List of all U-boats




Ordered5 Jun 1941
Laid down23 Jan 1943 F. Krupp Germaniawerft AG, Kiel (werk 683)
Launched23 Oct 1943
Commissioned20 Nov 1943Oblt. Rolf Lindschau
20 Nov 1943 - 16 Jul 1944  Oblt. Rolf Lindschau
17 Jul 1944 - 10 May 1945  Oblt. Uwe Kock
2 patrols
20 Nov 1943-1 Jan 1945  5. Flottille (training)
1 Jan 1945-8 May 1945  5. Flottille (active service)
SuccessesNo ships sunk or damaged

Surrendered on 10 May 1945 at Portland, UK (Waller & Niestlé, 2010).

Commissioned as research vessel N 85 in the Royal Navy on 29 May 1945, later transferred to Loch Ryan, Scotland.

Operation Deadlight (post-war Allied operation, info)
Sunk on 13 Dec, 1945 in position 56.10N, 10.05W

Final location

Blue marker shows final fate during Operation Deadlight. Orange marker shows German surrender.

View the 2 war patrols

Surrender: The boat surfaced on 9 May 1945 and, flying the required black flag, signalled its surrender to a PB4Y-1 Liberator aircraft of the Fleet Air Wing of the USN based at Dunkeswell, Devon. U-249 was then escorted to Portland where it surrendered as first U-boat in a British harbor.

Attacks on this boat and other events

24 Mar 1945
Aircraft attack, aircraft shot down: British Mosquito FB Mk.VI HR434 (235 Sqn RAF/Q, pilot F/Lt J.R. Williams)

1324hrs, about 10 miles north-west of Fedje, Norway: the boat was attacked by a Mosquito on a reconnaisance patrol between Utsira and Utvaer, but managed to shoot it down by AA fire. The navigator was lost and the pilot rescued by U-249 which transferred him to the Vorpostenboot V 1703 Unitas 5 before continuing its patrol. The pilot was landed at Bergen and handed over to the local authorities, who executed him.

1 recorded attack on this boat.

Schnorchel-fitted U-boat
This boat was fitted with a Schnorchel underwater-breathing apparatus in December 1944. Read more about the Schnorchel and see list of fitted boats.

Men lost from U-boats

Unlike many other U-boats, which during their service lost men due to accidents and various other causes, U-249 did not suffer any casualties (we know of) until the time of her loss.

U-boat Emblems

We have 3 emblem entries for this boat. See the emblem page for this boat or view emblems individually below.


U-boat on top of World

Knight on yellow Shield

Media links

The Grey Wolves of Eriboll

David M. Hird

U-Boat Operations of the Second World War - Vol 1

Wynn, Kenneth

Hitler's U-boat War, Vol II

Blair, Clay

German U-Boat Losses During World War II

Niestle, Axel

The Royal Navy and German Naval Disarmament, 1942-1947

Madsen, Chris