Empress of Britain
British Steam passenger ship
|Name||Empress of Britain|
|Type:||Steam passenger ship|
|Tonnage||42,348 tons (one of the largest ships sunk).|
|Completed||1931 - John Brown & Co Ltd, Clydebank|
|Owner||Canadian Pacific Steamships Ltd, Montreal|
|Date of attack||28 Oct 1940||Nationality: British|
|Fate||Sunk by U-32 (Hans Jenisch)|
|Position||55° 16'N, 9° 50'W - Grid AM 5455|
|Complement||623 (45 dead and 578 survivors).|
|Route||Port Twefik, Egypt - Capetown - Liverpool|
|Cargo||300 tons of sugar and 300 tons of government stores|
|History||Completed in May 1931. In March 1940 brought troops from Australia to Europe and then brought troops to Suez via Capetown. |
|Notes on event|
On 26 Oct 1940 the unescorted Empress of Britain (Master Charles Havard Sapsworth) was struck by two 250kg bombs from a German Fw200 Condor aircraft of the 2./KG 40 piloted by Oblt Bernhard Jope (awarded the Knight Cross on 30 Dec 1940 and the Oak Leaves on 24 March 1944) and caught fire in 54°53N/10°49W about 70 miles northwest of Aran Island, Co. Donegal.
The most of the 416 crew members, two gunners and 205 passengers (military personnel and their families) abandoned ship, leaving only a skeleton crew on board and were picked up by HMS Echo (H 23) (Cdr S.H.K. Spurgeon, DSC, RAN), the British A/S trawler HMS Cape Arcona and ORP Burza (H 73) (LtCdr Pitulko), which took the ship in tow until she was relieved by HMS Marauder (W 98) (Lt W.J. Hammond, RNR) and HMS Thames on passage to the Clyde. Later the tugs HMS Seaman (W 44) and Raider also participated in the salvage operation.
The salvage convoy, making four knots, was escorted by HMS Broke (D 83) (Cdr B.G. Scurfield, RN) and HMS Sardonyx (H 26) (LtCdr R.B.S. Tennant, RN) and had air cover from Sunderland flying boats during daylight. On 28 October, two of three torpedoes fired by U-32 which followed the convoy for almost 24 hours, struck the Empress of Britain and sank her northwest of Bloody Foreland, Co. Donegal. 25 crew members and 20 passengers were lost.
|On board||We have details of 37 people who were on board.|
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