|Ordered||15 Dec 1937|
|Laid down||15 Apr 1939||AG Weser, Bremen (werk 955)|
|Launched||2 Mar 1940|
|Commissioned||30 May 1940||Kptlt. Karl-Heinz Moehle|
|Successes||42 ships sunk, total tonnage 219,924 GRT|
1 auxiliary warship sunk, total tonnage 3,209 GRT
1 warship sunk, total tonnage 683 tons
5 ships damaged, total tonnage 39,584 GRT
1 auxiliary warship damaged, total tonnage 13,984 GRT
Taken out of service at Lorient, France 17 Jun 1944. Scuttled there 19 Aug 1944. Surrendered to France in 1945.
Post war information (see more post-war boats):
U-123 operated with the following Wolfpacks during its career:
Schlagetot (20 Oct 1941 - 23 Oct 1941)
Raubritter (1 Nov 1941 - 11 Nov 1941)
Störtebecker (16 Nov 1941 - 18 Nov 1941)
Spitz (22 Dec 1942 - 31 Dec 1942)
Jaguar (13 Jan 1943 - 24 Jan 1943)
Seeräuber (25 Mar 1943 - 30 Mar 1943)
Attacks on this boat and other events
23 Nov 1940
While attacking convoy OB 244 (4 ships sunk) the boat was seriously damaged by a collision with an unidentified object (probably a convoy vessel) and had to return to France for 50 days of repairs. (Sources: Blair, vol 1, page 208)
27 Jun 1941
Having torpedoed two ships from convoy SL 78, the boat was depth charged for 11 hours, but escaped by going very deep - down to 654 feet, below the range of the British depth charges. (Sources: Blair, vol 1, page 302)
12 Aug 1941
The boat was attacked by convoy escorts near Portugal. 126 depth charges were dropped, including 30 "close by" as reported by the Germans, but caused only moderate damage. The boat returned to France, having been at sea for over 60 days when this attack took place. (Sources: Blair, vol 1, page 336)
21 Oct 1941
After the British Armed Merchant Cruiser HMS Aurania launched a lifeboat by mistake on being damaged but not sunk by torpedoes from U-123, one seaman was rescued and taken on board as a POW. In the evening the boat suffered slight damage from two bombs dropped by a British Sunderland flying boat.
16 Jan 1942
00.01 hrs, off New York: the boat was surprised by an aircraft which dropped four bombs. All missed, and U-123 escaped undamaged by crash-diving. (Sources: KTB U-123)
19 Jan 1942
Kosmos II tried to ram the surfaced U-123 off Oregon Inlet. The U-boat was in shallow water, without any torpedoes left and one of the diesel engines out of order. The Germans managed to get the engine running when the ship was only 75m away and slowly out-distanced her at full speed.
27 Mar 1942
After being torpedoed by U-123 off the US east coast, the American Q-ship USS Atik (AK 101) took the Germans by surprise with their counter-attack. One man from U-123 was fatally wounded and the Q-ship was sunk with all hands. [Fähnrich zur See Rudi Holzer] (Sources: KTB U-123)
2 Apr 1942
During an attack on the American steam tanker Liebre in shallow water off North Carolina, the boat was forced to dive by a patrol vessel which then dropped a single depth charge. U-123 only escaped undamaged because the attack was not followed up. (Sources: KTB U-123)
11 Apr 1942
After sinking Gulfamerica the boat was located in shallow water by an aircraft which directed a destroyer to the position. At 09.17 hrs, six depth charges were dropped as U-123 was moving over the bottom at a depth of 20m, badly damaging her. The boat "played dead", and despite air bubbles escaping from damaged valves, no more depth charges were dropped by the destroyer, which left after an hour. Most of the damage could be repaired, and the boat continued the patrol. (Sources: KTB U-123)
25 Aug 1943
Depth charged off Finisterre by Allied escort vessels. Date is approximate. (Sources: Blair, vol 2, page 406)
7 Nov 1943
09.44 hrs, Bay of Biscay, inbound: the first recorded attack by a "TseTse" Mosquito aircraft (RAF Sqdn 618, pilot F/O Al Bonnett RCAF) equipped with a 57mm cannon scored a hit on the conning tower which left the boat with one dead, two wounded and unable to dive due to a hole measuring 18 x 6.5cm. [Bootsmaat Günther Struve] (Sources: Ritschel)
11 recorded attacks on this boat.
General notes on this boat
U-123 was one of the most famous U-boats in the war. U-123 took part in the opening of the Paukenschlag (Drumbeat) operations in January 1942 and completed two very successful patrols on the US east coast.
Men lost from the boat
27 Mar 1942
After being torpedoed by U-123 off the US east coast, the American Q-ship USS Atik (AK 101) took the Germans by surprise with their counter-attack. One man from U-123 was fatally wounded and the Q-ship was sunk with all hands. [Fähnrich zur See Rudi Holzer]
7 Nov 1943
09.44 hrs, Bay of Biscay, inbound: the first recorded attack by a "TseTse" Mosquito aircraft (RAF Sqdn 618, pilot F/O Al Bonnett RCAF) equipped with a 57mm cannon scored a hit on the conning tower which left the boat with one dead, two wounded and unable to dive due to a hole measuring 18 x 6.5cm. [Bootsmaat Günther Struve]
Related: For more info on such losses see - Men lost from U-boats -
We have 2 emblem entries for this boat. See the emblem page for this boat or view emblems individually below.
Drum being hit
There was another U-123 in World War One
That boat was launched from its shipyard on 26 Jan 1918 and commissioned into the Imperial Navy on 20 Jul 1918. The Naval war in WWI was brought to an end with the Armistice signed on 11 Nov, 1918. Read about the U 123 during WWI.