Kapitänleutnant (Crew 34)
4 ships sunk, total tonnage 22,304 GRT
|Born||23 Oct 1914||Berlin|
|Died||25 Apr 1966||(51)||Bonn|
|U-67||5 Jun 1941||2 Jul 1941||No war patrols|
|U-171||25 Oct 1941||9 Oct 1942||1 patrol (115 days)|
|U-170||19 Jan 1943||Jul, 1944||3 patrols (270 days)|
|U-548||Aug, 1944||Nov, 1944||2 patrols (52 days)|
Günther Pfeffer joined the German Navy (Reichsmarine) in 1934. He served as the First Watch officer (1WO) on the U-67 from Jan to May 1941, before taking command of the boat for a month in the summer (Busch & Röll, 1999).
Günther Pfeffer commissioned the new type IXC boat U-171 at Bremen on 25 Oct 1941 (Busch & Röll, 1999). He went out on 1 long patrol of 115 days to the Gulf of Mexico during the summer of 1942. On reaching base after his patrol the boat was sunk by mines on 9 Oct 1942 suffering 22 dead but with 30 survivors (Niestlé, 1998). He sank 3 ships for 17,641 tons in the Gulf of Mexico.
After another U-boat familiarization from Nov 1942 to Jan 1943 Pfeffer then commissioned another type IXC boat, the U-170, also at Bremen on 19 Jan 1943 (Busch & Röll, 1999). He commanded the boat on 3 patrols of 270 days, sinking 1 ship of 4,663 tons.
In August 1944 Pfeffer became acting commander of the U-548, then stationed at besieged Lorient, France (Busch & Röll, 1999). He took the boat from Lorient on 11 Aug and arrived at Bergen, Norway on 25 sept 1944. Then he took the boat to Flensburg via short stop at Hölen arriving on 12 Oct (Busch & Röll, 1997).
The last months of the war Günther Pfeffer spent as a training leader at torpedo schools and other staff positions at Kiel (Busch & Röll, 1999).
After the war
Günther Pfeffer rejoined the Bundesmarine, post-war German navy, after the war and held the rank of Fregattenkapitän at the time of his death (Rust, 2009).
Busch, R. and Röll, H-J. (1999). German U-boat commanders of World War II.
Busch, R. and Röll, H-J. (1997). Der U-Bootkrieg 1939-1945 (Band 2).
Niestlé, A. (1998). German U-boat losses during World War II.
Rust, E. (2009) E-mail correspondence. Author of Naval Officers under Hitler.
Patrol info for Günther Pfeffer
|1.||U-171||17 Jun 1942||Kiel||9 Oct 1942||Sunk||Patrol 1,||115 days|
|2.||U-170||27 May 1943||Kiel||9 Jul 1943||Lorient||Patrol 2,||44 days|
|3.||U-170||29 Aug 1943||Lorient||23 Dec 1943||Lorient||Patrol 3,||117 days|
|4.||U-170||9 Feb 1944||Lorient||27 May 1944||Lorient||Patrol 4,||109 days|
|5.||U-548||11 Aug 1944||Lorient||25 Sep 1944||Bergen||Patrol 5,||46 days|
|6.||U-548||27 Sep 1944||Bergen||28 Sep 1944||Hölen||2 days|
|7.||U-548||7 Oct 1944||Hölen||12 Oct 1944||Flensburg||Patrol 6,||6 days|
|6 patrols, 437 days at sea|
Ships hit by Günther Pfeffer
|Date||U-boat||Name of ship||Tons||Nat.||Convoy|
|26 Jul 1942||U-171||Oaxaca||4,351||me|
|13 Aug 1942||U-171||R.M. Parker Jr.||6,779||am|
|4 Sep 1942||U-171||Amatlan||6,511||me|
|23 Oct 1943||U-170||Campos||4,663||bz|
4 ships sunk (22,304 tons).
About ranks and decorations
Ranks shown in italics are our database inserts based on the rank dates of his crew comrades. The officers of each crew would normally have progressed through the lower ranks at the same rate.