Allied Warships

HMS Parthian (N 75)

Submarine of the P class

NavyThe Royal Navy
TypeSubmarine
ClassP 
PennantN 75 
Built byChatham Dockyard (Chatham, U.K.) 
Ordered2 Jan 1928 
Laid down30 Jun 1928 
Launched22 Jun 1929 
Commissioned13 Jan 1931 
Lost11 Aug 1943 
History

HMS Parthian was refitted in U.S.A. from late 1941 until March 1942. After this refit she went back to the Mediterranean and was used for supply runs to Malta. In May 1943 HMS Parthian (Lt. M.B. St. John, RN) sank several Italian sailing vessels while operating in the Aegean.

HMS Parthian (Lt. Cyril Astell Pardoe, RNR) is presumed mined in Adriatic late July / early August 1943. Having sailed from Malta on 22nd July for patrol west of Greece in the southern Adriatic. She was ordered to patrol off Otranto on 26th July 1943. She was again given a new area to patrol on the 28th. She was reported overdue at Beirut on 11th August 1943. Most likely she was mined off Brindisi. The date given as lost (11 August 1943) is the date she was reported missing.

 

Commands listed for HMS Parthian (N 75)

Please note that we're still working on this section.

CommanderFromTo
1Lt.Cdr. Michael Gordon Rimington, RN27 May 19388 Jul 1940
2Lt.Cdr. Richard Douglas Cayley, RN8 Jul 194017 Aug 1940
3Lt. Henry Denys Verschoyle, RN17 Aug 194018 Aug 1940
4Lt.Cdr. Richard Micaiah Towgood Peacock, RN18 Aug 194016 Sep 1940
5Lt.Cdr. Michael Gordon Rimington, DSO, RN16 Sep 194028 Nov 1941
6Lt.Cdr. Drummond St. Clair-Ford, RN28 Nov 1941Nov 1942
7Lt. Michael Beauchamp St. John, RNNov 194215 Jun 1943
8Lt. Cyril Astell Pardoe, RNR15 Jun 1943Jul/Aug 43 (+)

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Notable events involving Parthian include:


The page for this submarine is currently (October 2014 and onwards) being updated.

31 Aug 1939
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. M.G. Rimington, RN) departed Singapore to patrol off Sabang, Sumatra, Netherlands East Indies.

When war was declared on Germany on 3 September 1939 this patrol became her 1st war patrol. (1)

18 Sep 1939
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. M.G. Rimington, RN) ended her 1st war patrol at Singapore. (2)

26 Sep 1939
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. M.G. Rimington, RN) conducted exercises off Singapore. (2)

5 Oct 1939
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. M.G. Rimington, RN) departed Singapore for her 2nd war patrol. She was ordered to patrol in the Sunda Strait. (3)

25 Oct 1939
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. M.G. Rimington, RN) ended her 2nd war patrol at Singapore. (3)

1 Nov 1939
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. M.G. Rimington, RN) conducted exercises off Singapore. (4)

2 Nov 1939
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. M.G. Rimington, RN) conducted exercises off Singapore. (4)

3 Nov 1939
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. M.G. Rimington, RN) conducted exercises off Singapore. (4)

8 Nov 1939
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. M.G. Rimington, RN) conducted exercises off Singapore. (4)

9 Nov 1939
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. M.G. Rimington, RN) conducted exercises off Singapore. (4)

12 Nov 1939
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. M.G. Rimington, RN) departed Singpore for Hongkong where she was to refit. (4)

18 Nov 1939
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. M.G. Rimington, RN) arrived at Hong Kong. (4)

24 Nov 1939
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. M.G. Rimington, RN) was taken in hand for refit at Hong Kong. (4)

19 Dec 1939
During her refit HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. M.G. Rimington, RN) was docked at Hong Kong. (5)

2 Feb 1940
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. M.G. Rimington, RN) was undocked. (6)

8 Mar 1940
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. M.G. Rimington, RN) completed refit at Hong Kong and started her post refit trials. (7)

11 Mar 1940
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. M.G. Rimington, RN) conducted trials off Hong Kong. (7)

18 Mar 1940
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. M.G. Rimington, RN) conducted exercises off Hong Kong. (7)

19 Mar 1940
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. M.G. Rimington, RN) conducted exercises off Hong Kong. (7)

20 Mar 1940
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. M.G. Rimington, RN) conducted exercises off Hong Kong. (7)

1 Apr 1940
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. M.G. Rimington, RN) conducted exercises off Hong Kong. (8)

2 Apr 1940
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. M.G. Rimington, RN) departed Hong Kong for Singapore. (8)

8 Apr 1940
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. M.G. Rimington, RN) arrived at Singapore. (8)

10 Apr 1940
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. M.G. Rimington, RN) departed Singapore for Colombo. (8)

16 Apr 1940
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. M.G. Rimington, RN) arrived at Colombo. (8)

17 Apr 1940
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. M.G. Rimington, RN) departed Colombo for Aden. (8)

25 Apr 1940
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. M.G. Rimington, RN) arrived at Aden. (8)

26 Apr 1940
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. M.G. Rimington, RN) departed Aden for Port Said. (8)

1 May 1940
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. M.G. Rimington, RN) arrived at Port Said. (9)

2 May 1940
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. M.G. Rimington, RN) departed Port Said for Alexandria. (9)

3 May 1940
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. M.G. Rimington, RN) arrived at Alexandria. (9)

13 May 1940
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. M.G. Rimington, RN) conducted exercises off Alexandria. (9)

15 May 1940
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. M.G. Rimington, RN) conducted exercises off Alexandria. (9)

17 May 1940
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. M.G. Rimington, RN) conducted exercises off Alexandria with HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. R.T. Gordon-Duff, RN). (9)

21 May 1940
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. M.G. Rimington, RN) departed Alexandria for her 3rd war patrol (1st in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to patrol to the north of Crete. (9)

3 Jun 1940
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. M.G. Rimington, RN) ended her 3rd war patrol (1st in the Mediterranean) at Alexandria. (10)

14 Jun 1940
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. M.G. Rimington, RN) departed Alexandria for her 4th war patrol (2nd in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to patrol off the coast off Cyrenaica. (11)

19 Jun 1940
At 1243 hours (time zone -2) HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. M.G. Rimington, RN) fires two torpedoes from 6500 yards at the old Italian armoured cruiser San Giorgio that was moored inside Tobruk harbour. Both torpedoes exploded about 3/4 nautical mile short of the target. Most likely they hit a boom net.

During the afternoon Parthian was hunted by an enemy A/S vessel, most likely a destroyer, but she was not detected. A total of about 23 depth charges were dropped but none were close. (11)

20 Jun 1940
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. M.G. Rimington, RN) torpedoed and sank the Italian submarine Diamante (built 1933) about 35 nautical miles north-north-west of Tobruk, Libya in position 32°42'N, 23°49'E.

(All times are zone -2)
1445 hours - Sighted a submarine running on the surface at a range of 6500 yards. Started attack.

1502 hours - Fired four torpedoes from 400 yards. All four torpedoes hit the target which disintegrated. No survivors were seen on the surface. (11)

3 Jul 1940
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. M.G. Rimington, RN) ended her 4th war patrol (2nd in the Mediterranean) at Alexandria. (11)

8 Jul 1940
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. M.G. Rimington, RN) was docked at Alexandria.

Shortly afterwards Lt.Cdr. R.D. Cayley assumed temporary command of HMS Parthian as Lt.Cdr. Rimington was sick. (12)

13 Jul 1940
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. R.D. Cayley, RN) was undocked. (12)

16 Jul 1940
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. R.D. Cayley, RN) departed Alexandria for her 5th war patrol (3rd in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to conduct a special operation and to patrol off the Kithera Channel. Later she was ordered to patrol off the east coast of Sicily.

Before proceeding on patrol exercises were carried out with HMS Hasty (Lt.Cdr. L.R.K. Tyrwhitt, RN). (11)

20 Jul 1940
At 0130 HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. R.D. Cayley, RN) landed an agent (M. Spentidakis) on Crete at Gromeno Bay. (11)

27 Jul 1940
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. R.D. Cayley, RN) attacked a convoy of two merchant vessels near Siracuse, Sicily. Three torpedoes were fired at the leading merchant vessel but no hits were obtained.

(All times are zone -1)
0901 hours - In position 270°, Cape Murro di Porco, 6 nautical miles (approximately 36°59'N, 15°28'E), sighted two merchant vessels bearing 120°, range 7 nautical miles. Started attack.

0915 hours - Fired three torpedoes at the leading ship from 3000 yards. No hits were obtained. (11)

7 Aug 1940
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. R.D. Cayley, RN) ended her 5th war patrol (3rd in the Mediterranean) at Alexandria. (11)

19 Aug 1940
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. R.M.T. Peacock, RN) departed Alexandria for her 6th war patrol (4th in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to patrol in the Ionian Sea. (11)

31 Aug 1940
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. R.M.T. Peacock, RN) attacks the Italian cruisers Giuseppe Garibaldi and Luigi di Savoia Duca Delgi Abruzzi in the Ionian Sea about 105 nautical miles east-south-east of Cape Spartivento, Italy in position 37°45'N, 18°22'E. All torpedoes fired missed their targets.

(All times are zone -3)
1435 hours - When in position 37°47'N, 18°25'E the officer of the watch (S.Lt. G.D.N. Milner, RN) reported two warships hull down.

1439 hours - Started attack on the right-hand vessel.

1442 hours - Broke off the attack as the target was seen to be one of five Navigatori-class destroyers.

1443 hours - Two Zara-class cruisers were in sight. Started attack on the leading ship. Range was 8000 yards.

1452 hours - Fired six torpedoes from 350 yards. Speed of the enemy was estimated at 24 knots. Two explosions were heard after 13 and 16 seconds. Parthian had gone deep on firing. The second cruiser passed overhead when Parthian was at 60 feet.

1507 hours - Depth charging started. Only 9 depth charges were dropped and none were close.

1610 hours - No more HE was heard.

1720 hours - Returned to periscope depth. Nothing in sight. (11)

13 Sep 1940
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. R.M.T. Peacock, RN) ended her 6th war patrol (4th in the Mediterranean) at Alexandria. (11)

27 Sep 1940
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. M.G. Rimington, DSO, RN) was docked at Alexandria. As there is no log available for October 1940 the date of undocking is currently not known to us. (13)

9 Oct 1940
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. M.G. Rimington, DSO, RN) departed Alexandria for her ended her 7th war patrol (5th in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to patrol off the coast off Cyrenaica. This was later changed to an area off Cape Colonne, Calabria, Italy. (11)

12 Oct 1940
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. M.G. Rimington, DSO, RN) (11)

21 Oct 1940
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. M.G. Rimington, DSO, RN) (11)

31 Oct 1940
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. M.G. Rimington, DSO, RN) ended her 7th war patrol (5th in the Mediterranean) at Alexandria. (11)

15 Nov 1940
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. M.G. Rimington, DSO, RN) departed Alexandria for her ended her 8th war patrol (6th in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to patrol off Benghazi, Libya.

Before proceeding on patrol attack and A/S exercises were carried out with HMS Wolborough (Lt.Cdr. (retired) F.A.W. Ramsay, DSC, RN) and HMS Kingston Crystal (Lt.Cdr. G.H.P. James, RNR). (11)

3 Dec 1940
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. M.G. Rimington, DSO, RN) ended her 8th war patrol (6th in the Mediterranean) at Alexandria. (11)

16 Dec 1940
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. M.G. Rimington, DSO, RN) departed Alexandria for Malta. (14)

20 Dec 1940
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. M.G. Rimington, DSO, RN) arrived at Malta. (14)

29 Dec 1940
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. M.G. Rimington, DSO, RN) departed Malta for her 9th war patrol (7th in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to patrol off the Calabrian coast. (14)

31 Dec 1940
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. M.G. Rimington, DSO, RN) attacked two merchant vessels with torpedoes near Cape Spartivento, Calabria, Italy. No hits were obtained.

(All times are zone -1)
1539 hours - In position 37°53'N, 16°15'E sighted smoke bearing 250°. Turned towards at high speed but when doing so the after hydroplaned jambed at 10 degrees of dive and Parthian dived steeply and was halted at 95 feet by blowing forward main ballast. The hydroplanes then reacted correctly and trim was regained and Parthian returned to periscope depth.

1555 hours - The target was identified as a 5000 - 6000 tons merchant vessel. Started attack.

1626 hours - Fired four torpedoes from 6500 yards. No hits were obtained.

During the attack, at 1620 hours, Lt.Cdr. Rimington had sighted more smoke to the westward.

1640 hours - Started attack on this second ship.

1658 hours - This new target was identified as an elderly looking merchant vessel of 3000 tons.

1715 hours - Fired two torpedoes from 4500 yards. No hits were obtained. (14)

9 Jan 1941
HMS Parthian (Cdr. M.G. Rimington, DSO, RN) torpedoed and sank the Italian merchant Carlo Martinolich (4208 GRT, built 1928) about 10 nautical miles east of Punta Stilo, Calabria, Italy in position 38°28'N, 16°44'E. One of the crew of the mechant was killed, four were missing.

(All times are zone -1)
1442 hours - The officer of the watch (Lt. G.D.N. Milner, RN) sighted the masts and upperworks of a large merchant ship approaching from the direction of Messina.

1444 hours - Started attack. Range was about 5 to 6 nautical miles.

The target turned out to be a fairly modern merchant vessel of about 7000 - 8000 tons, fully laden.

1507 hours - Fired three torpedoes from 1200 yards. At 50 seconds and 68 seconds after firing the first torpedo loud explosions were heard. HE of the target ceased and she was heard breaking up. (15)

13 Jan 1941
HMS Parthian (Cdr. M.G. Rimington, DSO, RN) arrives at Piraeus, Greece. (15)

16 Jan 1941
HMS Parthian (Cdr. M.G. Rimington, DSO, RN) departed Piraeus for Alexandria. (15)

21 Jan 1941
HMS Parthian (Cdr. M.G. Rimington, DSO, RN) ended her 9th war patrol (7th in the Mediterranean) at Alexandria. (15)

27 Jan 1941
HMS Parthian (Cdr. M.G. Rimington, DSO, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Alexandria together with HMSAS Southern Floe (T/Lt. J.E.J. Lewis, SANF(V)) and HMSAS Southern Sea (T/Lt. A. Thomas SANF(V)). Upon completion of the exercises she set course for Port Said. (15)

29 Jan 1941
HMS Parthian (Cdr. M.G. Rimington, DSO, RN) arrived at Port Said. (15)

30 Jan 1941
HMS Parthian (Cdr. M.G. Rimington, DSO, RN) was docked at Port Said. (15)

6 Feb 1941
HMS Parthian (Cdr. M.G. Rimington, DSO, RN) was undocked. (16)

12 Feb 1941
HMS Parthian (Cdr. M.G. Rimington, DSO, RN) departed Port Said for Alexandria. (16)

13 Feb 1941
HMS Parthian (Cdr. M.G. Rimington, DSO, RN) arrived at Alexandria. (16)

17 Feb 1941
HMS Parthian (Cdr. M.G. Rimington, DSO, RN) departed Alexandria for her 10th war patrol (8th in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to perform a special operation at Kastelorizo Island. (17)

19 Feb 1941
During 18 and 19 February 1941, HMS Parthian (Cdr. M.G. Rimington, DSO, RN) carried out periscope reconnaissance from submerged. She was able to obtain nearly all the information required for the landing party for operation 'Abstention'. (17)

25 Feb 1941
HMS Parthian (Cdr. M.G. Rimington, DSO, RN) acted as a beacon to guide the ships in that participated in operation 'Abstention'.

A raiding party of 200 commando's was landed by destroyers HMS Decoy (Cdr. E.G. McGregor, DSO, RN) and HMS Hereward (Cdr. C.W. Greening, RN). Gunboat HMS Ladybird (Lt.Cdr. (retired) J.F. Blackburn, RN) landed Royal Marines. (17)

27 Feb 1941
HMS Parthian (Cdr. M.G. Rimington, DSO, RN) ended her 10th war patrol (8th in the Mediterranean) at Alexandria. (17)

6 Mar 1941
HMS Parthian (Cdr. M.G. Rimington, DSO, RN) departed Alexandria for her 11th war patrol (9th in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to patrol off the Calabrian coast. (17)

16 Mar 1941
HMS Parthian (Cdr. M.G. Rimington, DSO, RN) torpedoed and damaged the Italian merchant Giovanni Boccaccio (3141 GRT, built 1919) off Capo dell'Armi in position 37°57'N, 15°40'E.

(All times are zone -2)
1120 hours - Sighted a large quantity of smoke in the Straits appartently coming down.

1150 hours - Sighted masts and funnels of three merchant ships and what appeared to be a cruiser. The ships were very difficult to identify due to mirage effect.

As time progressed the ships were identified as a 6000 tons merchant ship, a 10000 tons tanker and a merchant ship of 4500 tons. The cruiser was seen to be a sloop or corvette type of ship. Started attack.

1239 hours - Fired three torpedoes at the leading merchant ship from 2100 yards.

1241 hours - Fired a second salvo of three torpedoes at the tanker from 1000 yards.

It is thought that several torpedo hits had been obtained but as a counter attack started immediately and 5 depth charges were dropped. The last two were very close and shook Parthian considerably. The results of the attack could therefore not be observed.

7 More depth were then dropped also very close. The hunt continued for quite some time but the escort was not in contact and by 1545 hours no more HE could be heard. (17)

24 Mar 1941
HMS Parthian (Cdr. M.G. Rimington, DSO, RN) ended her 11th war patrol (9th in the Mediterranean) at Alexandria. (17)

4 Apr 1941
HMS Parthian (Cdr. M.G. Rimington, DSO, RN) departed Alexandria for Port Said. (18)

5 Apr 1941
HMS Parthian (Cdr. M.G. Rimington, DSO, RN) arrived at Port Said here she was docked for repairs. The dates of docking and undocking are not mentioned in the ships log. (18)

13 May 1941
With her repairs completed HMS Parthian (Cdr. M.G. Rimington, DSO, RN) conducted trials off Port Said. (19)

15 May 1941
HMS Parthian (Cdr. M.G. Rimington, DSO, RN) conducted trials off Port Said.

As there were still problems with her after hydroplanes she was docked again later the same day. (19)

17 May 1941
HMS Parthian (Cdr. M.G. Rimington, DSO, RN) was undocked and then conducted trials off Port Said again.

As there were still problems with her after hydroplanes she was docked yet again later the same day. (19)

20 May 1941
HMS Parthian (Cdr. M.G. Rimington, DSO, RN) was undocked. (19)

21 May 1941
HMS Parthian (Cdr. M.G. Rimington, DSO, RN) departed Port Said for Alexandria. (19)

22 May 1941
HMS Parthian (Cdr. M.G. Rimington, DSO, RN) arrived at Alexandria. (19)

23 May 1941
HMS Parthian (Cdr. M.G. Rimington, DSO, RN) departed Alexandria for her 12th war patrol (10th in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to patrol in the Aegean off the Dardanelles. (17)

3 Jun 1941
HMS Parthian (Cdr. M.G. Rimington, DSO, RN) torpedoed and damaged the Italian oiler Strombo (5232 GRT, built 1923) east of Limnos in position 39°57'N, 25°38'E.

(All times are zone -3)
1250 hours - The officer of the watch (Lt. P.H. May, RN) sighted three ships to the southward. Closed to investigate.

1301 hours - In position 39°58'N, 25°58'E it was seen that the ships sighted were a convoy of tankers, 2 large and 1 medium-seized. They were escorted by two destroyers. Soon the destroyers made off towards Mudros at high speed leaving the convoy to do the last 12 miles to Cape Helles unescorted, except for one seaplane. Started attack.

1329 hours - Fired three torpedoes at the rear tanker, thought to be 7000 - 8000 tons, from 7000 yards.

1334 hours - Heard a torpedo explosion. Upon returning to periscope depth saw that the rear tanker had been hit and was badly damaged. She was listing 15-20 degrees to port with her stern nearly awash and the whole afterpart was on fire. Both destroyers were racing back towards the scene. Parthian went deep and cleared the area.

[The other tankers in the convoy were Dora C. (5843 GRT, built 1922) and Annarella (5999 GRT, built 1913), they had been escorted by the Italian torpedo-boats Castelfidardo and Calatafimi. (17)

8 Jun 1941
HMS Parthian (Cdr. M.G. Rimington, DSO, RN) sank 2 sailing vessels and another small vessel at Mitylene, Lesbos, Greece. Also the jetty was destroyed. Parthian had fired two torpedoes in the harbour but the first just missed the targets, the second torpedo hit.

(All times are zone -3)
0709 hours - Fired a stern torpedo (old Mark II type) at 2 schooners seen moored alongside the jetty inside Mitylene harbour. The torpedo broke surface violently about 300 yards astern jumping right out of the water. She then settled down again but ran 30 yards to port missing the targets.

0710 hours - Fired another Mark II torpedo from the other stern tube. This torpedo hit right between the two moored schooners and a lighter. When the smoke had cleared there was no more sign of both schooners, the lighter and even the jetty had gone. (17)

13 Jun 1941
HMS Parthian (Cdr. M.G. Rimington, DSO, RN) ended her 12th war patrol (10th in the Mediterranean) at Alexandria. (17)

21 Jun 1941
HMS Parthian (Cdr. M.G. Rimington, DSO, RN) departed Alexandria for her 13th war patrol (11th in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to patrol off Syria. (17)

25 Jun 1941
HMS Parthian (Cdr. M.G. Rimington, DSO, RN) torpedoed and sank the Vichy French submarine Souffleur (built 1927) off Beirut in position 33°49'N, 35°26'E.

(All times are zone -3)
1235 hours - The officer of the watch (Lt. G.D.N. Milner, RN) sighted a Requin-class > south-west of Beirut in positionsubmarine on the surface bearing 005°, range 6000 yards. This was most likely the submarine sighted earlier in the morning but that dived when about to fire torpedoes.

1246 hours - Fired four torpedoes from 2000 to 3000 yards. One torpedo hit the target underneath the conning tower. The submarine broke in two and sank rapidly. Parthian went deep and retired to seaward. (17)

28 Jun 1941
At 0100 hours (zone -1) HMS Parthian (Cdr. M.G. Rimington, DSO, RN) tried to ram a French Requin-class submarine about 12 nautical miles north-west of Beirut in position 34°04'N, 35°19'E. Parthian just missed the stern of the French submarine which was diving. Parthian then also dived and while doing so the after hydroplanes again jambed. Depth control was however soon regained.

The submarine encountered was most likely Caiman but she did not reported any encounter with an enemy submarine. (17)

1 Jul 1941
HMS Parthian (Cdr. M.G. Rimington, DSO, RN) put into Haifa as ordered the previous day. (17)

2 Jul 1941
HMS Parthian (Cdr. M.G. Rimington, DSO, RN) departed Haifa to resume her patrol. (17)

5 Jul 1941
HMS Parthian (Cdr. M.G. Rimington, DSO, RN) again put into Haifa. (17)

9 Jul 1941
HMS Parthian (Cdr. M.G. Rimington, DSO, RN) departed Haifa for Alexandria. (17)

11 Jul 1941
HMS Parthian (Cdr. M.G. Rimington, DSO, RN) ended her 13th war patrol (11th in the Mediterranean) at Alexandria. (17)

21 Jul 1941
HMS Parthian (Cdr. M.G. Rimington, DSO, RN) departed Alexandria for passage to Malta. On the 27th she was ordered by Capt. S10 to take up a patrol position to intercept a southbound enemy convoy making this Parthian's 14th war patrol (12th in the Mediterranean).

Parthian was to proceed to the U.S.A. for a much needed refit. (17)

28 Jul 1941
Having not sighted the convoy HMS Parthian (Cdr. M.G. Rimington, DSO, RN) continued her passage to Malta. (17)

30 Jul 1941
HMS Parthian (Cdr. M.G. Rimington, DSO, RN) ended her 14th war patrol (12th in the Mediterranean) at Malta. (17)

3 Aug 1941
HMS Parthian (Cdr. M.G. Rimington, DSO, RN) departed Malta for Gibraltar. (20)

9 Aug 1941
HMS Parthian (Cdr. M.G. Rimington, DSO, RN) arrived at Gibraltar. (20)

29 Aug 1941
HMS Parthian (Cdr. M.G. Rimington, DSO, RN) departed Portsmouth for Dartmouth. (20)

30 Aug 1941
HMS Parthian (Cdr. M.G. Rimington, DSO, RN) arrived at Dartmouth. (20)

1 Sep 1941
HMS Parthian (Cdr. M.G. Rimington, DSO, RN) conducted exercises off Dartmouth. (21)

2 Sep 1941
HMS Parthian (Cdr. M.G. Rimington, DSO, RN) departed Dartmouth for Portsmouth, U.S.A. where she was to refit at the Navy Yard. (21)

16 Sep 1941
HMS Parthian (Cdr. M.G. Rimington, DSO, RN) arrived at the Portsmouth Navy Yard to commence her refit. (21)

15 Feb 1942
With her reit completed HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. D. St. Clair-Ford, RN) departed the Portsmouth Navy Yard for New London, Connecticut, U.S.A. (22)

16 Feb 1942
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. D. St. Clair-Ford, RN) arrived at the U.S.N. submarine base at New London for a period of trials and training. (22)

20 Feb 1942
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. D. St. Clair-Ford, RN) is put on the slipway at New London. (22)

25 Feb 1942
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. D. St. Clair-Ford, RN) is put back in the water. (22)

7 Mar 1942
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. D. St. Clair-Ford, RN) departed New London for Gibraltar. (23)

9 Mar 1942
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. D. St. Clair-Ford, RN) returned to New London with defects she had developed the previous day. (23)

13 Mar 1942
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. D. St. Clair-Ford, RN) is put on the slipway at New London. (23)

23 Mar 1942
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. D. St. Clair-Ford, RN) is put back in the water. (23)

17 Apr 1942
With repairs completed HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. D. St. Clair-Ford, RN) started another period of trials and training off New London. (24)

23 Apr 1942
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. D. St. Clair-Ford, RN) departed New London for Gibraltar. (24)

28 Apr 1942
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. D. St. Clair-Ford, RN) again developed mechanical problems. Course was set towards Bermuda to effect repairs. (24)

30 Apr 1942
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. D. St. Clair-Ford, RN) arrived at Bermuda. (24)

30 May 1942
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. D. St. Clair-Ford, RN) conducted trials off Bermuda. (25)

31 May 1942
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. D. St. Clair-Ford, RN) was docked at Bermuda to repair her fuel tanks that were leaking. (25)

4 Jun 1942
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. D. St. Clair-Ford, RN) was undocked. (26)

7 Jun 1942
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. D. St. Clair-Ford, RN) conducted trials off Bermuda. (26)

8 Jun 1942
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. D. St. Clair-Ford, RN) departed Bermuda for Gibraltar. (26)

20 Jun 1942
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. D. St. Clair-Ford, RN) arrived at Gibraltar. (26)

8 Jul 1942
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. D. St. Clair-Ford, RN) departed Gibraltar for Malta. This was her 1st storage trip. (27)

18 Jul 1942
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. D. St. Clair-Ford, RN) arrived at Malta. Unloading of the cargo commenced immediately.

As Parthian had developed engine problems she remained at Malta for repairs. (27)

31 Jul 1942
With her engine repairs completed HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. D. St. Clair-Ford, RN) departed Malta for Gibraltar. She had on board 45 passengers. This was her 2nd storage trip. (27)

10 Aug 1942
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. D. St. Clair-Ford, RN) arrived at Gibraltar. (28)

5 Sep 1942
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. D. St. Clair-Ford, RN) was docked at Gibraltar. (29)

9 Sep 1942
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. D. St. Clair-Ford, RN) was undocked. (29)

22 Sep 1942
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. D. St. Clair-Ford, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Gibraltar together with HMS Lord Hotham and HMS Coltsfoot. (29)

23 Sep 1942
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. D. St. Clair-Ford, RN) conducted attack exercises off Gibraltar together with HMS Lookout.

26 Sep 1942
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. D. St. Clair-Ford, RN) departed Gibraltar for Malta. Before proceeding she carried out practice attacks on HMS P 48.

This was her 3rd storage trip. Parthian had on board:
4 tons of canteen stores
8 Mk VIII torpedoes
80 bags of mail
16400 gallons of diesel oil
2300 gallons of lubricating oil (17)

3 Oct 1942
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. D. St. Clair-Ford, RN) arrived at Malta where the unloading of stores and mail started immediately. (17)

5 Oct 1942
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. D. St. Clair-Ford, RN) departed Malta for Beirut. She had on board 16 passengers and
736 lbs of wardroom stores
100 hammocks and bedding
12 cases of flares
O, P and R-class submarine spare gear

This was her 4th storage trip. (17)

13 Oct 1942
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. D. St. Clair-Ford, RN) arrived at Beirut. (17)

25 Oct 1942
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. D. St. Clair-Ford, RN) conducted exercises off Beirut. (30)

26 Oct 1942
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. D. St. Clair-Ford, RN) departed Beirut for Malta. This was her 5th storage trip. (17)

2 Nov 1942
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. D. St. Clair-Ford, RN) arrived at Malta where the unloading of the stores started immediately.

Parthian had on board
5 tons of dehydrated cabbage
5 18" torpedoes
80 bags of mail
3000 gallons of diesel fuel
6 passengers (17)

4 Nov 1942
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. D. St. Clair-Ford, RN) departed Malta for her 15th war patrol (13th in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to patrol off the east and south-east coast of Sicily. (17)

12 Nov 1942
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. D. St. Clair-Ford, RN) is ordered to a new patrol area, near Maretimmo Island to the west of Sicily. (17)

13 Nov 1942
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. D. St. Clair-Ford, RN) attacked an escorted merchant vessel north of Marettimo Island.

(All times are zone -1)
1614 hours - Sighted a large merchant ship escorted by a three funnelled torpedo-boat with an aircraft flying overhead bearing 074°, range 6 nautical miles. Started attack.

1637 hours - Fired four torpedoes from 4000 yards. One loud explosion was heard 3 m 16s after firing.

1643 hours - A counter attack by the torpedo-boat started.

1756 hour - The last depth charge was dropped by the torpedo boat. 23 Depth charges in all had been dropped. Some were quite close causing some minor damage.

[The patrol report does not mention an attack position and as there is no log available the position of the attack is not known to us for the moment]. (17)

16 Nov 1942
HMS Parthian (Lt. M.B. St. John, RN) fires four torpedoes against a large unescorted merchant vessel to the north-west of Marettimo Island in position 38°03'N, 11°51'E. No hits were obtained.

(All times are zone -1)
1045 hours - Sighted a large merchant vessel hull down bearing 005°, range 8000 yards. Altered course to attack.

1051 hours - Enemy now right ahead. Enemy course was 260°. She was a large single funnel armed merchant vessel, possibly an Armed Merchant Cruiser.

1118 hours - Fired four torpedoes from 4000 yards. One explosion was heard that might have been a torpedo hit. (17)

20 Nov 1942
HMS Parthian (Lt.Cdr. D. St. Clair-Ford, RN) ended her 15th war patrol (13th in the Mediterranean) at Malta.

Parthian had returned from patrol with a whole lot of serious defects. By now it had become clear that the refit at the Portsmouth Navy Yard in the U.S.A. was not thoroughly carried out. (17)

10 Dec 1942
HMS Parthian (Lt. M.B. St. John, RN) departed Malta for her 16th war patrol (14th in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to patrol ????? (Linosa ?).

12 Dec 1942
HMS Parthian (Lt. M.B. St. John, RN) ended her 16th war patrol (14th in the Mediterranean) at Malta. This patrol had to be aborted due to serious defects.

8 Jan 1943
HMS Parthian (Lt. M.B. St. John, RN) departed Malta for Beirut. (17)

13 Jan 1943
When diving early in the moring HMS Parthian (Lt. M.B. St. John, RN) went rapidly from 80 feet to 150 feet due to a malfuctioning valve. This rapid descend resulted in structural damage to a fuel tank. (17)

14 Jan 1943
HMS Parthian (Lt. M.B. St. John, RN) arrived at Beirut.

As Parthian was suffering from many serious defects on top of the damage from yesterday's event it was decided to give Parthian a short refit by the depot ships staff. (17)

16 Feb 1943
HMS Parthian (Lt. M.B. St. John, RN) departed Beirut for Port Said. (31)

18 Feb 1943
HMS Parthian (Lt. M.B. St. John, RN) arrived at Port Said. (31)

19 Feb 1943
HMS Parthian (Lt. M.B. St. John, RN) was docked at Port Said. (31)

3 Mar 1943
HMS Parthian (Lt. M.B. St. John, RN) was undocked. She then continued her refit at Port Said. (32)

15 Mar 1943
HMS Parthian (Lt. M.B. St. John, RN) departed Port Said for Beirut. (32)

17 Mar 1943
HMS Parthian (Lt. M.B. St. John, RN) arrived at Beirut. En-route she had performed a deep dive to 350 feet. (32)

23 Mar 1943
HMS Parthian (Lt. M.B. St. John, RN) departed Beirut for her 17th war patrol (15th in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to patrol in the Aegean. (17)

28 Mar 1943
HMS Parthian (Lt. M.B. St. John, RN) sank four sailing vessels on this day with gunfire, demolition charges and ramming.

(All times are zone -2)
0730 hours - Surfaced to the east of the Doro Channel and engaged a 30 tons caique bound for the Doro Channel. The opening range was 3000 yards. 14 rounds were fired with range closing. The crew of seven abandoned ship in their dinghy. Parthian went alongside and placed a boarding party on board. The ships papers were taken as well as some loot. Cargo was olive oil and stored. Demolition charges were placed and she blew up at 0815 hours.

----------------------------------------

0930 hours - In position 38°17'N, 24°55'E closed an east bound caique and hailed her alongside. The caique was packed with refugees and allowed to proceed. One former Greek Army officers was retained on board.

----------------------------------------

1715 hours - Surfaced in position 39°20'N, 25°30'E and opened fire on a 20 tons west bound caique. 12 Rounds were fired before the caique sank. Opening range was 4000. The last round was fired from 700 yards. She was loaded with kerosine. Three survivors were picked up and placed on upturned wreckage.
[This was the Greek sailing vessel MY 46 / Angela (25 GRT).]

Parthian then closed another caique 8 nautical miles to the westward. Three rounds were fired across the bows of this caique and the crew abandoned ship. This caique was estimated at 120 tons. Parthian slightly damaged the caique while going alongside and as a result of this she sank shortly afterwards to our amazement.
[This was the Greek sailing vessel SYR 320 / Archangelos (61 GRT).]
(17)

29 Mar 1943
HMS Parthian (Lt. M.B. St. John, RN) attacked an escorted merchant vessel about 20 nautical miles west of the entrance to the Dardanelles. Four torpedoes were fired at this ship but no hits were obtained. In the same attack two torpedoes were fired at one of the escorts thought to be a sloop. These torpedoes also missed.

(All times are zone -2)
0923 hours - In position 39°59'N, 25°43'E sighted a merchant vessel of 2000 - 3000 tons. She was escorted by a destroyer, a sloop, an armed tug and four motor boats. Also three aircraft were patrolling overhead. Started attack.

In the attack two stern torpedoes were fired at the sloop and four bow torpedoes were fired at the merchant ship. No hits were obtained. Parthian went deep on firing and was hunted but the patrol report makes no mention of depth charges being dropped. (17)

30 Mar 1943
In the morning HMS Parthian (Lt. M.B. St. John, RN) bombarded a factory near Cape Paliuri, Greece. 78 Rounds were fired, 68 fell in the target area. Also four caiques were destroyer and the hulls of five more that were on the beach (building ?) were also destroyed. One of the four caiques is so far not identified the others were Evangelistria, CHI 73 / Maria and Vol 252 / Agios Spiridon. (17)

31 Mar 1943
During the morning (the patrol report does not mention a time) HMS Parthian (Lt. M.B. St. John, RN) sank the Greek caique Elpis by setting it on fire to the North of Skiathos. The cargo was fuel oil. The crew was evacuated to another small caique. (17)

10 Apr 1943
HMS Parthian (Lt. M.B. St. John, RN) ended her 17th war patrol (15th in the Mediterranean) at Beirut. (17)

25 Apr 1943
HMS Parthian (Lt. M.B. St. John, RN) departed Beirut for Port Said. (33)

27 Apr 1943
HMS Parthian (Lt. M.B. St. John, RN) arrived at Port Said. (33)

29 Apr 1943
HMS Parthian (Lt. M.B. St. John, RN) was docked at Port Said to have both propellers changed. She was undocked later the same day. (32)

30 Apr 1943
HMS Parthian (Lt. M.B. St. John, RN) departed Port Said for her 18th war patrol (16th in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to conduct a special operation and to patrol in the Aegean. (17)

2 May 1943
In the evening HMS Parthian (Lt. M.B. St. John, RN) landed a party of three on the south coast of Crete. (17)

4 May 1943
HMS Parthian (Lt. M.B. St. John, RN) sank the sailing vessel Rodi 1606 / Despina II (13 GRT) with gunfire off Kos, Greece.

(All times are zone -3)
0800 hours - In position 36°36'N, 26°48'E sighted a caique coming from the south and steering round Cape Daphni (Kos). Closed to attack with the gun.

1004 hours - Surfaced and opened fire on the caique which was flying the Italian flag. 8 Rounds were fired before she sank. Opening range was 2500 yards and the last shot was fired from 300 yards. Her cargo was fuel oil in drums, stores and also several sheep were seen. Three survivors were allowed to escape towards Kos in their dinghy. (17)

5 May 1943
HMS Parthian (Lt. M.B. St. John, RN) attacked an Italian escort vessel with gunfire about 7 nautical miles north-east of the Doro Channel in position 38°20'N, 24°46'E.

(All times are zone -3)
1940 hours - Sighted a mast and funnel near the Euboea side of the strait. This turned out to be the same escort vessel that was attacked by Parthian off the Dardanelles on 29 March 1943. Range was closed to 1000 yards and since she appeared lighly armed and as it was growing dark, it was decided to risk a gun action.

Surfaced and opened fire with the 4" gun. The second hit at the base of the funnel causing a vivid flash or orange flame and scattering tracer ammunition in all directions. When she came head on she received four more hits, one on the side of bridge and the remainder forward. Although extensive damage must have been inflicted the enemy now got one of her quick-firing guns into action with far too much accurecy. We therefore dived receiving several hits in the progress, one of which entered the bridge about one foot from the commanding officer. We had hoped that with the hits on the bridge we had rendered the enemy in-operative in the A/S sense.

15 Minutes later however the target commenced an A/S hunt using Asdics. He was joined half an hour later by another ship that was not using Asdics. In all they dropped 76 depth charges all most uncomfortably close. The last pattern of depth charges was dropped at 2110 hours.

2200 hours - HE had faded so surfaced and ran at full speed to the north-east. (17)

7 May 1943
HMS Parthian (Lt. M.B. St. John, RN) bombarded Platamone with 41 rounds at 2015 hours. Two caiques were claimed sunk with one hit each, one of 70 tons and one of 30 tons. One of these caiques was SAL 92 / Agios Issidoros (22 GRT).

The action was broken off when Parthian received return fire. One of her gun crew was mortally wounded and died later that night. He was buried at sea.

Lt. St. John decided to abandon the patrol as the attack periscope was out of action amongst other minor mechanical problems. (17)

12 May 1943
HMS Parthian (Lt. M.B. St. John, RN) ended her 18th war patrol (16th in the Mediterranean) at Beirut. (17)

27 May 1943
HMS Parthian (Lt. M.B. St. John, RN) departed Beirut for her 19th war patrol (17th in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to patrol in the western Aegean. (17)

10 Jun 1943
HMS Parthian (Lt. M.B. St. John, RN) ended her 19th war patrol (17th in the Mediterranean) at Beirut. The patrol had been uneventful. (17)

20 Jun 1943
HMS Parthian (Lt. C.A. Pardoe, RNR) departed Beirut for her 20th war patrol (18th in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to conduct a special operation off Sicily. (17)

23 Jun 1943
As the special operation HMS Parthian (Lt. C.A. Pardoe, RNR) was to perform is cancelled she is ordered to patrol in the western Aegean. (17)

30 Jun 1943
HMS Parthian (Lt. C.A. Pardoe, RNR) attacked the Greek merchant (in German service) Tanais (1545 GRT, built 1907) off Suda Bay, Crete, Greece. Three torpedoes were fired but the escorting aircraft sighted to torpedo tracks and warned the target so the torpedoes were evaded.

(All times are zone -3)
0457 hours - Dived in position 35°36'N, 24°19'E. A while later sighted a 3000 tons merchant ship. She was deeply laden and escorted by two seaplanes. Started attack.

0635 hours - Fired three torpedoes from 5000 yards. It was intended to fire four torpedoes but due to a malfuntion the 4th torpedo could not be fired. Two exposions were heard 4 minutes after firing giving a running range of 5500 yards.

0645 hours - Returned to periscope depth. Sighted a lot of smoke on the approximate bearing of the target. One of the aircraft was circling overhead. (17)

7 Jul 1943
HMS Parthian (Lt. C.A. Pardoe, RNR) ended her 20th war patrol (18th in the Mediterranean) at Malta. (17)

22 Jul 1943
HMS Parthian (Lt. C.A. Pardoe, RNR) departed Malta for her 22th war patrol (19th in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to patrol in the Adriatic. (33)

5 Aug 1943
At 1930 hours an Italian aircraft reported having attacked a submarine in position 151°, Point Linguetta, 6 miles. (Point Linguetta is near Vlorë, Albania). Following an attack with depth charges an oil patch was observed.

It is most likely that if this attack is genuine the target was HMS Parthian and might explain her loss.

Sources

  1. ADM 173/15901
  2. ADM 173/15902
  3. ADM 173/15903
  4. ADM 173/15904
  5. ADM 173/15905
  6. ADM 173/16408
  7. ADM 173/16409
  8. ADM 173/16410
  9. ADM 173/16411
  10. ADM 173/16412
  11. ADM 199/283
  12. ADM 173/16413
  13. ADM 173/16415
  14. ADM 173/16418
  15. ADM 173/16885
  16. ADM 173/16886
  17. ADM 199/1832
  18. ADM 173/16888
  19. ADM 173/16889
  20. ADM 173/16892
  21. ADM 173/16893
  22. ADM 173/17345
  23. ADM 173/17346
  24. ADM 173/17347
  25. ADM 173/17348
  26. ADM 173/17349
  27. ADM 173/17350
  28. ADM 173/17351
  29. ADM 173/17352
  30. ADM 173/17353
  31. ADM 173/17889
  32. ADM 199/1916
  33. ADM 199/2565

ADM numbers indicate documents at the British National Archives at Kew, London.


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