|Ordered||25 Jan 1939|
|Laid down||11 May 1940||Bremer Vulkan-Vegesacker Werft, Bremen-Vegesack (werk 9)|
|Launched||22 Feb 1941|
|Commissioned||26 Apr 1941||Oblt. Friedrich Guggenberger|
|Successes||24 ships sunk, total tonnage 41,784 GRT|
1 auxiliary warship sunk, total tonnage 1,150 GRT
1 warship sunk, total tonnage 22,600 tons
1 ship damaged, total tonnage 6,671 GRT
1 ship a total loss, total tonnage 7,472 GRT
Sunk at 1130hrs on 9 Jan 1944 in the Mediterranean at Pola, in position 44.52N, 13.51E by US bombs. Raised on 22 April 1944. Broken up. 2 dead and 44 survivors.
Attacks on this boat and other events
30 Oct 1941
The boat was attacked by a British Catalina flying boat (RAF Sqdn 209/Z, pilot Denis E. Ryan) SW of Brest while enroute to cross the Straits of Gibraltar. A Hudson bomber (Sqdn 53, F/O Henry) also appeared and dropped depth charge. The boat was severely damaged and had to return to Brest. After hurried repairs the boat once more sailed for the Mediterranean. (Sources: Blair, vol 1, page 396)
13 Nov 1941
U-81, having recently entered the Mediterranean, learned the British Force H was passing through on its way to Gibraltar. She managed to intercept, and fired from extreme range to sink the aircraft carrier HMS Ark Royal. The destroyer escort delivered a punishing depth charge attack with 130 depth charges counted, but the boat escaped. (Sources: Blair, vol 1, page 396)
27 Jun 1943
U-81 had to retreat when shelled by coastal artillery after sinking Michalios three miles west of Latakia, Syria.
9 Jan 1944
The sinking of U-81: On 9 Jan, 1944, U-81 was making final preparations to leave at 16.00 hrs for its 18th war patrol when the harbour of Pola was hit by 319 tons of bombs dropped by 107 B-17 aircraft (2nd, 97th, 99th and 301st BG, 15th AAF) at 11.30 hrs. One bomb penetrated the hull of the U-boat near the aft torpedo hatch and passed completely through the pressure hull, killing two men on watch. The flooding of the stern compartments caused U-81 to settle so fast that the crew had no time to close the bulkhead to the control room and the U-boat sank capsizing to port in shallow waters.
4 recorded attacks on this boat.
Men lost from the boat
5 Apr 1942
On U-81 a crewman was injured during an accident.
Related: For more info on such losses see - Men lost from U-boats -
We have 1 emblem entry for this boat. See the emblem page for this boat or view emblems individually below.
There was another U-81 in World War One
That boat was launched from its shipyard on 24 Jun 1916 and commissioned into the Imperial Navy on 22 Aug 1916. The Naval war in WWI was brought to an end with the Armistice signed on 11 Nov, 1918. Read about SM U 81 during WWI.