Allied Warships

Events on this day

21 November

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This page is our compilation of data from several different databases. All data shown here is dynamic, but is accurate according to the information we have right now. Although content is still being added daily, more than 75% of the launched and commissioned data is already in place, so this section is almost complete.

Quick links: War losses - General events

The Shipyard Report


Laid down (34)

1934: Royal Navy Light cruiser Southampton (83)

1938: Royal Navy Minelayer M 1 (M 19) - Royal Navy Submarine Torbay (N 79)

1939: Royal Navy Light cruiser Argonaut (61) - Royal Navy Escort destroyer Eridge (L 68) - Royal Navy Escort destroyer Farndale (L 70)

1941: US Navy Landing craft tank LCT 388 (LCT 388) - US Navy Submarine chaser SC-643 (SC-643) - US Navy Minesweeper YMS-92 (YMS-92)

1942: Royal Canadian Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-317 (LCI(L)-317) - Royal Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-313 (LCI(L)-313) - Royal Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-314 (LCI(L)-314) - Royal Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-315 (LCI(L)-315) - Royal Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-316 (LCI(L)-316) - Royal Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-317 (LCI(L)-317) - Royal Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-318 (LCI(L)-318) - Royal Navy Tank landing ship LST 360 (LST 360) - US Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-313 (LCI(L)-313) - US Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-314 (LCI(L)-314) - US Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-315 (LCI(L)-315) - US Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-316 (LCI(L)-316) - US Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-317 (LCI(L)-317) - US Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-318 (LCI(L)-318) - US Navy Tank landing ship LST 267 (LST 267) - US Navy Tank landing ship LST 359 (LST 359) - US Navy Tank landing ship LST 360 (LST 360) - US Navy Motor torpedo boat PT 190 - US Navy Destroyer Escort Sloat (DE 245) - US Navy Minesweeper YMS-276 (YMS-276)

1943: Royal Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-390 (LCI(L)-390) - US Navy Destroyer John W. Thomason (DD 760) - US Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-390 (LCI(L)-390)

1944: US Navy Tank landing ship LST 972 (LST 972) - US Navy Motor torpedo boat PT 647

Launched (66)

1907: Royal Navy Submarine Depot Ship Lucia (F 27)

1918: Royal Navy Minesweeper Albury (J 41) - Royal Navy Rescue Tug Respond (W 92) - US Navy Submarine S-30 (135)

1925: Royal Navy MS Trawler Loch Alsh

1933: US Navy Submarine Cuttlefish (171)

1934: Royal Navy ASW Trawler Drangey (FY 195)

1940: Royal Canadian Navy Corvette Lethbridge (K 160)

1941: Royal Navy Rescue Tug Charon (W 109) - Royal Navy Motor minesweeper MMS 149 (J 649) - Royal Navy Motor minesweeper MMS 88 (J 588) - US Navy Battleship Indiana (BB 58) - US Navy Submarine chaser SC-525 (SC-525)

1942: Royal Canadian Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-298 (LCI(L)-298) - Royal Canadian Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-299 (LCI(L)-299) - Royal Canadian Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-301 (LCI(L)-301) - Royal Canadian Navy Minesweeper Portage (J 331) - Royal Navy Minesweeper BYMS 2171 (J 971) - Royal Navy Minesweeper BYMS 2217 (J 1017) - Royal Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-248 (LCI(L)-248) - Royal Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-297 (LCI(L)-297) - Royal Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-298 (LCI(L)-298) - Royal Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-299 (LCI(L)-299) - Royal Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-300 (LCI(L)-300) - Royal Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-301 (LCI(L)-301) - Royal Navy Landing Craft Tank LCT 617 (LCT 617) - Royal Navy Tank landing ship LST 159 (LST 159) - Royal Navy Tank landing ship LST 414 (LST 414) - Royal Navy Tank landing ship LST 415 (LST 415) - Royal Navy Motor minesweeper MMS 286 (J 786) - US Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-248 (LCI(L)-248) - US Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-297 (LCI(L)-297) - US Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-298 (LCI(L)-298) - US Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-299 (LCI(L)-299) - US Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-300 (LCI(L)-300) - US Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-301 (LCI(L)-301) - US Navy Landing craft tank LCT 173 (LCT 173) - US Navy Destroyer Escort Le Hardy (DE 20) - US Navy Tank landing ship LST 159 (LST 159) - US Navy Tank landing ship LST 414 (LST 414) - US Navy Tank landing ship LST 415 (LST 415) - US Navy Tank landing ship LST 467 (LST 467) - US Navy Motor torpedo boat PT 163 - US Navy Motor torpedo boat PT 239 - US Navy Motor torpedo boat PT 240 - US Navy Motor torpedo boat PT 92 - US Navy Minesweeper Sage (AM 111) - US Navy Submarine chaser SC-1018 (SC-1018) - US Navy Submarine chaser SC-1046 (SC-1046) - US Navy Submarine chaser SC-684 (SC-684) - US Navy Minesweeper YMS-171 (YMS-171) - US Navy Minesweeper YMS-217 (YMS-217) - US Navy Minesweeper YMS-335 (YMS-335)

1943: Royal Navy Tank landing ship LST 289 (LST 289) - Royal Navy Destroyer Zambesi (R 66) - Royal Navy Frigate Zanzibar (K 596) - US Navy Minesweeper Incredible (AM 249) - US Navy Destroyer Laffey (ii) (DD 724) - US Navy Tank landing ship LST 289 (LST 289) - US Navy Patrol craft PC-1219 (PC-1219) - US Navy Destroyer Escort Willmarth (DE 638)

1944: Royal Navy Minesweeper Romola (J 449) - US Navy Landing craft tank LCT 1380 (LCT 1380)

1945: Royal Navy Submarine Tabard (P 342) - United States Coast Guard Cutter Minnetonka (WPG 67) - US Navy Destroyer Damato (DD 871)

Commissioned (38)

1918: US Navy Minesweeper Penguin (AM 33)

1919: US Navy Destroyer Herbert (DD 160)

1939: Royal Indian Navy Auxiliary patrol vessel Parvati (4.179) - Royal Navy Armed Merchant Cruiser Worcestershire (F 29)

1941: Royal Navy Motor Launch ML 298 (ML 298) - Royal Navy Motor Launch ML 446 (ML 446) - Royal Navy Motor Launch ML 457 (ML 457) - Royal Navy Motor minesweeper MMS 82 (J 582)

1942: Royal Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-171 (LCI(L)-171) - Royal Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-245 (LCI(L)-245) - Royal Navy Rescue Tug Prosperous (W 96) - US Navy Landing craft tank LCT 168 (LCT 168) - US Navy Landing craft tank LCT 173 (LCT 173) - US Navy Landing craft tank LCT 256 (LCT 256) - US Navy Landing craft tank LCT 328 (LCT 328) - US Navy Destroyer MacKenzie (ii) (DD 614) - US Navy Submarine Peto (265) - US Navy Destroyer Philip (ii) (DD 498)

1943: Royal Canadian Navy Corvette Riviere du Loup (K 357) - Royal Navy Minesweeper Fancy (J 308) - Royal Navy Harbour Defence Motor Launch HDML 1362 (ML 1362) - US Navy Minesweeper Logic (AM 258) - US Navy Escort carrier Solomons (CVE 67) - US Navy Destroyer Escort Thomas (ii) (DE 102)

1944: Royal Canadian Navy Minesweeper New Liskeard (J 397) - Royal Navy Minesweeper Lysander (ii) (J 379) - Royal Navy Motor minesweeper MMS 1054 (FY 1054) - Royal Navy Motor minesweeper MMS 1055 (FY 1055) - Royal Navy Motor Torpedo Boat MTB 387 (MTB 387) - US Navy Frigate Gladwyne (PF-62) - US Navy Landing craft support LCS(L)-80 (LCS(L)-80) - US Navy Medium landing ship (rocket) LSM(R) 190 (LSM(R) 190) - US Navy Medium landing ship (rocket) LSM(R) 191 (LSM(R) 191) - US Navy Medium landing ship (rocket) LSM(R) 192 (LSM(R) 192) - US Navy Medium landing ship (rocket) LSM(R) 193 (LSM(R) 193) - US Navy Medium landing ship (rocket) LSM(R) 194 (LSM(R) 194) - US Navy Medium landing ship (rocket) LSM(R) 195 (LSM(R) 195) - US Navy Patrol craft PCS-1448 (PCS-1448)

Legend:

Laid down means that the ship's construction was officially started by laying down the keel (often just a single steel beam but could also mean the first of many pre-fabricated sections).

Launched means that the ship was launched from its shipyard, it then began its fitting out period (installation of smaller systems, weapons etc.) - in many yards the ships were launched very complete and needed little work afterwards.

Commissioned is when the navy takes the ship officially over and gives command of it to its new captain.

War Losses on 21 November (4)


1939: Royal Navy Destroyer Gipsy (H 63)

1941: Royal Navy Motor Launch ML 219 (ML 219)

1954: Royal Navy Motor Fishing Vessel MFV 1163 (MFV 1163)

1956: Soviet Navy Submarine M-200

More information on Allied Warships losses.


General Events on 21 November


1939

Royal Navy Light cruiser HMS Belfast: HMS Belfast (Capt. G.A. Scott, DSC, RN) hit a magnetic mine in the Firth of Forth in approximate position 56°05'N, 02°32'W. This mine was laid on 4 November 1939 by German U-boat U-21. The explosion broke the ships back and caused extensive damage. HMS Belfast was decommissioned at Rosyth on 4 January 1940 for temporary repairs. Mid 1940 she shifted to the Devonport Dockyard at Plymouth to be repaired.

Royal Dutch Navy Light cruiser HNMS Tromp: HrMs Tromp (Capt. J.W. Termijtelen, RNN) anchored off Tandjung Pandan, Banka Island (Pulau Banka).

Royal Navy Armed Merchant Cruiser HMS Transylvania: The German merchant Tenerife (4996 GRT) is intercepted of the south coast of Iceland in position 62°55'N, 20°00'W by the British armed merchant cruiser HMS Transylvania (Capt. F.N. Miles, OBE, RN). However before the German ship can be captured she is scuttled by her own crew.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Unity: HMS Unity (Lt. J.F.B. Brown, RN) ended her 3rd war patrol at Blyth.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Orpheus (i): HMS Orpheus (Cdr. C.J. Blake, RN) conducted exercises off Hong Kong.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Perseus (i): HMS Perseus (Lt.Cdr. P.J.H. Bartlett, RN) departed Singapore for her 3rd war patrol. She was ordered to patrol off the West coast of Sumatra, Netherlands East Indies. For the daily and attack positions of HMS Perseus during this patrol see the map below. HMS Perseus 6th war patrol click here for bigger map

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Sterlet: HMS Sterlet (Lt. G.H.S. Haward, RN) arrived at Newcaste on Tyne where she started a refit at the Swan Hunter shipyard.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Triton: HMS Triton (Lt.Cdr. H.P. de C. Steel, RN) ended her 3rd war patrol at Rosyth.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Tribune: HMS Tribune (Lt.Cdr. G.P.S. Davies, RN) departed from Portland for Portsmouth. She arrived at Portsmouth after a few hours.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Truant: HMS Truant (Lt.Cdr. R.W. Peers, RN) shifted from Portland to Portsmouth. She was escorted by HMS Warrior II (Capt.(retired) K.A. Beattie, DSO, RN).

Royal Navy Destroyer HMS Gipsy: Around 2100 hours the British destroyers HMS Griffin (Lt.Cdr. J. Lee-Barber, RN with Capt. G.E. Creasy, MVO, RN aboard), HMS Gipsy (Lt.Cdr. N.J. Crossley, RN), HMS Keith (Cdr. H.T.W. Pawsey, OBE, RN), HMS Boadicea (Lt.Cdr. G.B. Kingdon, RN) and the Polish destroyer Grom (Lt.Cdr. A. Hulewicz, ORP) were ordered to leave Harwich and establish a patrol in the North Sea. Shortly before that, a German He 59 seaplane dropped two magnetic mines nearby, but there was no time for searching. HMS Gipsy hit one of those mines which tore her into two pieces. Most of the survivors were picked up by HMS Griffin and HMS Keith.

French Navy Minesweeper FR Chamois: Departed Brest on 21 November 1939 as escort for convoy 14-BS, bound for Casablanca (due there on 27 November 1939. The French steamer Arijon was sunk during the first 24hrs of convoy on the 22 November 1939, being torpedoed by U-43.

1940

Royal Navy Light cruiser HMS Manchester: Late in the afternoon, HMS Manchester (Capt. H.A. Packer, RN), HMS Duncan (A/Capt. A.D.B. James, RN) and HMS Forester (Lt.Cdr. E.B. Tancock, RN) (these had joined at 1400/20 coming from Gibraltar) and the merchant ship Franconia (20175 GRT, built 1923) of the convoy arrived at Gibraltar.

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS O 14: HrMs O 14 (Lt.Cdr. H. Tichelman, RNN) shifts from Rothesay to Tobermory. From here she assists in A/S exercises.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Porpoise: HMS Porpoise (Lt.Cdr. J.G. Hopkins, RN) shifted from Ardrossan to Holy Loch.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Sealion: HMS Sealion (Cdr. B. Bryant, DSC, RN) departed Blyth for her 11th war patrol. She was ordered to patrol off Utvaer, Norway. For the daily and attack positions of HMS Sealion during this patrol see the map below.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Trident: HMS Trident (Lt.Cdr. G.M. Sladen, RN) ended her 14th war patrol at Holy Loch.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Taku: HMS Taku (Lt. J.F.B. Brown, RN) departed from Holy Loch for her 8th war patrol. She is to patrol in the Bay of Biscay off the Gironde estuary. For HMS Taku's daily positions during this patrol see the map below. HMS Taku 8th war patrolclick here for bigger map

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Tuna: HMS Tuna (Lt.Cdr. M.K. Cavenagh-Mainwaring, DSO, RN) is docked at Ardrossan.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Upholder: HMS Upholder (Lt. M.D. Wanklyn, RN) departed Holy Loch for Portsmouth.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Usk (i): HMS Usk (Lt.Cdr. P.R. Ward, RN) departed Portsmouth, escorted by by the Brisitsh ASW trawler HMS Kingston Amber (Skr. J. Flett, RNR), for her 2nd war patrol. She was ordered to patrol in the English Channel.

Royal Navy Corvette HMS Rhododendron: German U-boat U-103 was attacked with depth charges by the British corvette HMS Rhododendron (Lt.Cdr. W.N.H. Faichney, RNR) north-west of Ireland, in position 56°28'N, 14°13'W. This attack is often credited with the destruction of U-104, this is however not the case and the cause of U-104's loss is still not clear.

Royal Navy Corvette HMS Rhododendron: Rhododendron (Lt.Cdr. W.N.H. Faichney, RNR) picks up 36 survivors from the British merchant Daydawn that was torpedoed and sunk by German U-boat U-103 about 250 nautical miles west of Bloody Foreland in position 56°30'N, 14°10'W.

1941

Royal Navy Heavy cruiser HMS Devonshire: On the way home after 622 days of patrol, the German raider Atlantis (Capt. Bernard Rogge) met German U-boat U-126 to refuel her north of Ascension Island. During that operation, a lookout reported a warship that turned out to be the British heavy cruiser HMS Devonshire (Capt. R.D. Oliver, DSC, RN) that arrived due to intelligence report on the rendezvous. Devonshire fired from 17000 feet, out of range from German guns. The second and third salvoes hit the German raider, her magazine exploded and Atlantis sank quickly in position 04°12'S, 18°42'W. As U-126 submerged, Dorsetshire made off at high speed, leaving it to German U-boat to pick up the survivors.

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS O 21: HrMs O 21 (Lt.Cdr. J.F. van Dulm, RNN) attacked a liner in a convoy about 15 nautical miles South-West of Civitavecchia, Italy in position 41°55'N, 11°27'E. Two torpedoes were fired but no hits were obtained. (All times are zone -1) 0645 hours - Heard HE bearing 110°. 0705 hours - Sighted a medium seized merchant vessel on a course of 300°. Started attack. 0710 hours - The ship now proved to be a heavily zigzagging Armed Merchant Cruiser belonging to a convoy of 2 medium seized merchant ships and 1 liner that was escorted by 2 AMC's. General course of the convoy was 045°. 0715 hours - Dived to a greater depth as a Cant Z 501 flying boat passed overhead just after the nearest AMC had hoisted a pendant. Returned to periscope depth shortly afterwards. 0739 hours - Fired two torpedoes at the liner from 1800 yards. Went deep. No hits were obtained. 0810 hours - The convoy was now out of sight. This liner might have been Citta di Trieste (4785 GRT, built 1915) but as of yet (January 2012) this cannot be confirmed. This will have to be researched further at the Ufficio Storico in Rome, Italy in the future.

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS O 24: HrMs O 24 (Lt.Cdr. O. de Booy, RNN) was docked at Gibraltar.

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS O 9: HrMs O 9 (Lt.Cdr. H.A.W. Goossens, RNN) participated in A/S exercises off Tobermory together with HNoMS Rose, HMS Bluebell (Lt.Cdr. R.E. Sherwood, RNR), HMS Rockrose (Lt.Cdr. J.D. Birch, RNR) and HMS Snowflake (Lt. H.G. Chesterman, RNR).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Seawolf: HMS Seawolf (Lt. R.P. Raikes, RN) attacked an enemy convoy off the Syltefjord. Four torpedoes were fired but no hits were obtained. The convoy attacked was made up of the Norwegian merchants (in German service) Trondhjemsfjord (6753 GRT, built 1922), Sandnaes (578 GRT, built 1914) and the German merchants Steinbek (2185 GRT, built 1936), Jersbek (2804 GRT, built 1938). They were escorted by the German minesweepers M 30, M 17 and the auxiliary patrol vessels Polarsonne, UJ 1708, UJ 1403. (All times are zone -3) 0034 hours - Sighted a dim white light to the southward. This proved to be a convoy of three or four ships. Started attack. Enemy course was 090°, speed 10 knots. 0100 hours - Fired four torpedoes from 5000 to 6000 yards. No hits were obtained. Two of the torpedoes had a gyro failure and ran off to starboard. No explosions were heard.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Torbay: HMS Torbay (Cdr. A.C.C. Miers, DSO, RN) carries out a brief bombardment of Ras Aamer claiming to have damaged an aircraft.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Urge: HMS Urge (Lt.Cdr. E.P. Tomkinson, RN) ended her 13th war patrol (11th in the Mediterranean) at Malta.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Utmost: HMS Utmost (Lt.Cdr. R.D. Cayley, DSO, RN) torpedoed and damaged the Italian heavy cruiser Trieste South of the Straits of Messina in position 37°48'N, 15°32'E. (All times are zone -1) 2300 hours - In position 37°48'N, 15°32'E heard HE. Shortly afterwards sighted three Italian cruisers and three destroyers bearing 275°, range about 5 nautical miles, enemy course 110°, speed 20 knots. Started attack in which four torpedoes were fired at the rear cruiser. 2312 hours - One hit was obtained just abaft the fore funnel. A column of flame rose over 200 feet in the air and the sea was illuminated for considerable distance so dived. Two depth charges were dropped shortly afterwards. Utmost meanwhile retired to the South-East. 2355 hours - A rumbling noise was heard. It was hoped that this was the cruiser sinking. A further 84 depth charges were dropped but by now Utmost was well clear. According to Italian sources Trieste (III Cruiser Division) was in company with the heavy cruisers Trento and Gorizia and covering the right flank of an important convoy of four transport ships (Napoli, Vettor Pisani, Mantovani and Monginevro) for Tripoli, the light cruisers Giuseppe Garibaldi and Luigi di Savoia Duca Delgi Abruzzi (VIII Division) were on the left flank. The group was screened by the destroyers Granatiere, Aviere, Ugolino Vivaldi, Geniere, Camicia Nera, Corazziere, Carabiniere, Alpino, Turbine, Emanuelle Pessagno, Antonio Da Noli and the torpedo-boat Perseo. Trieste was hit in boiler no.3 and had 22 killed and three wounded and temporarily immobilised but at 0038 hours managed to proceed. It was estimated that she had embarked 3000 tons of water. Shortly after the light cruiser Abruzzi was hit by an aircraft torpedo and disabled but both cruisers managed to limp back to Messina while the convoy was ordered to Taranto. The Trieste was out of action until mid-July 1942.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS P 36: HMS P 36 (Lt. H.N. Edmonds, DSC, RN) departed Portsmouth to participate in A/S exercises off Dartmouth.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS P 511: HMS P 511 (Lt. B.G. Heslop, DSC, RN) departed St. Johns, Newfoundland for the U.K.

Polish Navy Submarine ORP Sokol: ORP Sokol (Kpt.mar B. Karnicki) attacked but missed the Italian destroyer Strale inside Navarino Bay. (All times are zone -2) 1205 hours - Closed the entrance to Navarino Bay. Two destroyers were seen inside the bay, an Avieri (Soldati) class and a Spica class (torpedo boat). No merchant ships was seen from our position. Decided to attack the Avieri class destroyer. 1540 hours - Fired two torpedoes. 1542 hours - Fired a third torpedo but it had a gyro failure and it ran across Sokol which was fortunately not hit. 1543 hours - Heard two torpedo explosions thought to be hits as further gurgling sounds and smaller explosions were heard on the ASDIC. Sokol retired to the north-west.

1942

Royal Canadian Navy Corvette HMCS Timmins: HMCS Timmins (T/A/Lt.Cdr. J.M. Gillison, RCNR) and HMCS Minas (T/Lt. W.F. Wood, RCNR) together pick up 60 survivors from the British merchant Empire Sailor that had been torpedoed and sunk by the German submarine U-518 about 200 nautical miles southeast of Sydney, Nova Scotia in position 43°53'N, 55°02'W. However, several survivors had been poisoned by the phosgene gas carried as cargo and twenty of them died at sea or shortly after arriving at Halifax.

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS K XII: HrMs K XII (Lt.Cdr. T. Brunsting, RNN) arrived at Exmouth Gulf to take on board fuel, water and fresh supplies. She departed for the South coast of Java later the same day.

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS O 14: The Dutch submarine HrMs O 14 (Lt.Cdr. H.A.W. Goossens, RNN) and the Polish submarine ORP Sokol (Lt.Cdr. J. Kozio³kowski) departed Dundee for Holy Loch. She is escorted by the British ASW trawler HMS Preston North End (Lt. K.A. Vasey, MBE, RNR). On the 23th the British ASW trawler HMS Quadrille (T/Lt. N.T. Chetwood, RNVR) took over the escort.

US Navy Submarine USS Tambor: USS Tambor (Lt.Cdr. S.H. Ambruster) ended her 4th war patrol at Fremantle.

US Navy Submarine USS Tautog: USS Tautog (Lt.Cdr. J. H. Willingham) returned to Fremantle, Australia.

US Navy Submarine USS Stingray: During here 5th war patrol USS Stingray (Lt.Cdr. Otis J. Earle) torpedoed and damaged the Japanese seaplane carrier Sanyo Maru (8360 GRT, offsite link) off Shortland Island in the Solomon Islands in position 06°32'S, 156°05'E.

US Navy Submarine USS Plunger: With her repairs completed USS Plunger (Lt.Cdr. D.C. White) left Brisbane for her 4th wear patrol. Once again she was ordered to patrol of the Solomon Islands.

US Navy Submarine USS Amberjack (i): USS Amberjack (Lt.Cdr. J.A. Bole, Jr.) departed from Brisbane for her 2nd war patrol.

Royal Navy Aircraft Carrier HMS Victorious: German U-boat U-517 was sunk in the North Atlantic south-west of Ireland, in position 46°16'N, 17°09'W, by depth charges from Albacore aircraft (Sqdn 817/I) of the British carrier HMS Victorious.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Porpoise: HMS Porpoise (Lt. L.W.A. Bennington, DSC, RN) was ordered to return to Malta via Kerkenah.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Safari: HMS P 211 (Cdr. B. Bryant, DSC, RN) fired a torpedo at a landing barge off Ras Ali. It however missed. The target was most likely F 541 which was present at Ras Ali and sailed later in the day. (All times are zone -1 ? or -2 ?) 0830 hours - Fired a torpedo at a large landing barge off Ras Ali. The torpedo appeared to run straight but no explosion followed. According to German sources the torpedo hit the mole.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Splendid: HMS P 228 (Lt. I.L.M. McGeogh, RN) torpedoed and damaged the Italian destroyer Velite about 18 nautical miles south-west of the island of Ischia, Italy in position 40°30'N, 13°33'E. (All times are zone -1) 1435 hours - Sighted 2 medium seized merchant vessels escorted by 1 destroyer. Started attack on the destroyer. If the destroyer was hit and sunk it was intended to surface and engage one of the merchant vessels with the 3" gun. During the attack on the destroyer the 2nd part of this plan had to be abandoned as there was another destroyer present. 1500 hours - Fired the last remaining torpedo from the stern tube at the destroyer from 700 yards. It hit but the destroyer did not sink. 2 Minutes later a 10-pattern depth charge attack followed but these were not at all close. This convoy was made up of the Italian merchants Monginevro (5324 GRT, built 1940) and Sestiere (7992 GRT, built 1942). They were escorted by the Italian destroyers Bombardiere, Legionario and the above mentioned Velite. Accoring to Italian sources Velite was hit aft, one was killed and seven were wounded. Bombardiere and Legionario hunted the submarine but did not obtain a contact. They only dropped depth charges for intimidation purposes. Bombardiere took Velite in tow and brought her to Naples.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Turbulent: HMS Turbulent (Cdr. J.W. Linton, DSO, DSC, RN) arrived at Malta.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Umbra: HMS P 35 (Lt. S.L.C. Maydon, RN) ended her 14th war patrol (13th in the Mediterranean) at Malta.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Unbroken: HMS P 42 (Lt. A.C.G. Mars, RN) attacked an enemy convoy to the north of Palermo, Sicily. Four torpedoes were fired but no hits were obtained. The target was the transport Liv (3068 GRT, built 1896, former Norwegian) in company with Favorita (3576 GRT, built 1916) escorted by the auxiliary Cattaro (1275 GRT, built 1933). The next day, Favorita was hit by a Wellington torpedo bomber and finished off by the submarine HMS P 228. (All times are zone -2) 0756 hours - Sighted two CANT Z 501 aircraft. 0758 hours -Sighed smoke bearing 120°, closed. 0837 hours - A convoy of three ships was now in sight to the north-west. Started attack. Enemy course was 335°, speed 10 knots. The original plan of attack was spoiled by a zig (the first) of the leading ship, which turned out to be a small Armed Merchant Cruiser. 0930 hours - In position 38°20'N, 13°20'E fired four torpedoes at the two cargo vessels of the convoy. Range was about 2000 yards. No results. These ships were 4000-5000 tons in displacement. 0936 hours - A counter attack was started. Fifteen depth charges were dropped, none was very close. 1103 hours - The last depth charge was dropped. P 42 meanwhile was withdrawing to the west.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS United: HMS P 44 (Lt. T.E. Barlow, RN) attacked the Italian submarine Santorre Santarosa with four torpedoes off Buerat. All torpedoes missed. Later the same day P 44 engaged shipping inside the harbour with the deck gun damaging the Italian sailing vessel Littoria (129 GRT, built 1920). (All times are zone -1) 0727 hours - In position 31°27'N, 15°45'E sighted up sun, the conning tower of a submarine baring 090°. Enemy course was 265°. Range was 6000 yards. Enemy speed appeared to be very high. Started attack. 0737 hours - Fired four torpedoes from 2000 yards. All missed and most likely the torpedoes ran aground on a sand bank. ------------------------------------------- 0940 hours - Grounded off the harbour entrance. Came up to 10 feet and retired to seaward. No fire came from the shore though despite the fact that P 44 was visible for 5 minutes. ------------------------------------------- 1340 hours - Sighted the enemy submarine leaving the harbour. She could not be intercepted as P 44 was too far to the west. Most likely the approach from the west of this morning of this submarine was due to a bad landfall. ------------------------------------------- 1745 hours - Surfaced and closed the harbour entrance. Three or four small ships were sighted in the harbour in the forenoon. Decided for gun action in the hope of sinking some of these and if possible the pier before the reply would come too hot. 1803 hours - Opened fire on a 150 ton schooner, the largest vessel visible from a range of 1000 yards. Scored ten to twelve hits out of sixteen rounds fired. Then shifted target to the pier and a small steamer alongside it. After firing twelve rounds for six hits some small arms fire opened up from the beach, followed by light and erratic field gun fire. At the same time the gun malfunctioned. 1807 hours - Broke off the action and retired to the seaward. The schooner was seen to be smoke and to be lower in the water. She may have settled on the bottom.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Unseen: HMS P 51 (Lt. M.L.C. Crawford, DSC, RN) ended her 3rd war patrol (2nd in the Mediterranean) at Gibraltar.

Royal Navy Destroyer HMS Fortune: HMS Fortune (Lt.Cdr. R.D.H.S. Pankhurst, RN) picks up 62 survivors from the American merchant Pierce Butler that was torpedoed and sunk the previous day by German U-boat U-177 east of Durban, South-Africa in position 29°40'S, 36°35'E.

Royal Navy Destroyer HMS Clare: HMS Clare picks up 56 survivors from the Panamanian merchant Buchanan that was torpedoed and sunk on 12 November 1942 in the North Atlantic in position 52°06'N, 25°54'W by German U-boat U-224.

US Navy Submarine USS S-34: USS S-34 (Lt. R.A. Keating) ended her 4th war patrol at Dutch Harbour.

US Navy Submarine USS R-4: USS R-4 (Lt.Cdr. P.W. Garnett, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS R-10: USS R-10 (Lt.Cdr. B.E. Lewellen, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS R-11: USS R-11 (Lt.Cdr. I.J. Galantin, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS R-13: USS R-13 (Lt.Cdr. A.R. Gallaher, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS R-14: USS R-14 (Lt.Cdr. G.W. Kehl, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

Polish Navy Submarine ORP Sokol: Off Dundee, ORP Sokol (Kpt.mar J. Kolziolkowski), was joined by the Dutch submarine HrMs O 14 (Lt.Cdr. H.A.W. Goossens, RNN) for onward passage to Holy Loch. They were escorted by the British ASW trawler HMS Preston North End (Lt. K.A. Vasey, MBE, RNR). On the 23th the British ASW trawler HMS Quadrille (T/Lt. N.T. Chetwood, RNVR) took over the escort.

US Navy Submarine USS S-16: USS S-16 arrived at the Philadelphia Navy Yard from New London, Connecticut for a period of repairs and refit.

1943

US Navy Battleship USS Iowa: USS Iowa (Capt. J.L. McCrea, USN) passed Gibaltar Straits westbound into the Atlantic. Around 0540 hours, HMS Sheffield, departed the formation. Around 0820 hours, USS Ellyson (Lt.Cdr. E.W. Longton, USN), USS Rodman (Cdr. J.F. Foley, USN) and USS Emmons (Lt.Cdr. E.B. Billingsley, USN) arrived to take over the escort of USS Iowa and USS Brooklyn (Capt. R.W. Cary, Jr., USN) and her escort; USS Trippe (Lt.Cdr. R.C. Williams, USN), USS Edison (Lt.Cdr. H.A. Pearce, USN), HMS Troubridge (Capt. C.L. Firth, MVO, RN), HMS Teazer (Lt.Cdr. A.A.F. Talbot, DSO and Bar, RN) and HMS Tyrian (Cdr. C.W. Greening, RN) departed the formation and set course for Gibraltar.

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS O 15: HrMs O 15 (Lt.Cdr. A.J. Schouwenaar, RNN) conducted A/S exercises with HMS Musketeer (Cdr. R.L. Fisher, OBE, RN). Upon completion of the exercises O 15 departed Scapa Flow for Lerwick. She was escorted by HNoMs Molde.

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS O 9: HrMs O 9 (Lt. J.B.M.J. Maas, RNN) shifted from Campbeltown to Rothesay.

US Navy Submarine USS Nautilus: USS Nautilus (Cdr. W.D. Irvin) lands a Marine reconnaissance company on Abemama, Gilbert Islands.

US Navy Submarine USS Trigger: USS Trigger (Lt.Cdr. R.E. Dornin) torpedoed and sank the Japanese merchant cargo ship Eizan Maru (1681 GRT) in the Yellow Sea in position 36°40'N, 125°31'E.

US Navy Submarine USS Angler: USS Angler arrived at Key West, Florida.

US Navy Submarine USS Angler: USS Angler conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS Flasher: USS Flasher departed Key West for the Panama Canal Zone.

US Navy Submarine USS Cabrilla: USS Cabrilla (Cdr. D.T. Hammond, USN) completed her refit period, which had included a docking, at Fremantle. A training period then followed from 22 to 27 November 1943.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Una: HMS Una (T/L. P.S. Thirsk, RNR) arrived at Heysham for a period of training and exercises with FAA aircraft in the Irish Sea.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Rorqual: HMS Rorqual (Lt.Cdr. L.W. Napier, DSO, RN) departed Beirut for Malta. Rorqual was now finally to return to the U.K. to refit. The log of HMS Rorqual for November 1943 does not give positions so no map can be displayed.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Spirit: HMS Spirit (Lt. A.W. Langridge, RN) was undocked.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Taku: HMS Taku (Lt. A.J.W. Pitt, RN) conducted attack exercises off Scapa Flow together with HMS Thrasher (Lt. H.R.B. Newton, RN).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Torbay: HMS Torbay (Lt. R.J. Clutterbuck, RN) sank the Greek caique Panagia / Chios 87 (29 GRT) with gunfire west of Psathoura Island, Greece in position 39°30'N, 24°10'E. (All times are zone -3) 1015 hours - Surfaced and fired 14 round of 4" at a 50 ton auxiliary schooner rigged as a caique. The crew abandoned ship soon after. The caique was boarded in the hope to retrieve charts and other documents but the boarding party was just aboard when the vessel sank like a stone so they had to get back to Torbay in a hurry.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Tally-Ho: HMS Tally-Ho (Lt.Cdr. L.W.A. Bennington, DSO, DSC, RN) left dock at Trincomalee.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Ultimatum: HMS Ultimatum (Lt. W.H. Kett, DSC, RNR) conducted exercises off Malta together with HMS Ultor (Lt. G.E. Hunt, DSC, RN).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Untiring: HMS Untiring (Lt. R. Boyd, DSC, RN) arrived at Bizerta.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Unswerving: HMS Unswerving (T/Lt. M.D. Tattersall, RNVR) was to conducted A/S exercises off Londonderry with HMS Primrose (T/Lt. R.F. Pembry, RNR) and HMS Verity (Lt. C.G. Cowley, RN). However the other ships collided with each other and the exercises were cancelled.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS P 511: HMS P 511 (Lt. R.H. Bull, DSC, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Campbeltown with HMS Shemara (Cdr.(Retd.) H. Buckle, RN) and HMS Bedlington (Skr. A.W. Peak, RNR).

Royal Navy Sloop HMS Crane: German U-boat U-538 was sunk in the North Atlantic south-west of Ireland, in position 45°40'N, 19°35'W, by depth charges from the British frigate HMS Foley (Lt.Cdr. D.E. Mansfield, RN) and the British sloop HMS Crane (Lt.Cdr. R.G. Jenkins, RN).

1944

US Navy Destroyer USS Barton (ii): USS Barton arrived back at Ulithi.

US Navy Destroyer USS Shannon: USS Shannon departed from Norfolk bound for the Pacific.

US Navy Battleship USS Iowa: All ships of the Task Group including USS Iowa (Capt. A.R. McCann, USN) were fuelled by a group of oilers. Iowa herself was fuelled by the USS Kankakee (Lt.Cdr. W.G. Frundt, USNR).

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS O 15: HrMs O 15 (Lt. R.W. van Lynden, RNN), HrMs Zeehond (Lt.Cdr. Baron D.T. Mackay, RNN) and their escort HMS Castlenau (T/Skr. G. Wood, RNR) shifted from Loch Alsh to Stornoway.

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS Zwaardvisch: HrMs Zwaardvisch (Lt.Cdr. H.A.W. Goossens, RNN) developed mechanical problems and was forced to return to Fremantle for repairs.

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS Dolfijn: HrMs Dolfijn (Lt.Cdr. J.B.M.J. Maas, RNN) conducted exercises with A/S aircraft off Dundee.

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS Zeehond: HrMs Zeehond (Lt.Cdr. Baron D.T. Mackay, RNN), HrMs O 15 (Lt. R.W. van Lynden, RNN) and their escort HMS Castlenau (T/Skr. G. Wood, RNR) shifted from Loch Alsh to Stornoway.

US Navy Submarine USS Whale: USS Whale (Lt.Cdr. J.B. Grady) left Midway for her 10th war patrol. She was ordered to patrol off the Ryukyu Islands.

US Navy Submarine USS Bashaw: While on patrol in the South China Sea with a submarine group, USS Bashaw (Lt.Cdr. R.E. Nichols) attacked a convoy at 1700 hrs. She hit the Japanese cargo ship Gyosan maru (5698 GRT), with a single at position 10°30'N, 115°08'E. The ship remained afloat but was derelict. She was further hit by USS Flounder at 1800 hrs and lost her stern. She was run ashore on the NE corner of NanShan island and was abandoned, later she was completely destroyed by a torpedo from USS Guavina on 23 November.

US Navy Submarine USS Flounder: USS Flounder (Cdr. J.E. Stevens) torpedoed and damaged the Japanese army cargo ship Gyosan Maru (5698 GRT) in the South China Sea in position 10°36'N, 115°08'E. The damaged Japanese ship is later finished off by USS Guavina.

US Navy Submarine USS Aspro: USS Aspro (Cdr. W.A. Stevenson, USN) departed from Pearl Harbor for her 6th war patrol. She was at first to proceed to Saipan before proceeding to her patrol area off Formosa. Aspro was escorted out by USS PC-571.

US Navy Submarine USS Sealion (ii): USS Sealion (ii) (Lt.Cdr. E.T. Reich) torpedoed and sank the Japanese battleship Kongo (27500tons, offsite link) and the Japanese destroyer Urakaze (2035tons, offsite link) about 60 nautical miles north-north-west of Formosa in position 26°07'N, 121°36'E.

US Navy Submarine USS Kraken: With her trials and initial training completed USS Kraken (Cmdr Thomas Henley Henry) arrived at Pearl Harbor.

US Navy Submarine USS Scabbardfish: USS Scabbardfish (Lt.Cdr. F.A. Gunn) torpedoed and sank the Japanese stores ship Hokkai Maru (407 GRT) about 200 nautical miles south of Tokyo, Japan in position 33°20'N, 142°00'E.

US Navy Submarine USS Piper: USS Piper (Cdr. B.F. McMahon, USN) arrived in the Panama Canal Zone from Key West, Florida.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Rover: HMS Rover (Lt. F.M. Piggott, RNR) conducted trials off Bombay.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Porpoise: HMS Porpoise (Lt.Cdr. H.A.L. Marsham, OBE, RN) conducted exercises off Trincomalee. Upon completion of the exercises A/Lt.Cdr. Turner took over command.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Seadog: HMS Seadog (Lt. E.A. Hobson, DSC, RN) is undocked.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Stoic: HMS Stoic (A/Lt.Cdr. P.B. Marriot, DSO, RN) was docked at Fremantle.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Scythian: HMS Scythian (T/Lt C.P. Thode, RNZNVR) departed Lerwick for Holy Loch. She was escorted by the British sloop HMS Hastings (A/Cdr. E.A. Stocker, DSC, RN).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Sea Scout: HMS Sea Scout (Lt. J.W. Kelly, RN) arrived at Aden.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Sidon: HMS Sidon (Lt. H.C. Gowan, RN) departed her builders yard at Liverpool for Holy Loch. She was escorted by HMS Bridgewater (Cdr. (retired) R.H. Mack, RN).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Trident: HMS Trident (A/Lt.Cdr. A.J.W. Pitt, DSO, RN) departed from Suez bound for Aden.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Thule: Shortly after 1400 hours, HMS Thule (A/Lt.Cdr. A.C.G. Mars, DSO, DSC, RN), makes a rendezvous with HMS Relentless (Lt.Cdr. G.B. Barstow, RN) in position 07°04'N, 91°00'E. A doctor as transferred to Thule. He concludes that there is no cholera on board but due to the large number of sick men aboard Thule it is decided to proceed to Trincomalee.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Unbending: HMS Unbending (Lt. J. Whitton, DSC, RN) conducted exercises off Blyth.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Unshaken: HMS Unshaken (Lt. J.S. Pearce, RNR) conducted A/S exercises off Fishguard together with aircraft.

US Navy Submarine USS R-2: USS R-2 (Lt.Cdr. L.G. Bernard, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS R-4: USS R-4 (Lt. D.C. Peto, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS R-10: USS R-10 (Lt. R.D. McWenthy, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS R-11: USS R-11 (Lt.Cdr. M. Abrahams, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS R-14: USS R-14 (Lt.Cdr. J.H. Cunningham, Jr., USNR) conducted exercises off Key West.

Soviet Navy Submarine USSR ShCh-309: At 1724 hours ShCh-309 fires two torpedoes against ' what is identified as ' a destroyer 8 nautical miles north-west of the Sworbe lighthouse. Both torpedoes missed their so far unidentified target.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS P 614: HMS P 614 (T/Lt. P.C.S. Pritchard, RNR) departed Kames Bay for Port HHX. She made the passage towing X-craft X 25. They were escorted by HMS Alecto (Cdr.(Retd.) E.S. Felton, RN).

1945

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Trenchant: HMS Trenchant (Lt. J.C. Ogle, DSC, RN) departed from Gibraltar bound for Portsmouth.

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