American Motor merchant
|Completed||1918 - Uraga Dry Dock Co Ltd, Uraga|
|Owner||Ford Motor Co, Wilmington DE|
|Date of attack||3 Nov 1942||Nationality: American|
|Fate||Sunk by U-181 (Wolfgang Lüth)|
|Position||37° 23'S, 13° 34'E - Grid GR 7835|
|Complement||74 (58 dead and 16 survivors).|
|Route||Calcutta - Capetown - Punta Arenas - New York|
|Cargo||3500 tons of manganese ore, 500 tons of tea and 560 tons of general cargo|
|History||Launched as Japanese steam merchant Beikoku Maru, completed in July 1918 as East Indian for US Shipping Board (USSB), San Franciso CA. 1926 converted to a motor merchant. |
|Notes on event|
At 16.22 hours on 3 Nov 1942 the unescorted East Indian (Master Ovide L. Ste. Marie) was torpedoed by U-181 about 300 miles southwest of the Cape of Good Hope, while she was proceeding on a zigzag course at 11.5 knots. The U-boat had followed her for some time before firing two torpedoes, which struck on the starboard side at the after bulkhead of the engine room, causing the ship to sink within two minutes. The ship’s complement of eight officers, 39 men, 15 armed guards (the ship was armed with one 4in, two .50cal and two .30cal guns) and twelve passengers abandoned ship in one lifeboat and four rafts. The master, 15 crewmen and seven passengers did not leave and went down with her. Ten minutes later, U-181 surfaced, questioned the third mate and gave them water and the course to Capetown. The 17 men in the lifeboat were picked up 13 days after the attack by the British steam merchant Durando 135 miles south of Capetown. The radio operator later died ashore from shock and exposure. The remaining survivors on the rafts were never seen again. A total of six officers, 29 men, 13 armed guards and ten passengers were lost.
U-181 was informed of the sailing times of the Alcoa Pathfinder, East Indian and Excello from a secret transmitter located aboard the German motor merchant Ehrenfels which was interned along with the German motor merchants Braunfels and Drachenfels and the Italian steam merchant Anfora in the Portugese Mormugao Harbor. The information was given to the ship by a German spy living in Goa. On 9 March 1943 the Ehrenfels was scuttled by the own crew to prevent seizure by Portuguese.
|On board||We have details of 47 people who were on board.|
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