HMS Calder (K 349)
Frigate of the Captain class
|Navy||The Royal Navy|
|Built by||Bethlehem-Hingham Shipyard Inc. (Hingham, Massachusetts, U.S.A.)|
|Ordered||10 Jan 1942|
|Laid down||11 Dec 1942|
|Launched||27 Mar 1943|
|Commissioned||15 Jul 1943|
Returned to the USN on 19 October 1945.
|Former name||USS Formoe DE 58|
Commands listed for HMS Calder (K 349)
Please note that we're still working on this section
and that we only list Commanding Officers for the duration of the Second World War.
|1||Lt.Cdr. Arthur Denis White, RNR||Mar 1943||Feb 1944|
|2||T/A/Lt.Cdr. Edward Playne, RNVR||Feb 1944||late 1945|
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Notable events involving Calder include:
17 Dec 1943
Combined Convoy MKF 27 / XIF 6.
This combined convoy sailed from Port Said on 17 December 1943.
On departure from Port Said the combined convoy was made up of the following (troop) transports; Bergensfjord (Norwegian, 11015 GRT, built 1913), Indrapoera (Dutch, 10825 GRT, built 1925), Orion (British, 23371 GRT, built 1935), Ruys (Dutch, 14155 GRT, built 1937), Strathmore (British, 23428 GRT, built 1935), Takliwa (British, 7936 GRT, built 1924) and Volendam (British, 15434 GRT, built 1922).
Two more (troop) transports sailed from Alexandria and joined the convoy, these were the; Aronda (British, 9031 GRT, built 1941) and Princess Kathleen (British, 5875 GRT, built 1925).
On 17 December 1943, the escort destroyers ORP Slazak (Cdr. R. Nalecz-Tyminski, ORP), ORP Krakowiak (Lt.Cdr. W. Maracewicz), HMS Atherstone (Lt.Cdr. E.N. Wood, DSC, RNVR) and HMS Cleveland (Lt.Cdr. J.K. Hamilton, RN) departed Tobruk to join the convoy which they did the following day. They later split off with convoy the ships for Taranto (Convoy XIF 6).
The ships that were in convoy XIF 6 were the following; Aronda, Bergensfjord, Highland Princess, Indrapoera, Princess Kathleen, Ruys, Takliwa and Volendam.
Convoy XIF 6 arrived at Taranto on 21 December 1943.
Meanwhile the Orion and Strathmore had continued on to Augusta where they arrived on 20 December 1943 escorted by HMS Antwerp, HMS Tetcott, Exmoor, HMS Croome, RHS Miaoules and RHS Themistocles.
The Orion and Strathnmore remained at Augusta until 24 December 1943 when they departed for the U.K. They had been joined by the ships from convoy XIF 6A which had arrived on 23 December 1943 after having departed Taranto on 22 December 1943. The ships in convoy XIF 6A were the same ships that had been in convoy XIF 6 except for the Aronda which remained at Taranto. Also the escort had been the same.
On the convoys departure from Augusta it was escorted by ORP Slazak, ORP Krakowiak, HMS Atherstone and HMS Cleveland.
Around 1415A/25, the light cruiser HMS Spartan (Capt. P.V. McLaughlin, RN) joined off Bizerta.
Off Algiers, on the 26/27th, the escort destroyers were relieved by the frigates HMS Bentinck (Cdr. E.H. Chavasse, DSO, DSC, RN), HMS Bazely (Lt.Cdr. J.V. Brock, RCNVR), HMS Burges (Lt.Cdr. H. Hill, DSC, RD, RNR), HMS Byard (Lt.Cdr. L.H. Phillips, RN), HMS Calder (Lt.Cdr. A.D. White, RD, RNR) and HMS Drury (Lt. N.J. Parker, RN).
Also the (troop) transports Maloja (British, 20914 GRT, built 1923) and Otranto (British, 20026 GRT, built 1925) joined.
Off Oran on the 27th, more (troop) transports joined, these were the Antenor (British, 11174 GRT, built 1925), Boissevain (Dutch, 14134 GRT, built 1937), Cameronia (British, 16297 GRT, built 1920) and Ormonde (British, 14982 GRT, built 1917).
Off Gibraltar, HMS Spartan was detached which then entered harbour while the (troop) transport Dempo (Dutch, 17024 GRT, built 1931) joined the convoy.
The convoy arrived in the U.K. on 4 January 1944.
21 Feb 1944
HMS H 34 (Lt. R.L. Jay, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Lough Foyle with HMS Calder (T/A/Lt.Cdr. E. Playne, RNVR), HMS Bentinck (Cdr. E.H. Chavasse, DSO, DSC, RN), HMS Burges (Lt.Cdr. H. Hill, DSC, RD, RNR) and HMS Buttercup (T/Lt. R.J. Jonckheere, RNR). (4)
4 May 1944
HMS H 28 (Lt. A.S. Melville-Ross, DSC, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Lough Foyle with HMS Pennywort (T/Lt. A.W. James, RNR), HMS Wanderer, HMS Drury (Lt. N.J. Parker, RN), HMS Calder (T/A/Lt.Cdr. E. Playne, RNVR) and HMS Scarborough (Lt.Cdr. E.B. Carnduff, RN). (5)
21 Jun 1944
Convoy MKF 32.
This convoy departed Port Said on 21 June 1944 and arrived in U.K. waters on 4 July 1944.
It was made up of the following transport vessels; Antenor (British, 11174 GRT, built 1925), Nieuw Holland (British, 11066 GRT, built 1927), Orduna (British, 15507 GRT, built 1914), Orion (British, 23371 GRT, built 1935), Ormonde (British, 14982 GRT, built 1917), Ranchi (British, 16738 GRT, built 1925), Stratheden (British, 23722 GRT, built 1937) and Strathmore (British, 23428 GRT, built 1935).
On departure from Port Said the convoy was escorted by the escort destroyers HMS Chiddingfold (Lt. T.M. Dorrien-Smith, RN), HMS Croome (T/A/Lt.Cdr. J.S. Lawrence, DSC, RNVR), HMS Exmoor (Lt. D.D. Howson, RN), HMS Tetcott (Lt. H.J. Watkins, RN) and HMS Wheatland (Lt. H.A. Corbett, DSC, RN).
Later on 21 June 1944 the damaged light cruiser HMS Birmingham (Capt. H.W. Williams, RN) joined the convoy for passage to Gibraltar. She came from Alexandria together with the netlayer HMS Guardian (Capt.(Retd.) H.A.C. Lane, OBE, RN) which also joined the convoy for passage westwards to Djidjelli, Algeria [now called Jijel].
In the eastern Mediterranean the escort destroyer Quantock was also with the convoy for a while. [Further details currently unkown.]
Around noon on 25 June 1944 convoy SNF 25 coming from Naples merged with the convoy. Convoy SNF 25 had departed Naples on 24 June 1944 and was made up of the transports Hai Lee (Norwegian, 3616 GRT, built 1934), Orontes (British, 20097 GRT, built 1929) and Samaria (British, 19597 GRT, built 1921).
On departure from Naples this convoy was escorted by the escort carrier HMS Attacker (Capt. H.B. Farncomb, DSO, MVO, RAN), frigates HMS Bazely (Lt.Cdr. J.V. Brock, RCNVR), HMS Bentinck (Cdr. E.H. Chavasse, DSO, DSC, RN), HMS Byard (A/Lt.Cdr. J.I. Jones, DSO, DSC, RNR), HMS Calder (T/A/Lt.Cdr. E. Playne, RNVR), HMS Drury (Lt.Cdr. N.J. Parker, RN), HMS Pasley (Lt.Cdr. J.H. Wright, RD, RNR) and the destroyer escort USS Frederick C. Davcis (Lt.Cdr. O.W. Goepner, USNR). This last ship served as jammer escort against German radio guided bombs.
The transport Hai Lee proceeded to Bizerta while the other two transports joined convoy MKF 32.
On 26 June, off Djidjelli, HMS Guardian was detached and later off Algiers the transport Champollion (French, 12263 GRT, built 1925) joined the convoy while HMS Attacker was detached.
On 27 June, off Oran the transport Monarch of Bermuda (British, 22424 GRT, built 1931) and the escort carrier HMS Hunter (Capt. H.H. McWilliam, RN) joined the convoy. They were escort from Oran to the rendezvous with convoy MKF 32 by the destroyers USS Knight (T/Cdr. J.C. Ford, Jr., USN) and USS Doran (T/Cdr. N.E. Smith, USN). USS Frederick C. Davis was detached to Mers-el-Kebir.
On 28 June, off Gibraltar the escort carrier HMS Hunter was detached as were the escort destroyers HMS Chiddingfold, HMS Croome, HMS Exmoor, HMS Tetcott and HMS Wheatland.
Also off Gibraltar the transports Felix Roussell (French, 17083 GRT, built 1930) and Tai Shan (Norwegian, 6962 GRT, built 1929) joined the convoy as did the escort carriers HMS Nairana (Capt. R.M.T. Taylor, RN), HMS Ravager (A/Capt. G.V.B. Faulkner, RN) and the AA ship HMCS Prince Robert (Cdr. A.M. Hope, RCN).
The convoy arrived in U.K. waters on 4 July 1944.
24 Aug 1944
HrMs O 10 (Lt. S.H. de Boer, RNN) participated in A/S exercises off Lough Foyle together with HMS Bazely (A/Lt.Cdr.(Retd.) J.W. Cooper, RNR), HMS Calder (T/A/Lt.Cdr. E. Playne, RNVR) and HMS Pasley (Lt. P.G.R. Mitchell, RN). (6)
9 Dec 1944
HMS Vengeful (Lt. A.S. Melville-Ross, DSC, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Larne with HMCS Grou (Lt.Cdr. H.G. Dupont, RCNR), HMCS Annan (T/A/Lt.Cdr C.P. Balfry, RCNR), HMS Byard (A/Lt.Cdr. J.I. Jones, DSO, DSC, RNR), HMS Calder (T/A/Lt.Cdr. E. Playne, DSC, RNVR) and HMS Drury (Lt.Cdr. N.J. Parker, RN). (7)
26 Jan 1945
German U-boat U-1051 was sunk in the Irish Sea south of the Isle of Man, in position 53°39'N, 05°23'W, by ramming and depth charges from the British frigates HMS Aylmer (Lt. A.D.P. Campbell, RN), HMS Calder (Lt.Cdr. E. Playne, DSC, RNVR), HMS Bentinck (Cdr. R.C.S. Garwood, RN) and HMS Manners (A/Cdr. J.V. Waterhouse, DSO, RN).
8 Apr 1945
German U-boat U-774 was sunk in the North Atlantic south-west of Ireland, in position 49°58'N, 11°51'W, by depth charges from the British frigates HMS Calder (T/A/Lt.Cdr. E. Playne, DSC, RNVR) and HMS Bentinck (A/Lt.Cdr. P.R.G. Worth, RN).
- ADM 173/18180
- ADM 173/18090
- File 2.12.03.6372 (Dutch Archives, The Hague, Netherlands)
- ADM 173/18492
- ADM 173/18473
- File 2.12.03.6385 (Dutch Archives, The Hague, Netherlands)
- ADM 173/19365
ADM numbers indicate documents at the British National Archives at Kew, London.
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