James Russell Lowell
American Steam merchant
|Name||James Russell Lowell|
|Type:||Steam merchant (Liberty)|
|Completed||1942 - Oregon Shipbuilding Co, Portland OR|
|Owner||McCormick SS Co, San Francisco CA|
|Date of attack||15 Oct 1943||Nationality: American|
|Fate||A total loss by U-371 (Waldemar Mehl)|
|Position||37.22N, 07.08E - Grid CJ 7729|
|Complement||74 (0 dead and 74 survivors).|
|Route||Bizerte, Tunisia (14 Oct) - Hampton Roads, Virginia|
|Cargo||1200 tons of sand and gravel ballast|
|History||Completed May 1942 |
|Notes on event|
At 12.39 hours on 15 Oct, 1943, U-371 fired a spread of four torpedoes at the convoy GUS-18 off Cape de Fer, Algeria and heard three hits. Mehl reported one ship sunk and another probably damaged. In fact, the James Russell Lowell (Master Richard Newton Forman Jr.) in station #85 was hit by three torpedoes. The first struck on the rudder, carrying it and the rudder post away. The second struck on the port side at the #3 hold and blew off the hatch cover, created cracks in the hull on both sides and flooded the hold and engine room. The third torpedo struck at the #1 hold, blew the hatch cover off and flooded the hold.
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