List of all U-boats

U-852

Type

IXD2

 
Ordered20 Jan 1941
Laid down15 Apr 1942 AG Weser, Bremen (werk 1058)
Launched28 Jan 1943
Commissioned15 Jun 1943Kptlt. Heinz-Wilhelm Eck
Commanders
15 Jun 1943 - 3 May 1944  Kptlt. Heinz-Wilhelm Eck
Career
1 patrol
15 Jun 1943-31 Jan 1944  4. Flottille (training)
1 Feb 1944-3 May 1944  12. Flottille (active service)
Successes2 ships sunk, total tonnage 9,972 GRT
Fate

Scuttled on 3 May 1944 in the Arabian Sea off the east coast of Somalia, in position 09.32N, 50.59E, after running aground during a British air attack by 6 Wellington aircraft (Sqdn 621 and 8). 7 dead and 59 survivors.

Loss position

See the 2 ships hit by U-852 - View the 1 war patrol

General notes on this boat

14 Mar 1944. U-852 was proceeding to the Indian Ocean to join the Monsun wolfpack when its commander committed an act that made it infamous.

Kptlt. Heinz Eck had survivors and wreckage from the Greek steamer Peleus machine-gunned with the intention of erasing all traces of the sinking. Eck and two of his crew were tried and executed after the war: he was the only U-boat commander indicted for war crimes. See our article Heinz-Wilhelm Eck: Siegerjustiz and the Peleus Affair.

3 May 1944. On 3 May 1944 the Allies captured an intact Fa330 "Bachstelze" autogyro carried by the U-852, the first inkling of its existence. Impressed by its simplicity and ease of assembly, they began evaluation.

Source: Aircraft of the Smithsonian

Men lost from U-boats

Unlike many other U-boats, which during their service lost men due to accidents and various other causes, U-852 did not suffer any casualties (we know of) until the time of her loss.

U-boat Emblems

We have 1 emblem entry for this boat. See the emblem page for this boat or view emblems individually below.


Turtle

Media links


U-Boat Operations of the Second World War - Vol 2

Wynn, Kenneth


Hitler's U-boat War, Vol II

Blair, Clay


German U-Boat Losses During World War II

Niestle, Axel