Allied Warships

HMS Unbending (P 37)

Submarine of the U class

NavyThe Royal Navy
TypeSubmarine
ClassU 
PennantP 37 
Built byVickers Armstrong (Barrow-in-Furness, U.K.) 
Ordered11 Mar 1940 
Laid down30 Aug 1940 
Launched12 May 1941 
Commissioned5 Nov 1941 
End service 
History

Sold to be broken up for scrap on 23 December 1949. Scrapped at Gateshead in May 1950.

 

Commands listed for HMS Unbending (P 37)

Please note that we're still working on this section.

CommanderFromTo
Anthony James Sumption, RNVR
Alan Flockhart Esson, RNR11 Jun 1945
1Lt. Henry Winter, RN10 Sep 194131 Jul 1942
2Lt. Edward Talbot Stanley, DSC, RN31 Jul 19424 Jun 1943
3Lt. Robert Henry Hugh Brunner, RN4 Jun 1943

4Lt. John Dennis Martin, DSC, RN9 Aug 194315 Jun 1944
5Lt. Jack Whitton, DSC, RN15 Jun 194429 Jan 1945
6Lt. Paul Charles Chapman, DSO, DSC, RN29 Jan 1945

7T/Lt. Richard George Wade, RNVR11 Jun 194512 Jul 1945
8Lt. Oliver Lascelles, DSC, RN12 Jul 19453 Dec 1945

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Notable events involving Unbending include:


The page for this submarine is currently (October 2014 and onwards) being updated.

4 Nov 1941
HMS P 37 (Lt. H. Winter, RN) departed her builders yard at Barrow for Holy Loch. She was escorted by HMS White Bear (Cdr. (retired) C.C. Flemming, RN). (1)

5 Nov 1941
HMS P 37 (Lt. H. Winter, RN) arrived at Holy Loch for a period of trials and training. (1)

27 Nov 1941
HMS P 37 (Lt. H. Winter, RN) departed Holy Loch for Scapa Flow. She was escorted by HMS White Bear (Cdr. (retired) C.C. Flemming, RN). (1)

29 Nov 1941
HMS P 37 (Lt. H. Winter, RN) arrived at Scapa Flow to participate in A/S exercises. (1)

5 Dec 1941
HMS P 37 (Lt. H. Winter, RN) departed Scapa Flow for her 1st war patrol. She was ordered to patrol off central Norway. (2)

14 Dec 1941
HMS P 37 (Lt. H. Winter, RN) ended her 1st war patrol at Lerwick. (2)

15 Dec 1941
HMS P 37 (Lt. H. Winter, RN) departed Lerwick for Scapa Flow. She was escorted by HMS Wheatland (Lt. R.deL. Brooke, RN). (2)

16 Dec 1941
HMS P 37 (Lt. H. Winter, RN) arrived at Scapa Flow. (2)

13 Jan 1942
HMS P 37 (Lt. H. Winter, RN) departed Scapa Flow for Dundee. She was escorted by HMS Scalby Wyke (Skr. C.A. Grimmer, RNR). (3)

14 Jan 1942
HMS P 37 (Lt. H. Winter, RN) arrived at Dundee. (3)

28 Jan 1942
HMS P 37 (Lt. H. Winter, RN) departed Dundee for Lerwick. She was escorted by HMS Loch Monteith (T/Lt. K.W. Richardson, RNR). (3)

29 Jan 1942
HMS P 37 (Lt. H. Winter, RN) arrived at Lerwick. (3)

10 Feb 1942
HMS P 37 (Lt. H. Winter, RN) departed Lerwick for her 2nd war patrol. She was ordered to patrol off Norway, Kristiansund area. (4)

27 Feb 1942
At 1700 hours HMS P 37 (Lt. H. Winter, RN) made contact with her escort towards Dundee, HMS Stella Pegasi (T/Lt. F.S. Howell, RNR). (4)

28 Feb 1942
HMS P 37 (Lt. H. Winter, RN) ended her 2nd war patrol at Dundee. (4)

5 Mar 1942
HMS P 37 (Lt. H. Winter, RN) developed problems with her battery which required repairs. (3)

25 Mar 1942
HMS P 37 (Lt. H. Winter, RN) departed Dundee for Lerwick. She was escorted by HMS Loch Monteith (T/Lt. K.W. Richardson, RNR). (3)

26 Mar 1942
HMS P 37 (Lt. H. Winter, RN) arrived at Lerwick. (3)

27 Mar 1942
HMS P 37 (Lt. H. Winter, RN) departed Lerwick for her 3rd war patrol. She was ordered to patrol off Norway to take over the patrol area of HMS Tuna. (4)

14 Apr 1942
HMS P 37 (Lt. H. Winter, RN) fired two torpedoes at a suspected u-boat in the Norwegian Sea. Two torpedoes were fired and one torpedo explosion was heard. No u-boats were operating near this position so the contact must have been bogus, perhaps the contact was a whale or a shoal of porpoises.

(All times are zone -1)
1015 hours – In approximate position 62.42’N, 03.10’E while proceeding dived heard strange noises. Suspected a u-boat. Closed to investigate.

During the next period the suspected u-boat was tracked.

1353 hours – Fired two torpedoes against suspected u-boat.

1403 hours – Heard a loud explosion.

1420 hours – Closed the position of the explosion, found nothing.

1600 hours - Proceeded. (4)

16 Apr 1942
HMS P 37 (Lt. H. Winter, RN) ended her 3rd war patrol at Lerwick. She departed for Dundee later the same day together with FFL Rubis. They were escorted by HMS Loch Monteith (T/Lt. K.W. Richardson, RNR). (4)

17 Apr 1942
HMS P 37 (Lt. H. Winter, RN) arrived at Dundee. She arrived at Dundee with several defects which required her to be docked. The date of docking is (for the moment) unknown to us. (3)

1 May 1942
HMS P 37 (Lt. H. Winter, RN) was undocked. (3)

14 May 1942
HMS P 37 (Lt. H. Winter, RN) departed Dundee for Lerwick. She was escorted by HMS Loch Monteith (T/Lt. K.W. Richardson, RNR). (3)

15 May 1942
HMS P 37 (Lt. H. Winter, RN) arrived at Lerwick. (3)

16 May 1942
HMS P 37 (Lt. H. Winter, RN) departed Lerwick for her 4th war patrol. She was ordered to patrol off northern Norway to provide cover during convoy operations to and from northern Russia (convoy PQ 16 / QP 12). (4)

1 Jun 1942
HMS P 37 (Lt. H. Winter, RN) ended her 4th war patrol at Lerwick. She departed later the same day for Dundee. Passage was made together with HNoMS Uredd (Lt. R.O. Rören). They were escorted by HMS Loch Monteith (T/Lt. K.W. Richardson, RNR). Off Scapa Flow they were joined by HrMs O 14 (Lt.Cdr. H.A.W. Goossens, RNN) that was also to proceed to Dundee. (4)

2 Jun 1942
HMS P 37 (Lt. H. Winter, RN) arrived at Dundee. (3)

4 Jun 1942
HMS P 37 (Lt. H. Winter, RN) was docked at Dundee. (3)

17 Jun 1942
HMS P 37 (Lt. H. Winter, RN) was undocked. (3)

22 Jun 1942
HMS P 37 (Lt. H. Winter, RN) was briefly docked at Dundee. She was undocked later the same day. (5)

29 Jun 1942
HMS P 37 (Lt. H. Winter, RN) departed Dundee for Gibraltar. Until the Clyde area passage was made together with HrMs O 24. They were escorted by HMS Loch Monteith (T/Lt. K.W. Richardson, RNR).

P 37 then proceeded south through the Irish Sea escorted by HMS White Bear (Cdr. (retired) C.C. Flemming, RN) until 0130/4 when they parted company off Bishops Rock.

P 37 was to proceed to Malta where she was to join the 10th submarine flotilla. (4)

13 Jul 1942
HMS P 37 (Lt. H. Winter, RN) arrived at Gibraltar. She had arrived with defects to her battery. (4)

28 Jul 1942
HMS P 37 (Lt. H. Winter, RN) departed Gibraltar for her 5th war patrol (1st in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to patrol in the Alboran Sea. (4)

29 Jul 1942
At 2223 hours HMS P 37 (Lt. H. Winter, RN) fired tubes 1 and 2 in error. (4)

30 Jul 1942
HMS P 37 (Lt. H. Winter, RN) ended her 5th war patrol (1st in the Mediterranean) at Gibraltar. Before entering the harbour A/S exercises were carried out with HMS Vidette (Lt.Cdr. E.N. Walmsley, DSC, RN). (4)

5 Aug 1942
HMS P 37 (Lt. E.T. Stanley, DSC, RN) conducted exercises off Gibraltar together with HMS Jonquil (Lt.Cdr. R.E.H. Partington, RD, RNR). (6)

6 Aug 1942
HMS P 37 (Lt. E.T. Stanley, DSC, RN) conducted exercises off Gibraltar together with HMS Jonquil (Lt.Cdr. R.E.H. Partington, RD, RNR). (6)

7 Aug 1942
HMS P 37 (Lt. E.T. Stanley, DSC, RN) conducted exercises off Gibraltar together with HMS Black Swan (Cdr. T.A.C. Pakenham, RN) and HMS Carnation (Lt. A. Branson, RNR). (6)

11 Aug 1942
HMS P 37 (Lt. E.T. Stanley, DSC, RN) conducted exercises off Gibraltar. (6)

15 Aug 1942
HMS P 37 (Lt. E.T. Stanley, DSC, RN) was docked at Gibraltar. (6)

16 Aug 1942
HMS P 37 (Lt. E.T. Stanley, DSC, RN) was undocked. (6)

19 Aug 1942
HMS P 37 (Lt. E.T. Stanley, DSC, RN) conducted exercises off Gibraltar. (6)

21 Aug 1942
HMS P 37 (Lt. E.T. Stanley, DSC, RN) conducted exercises off Gibraltar. (6)

1 Sep 1942
HMS P 37 (Lt. E.T. Stanley, DSC, RN) conducted exercises off Gibraltar together with HMS Charybdis (Capt. G.A.W. Voelcker, RN). She then departed for her 6th war patrol (2nd in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to patrol in the Alboran Sea. (4)

7 Sep 1942
HMS P 37 (Lt. E.T. Stanley, DSC, RN) ended her 6th war patrol (2nd in the Mediterranean) at Gibraltar. (4)

13 Sep 1942
HMS P 37 (Lt. E.T. Stanley, DSC, RN) departed Gibraltar for ended her 7th war patrol (3rd in the Mediterranean). She was to proceed to Malta and to make a short patrol off Marettimo Island. (4)

25 Sep 1942
HMS P 37 (Lt. E.T. Stanley, DSC, RN) ended her 7th war patrol (3rd in the Mediterranean) at Malta.

5 Oct 1942
HMS P 37 (Lt. E.T. Stanley, DSC, RN) departed Malta for her 8th war patrol (4th in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to patrol between Kerkenah and the North African coast. (4)

8 Oct 1942
HMS P 37 (Lt. E.T. Stanley, DSC, RN) sank the Italian Lupa (349 GRT, built 1919) with gunfire North-East of Djerba, Tunisia in position 33°41'N, 11°44'E. HMS P 37 first fired two torpedoes but these missed.

(All times are zone -2)
1433 hours - Sighted a small coaster on a southerly course. Closed to investigate.

1520 hours - In position 33°42'N, 11°14'E fired two torpedoes from 800 yards. The torpedoes are thought to have run under.

1542 hours - Placed a boarding party onboard to search for secret documents and demolish the ship.

1545 hours - Withdrew the boarding party. No documents of interest were found. The demolition charge was ignited with a 8 minute fuse. The ship had a cargo of wine and food.

1548 hours - Dived and withdrew from the area. (4)

9 Oct 1942
HMS P 37 (Lt. E.T. Stanley, DSC, RN) sank a schooner (by setting it on fire) and torpedoed and sank the Italian merchant Alga (1851 GRT, built 1917) near Djerba, Tunisia in position 34°02'N, 11°05'E.

(All times are zone -2)
1450 hours - Sighted a schooner on a southerly course. Closed.

1500 - 1600 hours - Sighted 5 more schooners spread over about 5 nautical miles. One pair kept consistantly together and one of them had a crowsnest on the foremast. In view of them being A/S schooners and the number of aircraft in the vicinity, it was decided not to accack until dark.

1858 hours - In position 34°09'N, 11°06'E engaged the schooner that was closest to the shore with the 12pdr gun. Fired four rounds of High Explosive. The schooner was abandoned. Proceeded alongside and set fire to the schooner. The schooner was about 150 feet long and loaded with large sacks whose contents were not examined.

1910 hours - Began a search for other schooners.

2205 hours - Sighted a darkened southbound merchant ship of about 2500 tons.

2225 hours - In position 34°02'N, 11°05'E fired two torpedoes from 1500 yards. One hit was obtained and the ship blew up. HE was heard for 10 minutes, possibly an escort but none was seen. P 37 then retired to seaward. (4)

11 Oct 1942
HMS P 37 (Lt. E.T. Stanley, DSC, RN) was ordered to a new patrol area between Kerkenah and Kuriat. (4)

15 Oct 1942
HMS P 37 (Lt. E.T. Stanley, DSC, RN) was ordered to return to Malta. Whilst on passage air reconnaissance sighted a southbound convoy in the Southern Tyrrhenian Sea bound for North Africa. P 37 was ordered to take up a patrol position to the north of Lampion Island. (4)

19 Oct 1942
HMS P 37 (Lt. E.T. Stanley, DSC, RN) torpedoed and sank the Italian destroyer Giovanni da Verazzano (built 1930) and the Italian merchant Beppe (4459 GRT, built 1912) about 30 nautical miles south-west off Lampione Island in position 35°52'N, 12°05E.

(All times are zone -2)
1048 hours - Sighted aircraft to the northward on a southerly course zigzagging broadly.

1053 hours - Sighted the convoy bearing 360°. Enemy course was 180°. The ships were in two columns, two ships in each. The leading ships had tall funnels and were of 5000-7000 tons each. Aircraft were zigzagging ahead, the destroyer screen about a mile astern of the aircraft, then the leading ships followed by the rear ships at about a mile intervals.

1115 hours - The convoy altered course 156°. P 37 passed between the two port wing destroyers (Navigatore and Maestrale class) and attacked the leading ship in the port column.

1149 hours - Fired four torpedoes from 1000 yards. Explosions were head 1m 15s and 2m 5s after firing. P 37 had meanwhile gone deep.

1154 hours - Depth charging started. The counter attack was carried out by two destroyers stopping to listen from time to time. No Asdic transmissions were heard. Between 1200 and 1500 hours a total of 24 depth charges was dropped but only 2 were close.

[The convoy was made up of the Italian tanker Saturno (5029 GRT, built 1914) and the Italian merchants Beppe (4859 GRT, built 1912), Capo Orso (3149 GRT, built 1916), Titania (5397 GRT, built 1918). They were escorted by the Italian destroyers Antonio da Noli, Giovanni da Verazzano, Antonio Pigafetta, Ascari, Vincenzo Gioberti and Alfredo Oriani as well as the Italian torpedo boat Sagittario. The torpedo boats Nicola Fabrizi and Centauro had already left the convoy when P 37 attacked.] (4)

21 Oct 1942
HMS P 37 (Lt. E.T. Stanley, DSC, RN) ended her 8th war patrol (4th in the Mediterranean) at Malta. (4)

1 Nov 1942
HMS P 37 (Lt. E.T. Stanley, DSC, RN) departed Malta for her 9th war patrol (5th in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to patrol to the north of Sicily to provide cover for Operation Torch, the Allied landings in North Africa. (4)

11 Nov 1942
HMS P 37 (Lt. E.T. Stanley, DSC, RN) is ordered to patrol off Palermo. (4)

13 Nov 1942
Late in the evening HMS P 37 (Lt. E.T. Stanley, DSC, RN) is detected by an Italian A/S vessel, thought to be a torpedo-boat and briefly depth charged. 7 Depth charges were dropped but the caused no damage to P 37. (4)

14 Nov 1942
HMS P 37 (Lt. E.T. Stanley, DSC, RN) attacked a 2000 tons merchant vessel with three torpedoes north of Palermo, Sicily. No hits were obtained.

(All times are zone -2)
1400 hours - Sighted a 2000 tons merchant vessel. Started attack.

1455 hours - In approximate position 38°22'N, 13°18'E fired three torpedoes from 3000 yards. These all missed astern as the speed of the target was underestimated.

-----------------------------------------

1800 hours - A destroyer and an 'E-boat' were heard approaching. The destroyer was transmitting on Asdics. 9 Depth charges were dropped. The destroyer remained hunting in the area for hours.

1900 hours - The destroyer was a bit further off now. Surfaced and was able to avoid the destroyer due to the fact that it was not perfectly darkened.

2151 hours - Received a signal from Capt. S.10 ordering P 37 to patrol in the Marettimo area. Set course accordingly. (4)

17 Nov 1942
Early in the morning HMS P 37 (Lt. E.T. Stanley, DSC, RN) is ordered to patrol to the north of Cape San Vito, Sicily.

Later P 37 carried out a torpedo attack on a large escorted merchant vessel. No hits were obtained.

(All times are zone -2)
0640 hours - In position 38°27'N, 12°43'E sighted a 10000 tons transport ship escorted by a torpedo-boat. Started attack.

0701 hours - Fired four torpedoes from 1500 yards. No hits were obtained as the enemy altered course while zig-zagging. No counter attack followed. (4)

18 Nov 1942
HMS P 37 (Lt. E.T. Stanley, DSC, RN) attacked but missed a merchant vessel that was part of a convoy to the north of Cape San Vito. Only one torpedo was fired as this was P 37's last.

(All times are zone -2)
1235 hours - While patrolling at 80 feet due to the rough sea HE was reported bearing 060 degrees. Came to periscope depth. In approximate position 38°23'N, 12°42'E sighted a 7000 tons merchant vessel bearing 075 degrees at a range of only 200 yards. Went to 60 feet to avoid collision. Returned to periscope depth after the HE had passed.

1246 hours - Fired the last remaining torpedo from 1500 yards. It missed. A convoy of three merchant vessels escorted by two destroyers was sighted. Afterwards two attempts to sent a contact report were spoiled by approaching aircraft and it was almost three hours later before the signal could be passed.

1800 hours - Out of torpedoes, set course to return to Malta. (4)

20 Nov 1942
HMS P 37 (Lt. E.T. Stanley, DSC, RN) ended her 9th war patrol (5th in the Mediterranean) at Malta. (4)

27 Nov 1942
HMS P 37 (Lt. E.T. Stanley, DSC, RN) departed Malta for her 10th war patrol (6th in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to patrol to the north of the Gulf of Tunis. (4)

3 Dec 1942
At 0640 hours (zone -2) HMS P 37 (Lt. E.T. Stanley, DSC, RN) was ordered to patrol in the Tyrrhenian Sea.

Later in the morning, while still in her oiginal patrol area (north of the Gulf of Tunis) P 37 attacked an enemy convoy with four torpedoes fired from long range. No hits were obtained.

(All times are zone -2)
1001 hours - Sighted smoke and escorting aircraft of a convoy to the northward. Set course to intercept at full speed. A schooner, two destroyers and four merchant ships were sighted.

1037 hours - In approximate position 37°26'N, 10°43'E fired four torpedoes at two of the merchant vessels that were overlapping from 9000 yards. No hits were obtained. it had not been possible to close the range further.

------------------------------------------

1820 hours - Set course for the Tyrrhenian Sea.

(4)

12 Dec 1942
HMS P 37 (Lt. E.T. Stanley, DSC, RN) ended her 10th war patrol (6th in the Mediterranean) at Malta. (4)

26 Dec 1942
HMS P 37 (Lt. E.T. Stanley, DSC, RN) departed Malta for her 11th war patrol (7th in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to conduct a special operation off the Tunisian coast. (4)

28 Dec 1942
HMS P 37 (Lt. E.T. Stanley, DSC, RN) carried out her special operation.

In the evening a party was landed on the Tunnisian coast south of Kelibia near the mouth of the Udiane river. (4)

29 Dec 1942
HMS P 37 (Lt. E.T. Stanley, DSC, RN) reported having completed her special operation. She was then ordered to patrol off Cagliary, Sardinia. (4)

30 Dec 1942
When en-route to her patrol area HMS P 37 (Lt. E.T. Stanley, DSC, RN) was detected and depth charged by an Italian torpedo-boat. Depth charges fell very close causing some minor damage to P 37.

(All times are zone -2)
0817 hours - Sighted a Partenope class torpedo-boat in position 37°58'N, 11°12'E at a range of 5000 yards. She was first mistaken for a u-boat. Course was altered to avoid her but unfortunately she detected P 37.

0839 hours - The first pattern of depth charges was dropped which was unpleasently close causing some minor damage. P 37 was at 150 at that time.

0853 hours - A pattern of 7 depth charges was dropped a bit further off. The torepdo-boat was still in contact.

0915 hours - A pattern of 6 depth charges was dropped, again not very close.

1015 hours - Contact with the enemy was lost. (4)

6 Jan 1943
HMS P 37 (Lt. E.T. Stanley, DSC, RN) attacked a small armed vessel with gunfire to the East of Cape Carbonara. The action was broken off, before hits were obtained, when the enemy returned fire.

(All times are zone -2)
1300 hours - In approximate position 39°08'N, 09°43'E sighted a small vessel approaching from seaward. She looked rather like a British Motor Minesweeper, armed only with a machine gun.

1415 hours - Surfaced and opened fire from 800 yards with the 12pdr gun. The first round was over and the next two just short. The enemy then opened fire with a heavy machine gun so the action was broken off as the target was judged not to be worth casualties. P 37 dived and the enemy made off inshore dropping 10 depth charges as he went.

1450 hours - returned to periscope depth. Nothing in sight. (4)

9 Jan 1943
HMS P 37 (Lt. E.T. Stanley, DSC, RN) ended her 11th war patrol (7th in the Mediterranean) at Malta. (4)

11 Jan 1943
HMS P 37 (Lt. E.T. Stanley, DSC, RN) was docked at Malta. (7)

16 Jan 1943
HMS P 37 (Lt. E.T. Stanley, DSC, RN) was undocked. (7)

20 Jan 1943
HMS P 37 (Lt. E.T. Stanley, DSC, RN) departed Malta for her 12th war patrol (8th in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to patrol to the south of the Strais of Messina. (4)

23 Jan 1943
HMS P 37 (Lt. E.T. Stanley, DSC, RN) torpedoed and damaged the Italian passenger / cargo ship Viminale (8657 GRT) and sank the Italian tug Luni (337 GRT) south-east of Capo dell' Armi, Italy in position 37°52'N, 15°45'E.

(All times are zone -2)
0630 hours - Sighted two 'E-boats' coming from the eastward. They stopped near P 37.

0700 hours - Sighted a large ship coming from the Straits.

0715 hours - Identified the target as a large merchant ship in tow of two tugs escorted by a Spica-class torpedo-boat, several smaller vessels and a floatplane. Started attack.

0820 hours - Fired three torpedoes from 2000 yards at the merchant vessel. Torpedo explosions were heard 1m 35s and 1m 50s after firing. Following the attack the torpedo-boat obtained contact and after 5 minutes dropped an accurate pattern of depth charges causing serious damage to P 37 which was then taken close to the shore where non-sub echos would confuse the enemy and after two more fairly close depth charge patterns it was possible to escape to the south-westward. 56 Deptch charges in all were dropped.

1200 hours - Returned to periscope depth. Nothing in sight but the enemy could still be heard transmitting.

1830 hours - Surfaced and cleared the area to the south. It was found out that several cells of the battery were cracked. This section of the battery was disconnected and course wss set towards Malta to effect repairs. (4)

25 Jan 1943
HMS P 37 (Lt. E.T. Stanley, DSC, RN) ended her 12th war patrol (8th in the Mediterranean) at Malta. (4)

4 Feb 1943
HMS P 37 (Lt. E.T. Stanley, DSC, RN) departed Malta for her 13th war patrol (9th in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to patrol in the southern Adriatic. (4)

9 Feb 1943
HMS P 37 (Lt. E.T. Stanley, DSC, RN) torpedoed and sank the Italian auxiliary magnetic minesweeper Eritrea (2517 GRT, built 1918) 5 nautical miles bearing 103° of Monopoli, Italy in position 40°56'N, 17°36'E.

(All times are zone -2)
0855 hours - Sighted a 2500 tons merchant ship. She was unescorted and was not zigging so she was an easy target, as when she was sighted, P 37 was about 12 nautical miles ahead of her.

0927 hours - Fired three torpedoes from 900 yards. The second torpedo hit abreast the after end of the superstructure after a running time of 47 seconds. The crew abandoned ship most efficiently all boats being clear of the ship within 6 minutes after the torpedo hit. She did not appear to be sinking very fast.

0950 hours - Fired another torpedo from 600 yards. It missed as the torpedo failed to run straight.

1010 hours - The target was seen to sink. (4)

10 Feb 1943
HMS P 37 (Lt. E.T. Stanley, DSC, RN) torpedoed and damaged the Italian passenger ship Margottini (855 GRT, built 1893, former Jugoslav Bled) in the Adriatic Sea south of Antivari (now Bar), Montenegro near position 41°57'N, 19°07'E. This ship ran ashore and was later declared a total loss.

(All times are zone -2)
1310 hours - Sighted a ship approaching from the southward. An earlier ship coming from the southward was not attacked in the hope that this ship was more valuable.

1310 hours - Started attack. The target was seen to be of about 1500 tons.

1403 hours - Fired two torpedoes from 1500 yards. Both missed astern as the targets speed was underestimated. Both torpedoes exploded on the rocks behind. The target then altered course 180°. The target then disappeared into a bay.

1456 hours - P 37 was taken into the bay and fired another torpedo from 1800 yards. There was no result as the torpedo most likely failed to run straight.

1510 hours - Fired the last remaining torpedo from 1500 yards. It hit abreast the mainmast. P 37 then cleared the bay and out of torpedoes set course towards Malta. (4)

14 Feb 1943
HMS P 37 (Lt. E.T. Stanley, DSC, RN) ended her 13th war patrol (9th in the Mediterranean) at Malta. (4)

27 Feb 1943
HMS Unbending (Lt. E.T. Stanley, DSC, RN) departed Malta for her 14th war patrol (10th in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to perform a special operation. Several beach reconnaissances were to be carried out in preparation for Operation Husky. Three officers were lost during the operations, they possibly drowned. (4)

6 Mar 1943
HMS Unbending (Lt. E.T. Stanley, DSC, RN) ended her 14th war patrol (10th in the Mediterranean) at Malta. (4)

9 Mar 1943
HMS Unbending (Lt. E.T. Stanley, DSC, RN) departed Malta for her 15th war patrol (11th in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to patrol in the area to the south of the Straits of Messina. (4)

13 Mar 1943
During the night of 13/14 March 1943 HMS Unbending (Lt. E.T. Stanley, DSC, RN) landed a raiding party of four men to blow up a train in a railway tunnel near Cape Bruzzano, Calabria. The party however failed to return and no explosion was seen on the shore. (4)

14 Mar 1943
HMS Unbending (Lt. E.T. Stanley, DSC, RN) torpedoed and sank the Italian merchant Città di Bergamo (2165 GRT, built 1914) off Cape Spartivento, Italy in position 37°56'N, 16°07'E.

(All times are zone -2)
1120 hours - Sighted a merchant vessel coming down the coast. Started attack. Soon it was seen that a convoy of three merchant vessel came our way. The merchant vessel were of 2000-2500 tons and had an escort of two aircraft and two (or more) 'E-boats'.

1203 hours - In position 37°56'N, 16°07'E fired four torpedoes at two of the merchant vessels that were overlapping. Three torpedo explosions were heard and it was thought that both targets had been hit (which was incorrect).

A counter attack followed. Ten depth charges were dropped during the next half hour only one at a time. The first two were close.

1255 hours - Returned to periscope depth. Only one merchant was in sight hull down to the south-west. Set course for Malta.

[The convoy attacked was made up of the above mentioned Città di Bergamo as well as the Italian merchants Cosenza (1471 GRT, built 1918, former French Ile Rousse) and Nino Claudio (2571 GRT, built 1919). They were escorted by VAS 227.] (4)

16 Mar 1943
HMS Unbending (Lt. E.T. Stanley, DSC, RN) ended her 15th war patrol (11th in the Mediterranean) at Malta. (4)

25 Mar 1943
HMS Unbending (Lt. B.J.B. Andrew, DSC, RN) departed Malta for her 16th war patrol (12th in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to patrol off the Gulf of Hammamet.

Lt. Andrew was temporary in command in order to give Lt. Stanley a much needed rest. (4)

6 Apr 1943
HMS Unbending (Lt. B.J.B. Andrew, DSC, RN) ended her 16th war patrol (12th in the Mediterranean) at Malta. The patrol had been uneventful. (4)

12 Apr 1943
HMS Unbending (Lt. E.T. Stanley, DSC, RN) arrived at Malta for Algiers. Unbending was to return to the U.K. to refit. (4)

18 Apr 1943
HMS Unbending (Lt. E.T. Stanley, DSC, RN) arrived at Algiers. She departed for Gibraltar later the same day. (4)

24 Apr 1943
HMS Unbending (Lt. E.T. Stanley, DSC, RN) arrived at Gibraltar. (4)

26 Apr 1943
HMS Unbending (Lt. E.T. Stanley, DSC, RN) departed Gibraltar for Portsmouth. (4)

8 May 1943
HMS Unbending (Lt. E.T. Stanley, DSC, RN) arrived at Portsmouth. (4)

31 May 1943
HMS Unbending (Lt. E.T. Stanley, DSC, RN) departed Portsmouth for Plymouth where she arrived later the same day. (5)

1 Jun 1943
HMS Unbending (Lt. E.T. Stanley, DSC, RN) departed Plymouth for Rothesay. (5)

3 Jun 1943
HMS Unbending (Lt. E.T. Stanley, DSC, RN) arrived at Rothesay. As it was not possible for Unbending to start her refit as anticipated she was temporary assigned to training duties. (5)

30 Jun 1943
HMS Unbending (Lt. R.H.H. Brunner, RN) departed Londonderry, Northern Ireland for Plymouth where she finally could oommence her refit at the Devonport Dockyard. (5)

1 Jul 1943
HMS Unbending (Lt. R.H.H. Brunner, RN) arrived at Plymouth. Refit was commenced on 6 July. (5)

13 Nov 1943
With her refit completed HMS Unbending (Lt. J.D. Martin, DSC, RN) conducted trials and exercises off Plymouth. (8)

14 Nov 1943
HMS Unbending (Lt. J.D. Martin, DSC, RN) conducted trials and exercises off Plymouth. (8)

15 Nov 1943
HMS Unbending (Lt. J.D. Martin, DSC, RN) shifted from Plymouth to Dartmouth. (8)

17 Nov 1943
HMS Unbending (Lt. J.D. Martin, DSC, RN) shifted from Dartmouth to Plymouth. She returned to the Devonport Dockyard for some repairs and to have a new forward periscope fitted. (8)

5 Dec 1943
HMS Unbending (Lt. J.D. Martin, DSC, RN) conducted exercises off Plymouth. (9)

8 Dec 1943
HMS Unbending (Lt. J.D. Martin, DSC, RN) departed Plymouth for Fishguard. She was escorted by HMS Mazurka (A/Skr.Lt. J. Baxter, RNR). (9)

9 Dec 1943
HMS Unbending (Lt. J.D. Martin, DSC, RN) arrived at Fishguard. Unbending was now assigned to training duties.

From Fishguard exercises were carried out with aircraft. (9)

3 Jan 1944
HMS Unbending (Lt. J.D. Martin, DSC, RN) departed Fishguard for Rothesay. During the passage north through the Irish Sea she was escorted by HMS Kihna. (10)

5 Jan 1944
HMS Unbending (Lt. J.D. Martin, DSC, RN) arrived at Rothesay. A period of exercises off the Scottish west coast then followed. (10)

14 Jan 1944
HMS Unbending (Lt. J.D. Martin, DSC, RN) departed Rothesay for Londonderry. During the passage she was escorted by HMS Kihna. (10)

15 Jan 1944
HMS Unbending (Lt. J.D. Martin, DSC, RN) arrived at Londonderry where she was to be employed as A/S target for escort ships. (10)

17 Jan 1944
HMS Unbending (Lt. J.D. Martin, DSC, RN) conducted A/S exercises in Lough Foyle with HMS Scarborough (Lt.Cdr. E.B. Carnduff, RN). (10)

18 Jan 1944
HMS Unbending (Lt. J.D. Martin, DSC, RN) conducted A/S exercises in Lough Foyle with HMS Scarborough (Lt.Cdr. E.B. Carnduff, RN). (10)

21 Jan 1944
HMS Unbending (Lt. J.D. Martin, DSC, RN) conducted A/S exercises in Lough Foyle with HMS Lossie (Lt.Cdr. A.F. MacFie, OBE, RNR). (10)

22 Jan 1944
HMS Unbending (Lt. J.D. Martin, DSC, RN) conducted A/S exercises in Lough Foyle with HMS Erne (Lt.Cdr. W.R. Hickey, RNR) and HMS Churchill (Lt. A.C.D. Leach, RN). (10)

23 Jan 1944
HMS Unbending (Lt. J.D. Martin, DSC, RN) conducted A/S exercises in Lough Foyle with HMS Erne (Lt.Cdr. W.R. Hickey, RNR), HMCS Fennel (A/Lt.Cdr. W.P. Moffat, RCNVR) and HMS Vanoc (Lt.Cdr. P.R. Ward, RN). (10)

24 Jan 1944
HMS Unbending (Lt. J.D. Martin, DSC, RN) conducted A/S exercises in Lough Foyle with HMS Mourne (Lt.Cdr. R.S. Holland, RD, RNR) and HMS Clematis (T/Lt. R.H. Farrands, DSC, RNR). (10)

26 Jan 1944
HMS Unbending (Lt. J.D. Martin, DSC, RN) departed Lough Foyle for Blyth. She was escorted by HMS Kihna. (10)

29 Jan 1944
HMS Unbending (Lt. J.D. Martin, DSC, RN) arrived at Blyth to participate in exercises. (10)

16 Mar 1944
HMS Unbending (Lt. J.D. Martin, DSC, RN) departed Blyth for Lerwick.

The Admiralty was under the impression that the damaged Tirpitz might be leaving Norway for Germany to effect repairs. So a whole lot of submarine were sent to patrol off Norway including serveral submarine from training flotillas inlcuding HMS Unbending. (4)

17 Mar 1944
HMS Unbending (Lt. J.D. Martin, DSC, RN) arrived at Lerwick. (4)

18 Mar 1944
HMS Unbending (Lt. J.D. Martin, DSC, RN) departed Lerwick for her 18th war patrol. She was ordered to patrol off Utvaer, Norway. (4)

21 Mar 1944
HMS Unbending (Lt. J.D. Martin, DSC, RN) was recalled from patrol and was to return to Lerwick where she arrived later the same day ending her 17th war patrol. (4)

24 Mar 1944
HMS Unbending (Lt. J.D. Martin, DSC, RN) departed Lerwick for Blyth. She made the passage together with HMS Unbroken (Lt. P.L. Langley-Smith, RN) and HMS Trusty (Lt. M.F.R. Ainslie, DSO, DSC, RN). They were escorted by HMS Loch Monteith (T/Lt. K.W. Richardson, RNR). (4)

25 Mar 1944
HMS Unbending (Lt. J.D. Martin, DSC, RN) arrived at Blyth.

During May / August 1945 HMS Unbending was refitted at Blyth. After her refit she proceeded to the Scottish west coast.

HMS Unbending was paid off into reserve on 3 December 1945. (4)

20 Apr 1944
HMS Unbending (Lt. J.D. Martin, DSC, RN) was docked at Blyth. (11)

21 Apr 1944
HMS Unbending (Lt. J.D. Martin, DSC, RN) was undocked. (11)

Sources

  1. ADM 173/16872
  2. ADM 199/400
  3. ADM 199/424
  4. ADM 199/1826
  5. ADM 199/2573
  6. ADM 173/17383
  7. ADM 173/17898
  8. ADM 173/18343
  9. ADM 173/18344
  10. ADM 173/19199
  11. ADM 173/19202

ADM numbers indicate documents at the British National Archives at Kew, London.


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