Ships hit by U-boats


Texan

American Steam merchant



US Naval Historical Center Photograph #NH65045-A

NameTexan
Type:Steam merchant
Tonnage7,005 tons
Completed1902 - New York Shipbuilding Corp, Camden NJ 
OwnerAmerican-Hawaiian SS Co, New York 
HomeportNew York 
Date of attack12 Mar 1942Nationality:      American
 
FateSunk by U-126 (Ernst Bauer)
Position21° 34'N, 76° 28'W - Grid DN 4745
Complement47 (9 dead and 38 survivors).
Convoy
RouteNew York - Port of Spain, Trinidad - Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 
Cargo10.915 tons of general cargo 
History Completed in October 1902. In March 1918 acquired by the US Navy as cargo transport USS Texan (ID # 1354) for the Naval Overseas Transportation Service. In January 1919 converted to a troop transport and used to repatriate US troops from Europe. Returned to owner by the US Shipping Board in August 1919. 
Notes on event

At 02.34 hours on 12 March 1942 the unarmed and unescorted Texan (Master Robert Hugh Murphy) was hit on the port side at the bulkhead between the #6 and #7 holds by one torpedo from U-126 while steaming on a nonevasive course at 11.8 knots about 40 miles east of Nuevitas, Cuba. About five minutes later, the U-boat began shelling the ship in an attempt to destroy the radio shack. The vessel was hit by four rounds but had successfully send emergency messages. Within ten minutes after the hit, ten officers and 37 crewmen had abandoned ship in two lifeboats but when the ship sank 13 minutes after the hit the suction capsized both and three officers and six crewmen drowned. Ten men righted one lifeboat at daybreak and they picked up later 28 other survivors. About 22.00 hours, a plane of the US Navy passed the survivors several times without spotting them. At 05.30 hours on 13 March, the lifeboat was spotted by the Cuban fishing boat Yoyo approximately 15 miles west-southwest of the sinking position and was towed to Nuevitas, arriving there at 16.50 hours.

The master Robert Hugh Murphy later commanded the Coloradan, which was sunk by U-159 (Witte) on 9 Oct 1942.

 
On boardWe have details of 11 people who were on board

Location of attack on Texan.

ship sunk.


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