Ships hit by U-boats


Alcedo

Panamanian Steam merchant



Alcedo under her former name Tanja. Photo courtesy of Danish Maritime Museum, Elsinore

NameAlcedo
Type:Steam merchant
Tonnage1,392 tons
Completed1937 - Fredriksstad Mekaniske Verksted A/S, Fredrikstad 
OwnerDanish Ship Operating Co, Panama 
HomeportPanama 
Date of attack28 Feb 1945Nationality:      Panamanian
 
FateSunk by U-1022 (Hans-Joachim Ernst)
Position64.07N, 23.17W - Grid AE 4758
Complement38 (3 dead and 35 survivors).
ConvoyUR-155
RouteBoston (20 Jan) - Belfast (11 Feb) - Loch Ewe (22 Feb) - Reykjavik 
Cargo1767 tons of US Army and Navy supplies, including 4000 cases of beer, chocolate and mail 
History Completed in December 1937 as Danish Tanja for A/S D/S Vesterhavet (J. Lauritzen), Esbjerg. 1940 laid up in New York. On 21 Jul, 1941, taken over by the US government, renamed Alcedo and registered in Panama by the US War Shipping Administration. On 17 Jan, 1942, turned over to Marine Transport Line under GAA agreement. On 27 Dec, 1942, turned over to Cosmopolitan Shipping and on 3 Feb, 1944 turned over to Danish Ship Operating Co. 
Notes on event

At 23.00 hours on 28 Feb, 1945, U-1022 fired a spread of three torpedoes at the convoy UR-155 and heard detonations and sinking noises from two ships. In fact only the Alcedo (Master Marius A. Kolster) in position #22 was hit by one torpedo on the starboard side between #3 and #4 hatches. The force of the explosion sheared off the mainmast and it fell to port. The propeller shaft was broken stopping the engine and the #4 hold was immediately flooded. This caused the ship to sink by the stern after 25 minutes in 64°00N/22°46W. An Able Seaman had been caught in the safety net hanging over the starboard side, was trapped and drowned when the ship sank. Another AB fell into the hole on deck which was caused by the explosion. A Messman went down with the ship when he refused to jump overboard to be picked up by a lifeboat. In all three crew members died and eight were injured out of her complement of 32 crew members (three Americans and 15 other nationalities), five armed guards and passenger (US Navy security officer). The remaining survivors abandoned ship in two boats and two rafts and were picked up at 01.40 hours by HMS Home Guard (T 394) and landed in Reykjavik about four hours later.

 
On boardWe have details of 4 people who were on board

Location of attack on Alcedo.

ship sunk.


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