List of all U-boats

U-250

Type

VIIC

 
Ordered5 Jun 1941
Laid down9 Jan 1943 F. Krupp Germaniawerft AG, Kiel (werk 684)
Launched11 Nov 1943
Commissioned12 Dec 1943Kptlt. Werner-Karl Schmidt
Commanders
12 Dec 1943 - 30 Jul 1944  Kptlt. Werner-Karl Schmidt
Career
1 patrol
12 Dec 1943-1 Jul 1944  5. Flottille (training)
1 Jul 1944-30 Jul 1944  8. Flottille (active service)
Successes1 warship sunk, total tonnage 56 tons
Fate

Sunk 30 July, 1944 19.40 hours, in the Baltic Sea in the Gulf of Finland, in position 60.28N, 28.25E, by depth charges from the Russian submarine chaser MO-103. 46 dead and 6 survivors.

Loss position

See the 1 ships hit by U-250 - View the 1 war patrol

On 30 July, 1944 at 1242 hrs U-250 attacked the 56-ton Russian submarine chaser MO 105 with a G7e torpedo, at the north side of the Koivisto strait in the Gulf of Finland. The Russian boat was destroyed easily (19 dead, 7 survivors), but the explosion brought other Russian boats to the location.

At 1910hrs, Russian 'Oberleutnant` Aleksander Kolenko, chief of MO 103, got a sonar contact from U-250 and dropped five depth charges. U-250 was not heavily damaged, but because an air-bubble track was visible on the water MO 103 dropped a second series of five depth charges. One of these exploded over the diesel room. A large hole opened in U-250's hull and she sank. Kapitänleutnant Werner-Karl Schmidt along with five other crewmembers in the control room managed to escape at the last minute.

Needless to say the Russians were thrilled to have a German U-boat captain alive and a sunken U-boat in shallow waters. Russian divers soon discovered that the boat lay at only 27 meters under water and had only a slight list of 14 degrees to the right. A large hole above the diesel room was observed. Two large air tanks, 200 tons each, were transported to the area and the Russians worked behind a smokescreen to raise the boat.

The Germans and the Finnish did what they could to prevent the boat, which was equipped with the new secret T5 acoustic-torpedo, also called Zaunkönig (Wren), from falling into Soviet hands. Finnish coastal artillery and German torpedo boats made frequent attacks on the salvage site, but to no avail.

Finally, in September 1944 the Russian raised U-250 and towed it between air tanks to Kronstadt for examination. On 15 Sept, 1944 U-250 was brought into the dry dock at Kronstadt.


U-250 in the dry dock at Kronstadt.


The heavily damaged section of U-250.

The former Commander, Kptlt. Schmidt, had to go first into the now dry boat, as the Russian believed some explosive charges might still be on the boat. The 6 survivors then spent some years in Russian captivity.


5 of the 6 survivors in Russian captivity.

Main source:

Boris A. Karwaschin
U 250, Neue Dokumente und Fakten*
Sankt Petersburg, Jena 1994
* A well researched and a highly recommended book!

Raised in Sept 1944. From 12 April, 1945 to 20 Aug 1945 in the Russian Navy as TS-14. Later broken up.

Men lost from U-boats

Unlike many other U-boats, which during their service lost men due to accidents and various other causes, U-250 did not suffer any casualties (we know of) until the time of her loss.


Media links


U-Boat Attack Logs

Daniel Morgan and Bruce Taylor


U-Boat Operations of the Second World War - Vol 1

Wynn, Kenneth


Hitler's U-boat War, Vol II

Blair, Clay


German U-Boat Losses During World War II

Niestle, Axel