|Ordered||5 Jun 1941|
|Laid down||9 Jan 1943||F. Krupp Germaniawerft AG, Kiel (werk 684)|
|Launched||11 Nov 1943|
|Commissioned||12 Dec 1943||Kptlt. Werner-Karl Schmidt|
|Successes||1 warship sunk, total tonnage 56 tons|
Sunk 30 July, 1944 19.40 hours, in the Baltic Sea in the Gulf of Finland, in position 60.28N, 28.25E, by depth charges from the Russian submarine chaser MO-103. 46 dead and 6 survivors.
On 30 July, 1944 at 1242 hrs U-250 attacked the 56-ton Russian submarine chaser MO 105 with a G7e torpedo, at the north side of the Koivisto strait in the Gulf of Finland. The Russian boat was destroyed easily (19 dead, 7 survivors), but the explosion brought other Russian boats to the location.
At 1910hrs, Russian 'Oberleutnant` Aleksander Kolenko, chief of MO 103, got a sonar contact from U-250 and dropped five depth charges. U-250 was not heavily damaged, but because an air-bubble track was visible on the water MO 103 dropped a second series of five depth charges. One of these exploded over the diesel room. A large hole opened in U-250's hull and she sank. Kapitänleutnant Werner-Karl Schmidt along with five other crewmembers in the control room managed to escape at the last minute.
Needless to say the Russians were thrilled to have a German U-boat captain alive and a sunken U-boat in shallow waters. Russian divers soon discovered that the boat lay at only 27 meters under water and had only a slight list of 14 degrees to the right. A large hole above the diesel room was observed. Two large air tanks, 200 tons each, were transported to the area and the Russians worked behind a smokescreen to raise the boat.
The Germans and the Finnish did what they could to prevent the boat, which was equipped with the new secret T5 acoustic-torpedo, also called Zaunkönig (Wren), from falling into Soviet hands. Finnish coastal artillery and German torpedo boats made frequent attacks on the salvage site, but to no avail.
U-250 in the dry dock at Kronstadt.
The heavily damaged section of U-250.
The former Commander, Kptlt. Schmidt, had to go first into the now dry boat, as the Russian believed some explosive charges might still be on the boat. The 6 survivors then spent some years in Russian captivity.
5 of the 6 survivors in Russian captivity.
Boris A. Karwaschin
U 250, Neue Dokumente und Fakten*
Sankt Petersburg, Jena 1994
* A well researched and a highly recommended book!
Raised in Sept 1944. From 12 April, 1945 to 20 Aug 1945 in the Russian Navy as TS-14. Later broken up.
Men lost from U-boats
Unlike many other U-boats, which during their service lost men due to accidents and various other causes, U-250 did not suffer any casualties (we know of) until the time of her loss.