American Steam merchant
|Type:||Steam merchant (Hog Island)|
|Completed||1920 - American International Shipbuilding Corp, Hog Island PA|
|Owner||American Export Lines Inc, New York|
|Date of attack||9 Oct 1942||Nationality: American|
|Fate||Sunk by U-68 (Karl-Friedrich Merten)|
|Position||34.52S, 18.30E - Grid GR 5965|
|Complement||51 (11 dead and 40 survivors).|
|Route||Colombo, Ceylon - Capetown|
|Cargo||5776 tons of chrome ore, jute and hemp|
|History||Completed in January 1920 as Coeur d´Alene for US Shipping Board (USSB), Philadelphia. 1928 renamed Examelia for American Export Lines Inc, New York. |
|Notes on event|
At 03.44 hours on 9 Oct, 1942, the unescorted Examelia (Master Andrew Tulenko) was hit by one torpedo from U-68 about 20 miles south of the Cape of Good Hope, while proceeding on a nonevasive course at 10 knots in complete darkness. The torpedo struck at the bulkhead between the fireroom and engine room. The explosion stopped the engines immediately and caused the ship to sink within seven minutes. 43 of the eight officers, 30 men and 13 armed guard (the ship was armed with one 4in, four 20mm and two .30cal guns) abandoned ship in two lifeboats, four rafts and two floats. The first boat could not be successfully launched and went down with the ship, taking two men along. The other boat capsized because of the rapid sinking, drowning one man. The master, one officer, six men and three armed guards died. Another lifeboat floated free and the survivors righted the capsized boat and distributed the men between the two boats. U-68 surfaced and questioned the survivors before leaving.
On 21 October, all 40 survivors left Capetown on the Zaandam, which was sunk by U-174 (Thilo) on 2 November. 21 of the original survivors died in this sinking. 11 crew members and three armed guards spent five days in a lifeboat before they were picked up by the Gulfstate which took them to Trinidad, arriving on 13 November. Five others in a lifeboat reached the coast of Brazil nine days after the sinking.
|On board||We have details of 47 people who were on board.|
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