American Steam passenger ship
|Type:||Steam passenger ship|
|Completed||1926 - Newport News Shipbuilding & Dry Dock Co, Newport News VA|
|Owner||Merchants & Miners Transportation Co, Baltimore MD|
|Date of attack||3 Feb 1943||Nationality: American|
|Fate||Sunk by U-223 (Karl-Jürg Wächter)|
|Position||59.22N, 48.42W - Grid ÄA 3852|
|Complement||904 (675 dead and 229 survivors).|
|Route||St.Johns, Newfoundland - Narsarssuak, Greenland|
|Cargo||Troops, 60 bags of mail and parcel post, lumber and 1069 tons of general cargo|
|Notes on event|
At 04.52 hours on 3 Feb, 1943, U-223 fired five single torpedoes at three ships in the convoy SG-19 about 150 miles west of Cape Farewell. One of the first torpedoes hit the Dorchester and the other torpedoes missed her and the Norwegian steam merchants Biscaya and Lutz.
Four Army chaplains representing the four different faiths: RevLt George Lansing Fox (Methodist); Rabbi Lt Alexander David Goode; RevLt. Clark Poling (First Reformed Church) and Father John Washington gave up their lifebelts to soldiers who have none, all four perished with the ship. All were posthumously awarded the Purple Heart and the DSC. In 1961 the US Congress declared the 3 February four Chaplains Observance Day and The Chapel of the Four Chaplains was established in Philadelphia.
|On board||We have details of 135 people who were on board.|
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