Allied Warships

Events on this day

27 August

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This page is our compilation of data from several different databases. All data shown here is dynamic, but is accurate according to the information we have right now. Although content is still being added daily, more than 75% of the launched and commissioned data is already in place, so this section is almost complete.

Quick links: War losses - General events

The Shipyard Report


Laid down (36)

1918: Destroyer Rockingham (G 58) - Destroyer Swasey (DD 273)

1934: Torpedo boat Branlebas - Torpedo boat Branlebas

1935: Submarine Onice

1936: Sloop Bittern (L 07)

1941: Minesweeper Gympie (J 238) - Minesweeper Kapunda (J 218) - Rescue Tug Hengist (W 110) - Motor Torpedo Boat MTB 326 (MTB 326) - Minesweeper Bold (AMc-67) - Motor torpedo boat PT 68 - Minesweeper YMS-111 (YMS-111)

1942: Boom defence vessel Barspear (Z 224) - Aircraft Carrier Glory (62) - Landing Craft Tank LCT 558 (LCT 558) - Tank landing ship LST 404 (LST 404) - Submarine Dorado (248) - Landing craft tank LCT 143 (LCT 143) - Landing craft tank LCT 145 (LCT 145) - Landing craft tank LCT 146 (LCT 146) - Landing craft tank LCT 280 (LCT 280) - Tank landing ship LST 404 (LST 404) - Motor torpedo boat PT 159 - Oiler Saranac (AO 74) - Submarine chaser SC-1025 (SC-1025)

1943: Light cruiser Galveston (CL 93) - Landing craft tank LCT 525 (LCT 525) - Landing craft tank LCT 526 (LCT 526) - Destroyer Escort Varian (DE 798)

1944: Landing craft tank LCT 1221 (LCT 1221) - Landing craft tank LCT 1222 (LCT 1222) - Landing craft tank LCT 1223 (LCT 1223) - Medium landing ship (rocket) LSM(R) 190 (LSM(R) 190) - Medium landing ship (rocket) LSM(R) 191 (LSM(R) 191) - Tank landing ship LST 887 (LST 887)

Launched (37)

1919: Submarine R-13 (90)

1930: MS Trawler Erimo (FY 569) - Landing Ship Infantry Keren (F 132)

1931: MS Trawler Rinovia

1934: Minesweeper Hussar (J 82) - ASW Trawler Lord Stonehaven (FY 187)

1936: Minesweeper Jan van Amstel

1939: Light cruiser Helena (i) (CL 50)

1941: Escort destroyer Aldenham (L 22) - Landing Craft Tank LCT 162 (LCT 162) - Steam Gunboat SGB 5 / Grey Owl (S 305) - Submarine Traveller (N 48)

1942: Frigate Tonkinois (K 260) - Boom defence vessel Barneath (Z 245) - Light cruiser Black Prince (81) - Landing Craft Tank LCT 534 (LCT 534) - Frigate Moyola (K 260) - Submarine Sickle (P 224) - Light cruiser Spartan (95) - Battleship Iowa (BB 61) - Landing craft tank LCT 15 (LCT 15) - Patrol craft PC-1080 (PC-1080) - Patrol craft PC-1121 (PC-1121)

1943: Frigate Barbados (K 504) - Landing Craft Tank LCT 935 (LCT 935) - Frigate Hingham (PF-30) - Frigate Hutchinson (PF-45) - Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-369 (LCI(L)-369) - Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-456 (LCI(L)-456) - Landing craft tank LCT 503 (LCT 503) - Landing craft tank LCT 506 (LCT 506) - Patrol craft PC-1185 (PC-1185)

1944: Submarine Cabezon (334) - Landing craft support LCS(L)-29 (LCS(L)-29) - Landing craft support LCS(L)-30 (LCS(L)-30) - Light cruiser Little Rock (CL 92)

1945: Motor torpedo boat PT 723

Commissioned (30)

1919: Minesweeper Ross (J 45) - Destroyer Bagley (i) (DD 185)

1935: Minesweeper Jaskolka (J)

1940: Corvette Primula (K 14)

1941: Motor torpedo boat PT 36

1942: Minesweeper Truro (J 268) - Motor minesweeper MMS 205 (J 705) - Motor Launch RML 526 (RML 526) - Destroyer Rotherham (H 09) - Motor Gun Boat MGB 623 (MGB 623) - Landing craft tank LCT 416 (LCT 416) - Motor torpedo boat PT 121 - Motor torpedo boat PT 126 - Minesweeper YMS-130 (YMS-130)

1943: Motor Gun Boat MGB 128 (MGB 128) - Motor minesweeper MMS 1032 (FY 1032) - Escort carrier Coral Sea (i) (CVE 57) - Destroyer Escort Eldridge (DE 173) - Minesweeper Jubilant (AM 255) - Tank landing ship LST 117 (LST 117) - Tank landing ship LST 269 (LST 269) - Patrol craft PC-607 (PC-607) - Motor torpedo boat PT 268 - Submarine chaser SC-1336 (SC-1336) - Minesweeper YMS-308 (YMS-308)

1944: ASW Trawler Guardsman (T 393) - Motor Launch ML 918 (ML 918) - Landing craft support LCS(L)-6 (LCS(L)-6) - Medium landing ship LSM 62 (LSM 62)

1945: Fleet tug Paiute (ATF 159)

Legend:

Laid down means that the ship's construction was officially started by laying down the keel (often just a single steel beam but could also mean the first of many pre-fabricated sections).

Launched means that the ship was launched from its shipyard, it then began its fitting out period (installation of smaller systems, weapons etc.) - in many yards the ships were launched very complete and needed little work afterwards.

Commissioned is when the navy takes the ship officially over and gives command of it to its new captain.

War Losses on 27 August (7)


1940: Armed Merchant Cruiser Dunvegan Castle

1941: MS Whaler Skudd 3

1943: Sloop Egret (L 75 / U 75) - Landing craft tank LCT 319 (LCT 319)

1944: Minesweeper Britomart (J 22) - Minesweeper Hussar (J 82)

1952: Fleet tug Sarsi (ATF 111)

More information on Allied Warships losses.


General Events on 27 August


1939

Minesweeper HMIS Madras: HMIS Madras (Gunner G.B. Tolfrey, RIN) arrived at Bombay from Karachi. At Bombay she was taken in hand for boiler cleaning.

Sloop HMIS Cornwallis: HMIS Cornwallis (Cdr. G.V.G. Beamish, RIN) arrived at Bombay from Karachi. At Bombay she was taken in hand for boiler cleaning.

1940

Submarine HNMS O 24: From 27 August to 29 August HrMs O 24 (Lt.Cdr. O. de Booy, RNN) conducted torpedo firing exercises in Loch Long.

Submarine HNMS O 9: HrMs O 9 (Lt. H.A.W. Goossens, RNN) departed Tobermory for Rothesay. She made the passage together with HMS Alecto (Cdr. R.M.G. Gambier, RN).

Submarine HMS Porpoise: HMS Porpoise (Lt.Cdr. J.G. Hopkins, RN) shifted from Blyth to Rosyth.

Submarine HMS Rorqual: HMS Rorqual (Lt.Cdr R.H. Dewhurst, RN) ended her 7th war patrol (4th in the Mediterranean) at Alexandria.

Submarine HMS Sturgeon: HMS Sturgeon (Lt. G.D.A. Gregory, DSO, RN) departed Blyth for her 13th war patrol. She was ordered to patrol in the Skagerrak. For the daily and attack positions of HMS Sturgeon during this patrol see the map below.

Submarine HMS Swordfish: HMS Swordfish (Lt. P.J. Cowell, RN) departed Blyth for her 9th war patrol. She was ordered to patrol off the western entrance to the Skagerrak. (No log is available for this period and the patrol report does not give daily positions so no map can be displayed).

Submarine HMS Snapper: HMS Snapper (Lt. W.D.A. King, DSO, RN) departed Rosyth for her 12th war patrol. She was ordered to patrol in the Skagerrak.

Submarine HMS Triton: HMS Triton (Lt. G.C.I.S.B. Watkins, RN) is undocked.

Submarine HMS Tigris: HMS Tigris (Lt.Cdr. H.F. Bone, RN) departed from Rothesay for her 2nd war patrol. She made the passage together with cable ship HMS Lasso (Capt. (retired) H.C.P. Pipon, RN). They were escorted by HMS Notts County (Lt.Cdr. (retired) J.K. Pollock, RN) until 2130/29. She was ordered to patrol in the Bay of Biscay. For the daily and attack positions of HMS Tigris during this patrol see the map below. View HMS Tigris 2nd war patrol in a larger map

Corvette HMS Primrose: HMS Primrose (K91), picked up survivors from the Merchant ship Dunvegan Castle and landed in Scotland.

1941

Sloop HMS Lulworth: HMS Lulworth (Lt.Cdr. C. Gwinner, RN) picks up 27 survivors from the Norwegian merchant Segundo that was torpedoed and sunk west of Ireland in position 53°36'N, 16°40'W by German U-boat U-557.

Submarine HNMS O 21: HrMs O 21 (Lt.Cdr. J.F. van Dulm, RNN) departed from Gibraltar for her 13th war patrol (2nd in the Mediterranean). She is to patrol in the Tyrrhenian Sea. For the daily and attack positions of HrMs O 21 during this patrol see the map below. HrMs O 21 13th war patrolclick here for bigger map

Submarine HMS Ursula: HMS Ursula (Lt. A.J. Mackenzie, RN) ended her 22th war patrol (9th in the Mediterranean) at Malta.

Submarine HMS Regent: HMS Regent (Lt. W.N.R. Knox, DSC, RN) departed Alexandria for Malta.

Submarine HMS Triumph (i): During the day HMS Triumph (Cdr. W.J.W. Woods, RN) arrived back off Torrente Furiano. Shortly before dusk periscope reconnaissance was carried out. Shortly before midnight all canoes, gear and personnel were on the upper casing when a boat was sighted that was thought to be a patrol vessel [according to Italian sources this was the small fishing vessel No.231/2]. It was tried to ram the vessel but it was missed by inches. It was now fired upon with the Lewis guns. It was however soon seen that the boat was a fishing vessel. To avoid further compromise the fisherman were captured (several of them were wounded) and their boat was sunk. Cdr. Woods decided to postpone the operation for 48 hours and retired from the area.

Submarine HMS Torbay: HMS Torbay (Lt. R.S. Brookes, RN) arrived at Port Said.

Submarine HMS Thrasher: HMS Thrasher (Lt.Cdr. P.J. Cowell, DSC, RN) ended her 3rd war patrol at Alexandria.

Submarine HMS Upholder: HMS Upholder (Lt.Cdr. M.D. Wanklyn, RN) ended her 15th war patrol (13th in the Mediterranean) at Malta.

Submarine HMS Urge: HMS Urge (Lt. E.P. Tomkinson, RN) torpedoed and damaged the Italian passenger ship Aquitania (4971 GRT) about 10 nautical miles North of Marettimo Island in position 38°11'N, 12°07'E. In the same attack the Italian tanker Pozarica (7799 GRT, built 1940) was missed. According to Italian sources the convoy also included Ernesto (7399 GRT, built 1914), Col di Lana (5891 GRT, built 1926) and Riv (6650 GRT, built 1921) escorted by the destroyers Euro and Alfredo Oriani and the torpedo boats Procione, Orsa and Clio (and later by Pegaso). Aquitania was taken in tow by Orsa and Clio had observed the submarine breaking surface at a distance of 3,000 metres (probably due to loss of trim while firing the torpedoes) and rushed to the attack preceded by an escorting CANT Z.501 of 144^Squadriglia which dropped a bomb. The submarine had already submerged again and Clio dropped six depth charges then observed a second escorting aircraft dropping a bomb and followed with six more depth charges in the same spot, claiming the submarine certainly damaged if not sunk. Procione also turned back and dropped seven depth charges. Clio then escorted Aquitania to Trapani, three tugs had also joined to assist her. (All times are zone -2) 0630 hours - Sighted a convoy of five merchant vessels and three escorts. Also two aircraft were patrolling overhead. Started attack. 0642 hours - In position 38°11'N, 12°07'E fired four torpedoes against a merchant vessel of about 6000 tons. Range was 4500 yards. Ths ship was the leading ship of the nearest column. The leading ship of the rear column was in the line of fire as well and was a tanker of about 5000 tons. 0643 hours - The torpedo in no.3 tube, which as fired last, only went half out of the tube and ran in that position. As a result Urge broached while displaying an 'angry' smoking torpedo at the foe. Fortunately the torpedo left the tube when Urge got level after surfacing. Urge then dived once more at a steep angle while the nearest escort came rushing towards from 3000 yards. Three torpedo explosions were heard thought to be one hit on the merchant vessel (thought correctly to be Aquitania) and two on the tanker. A depth charge attack now followed in which 20 depth charges were dropped but these caused no damage. Urge meanwhile withdrew to the North-West. Later the torpedo tubes were reloaded but not no.3 tube. It had been decided not to use this tube anymore during this patrol.

Submarine HMS Utmost: HMS Utmost (Lt.Cdr. R.D. Cayley, DSO, RN) landed a sabotage party (Lt. R. Wilson, R.A. and Marine W.G. Hughes) near the mouth of the river Saracena (39°50'N, 16°31'E). (All times are zone -2) 27 August 1941 2325 hours - Landed the Folbot with a party of two which successfully laid explosives on the railway bridge across the river Seracina. 28 August 1941 0218 hours - A large explosion occurred. It appeared the charges were well placed. 0230 hours - The Folbot party returned safely. According to Italian sources the explosion did not destroy the bridge but caused enough damage requiring repairs before traffic could be resumed.

Submarine USSR ShCh-402: ShCh-402 intercepts a German convoy north of the Laksefjord, Norway in position 71°20'N, 27°20'E and fires two torpedoes against ' what is identified as ' a merchant (tonnage not known). Both torpedoes missed their target.

1942

Corvette HMCS Trail: HMCS Trail (T/A/Lt.Cdr. G.S. Hall, RCNR) picks up survivors from the American passenger ship Chatham that was torpedoed and sunk by German U-boat U-517 in the Belle Isle Strait in position 51°53'N, 55°48'W.

Destroyer USS Bernadou: USS Bernadou picks up survivors from the American passenger ship Chatham that was torpedoed and sunk by German U-boat U-517 in the Belle Isle Strait in position 51°53'N, 55°48'W.

Submarine HNMS K XIV: HrMs K XIV (Lt. J.H. Geijs, RNN) arrived at East London.

Submarine USS Trout: USS Trout (Lt.Cdr. L.P. Ramage) departed from Pearl Harbor for her 5th war patrol. She was ordered to patrol off Truk in the Caroline Islands.

Submarine HMS Sahib: HMS P 212 (Lt. J.H. Bromage, DSC, RN) departed Gibraltar for her 2nd war patrol (1st in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to patrol in the Alboran Sea. For the daily positions of HMS P 212 during this patrol see the map below. HMS P 212 2nd war patrol click here for bigger map

Submarine HMS Tribune: HMS Tribune (Lt. N.J. Coe, DSC, RNR) arrived at Dundee.

Submarine HMS Tigris: HMS Tigris (Lt.Cdr. G.R. Colvin, RN) is docked at Ardrossan. She was undocked later the same day.

Submarine HMS Uproar: HMS P 31 (Lt. J.B.de B. Kershaw, DSO, RN) departed Gibraltar for passage to Portsmouth. En-route she was ordered to patrol to the West of Cape Finisterre to intercept an inbound German blockade breaker making this her 14th war patrol. She was carrying only two Mark IV and two Mark II torpedoes. Nothing was sighted. No log is available for this period so no map can be displayed.

Submarine HMS Umbra: HMS P 35 (Lt. S.L.C. Maydon, RN) was informed through ULTRA of an important convoy from Piraeus for Libya. She was ordered to the approaches of the Antikithera Channel and came under the operation control of the First Flotilla. HMS P 35 torpedoed and heavily damaged the Italian transport ship Manfredo Campiero (5463 GRT, built 1925) west of the Antikithera Channel in position 35°41'N, 23°01'E. She was part of a convoy from Piraeus bound for Benghazi and included the Italian merchant Tergestea (5890 GRT, built 1926), escorted by the Italian destroyer Nicoloso da Recco and the Italian torpedo-boats Climene and Polluce. Manfredo Campiero was beyond salvage and was scuttled by the Italians. Later the same day three torpedoes were fired against a large escorted merchant vessel near the same position. No hits were obtained. (All times are zone -2) 0720 hours - Sighted two merchant ships escorted by a Navigatori class destroyer and a Spica class torpedo boat bearing 025°. Enemy course was 245°, speed 10 knots. Started attack. 0737 hours - Sighted two more destroyers / torpedo boats hull down to the North-East. 0742 hours - Sighted two aircraft over the convoy. 0748 hours - In position 35°39'N, 23°05'E fired four torpedoes at the nearer of the two merchant vessels. Range was 3000 yards. One, possibly two hit(s) was / were obtained. The second torpedo fired did not run. 0757 hours - Depth charging started. 0821 hours - The last depth charges were dropped. 29 In all were counted but no damage was done to P 35 which was at 180 feet. 0850 hours - Returned to periscope depth. Sighted one of the Merchants down by the stern and burning fiercely. She was circled by a Spica class torpedo boat. 0900 hours - Commenced reloading. No.2 tube still contained its torpedo although it had been fired. No.2 tube was now out of action. 1235 hours - The merchant ship blew up and sank. The torpedo boat was seen to proceed to the North-East. [Manfredo Campiero was hit by a torpedo aft and a second torpedo was observed missing her stern by about 10 metres. She began to burn furiously. The torpedo boat Polluce sent a boarding party of seven with fire extinguishers but she appeared beyond salvage. The torpedo boat finished her off by gunfire. Four had been killed or missing, 255 survivors were picked up including 37 wounded, one of them dying later. In the meantime Nicoloso da Recco and Climene hunted the submarine and dropped depth charges, the destroyer claiming a sinking.] -------------------------------------------- 1410 hours - Sighted a large 10000 tons merchant vessel, with a single funnel and of modern design escorted by two destroyers / torpedo boats of the Navigatori / Partenope classes. Enemy course was 270°, speed 12 to 14 knots. Started attack. 1420 hours - The enemy altered course away. 1424 hours - Enemy course was now seen to be 225°. 1429 hours - In position 35°35'N, 23°03'E started firing a salvo of three torpedoes (Tube 2 was out of action). Just as the second torpedo was fired the target was seen to alter course. The third torpedo was fired regardless in the hope it was just a zig. It was not a zig and the target steadied on a course of 170°. No hits were obtained. According to Italian sources this was Unione (6070 GRT, built 1942) escorted by the destroyers Folgore and Saetta. They had sailed from Piraeus for Benghazi. Two underwater explosions were felt (torpedoes exploding at the end of their run?) but no tracks were seen.

Submarine HMS P 511: HMS P 511 (Lt. K.H Joy, RNR) participated in A/S exercises off Campbeltown.

Submarine USSR ShCh-407: While on patrol north of Libau, ShCh-407 attacked German U-boat trap Schiff 47/W. Huth (437 GRT). Two torpedoes were fired, one at 0339 hours, and one 9 minutes later at 0348 hours. Both torpedoes missed their target.

Submarine chaser USS SC-522: USS SC-522 picks up 37 survivors from the Dutch tanker Rotterdam and 33 from the British tanker San Fabian that were torpedoed and sunk about 120 nautical miles south-south-east of Guantanamo, Cuba in position 18°09'N, 74°38'W by German U-boat U-511.

1943

Frigate HMS Rother: German U-boat U-134 was sunk north of Cape Ortegal in position 44°03'N, 08°05'W by depth charges from the British frigate HMS Rother (Lt.Cdr. R.V.E. Case, DSC and Bar, RD, RNR).

Escort carrier USS Card: German U-boat U-847 was sunk in the Sargasso Sea, in position 28°19'N, 37°58'W, by air-launched (Fido) torpedoes from Avenger and Wildcat aircraft (VC-1) of the American escort carrier USS Card.

Submarine HNMS O 15: HrMs O 15 (Lt.Cdr. A.J. Schouwenaar, RNN) conducted A/S exercises with HMS Hardy (Lt.Cdr. R. Horncastle, RN), HMS Rocket (Lt.Cdr. H.B. Acworth, OBE, RN) and HMS Zetland (Lt.Cdr. J.V. Wilkinson, DSC, RN).

Submarine HNMS O 9: HrMs O 9 (Lt. J.B.M.J. Maas, RNN) participated in A/S exercises off Campbeltown with HrMs O 9 (Lt. J.B.M.J. Maas, RNN) participated in A/S exercises off Campbeltown with HMS Spaniel and HMS Bedlington (Skr. A.W. Peak, RNR).

Submarine HNMS O 10: HrMs O 10 (Lt.Cdr. A. van Altena, RNN(R)) participated in A/S exercises off Campbeltown with HMS Spaniel and HMS Tuscarora (Lt.Cdr. (retired) H.T. Pitt, RN).

Submarine USS Grayling: USS Grayling (Lt.Cdr. Robert Marion Brinker) torpedoed and sank the Japanese transport ship Meizan Maru (5480 GRT) west of Mindoro, Philippines in position 13°35'N, 120°45'E.

Submarine USS Swordfish: USS Swordfish (Lt.Cdr. F.M. Parker, USN) conducted a reconnaissance of Manokwari Roads. No activity was observed. Decided to return to our patrol area.

Submarine USS Snapper: USS Snapper (Lt.Cdr. M.K. Clementson) torpedoed and sank the already damaged Japanese passenger-cargo ship Tokai Maru (8359 GRT) at Apra harbour, Guam in position 13°31'N, 144°37'E.

Submarine USS Pollack: USS Pollack (Lt.Cdr. B.E. Lewellen) torpedoed and sank the Japanese transport ship Taifuku Maru (3520 GRT) east of Kyushu in position 32°28'N, 132°23'E.

Submarine USS Apogon: USS Apogon (Lt.Cdr. W.P. Schoeni, USN) departed Portsmouth for Newport for torpedo trials.

Submarine HMS Seraph: HMS Seraph (Lt. N.L.A. Jewell, OBE, RN) departed Algiers for her 13th war patrol (10th in the Mediterranean). She was to conduct a special operation. Afterwards she was to patrol East of Corsica. For the daily and attack positions of HMS Seraph during this patrol see the map below.

Submarine HMS Taurus: HMS Taurus (Lt.Cdr. M.R.G. Wingfield, DSO, RN) ended her 7th war patrol (6th in the Mediterranean) at Beirut. A few hours before arriving (0737 hours) she is attacked by German U-boat U-407 with 2 torpedoes, both missed and the attack was not observed on board Taurus. Position given by the Germans was grid CP 5635.

Submarine HMS Trespasser: HMS Trespasser (Lt.Cdr. R.M. Favell, RN) conducted exercises off Beirut.

Submarine HMS Tantalus: HMS Tantalus (Lt.Cdr. H.S. Mackenzie, DSO and Bar, RN) arrived at Leriwck. She departed for her 1st war patrol (work-up patrol) later the same day. She is to patrol in the Norwegian and Arctic Ocean as far north as Spitsbergen. For HMS Tantalus daily (1200 hours) positions during this patrol see the map below. HMS Tantalus 1st war patrol (work-up patrol) daily positionsclick here for bigger map

Submarine HMS Uproar: HMS Uproar (Lt. L.E. Herrick, DSC, RN) departed Malta for her 21th war patrol (18th in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to act as a beacon off Kuriat, Tunisia in an exercise with transport aircraft. For the daily positions of HMS Uproar during this patrol see the map below.

Submarine HMS Unrivalled: At 0450 hours in 38°03.7'N, 17°58'E, HMS Unrivalled (Lt. H.B. Turner, DSC, RN) spotted a submarine on her port quarter. She was not in a good position for a gun action and the identity was uncertain so Unrivalled dived but could not regain contact. The submarine was HMS Unsparing (Lt. A.D. Piper, DSC and 2 bars, RNR) on her way for a patrol off Cephalonia. She had observed Unrivalled and dived at the same time.

Submarine HMS Unruffled: HMS Unruffled (Lt. J.S. Stevens, DSO, DSC, RN) torpedoed and sank the Italian merchant Città di Spezia (2474 GRT, built 1929) about 40 nautical miles, 103° of Brindisi, Italy in position 40°36'N, 18°37'E. She was on a trip from Brindisi to Valona and was escorted only by a CANT Z.501 seaplane of 141^Squadriglia. She had a crew of forty-seven civilians and eleven naval personnel and was transporting 131 Military and forty-seven naval passengers. Thirty-nine were killed or missing. The seaplane attacked the submarine with two 100-kg A/S bombs then alighted to pick up five severely wounded. More aircraft, the torpedo boat Giuseppe Cesare Abba and the corvettes Scimittara and Pomona were sent to the scene to assist the rescue and hunt the submarine. (All times are zone -2) 0935 hours - Sighted a Cant aircraft circling to the northward. 0955 hours - Sighted the masts of a merchant vessel. Commenced attack. The target was seen to be a medium sized merchant vessel of modern design. There was passenger accommodation amidships. No surface escort was seen. 1038 hours - In position 40.36'N, 18.37'E fired a salvo of four ships from 4300 yards. Three hits were observed. The vessel listed sharply to starboard and settled by the stern. Unruffled now went deep and retired from the area.

Submarine HMS Unseen: HMS Unseen (Lt. M.L.C. Crawford, DSC and Bar, RN) torpedoed and sank the Italian merchant Rastello (985 GRT, former Greek Messarya Nomikos, built 1895) 48 nautical miles in position 41°30'N, 17°27'E. The target was proceeding unescorted from Durazzo to Bari and four crew members were killed. (All times are zone -2) 0740 hours - Sighted masts of a merchant vessel bearing 129°, 8 nautical miles. Started attack. 0852 hours - In position 41°30'N, 17°27'E fired 4 torpedoes. One hit was obtained. 0859 hours - Heard two explosions thought to be depth charges. 0930 hours - Returned to periscope depth. Nothing in sight except wreckage and survivors on a raft. 1045 hours - Surfaced and went alongside the raft with 12 survivors on it. Two destroyers / torpedo boats were seen to be escorting but after the sinking the made off to Bari. Passed over food and morphine tablets for the three badly wounded and took on board four survivors. One was a Yugo-Slav which was very keen to come. 1115 hours - Withdrew to the north-east. 1130 hours - Dived.

Submarine HMS Untiring: HMS Untiring (Lt. R. Boyd, DSC, RN) sank the Norwegian fishing vessel M-96-G / Havbris I (Master Andreas Strandkleiv) with gunfire about 55 nautical miles west of the Norwegian coast in position 62°51'N, 02°11'E. Havbris I was fishing for halibut at the time of her sinking. The crew of 7 men was captured and put ashore in the Shetlands 10 days later. (All times are zone -1) 0330 hours - Sighted a light bearing 265°. Proceeded to investigate at full speed. 0420 hours - Identified the target as a fishing vessel. It had been impossible to identify the target earlier due to her bright working lights and with the clear dawn horizon behind it was thought that Untiring herself had been sighted by this time. Decided to sink this fishing vessel. 0450 hours - The crew of seven was ordered to jump aboard the submarine. The weather was to rough for boarding so sank the vessel with gunfire in position 62°51'N, 02°11'E.

Submarine HMS P 512: HMS P 512 (Lt. R.B. Foster, RN) departed New London, Connecticut for Bermuda.

Submarine USS S-12: USS S-12 departed St. Thomas, Virgin Island for Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.

1944

Destroyer USS Maddox (iii): USS Maddox (Cdr. James Sturgis Willis) departed from Boston bound for the Pacific.

Submarine HNMS O 9: HrMs O 9 (Lt. R.W. van Lynden, RNN) participated in A/S exercises off Campbeltown with HMS Shemara (Cdr.(retired) H. Buckle, RN) and HNoMS Tunsberg Castle.

Submarine USS Mingo: USS Mingo (Lt.Cdr. John R. Madison) departed from Fremantle for her 5th war patrol. She was ordered to patrol off Borneo.

Submarine USS Burrfish: USS Burrfish (Lt.Cdr. W.B. Perkins, Jr.) ended her 3rd war patrol at Majuro.

Submarine USS Guitarro: USS Guitarro (Lt.Cdr. E.D. Haskins) sank the Japanese merchant tanker Nanshin Maru No.27 (834 GRT) with gunfire. She also damaged the Japanese merchant tanker Nanshin Maru No.25 (834 GRT) that finally runs aground. This action take place west of Mindoro, Philippines in position 12°26'N, 119°55'E.

Submarine USS Bang: USS Bang (Cdr. A.R. Gallaher, USN) departed from Pearl Harbor for her 3rd war patrol. She was ordered to patrol in the East China Sea. For the daily and attack positions of USS Bang during this patrol see the map below. As no deck log is available (for the moment) positions were taken from the patrol report. Unfortunately the patrol report does not give daily noon positions.

Submarine HMS Satyr: HMS Satyr (Lt. T.S. Weston, DSO, DSC, RN) ended her 11th war patrol at Lerwick.

Submarine HMS Shakespeare: HMS Shakespeare (Lt. D. Swanston, DSC and Bar, RN) departed Scapa Flow to resume her 14th war patrol.

Submarine HMS Surf: HMS Surf (Lt. D. Lambert, DSC, RN) was docked at Trincomalee.

Submarine HMS Sturdy (ii): HMS Sturdy (Lt. W.St.G. Anderson, DSC, RNR) sank a Japanese fishing vessel with gunfire in the Indian Ocean, about 160 nautical miles West of Enggano Island. (All times are zone -6.5) 0511 hours - In position 05°29'S, 99°37'E sighted two lights bearing 130°. Turned towards and closed. 0530 hours - Identified the target as a large fishing vessel of about 150 tons. 0533 hours - Opened fire with the 3" gun from 3000 yards. Several hits were scored in the first few minutes. The vessel was brought to a standstill and two fires were started forward. The crew was seen to abandon ship. Proceeded alongside, boarded and placed a demolition charge. The charge broke the vessel in two. The stern sank immediately. The bows remained floating but was buring furiously. Two prisoners were taken they were Sumatrans or Javanese. The other survivors were Japanese and they refused to be picked up.

Submarine HMS Subtle: HMS Subtle (Lt. B.J.B. Andrew, DSC, RN) arrived at Aden.

Submarine HMS Torbay: HMS Torbay (Lt. C.P. Norman, DSO, RN) arrived at Scapa Flow.

Submarine HMS P 511: HMS P 511 (T/Lt. C.D. Smith, RANVR) participated in A/S exercises off Campbeltown.

Minesweeper HMS Salamander: HMS Salamander (Lt. R.R. Hawthornthwaite, RNVR) together with HMS Britomart (Lt.Cdr. A.J. Galvin, DSC, RNR), HMS Hussar (Lt.Cdr. Nash, MBE, RNR) and HMS Jason (Cdr. T.G.P. Crick, DSC and Bar, RN) was mistakenly fired upon by RAF Typhoons off Cap d'Antifer near Le Havre on Sunday 27 August 1944. An Arctic veteran - she was badly damaged astern and never saw service again.

Submarine USS R-1: USS R-1 (Lt. W.A. Schoenfeld, USN) conducted exercises off Bermuda.

1945

Destroyer USS Allen M. Sumner: USS Allen M. Sumner (Cdr. N.J. Sampson) joins the screen of TG 38.3.

Destroyer USS Soley: USS Soley (Cdr. J.S. Lewis) arrived at Pearl Harbor.

Submarine HNMS Zwaardvisch: HrMs Zwaardvisch (Lt. J. van Dapperen, RNN) arrived at Newcastle-on-Tyne where she was to refit at the Swan Hunter shipyard.

Submarine USS Billfish: USS Billfish (Lt.Cdr. L.C. Farley) ended her 8th war patrol at Pearl Harbor.

Submarine USS Apogon: USS Apogon (Cdr. A.C. House Jr., USN) departed her patrol area for Pearl Harbour and onward routing to San Diego.

Submarine USS Macabi: USS Macabi (Cdr. A.H. Dropp) ended her 1st war patrol at Pearl Harbor.

Submarine USS Toro: USS Toro (Cdr. J.D. Grant) ended her 2nd war patrol at Midway.

Submarine HMS Supreme: HMS Supreme (Lt.Cdr. T.E. Barlow, RN) departed Subic Bay for Hong Kong.

Submarine HMS Sea Scout: HMS Sea Scout (Lt. J.W. Kelly, RN) departed Subic Bay for Hong Kong.

Submarine HMS Sleuth: HMS Sleuth (Lt. K.H. Martin, RN) departed Subic Bay for Hong Kong.

Submarine HMS Solent: HMS Solent (Lt.Cdr. J.D. Martin, DSC, RN) departed Subic Bay for Hong Kong.

Submarine USS Cutlass: USS Cutlass (Cdr. H.L. Jukes) arrived at Midway. She departed from for Pearl Harbour the same day.

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