American Turbine tanker
|Type:||Turbine tanker (T-2)|
|Completed||1942 - Sun Shipbuilding & Dry Dock Co, Chester PA|
|Owner||Socony-Vacuum Oil Co Inc, New York|
|Date of attack||23 Nov 1942||Nationality: American|
|Fate||Sunk by U-518 (Friedrich-Wilhelm Wissmann)|
|Position||42° 25'N, 48° 27'W - Grid CC 3215|
|Complement||59 (51 dead and 8 survivors).|
|Route||Baytown, Texas (11 Nov) - Iceland|
|Cargo||105.000 barrels of fuel oil and 300 drums of gasoline|
|History||Laid down as Dorchester Heights for US Maritime Commission, completed in May 1942 as Caddo for Socony-Vacuum Oil Co Inc, New York. |
|Notes on event|
At 06.36 hours on 23 Nov 1942 the unescorted Caddo (Master Paul B. Muller) was torpedoed by U-518, while proceeding on a zigzagging course, changing every six to nine minutes. The torpedo struck the port side at the pump room, just forward of the after bulkhead. The explosion ripped up the deck, tore a huge hole in the side, flooded the pump room and destroyed a lifeboat and a raft. As the Caddo began to settle by the stern the watch below secured the engines. The survivors of the complement of ten officers, 32 men and 17 armed guards (the ship was armed with one 4in, one 3in, four 20mm and two .30cal guns) abandoned the ship after 30 minutes in three lifeboats and three rafts.
The master Paul B. Muller died later in a POW camp and the chief officer was repatriated in 1945.
|On board||We have details of 51 people who were on board.|
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