Allied Warships

Events on this day

23 January

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This page is our compilation of data from several different databases. All data shown here is dynamic, but is accurate according to the information we have right now. Although content is still being added daily, more than 75% of the launched and commissioned data is already in place, so this section is almost complete.

Quick links: War losses - General events

The Shipyard Report


Laid down (22)

1918: Royal Navy Submarine H 50 (N 50) - Royal Navy Destroyer Leamington (G 19) - US Navy Destroyer Twiggs (i) (DD 127) - Soviet Navy Destroyer Zguchij

1933: Royal Navy Sloop Grimsby (L 16 / U 16)

1939: Royal Navy Destroyer Depot Ship Hecla (i) (F 20)

1941: Royal Navy Steam Gunboat SGB 9 / Grey Goose (S 309)

1942: US Navy Minesweeper YMS-8 (YMS-8)

1943: Royal Navy Minesweeper BYMS 2279 (J 1079) - Royal Navy Tank landing ship LST 216 (LST 216) - US Navy Destroyer Escort Eisele (DE 34) - US Navy Tank landing ship LST 216 (LST 216) - US Navy Patrol craft PC-1203 (PC-1203) - US Navy Patrol craft PC-789 (PC-789) - US Navy Destroyer Escort Tisdale (DE 33) - US Navy Minesweeper YMS-279 (YMS-279) - US Navy Minesweeper YMS-370 (YMS-370)

1944: US Navy Landing craft tank LCT 642 (LCT 642) - US Navy Landing craft tank LCT 966 (LCT 966) - US Navy Landing craft tank LCT 967 (LCT 967)

1945: US Navy Medium landing ship LSM 437 (LSM 437) - US Navy Motor torpedo boat PT 654

Launched (21)

1909: Brazilian Navy Torpedo boat Mato Grosso (CT 10) - Royal Indian Navy Auxiliary patrol vessel Netravati (4.123)

1922: Royal Dutch Navy Minelayer Douwe Aukes (T 309)

1929: US Navy Heavy cruiser Salt Lake City (CA 25)

1935: US Navy Destroyer Dale (DD 353)

1936: Royal Navy Light cruiser Newcastle (76)

1941: Royal Canadian Navy Minesweeper Wasaga (J 162)

1943: Free French Navy Submarine Curie (P 67) - Royal Navy ASW Trawler Bombardier (T 304) - US Navy Tank landing ship LST 261 (LST 261) - US Navy Tank landing ship LST 487 (LST 487) - US Navy Patrol craft PC-1200 (PC-1200) - US Navy Patrol craft PC-785 (PC-785) - US Navy Motor torpedo boat PT 186 - US Navy Minesweeper YMS-176 (YMS-176) - US Navy Minesweeper YMS-219 (YMS-219)

1944: Royal Navy Landing Craft Tank LCT 1118 (LCT 1118) - US Navy Tank landing ship LST 653 (LST 653) - US Navy Patrol craft PC-1255 (PC-1255) - US Navy Minesweeper YMS-373 (YMS-373)

1945: US Navy Tank landing ship LST 979 (LST 979)

Commissioned (33)

1941: Royal Canadian Navy Corvette Agassiz (K 129) - Royal Canadian Navy Corvette Bittersweet (K 182)

1943: Royal Canadian Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-260 (LCI(L)-260) - Royal Navy Minesweeper Fantome (J 224) - Royal Navy Harbour Defence Motor Launch HDML 1228 (ML 1228) - Royal Navy Harbour Defence Motor Launch HDML 1274 (ML 1274) - Royal Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-128 (LCI(L)-128) - Royal Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-298 (LCI(L)-298) - Royal Navy Tank landing ship LST 324 (LST 324) - US Navy Oiler Enoree (AO 69) - US Navy Submarine Lapon (260) - US Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-188 (LCI(L)-188) - US Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-234 (LCI(L)-234) - US Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-83 (LCI(L)-83) - US Navy Landing Craft Infantry LCI(L)-84 (LCI(L)-84) - US Navy Tank landing ship LST 372 (LST 372) - US Navy Patrol craft PC-596 (PC-596) - US Navy Motor torpedo boat PT 200 - US Navy Motor torpedo boat PT 202 - US Navy Motor torpedo boat PT 203 - US Navy Motor torpedo boat PT 204 - US Navy Submarine chaser SC-1025 (SC-1025) - US Navy Destroyer Sigsbee (DD 502)

1944: Free French Navy Destroyer escort Algerien - Royal Navy Motor minesweeper MMS 279 (J 779) - US Navy Seaplane tender Orca (AVP 49) - US Navy Minesweeper Swerve (AM 121)

1945: US Navy Medium landing ship LSM 339 (LSM 339) - US Navy Medium landing ship LSM 369 (LSM 369) - US Navy Tank landing ship LST 873 (LST 873) - US Navy Tank landing ship LST 883 (LST 883) - US Navy Patrol craft PC-803 (PC-803) - US Navy Motor torpedo boat PT 573

Legend:

Laid down means that the ship's construction was officially started by laying down the keel (often just a single steel beam but could also mean the first of many pre-fabricated sections).

Launched means that the ship was launched from its shipyard, it then began its fitting out period (installation of smaller systems, weapons etc.) - in many yards the ships were launched very complete and needed little work afterwards.

Commissioned is when the navy takes the ship officially over and gives command of it to its new captain.

War Losses on 23 January (2)


1942: US Navy Oiler Neches (i) (AO 5)

1944: Royal Navy Destroyer Janus (F 53)

More information on Allied Warships losses.


General Events on 23 January


1940

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Otway: HMS Otway (Cdr. H.R. Conway, RN) conducted exercises off Gibraltar.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Oswald: HMS Oswald (Lt.Cdr. G.M. Sladen, RN) conducted exercises off Malta together with HMS Lowestoft (Cdr. A.M. Knapp, RN).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Proteus: HMS Proteus (Lt.Cdr. R.T. Gordon-Duff, RN) conducted exercises off Hong Kong.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Regent: HMS Regent (Lt.Cdr. H.C. Browne, RN) departed Singapore for exercises.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Regulus (i): HMS Regulus (Cdr. J.M. Money, RN) conducted exercises off Hong Kong. Upon returning to harbour she collided with a junk. The damage to the junk was slight, Regulus was not damaged.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Porpoise: HMS Porpoise (Cdr. P.Q. Roberts, RN) conducted exercises off Portmouth.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Seal: HMS Seal (Lt.Cdr. R.P. Lonsdale, RN) ended her 6th war patrol at Rosyth.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Sturgeon: HMS Sturgeon (Lt. G.D.A. Gregory, DSO, RN) was ordered to patrol off north-west Denmark.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Sunfish: HMS Sunfish (Lt.Cdr. J.E. Slaughter, RN) ended her 5th war patrol at Harwich.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Taku: HMS Taku (Lt.Cdr. W.S. Hall, RN) conducted exercises off Portsmouth.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 31: HMS H 31 (Lt. P.R. Ward, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Portland with HMS Shemara (Capt.(Retd.) H.N.M. Hardy, DSO, RN).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 32: HMS H 32 (Lt. R.F. Jenks, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Portland.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 44: HMS H 44 (Lt.Cdr. H.A.V. Haggard, RN) conducted exercises off Portsmouth with HMS Warrior II (Capt.(Retd.) A.E. Johnston, RN).

Royal Navy Sloop HMS Auckland: HMS Auckland (Cdr. J.G. Hewitt, RN) picks up six survivors from the Finnish merchant Onto that was mined and sunk off Smith´s Knoll Light Vessel.

1941

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS O 9: HrMs O 9 (Lt. H.A.W. Goossens, RNN) participated in A/S exercises off Campbeltown.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Unbeaten: HMS Unbeaten (Lt. E.A. Woodward, RN) was docked at Portsmouth for yet another change of her propellors. She was undocked later the same day. More A/S exercises followed.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Osiris: HMS Osiris (Lt.Cdr. J.R.G. Harvey, RN (retired)) departed Portsmouth for the Chatham Dockyard.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Tigris: HMS Tigris (Lt.Cdr. H.F. Bone, DSO, DSC, RN) conducted attack exercises in the Clyde area with the Dutch torpedo boat HrMs Z 8 (Lt.Cdr. P.A. de Boer, RNN).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Torbay: HMS Torbay (Lt.Cdr. A.C.C. Miers, RN) arrived at Rosyth.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 32: HMS H 32 (Lt. R.L. Alexander, RN) departed Rothesay for Holyhead. She was escorted by HMS Virginia (Cdr.(Retd.) S.H.S. Moxley, RN).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 33: HMS H 33 (Lt. R.M. Favell, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Campbeltown.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 43: HMS H 43 (Lt. I.L.M. McGeogh, RN) arrived at Londonderry.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 44: HMS H 44 (Lt. A.R. Hezlet, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Campbeltown.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 50: HMS H 50 (Lt. M. Willmott, RN) arrived at Rothesay.

Royal Navy Light cruiser HMS Bonaventure (i): HMS Bonaventure (Capt. H.G. Egerton, RN) departed Suda Bay. [See the event 'Operation MBD 2' for 22 January 1941 for more info.] For the daily positions of HMS Bonaventure during the period of 23/25 January 1941 see the map below.

Free French Navy Large destroyer FFL Léopard: The Polish destroyer Garland and the Free French destroyer Léopard composed the escort of a large troop ship heading to Canada.

Royal Navy Corvette HMS Arabis: The British merchant Lurigethan is bombed and damaged by a German FW200 aircraft. The crew abandoned ship and were picked up by the British corvette HMS Arabis (Lt.Cdr. J.P. Stewart, RNR), which stayed near the ship to wait for a tug. At 02.12 hours on 26 January 1941, the burning and abandoned Lurigethan was torpedoed and sunk by German U-boat U-105 west of Ireland in position 53°46'N, 16°00'W.

1942

Royal Navy Heavy cruiser HMS Exeter: Convoy BM 12. Convoy from Bombay to Singapore. Departure date: 23 January 1942. Arrival date: 4 February 1942. This convoy was made up of the following ships; British troop ships; Devonshire (11275 GRT, built 1939), Empress of Asia (16909 GRT, built 1913). French troop ship (under British control) Felix Roussel (17083 GRT, built 1930) and the Dutch transport Plancius (5955 GRT, built 1923). The convoy initially proceeded unescorted. On 26 January, the British sloop HMS Falmouth (Cdr. U.H.R. James, RN) joined the convoy in position 07°53'N, 76°23'E. On 27 January, the British light cruiser HMS Emerald (Capt. F.C. Flynn, RN) joined the convoy in position 04°30'N, 78°15'E. HMS Falmouth parted company with the convoy at dusk. On 28 January, the convoy made rendez-vous with convoy DM 2 which was made up of the following ships; British troopships Dunera (11162 GRT, built 1937), Empress of Australia (21833 GRT, built 1914) and Warwick Castle (20107 GRT, built 1930) and the British transports City of Canterbury (8331 GRT, built 1922), City of Pretoria (8049 GRT, built 1937), Malancha (8124 GRT, built 1937) and Troilus (7422 GRT, built 1921). This convoy was escorted by the British armed merchant cruiser HMS Ranchi (Capt.(Retd.) Sir J.M. Alleyne, DSO, DSC, RN) which then parted company. On 31 January, the British light cruiser HMS Danae (Capt. F.J. Butler, MBE, RN) and the Dutch light cruiser HrMs Java (Capt. P.B.M van Straelen, RNN) joined the convoy in position 05°05'S, 94°00'E after which HMS Emerald parted company with the convoy. On 1 February, the Indian sloop HMIS Sutlej (Capt. P.A. Mare, RIN) and the Australian sloop HMAS Yarra (Cdr. W.H. Harrington, RAN) joined the convoy. On 2 February, the British heavy cruiser HMS Exeter (Capt. O.L. Gordon, MVO, RN) joined around 0800 hours and a little over two hours later the British destroyer HMS Jupiter (Lt.Cdr. N.V.J.T. Thew, RN) and the Australian destroyer HMAS Vampire (Cdr. W.T.A. Moran, RAN) also joined the convoy. On the morning of 3 February the British destroyer HMS Encounter (Lt.Cdr. E.V.St J. Morgan, RN) joined. Later the same day HMAS Vampire split off from the convoy with the part of the convoy that was to proceed to Batavia. These were all the ships that had been in convoy DM 2 except the City of Canterbury which went to Singapore. Around 0200 hours on 4 February 1942, HrMs Java parted company with the convoy. Shortly before noon the convoy was attacked by Japanese aircraft and the Empress of Asia was straddled. Around 2130/4, HMS Exeter, HMS Jupiter and HMS Encounter parted company to intercept Japanese warships that were reported to the north of Banka Strait. HMAS Hobart (Capt. H.L. Howden, CBE, RAN) was ordered to join them there. They did not find any Japanese ships and proceeded to Batavia where they arrived on 6 February. The convoy arrived at Singapore shortly after noon on 5 February 1942 but not before a heavy enemy air attack was carried out. The Empress of Asia was set on fire, the Felix Roussel was also hit and the City of Canterbury had her steering gear damaged.

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS K XVIII: Late in the evening HrMs K XVIII (Lt.Cdr. C.A.J. van Well Groeneveld, RNN) attacked the Japanese landing force off Balikpapan. In all four torpedoes were fired and the Japanese transport Tsuruga Maru (7289 GRT, built 1916) was sunk during this attack in position 01°20'S, 117°01'E. The Japanese light cruiser Naka (offsite link) was missed during this attack. K XVIII then retired from the scene.

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS K XI: HrMs K XI (Lt.Cdr. A.H. Deketh, RNN) departed Singapore for Surabaya.

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS K XII: While en-route from Singapore to Surabaya HrMs K XII (Lt.Cdr. H.C.J. Coumou, RNN(R)) is ordered to take up a patrol position in the Southern entrance to the Makassar Strait making this her 4th war patrol.

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS O 9: HrMs O 9 (Lt.Cdr. H.A.W. Goossens, RNN) participated in A/S exercises off Campbeltown together with HMS Shemara (Cdr.(Retd.) H. Buckle, RN) and HMS Boarhound (Skr. S.G. Jinks, RNR).

US Navy Submarine USS Seadragon: USS Seadragon (Lt.Cdr. W.E. Ferrall, USN) torpedoed and damaged the Japanese merchant Fukuyo Maru (5463 GRT, built 1921) northeast of Camranh Bay. (All times are zone H, -8) 0037 hours - Sighted a ship bearing 227°(T). Closed to investigate. 0043 hours - Sighted two more ships astern of the first ship. Started tracking them. 0100 hours - Sighted what appeared to be a fourth ship well astern of the others. Their course was 355°(T), speed 9 knots. Ran to the north ahead of this column of ships. 0547 hours - Dived. 0659 hours - Sighted smoke bearing 170°(T). Started attack. 0806 hours - Fired one torpedo at the leading ship from 1200 yards. It hit on the port quarter. 0808 hours - Fired one torpedo at the second ship in the column from a range of 1500 yards. It missed. 0814 hours - Fired another torpedo at the second ship in the column which was now standing by the damaged ship. Torpedo run was 650 yards. It missed. Both the other ships were seen to leave the area. The leading ship was observed to be listing to port and down by the stern. In company with the second ship she made for the beach. 0855 hours - Battle surfaced. 0856 hours - Opened fire with the deck gun from 3000 yards. Expended 12 rounds of 3". No hits were obtained. 0859 hours - Sighted an aircraft. Dived to 200 feet.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Una: HMS Una (Lt. D.S.R. Martin, RN) ended her 3rd war patrol (1st in the Mediterranean) at Malta.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Otway: HMS Otway (Lt. H.B. Turner, RN) conducted A/S exercises in the Clyde area with ML's.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Otus: HMS Otus (Lt. R.M. Favell, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Alexandria together with HMS Kelvin (Cdr. J.H. Allison DSO, RN) and HMS Jaguar (Lt.Cdr. L.R.K. Tyrwhitt, DSO, DSC, RN).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Seawolf: HMS Seawolf (Lt. R.P. Raikes, RN) was ordered to leave her patrol area and proceed to Lerwick.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Tuna: HMS Tuna (Lt. M.B. St. John, RN) arrived at Holy Loch.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Upholder: HMS Upholder (Lt.Cdr. M.D. Wanklyn, VC, DSO, RN) ended her 24th war patrol (22th in the Mediterranean) at Malta.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 28: HMS H 28 (Lt. A.W. Langridge, RN) arrived at Portsmouth.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 32: HMS H 32 (Lt. J.S. Stevens, DSC, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Londonderry.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 33: HMS H 33 (Lt. J.H. Bromage, DSC, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Lough Foyle.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 43: HMS H 43 (Lt. R.B. Lakin, DSC, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Campbeltown.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 50: HMS H 50 (Lt. N.J. Coe, DSC, RNR) participated in A/S exercises off Tobermory.

Royal Navy Light cruiser HMS Ajax: Around 1100 hours HMS Ajax (Capt. S.L. Bateson, RN) arrived at Port Said.

US Navy Submarine USS S-37: USS S-37 (Lt. J.C. Dempsey) ended her 2nd war patrol at Surabaya.

Soviet Navy Submarine USSR ShCh-422: At 1302 hours, ShCh-422 fires three torpedoes against the German merchant Espana (7465 GRT) off the Nordkyn peninsula in position 71°11'N, 27°53'E. All torpedoes fired missed their target.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS L 23: HMS L 23 (Lt. R.J. Clutterbuck, RN) conducted exercises off Blyth with a training class off new submariners.

1943

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS O 15: HrMs O 15 (Lt. A.J. Schouwenaar, RNN) departed Lerwick for her 2nd war patrol. She was ordered to patrol off Kristiansund, Norway. For the daily positions of HrMs O 15 during this patrol see the map below.

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS O 10: HrMs O 10 (Lt.Cdr. Baron D.T. Mackay, RNN) shifted from Rothesay to Ardishaig.

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS Dolfijn: HrMs Dolfijn (Lt.Cdr. H.M.L.F.E. van Oostrom Soede, RNN) ended her 3rd war patrol (1st in the Mediterranean) at Algiers.

US Navy Submarine USS Grayback: USS Grayback (Lt.Cdr. E.C. Stephan) ended her 5th war patrol at Brisbane.

US Navy Submarine USS Guardfish: USS Guardfish (Lt.Cdr. T.B. Klakring) torpedoed and sank the Japanese destroyer Hakaze (offsite link) south of Steffen Strait, between New Ireland and New Hanover, Bismarck Archipelago in position 02°47'S, 156°38'E.

US Navy Submarine USS Kingfish: USS Kingfish (Lt.Cdr. V.L. Lawrence) ended her 2nd war patrol at Pearl Harbor.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Sturgeon: HMS Sturgeon (Lt. A.W. Langridge, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Mers el Kebir with HMS Tartar (Cdr. St J.R.J. Tyrwhitt, DSC, RN) and HMS Quality (Lt.Cdr. G.L. Farnfield, DSO, RN).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Saracen: At 0437 hours, in position 40°18'N, 14°13'E, HMS P 247 (Lt. M.G.R. Lumby, DSC, RN) heard Diesel H.E. and seventeen minutes later a U-boat was sighted bearing 180°, 2 miles, steering 020°, 10 knots. P 247 dived and at 0510 hours four torpedoes were fired at 8 seconds interval at 1000 yards (at the limit of periscope visibility). They missed. No Axis submarine operated in the vicinity so the “U-boat” may have been a fishing vessel.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Seadog: HMS P 216 (Lt. D.S.R. Martin, RN) departed Lerwick for her 3rd war patrol. She was ordered to patrol off Kristiansund, Norway to intercept German main units. For the daily positions of HMS Seadog during this patrol see the map below. HMS Seadog 3rd war patrol click here for bigger map

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Seraph: HMS P 219 (Lt. N.L.A. Jewell, RN) arrived at Holy Loch.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Simoom: HMS P 225 (Lt. C.H. Rankin, RN) departed Holy Loch for Scapa Flow. She made the passage together with HMS P 53 (Lt. G.E. Hunt, RN) that was to proceed to Lerwick. They were escorted by HMS Bergamot (Lt. R.T. Horan, RNR).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Uproar: HMS P 31 (Lt. L.E. Herrick, DSC, RN) shifted from Holy Loch to Campbeltown.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Unbending: HMS P 37 (Lt. E.T. Stanley, DSC, RN) torpedoed and damaged the Italian passenger / cargo ship Viminale (8657 GRT) and sank the Italian tug Luni (337 GRT) south-east of Capo dell' Armi, Italy in position 37°52'N, 15°45'E. Viminale had been damaged at Palermo by a British chariot launched from HMS Trooper during operation Principal. She was being towed from Messina to Taranto by the tugs Luni, Costante and Salvatore and was escorted by the torpedo boat Perseo. Luni blew up and had thirty killed. Viminale was hit by two torpedoes, she was beached near Porto Salvo, she had a number of casualties. Perseo hunted the submarine and was assisted the auxiliary submarine chaser Quarnaro and four VAS boats. (All times are zone -2) 0630 hours - Sighted two 'E-boats' coming from the eastward. They stopped near P 37. 0700 hours - Sighted a large ship coming from the Straits. 0715 hours - Identified the target as a large merchant ship in tow of two tugs escorted by a Spica-class torpedo-boat, several smaller vessels and a floatplane. Started attack. 0820 hours - Fired three torpedoes from 2000 yards at the merchant vessel. Torpedo explosions were heard 1m 35s and 1m 50s after firing. Following the attack, the torpedo-boat obtained contact and after 5 minutes dropped an accurate pattern of depth charges causing serious damage to P 37 which was then taken close to the shore where non-sub echos would confuse the enemy and after two more fairly close depth charge patterns it was possible to escape to the south-westward. Fifty-six depth charges in all were dropped. 1200 hours - Returned to periscope depth. Nothing in sight but the enemy could still be heard transmitting. 1830 hours - Surfaced and cleared the area to the south. It was found out that several cells of the battery were cracked. This section of the battery was disconnected and course was set towards Malta to effect repairs.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Unbroken: HMS P 42 (Lt. A.C.G. Mars, DSO, RN) ended her 11th war patrol (also 11th in the Mediterranean) at Malta.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Unrivalled: HMS P 45 (Lt. H.B. Turner, RN) attacked and damaged the Italian auxiliary minesweeper B 487 / Michelino (37 GRT, built 1927) with gunfire off Sousse, Tunisia. (All times are zone -1) 1531 hours - Sighted a small merchant vessel with an auxiliary sail set. Enemy course was 260° and she was bound for Sousse. 1550 hours - Surfaced in position 35°52'N, 10°43'E for gun action. The enemy was hit several times but the ships crew did not abandon ship. Shore batteries from Sousse opened up and the action was broken off, also P 45 was out of ammo for the deck gun. 1559 hours - Dived and withdrew to seaward. --------------------------------------------------------- 2239 hours – in position 35°45’N, 11°07’E, fired two torpedoes at northbound enemy minelayer. Missed.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Unruffled: HMS P 46 (Lt. J.S. Stevens, DSC, RN) sank the Italian sailing vessel Amabile Carolina (39 GRT) off Hammamet, Tunisia. (All times are zone -1) 0915 hours - Sighted masts of a schooner closing from the eastward. 0954 hours - Surfaced in position 36°12'N, 10°37'E and engaged the schooner with gunfire from the 3" gun from a range of 2000 yards. 29 rounds were fired and about 10 hits were obtained. The crew abandoned ship almost immediately and made off for the shore. After about 10 rounds shore batteries opened fire. 1022 hours - Dived when enemy gunfire now came closer. 1048 hours - The schooner only showed signs of minor damage. An attempt to board her after surfacing again at 1026 hours was not possible as shore batteries opened fire again forcing P 46 to dive. So fired one torpedo from 1000 yards. The torpedo hit and the schooner disintegrated into a large cloud of smoke and flames. She was probably carrying petrol.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Ultor: HMS P 53 (Lt. G.E. Hunt, RN) departed Holy Loch for Lerwick. She made the passage together with HMS P 225 (Lt. C.H. Rankin, RN) that was en-route to Scapa Flow. They were escorted by HMS Bergamot (Lt. R.T. Horan, RNR).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 33: HMS H 33 (Lt. M.H. Jupp, DSC, RN) departed Rothesay for Londonderry. She was escorted by HNoMs King Haakon VII.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 34: HMS H 34 (Lt. G.M. Noll, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Lough Foyle with HMCS Bittersweet (T/Lt. F.B. Brooks-Hill, RCNVR), HMS Burnham (Lt.Cdr. T. Taylor, DSC, RN) and HMS Viscount (Lt.Cdr. J.V. Waterhouse, DSO, RN).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 43: HMS H 43 (Lt. R. Boyd, DSC, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Campbeltown with aircraft.

US Navy Submarine USS R-4: USS R-4 (Lt.Cdr. P.W. Garnett, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS R-13: USS R-13 (Lt.Cdr. A.R. Gallaher, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS R-14: USS R-14 (Lt.Cdr. G.W. Kehl, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS R-20: USS R-20 (Lt. E.T. Shepard, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

Soviet Navy Submarine USSR M-172: M-172 fires two torpedoes against ' what is identified as ' a destroyer off the Syltefjord.

Soviet Navy Submarine USSR ShCh-215: At 2223 hours ShCh-215 fires 3 torpedoes against a German barge south of Cape Tarkhankut, Crimea in position 45°17'N, 32°39'E. None of the torpedoes fired found their target.

Soviet Navy Submarine USSR ShCh-402: At 0843 hours, while on patrol of the Varangerfjord, ShCh-402 attacked a German convoy and fires 4 torpedoes against ' what is identified as ' a merchant of 6000 GRT. All four torpedoes fired failed to hit their intended target.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS P 614: HMS P 614 (Lt. H.W. Wilkinson, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Takoradi together with HMS Orfasy (T/A/Skr.Lt. G.A. Whichello, DSC, RNR).

1944

US Navy Battleship USS Iowa: USS Iowa (Capt. J.L. McCrea, USN) departed Funafuti Atoll for operation FLINTLOCK, the invasion of the Marshall Islands. Iowa was part of the cover force for the attacks / landings and was part of Task Force 58 which was made up of the following ships; Task Group 58.1 Aircraft carriers USS Enterprise (Capt. M.B. Gardner, USN), USS Yorktown (Capt. J.J. Clark, USN), light carrier USS Belleau Wood (Capt. A.M. Pride, USN), battleships USS Massachusetts (Capt. T.D. Ruddock, Jr., USN), USS Indiana (Capt. J.M. Steele, USN), USS Washington (Capt. J.E. Maher, USN), light cruiser USS Oakland (Capt. W.K. Phillips, USN) and the destroyers USS Clarence K. Bronson (Lt.Cdr. J.C. McGoughran, USN), USS Cotten (Cdr. F.T. Sloat, USN), USS Dortch (Cdr. R.C. Young, USN), USS Gatling (Cdr. A.F. Richardson, USN), USS Healy (Cdr. J.C. Atkeson, USN), USS Cogswell (Cdr. H.T. Deutermann, USN), USS Caperton (Cdr. W.J. Miller, USN), USS Ingersoll (Cdr. A.C. Veasey, USN), USS Knapp (Cdr. F. Virden, USN). This task force attacked Maloelap on 29 January 1944 and Kwajalein from 30 January to 3 February 1944. Task Group 58.2 Aircraft carriers USS Essex (Capt. R.A. Ofstie, USN), USS Intrepid (Capt. T.L. Sprague, USN), light carrier USS Cabot (Capt. M.F. Schoeffel, USN), battleships USS South Dakota (Capt. A.E. Smith, USN), USS Alabama (Capt. F.D. Kirtland, USN), USS North Carolina (Capt. F.P. Thomas, USN), light cruiser USS San Diego (Capt. L.J. Hudson, USN), destroyers USS Owen (Cdr. R.W. Wood, USN), USS Miller (Cdr. T.H. Kobey, USN), USS The Sullivans (Cdr. K.M. Gentry, USN), USS Stephen Potter (Cdr. C.H. Crichton, USN), USS Hickox (Cdr. W.M. Sweetser, USN), USS Hunt (Cdr. H.A. Knoertzer, USN), USS Lewis Hancock (Cdr. C.H. Lyman, 3rd, USN), USS Sterett (Lt.Cdr. F.J.L. Blouin, USN) and USS Stack (Lt.Cdr. P.K. Sherman, Jr., USN). This task force attacked Roi from 29 January to 3 February. Task Group 58.3 Aircraft carrier USS Bunker Hill (Capt. J.J. Ballentine, USN), light carriers USS Monterey (Capt. L.T. Hundt, USN), USS Cowpens (Capt. R.P. McConnell, USN), battleships USS Iowa (Capt. J.L. McCrea, USN), USS New Jersey (Capt. C.F. Holden, USN), heavy cruiser USS Wichita (Capt J.J. Mahoney, USN), destroyers USS Izard (Cdr. E.K. van Swearingen, USN), USS Charrette (Cdr. E.S. Karpe, USN), USS Conner (Cdr. W.E. Kaitner, USN), USS Bell (Cdr. L.C. Petross, USN), USS Burns (Cdr. D.T. Eller, USN), USS Bradford (Cdr. R.L. Morris, USN), USS Brown (Cdr. T.H. Copeman, USN), USS Cowell (Cdr. C.W. Parker, USN), USS Wilson (Lt.Cdr. C.K. Duncan, USN). This task force attacked Eniwetok from 30 January to 2 February. Task Group 58.4 Aircraft carrier USS Saratoga (Capt. J.H. Cassady, USN), light carriers USS Princeton (Capt. G.R. Henderson, USN), USS Langley (Capt. W.M. Dillon, USN), heavy cruisers USS Boston (Capt. J.H. Carson, USN), USS Baltimore (Capt. W.C. Calhoun, USN), light cruiser USS San Juan (Capt. G.W. Clark, USN), destroyers USS Maury (Lt.Cdr. J.W. Koenig, USN), USS Craven (Lt.Cdr. R.L. Fulton, USN), USS Gridley (Cdr. J.H. Motes, Jr., USN), USS McCall (Cdr. E.L. Foster, USN), USS Dunlap (Cdr. C. Iverson, USN), USS Fanning (Cdr. R.M. MacKinnon, USN), USS Case (Cdr. C.M. Howe, 3rd, USN) and USS Cummings (Cdr. P.D. Williams, USN). This task force attacked Wotje on 29 January, Maloelap on 30 and 31 January and Eniwetok from 3 to 6 February. For the daily positions of USS Iowa during this operation see the map below.

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS O 10: HrMs O 10 (Lt.Cdr. A. van Altena, RNN(R)) was undocked at Port Bannatyne. She immediately returned to Rothesay (which was 'just round the corner').

US Navy Submarine USS Gar: USS Gar (Lt.Cdr. G.W. Lautrup, Jr) torpedoed and sank the Japanese troop transport Taian Maru (3670 GRT) about 75 nautical miles south of Palau in position 05°45'N, 134°45'E.

US Navy Submarine USS Snook: USS Snook (Lt.Cdr. C.O. Triebel) torpedoed and sank the Japanese auxiliary gunboat Magane Maru (3120 GRT) about 175 nautical miles north-northwest of Chichi Jima, Bonin Islands in position 29°49'N, 140°08'E.

US Navy Submarine USS Cabrilla: USS Cabrilla (Cdr. D.T. Hammond, USN) ended her 2nd war patrol at Fremantle.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Ursula: HMS Ursula (Lt. A.G. Davies, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Campbeltown with HMS Bedlington (Skr. A.W. Peak, RNR) and HMS Boarhound (Skr. A. Keable, RNR).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Una: HMS Una (T/L. P.S. Thirsk, RNR) conducted A/S exercises off Stornoway with HMS Antares (Lt.Cdr. A.H. Diack, DSC and Bar, RN).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Seadog: HMS Seadog (Lt. C.R. Pelly, RN) ended her 11th war patrol at Lerwick.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Sibyl: HMS Sibyl (Lt. P.S. Beale, RN) is undocked.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Sea Rover: HMS Sea Rover (Lt. J.P. Angell, RN) arrived at Aden.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Stonehenge: HMS Stonehenge (Lt. D.S.M. Verschoyle-Campbell, DSC and Bar, RN) arrived at Trincomalee.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Stratagem: HMS Stratagem (T/Lt. R.L. Willoughby, RNR) shifted from Harwich to Sheerness where at the Sheerness Royal Dockyard the battery was changed.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Trusty: HMS Trusty (Lt.Cdr.(Retd.) J.R.G. Harvey, RN) conducts attack exercises on the armed yacht HMS Breda (Lt.Cdr. G.G. Slade, RN).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Truculent: HMS Truculent (Lt.Cdr. R.L. Alexander, DSO, RN) arrived at Trincomalee.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Tudor: HMS Tudor (Lt. S.A. Porter, DSC, RN) shifted from Holy Loch to Arrochar where she was to conduct her torpedo discharge trials.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Ultimatum: HMS Ultimatum (Lt. W.H. Kett, DSC, RNR) departed Beirut for Port Said where she was to be docked for a propeller change.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Unbending: HHMS Unbending (Lt. J.D. Martin, DSC, RN) conducted A/S exercises in Lough Foyle with HMS Erne (Lt.Cdr. W.R. Hickey, RNR), HMCS Fennel (A/Lt.Cdr. W.P. Moffat, RCNVR) and HMS Vanoc (Lt.Cdr. P.R. Ward, RN).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Ultor: Ultor (Lt. G.E. Hunt, DSC, RN) arrived at Capri from her Anzio mission.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Untiring: HMS Untiring (Lt. R. Boyd, DSC, RN) departed La Maddalena for her 7th war patrol (5th in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to patrol off southern France and the Italian riviera. For the daily and attack positions of HMS Untiring during this patrol see the map below.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Uther: HMS Uther (Lt. A.A. Catlow, RN) briefly conducted exercises off Fishguard but these were soon abandoned due to the bad weather conditions.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Upstart: HMS Upstart (Lt. P.C. Chapman, DSC and Bar, RN) bombarded a large building, possibly a seaplane station to the west of Cannes, France. (All times are zone -1) 1749 hours - Surfaced and engaged shore target from 2600 yards. Five rounds were fired at a large nissen hut to the east of the main target. Fire was then shifted to the main target and 25 rounds were fired of which 22 fell in the target area before the gun malfunctioned. 1756 hours - Withdrew from the area. 1800 hours - Shore batteries opened fire but the splashes did not come closed then 100 yards. 1820 hours - Shelling ceased. Continued to withdraw to seaward at high speed.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Vigorous: HMS Vigorous (Lt. J.C. Ogle, DSC, RN) conducted torpedo discharge trials off Arrochar in Loch Long. Upon completion of these Vigorous proceeded to Holy Loch.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 43: HMS H 43 (Lt. I.G. Raikes, DSC, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Lough Foyle.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS H 44: HMS H 44 (Lt. P.N. Joyce, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Lough Foyle with HMS Mourne (Lt.Cdr. R.S. Holland, RD, RNR) and HMS Churchill (Lt. A.C.D. Leach, RN).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS P 511: HMS P 511 (Lt. E.A. Hobson, DSC, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Campbeltown.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS P 512: HMS P 512 (Lt. J.A. Wingate, DSC, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Bermuda.

Royal Navy Destroyer HMS Jervis: At the same time that HMS Janus was sunk HMS Jervis was hit by a German radio controlled bomb and was damaged although she suffered no casualties.

Soviet Navy Submarine USSR S-56: S-56 tries to attack a German convoy off Nordkyn. S-56 attacked on the surface but was spotted and driven off by gunfire from the German escorts NKi 10 and UJ 1206.

French Navy Submarine FR Amazone: Amazone conducted exercises off Bermuda.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS L 23: HMS L 23 (Lt. H.R. Murray, RN) participated in A/S exercises off Digby. [no logs are available for the period from 24 January 1944 to 30 April 1944, therefore no details of her operations can be given.]

1945

US Navy Destroyer Escort USS Corbesier: Corbesier was involved in the sinking of the Japanese submarine I-48 off Yap.

US Navy Destroyer USS Drexler: USS Drexler (Cmdr Ronald Lee Wilson) departed from Norfolk bound for Trinidad.

US Navy Destroyer USS Taussig: USS Taussig returns to Ulithi.

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS O 21: HrMs O 21 (Lt. F.J. Kroesen, RNN) conducted exercises off New London, Connecticut, U.S.A.

Royal Dutch Navy Submarine HNMS O 24: HrMs O 24 (Lt.Cdr. P.J.S. de Jong, RNN) conducted attack exercises in the Clyde area during which HMS Hastings (A/Cdr. E.A. Stocker, DSC, RN) served as the target.

US Navy Submarine USS Seadragon: USS Seadragon (Cdr. J.H. Ashley, Jr., USN) departed Guam for Pearl Harbour. She was escorted out by USS Martin (Lt. R.W. McCallister, Jr., USNR).

US Navy Submarine USS Barb: USS Barb (Cdr. Eugene Bennett Fluckey) enters the shallow harbour of Namkwan, China, and sank the Japanese merchant Taikyo Maru (5244 GRT) in position 27°04'N, 120°27'E. For this attack Cdr. Eugene Bennett Fluckey was awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor and Barb received the Presidential Unit Citation.

US Navy Submarine USS Blackfish: USS Blackfish (Lt.Cdr. R.F. Sellars) attacked a sailing vessel with her deck gun, claiming damage to the vessel.

US Navy Submarine USS Haddock: USS Haddock (Cdr. J.P. Roach) departed from Pearl Harbor for her 11th war patrol. She was to patrol off the Ryukyu Islands.

US Navy Submarine USS Batfish: USS Batfish (Cdr. J.K. Fyfe, USN) damaged a junk with gunfire. (All times are zone -8) 0209 hours - In position 20°17'N, 111°36'E obtained SJ radar contact at a range of 9800 yards. Two pips. Targets tracked course 180°. Speed varying between three knots and one knot. 0535 hours - A new radar contact at a range of 17000 yards. Batfish was now 8000 yards ahead of the original contact. The new contact tracked on course 350° at only two knots. This new contact is ahead and Batfish was on track of both contacts and in a good position for an attack on either. 0610 hours - Contact developed into many ships, at least twelve. 0615 hours - Dived and went to battle stations submerged. 0639 hours - All ships were identified as Chinese junk type sailing vessels. A total of 28 were counted. Decided to surface and determine if they were by any chance carrying valuable Japanese cargos. 0711 hours - Surfaced and started in. 0730 hours - Commenced firing all guns from 2000 yards range. After hitting one ship several times all ships hove to. Maneuvered the ship alongside four, they were all fishing vessels. Headed for the one that we had hit. Boarded and tended the wounded. Gave them some provisions. 0950 hours - Left the junk fleet and proceeded eastwards.

US Navy Submarine USS Bullhead: USS Bullhead (Cdr. W.T. Griffith, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS Dentuda: USS Dentuda (Cdr. J.S. McCain, Jr., USN) conducted exercises in Long Island Sound together with USS Semmes (Lt.Cdr. F.L. Fullaway, USNR).

US Navy Submarine USS Guavina: USS Guavina (Cdr. R.H. Lockwood) departed from Fremantle for her 5th war patrol. She was ordered to patrol in the South China Sea.

US Navy Submarine USS Pampanito: USS Pampanito (Cdr. P.E. Summers) departed from Fremantle for her 5th war patrol. She was ordered to patrol in the Gulf of Siam.

US Navy Submarine USS Scabbardfish: USS Scabbardfish (Lt.Cdr. F.A. Gunn) departed from Saipan for her 3rd war patrol. She was ordered to patrol off Formosa.

US Navy Submarine USS Sennet: USS Sennet (Cdr. G.E. Porter) sank the Japanese guard boat Kainan Maru No.7 (84 GRT) with gunfire off the Bonin Islands most likely in position 30°00'N, 140°16'E. The position is often reported as 30°00'N, 120°16'E but this can't be correct. This position is well inside Hangchow Bay, China. This was not even near Sennet's patrol area and besides that i dont expect any US submarine to patrol that in deep inside Hangchow Bay.

US Navy Submarine USS Torsk: With her torpedo trials completed, USS Torsk (Cdr. B.E. Lewellen, USN), arrived at New London, Connecticut.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Clyde: HMS Clyde (Lt. R.H. Bull, DSC, RN) commenced special operation C.S.O. 60 / Operation Balmoral IV'. The operation was completed later the same day. This was the landing off a further ten members for party in the Mergui area that had been landed there by HMS Clyde in November 1944. [No further details currently (Jan. 2019) known to us.]

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Rorqual: Following the laying of the mines HMS Rorqual (Lt. J.P.H. Oakley, DSC, RN) is ordered to conduct air/sea rescue duties in the Andaman Sea.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Sea Nymph: HMS Sea Nymph (Lt. M.I. Usher, RN) departed Lerwick for Holy Loch. She was escorted by HMS Elm (T/Lt. B.W. Webb, RNVR). Early the next morning, off Scapa Flow, she was joined by HMS Unsparing. HMS Shikari (Lt. E.H.U. Cautley, RNVR) then took over the escort.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Stoic: HMS Stoic (A/Lt.Cdr. P.B. Marriot, DSO, RN) was docked at Alexandria.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Storm: HMS Storm (T/A/Lt.Cdr. E.P. Young, DSO, DSC, RNVR) was put on the slipway at Fremantle, Australia.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Sidon: HMS Sidon (Lt. H.C. Gowan, RN) was undocked.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Sleuth: HMS Sleuth (Lt. K.H. Martin, RN) departed Gibraltar for Malta. She made the passage together with HMS Tiptoe (Lt.Cdr. P.R.H. Harrison, DSO, DSC and Bar, RN).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Trusty: HMS Trusty (Lt. J.P. Fyfe, DSC, RN) conducts exercises with HMS Norfolk (Capt. J.G.Y. Loveband, RN) and two destroyers.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Thule: HMS Thule (A/Lt.Cdr. A.C.G. Mars, DSO, DSC, RN) departed from Trincomalee for her 4th war patrol (3rd in the Far East). She is to carry out a special operation and to patrol in the South China Sea. For the daily positions of HMS Thule during this patrol see the map below.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Tiptoe: HMS Tiptoe (Lt.Cdr. P.R.H. Harrison, DSO, DSC and Bar, RN) departed from Gibraltar bound for Malta. Again passage was made together with HMS Trump (Cdr. E.F. Balston, DSO, RN) and HMS Sleuth (Lt. K.H. Martin, RN).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Totem: HMS Totem (A/Lt.Cdr. M.B. St. John, DSC, RN) conducted torpedo discharge trials off Arrochar.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Trenchant: The Japanese tanker Hozan Maru nr. 1 (868 GRT, built 1943) and the Japanese merchant Nikkaku Maru (1946 GRT, built 1943) sank on mines in the Malacca Straits in position 04°08'N, 98°15'E. These mines were laid on 16 September 1944 by HMS Trenchant (Cdr. A.R. Hezlet, DSO, DSC, RN).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Trump: HMS Trump (Cdr. E.F. Balston, DSO, RN) departed from Gibraltar for Malta.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Taciturn: HMS Taciturn (Lt.Cdr. E.T. Stanley, DSO, DSC, RN) arrived at Lerwick. She departed after a few hours for her 1st war patrol. This was a work-up patrol in the North Sea. For the daily positions of HMS Taciturn during this patrol see the map below.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Tapir: HMS Tapir (Lt. J.C.Y. Roxbourgh, DSO, DSC, RN) is docked at Holy Loch in AFD 7.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Unruffled: HMS Unruffled (T/Lt. A.H. MacCoy, DSC, SANF(V)) participated in A/S exercises off Bermuda.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Untiring: HMS Untiring (Lt. G.E.L.F. Edsell, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Campbeltown with HMS La Cordeliere (Lt.Cdr. A.J.G. Barff, RNR) and HMS Tuscarora (Lt.Cdr.(Retd.) H.T. Pitt, RN).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Upshot: HMS Upshot (Lt. A.J. Boyall, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Tobermory with HMS Loch Katrine (T/A/Lt.Cdr. R.A. Cherry, RNR), HMS Vestal (Lt. C.W. Porter, DSC, RN) and HMS Courier (A/Cdr. H.J.A.S. Jerome, DSO, RN).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Vampire: HMS Vampire (Lt. C.W. Taylor, RNR) conducted A/S exercises off Gibraltar with HMS Jonquil (T/Lt. V.J. Andersen, RNZNVR) and HMS Kilmarnock (T/Lt. I.H. Bargrave-Deane, RNVR).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Venturer: HMS Venturer (Lt. J.S. Launders, DSC and Bar, RN) is ordered to return to Lerwick.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Vigorous: HMS Vigorous (Lt. J.C. Ogle, DSC, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Kilindini with HMS Solvra (T/Lt. M. Low, DSC, RNVR) and another vessel [unable to read the name in the log of HMS Vigorous].

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Viking: HMS Viking (Lt. R. Bannar-Martin, DSC, RN) arrived at Lerwick.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Virtue: HMS Virtue (Lt. R.D. Cairns, DSC, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Varsova with HMIS Ramdas (T/Lt. H.D. Baker, RINR).

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Votary: HMS Votary (Lt. P.M. Staveley, RN) conducted A/S exercises at Scapa Flow with HMS Cavendish (Cdr. R.H. Maurice, DSO, RN) and HMS Blackmore (Lt. J.S. Kerans, RN).

US Navy Submarine USS R-2: USS R-2 (Lt.Cdr. L.G. Bernard, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS R-4: USS R-4 (Lt. D.C. Peto, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS R-10: USS R-10 (Lt. R.D. McWenthy, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS R-11: USS R-11 (Lt.Cdr. M. Abrahams, USN) departed Key West, Florida for Port Everglades, Florida.

US Navy Submarine USS R-11: USS R-11 (Lt.Cdr. M. Abrahams, USN) is put back in the water.

US Navy Submarine USS R-14: USS R-14 (Lt.Cdr. J.H. Cunningham, Jr., USNR) conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS R-20: USS R-20 (Lt.Cdr. J.B. Dudley, USN) conducted exercises off Key West.

US Navy Submarine USS Plaice: USS Plaice (Cdr. C.B. Stevens) departed from Saipan for her 4th war patrol. She was ordered to patrol in Luzon Strait.

Royal Navy Submarine HMS Vengeful: HMS Vengeful (Lt. A.S. Melville-Ross, DSC, RN) departed Holy Loch for Tobermory. She anchored in Brodick Bay for the night.

Italian Navy Submarine IT Onice: Onice arrived at New London, Connecticut from Bermuda.

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