Events on this day

13 December

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This is a run-down from several databases on our site. It's meant to give a clear picture of events on this date, all year round.

U-boat Shipyard report

Ordered (0) Laid down (0) Launched (3) Commissioned (0)
No U-boat orders on this dateNo boats laid down on this date1941: U-258, U-441
1944: U-2355
No boats commissioned on this date
These are commissioned boats. For more see our Shipyard pages.

Allied Ships hit on this date


 U-boatCommanderName of shipTonsCountryConvoy
1939 
 U-38LiebeDeptford 4,101   br
 U-57KorthMina 1,173   es
1940 
 U-43LüthOrari (d)10,350   br
1941 
 U-431DommesMyriel (d)3,560   br
 U-453SchlippenbachBadalona 4,202   sp
1942 
 U-103JanssenHororata (d)13,945   br
 U-159WitteCity of Bombay 7,140   br
 U-176DierksenScania 1,629   sw
 46,100
* Unless otherwise noted the ships listed here were sunk. (d) = damaged

See all Allied ships hit by U-boats during WWII.

Attacks on this day

1943

U-73. During an attack against convoy GUS 24 in the Mediterranean, U-73 was rammed by a destroyer, resulting in the loss of the Flakvierling quadruple AA gun.

U-593. 00.30 hrs, Mediterranean, NE of Bougie, Algeria: the boat was attacked by Wellington aircraft MP816 (36 Sqn RAF/B, pilot F/O C.F. Parker) during the Swamp operation that followed the sinking of HMS Tynedale and HMS Holcombe by U-593 on 12 December. The aircraft approached the U-boat after radar contact but the Leigh Light failed and it was hit in the port wing and tailplane by very accurate AA fire. The tail gunner fired 600 rounds at U-593 and a sighting report was made that led to her sinking by the US destroyer USS Wainwright and the British escort destroyer HMS Calpe. The damaged Wellington landed safely at Bone. (Franks/Zimmerman)

1944

U-636. Four men were wounded when the machine gun exploded during an air attack.


U-boats lost


1943: U-391 +, U-593 , U-172
1944: U-365 +

114 men died when those 4 U-boats were lost on this date. 97 men survived.

Survivors from U-boats almost always landed in allied captivity.
U-boats marked with + were lost with all hands.

- For more information on U-boat losses check out our Fates section.


U-boat Men Lost or Wounded

1941

U-201
An explosion in Brest (France) harbor killed 1 man, Maschinenobergefreiter Josef Zander.

- For more information on Men lost from U-boats check out this page.


Personnel Information

The following men were born on this day:
Wolfgang Hermann (1908), Walter Kasparek (1921), Wilhelm Luis (1915), Heinrich Pahls (1919), Reinhart Reche (1915).

The following men died on this day:
Gert Dültgen (1943), Diether Todenhagen (1944).

See the entire U-boat commander listing showing all U-boat commanders.
We might include more officers (Allied and Axis) at a later date.


U-boat departures and arrivals on 13 December

This section shows the U-boat departures and arrivals from bases on this day of the year. Current country names shown with harbour names. Boats entering port display days at sea during that patrol.


1939

Sailed:
From Kiel, Germany: U-22

U-boats entering base:
To Kiel, Germany: U-20 (7 days)


1941


Sailed:
From Brest, France: U-202
From Kiel, Germany: U-581, U-653

U-boats entering base:
To Lorient, France: U-105 (36 days), U-126 (81 days)


1942


Sailed:
From Brest, France: U-441
From La Pallice: U-620
From Narvik, Norway: U-209

U-boats entering base:
To Bergen, Norway: U-376 (4 days)
To Lorient, France: U-118 (32 days)


1944


Sailed:
From Kiel, Germany: U-825
From Trondheim, Norway: U-737 (lost 7 days later)


U-boats at sea on 13 December

Boats entering port on this day are not counted, but boats departing for patrol are. (+) indicates the boat was lost during this patrol.

1939

U-13, U-22, U-23, U-28, U-29, U-30, U-38, U-43, U-47, U-48, U-57, U-60, U-61.
13 boats at sea.

1940

U-37, U-43, U-52, U-65, U-94, U-96, U-100, U-140.
8 boats at sea.

1941

U-43, U-67, U-68, U-74, U-77, U-83, U-86, U-107, U-108, U-124, U-127 (+), U-128, U-129, U-130, U-131 (+), U-202, U-332, U-371, U-372, U-374, U-375, U-431, U-432, U-434 (+), U-453, U-557 (+), U-559, U-562, U-565, U-566, U-568, U-569, U-573, U-574 (+), U-575, U-576, U-581, U-584, U-653, UA.
40 boats at sea.

1942

U-24, U-67, U-81, U-83, U-86, U-91, U-92, U-103, U-105, U-106, U-109, U-123, U-124, U-125, U-126, U-128, U-129, U-130, U-134, U-135, U-154, U-155, U-159, U-161, U-163, U-164 (+), U-172, U-174, U-175, U-176, U-177, U-178, U-181, U-182 (+), U-183, U-185, U-203, U-211, U-212, U-214, U-217, U-221, U-225, U-257, U-301, U-336, U-356 (+), U-371, U-373, U-375, U-380, U-384, U-405, U-409, U-410, U-432, U-435, U-439, U-440, U-441, U-443, U-445, U-453, U-455, U-460, U-461, U-463, U-465, U-507 (+), U-508, U-513, U-514, U-515, U-518, U-519, U-524, U-552, U-553, U-561, U-562, U-563, U-564, U-565, U-569, U-591, U-592, U-593, U-600, U-602, U-604, U-609, U-610, U-615, U-618, U-620, U-621, U-623, U-626 (+), U-628, U-653, U-657, U-659, U-663, U-664, U-706, U-757, U-758, UD-3.
108 boats at sea.

1943

U-9, U-68, U-73 (+), U-92, U-103, U-107, U-129, U-154, U-155, U-170, U-178, U-190, U-193, U-219, U-223, U-228, U-230, U-269, U-270, U-275, U-277, U-284 (+), U-302, U-305 (+), U-311, U-354, U-358, U-364 (+), U-382, U-387, U-390, U-392, U-415, U-421, U-424, U-445, U-471, U-510, U-515, U-516, U-530, U-541, U-543, U-544 (+), U-545 (+), U-565, U-596, U-618, U-625, U-629, U-636, U-641 (+), U-653, U-667, U-672, U-734, U-741, U-744, U-761, U-801, U-843, U-846, U-850 (+), U-952, U-960, U-962, U-972 (+), U-976, U-981.
69 boats at sea.

1944

U-181, U-195, U-244, U-248 (+), U-278, U-286, U-293, U-295, U-296, U-299, U-310, U-313, U-318, U-322 (+), U-325, U-396, U-400 (+), U-427, U-481, U-485, U-486, U-636, U-637, U-650 (+), U-668, U-679 (+), U-680, U-722, U-737 (+), U-772 (+), U-773, U-775, U-806, U-843, U-862, U-869 (+), U-870, U-877 (+), U-905, U-956, U-958, U-965, U-978, U-979, U-991, U-995, U-997, U-1003, U-1009, U-1020 (+), U-1053, U-1055, U-1163, U-1202, U-1209 (+), U-1223, U-1227, U-1228, U-1230, U-1231, U-1232.
61 boats at sea.


General Events on 13 December

1942

British codebreakers cracked the Shark cipher (KM: Triton) used by the 4-wheel Enigma machine. This restored the strategic advantage in the Battle of the Atlantic to the Allies, following the success of new Wolfpack tactics. The BdU habit of transmitting orders at the start of patrols meant the Wolfpacks could be countered.

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