Kapitänleutnant (Crew 34)
4 ships sunk, total tonnage 22,304 GRT
|Born||23 Oct 1914||Berlin|
|Died||25 Apr 1966||(51)||Bonn|
|U-67||5 Jun 1941||2 Jul 1941||No war patrols|
|U-171||25 Oct 1941||9 Oct 1942||1 patrol (115 days)|
|U-170||19 Jan 1943||Jul, 1944||3 patrols (270 days)|
|U-548||Aug, 1944||Nov, 1944||2 patrols (52 days)|
Günther Pfeffer joined the German Navy (Reichsmarine) in 1934. He served as 1st Watch Officer (1WO) on U-67 from Jan to May 1941 before taking command of the boat for a month. (Busch & Röll, 1999)
OL Pfeffer commissioned the Type IXC U-171 at Bremen on 25 Oct 1941. (Busch & Röll, 1999) He went out on one long patrol of 115 days to the Gulf of Mexico during the summer of 1942, sinking three ships totalling 17,641 tons. On reaching base on 9 Oct the boat was sunk by a mine, leaving 22 dead and 30 survivors. (Niestlé, 1998)
After another U-boat familiarization from Nov 1942 to Jan 1943, KL Pfeffer commissioned a second Type IXC boat, U-170, on 19 Jan 1943, and again at Bremen. (Busch & Röll, 1999) He commanded the boat on three patrols of 270 days total, sinking one ship of 4,663 tons.
In August 1944 Pfeffer took over as acting commander of U-548, then stationed at besieged Lorient, France (Busch & Röll, 1999), leaving there on 11 Aug to arrive at Bergen, Norway on 25 Sept. From there he took the boat to Flensburg, with a brief stop at Hölen, arriving 12 Oct. (Busch & Röll, 1997)
Günther Pfeffer spent the last months of the war as a training leader of torpedo schools and other staff positions at Kiel. (Busch & Röll, 1999)
Günther Pfeffer joined the Bundesmarine, the Federal German Navy, after the war and held the rank of Fregattenkapitän at the time of his death (Rust, 2009).
Busch, R. and Röll, H-J. (1999). German U-boat commanders of World War II.
Busch, R. and Röll, H-J. (1997). Der U-Bootkrieg 1939-1945 (Band 2).
Niestlé, A. (1998). German U-boat losses during World War II.
Rust, E. (2009) E-mail correspondence. Author of Naval Officers under Hitler.
Patrol info for Günther Pfeffer
|1.||U-171||17 Jun 1942||Kiel||9 Oct 1942||Sunk||Patrol 1,||115 days|
|2.||U-170||27 May 1943||Kiel||9 Jul 1943||Lorient||Patrol 2,||44 days|
|3.||U-170||29 Aug 1943||Lorient||23 Dec 1943||Lorient||Patrol 3,||117 days|
|4.||U-170||9 Feb 1944||Lorient||27 May 1944||Lorient||Patrol 4,||109 days|
|5.||U-548||11 Aug 1944||Lorient||25 Sep 1944||Bergen||Patrol 5,||46 days|
|6.||U-548||27 Sep 1944||Bergen||28 Sep 1944||Hölen||2 days|
|7.||U-548||7 Oct 1944||Hölen||12 Oct 1944||Flensburg||Patrol 6,||6 days|
|6 patrols, 437 days at sea|
Ships hit by Günther Pfeffer
|Date||U-boat||Name of ship||Tons||Nat.||Convoy|
|26 Jul 1942||U-171||Oaxaca||4,351||me|
|13 Aug 1942||U-171||R.M. Parker Jr.||6,779||am|
|4 Sep 1942||U-171||Amatlan||6,511||me|
|23 Oct 1943||U-170||Campos||4,663||bz|
4 ships sunk (22,304 tons).
About ranks and decorations
Ranks shown in italics are our database inserts based on the rank dates of his crew comrades. The officers of each crew would normally have progressed through the lower ranks at the same rate.