American Steam merchant
|Type:||Steam merchant (Liberty)|
|Completed||1942 - Bethlehem-Fairfield Shipyards Inc, Baltimore MD|
|Owner||Calmar SS Co Inc, New York|
|Date of attack||29 Jun 1942||Nationality: American|
|Fate||Sunk by U-505 (Axel-Olaf Loewe)|
|Position||22N, 60W - Grid DP 4457|
|Complement||60 (5 dead and 55 survivors).|
|Route||Philadelphia - New York - Trinidad - Capetown - Bandar Shapur|
|Cargo||9000 tons of Lend-Lease war supplies, including tanks, foodstuffs and 11 aircraft as deck cargo|
|History||Completed in May 1942 |
|Notes on event|
At 13.55 hours on 29 Jun, 1942, the unescorted Thomas McKean (Master Mellin Edwin Respess) was hit by two torpedoes from U-505 about 350 miles northeast of Puerto Rico, while steaming on a zigzag course at 10 knots on her maiden voyage. The torpedo struck aft of the #5 hold, destroyed the stern gun and killed three armed guards. Due to the extensive damage, the eight officers, 31 crewmen, 17 armed guards (the ship was armed with one 4in, four 20mm and two .30cal guns) and four passengers abandoned ship in four lifeboats. The U-boat surfaced after 20 minutes and began shelling the ship with 72 rounds that set her on fire until she sank at 15.22 hours. The Germans questioned the survivors and some crewmen even boarded the lifeboats to administer first aid treatment before they left the area.
One crewman and one armed guard later died in the lifeboats. On 4 July, two boats with 29 survivors made landfall at St. Thomas, Virgin Islands and one boat with twelve survivors landed at Antigua on 12 July. On 14 July, the last boat with 14 survivors and one dead arrived at Micheson, Dominican Republic. The master was lost during repatriation as a passenger on Onondaga which was sunk by U-129 (Witt) on 23 July.
|On board||We have details of 5 people who were on board.|
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