List of all U-boats

U-2511

Type

XXI

 
Ordered6 Nov 1943
Laid down7 Jul 1944 Blohm & Voss, Hamburg (werk 2511)
Launched2 Sep 1944
Commissioned29 Sep 1944Korvkpt. Adalbert Schnee (Knights Cross)
Commanders
29 Sep 1944 - 9 May 1945  KrvKpt. Adalbert Schnee (Knights Cross)
Career
1 patrol
29 Sep 1944-14 Mar 1945  31. Flottille (training)
15 Mar 1945-8 May 1945  11. Flottille (active service)
SuccessesNo ships sunk or damaged
Fate

Surrendered on 9 May 1945 at Bergen, Norway (Waller & Niestlé, 2010).

Departed Bergen 17 June
Arrived Lerwick, Shetlands 18 June
Departed Lerwick 19 June
Arrived Lisahally, Northern Ireland 21 June

Operation Deadlight (post-war Allied operation, info)
On 2 Jan, 1946 she was taken to Moville. From there she was sunk on 7 Jan, 1946 at 19.40 hours in position 55.33, 07.38W.

Final location

Blue marker shows final fate during Operation Deadlight. Orange marker shows German surrender.

View the 1 war patrol

This boat is a dive site

Innes McCartney dove on this boat in 2001 (see his report). About 20-30m underwater visibility [at the time] - 69 metres depth.

Depth: 220 feet (67 meters)
Position (lat, long): 55.33, -7.38

See more U-boat dive sites.

General notes on this boat

30 Jan 1945. U-2511 had completed the usual working-up exercises in the Bay of Danzig, as well as trials of new equipment. She left port on 30 January, 1945, with her crew and dozens of refugees — of the tens of thousands — who had crowded into Danzig in hopes of safe passage from the Russian incursion. Several hours into her journey, she surfaced near the Stolpe Banks in the Baltic off Leba. There the crew took on survivors from the wreck of the Wilhelm Gustloff, which had taken three torpedoes amidships from the Russian submarine S-13. The crew evaded mines, surface ships, and Allied submarines to reach the harbours of Sässnitz/Rügen islands, where their passengers disembarked for a refugee camp.

30 Apr 1945. The first type XXI boat patrol
U-2511 left the Bay of Danzig on 30 January 1945, where she had completed the usual training together with extensive trials of new equipment. She then returned to the shipyard for some remaining work to be completed. On 16 March, U-2511 left Kiel as part of a combat flotilla, the first Type XXI U-boat to do so. A few days later she arrived at Horten U-boat base in Norway. After undergoing deep diving trials, the boat left for Bergen on 18 April, arriving there on 21 April.

On the evening of 30 April, as Hitler committed suicide in Berlin, U-2511 set out from Bergen on her first and last patrol. The crew served under very experienced officers like Korvkpt. Adalbert Schnee (Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves), previously highly successful commander of U-201, followed by two years on Dönitz's personal staff. Also aboard was one of the very few LIs to be awarded the Knight's Cross, Korvkpt. (Ing) Gerd Suhren, 'Teddy' Suhren's brother.

The intended destination of the patrol was the Caribbean, where the boat was to be tested under all conditions. On 1 May U-2511 made her first enemy contact. On 4 May Korvkpt. Schnee received Dönitz's cease-fire order. A few hours later U-2511 followed an HE (passive sonar) contact to the British cruiser HMS Norfolk, which was proceeding in company with other British warships. U-2511 approached to within 500 metres of her without any Asdic (active sonar) contact from escorting destroyers.

Schnee had a certain opportunity to torpedo the cruiser, but left the scene without revealing his presence and returned to base. U-2511 reached Bergen on 5 May, where a few days later Schnee met officers from HMS Norfolk, who at first refused to believe that U-2511 could have gotten so close without being detected.

Men lost from U-boats

Unlike many other U-boats, which during their service lost men due to accidents and various other causes, U-2511 did not suffer any casualties (we know of) until the time of her loss.


Media links


The Grey Wolves of Eriboll

David M. Hird


U-Boat Operations of the Second World War - Vol 2

Wynn, Kenneth


Hitler's U-boat War, Vol II

Blair, Clay


German U-Boat Losses During World War II

Niestle, Axel


The Royal Navy and German Naval Disarmament, 1942-1947

Madsen, Chris