Events on this day
This page is our compilation of data from several different databases. All data shown here is dynamic, but is accurate according to the information we have right now. Although content is still being added daily, more than 75% of the launched and commissioned data is already in place, so this section is almost complete.
The Shipyard Report
Laid down (47)
1917: Light cruiser Cairo (D 87)
1941: Minesweeper BYMS 2008 (J 808) - Motor Launch ML 394 (ML 394) - Corvette Musk (K 289) - Corvette Might (PG-94) - Submarine Chaser SC 1468 (SC 1468) - Minesweeper Seer (AM 112) - Minesweeper Sentinel (AM 113) - Minesweeper Skill (AM 115) - Minesweeper Staff (AM 114) - Minesweeper YMS-25 (YMS-25)
1942: Destroyer Barfleur (R 80) - Minesweeper Fairy (J 403) - Escort destroyer Talybont (L 18) - Fleet tug Abnaki (AT 96) - Tank landing ship LST 377 (LST 377) - Motor torpedo boat PT 279 - Submarine chaser SC-1038 (SC-1038) - Submarine chaser SC-1308 (SC-1308) - Submarine chaser SC-1364 (SC-1364) - Submarine chaser SC-1368 (SC-1368) - Minesweeper Vigilance (AM 324)
1943: High speed transport Bassett (APD 73) - Destroyer Henry A. Wiley (DM 29) - Destroyer Escort Holt (DE 706) - Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-392 (LCI(L)-392) - Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-526 (LCI(L)-526) - Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-527 (LCI(L)-527) - Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-528 (LCI(L)-528) - Landing craft tank LCT 938 (LCT 938) - Landing craft tank LCT 939 (LCT 939) - Patrol craft PC-1546 (PC-1546)
1944: Landing craft tank LCT 1429 (LCT 1429) - Medium landing ship LSM 351 (LSM 351) - Medium landing ship LSM 391 (LSM 391) - Medium landing ship LSM 392 (LSM 392) - Tank landing ship LST 1084 (LST 1084) - Tank landing ship LST 1103 (LST 1103) - Tank landing ship LST 974 (LST 974) - Destroyer Orleck (DD 886)
1901: Tug Emily
1905: MS Trawler Abronia (FY 734)
1915: Light cruiser Kraznyi Krim
1917: Barrage / Gate vessel Sandgate (Z 24)
1931: Patrol vessel Aurora (WPC 103)
1936: Submarine Tupy (T 1)
1941: Landing Craft Tank LCT 164 (LCT 164)
1942: Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-296 (LCI(L)-296) - Landing Craft Tank LCT 584 (LCT 584) - Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-296 (LCI(L)-296) - Landing craft tank LCT 381 (LCT 381) - Oiler Niobrara (AO 72) - Motor torpedo boat PT 241 - Motor torpedo boat PT 242 - Submarine chaser SC-1023 (SC-1023) - Submarine chaser SC-1024 (SC-1024) - Submarine chaser SC-1059 (SC-1059) - Submarine chaser SC-1063 (SC-1063) - Submarine chaser SC-1303 (SC-1303) - Submarine chaser SC-703 (SC-703) - Submarine chaser SC-775 (SC-775) - Minesweeper YMS-164 (YMS-164) - Minesweeper YMS-288 (YMS-288)
1943: Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-390 (LCI(L)-390) - Destroyer Escort Baker (DE 190) - Destroyer Blue (ii) (DD 744) - Submarine Cobia (245) - Destroyer Escort Coffman (DE 191) - Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-390 (LCI(L)-390) - Tank landing ship LST 292 (LST 292) - Tank landing ship LST 532 (LST 532) - Destroyer Escort McClelland (DE 750) - Seaplane tender Norton Sound (AV 11) - Patrol craft PC-1264 (PC-1264)
1921: Destroyer tender Denebola (AD 12)
1932: Submarine Swordfish (N 61)
1939: Patrol vessel Pintail (L 21 / K 21)
1942: Corvette Balsam (K 72) - Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-104 (LCI(L)-104) - Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-173 (LCI(L)-173) - Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-243 (LCI(L)-243) - Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-246 (LCI(L)-246) - Motor Launch ML 383 (ML 383) - Landing craft tank LCT 259 (LCT 259) - Landing craft tank LCT 381 (LCT 381) - Tank landing ship LST 390 (LST 390) - Patrol craft PC-592 (PC-592) - Motor torpedo boat PT 161 - Motor torpedo boat PT 82 - Submarine chaser SC-1042 (SC-1042) - Submarine chaser SC-688 (SC-688)
Laid down means that the ship's construction was officially started by laying down the keel (often just a single steel beam but could also mean the first of many pre-fabricated sections).
Launched means that the ship was launched from its shipyard, it then began its fitting out period (installation of smaller systems, weapons etc.) - in many yards the ships were launched very complete and needed little work afterwards.
Commissioned is when the navy takes the ship officially over and gives command of it to its new captain.
War Losses on 28 November (2)
1940: MS Trawler Manx Prince
1942: Destroyer Ithuriel (H 05)
More information on Allied Warships losses.
General Events on 28 November
Submarine HMS Unity: HMS Unity (Lt. J.F.B. Brown, RN) departed Blyth for her 4th war patrol. She was ordered to cover the retreat of the damaged HMS Triad (Lt.Cdr. R.McC.P. Jonas, RN). No log or patrol report are available so no map can be displayed.
Submarine HMS Triumph (i): At 1230 hours HMS Triumph (Lt.Cdr. J.W. McCoy, RN) finally finds her stricken sister vessel HMS Triad and her escorting destroyers HMS Inglefield and HMS Maori. At 1700 hours Triumph lost contact owning to the bad weather and visibility. Triumph tried to regain contact the next day but was unable to do so. She was later ordered to resume patrol.
Submarine HMS Triad: Several attempts to connect a towline from HMS Inglefield (Capt. P. Todd, RN) to HMS Triad (Lt.Cdr. R.McC.P. Jonas, RN) were made but all failed due to the very heavy weather and rough seas. At 0900 hours Triad was ordered to proceed astern up wind. A speed of two knots could be maintained. At 0940 hours - Three Hudson aircraft arrived to provide cover.
Submarine HNMS O 21: HrMs O 21 (Lt.Cdr. J.F. van Dulm, RNN) departed from Dundee for her 4th war patrol. She was ordered to patrol off the South-West coast of Norway near Stavanger. For the daily positions of HrMs O 21 during this patrol see the map below. HrMs O 21 4th war patrolclick here for bigger map
Submarine HNMS O 23: HrMs O 23 (Lt.Cdr. G.B.M. van Erkel, RNN) departed Dundee for Grangemouth where she was to be docked.
Submarine HMS Triton: HMS Triton (Lt. G.C.I.S.B. Watkins, RN) departed from Malta for her 15th war patrol (3rd in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to patrol in the lower Adriatic and the Straits of Otranto between 40°N and 42°N. Triton was ordered to remain on patrol on 13 December. She was to be back at Malta on 17 December.
Submarine HMS Triumph (i): HMS Triumph (Lt.Cdr. W.J.W. Woods, RN) left dock.
Submarine HNMS K XVII: HrMs K XVII (Lt.Cdr. H.C. Besançon, RNN) departed Surabaya together with HrMs O 16 (Lt.Cdr. A.J. Bussemaker, RNN) (this is the 1st Dutch submarine division) with the orders to proceed to North-West Borneo.
Submarine HNMS O 16: HrMs O 16 (Lt.Cdr. A.J. Bussemaker, RNN) departed Surabaya together with HrMs K XVII (Lt.Cdr. H.C. Besançon, RNN) (this is the 1st Dutch submarine division) with the orders to proceed to North-West Borneo.
Submarine HNMS O 21: HrMs O 21 (Lt.Cdr. J.F. van Dulm, RNN) ended her 15th war patrol at Gibraltar.
Submarine HNMS O 21: German U-boat U-95 was sunk in the western Mediterranean, about 100 nautical miles east-north-east of Gibraltar in position 36°24'N, 03°20'W by the Dutch submarine HrMs O 21. (Lt.Cdr. J.F. van Dulm, RNN). O 21 arrived at Gibraltar later on the same day. For an eyewitness account on this encounter between these two submarines see this website (offsite link). (All times are zone -1) 0035 hours - Sighted a suspicious silhouette bearing 085°. Stopped zigzagging and increased speed to 17 knots. It was thought that the dark shape was either a submarine of a motor launch. 0044 hours - The suspicious ship flashed with a dimmed signal lamp. 0048 hours - The contact again flashed the challenge. It was recognised as German by the British signalman. Reduced speed to 15 knots. 0050 hours - Fired both stern tubes in short succession. The first torpedo missed and the enemy turned away just as Lt.Cdr. van Dulm had thought he would do. The first torpedo had no effect as it passed close to the enemy's starboard site. The second one had the desired effect as it hit the U-boat abaft the conning tower and blew the stern off. The U-boat was seen to sink by the stern at an angle of 45°. 0112 hours - O 21 now proceeded to where the enemy sank to collect evidence of this sinking when survivors were noticed in the water. 12 Survivors were picked up including the Commanding Officer. The Germans had sighted O 21 first but as the silhouette of the Dutch submarine looked like a German U-boat a challenge was made. The quick reaction of Lt.Cdr. van Dulm surprised the Germans.
Submarine HMS Unbeaten: HMS Unbeaten (Lt.Cdr. E.A. Woodward, RN) ended her 14th war patrol (13th in the Mediterranean) at Malta.
Submarine HMS Proteus: HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. P.S. Francis, RN) departed Alexandria for her 9th war patrol (8th in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to patrol in the western Aegean.
Submarine HMS Rorqual: HMS Rorqual (Lt. L.W. Napier, RN) departed Holy Loch for Plymouth. She was escorted by HMS Cutty Sark (Cdr.(retired) R.H. Mack, RN).
Submarine HMS Trusty: HMS Trusty (Lt.Cdr. W.D.A. King, DSO, DSC, RN) was patrolling off Argostoli (in position 38°01'N, 20°21'E) when at 1411 hours three Navigatori-class destroyers were observed coming out of the mist at a range of 1500 yards. The submarine could not turn quickly enough to bring it to an attacking course and the opportunity was missed. This was one of the instances where the lack of gyro angle torpedoes was regretted. According to Italian sources the destroyers were most probably Antonio da Noli, Emanuelle Pessagno and Ugolino Vivaldi escorting the German merchant German merchant Bellona (1297 GRT, built 1929) from Argostoli to Navarino.
Submarine HMS Upright: HMS Upright (Lt. J.S. Wraith, DSC, RN) was undocked.
Submarine HMS Ultimatum: HMS P 34 (Lt. P.R.H. Harrison, DSC, RN) departed Malta for her 4th war patrol (3rd in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to patrol south of the Straits of Messina.
Submarine USS Argonaut (i): USS Argonaut (Lt.Cdr. Stephen G. Barchet) left Pearl Harbor and was on patrol duty near Midway Island with USS Trout when the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor. After sunset on 7 December, Argonaut surfaced and heard naval gunfire around Midway. Argonaut then submerged to make a sonar approach to investigate. Argonaut spotted two Japanese destroyers, Akebono and Ushio (both offsite links ) whose mission was shore bombardment on Midway. The ships may have detected Argonaut, and one passed close by the submarine. They completed the bombardment then retired before Argonaut could make a second approach. A week later, sound reported destroyer propellers in the vicinity but Lt.Cdr. Barchet refused to check it out. On 22 January 1942, USS Argonaut returned to Pearl Harbor, where Barchet was relieved of command and, after a brief stop there, proceeded to the Mare Island Navy Yard for conversion into a troop transport submarine.
Submarine USSR D-3 / Krasnovgardeyets: Around 1400 hours D-3 attacked a German convoy of the Porsangerfjord in position 70°54'N, 26°15'E without result.
Submarine USSR ShCh-323: At Leningrad ShCh-323 is damaged by German aircraft.
Light cruiser HMAS Adelaide: The Australian light cruiser HMAS Adelaide (A/Capt. J.C.D. Esdaile, OBE, RAN) and the Dutch light cruiser HrMs Jacob van Heemskerck (Capt. E.J. van Holthe) intercept the German blockade runner Ramses (7983 GRT) in the Indian Ocean about 830 nautical miles west-south-west of North West Cape, Australia in position 23°30'S, 99°21'E. However before the German ship can be captured she is scuttled by her own crew.
Light cruiser HNMS Jacob van Heemskerck: The Australian light cruiser HMAS Adelaide (A/Capt. J.C.D. Esdaile, OBE, RAN) and the Dutch light cruiser HrMs Jacob van Heemskerck (Cdr. E.J. van Holthe, RNN) intercept the German blockade runner Ramses (7983 GRT) in the Indian Ocean about 830 nautical miles west-south-west of North West Cape, Australia in position 23°30'S, 99°21'E. However before the German ship can be captured she is scuttled by her own crew.
Submarine HNMS O 23: HrMs O 23 (Lt.Cdr. A.M. Valkenburg, RNN) departed Colombo for her 17th war patrol (4th in the Far East). She was ordered to patrol in the Malacca Staits. For the daily positions of HrMs O 23 during this patrol see the map below. Ver HrMs O 23 17th war patrol click here for bigger map
Submarine USS Tautog: Lt Cmdr William Bernard Sieglaff relieves Lt Cmdr Joseph Harris Willingham as Commanding Officer of USS Tautog.
Submarine USS Gar: USS Gar (Lt.Cdr. Philip Decatur Quirk) departed Fremantle for her 5th war patrol.
Submarine USS Guardfish: USS Guardfish (Lt.Cdr. T.B. Klakring) ended her 2nd war patrol at Pearl Harbor.
Submarine USS Gurnard: USS Gurnard (Lt.Cdr. C.H. Andrews) departed from Rosneath for her 1st war patrol. She was ordered to patrol in the Bay of Biscay.
Armed Merchant Cruiser HMS Alcantara: HMS Alcantara (A/Capt.(retd.) J.D. Harvey, RN) picks up 18 survivors from the American merchant Jeremiah Wadsworth that was torpedoed and sunk the previous day by German U-boat U-178 about 270 nautical miles south of Cape Agulhas, South Africa in position 39°25'S, 22°23'E.
Submarine HMS Una: While on passage back from her patrol area to Malta and South of Sicily, at 2213 hours (zone -1) HMS Una (Lt. J.D. Martin, RN) was attacked by enemy Motor torpedo boats. Two torpedoes were evaded, one of which should otherwise have been a certain hit.
Submarine HMS Sickle: HMS P 224 (Lt. J.R. Drummond, DSC, RN) departed Birkenhead for Holy Loch.
Submarine HMS Splendid: HMS P 228 (Lt. I.L.M. McGeogh, RN) ended her 3rd war patrol (2nd in the Mediterranean) at Gibraltar.
Submarine HMS Torbay: With her refit completed HMS Torbay (Lt. R.J. Clutterbuck, RN) departed from the Devonport Dockyard bound for Holy Loch. She is to undergo a work-up and trials period in that area.
Submarine HMS Traveller: HMS Traveller (Lt.Cdr. D. St.Clair-Ford, RN) departed Malta for her 5th war patrol. She is to carry out a reconnaissance of Taranto in connection with Operation Principal (projected attacks by human torpedoes on Italian ports). She was not heard from again.
Submarine HMS Trusty: HMS Trusty (Lt.Cdr. E.F Balston, DSO, RN) is docked for repairs.
Submarine HMS Tactician: HMS P 314 (Lt.Cdr. E.A. Woodward, DSO and Bar, RN) departed from her builders yard at Barrow for Holy Loch.
Submarine HMS Unison: HMS P 43 (Lt. A.C. Halliday, RN) departed Malta for her 8th war patrol (6th in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to patrol to the North of Tunis.
Destroyer HMS Quentin: The Italian submarine Dessi? was sunk off Annaba, Algeria by the British destroyer HMS Quentin (Lt.Cdr. A.H.P. Noble, DSC, RN) and the Australian destroyer HMAS Quiberon (Cdr. H.W.S. Browning, OBE, RN).
Destroyer HMAS Quiberon: The Italian submarine Dessi? was sunk off Annaba, Algeria by the British destroyer HMS Quentin (Lt.Cdr. A.H.P. Noble, RN) and the Australian destroyer HMAS Quiberon (Cdr. H.W.S. Browning, OBE, RN).
Light cruiser HMS Birmingham: At 1117 hours on 28 November 1943, HMS Birmingham (Capt. H.W. Williams, RN) was torpedoed and very seriously damaged by German U-boat U-407 off the coast of Cyrenaica in position 33°05'N, 21°43'E. The cruiser managed to reach Alexandria, where temporary repairs were carried out. In June 1944, she sailed to the USA for permanent repairs and returned to service in November 1944. 29 lives were lost in this attack.
Submarine HNMS O 21: HrMs O 21 (Lt.Cdr. J.F. van Dulm, RNN) departed from Fremantle for Colombo. It is decided that she is to return to the U.K. for a refit. For the daily and attack positions of HrMs O 21 during the passage to the U.K. see the map below. HrMs O 21 passage Fremantle, Australia - Dundee, U.K.click here for bigger map
Submarine USS Gurnard: USS Gurnard (Lt.Cdr. C.H. Andrews) departed from Pearl Harbor for her 4th war patrol. she was ordered to patrol off the southeast coast of Honshu, Japan.
Submarine USS Raton: USS Raton (Lt.Cdr. J.W. Davis) torpedoed and sank the Japanese army cargo ships Hokko Maru (6787 GRT) and Yuri Maru (5346 GRT) north of New Guinea in position 01°40'N, 141°25'E.
Submarine USS Snook: While operating north-west of Saipan USS Snook (Lt.Cdr. C.O. Triebel) torpedoed and sank the Japanese army cargo ship Kotobuki Maru (5874 GRT) in position 18°48'N, 139°50'E and the Japanese troop transport Yamafuku Maru (4928 GRT) in position 18°21'N, 140°08'E.
Submarine USS Billfish: USS Billfish (Lt.Cdr. F.C. Lucas, Jr) attacked a freighter in the South China Sea, southeast of Qui Nhon, Vietnam, firing 5 torpedoes and claiming one hit for damage. This is unconfirmed.
Submarine USS Bowfin: USS Bowfin (Lt.Cdr. W.T. Griffith) torpedoes and sank the army cargo ship Sydney Maru (5425 GRT) and merchant tanker Tonan Maru (9839 GRT, offsite link) off the French Indo-China coast in position 12°45'N, 109°41'E. Bowfin in return is damaged by Japanese gunfire and is forced to terminate her patrol.
Submarine USS Aspro: USS Aspro (Lt.Cdr. Harry Clinton Stevenson) refuels at Midway.
Submarine HMS Trespasser: HMS Trespasser (Lt.Cdr. R.M. Favell, RN) makes a torpedo attack on a Japanese convoy to the South-East of Car Nicobar Island in position 08°47'N, 93°10'E. All torpedoes missed their intended target. (All times are zone -6.5) 1048 hours - Sighted smoke bearing 285°. Ran at speed to the South until masts and a funnel of a merchant ship escorted by a trawler were sighted. The merchant ship was similar to the Peking Maru. 1423 hours - Commenced attack. 1504 hours - In position 08°47'N, 93°10'E fired 6 torpedoes from an estimated range of 4600 yards, went deep. Three explosions were heard the first 4 min 50 sec after firing. The HE of the target ceased. The trawler hunted Trespasser for over an hour but no depth charges were dropped. It was thought possible that the target was sunk (The Japanese reported no sinking on this date in this area).
Submarine HMS Truculent: HMS Truculent (Lt.Cdr. R.L. Alexander, DSO, RN) arrived at Gibraltar. During her stay at Gibraltar she conducts exercises.
Submarine HMS Unswerving: HMS Unswerving (T/Lt. M.D. Tattersall, RNVR) conducted exercises off Londonderry.
Destroyer USS Harry F. Bauer: USS Harry F. Bauer departed from Norfolk bound for the Pacific.
Destroyer USS John W. Weeks: USS John W. Weeks (Cdr. R.A. Theobald. Jr.) arrived at San Francisco, California.
Destroyer USS Robert H. Smith: USS Robert H. Smith transits the Panama Canal.
Submarine HNMS Zwaardvisch: HrMs Zwaardvisch (Lt.Cdr. H.A.W. Goossens) departed from Fremantle for her 5th war patrol. She is to patrol in the South China Sea. For HrMs Zwaardvisch daily positions during this patrol see the map below. HrMs Zwaardvisch 5th war patrolclick here for bigger map
Submarine USS Kingfish: USS Kingfish (Cdr. T.E. Harper) ended her 9th war patrol at Guam.
Submarine USS Aspro: USS Aspro (Lt.Cdr. W.A. Stevenson) suffers a fire and is forced to return to Pearl Harbor for repairs.
Submarine USS Ronquil: USS Ronquil (Lt.Cdr. H.S. Monroe) ended her 2nd war patrol at Pearl Harbor.
Submarine HMS Strongbow: HMS Strongbow (Lt. J.A.R. Troup, DSC, RN) sank a Japanese tug and a barge with gunfire off the west coast of Sumatra. (All times are zone -6.5) 1205 hours - In position 01°11'S, 100°20'E sighted a 150 tons tug, flying the Japanese ensign. She was towing a large metal lighter of about 100 tons. She was passing between Pagang Island and the mainland. 1216 hours - Surfaced and engaged the tug with the 3" gun. Range was 1000 yards. The third round was a hit. 118 rounds were fired for 70 to 80 hits. 1237 hours - Dived in position 01°12'S, 100°22'E. 1240 hours - The tug disappeared into a cloud of steam, most likely it sank. The lighter was not seen also, considered it sank too.
Submarine HMS Spark: HMS Spark (Lt. D.G. Kent, RN) sank a sailing vessel with demolotion charges just North of the Mergui Archipelago, Burma. (All times are zone -6.5) 0945 hours - Sighted sails bearing 050°. Altered course to close. 1050 hours - Surfaced in position 12°46'N, 98°17'E, 50 yards abeam of a Mergui type sailing vessel of about 35 tons. Boarded. Took 5 prisoners and sank the vessel with demolition charges. The cargo consisted of tobacco.
Submarine HMS Stygian: HMS Stygian (Lt. G.S.C. Clarabut, DSO, RN) sank a coaster with gunfire in the Malacca Strait. (All times are zone -6.5) 1409 hours - Sighted an object moving down the coast, 8 nauticsl miles South of the mouth of the Bernam River. 1430 hours - Surfaced and identified the target as a Southbound coaster of about 200 tons, speed 8 knots. Opened fire from 6000 yards. 1450 hours - Ceased fire after firing 104 rounds. The target was hit several times but showed astonishingly little sign of damage. Range oould not be cloased further then 3000 yards. The target was in shallow water. Then a fire caught the cargo, most likely oil so then stood off to reach deeper water as the fire now would do the job. 1505 hours - The target exploded and sank.
Submarine HMS Trident: HMS Trident (A/Lt.Cdr. A.J.W. Pitt, DSO, RN) departed from Aden bound for Trincomalee.
Submarine HMS Tantivy: HMS Tantivy (Lt. P.H. May, RN) arrived at Exmouth Bay to top up with fuel and load fresh provisions. Also minor defects were repaired. She departed from early the next morning.
Submarine USSR K-51: K-51 sunk with gunfire the fishing boat Sollind (260 BRT)