Events on this day

1 July

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This is a run-down from several databases on our site. It's meant to give a clear picture of events on this date, all year round.

U-boat Shipyard report

Ordered (0) Laid down (14) Launched (3) Commissioned (6)
No U-boat orders on this date1935: U-17
1937: U-40
1939: U-116, U-117
1940: U-88
1941: U-185, U-447, U-448, U-468, U-520, U-621, U-622
1942: U-284, U-926
1935: U-2
1941: U-159
1942: U-528
1941: U-131
1942: U-414, U-707
1943: U-986
1944: U-822, U-2322
These are commissioned boats. For more see our Shipyard pages.

Allied Ships hit on this date


 U-boatCommanderName of shipTonsCountryConvoy
1940 
 U-102Klot-HeydenfeldtClearton 5,219   brSL-36
 U-26ScheringerZarian (d)4,871   brOA-175
 U-29SchuhartAdamastos 7,466   gr
 U-30LempBeignon 5,218   brSL-36
 U-65StockhausenAmstelland (d)8,156   nlOA-175
1941 
 U-108ScholtzToronto City 2,486   br
1942 
 U-126BauerWarrior 7,551   am
 U-129WittCadmus 1,855   nw
 U-202LinderCity of Birmingham 5,861   am
 U-97BürgelMarilyse Moller 786   br
1943 
 U-513GuggenbergerTutoya 1,125   bz
 50,594
* Unless otherwise noted the ships listed here were sunk. (d) = damaged

See all Allied ships hit by U-boats during WWII.

Attacks on this day

1940

U-26. The sinking of U-26

On the evening of 30 June U-26 sighted convoy OA 175 SSW of Ireland, reported its position, and overtook the convoy to set up a night attack. Lookouts on the convoy commodore's ship had apparently sighted the U-boat shortly before it dived, and the sole escort, HMS Gladiolus (K 34) (LtCdr H.M.C. Sanders, RNR), went to investigate. At 01.18 hrs on 1 July the surfaced U-boat torpedoed the Zarian, causing the corvette to return at full speed. U-26 was unable to evade the approaching escort on the surface due to problems with the diesel engines, and was forced to dive. The Asdic operators on HMS Gladiolus got a firm contact at a range of 1200 yds (1097m) and she dropped the first depth charges only ten minutes after Zarian was hit, followed by a second pattern shortly afterwards. U-26 had dived to 80m (262ft) and suffered severe damage; one of the aft ballast tanks flooding uncontrollably and causing the U-boat to sink by the stern to a depth of 230m (755ft). The corvette made four more attacks, using up nearly all available depth charges, retaining only five, and then stopped amidst a large patch of diesel oil and waited for the U-boat to surface while calling for assistance. With the starboard electric motor and one compressor out of action, U-26 was finally forced to surface after six hours, only 800 yards from the corvette, but remained unseen and managed to escape undetected.

At 08.15 hrs, Sunderland Mk.I P9603 (10 Sqn RAAF/H, pilot F/L W.N. Gibson) sighted the fleeing U-26 and dropped four 250 lb (113 kg) anti-submarine bombs as it dived, forcing the U-boat to surface again almost at once. The Sunderland attacked again, dropping a second stick of four bombs that detonated about 40m (130ft) away. HMS Gladiolus had sighted a cloud of smoke from the U-boat diesels simultaneously with the aircraft and made for it at top speed, but HMS Rochester (L 50) (Cdr G.F. Renwick, RN), arriving from the dispersed convoy OB 174, was faster. Unable to dive, the crew of U-26 prepared the boat for scuttling and began to abandon ship, when the sloop approached, firing over their heads in an attempt to discourage them from scuttling. The LI was the last out as the boat went down by the stern. The entire crew was picked up by the sloop and taken prisoner.

1942

U-97. HMS Burra located U-97 and dropped three depth charges a few minutes after the U-boat had sunk Marilyse Moller approx 27 miles (43 km) west of Rafah, Palestine. (ADM 199/1273)


U-boats lost


1940: U-102 +, U-26

43 men died when those 2 U-boats were lost on this date. 48 men survived.

Survivors from U-boats almost always landed in allied captivity.
U-boats marked with + were lost with all hands.

- For more information on U-boat losses check out our Fates section.


U-boat Men Lost or Wounded

There were no men lost from U-boats on this date, 1 July.

- For more information on Men lost from U-boats check out this page.


Personnel Information

The following men were born on this day:
Friedrich Bothe (1917), Hans Bungards (1917), Wolfgang Heibges (1922), Hans-Werner Kraus (1915), Rudolf Meinlschmidt (1921).

The following men died on this day:
Harro von Klot-Heydenfeldt (1940).

See the entire U-boat commander listing showing all U-boat commanders.
We might include more officers (Allied and Axis) at a later date.


U-boat departures and arrivals on 1 July

This section shows the U-boat departures and arrivals from bases on this day of the year. Current country names shown with harbour names. Boats entering port display days at sea during that patrol.


1940



U-boats entering base:
To Bergen, Norway: U-61 (26 days)
To Kiel, Germany: U-46 (31 days)
To Wilhelmshaven, Germany: U-32 (29 days)


1941



U-boats entering base:
To Brest, France: U-371 (27 days)
To Lorient, France: U-43 (52 days)


1942


Sailed:
From Salamis, Greece: U-371

U-boats entering base:
To St. Nazaire, France: U-96 (70 days), U-406 (58 days)


1943


Sailed:
From Brest, France: U-628 (lost 3 days later), U-648
From Lorient, France: U-505, U-514 (lost 8 days later)

U-boats entering base:
To Toulon, France: U-73 (20 days)


1944


Sailed:
From Bergen, Norway: U-276, U-677
From Kiel, Germany: U-855, U-1061
From Kristiansand: U-999
From Tama: UIT-25
From Vallöy: U-637

U-boats entering base:
To Bergen, Norway: U-982 (3 days)
To Bogenbucht U-739 (2 days)
To Brest, France: U-212 (4 days)
To Kiel, Germany: U-242 (3 days), U-348 (6 days), U-370 (3 days), U-479 (4 days), U-679 (3 days)
To Kristiansand U-975 (2 days)
To Narvik, Norway: U-921 (2 days), U-995 (2 days)
To St. Nazaire, France: U-672 (4 days)


U-boats at sea on 1 July

Boats entering port on this day are not counted, but boats departing for patrol are. (+) indicates the boat was lost during this patrol.

1940

U-28, U-29, U-30, U-34, U-38, U-43, U-47, U-51, U-52, U-56, U-62, U-65, U-99, UA.
14 boats at sea.

1941

U-66, U-68, U-69, U-71, U-75, U-77, U-79, U-95, U-96, U-98, U-101, U-103, U-107, U-108, U-109, U-111, U-123, U-137, U-142, U-145, U-146, U-149, U-201, U-202, U-552, U-553, U-557, U-558, U-559, U-561, U-562, U-564, U-751, UA.
34 boats at sea.

1942

U-66, U-67, U-68, U-77, U-84, U-87, U-88, U-89, U-90 (+), U-97, U-107, U-116, U-126, U-128, U-129, U-132, U-134, U-135, U-136 (+), U-153 (+), U-154, U-156, U-159, U-160, U-161, U-166 (+), U-171 (+), U-172, U-173, U-201, U-202, U-203, U-215 (+), U-251, U-255, U-332, U-334, U-355, U-372, U-373, U-375, U-376, U-379 (+), U-402, U-404, U-408, U-432, U-437, U-453, U-456, U-457, U-458, U-459, U-460, U-461, U-502 (+), U-504, U-505, U-508, U-509, U-562, U-571, U-572, U-575, U-576 (+), U-578, U-582, U-584, U-597, U-653, U-657, U-701 (+), U-703, U-704, U-754 (+).
75 boats at sea.

1943

U-19, U-23, U-66, U-67 (+), U-81, U-84 (+), U-126 (+), U-134 (+), U-135 (+), U-154, U-155, U-159 (+), U-160 (+), U-170, U-172, U-177, U-178, U-180, U-181, U-185 (+), U-188, U-190, U-193, U-195, U-196, U-197 (+), U-198, U-199 (+), U-211, U-212, U-221, U-228, U-232 (+), U-257, U-270, U-271, U-277, U-302, U-306, U-333, U-336, U-341, U-358, U-359 (+), U-375, U-380, U-382, U-386, U-406, U-409 (+), U-415, U-420, U-435 (+), U-453, U-455, U-458, U-462, U-466, U-487 (+), U-488, U-505, U-508, U-510, U-511, U-513 (+), U-514 (+), U-518, U-527 (+), U-530, U-535 (+), U-536, U-558 (+), U-565, U-571, U-572 (+), U-586, U-590 (+), U-591 (+), U-592, U-593, U-598 (+), U-600, U-603, U-604 (+), U-608, U-615 (+), U-617, U-618, U-622, U-628 (+), U-634 (+), U-641, U-642, U-648, U-653, U-662 (+), U-666, U-667, U-669, U-732, U-759 (+), U-951 (+), U-953.
103 boats at sea.

1944

U-19, U-20, U-107, U-129, U-154 (+), U-181, U-183, U-196, U-198 (+), U-214, U-218, U-233 (+), U-243 (+), U-247, U-307, U-309, U-313, U-315, U-344, U-354, U-361 (+), U-365, U-390 (+), U-394, U-396, U-480, U-516, U-530, U-534, U-537, U-539, U-543 (+), U-546, U-547, U-636, U-671, U-673, U-678, U-711, U-716, U-737, U-745, U-763, U-771, U-802, U-804, U-853, U-855, U-857, U-858, U-859 (+), U-861, U-862, U-953, U-956, U-965, U-984, U-992, U-994, U-1001, U-1060, U-1061, U-1062, U-1165, U-1191 (+), U-1222 (+).
66 boats at sea.

1945

U-530, U-977.
2 boats at sea.


General Events on 1 July

1940

U-52 refuelled from the German supply ship Bessel at Vigo, Spain.


1951

The former U-1202 was taken into service by the Norwegian navy as KNM Kinn.

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