Panamanian Steam merchant
|Completed||1910 - Newport News Shipbuilding & Dry Dock Co, Newport News VA|
|Owner||US Lines Inc, New York|
|Date of attack||13 Apr 1942||Nationality: Panamanian|
|Fate||Sunk by U-435 (Siegfried Strelow)|
|Position||73° 28'N, 28° 30'E - Grid AC 4662|
|Complement||41 (20 dead and 21 survivors).|
|Route||Murmansk - Reykjavik - New York|
|Cargo||A part cargo of chrome ore as ballast|
|History||Completed in December 1910 as steam merchant El Occidente for Morgan Line (Southern Pacific SS Co), New York. In May 1917 requisitioned by the US Army and used as transport to France until the vessel was taken over by the US Navy in August 1918. Assigned as animal transport USS El Occidente (ID # 3307) to the Naval Overseas Transportation Service, she made three more voyage to France. In March 1919 decommissioned and returned to the owner by the US Shipping Board (USSB). On 7 Jul 1941, the ship was purchased by the US Maritime Commission, registered in Panama and turned over to US Lines Inc under a GAA agreement at Galveston, Texas. |
|Notes on event|
On 30 Jan 1942 the El Occidente (Master Olaf Nannestad) had left Boston, stopping at Halifax on 1 February. She left Halifax in convoy HX-174 six days later and after arrival at Clyde River left on 23 February, arriving in Reykjavik six days later. On 1 March, the vessel (now armed and with British gunners on board) left in convoy PQ-12 for Murmansk, arriving on 13 March. After discharging her cargo, she left in the convoy QP-10 on 10 April.
At 01.29 hours on 13 April, the El Occidente was hit by one or two torpedoes from U-435 in the engine room nearly breaking her in two. The vessel sank stern first within two minutes, so fast that there was no time to launch lifeboats. The survivors were forced to jump overboard and were picked up by HMS Speedwell (LtCdr J.J. Youngs, RNR) about 30 minutes later. Nine bodies were also picked up and later buried at sea. The survivors were landed at Reykjavik from where they were eventually repatriated to the US aboard the American steam merchants Capulin and Artigas.
|On board||We have details of 4 people who were on board.|
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