Events on this day
This page is our compilation of data from several different databases. All data shown here is dynamic, but is accurate according to the information we have right now. Although content is still being added daily, more than 75% of the launched and commissioned data is already in place, so this section is almost complete.
The Shipyard Report
Laid down (33)
1931: Destroyer Defender (H 07)
1933: Light cruiser Perth (D 29)
1938: Oiler Neosho (i) (AO 23)
1942: Minesweeper BYMS 2034 (J 834) - Tank landing ship LST 198 (LST 198) - Dock landing ship Ashland (LSD 1) - Tank landing ship LST 198 (LST 198) - Patrol craft PC-1254 (PC-1254) - Patrol craft PC-623 (PC-623) - Submarine chaser SC-1063 (SC-1063)
1944: Minesweeper Pyrrhus (J 448) - Submarine Dogfish (350) - Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-1076 (LCI(L)-1076) - Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-703 (LCI(L)-703) - Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-783 (LCI(L)-783) - Landing craft tank LCT 801 (LCT 801) - Medium landing ship LSM 51 (LSM 51) - Medium landing ship LSM 52 (LSM 52) - Medium landing ship LSM 53 (LSM 53) - Medium landing ship LSM 54 (LSM 54) - Motor torpedo boat PT 748
1917: Destroyer Vimiera (L 29)
1922: Armed Yacht Coila (FY 005)
1925: MS Whaler Vestfold V (FY 699)
1929: Submarine Parthian (N 75)
1931: Colonial sloop D'Entrecasteaux
1937: Tank landing ship Misoa (F 117)
1939: Colonial sloop La Grandiere
1943: Landing Craft Tank LCT 762 (LCT 762) - Tank landing ship LST 214 (LST 214) - Minesweeper Ardent (AM 340) - Fleet tug Arikara (AT 98) - Tank landing ship LST 214 (LST 214) - Patrol craft PC-1141 (PC-1141) - Motor torpedo boat PT 356 - Destroyer Escort Rich (i) (DE 695) - Submarine chaser SC-1360 (SC-1360)
1944: Frigate Prestonian (K 662) - Destroyer Comet (R 26) - Rescue Tug Enigma (W 175) - Motor Torpedo Boat MTB 407 (MTB 407) - Minesweeper Execute (AM 232) - Minesweeper Facility (AM 233) - Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-640 (LCI(L)-640) - Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-700 (LCI(L)-700) - Landing craft tank LCT 1108 (LCT 1108) - Landing craft tank LCT 1109 (LCT 1109) - Landing craft tank LCT 1175 (LCT 1175) - Medium landing ship LSM 154 (LSM 154) - Medium landing ship LSM 156 (LSM 156) - Medium landing ship LSM 157 (LSM 157) - Medium landing ship LSM 39 (LSM 39) - Medium landing ship LSM 40 (LSM 40) - Medium landing ship LSM 41 (LSM 41) - Medium landing ship LSM 42 (LSM 42) - Tank landing ship LST 579 (LST 579) - Motor torpedo boat PT 395
1939: Minesweeper Bramble (i) (J 11)
1942: Motor Launch ML 075 (ML 075) - Motor Launch ML 076 (ML 076) - Battleship Anson (79) - Minesweeper BYMS 2002 (J 802) - Motor Torpedo Boat MTB 88 (MTB 88) - Destroyer Meade (ii) (DD 602) - Patrol craft PC-588 (PC-588) - Submarine chaser SC-639 (SC-639) - Submarine chaser SC-672 (SC-672) - Oiler Tappahannock (AO 43)
1944: Minesweeper Seabear (ii) (J 333) - Light cruiser Swiftsure (08) - Destroyer Haynsworth (DD 700) - Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-635 (LCI(L)-635) - Medium landing ship LSM 140 (LSM 140) - Medium landing ship LSM 141 (LSM 141) - Medium landing ship LSM 210 (LSM 210) - Patrol craft PC-1148 (PC-1148) - Patrol craft PC-1149 (PC-1149) - Minesweeper YMS-461 (YMS-461)
Laid down means that the ship's construction was officially started by laying down the keel (often just a single steel beam but could also mean the first of many pre-fabricated sections).
Launched means that the ship was launched from its shipyard, it then began its fitting out period (installation of smaller systems, weapons etc.) - in many yards the ships were launched very complete and needed little work afterwards.
Commissioned is when the navy takes the ship officially over and gives command of it to its new captain.
War Losses on 22 June (4)
1941: MS Trawler Beech (T 44)
1943: Submarine chaser SC-751 (SC-751)
More information on Allied Warships losses.
General Events on 22 June
Light cruiser HMS Manchester: Early in the evening, HMS Manchester (Capt. H.A. Packer, RN), returned to Rosyth.
Submarine HNMS O 21: HrMs O 21 (Lt.Cdr. J.F. van Dulm, RNN) and HrMs O 22 (Lt.Cdr. J.W. Ort, RNN) and their escort HrMs Z 5 (Lt.Cdr. W. van Lier, RNN) arrive Dundee.
Submarine HNMS O 22: HrMs O 22 (Lt.Cdr. J.W. Ort, RNN) and HrMs O 21 (Lt.Cdr. J.F. van Dulm, RNN) and their escort HrMs Z 5 (Lt.Cdr. W. van Lier, RNN) arrive Dundee.
Submarine HNMS O 14: HrMs O 14 (Lt.Cdr. H. Tichelman, RNN) left dock.
Submarine HNMS O 9: HrMs O 9 (Lt. H.A.W. Goossens, RNN) participated in A/S exercises off Portland with HMS Valena (Capt. W.H. Poole, RNR) and HMS Olvina (Lt.Cdr. C.G. Cuthbertson, RNR).
Submarine HNMS O 10: HrMs O 10 (Lt. G. Quint, RNN(R)) participated in A/S exercises off Portland together with HMS Ambuscade (Lt.Cdr. A.O. Johnson, RN) and HMS Hambledon (Cdr. S.H. Carlill, RN).
Submarine HMS Snapper: HMS Snapper (Lt. W.D.A. King, DSO, RN) departed Rosyth for her 10th war patrol. She was ordered to patrol off south-west Norway. For the daily and attack positions of HMS Snapper during this patrol see the map below.
Submarine HMS Tribune: HMS Tribune (Lt. E.F. Balston, RN) makes a torpedo attack on the German armed merchant cruiser Schiff 33 / Pinguin off Standlandet, Norway. All torpedoes fired missed their target. (All times are zone -1) 0136 hours - Dived on sighting a ship, position 61°44'N, 04°29'E. The ship was later seen to be a merchant ship of about 7000 to 8000 tons. 0203 hours - Fired four torpedoes, no hits were obtained. 0208 hours - Surfaced to chase and attack with the deck gun but the contact was soon lost in a rain squall. The chase was abandoned after almost half an hour.
Submarine HMS H 32: HMS H 32 (Lt. J.L. Livesey, RN) conducted post repair trials off Sheerness.
Submarine HMS H 33: HMS H 33 (Lt. E.P. Tomkinson, RN) participated in / conducted exercises off Campbeltown.
Sloop HMS Sandwich: HMS Sandwich (Cdr M.J. Yeatman, RN) picks up 37 survivors from the Norwegian tanker Eli Knudsen that was torpedoed and sunk by German U-boat U-32 south of Ireland in position 50°36'N, 08°44'W.
Battleship HMS Warspite: Operation BQ Bombardment of Augusta, Sicily and raid to the south of the Strait of Messina. Composition of forces taking part. Force A: Battleship HMS Warspite (Capt. D.B. Fisher, OBE, RN, flying the flag of the C-in-C, Mediterranean Fleet, A/Admiral Sir A.B. Cunningham, KCB, DSO and 2 Bars, RN), light cruisers HMS Neptune (Capt. R.C. O'Conor, RN), HMAS Sydney (Capt. J.A. Collins, RAN), destroyers HMS Nubian (Cdr. R.W. Ravenhill, RN), HMS Mohawk (Cdr. J.W.M. Eaton, RN), HMS Dainty (Cdr. M.S. Thomas, RN), HMS Defender (Lt.Cdr. St.J.R.J. Tyrwhitt, RN) and HMS Decoy (Cdr. E.G. McGregor, DSO, RN). Force B: Light cruisers HMS Orion (Capt. G.R.B. Back, RN, flying the flag of Vice Admiral J.C. Tovey, CB, DSO, RN), HMS Liverpool (Capt. P.A. Read, RN), HMS Gloucester (Capt. F.R. Garside, CBE, RN) destroyers HMS Juno (Cdr. W.E. Wilson, RN) and HMS Janus (Cdr. J.A.W. Tothill, RN). Force C: Battleships HMS Royal Sovereign (Capt. H.B. Jacomb, RN, flying the flag of Rear-Admiral H.D. Pridham-Whippell, CB, CVO, RN), HMS Ramillies (Capt. H.T. Baillie-Grohman, OBE, DSO, RN), aircraft carrier HMS Eagle (Capt. A.R.M. Bridge, RN), destroyers HMS Hyperion (Cdr. H.St.L. Nicholson, RN), HMS Hasty, (Lt.Cdr. L.R.K. Tyrwhitt, RN), HMS Havock (Lt.Cdr. R.E. Courage, DSO, RN), HMS Hereward (Lt.Cdr. C.W. Greening, RN), HMS Hero (Cdr. H.W. Biggs, RN), HMS Hostile (Cdr. J.P. Wright, DSO, RN), HMS Ilex (Lt.Cdr. P.L. Saumarez, DSC, RN), HMS Imperial (Lt.Cdr. C.A.deW. Kitcat, RN). Force D: French heavy cruisers Duquesne (Capt. G.E. Besineau, flying the flag of Vice-Admiral R.E. Godfroy), Suffren (Capt. R.J.M. Dillard), light cruiser Duguay Trouin (Capt. J.M.C. Trolley de Prevaux)., destroyers HMAS Stuart (Capt. H.M.L. Waller, RAN) and HMAS Vampire (Lt.Cdr. J.A. Walsh, RAN). Sailing of the forces and the cancellation of the operation. At 1700/22 HMS Eagle from Force C sailed with all the destroyers assigned to that force. They were followed at 2000 hours by the two R-class battleships assigned to that force. At 2130/22 Force B sailed. At 2200/22 Force A sailed. At 2153 hours a signal was received from the Admiralty ordering the cancellation of the operation due to the French armistice. Following this signal the sailing of Force D was cancelled. Force A returned to the harbour immediately. Forces B and C were ordered to return to harbour on the morning of the next day. Orders were also issued to the Vice-Admiral Malta to not sail a convoy to Alexandria as had been intended under the cover of the operation.
Submarine HNMS O 14: HrMs O 14 (Lt.Cdr. G. Quint, RNN(R)) shifts from Dundee to Rosyth.
Submarine HMS Oberon: HMS Oberon (Lt.Cdr. E.F. Pizey, DSC, RN) conducted exercises in the Clyde area for the C.O.Q.C. (Commanding Officers Qualifying Course) with HrMs Z 5 (Lt. J.J. Steensma, RNN).
Submarine HMS Perseus (i): After repairs HMS Perseus (Lt.Cdr. P.J.H. Bartlett, RN) departed Alexandria to resume her 8th war patrol.
Submarine HMS Severn: HMS Severn (Lt.Cdr. A.N.G. Campbell, RN) fired torpedoes at, most likely, an Italian Argonauta class submarine, south of the Gulf of Naples in appoximate position 40°25'N, 14°24'E. The target was most likely the Italian submarine Ametista which was on passage from La Spezia to Augusta and was at that time off Naples. The attack was unobserved. (All times are zone -1) 1206 hours - Sighted a submarine leaving Naples Bay (through Bocca Piccola) southward towards Messina. Range was 5000 yards. 1229 hours - Fired two torpedoes from 900 yards. Missed. The enemy zigged shortly before firing so the setup had to be changed quickly from an attack from 500 yards to 900 yards.
Submarine HMS Taku: HMS Taku (Lt.Cdr. E.C.F. Nicolay, RN) ended her 12th war patrol at Alexandria.
Submarine HMS Thrasher: HMS Thrasher (Lt.Cdr. P.J. Cowell, DSC, RN) departed from Gibraltar for her 1st war patrol. She is to carry stores to Malta end then to proceed to Alexandria, patrolling along the Southern Italian coast and the West coast of Greece en-route. For HMS Thrasher daily (1200 hours) positions during this patrol see the map below. HMS Thrasher 1st war patrol daily positionsclick here for bigger map
Submarine HMS Union: HMS Union (Lt. R.M. Galloway, RN) torpedoed and sank the Italian merchant Pietro Querini (1004 GRT, built 1906) about 30 nautical miles South of Pantelleria Island in position 36°09'N, 11°58'E. The other ships in company with Pietro Querini were the salvage vessel Rostro (333 GRT, built 1917) and Fieramosca. (All times are zone -2) 1400 hours - Sighted smoke bearing 013°. Lt. Galloway closes. 1425 hours - Sighted a convoy of one trawler, one schooner and one merchant of about 2800 tons. Closed to attack. 1507 hours - Fired three torpedoes from 1200 yards. The second torpedo was a hit. 1525 hours - The first depth charge was dropped. 1543 hours - Returned to periscope depth and observed the trawler and schooner coming directly towards Union so went to 70 feet. Depth charges were dropped but these did no damage. While at periscope depth the merchant was observed to be sinking. 1625 hours - Returned to periscope depth but found nothing in sight.
Submarine HMS Unique: HMS Unique (Lt. A.F. Collett, RN) again tries to attack an enemy convoy East of Lampion Island. Yet again she is detected by the escort and depth charged so the attack had to be broken off. The convoy attacked was made up of the Italian merchants Tembien (5584 GRT, built 1914), Col di Lana (5891 GRT, built 1926), Giulia (5921 GRT, built 1926), Ernesto (7399 GRT, built 1914), the German merchants Amsterdam (8673 GRT, built 1921) and Wachtfels (8467 GRT, built 1928). They were escorted by the Italian destroyer Lanzerotto Malocello and the Italian torpedo-boats Procione, Orsa and Pegaso. The convoy was on passage from Tripoli to Naples. The submarine was first located by an aircraft and it was the torpedo-boat Pegaso which was detached to hunt the submarine and carried out the depth-charge attack. She claimed the submarine at least severely damaged but this was not the case. (All times are zone -2) 1055 hours - While in position 35°41'N, 12°15'E heard distant depth charges being dropped to the Southward. Looks like the reported convoy was approaching. 1120 hours - Sighted smoke and one aircraft bearing 140°. 1125 hours - Sighted one merchant vessel of 6000 tons followed by others that could not yet be identified. Range was about 14000 yards. Three destroyers were seen to be escorting as well as two aircraft. 1203 hours - The convoy was seen to alter course from 320° to 265°. Destroyers were seen to be closing Unique. 1207 hours - An aircraft was seen at 1000 feet 3000 yards away. The attack was broken off and Unique went deep. 1210 hours - Five explosions were heard, most likely the aircraft had dropped bombs or depth charges. 1237 hours - The first of a group of single depth charges was dropped fairly close. The attack was intensified at 1250, 1255 and 1314 hours when up to 17 depth charges were dropped at a time. 1335 hours - The 52th depth charge was dropped, this was the last one that was fairly close. 1351 hours - The last depth charges were dropped. A total of about 80 had been dropped.
Submarine HMS H 31: HMS H 31 (Lt. R.J. Hemingway, DSC, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Campbeltown.
Submarine HMS H 33: HMS H 33 (Lt. N. Marriott, DSC, RN) was taken in hand for refit by the Sheerness Dockyard.
Submarine USS R-2: USS R-2 (Lt. D.T. Hammond, USN) arrived at Key West, Florida. She was based there for the entire war serving with the Fleet Sonar School. [Not much is currently known to us about the exploits of USS R-2 before April 1942.]
Submarine HNMS K XI: From 22 to 27 June 1942, HrMs K XI (Lt.Cdr. A.H. Deketh, RNN), participated in A/S exercises in the Gulf of Kutch.
Submarine HNMS O 24: During 22 and 23 June, HrMs O 24 (Lt. W.J. de Vries, RNN), conducts A/S exercises off Methill with the British ASW trawler HMS Loch Monteith (T/Lt. K.W. Richardson, RNR).
Submarine HNMS O 10: HrMs O 10 (Lt. Baron D.T. Mackay, RNN) participated in A/S exercises with ML's off Ardishaig. Upon completion of these exercises O 10 proceeded to Campbeltown.
Submarine USS Grayback: USS Grayback (Lt.Cdr. W.A. Saunders) ended her 2nd war patrol at Fremantle, Australia.
Submarine HMS Ursula: HMS Ursula (Lt. R.B. Lakin, DSC, RN) departed Holy Loch for Lerwick. Passage is made together with HMS P 614 (Lt. D.J. Beckley, RN). The submarines were escorted by the armed yacht HMS White Bear (Cdr.(Retd.) C.C. Flemming, RN).
Submarine HMS Otway: HMS Otway (Lt.Cdr.(Retd.) J.R.G. Harvey, RN) conducted exercises in the Clyde area training a class of new submariners.
Submarine HMS Sturgeon: HMS Sturgeon (Lt.Cdr. M.R.G. Wingfield, RN) departed Holy Loch for Lerwick. She made the passage together with HMS P 54 (Lt. C.E. Oxborrow, DSC, RN). They were escorted by HMS Cutty Sark (Cdr.(Retd.) R.H. Mack, RN).
Submarine HMS Truant: HMS Truant (Lt.Cdr. H.A.V. Haggard, DSO, DSC, RN) carries out exercises off Colombo with HMS Laforey (Capt. R.M.J. Hutton, DSO, RN) and HMS Lightning (Cdr. H.G. Walters, DSC, RN).
Submarine HMS Turbulent: HMS Turbulent (Cdr. J.W. Linton, DSC, RN) makes a torpedo attack the German merchant Sturla (1397 GRT, built 1933, former French St. Guillaume, former Danish Estrid) about 70 nautical miles South-West of Benghazi, Libya in position 31°11'N, 19°10'E. No hits were obtained. The escort was the Italian torpedo boat Generale Marcello Prestinari. (All times are zone -3) 0524 hours - In position 31°10'N, 19°20'E sighted one merchant escorted by one torpedo boat steering West. It was too near dawn to attack on the surface so course was altered to keep ahead. The torpedo boat appeared to be stationed astern or on the Port quarter. 0548 hours - Dived to attack. The merchant was not laden and was of about 2000 tons. The torpedo boat was thought to be of the La Masa-class. 0626 hours - In position 31°11'N, 19°10'E fired two torpedoes from 1300 yards. Both missed. After a considerable interval the torpedo boat, which had been astern of the target on firing, dropped five single depth charges followed by a pattern of two. It then rejoined the merchant ship and in doing so passed right overhead but did not drop anything further.
Submarine HMS Unbending: HMS P 37 (Lt. H. Winter, RN) was briefly docked at Dundee. She was undocked later the same day.
Submarine HMS P 48: HMS P 48 (Lt. M.E. Faber, RN) conducted full speed and deep diving trials in the Clyde area.
Submarine HMS Unshaken: HMS P 54 (Lt. C.E. Oxborrow, DSC, RN) departed Holy Loch for Lerwick. She made the passage together with HMS Sturgeon (Lt.Cdr. M.R.G. Wingfield, RN). They were escorted by HMS Cutty Sark (Cdr.(Retd.) R.H. Mack, RN).
Submarine HMS H 33: HMS H 33 (Lt. D. Lambert, DSC, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Campbeltown.
Submarine HMS H 44: HMS H 44 (Lt. J.P. Fyfe, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Lough Foyle.
Submarine HMS P 511: HMS P 511 (Lt. D.E.O. Watson, DSC, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Campbeltown.
Submarine USS S-37: With her overhaul completed USS S-37 (Lt. J.R. Reynolds) departed from Brisbane for her 5th war patrol. She was ordered to patrol off the Bismarck Archipelago.
Submarine USS R-2: USS R-2 (Lt. D.T. Hammond, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.
Submarine USS R-4: USS R-4 (Lt. P.W. Garnett, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.
Submarine USS R-10: USS R-10 (Lt.Cdr. B.E. Lewellen, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.
Submarine USS R-11: USS R-11 (Lt.Cdr. E.C. Folger, Jr., USN) conducted exercises off Key West.
Submarine USS R-13: USS R-13 (Lt. A.R. Gallaher, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.
Submarine USS R-14: USS R-14 (Lt.Cdr. G.W. Kehl, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.
Submarine USS R-20: USS R-20 (Lt.Cdr. C.B. Stevens, Jr., USN) conducted exercises off Key West.
Submarine USSR ShCh-317: ShCh-317 torpedoed and sank the Swedish merchant Ada Gorthon (2399 GRT) west of Gotland in position 57°09'N, 18°00'E.
Submarine USSR ShCh-408: ShCh-408 was damaged at Leningrad by German aircraft.
Submarine HMS P 614: HMS P 614 (Lt. D.J. Beckley, RN) departed Holy Loch for Lerwick. She made the passage together with HMS Ursula (Lt. R.B. Lakin, DSC, RN). The submarines were escorted by the armed yacht HMS White Bear (Cdr.(Retd.) C.C. Flemming, RN).
Submarine HMS P 615: HMS P 615 (Lt. P.E. Newstead, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Reykyavik, Iceland.
Light cruiser HNMS Tromp: HrMs Tromp (Capt. J.B. de Meester, RNN) conducted gunnery exercises off Fremantle.
Submarine USS Grayling: USS Grayling (Lt.Cdr. J.E. Lee) torpedoed and damaged the Japanese tanker Eiyo Maru (8673 GRT, offsite link) east of Malaya in position 04°03'N, 103°57'E.
Submarine USS Scamp: USS Scamp (Lt.Cdr. W.G. Ebert) departed from Brisbane for her 3rd war patrol. She was ordered to patrol off the Bismarck Archipelago
Submarine USS Billfish: USS Billfish (Cdr. F.C. Lucas, Jr., USN) was put back in the water.
Submarine USS Bowfin: USS Bowfin (Cdr. J.H. Willingham, USN) was put on the slipway at New London.
Submarine HMS Ursula: HMS Ursula (T/Lt. M.D. Tattersall, RNVR) participated in A/S exercises off Campbeltown.
Submarine HMS Oberon: HMS Oberon (Lt.Cdr. J.W. McCoy, DSC, RN) conducted exercises in the Clyde area with a training class of new submariners.
Submarine HMS Osiris: HMS Osiris (Lt. A.G. Chandler, RNR) conducted exercises off Beirut.
Submarine HMS Otus: HMS Otus (Lt.Cdr. W.N. Eade, RNR) conducted exercises in the Clyde area with HMS Pheasant (Cdr. L.F. Durnford-Slater, RN).
Submarine HMS Proteus: HMS Proteus (Lt. A.R. Profit, DSC, RN) conducted torpedo firing trials/exercises in Loch Long.
Submarine HMS Sceptre: HMS Sceptre (Lt. I.S. McIntosh, MBE, DSC, RN) is docked at the Devonport Dockyard.
Submarine HMS Seraph: HMS Seraph (Lt. N.L.A. Jewell, OBE, RN) departed Algiers for Oran.
Submarine HMS Surf: HMS Surf (Lt. D. Lambert, DSC, RN) was undocked and returned to Holy Loch.
Submarine HMS Truant: During the morning, HMS Truant (Lt.Cdr. J.G. Hopkins, RN), carries out A/S exercises with HMS Grenville (Lt.Cdr. R.P. Hill, DSO, RN) and HMIS Narbada (Lt.Cdr. A.W. Beeton, RIN). During the afternoon A/S exercises were carried out with HMS Milne (Capt. I.M.R. Campbell, DSO, RN) and HMS Musketeer (Cdr. E.N.V. Currey, DSC, RN).
Submarine HMS Thrasher: HMS Thrasher (Lt.Cdr. A.R. Hezlet, DSC, RN) shifted from Greenock to Loch Striven where a Welman midget submarine was embarked.
Submarine HMS Upright: HMS Upright (Lt. P.R.H. Harrison, DSO, DSC, RN) conducted exercises of Blyth training a class of new submariners.
Submarine HMS Uproar: At 0407 hours, the beach was closed and the periscope reconnaissance carried out.
Submarine HMS Unshaken: HMS Unshaken (Lt. J. Whitton, RN) torpedoed and sank the Italian schooner Giovanni G. (35 GRT) off Augusta, Sicily, Italy. Four of her crew were missing. Later the same day Unshaken carried out a torpedo attack with four torpedoes against the Italian merchant Alfieri (4573 GRT, 1943). She was escorted by the torpedo boat Ardito and the corvettes Persefone and Driade. They were proceeding from Taranto to Syracuse. Marconi (1191 GRT, built 1919). No hits were obtained. The two corvettes depth charged the submarine and claimed it damaged. Unshaken sustained some minor damage during the counter attack by the escorts. (All times are zone -2) 1202 hours - While in position 6.5 nautical miles bearing 302° Cape Murro di Porco a two-masted schooner was sighted about 4 nautical miles away. Closed to attack. 1236 hours - Fired two torpedoes from 2400 yards. One and a half minute later the schooner was seen to disintegrate in a red flash and a large column of black smoke which give the impression that her cargo was of inflammable nature. --------------------------------------------------------- 1631 hours - In position 37°03'N, 15°22'E a merchant ship of about 5000 tons escorted by three torpedo boats was sighted, an attack on the merchant was commenced. 1656 hours - Fired four torpedoes from 3200 yards but none of these hit the target that was zig-zagging wildly. A short counter attack followed that caused some minor damage to Unshaken.
Submarine HMS H 32: HMS H 32 (Lt. J.A.R. Troup, DSC, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Lough Foyle with HMS Lotus (Lt. H.J. Hall, DSC, RD, RNR), HMS Trent (T/A/Lt.Cdr. J.G. Rankin, DSC, RNR) and HMS Fusilier (T/Lt. F.M. Phillips, RNVR).
Submarine HMS H 50: HMS H 50 (Lt. J.M. Michell, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Campbeltown with (at least) HMS Boarhound (Skr. A. Keable, RNR).
Submarine USS S-30: USS S-30 (Lt.Cdr. W.A. Stevenson) ended her 4th offensive war patrol at Dutch Harbour.
Submarine USS R-2: USS R-2 (Lt. A.K. Tyree, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.
Submarine USS R-6: USS R-6 departed Bermuda for New London, Connecticut.
Submarine USS R-11: USS R-11 (Lt.Cdr. W.B. Parham, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.
Submarine USS R-13: USS R-13 (Lt. D.L. Mehlop, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.
Submarine USS R-14: USS R-14 (Lt. R. Holden, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.
Submarine USSR S-101: S-101 fires 4 torpedoes against ' what is identified as ' a merchant of 7000 GRT of the Kongsfjord. All torpedoes fired missed their target.
Tank landing ship USS LST 387: At 21.31 hours on 22 June 1943, U-593 fired a spread of four torpedoes at the convoy Elastic about eight nautical miles north-east of Cape Corbelin in position 36°59'N, 04°01'E and hit the USS LST-333 and USS LST-387 with one torpedo each. The first was beached and declared a total loss, while the latter was towed to Dellys and later repaired. The torpedoing of these two ships hampers the training for the forthcoming invasion of Sicily (Operation Husky). USS LST-387 was towed to Dellys by the landing craft USS LCT-294 and USS LCT-431. The vessel was subsequently repaired and returned to service.
Submarine HNMS O 10: HrMs O 10 (Lt.Cdr. A. van Altena, RNN(R)) conducted exercises off Campbeltown with HMS Upshot (Lt. H.W. Wilkinson, RN).
Submarine USS Swordfish: USS Swordfish (Lt.Cdr. K.E. Montross, USN) made an unsuccessful torpedo attack on two trawlers off Iwo Jima. No hits were obtained. (All times are zone -9) 1844 hours - Surfaced. In position 26°08'N, 141°28'E sighted two trawlers, range 10000 yards. Commenced an end around run with the targets to port. These trawlers were apparently heading for Iwo Shima, course 200°(T). 2042 hours - While getting ahead of the targets, got radar contact on two other ships on the starboard beam, range 5500 yards. Position was 26°00'N, 141°45'E. Tracked them on course 030° but the pips appeared small so continued tracking the original targets. 2126 hours - The ships were now visible, radar range was 7200 yards. 2225 hours - Ahead of the target. All stopped with the stern pointed at the target and on the targets track. Let the target come up astern and gradually working off track and keeping stern to the target until ... 2310 hours - In position 25°18'N, 141°17'E fired two stern torpedoes for a torpedo run of 1800 yards. One torpedo explosion was heard but neither ship appeared to be hit. It is thought the torpedo might have exploded in the targets wake. 2318 hours - Heard an end of run explosion. It was thought not advisable to fire more torpedoes at these small ships.
Submarine USS Narwhal: USS Narwhal (Cdr. J.C. Titus) damaged the Japanese tanker Itsukushima Maru (10007 GRT, offsite link) in the Sulu Sea in position 09°00'N, 120°55'E.
Submarine USS Gato: USS Gato (Lt.Cdr. R.M. Farrell) ended her 9th war patrol at Majuro Atoll.
Submarine USS Flier: USS Flier (Lt.Cdr. J.D. Crowley) torpedoed and damaged the Japanese army cargo ship Belgium Maru (5838 GRT) west of Mindoro, Philippines in position 13°11'N, 120°27'E.
Submarine USS Robalo: USS Robalo (Lt.Cdr. M.M. Kimmel) departed from Fremantle for her 3rd war patrol. She was ordered to patrol in the South China Sea.
Submarine USS Rock: USS Rock (Cdr. J.J. Flachsenhar) departed from Majuro for her 3rd war patrol. She was ordered to patrol in the Luzon Strait.
Submarine USS Sawfish: USS Sawfish (Cdr. A.B. Banister) departed from Majuro for her 7th war patrol. She was ordered to patrol in Luzon Strait.
Submarine USS Sunfish: With her overhaul completed USS Sunfish (Lt.Cdr. E.E. Shelby) departed from Pearl Harbor for her 7th war patrol. She was ordered to patrol of the Kuril Islands.
Submarine USS Tilefish: USS Tilefish (Lt.Cdr. R.M. Keithly) departed from Majuro for her 2nd war patrol. She was ordered to patrol in the Luzon Strait.
Submarine USS Batfish: USS Batfish (Cdr. J.K. Fyfe, USN) torpedoed and sank the brand new Japanese merchant cargo ship Nagaragawa Maru (887 GRT, built 1944) off Honshu, Japan in position 34°35'N, 137°51'E. (All times are zone -9) 1120 hours - In position 34°35'N, 137°54'E sighted ship bearing 302°(T), range 12000 yards. Commenced approach. 1212 hours - In position 34°35'N, 137°56'E fired three torpedoes from 1900 yards. All torpedoes missed. The target apparently never saw the torpedo wakes and continued on as if nothing had happened. 1216 hours - Came around and started a new attack. 1238 hours - While getting ready to fire, the target zigged away 40 degrees. While having a look around through the periscope sighted an exact sister ship of the target. This new target was 5000 yards on our starboard quarter. Started attack on this new target. Position was now 34°36'N, 137°58'E. 1255 hours - In position 34°35'N, 137°51'E fired four torpedoes from the stern tubes from 1700 yards. Two hits were obtained. The target sank stern first with a large starboard list. 1310 hours - Heard several mild explosions. Went deep and rigged for depth charges. There should have been 400 feet of water but Batfish grounded at 240 feet causing some minor damage. Went to 200 feet. 1329 hours - Depth charging started. About 17 were dropped, some fairly close. 1857 hours - Another depth charge attack. About 34 were dropped. 2025 hours - Periscipe depth. Nothing in sight. 2045 hours - Surfaced.
Submarine USS Barbero: USS Barbero (Cdr. I.S. Hartman, USN) departed Key West, Florida for Colon, Panama Canal Zone. She was escorted out by USS SC-660.
Submarine USS Picuda: USS Picuda (Lt.Cdr. A. Raborn) returned to Midway ending her second war patrol. She left Midway for Pearl Harbor the next day, arriving there on the 27th.
Submarine USS Spadefish: USS Spadefish (Cdr. G.W. Underwood) arrived at Pearl Harbor.
Minesweeper HMS Ilfracombe: HMS Ilfracombe (T/A/Lt.Cdr. R.K. Hart, RANVR) was damaged by an aerially delivered mine off Normandy beaches. (source: Report by the Allied Naval Commander in Chief, Expeditionary Force, on Neptune, Volume II, Part II, Defence of the British Assault Area, Section V, Casualties Subsequent to the Assault, p. 23)
Submarine HMS Severn: HMS Severn (Lt. R.H. Bull, DSC, RN) conducted trials and exercises off Port Said.
Submarine HMS Porpoise: HMS Porpoise (Lt.Cdr. H.A.L. Marsham, OBE, RN) laid a dummy minefield off Trincomalee.
Submarine HMS Sirdar: HMS Sirdar (Lt. J.A. Spender, RN) was undocked.
Submarine HMS Surf: HMS Surf (Lt. D. Lambert, DSC, RN) arrived at Colombo.
Submarine HMS Truant: After another period with more exercises HMS Truant (Lt. E.C. Croswell, DSC, RN) departed from Holy Loch for the Far East. She is to join the Eastern Fleet. She made the passage to Gibraltar in convoy KMS 55. For the daily positions of HMS Truant during this passage see the map below. HMS Truant abandoned passage U.K. - Far East click here for bigger map
Submarine HMS Trusty: HMS Trusty (Lt. L.E. Herrick, DSO, RN) returns to Dundee. She is escorted by HMS Castlenau (Skr. W.G. Mickleburgh, RNR).
Submarine HMS Truculent: HMS Truculent (Lt.Cdr. R.L. Alexander, DSO, RN) carries out special operation 'Retaliate I'. A party is landed to capture a Malay Sumatran and two Chinese Sumatrans. (All times are zone -6.5) 2030 hours - Surfaced in position 03°25'N, 99°19'E. 2225 hours - The landing party left in their boat. 0225 hours (23th) - The party was back. They had captured one Malay. The nearest Chinese were 5 kilometres up the river. It was not considered wise by the leader of the landing party to go that far inland. 0300 hours (23th) - Proceeded to seaward.
Submarine HMS Trenchant: HMS Trenchant (Lt.Cdr. A.R. Hezlet, DSC, RN) departed from Aden for Trincomalee. Later she was ordered to proceed to Colombo instead.
Submarine HMS Upright: HMS Upright (Lt. J.A.L. Wilkinson, RN) returned to Rothesay on completion of the night exercises.
Submarine HMS Unbending: HMS Unbending (Lt. J. Whitton, DSC, RN) conducted exercises off Blyth with a training class of new submariners.
Submarine HMS Unrivalled: HMS Unrivalled (Lt. D.S. Brown, RNVR) conducted exercises off Tobermory with HMS Pevensey Castle (A/Lt.Cdr. C.W. Leadbetter, RNR) and HMS Mermaid (Lt.Cdr. J.P. Mosse, RN).
Submarine HMS Universal: HMS Universal (Lt. C. Gordon, RN) torpedoed and sank the German merchants President Dal Piaz (4929 GRT, built 1929) and Canosa (3823 GRT, former French Sampiero Corsa, built 1936) off Cassis, southern France. (All times are zone -1) 1445 hours - Sighted a 6000 tons passenger liner in Cassis Bay. 10 minutes later another passenger liner of about 12000 tons was sighted close to the other one. This last vessel was very well camouflaged. 1550 hours - Universal closed in to attack. 1559 hours - Fired four torpedoes from 3500 yards, two against each ship. All torpedoes were seen to hit their targets. The larger liner was seen to roll over and sank on her side on the bottom with a fire breaking out amidships. The smaller one sank stern first until it hit the bottom, her back appeared to be broken. Also when the torpedoes hit this ship an enormous column of steam bellowed out from the funnel indicating that she had steam up.
Submarine HMS H 28: HMS H 28 (Lt. A.S. Melville-Ross, DSC, RN) conducted special trials in the Clyde area with HMS Kingfisher (T/Lt. F.D. Betts, RNR).
Submarine HMS H 32: HMS H 32 (Lt. M.D. Hutley, RNR) conducted A/S exercises off Campbeltown with HMS L' Atlantique (Skr. H. Crighton, RNR) and HMS Valena (T/A/Lt.Cdr. A. McKinlay, RNR).
Submarine HMS H 34: HMS H 34 (Lt. R.L. Jay, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Lough Foyle.
Submarine HMS H 43: HMS H 43 (Lt. F.R. Lawrence, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Campbeltown.
Submarine HMS H 44: HMS H 44 (Lt. P.N. Joyce, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Lough Foyle.
Submarine HMS H 50: HMS H 50 (Lt. W.T.J. Fox, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Campbeltown with HMS Tuscarora (Lt.Cdr.(Retd.) H.T. Pitt, RN).
Submarine HMS H 50: During the night of 22/23 June 1944 HMS H 43 (Lt. F.R. Lawrence, RN), HMS H 50 (Lt. W.T.J. Fox, RN), HMS L' Atlantique (Skr. H. Crighton, RNR) and HMS Valena (T/A/Lt.Cdr. A. McKinlay, RNR) conducted exercises off Campbeltown.
Submarine USS R-10: USS R-10 (Lt.Cdr. G.F. Sharp, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.
Submarine USS R-11: USS R-11 (Lt.Cdr. W.B. Parham, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.
Submarine USS R-14: USS R-14 (Lt.Cdr. R. Holden, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.
Submarine USS R-20: USS R-20 (Lt.Cdr. J.B. Dudley, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.
Battleship USS Maryland: While anchored off Garapan, Saipan, in position 15°13'N, 145°39'E USS Maryland is damaged in the bow by an aerial torpedo from a Japanese aircraft. Damage was repaired at Pearl Harbor and she was ready for service again on August 19th.
Submarine HNMS O 19: HrMs O 19 (Lt.Cdr. J.F. Drijfhout van Hooff, RNN) conducted exercises off Fremantle.
Submarine HNMS Dolfijn: HrMs Dolfijn (Lt.Cdr. J.B.M.J. Maas, RNN) conducted exercises off Dundee.
Submarine USS Seal: USS Seal returned to the Panama Canal Zone with defects. After repairs she departed again for New London, Connecticut.
Submarine USS Raton: USS Raton (Lt.Cdr. G.F. Gugliotta) departed from Guam for her 8th war patrol. She was ordered to patrol off Hong Kong.
Submarine USS Crevalle: USS Crevalle (Cdr. E.H. Steinmetz, USN) torpedoed and damaged the Japanese frigate Kasado off the west coast of Hokkaido, Japan in position 43°23'N, 139°47'E. The bow of Kasado was blown off, she never became operational again. (All times are zone I, -9) 21 June 1945 2306 hours - In position 43°19'N, 139°39'E obtained SJ radar contact bearing 340°(T), range 12300 yards. Commenced tracking. The contact was pinging and had radar. It is thought to be yesterdays 'friend'. 22 June 1945 0006 hours - Manned battle stations. We were already ahead of the target and our battery charge was almost completed. 0008 hours - Range to the target was now 9000 yards. The target was zigging between 060°(T) and 120°(T) at a speed of 11.5 knots. 0009 hours - Submerged. 0037 hours - Can see the target plainly through the periscope. 0041 hours - Setup looked very good, target now at 1800 yards. 0047 hours - In position 43°23'N, 139°47'E fired two stern torpedoes for a torpedo run of 650 yards. Went deep on firing. One torpedo hit was heard. 0050 hours - Started to come up. Pinging had stopped after the torpedo explosion. Screws were still heard on the bearing of the target but much slower. 0054 hours - Heard a loud explosion. No more screws were picked up on sound. 0101 hours - Periscope depth. Sighted the target. It was thought the target had overturned or was on his side. 0115 hours - Surfaced at a range of 3100 yards. 0132 hours - Departed the area.
Submarine USS Roncador: USS Roncador (Cdr. E.R. Crawford, USN) departed Port Everglades, Florida for Key West, Florida.
Submarine USS Archerfish: USS Archerfish (Cdr. J.F. Enright, USN) arrived at Pearl Harbor to begin a short training period.
Submarine USS Bumper: USS Bumper (Cdr. J.W. Williams, Jr., USN) was undocked.
Submarine USS Chivo: USS Chivo (Lt.Cdr. W.R. Crutcher, USNR) conducted exercises off Key West.
Submarine USS Picuda: USS Picuda arrived at the Portsmouth Navy Yard where she was to refit.
Submarine USS Parche: USS Parche (Lt.Cdr. W.W. McCrory) sank two small Japanese vessels with gunfire off Tsugaru Strait in position 42°10'N, 140°56'E.
Submarine USS Bang: USS Bang (Lt.Cdr. O.W. Bagby, Jr., USN) arrived at the Portsmouth Navy Yard where she was to refit.
Submarine USS Tirante: USS Tirante (Cdr. G.L. Street, III) sank a Japanese sailing vessel with gunfire in the Yellow Sea in position 37°54'N, 125°34'E.
Submarine HMS Supreme: HMS Supreme (Lt.Cdr. T.E. Barlow, RN) departed Subic Bay for her 6th war patrol (5th in the Far East and 2nd in the South-West Pacific area). She was ordered to patrol in the Gulf of Siam in a wolf pack with HMS Selene (Lt.Cdr. H.R.B. Newton, DSC, RN) and HMS Sea Scout (Lt. J.W. Kelly, RN) as well as the US submarine USS Charr (Cdr. F.D. Boyle, USN). For the daily and attack positions of HMS Supreme during this patrol see the map below. HMS Supreme 6th war patrol click here for bigger map
Submarine HMS Thrasher: HMS Thrasher (Lt.Cdr. M.F.R. Ainslie, DSO, DSC, RN) sank three sailing vessels with gunfire off the west coast of Siam. All times are zone -6.5 0650 hours - The sails of a junk were sighted south of Pulau Adang. It was a small vessel, only about 10 tons, and loaded with a cargo of rice. The crew was taken on board and the junk was sunk with gunfire. 0952 hours - A warning shot was fired against a junk of about 60 tons from 3000 yards. After the crew abandoned ship this junk was sunk with 14 rounds of gunfire. 1345 hours - Another junk was sighted. At 1440 hours the crew of six was seen to abandon ship. The junk, of about 30 tons, was then sunk with three rounds of gunfire. At 1459 hours HMS Thrasher made a crash dive as a Japanese 'Jake' aircraft dived down from the cloud cover. Thrasher bottomed at 40 feet. A small bomb exploded close by but did no damage.
Submarine HMS Taurus: HMS Taurus (A/Lt.Cdr. P.E. Newstead, DSC, RN) departed from Trincomalee for Fremantle.
Submarine HMS Thorough: HMS Thorough (Lt. A.G. Chandler, RNR) arrived at Onslow, Australia for fuel and provisions.
Submarine HMS Uproar: HMS Uproar (Lt. J.N. Devlin, DSC, RN) departed Rothesay for Portsmouth.
Submarine HMS Ultor: HMS Ultor (Lt. J.P. Harvey, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Campbeltown.
Submarine HMS Universal: HMS Universal (Lt. R.W. Garson, RN) conducted exercises off Larne with aircraft.
Submarine HMS Untamed: HMS Vitality (Lt. W.T.J. Fox, RN) shifted from Rothesay to Holy Loch where she was immediately docked.
Submarine HMS Vivid: HMS Vivid (Lt. J.C. Varley, DSC, RN) sank a junk with a demolition charge in the Strait of Malacca in position 04°13'N, 99°20'E. At 0930 hours (time zone -6.5) HMS Vivid sights a junk of about 30 tons in position 04°17'N, 99°15'E. At 1049 hours Vivid surfaces and start to close the junk. At 1115 hours, while Vivid was 5000 yards away, three rounds with the deck gun were fired across the junks bow. The junk now lowered her sails. At 1127 hours the junk was boarded. The cargo was found to consist of loaf tobacco in bales. Scuttling charges were placed fore and aft and the crew of three was taken aboard. At 1145 hours Vivid slipped from the junk. four minutes later the demolition charges were fired. The junk started to settle but did not sink. It was then found out that one of the crew of the junk was well into the third stage of syphilis so it was decided that all three had to go in their sampan (that was alongside the junk) and try to reach Sumatra. At 1221 hours Vivid was alongside the junk again. The three crewmembers were put in their sampan and a further demolition charge was placed aboard the junk. At 1226 hours Vivid slipped from the junk and three minutes later the demolition charge went off. The junk was finally seen to sink at 1330 hours.
Submarine USS R-13: USS R-13 (Lt. D.C. Bowman, USNR) conducted exercises off Key West.
Submarine USS R-20: USS R-20 (Lt. R.G. Black, USNR) conducted exercises off Key West.
Submarine USS Irex: Having comleted her torpedo trials, USS Irex (Cdr. J.D. Crowley, USN), arrived at New London, Connecticut from Newport, Rhode Island.
Submarine USS O-7: USS O-7 arrived at the Philadelphia Navy Yard from New London, Connecticut for decommissioning.
Submarine USS Piranha: USS Piranha (Cdr. D.G. Irvine) torpedoed and damaged the Japanese corvette Kaibokan No.196 (740 tons) off the east coast of Honshu, Japan in position 39°32'N, 142°11'E.
Submarine IT Marea: Marea departed New London, Connecticut for Port Everglades, Florida.