Heinz-Joachim Neumann

Korvettenkapitän (Crew 30)

3 ships sunk, total tonnage 11,751 GRT
1 auxiliary warship sunk, total tonnage 14,650 GRT

Born  29 Apr 1909 Guben
Died  2 Jul 1976(67)

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1 Apr 1930 Offiziersanwärter
10 Oct 1930 Seekadett
1 Jan 1932 Fähnrich zur See
1 Apr 1934 Oberfähnrich zur See
1 Oct 1934 Leutnant zur See
1 Jun 1936 Oberleutnant zur See
1 Jun 1939 Kapitänleutnant
1 Jun 1943 Korvettenkapitän


U-boat Commands

U-372 19 Apr 1941 4 Aug 1942   6 patrols (156 days) 
U-371 6 Apr 1942 24 May 1942   1 patrol (19 days) (Acting CO)

Heinz-Joachim Neumann joined the Reichsmarine in 1930. He served on the Battleship Scharnhorst from Jan 1939 to June 1940 (Busch & Röll, 1999).

He went through U-boat training from July to Nov 1940 and then began his U-boat Commander training with the 24th (Training) Flotilla which he finished in Dec 1940 (Busch & Röll, 1999).

Kptlt. Heins-Joachim Neumann served in the BdU Staff Reserve until Jan 1941 when he was sent as a supernumerary Watch Officer (WO) to the U-52 (Kptlt. Otto Salman) until March 1941 (Busch & Röll, 1999). He went out on one patrol into the North Atlantic with the boat. They sank two ships (4,662 tons) during the 34 day patrol (Rohwer, 1998).

Upon leaving U-52 in March he began his U-boat familiarization (Baubelehrung) to prepare for his own command of a new boat. On 19 April 1941 he commissioned the new U-372 at Kiel (Busch & Röll, 1999). He then headed into the Baltic for the extensive training needed to prepare for the front (Busch & Röll, 1997).

First patrol as Commander

On 9 July 1941 Kptlt. Heinz-Joachim Neumann left Trondheim, Norway with the U-372. For his first two patrols he operated in the North Atlantic but on the third he was ordered to break into the Mediterranean through the Straits of Gibraltar. He would operate there for additional 3 patrols (Busch & Röll, 1999).

With the U-372 he would sink 4 ships for over 26,000 tons in total.

The British Submarine tender HMS Medway (F 25) sunk by U-372 (Neumann) on 30 June 1942.

He briefly commanded the U-371 as acting commander in April/ May 1942. On his 7th patrol his U-372 was sunk on 4 Aug 1942 south-west of Haifa by depth charges from the British destroyers HMS Sikh and HMS Zulu and the escort destroyers HMS Croome and HMS Tetcott and by depth charges from a British Wellington aircraft (221 Sqdn.). There were 48 survivors, no casualties (Niestlé, 1998).

Kptlt. Heinz-Joachim Neumann and his entire crew became prisoners of war (POW) (Busch & Röll, 1999).


Busch, R. and Röll, H-J. (1999). German U-boat commanders of World War II.
Busch, R. and Röll, H-J. (1997). Der U-Bootkrieg 1939-1945 (Band 2).
Niestlé, A. (1998). German U-boat losses during World War II.
Rohwer, J. (1998). Axis Submarine Successes of World War Two.

Patrol info for Heinz-Joachim Neumann

 U-boat Departure Arrival  
1. U-372 17 Jun 1941  Kiel  18 Jun 1941  Horten   2 days
2. U-372 22 Jun 1941  Horten  25 Jun 1941  Trondheim   4 days
3. U-372 9 Jul 1941  Trondheim  13 Aug 1941  Brest  Patrol 1,36 days
4. U-372 10 Sep 1941  Brest  13 Oct 1941  Brest  Patrol 2,34 days
5. U-372 13 Nov 1941  Brest  16 Dec 1941  La Spezia  Patrol 3,34 days
6. U-372 17 Jan 1942  La Spezia  31 Jan 1942  La Spezia  Patrol 4,15 days
7. U-371 21 Apr 1942  Salamis  9 May 1942  Salamis  Patrol 5,19 days
8. U-372 15 Jun 1942  La Spezia  12 Jul 1942  Salamis  Patrol 6,28 days
9. U-372 27 Jul 1942  Salamis  4 Aug 1942  Sunk  Patrol 7,9 days
10. U-921 24 May 1944  *at sea*  26 May 1944  Trondheim   3 days
7 patrols, 175 days at sea

Ships hit by Heinz-Joachim Neumann

Date U-boat Name of ship Tons Nat. Convoy
5 Aug 1941U-372 Belgravian3,136brSL-81
5 Aug 1941U-372 Swiftpool5,205brSL-81
19 Sep 1941U-372 Baron Pentland3,410brSC-42
30 Jun 1942U-372 HMS Medway (F 25)14,650br

4 ships sunk (26,401 tons).

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About ranks and decorations
Ranks shown in italics are our database inserts based on the rank dates of his crew comrades. The officers of each crew would normally have progressed through the lower ranks at the same rate.

Media links

German U-boat Commanders of World War II

Busch, Rainer and Röll, Hans-Joachim

Listing of all U-boat commanders

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