Allied Warships

HMS Oberon (N 21)

Submarine of the O class

NavyThe Royal Navy
TypeSubmarine
ClassO 
PennantN 21 
Built byChatham Dockyard (Chatham, U.K.): 
Ordered1 Nov 1923 
Laid down22 Mar 1924 
Launched24 Sep 1926 
Commissioned24 Aug 1927 
End service5 Jul 1944 
History

On 2 August 1939 HMS Oberon was recommissioned after she had been in reserve from 1937. She was mainly used for training. Decommissioned at Blyth on 5 July 1944. Sold to be broken up for scrap on 24 August 1945. Scrapped at Dunston.

 
Former nameO 1

Commands listed for HMS Oberon (N 21)

Please note that we're still working on this section.

CommanderFromTo
1Lt.Cdr. Henry Carlton Cumberbatch, RN2 Aug 193920 Nov 1939
2Lt.Cdr. James Anthony Surtees Wise, RN20 Nov 193916 Apr 1940
3Lt. Peter Ronald Ward, RN16 Apr 19408 May 1940
4Lt. Cecil Bernard Crouch, RN8 May 194019 Aug 1940
5Lt.Cdr. Edward Fowle Pizey, DSC, RN19 Aug 194027 Jan 1941
6Lt. Peter Robert Helfrich Harrison, DSC, RN27 Jan 19412 Feb 1941
7Lt.Cdr. Edward Fowle Pizey, DSC, RN2 Feb 194122 Sep 1941
8Lt. Michael Beauchamp St. John, RN22 Sep 19413 Nov 1941
9Lt.Cdr. George David Archibald Gregory, DSO, RN3 Nov 194117 Nov 1941
10Lt. Robert Evelyn Boddington, RN17 Nov 194122 Nov 1941
11Lt.Cdr. Peter Joseph Howell Bartlett, RN22 Nov 194128 Dec 1941
12Lt.Cdr. Hugh Patrick de Crery Steel, RN28 Dec 19411 Jan 1942
13Lt. Norman Jack Coe, DSC, RNR1 Jan 19426 Jan 1942
14Lt.Cdr. Peter Joseph Howell Bartlett, RN6 Jan 1942Mar 1942 ?
15T/S.Lt. James Joseph Dymoke-Bryne, RNRMar 1942 ?4 Jun 1942
16Lt. Stephen John Fovargue, RN4 Jun 19428 Sep 1942
17Lt.Cdr. John Wentworth McCoy, DSC, RN8 Sep 194220 Jul 1943
18Lt.Cdr. John Bertram de Betham Kershaw, DSO, RN20 Jul 194324 Mar 1944
19Lt. Michael Lindsay Coulton Crawford, DSC, RN24 Mar 19445 Jul 1944

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Notable events involving Oberon include:


The history of HMS Oberon as compiled on this page is extracted from the patrol reports and logbooks of this submarine.

This page was last updated in June 2016.

11 Oct 1935
Damaged in collision with the destroyer HMS Thanet at Devonport.

8 Sep 1939
HMS Oberon (Lt.Cdr. H.C. Cumberbatch, RN) conducted exercises off Portsmouth. (1)

9 Sep 1939
HMS Oberon (Lt.Cdr. H.C. Cumberbatch, RN) departed Portsmouth for Dundee. (1)

13 Sep 1939
HMS Oberon (Lt.Cdr. H.C. Cumberbatch, RN) arrived at Dundee. (1)

15 Sep 1939
HMS Oberon (Lt.Cdr. H.C. Cumberbatch, RN) was docked at Dundee. (1)

17 Sep 1939
HMS Oberon (Lt.Cdr. H.C. Cumberbatch, RN) was undocked. (1)

19 Sep 1939
During 19 and 20 September 1939, HMS Oberon (Lt.Cdr. H.C. Cumberbatch, RN), conducted exercises off Dundee. These included night exercises. (1)

22 Sep 1939
HMS Oberon (Lt.Cdr. H.C. Cumberbatch, RN) departed Dundee for her 1st war patrol. She was ordered to patrol in the central North Sea.

For the daily positions of HMS Oberon during this patrol see the map below.

(2)

5 Oct 1939
HMS Oberon (Lt.Cdr. H.C. Cumberbatch, RN) ended her 1st war patrol at Rosyth. (2)

7 Oct 1939
HMS Oberon (Lt.Cdr. H.C. Cumberbatch, RN) departed Rosyth for Dundee. (3)

8 Oct 1939
HMS Oberon (Lt.Cdr. H.C. Cumberbatch, RN) arrived at Dundee. (3)

12 Oct 1939
HMS Oberon (Lt.Cdr. H.C. Cumberbatch, RN) departed Dundee for Portland. She made part of the passage in convoy FS 20. During passage through the Channel she was escorted by HMS Boadicea (Lt.Cdr. G.B. Kingdon, RN) and later by HMS Saladin (Lt.Cdr. L.J. Dover, RN). (3)

15 Oct 1939
HMS Oberon (Lt.Cdr. H.C. Cumberbatch, RN) arrived at Portland. She was now assigned to A/S training. (3)

27 Oct 1939
HMS Oberon (Lt.Cdr. H.C. Cumberbatch, RN) shifted from Portland to Portsmouth. (3)

29 Nov 1939
HMS Oberon (Lt.Cdr. J.A.S. Wise, RN) shifted Portsmouth to Portland to resume her role as A/S training submarine. (4)

17 Feb 1940
HMS Oberon (Lt.Cdr. J.A.S. Wise, RN) shifted from Portland to Portsmouth. (5)

28 Feb 1940
HMS Oberon (Lt.Cdr. J.A.S. Wise, RN) shifted Portsmouth to Portland to resume her role as A/S training submarine. (5)

22 May 1940
HMS Oberon (Lt.Cdr. J.A.S. Wise, RN) shifted from Portland to Portsmouth. (5)

29 May 1940
HMS Oberon (Lt. C.B. Crouch, RN) departed Portsmouth for her 2nd war patrol. She was ordered to patrol in the English Channel.

No log is available for May 1940 so no map for this patrol can be displayed. (2)

1 Jun 1940
HMS Oberon (Lt. C.B. Crouch, RN) ended her 2nd war patrol at Portsmouth. (2)

17 Jun 1940
HMS Oberon (Lt. C.B. Crouch, RN) departed Portsmouth for Fowey. (5)

18 Jun 1940
HMS Oberon (Lt. C.B. Crouch, RN) arrived at Fowey. (5)

28 Jun 1940
HMS Oberon (Lt. C.B. Crouch, RN) departed Fowey for Portsmouth.

29 Jun 1940
HMS Oberon (Lt. C.B. Crouch, RN) arrived at Portsmouth. (5)

5 Jul 1940
HMS Oberon (Lt. C.B. Crouch, RN) departed Portsmouth for her 3rd war patrol. She was ordered to patrol in the English Channel.

For the daily positions of HMS Oberon during this patrol see the map below.

(2)

12 Jul 1940
HMS Oberon (Lt. C.B. Crouch, RN) ended her 3rd war patrol at Portsmouth. (2)

13 Jul 1940
HMS Oberon (Lt. C.B. Crouch, RN) departed Portsmouth for Rothesay. (6)

16 Jul 1940
HMS Oberon (Lt. C.B. Crouch, RN) arrived at Rothesay. She was now assigned to the 7th Submarine Flotilla for training purposes. (6)

28 Aug 1940
HMS Oberon (Lt.Cdr. E.F. Pizey, DSC, RN) arrived at Troon where she was docked for repairs and a short refit. (7)

25 Sep 1940
HMS Oberon (Lt.Cdr. E.F. Pizey, DSC, RN) was undocked. (8)

11 Oct 1940
HMS Oberon (Lt.Cdr. E.F. Pizey, DSC, RN) shifted from Troon to Rothesay. (9)

22 Mar 1941
HMS Oberon (Lt.Cdr. E.F. Pizey, DSC, RN) departed Rothesay for her 4th war patrol. She was ordered to patrol in the Bay of Biscay as it is feared the German battlecruisers Scharnhorst and Gneisenau might break out from Brest.

Passage through the Irish Sea was made together with the Dutch submarine HrMs O 24 (Lt.Cdr. O. de Booy, RNN). They were escorted by the British armed yacht HMS Shemara (Cdr.(retired) H. Buckle, RN).

For the daily positions of HMS Oberon during this patrol see the map below.

(2)

13 Apr 1941
HMS Oberon (Lt.Cdr. E.F. Pizey, DSC, RN) ended her 4th war patrol at Falmouth.

Later the same day she shifted from Falmouth to the Devonport Dockyard. (2)

19 Apr 1941
HMS Oberon (Lt.Cdr. E.F. Pizey, DSC, RN) departed the Devonport Dockyard for Rothesay. She was escorted by HMS Alecto (Cdr. R.M.G. Gambier, RN). (10)

22 Apr 1941
HMS Oberon (Lt.Cdr. E.F. Pizey, DSC, RN) arrived at Rothesay. (10)

2 Jun 1941
HMS Oberon (Lt.Cdr. E.F. Pizey, DSC, RN) was docked at Rothesay. (11)

7 Jun 1941
HMS Oberon (Lt.Cdr. E.F. Pizey, DSC, RN) was undocked. (11)

24 Jun 1941
Convoy attack exercises were carried out in the Clyde area.

The convoy was made up of HMS Cyclops (A/Capt. R.L.M. Edwards, RN), which served as the 'main target'. She was escorted by HMS Alecto (Cdr. R.M.G. Gambier, RN), HMS Breda (Capt.(Retd.) A.E. Johnston, RN), HrMs Z 5 (Lt. J.J. Steensma, RNN), HMS La Capricieuse (Lt.Cdr. G.W. Dobson, RNR) and FFS La Moqueuse.

This convoy was attacked in the morning by two submarines; HMS Oberon (Lt.Cdr. E.F. Pizey, DSC, RN) and HMS H 43 (Lt. J.D. Martin, RN).

In the afternoon the convoy was attacked (near Campbeltown) by HMS L 27 (Lt. H.N. Edmonds, DSC, RN), HMS H 31 (Lt. R.J. Hemingway, DSC, RN) and HMS H 32 (Lt. B.G. Heslop, DSC, RN). (12)

17 Nov 1941
HMS Oberon (Lt. R.E. Boddington, RN) was docked at Kames Bay. (13)

24 Nov 1941
HMS Oberon (Lt.Cdr. P.J.H. Bartlett, RN) was undocked. (13)

16 Dec 1941
HMS Oberon (Lt.Cdr. P.J.H. Bartlett, RN) departed Rothesay for her 5th war patrol. She was ordered to patrol in the Bay of Biscay as it is feared the German battlecruisers Scharnhorst and Gneisenau and heavy cruiser Prinz Eugen might breack out from Brest.

Passage through the Irish Sea was made together with the HMS H 33 (Lt. J.H. Bromage, DSC, RN) and HMS H 50 (Lt. E.T. Stanley, RN). They were escorted by HMS Cutty Sark (Cdr. (retired) R.H. Mack, RN).

For the daily positions of HMS Oberon during this patrol see the map below.

(2)

18 Dec 1941
HMS Oberon (Lt.Cdr. P.J.H. Bartlett, RN) is forced to abandon her war patrol due to a bad leak aft and several other defects. Course is set to return to Rothesay escorted by HMS Cutty Sark (Cdr. (retired) R.H. Mack, RN). (2)

20 Dec 1941
HMS Oberon (Lt.Cdr. P.J.H. Bartlett, RN) ended her 5th war patrol at Rothesay. (2)

22 Feb 1942
HMS Oberon (Lt.Cdr. P.J.H. Bartlett, RN) departed Rothesay for Portsmouth.

Passage southwards through the Irish Sea was made together with HMS P 42 (Lt. A.C.G. Mars, RN). They were escorted by HMS Felixstowe (Lt.Cdr. C.H. Corbet-Singleton, DSC, RN) until 1800/24. (14)

26 Feb 1942
HMS Oberon (Lt.Cdr. P.J.H. Bartlett, RN) arrived at Portsmouth where she was to refit. (14)

27 Dec 1942
With her refit completed HMS Oberon (Lt.Cdr. J.W. McCoy, DSC, RN) conducted trials of Portsmouth. (15)

29 Dec 1942
HMS Oberon (Lt.Cdr. J.W. McCoy, DSC, RN) conducted trials of Portsmouth. (15)

30 Dec 1942
HMS Oberon (Lt.Cdr. J.W. McCoy, DSC, RN) conducted trials of Portsmouth. (15)

31 Dec 1942
HMS Oberon (Lt.Cdr. J.W. McCoy, DSC, RN) conducted trials of Portsmouth. (15)

2 Jan 1943
HMS Oberon (Lt.Cdr. J.W. McCoy, DSC, RN) conducted trials of Portsmouth. (16)

3 Jan 1943
HMS Oberon (Lt.Cdr. J.W. McCoy, DSC, RN) departed Portsmouth for Rothesay. She made the passage together with HMS P 229 (Lt. R. Gatehouse, DSC, RN) and HMS P 31 (Lt. L.E. Herrick, DSC, RN). They were escorted HMS Unst (T/Lt. J.R. Smith, RNR) until 0830/04 when the armed yacht HMS Star of India took over the escort. (16)

6 Jan 1943
HMS Oberon (Lt.Cdr. J.W. McCoy, DSC, RN) arrived at Rothesay where she resumed her training role. (16)

2 Jul 1943
HMS Oberon (Lt.Cdr. J.W. McCoy, DSC, RN) was docked at Rothesay. (17)

7 Jul 1943
HMS Oberon (Lt.Cdr. J.W. McCoy, DSC, RN) was undocked. (17)

6 Aug 1943
HMS Oberon (Lt.Cdr. J.B.de B. Kershaw, DSO, RN) shifted from Rothesay to Glasgow for a short refit. (18)

14 Aug 1943
With her short refit completed, HMS Oberon (Lt.Cdr. J.B.de B. Kershaw, DSO, RN) returned to Rothesay. (18)

7 Jan 1944
HMS Oberon (Lt.Cdr. J.B.de B. Kershaw, DSO, RN) departed Rothesay for Barrow. (19)

8 Jan 1944
HMS Oberon (Lt.Cdr. J.B.de B. Kershaw, DSO, RN) arrived at Barrow for engine repairs. (19)

13 Apr 1944
HMS Oberon (Lt. M.L.C. Crawford, DSC, RN) departed Barrow for Rothesay. (20)

14 Apr 1944
HMS Oberon (Lt. M.L.C. Crawford, DSC, RN) arrived at Rothesay. (20)

27 Apr 1944
HMS Oberon (Lt. M.L.C. Crawford, DSC, RN) departed Rothesay for Scapa Flow. She made the passage north together with FFS Rubis. They were escorted by HMS Portchester Castle (Lt. A.G. Scott, RNR).

29 Apr 1944
HMS Oberon (Lt. M.L.C. Crawford, DSC, RN) arrived at Scapa Flow. (20)

30 Apr 1944
HMS Oberon (Lt. M.L.C. Crawford, DSC, RN) departed Scapa Flow for Blyth. She was escorted by HMS Castlenau (Skr. W.G. Mickleburgh, RNR). (20)

1 May 1944
HMS Oberon (Lt. M.L.C. Crawford, DSC, RN) arrived at Blyth. (21)

5 Jul 1944
HMS Oberon (Lt. M.L.C. Crawford, DSC, RN) was decomissioned at Blyth. She then moved to the Tyne for scrapping. (22)

Sources

  1. ADM 173/15802
  2. ADM 199/1831
  3. ADM 173/15803
  4. ADM 173/15804
  5. ADM 199/2568
  6. ADM 173/16346
  7. ADM 199/2564
  8. ADM 173/16347
  9. ADM 173/16348
  10. ADM 173/16817
  11. ADM 173/16819
  12. File 2.12.03.7131 (Dutch Archives, The Hague, Netherlands)
  13. ADM 173/16824
  14. ADM 173/17313
  15. ADM 173/17317
  16. ADM 173/17864
  17. ADM 173/17870
  18. ADM 173/17871
  19. ADM 173/18545
  20. ADM 173/18548
  21. ADM 173/18549
  22. ADM 199/1385

ADM numbers indicate documents at the British National Archives at Kew, London.


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