List of all U-boats

U-860

Type

IXD2

 
Ordered5 Jun 1941
Laid down15 Jun 1942 AG Weser, Bremen (werk 1066)
Launched23 Mar 1943
Commissioned12 Aug 1943Korvkpt. Paul Büchel
Commanders
12 Aug 1943 - 15 Jun 1944  FrgKpt. Paul Büchel
Career
1 patrol
12 Aug 1943-31 Mar 1944  4. Flottille (training)
1 Apr 1944-15 Jun 1944  12. Flottille (active service)
SuccessesNo ships sunk or damaged
Fate

Sunk 15 June 1944 in the South Atlantic south of St. Helena, in position 25.27S, 05.30W, by depth charges and rockets from 7 Avenger and Wildcat aircraft (Task Group 22.10) of the US escort carrier USS Solomons. 42 dead and 20 survivors.

Loss position

View the 1 war patrol

Attacks on this boat and other events

21 Apr 1944
Two men died when they were stranded topside during an emergency dive to avoid an incoming aircraft. [Matrosengefreiter Alfons Robalewsky, Bootsmaat Rudolf Versic]

15 Jun 1944
Aircraft attack, aircraft shot down: American Avenger (USN Sqdn. VC-9, pilot Ens G.E. Edwards Jr)

12.21 hrs, South Atlantic approx. 575 miles south of St. Helena: attack by a Grumman Avenger from USS Solomons. The aircraft made four attack runs, and was shot down on the last, crashing into the sea and killing the crew of three. Its contact report resulted in more air attacks from the carrier, which sank U-860.

(Sources: Franks/Zimmerman)

15 Jun 1944
Aircraft attack, aircraft shot down: American Avenger (USN Sqdn VC-9 USN, pilot Lt (jg) W.F. Chamberlain)

The sinking of U-860At 19.22 hours, the boat was located by an Avenger from USS Solomons, which immedately sent reinforcements. Three attacks commenced at 19.46 hours and sank U-860 7 minutes later. The first was a co-ordinated strafing and rocket attack by two Avengers (Lt Cdr H.M. Avery and Ens M.J. Spear) and two Wildcats (Ens T.J. Wadsworth and Ens R.E. McMahon). Wadsworth had to return to the carrier due to an AA hit in a drop tank. A similar attack by McMahon and another Avenger (Lt (jg) D.E. Weigle) then followed. Rocket hits were scored in both attacks, and another Avenger (Lt (jg) W.F. Chamberlain) then dropped two depth charges, covered by a strafing run from Lt Cdr Avery. Flak damage and the explosions of the depth charges directly forward of the conning tower set the Avenger on fire, and it ditched in the sea ahead of the boat. U-860 then sank, leaving 30-40 survivors in the water. USS Straub and USS Herzog arrived during the night and rescued 20 German survivors, including the commander, but no trace of the Avenger crew could be found.

(Sources: Franks/Zimmerman)

3 recorded attacks on this boat.

General notes on this boat

24 Oct 1943. On 24th Oct 1943 Reichsminister Albert Speer was aboard this U-boat during her dive tests.

Men lost from the boat

21 Apr 1944
Two men died when they were stranded topside during an emergency dive to avoid an incoming aircraft. [Matrosengefreiter Alfons Robalewsky, Bootsmaat Rudolf Versic]

  Related: For more info on such losses see - Men lost from U-boats -

U-boat Emblems

We have 1 emblem entry for this boat. See the emblem page for this boat or view emblems individually below.


Armored Hand with Spear

Media links


U-Boat Operations of the Second World War - Vol 2

Wynn, Kenneth


Hitler's U-boat War, Vol II

Blair, Clay


German U-Boat Losses During World War II

Niestle, Axel