List of all U-boats




Ordered5 Jun 1941
Laid down15 Sep 1942 AG Weser, Bremen (werk 1069)
Launched29 Jun 1943
Commissioned3 Nov 1943Kptlt. Dietrich von der Esch
3 Nov 1943 - 29 Sep 1944  Kptlt. Dietrich von der Esch
1 patrol
3 Nov 1943-30 Jun 1944  4. Flottille (training)
1 Jul 1944-29 Sep 1944  12. Flottille (active service)
SuccessesNo ships sunk or damaged

Sunk 29 Sept, 1944 in the South Atlantic east-south-east of Recife, in position 10.45S, 25.30W, by depth charges from 2 US Liberator aircraft (VB-107/B-9). 69 dead (all hands lost).

Loss position

View the 1 war patrol

Attacks on this boat and other events

20 Jul 1944
A Norwegian Mosquito aircraft (Sqdn 333, pilot Rolf Leithe) attacked the boat with 57mm cannon fire and 2 depth charges. The boat suffered some damage and retreated to base for repairs, re-sailing on July 26. (Sources: Blair, vol 2, page 597)

1 recorded attack on this boat.

Men lost from U-boats

Unlike many other U-boats, which during their service lost men due to accidents and various other causes, U-863 did not suffer any casualties (we know of) until the time of her loss.

U-boat Emblems

We have 1 emblem entry for this boat. See the emblem page for this boat or view emblems individually below.


Media links

U-Boat Operations of the Second World War - Vol 2

Wynn, Kenneth

Hitler's U-boat War, Vol II

Blair, Clay

German U-Boat Losses During World War II

Niestle, Axel