. attack on U-boat.

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48 convoys on route SC were hit by U-boats in the war. Read more about them.


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