List of all U-boats

U-616

Type

VIIC

 
Ordered15 Aug 1940
Laid down20 May 1941 Blohm & Voss, Hamburg (werk 592)
Launched8 Feb 1942
Commissioned2 Apr 1942Oblt. Johann Spindlegger
Commanders
2 Apr 1942 - 7 Oct 1942  Oblt. Johann Spindlegger
8 Oct 1942 - 17 May 1944  Oblt. Siegfried Koitschka (Knights Cross)
Career
9 patrols
2 Apr 1942-31 Dec 1942  8. Flottille (training)
1 Jan 1943-31 May 1943  6. Flottille (active service)
1 Jun 1943-17 May 1944  29. Flottille (active service)
Successes2 warships sunk, total tonnage 2,181 tons
2 ships damaged, total tonnage 17,754 GRT
Fate

Scuttled on 17 May 1944 in the Mediterranean east of Cartagena, in position 36.46N, 00.52E, after sustaining fatal damage from depth charges from the US destroyers USS Nields, USS Gleaves, USS Ellyson, USS Macomb, USS Hambleton, USS Rodman and USS Emmons, and by depth charges from a British Wellington aircraft (Sqdn. 36/K), in a 3 day-long action. 53 survivors (no casualties).

Loss position

See the 4 ships hit by U-616 - View the 9 war patrols

Wolfpack operations

U-616 operated with the following Wolfpacks during its career:
   Burggraf (24 Feb 1943 - 5 Mar 1943)
   Westmark (6 Mar 1943 - 11 Mar 1943)
   Stürmer (11 Mar 1943 - 20 Mar 1943)

Attacks on this boat and other events

13 May 1943
Convoy escorts in the Mediterranean pounded U-616 with 64 depth charges. Severe damage forced the boat to return to base.

4 Oct 1943
An unidentified aircraft attacked the boat at 07.30 hrs on 4 Oct, one day into her patrol from Toulon. (Sources: http://www.uboatarchive.net/U-616INT.htm)

15 Oct 1943
The British submarine HMS Untiring fired 3 torpedoes at U-616 as she was about to enter port at Toulon, France. They missed or malfunctioned. (Sources: http://www.uboatarchive.net/U-616INT.htm)

3 recorded attacks on this boat.

General notes on this boat

14 May 1944. On 14 May 1944 U-616 attacked convoy GUS 39, damaging two Allied merchants (G.S. Walden and Fort Fidler), and the Allies began to swamp the area immediately (see page on U-371 for details). Eight American destroyers and aircraft from five squadrons hunted the boat until it was sunk on 17 May.

Five hours later U-960 attacked the US destroyer USS Ellyson off Oran, which had survivors from U-616 on board. Luckily for them, U-960's attack was unsuccessful, and another Swamp operation began, which eventually located and sank U-960 on 19 May.

Men lost from U-boats

Unlike many other U-boats, which during their service lost men due to accidents and various other causes, U-616 did not suffer any casualties (we know of) until the time of her loss.

U-boat Emblems

We have 1 emblem entry for this boat. See the emblem page for this boat or view emblems individually below.


Figure

Media links


U-Boat Attack Logs

Daniel Morgan and Bruce Taylor


U-Boat Adventures

Wiggins, Melanie


U-Boat Operations of the Second World War - Vol 2

Wynn, Kenneth


Hitler's U-boat War, Vol II

Blair, Clay


German U-Boat Losses During World War II

Niestle, Axel