Events on this day
This page is our compilation of data from several different databases. All data shown here is dynamic, but is accurate according to the information we have right now. Although content is still being added daily, more than 75% of the launched and commissioned data is already in place, so this section is almost complete.
The Shipyard Report
Laid down (22)
1916: Heavy cruiser Frobisher (D 81)
1942: Patrol craft PC-599 (PC-599)
1943: Destroyer Escort Delbert W. Halsey (DE 310) - Destroyer Escort Ely (DE 309) - Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-462 (LCI(L)-462) - Tank landing ship LST 283 (LST 283) - Minesweeper Nimble (AM 266) - Frigate Orlando (PF-99) - Patrol craft PC-1219 (PC-1219) - Motor torpedo boat PT 488
1944: Landing craft tank LCT 1205 (LCT 1205) - Landing craft tank LCT 1206 (LCT 1206) - Landing craft tank LCT 1261 (LCT 1261) - Landing craft tank LCT 1336 (LCT 1336) - Landing craft tank LCT 807 (LCT 807) - Landing craft tank LCT 849 (LCT 849) - Medium landing ship LSM 247 (LSM 247)
1905: Tug Guardsman
1909: MS Trawler Newhaven, N.B. (FY 820)
1913: MS Trawler Walwyns Castle (FY 866)
1920: Destroyer Pruitt (DM 22)
1924: Large destroyer Tigre
1929: Landing Ship Infantry Princess Astrid (4.226)
1936: Submarine L-13
1939: ASW Trawler Cape Finisterre
1943: Minesweeper BYMS 2064 (J 864) - Patrol vessel Kilham (Z 07) - Escort Carrier Queen (D 19) - Destroyer Escort Lansing (DE 388) - Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-443 (LCI(L)-443) - Patrol craft PC-820 (PC-820) - Escort carrier St. Andrews (CVE 49)
1944: Frigate Transvaal (K 602) - Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-787 (LCI(L)-787) - Landing craft tank LCT 1202 (LCT 1202) - Landing craft tank LCT 1333 (LCT 1333) - Tank landing ship LST 591 (LST 591)
1920: Destroyer MacLeish (DD 220)
1931: Submarine Rys
1940: Corvette Peony (K 40)
1944: Motor Launch ML 870 (ML 870) - Motor minesweeper MMS 1044 (FY 1044) - Motor Torpedo Boat MTB 406 (MTB 406) - Destroyer Escort Haas (DE 424) - Medium landing ship LSM 318 (LSM 318) - Tank landing ship LST 583 (LST 583) - Tank landing ship LST 712 (LST 712) - Tank landing ship LST 929 (LST 929) - Destroyer Van Valkenburgh (DD 656)
Laid down means that the ship's construction was officially started by laying down the keel (often just a single steel beam but could also mean the first of many pre-fabricated sections).
Launched means that the ship was launched from its shipyard, it then began its fitting out period (installation of smaller systems, weapons etc.) - in many yards the ships were launched very complete and needed little work afterwards.
Commissioned is when the navy takes the ship officially over and gives command of it to its new captain.
War Losses on 2 August (4)
1940: ASW Trawler Cape Finisterre
1941: Submarine S-11
1943: Motor torpedo boat PT 109
1944: Destroyer Escort Fiske (i) (DE 143)
More information on Allied Warships losses.
General Events on 2 August
Submarine HNMS O 22: O 22 (Lt.Cdr. J.W. Ort, RNN) fires two torpedoes against a submarine in the North Sea in position 56°15'N, 02°35'E. The submarine in question was either the German U-37 or more likely U-38. 1620 hours - In position 56°15'N, 02°35'E attacked a German U-boat with two torpedoes. Range was 5000 yards. No explosions were heard but the enemy submarine was seen to alter course to Starboard and to increase speed.
Submarine HNMS O 15: HrMs O 15 (Lt. H.M.L.F.E. van Oostrom Soede, RNN) departed Bermuda for Halifax.
Submarine HMS Trident: HMS Trident (Lt.Cdr. G.M. Sladen, RN) ended her 11th war patrol at Rosyth.
Submarine HMS Tigris: HMS Tigris (Lt.Cdr. H.F. Bone, RN) arrived at Falmouth.
Submarine HNMS O 23: HrMs O 23 (Lt.Cdr. G.B.M. van Erkel, RNN) departed Gibraltar for her 13th war patrol (2nd in the Mediterranean). She was to patrol in the Tyrrhenian Sea. For the daily and attack positions of HrMs O 23 during this patrol see the map below. Ver HrMs O 23 13th war patrol click here for bigger map
Submarine HMS Torbay: At 1930 hours (time zone -3) HMS Torbay (Lt.Cdr. A.C.C. Miers, RN) departed from Alexandria with orders to patrol in the Gulf of Sirte. (This is HMS Torbay's 4th Mediterranean War Patrol) For the daily positions of HMS Torbay during this patrol see the map below. HMS Torbay 5th war patrolclick here for bigger map
Light cruiser HMS Hermione: The Italian submarine Tembien was rammed and sunk south-east of Pantelleria Island in position 36°21'N, 12°40'E by the British light cruiser HMS Hermione (Capt. G.N. Oliver, RN).
Submarine USSR L-5: L-5 lays a minefield off Mangalia, Romania.
Submarine HNMS O 21: HrMs O 21 (Lt.Cdr. J.F. van Dulm, RNN) is docked at Kames Bay, Cumbrae Island.
Submarine HNMS O 23: HrMs O 23 (Lt.Cdr. A.M. Valkenburg, RNN) attacked a Japanese convoy and torpedoed and heavily damaged the Japanese army cargo ship Zenyo Maru (6440 GRT, built 1937, offsite link) about 30 nautical miles North-West of Penang, Malaya in position 05°36'N, 99°48'E. The Japanese ship burns out and was later towed to Singapore. She was declared a total loss. (All times are zone -6) 0840 hours - Sighted a convoy made up of one armed merchant with guns forward and aft that was acting as escort. This ship was followed by four merchant vessels. Started attack. 0926 hours - In position 05°33'N, 99°48'E fired one torpedo on the first merchant ship behind the escort from 800 yards. Unfortunately the torpedo ran straight to the bottom and detonated 7 seconds after firing. No damage was caused to O 23. After this explosion the escort immediately turned away followed by the first merchant ship. 0930 hours - The second merchant ship however waited several minutes so this was fired upon with two torpedoes from the training torpedo tubes. Range was 900 yards. Two faint explosions were heard 50 and 60 seconds after firing which was the correct running range. 0935 hours - Two stern torpedoes were fired on the last ship from 1000 yards. A huge explosion occured amidships on thuis ship 60 seconds after firing. This ship was at once full ablaze. The other ships were now seen to have turned to the North. Depth charges were dropped at irregular intervals most likely by the escort. As the ship that was hit did not appeared to be sinking it was decided to finish it off with the deck gun. However the escort turned back and dropped depth charges, some of which were quite close. The gun attack was abandoned and O 23 went deep and cleared the area.
Submarine USS Sargo: USS Sargo (Lt.Cdr. R.V. Gregory) ended her 4th war patrol when she returned to Fremantle.
Submarine USS Seadragon: USS Seadragon (Lt.Cdr. W.E. Ferrall) ended her 3rd war patrol at Fremantle.
Submarine HMS Una: HMS Una (Lt. C.P Norman, RN) ended her 10th war patrol (8th in the Mediterranean) at Malta.
Submarine HMS P 222: HMS P 222 (Lt.Cdr. A.J. MacKenzie, RN) departed Gibraltar for her 3rd war patrol. She was ordered to patrol in and off the Sicilian Channel to give cover during convoy operation 'Pedestal'. For the daily positions of HMS P 222 during this patrol see the map below. HMS P 222 3rd war patrol click here for bigger map
Submarine HNMS O 21: HrMs O 21 (Lt.Cdr. J.F. van Dulm, RNN) lands a party (party No. 2) to reconnoitre a possible landing place in the Pang Pang Bay. They are back on board after nearly 2 hours. (All times are (most likely) zone -8) 0550 hours - Dived and returned to the Pang Pang Bay. It was not possible to enter the bay due to the bad visibility. 1600 hours - Enter the bay. 1830 hours - Bottomed in 14.5 meters of water. 1920 hours - Surfaced. 2015 hours - Land party no. 2 to reconnoitre the landing area. Two small fishing vessels are laying on the beach nearby. 2150 hours - Party no. 2 returned. They had seen no Japanese.
Submarine USS Sturgeon: USS Sturgeon (Lt.Cdr. H.A. Piaczentkowski) ended her 7th war patrol at Midway.
Submarine USS Guardfish: USS Guardfish (Lt.Cdr. N.G. Ward) ended her 5th war patrol at Brisbane.
Submarine USS Wahoo: USS Wahoo (Cdr. D.W. Morton) departed from Pearl Harbor for her 6th war patrol. She was ordered to patrol in the Sea of Japan.
Submarine HMS Seadog: HMS Seadog (Lt. C.R. Pelly, RN) arrived at Holy Loch.
Submarine HMS Tribune: HMS Tribune (Lt.Cdr. W.N. Eade, RNR) arrived at Rothesay to start her role as training boat.
Submarine HMS Thrasher: HMS Thrasher (Lt.Cdr. A.R. Hezlet, DSC, RN) departed Kames Bay for Loch Corrie (Loch a' Choire). On board was still one Welman midget submarine but two others had to be embarked from HMS Titania that was moored at Loch Corrie (Port HHX). Thrasher was escorted by HMS Angle (T/Lt. A.L. Kerr, RNVR).
Submarine HMS Trooper: HMS Trooper (Lt. G.S.C. Clarabut, RN) ended her 6th war patrol at Beirut.
Submarine HMS Templar: HMS Templar (Lt. D.J. Beckley, DSO, RN) ended her 3rd war patrol (2nd in the Mediterranean) at Algiers.
Submarine USS S-41: On or around this day USS S-41 (Lt. I.S. Hartman) ended her 7th war patrol. She is now assigned to training duties.
Rescue Tug HMS Masterful: The British merchant City of Oran was torpedoed and damaged by German U-boat U-196 about 100 nautical miles northeast of Memba Bay, Tanganyika in position 13°45'S, 41°16'E. The wreck of the City of Oran was later scuttled by gunfire of the British rescue tug HMRT Masterful. The 86 survivors were also picked up by this tug.
Submarine USS Tautog: USS Tautog (Lt.Cdr. T.S. Baskett) torpedoed and sank the Japanese transport Konei Maru (1992 GRT) off Miki Saki, Honshu, Japan in position 33°57'N, 136°20'E.
Submarine USS Flier: USS Flier (Cdr. J.D. Crowley) departed from Fremantle for her 2nd war patrol. She was ordered to patrol in the South China Sea off the coast of French Indo-China
Submarine HMS Una: HMS Una (Lt. A.G. Chandler, RNR) conducted A/S exercises off Campbeltown with HMS Bamborough Castle (T/Lt. M.S. Work, DSC and Bar, RNR) and HMCS Arnprior (T/Lt. S.D. Thom, DSC, RCNVR).
Submarine HMS Shalimar: HMS Shalimar (Lt. W.G. Meeke, DSC, MBE, RN) was undocked.
Submarine HMS Supreme: HMS Supreme (Lt. T.E. Barlow, RN) departed Holy Loch for her 1st war patrol. This is an anti-uboat patrol in the Northern North Sea. She made the passage North through the Minches escorted by HMS Sardonyx (A/Lt.Cdr. T.A. Easton, RNVR). For the daily positions of HMS Supreme during this patrol see the map below. HMS Supreme 1st war patrol click here for bigger map
Submarine HMS Selene: HMS Selene (Lt.Cdr. H.R.B. Newton, DSC, RN) was docked at Holy Loch.
Submarine HMS Trusty: HMS Trusty (Lt. L.E. Herrick, DSO, RN) conducts attack exercises for the Commanding Officer Qualifying Course with HMS Swiftsure (Capt. R.D. Oliver, CBE, DSC, RN).
Submarine HMS Thule: HMS Thule (Lt. A.C.G. Mars, DSO, DSC, RN) departed from Holy Loch for her 1st war patrol (work-up patrol). She is to patrol in the North Atlantic. Main purpose of this patrol is to test new equipment for submarines, LORAN (Long Range Navigation, a radio navigation system) and radar decoy balloons. For the daily positions of HMS Thule during this patrol see the map below. HMS Thule 1st war patrolclick here for bigger map
Submarine HMS Tantalus: HMS Tantalus (Lt.Cdr. H.S. Mackenzie, DSO and Bar, RN) ended her 4th war patrol at 1315 hours (time zone -6.5) at Trincomalee.
Submarine HNMS K XV: HrMs K XV (Lt.Cdr. Baron C.W.T. van Boetzelaer, RNN) arrived at Fremantle. K XV departed Fremantle for the Dutch East Indies on 20 September 1945.
Submarine HNMS O 23: HrMs O 23 (Lt.Cdr. A.J. Schouwenaar, RNN) arrived at Port Said.
Submarine USS Barb: USS Barb (Cdr. E.B. Fluckey) ended her 12th war patrol at Midway.
Submarine USS Ray: USS Ray (Cdr. W.T. Kinsella) sank a small Japanese vessel with gunfire off the Malaya coast in position 06°45'N, 101°39'E.
Submarine USS Devilfish: USS Devilfish (Lt.Cdr. S.S. Mann, Jr.) departed from Guam for her 4th war patrol. She was ordered to patrol off the Bonin Islands.
Submarine USS Bugara: While on her 3rd war patrol and operating along the Malay coast USS Bugara (Cdr. A.F. Schade) sank six small Japanese vessels with gunfire. One in position 06°40'N, 101°51'E and five in position 06°30'N, 102°30'E.
Submarine USS Razorback: USS Razorback (Lt.Cdr. C.D. Brown) sank 8 small Japanese vessels with gunfire off the Kuril Islands in position 44°37'N, 146°55'E.
Submarine HMS Satyr: HMS Satyr (Lt. W.D.S. Scott, RN) is docked at Holy Loch.
Submarine HMS Seadog: While operating together HMS Seadog (Lt. E.A. Hobson, DSC, RN) and HMS Shalimar (Lt.Cdr. W.G. Meeke, DSC, RN) sink a tug and a barge with gunfire in the southern part of the Strait of Malacca near the mouth of the Burnam River. (All times are zone -6.5) 1427 hours - Sighted a small tug towing a lighter coming down the coast. Passed this information the Shalimer. 1439 hours - Surfaced to engage the targets with the deck gun from 3000 yards. The targets were small and difficult to hit, but both targets were hit and the barge was soon settling by the stern and sank in shallow water. The tug appeared to be slowly sinking and was out of control but she too soon sank. Shalimar had meanwhile also surfaced and fired some shots.
Submarine HMS Shalimar: HMS Shalimar (Lt.Cdr. W.G. Meeke, DSC, MBE, RN) and HMS Seadog (Lt. E.A. Hobson, RN) together sank a tug and a lighter with gunfire in the Malacca Strait off the mouth of the Bernam River. (All times are zone -6.5) 1428 hours - Off the mouth of the Bernam river sighted a 20 tons tug towing a 80 tons lighter bearing 340°. Distance was 5 nautical miles. Enemy course was 147°. Enemy speed was 4 knots. Closed. 1430 hours - Received a report from Seadog she had also sighted the tug and lighter and intended to surface and engage. 1439 hours - Surfaced together with Seadog. Shalimar engaged the lighter from 2500 yards and Seadog the tug. The tug proved to be a diffcult shot as she slipped the lighter and altered course wildly. Shalimer now also engaged the tug to dispose of her as soon as possible. 1451 hours - The tug sank. The lighter was heavily damaged and left sinking. Shalimer had expended 66 rounds. 1500 hours - Shalimar went alongside a fishing vessel to transfer the survivors of the previous days minus one Malay and the Japanese.
Submarine HMS Supreme: HMS Supreme (Lt.Cdr. T.E. Barlow, RN) was undocked.
Submarine HMS Thorough: HMS Thorough sank a sailing vessel with gunfire off Bali. (All times are zone -9) 1547 hours - Surfaced in position 08°18'S, 115°39'E and fired 2 warning shots to stop a schooner. The schooner was Northbound and about 120 tons. Range was 4000 yards. A few members of the crew were seen to abandon ship. The vessel refused to heave to and turned towards Thorough. She continued to close Thorough under perfect control. The helmsman and other members of the crew were seen at their stations. Fire was now re-opened. After 10 rounds the schooner was sunk in position 08°19'S, 115°42'E. 1558 hours - Closed the wreckage to search for survivors but had to abandon this attempt because a Japanese aircraft appeared on the scene and Through had to dive.
Submarine HMS Tiptoe: HMS Tiptoe (A/Lt.Cdr. R.L. Jay, RN) and HMS Trump (A/Lt.Cdr. A.A. Catlow, RN) together destroy 2 sea trucks with gunfire in position 05°55'5"S, 105°40'E. (All times are zone -9) 1430 hours - Received an enemy report from Trump on Asdic. 1435 hours - Sighted the masts of the ships reported by Trump. 1544 hours - Surfaced for gun action in position 05°51S, 105°37'8"E abeam of the leading sea truck. Range was 3000 yards. Trump was told on Asdic to join in. 60 Rounds were fired at the first sea truck before it was considered a total loss. In the meantime both sea trucks beached themselves. Target was now shifted to the second sea truck and Trump also joined in. After another 60 rounds this target was also considered a total loss. The first sea truck was of about 400 tons, the second one was of about 200 tons.
Submarine HMS Trump: HMS Tiptoe (A/Lt.Cdr. R.L. Jay, RN) and HMS Trump (A/Lt.Cdr. A.A. Catlow, RN) together destroy 2 Japanese sea trucks with gunfire in position 05°55'5"S, 105°40'E. Area: Sunda Strait (all times are zone -9) 0725 hours - Dived in position 05°58'S, 105°39'E 1430 hours - While in position 05°55'5"S, 105°40'E sighted two sea trucks escorted by a submarine chaser 3500 yards away At 1450 hours the submarine chaser was seen to leave the convoy 1540 hours - HMS Tiptoe surfaced for gun action against the sea trucks 1545 hours - HMS Trump surfaced in position 05°55'5"S, 105°40'E and joined HMS Tiptoe, both sea trucks were soon beached and on fire 1600 hours - Aircraft sighted astern so dived in position 05°53'5"S, 105°45'4"E 2054 hours - Surfaced in position 05°55'5"S, 105°46'8"S
Submarine HMS Varangian: With her refit completed HMS Varangian (Lt. J.H.N. Pope, RN) departed Blyth for Rothesay.