Italian submarines in World War Two


Emo (EO, I.17)
Emo

TypeOcean going 
ClassMarcello (12) 
Laid down 16 Feb 1937 Cantieri Riuniti dell'Adriatico, Monfalcone
Launched26 Jun 1938
Commissioned26 Oct 1938
End service
Stricken
Loss date10 Nov 1942
Loss position36° 50'N, 2° 50'E
History
Fate Scuttled on 10th November 1942 west of Algiers in position 36°50'N, 02°50'E after being forced to surface by depth charges from the A/S trawler HMT Lord Nuffield

Commands

CommanderDate fromDate toCommand
C.C. Carlo Liannazza6 Dec 19384 Dec 1940
C.C. Giuseppe Roselli Lorenzini29 Nov 194012 Feb 1942
T.V. Salvatore Vassallo13 Feb 19424 Mar 1942
T.V. Giuseppe Franco5 Mar 194210 Nov 1942

Patrols and events

 CommanderDateTimePortArr. dateArr. timeArr. portMilesDescription
Liannazza, Carlo10 Jun 1940Naples10 Jun 1940NaplesAt Naples undergoing repairs.

Liannazza, Carlo23 Jun 19400215Naples23 Jun 19401630Naples59Exercises.

1Liannazza, Carlo27 Jun 19401007Naples16 Jul 19401030Naples456,23Patrolled near Gibraltar in 35°50'N, 03°46'E on a patrol line with Marconi. Sighted HMS Hood, but was unable to attack.
  4 Jul 19401430
(0) About 60 miles east of Gibraltar.
At 1430 hours, following several hydrophone noises, Emo came to periscope depth and sighted a naval force consisting of battleships, an aircraft carrier and a number of destroyers on a westerly course. These were certainly Force H with the battle cruiser HMS Hood, the battleships HMS Valiant and HMS Resolution, the aircraft carrier HMS Ark Royal, the light cruisers HMS Enterprise and HMS Arethusa, and eleven destroyers (HMS Faulknor (D.8), HMS Fearless, HMS Forester, HMS Foresight, HMS Escort, HMS Foxhound, HMS Keppel (D.13), HMS Vortigern, HMS Vidette, HMS Active and HMS Wrestler) returning from Operation CATAPULT.
  6 Jul 19401450
(0) About 75 miles east of Gibraltar.
At 1450 hours, Emo observed a British squadron consisting of two battleships (one of them recognised as HMS Hood), one aircraft carrier and five destroyers at a distance of 12-13,000 metres. They had first been detected by hydrophones. The submarine could not close to less than 9,000 metres. At 1450 hours, following several hydrophone noises, Emo came to periscope depth and sighted a naval force consisting of battleships, an aircraft carrier and a number of destroyers on a westerly course.

These were certainly Force H with the battle cruiser HMS Hood, the battleship HMS Valiant, the aircraft carrier HMS Ark Royal, the light cruisers HMS Enterprise and HMS Arethusa, and the destroyers (HMS Faulknor (D.8), HMS Fearless, HMS Forester, HMS Escort, HMS Foxhound, HMS Wishart, HMS Vortigern, HMS Vidette, HMS Active and HMS Wrestler) carrying Operation LEVER.

Liannazza, Carlo13 Aug 19400906Naples13 Aug 19401427Naples28Exercises.

2Liannazza, Carlo27 Aug 19400915Naples3 Oct 19401530Bordeaux4450Passage to Bordeaux. Patrolled between 42°00'N and 19°00'W and 30°10'W. Passed Gibraltar on 9th September 1940. Escorted in by the German minesweeper M-10 and Sperrbrecher V.
  14 Sep 19400900
0700 GMT (e)

(e) 41° 27'N, 21° 50'W
At 0830 hours (dawn), a steamer was sighted at 6,000 metres on a northerly course. Emo submerged and closed to the attack. At 0900 hours, the submarine fired a torpedo (533mm, S.I.) at a distance of 4,000 metres. It hit. This was the British St. Agnes (5,191 GRT, built 1918) carrying 7,500 tons of oil seed and general cargo [also reported — in error — as AGRUS], from convoy SLS.46 (Freetown to Methil). She was damaged and made an SOS. Emo trailed her and was close enough to identify her as St. Agnes and observe that she was armed with a 120mm or 152mm gun and a smalller one.

At 1730 hours, the submarine surfaced and opened fire. At 1749 hours, fire was checked after 28 rounds (which caused no visible damage as most failed to detonate) as a second freighter appeared on the scene. Chief Officer C.S. Whitticombe reported that the submarine surfaced twice firing 12 rounds the first time and another 8 rounds the second time. None appeared to hit.

Emo altered course to deal with the newcomer but, at 1830 hours, she was identified as the American Excalibur, and the submarine returned to the first ship.

At 1932 hours, a second torpedo (450mm) was fired from a stern tube. St. Agnes was hit and sank. Her sixty-four (or sixty-three?) survivors were picked up by the American steamer Exochorda (not Excalibur as reported in some documents) and landed in Lisbon.

3Liannazza, Carlo31 Oct 19400700Bordeaux6 Nov 19401130Bordeaux1052,5Sailed with Faà di Bruno, escorted out by the German minesweepers M-9 and M-21, for Atlantic patrol between 55°20'N and 56°00'N, and between 15°00'W and 20°00'W (Grids 9990-9998 and 9915). She was ordered to leave the Gironde estuary at a speed of 11 knots through 45°06'N, 02°32'W and 49°00'N, 19°00'W, reducing to 8 knots when passing the 12° W meridian, then course north to join her patrol position. Turned back because her commanding officer was injured.
  2 Nov 1940160047° 55'N, 10° 00'WAt 1600 hours, in heavy weather, the lookout Giuseppe Gobbi was carried away by a wave. Emo turned back to try to recover him but he was never found. Another lookout, Teodoro Caruso, was injured.
  3 Nov 1940070047° 55'N, 10° 00'WAt 0700 hours, a large wave fell over the conning tower and C.C. Carlo Liannazza was thrown heavily against the railing. He was injured apparently with a broken rib. The Executive Officer, T.V. Giuseppe Franco, took over and decided to turn back.

Roselli Lorenzini, Giuseppe2 Dec 19400930Bordeaux2 Dec 19401430Le VerdonPassage Bordeaux-Le Verdon.

Roselli Lorenzini, Giuseppe3 Dec 19400846Le Verdon3 Dec 19401800La Pallice126,5Passage Le Verdon-La Pallice (mileage is from 0930 hours on 2nd December).

Roselli Lorenzini, Giuseppe4 Dec 19400930La Pallice4 Dec 19401345La Pallice15Exercises at Le Pertuis d'Antioche.

4Roselli Lorenzini, Giuseppe5 Dec 19401700La Pallice2 Jan 19411430Bordeaux3478,5Sailed for Atlantic patrol between 56°00 and 57°00'N and 17°00 and 20°00 W. Escorted in by the minesweepers M-9, M-10 and M-13 from the Second Minesweeping Flotilla.
  17 Dec 19401810At 1810 hours, a steamer was sighted at a distance of 8,000 metres and Emo gave chase in heavy seas. However, some ten tons of water entered through the hatch and the attempt was abandoned [note: Italian submarines had to leave the hatch open to ventilate their diesels. The problem was later addressed in Bordeaux].
  20 Dec 19401427
1435 (e)
56° 12'N, 19° 55'W
(e) 55° 30'N, 19° 25'W
At 1330 hours, in heavy weather, a steamer was sighted steering 280° on the port beam. Due to the heavy smoke of his diesel engines and the impossibility of maintaining a speed of over 10 knots. C.C. Roselli Lorenzini elected for a submerged attack. The range had dropped to 4,000 metres but the submarine had trouble to keep the trim at periscope depth and its conning tower broke surface.

At 1427 hours, the range had closed to 500-600 metres and a pair of torpedoes (533mm) were fired at the target, a 3-4,000-ton tanker. She was missed, although an explosion was heard after about 5 minutes, followed by another 2 minutes later.

This was the Norwegian tanker Varangberg (2,842 GRT, built 1915) dispersed from convoy OB.260 and on passage from Oban to Freetown. She was then attacked by U-95 (KL Gerd Schreiber) at 1453 and 1457 hours near German grid AL 6176 (55°39' N, 20°05' W), but again escaped.
  27 Dec 19401140At 1140 hours, a warship, probably destroyer, was seen steering 050°. Emo remained on the surface as she was probably too far to be detected.

Roselli Lorenzini, Giuseppe27 Feb 19410830Bordeaux27 Feb 19411500Le VerdonPassage Bordeaux-Le Verdon.

Roselli Lorenzini, Giuseppe28 Feb 19410813Le Verdon28 Feb 19411730La PallicePassage Le Verdon-La Pallice, escorted by M-10, M-13 and M-25 from the Second Minesweeping Flotilla.

Roselli Lorenzini, Giuseppe1 Mar 19411100La Pallice1 Mar 19411800La PalliceExercises at Le Pertuis d'Antioche.

Roselli Lorenzini, Giuseppe2 Mar 19411100La Pallice2 Mar 19411725La PalliceExercises at Le Pertuis d'Antioche.

5Roselli Lorenzini, Giuseppe3 Mar 19411853La Pallice26 Mar 19411645Bordeaux3910Sailed for Atlantic patrol between 58°00'N and 59°30'N, and between 13°00'W and 25°00'W.
  9 Mar 1941010450° 00'N, 18° 00'W
(0) Approximately.
At 0104 hours, Emo was informed that a convoy had been reported y a German aircraf at 1300 hours on the 8th in 53°30'40" N, 14°10'20" W (Italian grid 5689/42) steering 250°, 7 knots.
  9 Mar 19411252
1154 (e)
50° 00'N, 18° 00'W
(e) 51° 53'N, 18° 28'W
(0) Approximately.
At 1252 hours, an aircraft was sighted when 2,000 metres away. Emo dived immediately and as she reached a depth of 20 meters, two bombs exploded very twonear, causing some damage. She finally reached 110 meters.

At 1309 hours, two more bombs exploded close and more explosions followed at 1501 hours but the submarine escaped further damages. The aircraft was Sunderland 'J' (P.9604) of 10 Squadron piloted by Squadron leader J. Cohen. He had sighted the U-boat at a distance of 2 miles and turned immediately to the attack. Two depth charges were released on the submerging boat from a height of only 30 feet, set to detonate at 100 and 150 feet. Two additional depth charges were dropped very shortly after and were set to 400 feet. Cohen then directed destroyers to the scene and left after about an hour after the first attack.
  10 Mar 1941001051° 40'N, 21° 05'WAt 0010 hours, a vessel was observed at 12,000 metres. At first, it was thought to be an auxiliary cruiser, but this was later revised to an aircraft carrier. Emo maneuvered to attack but suddenly sighted a destroyer at 700 meters and the submarine dived immediately, eventually losing contact.
  14 Mar 1941111858° 40'N, 23° 52'WAt 1118 hours, visibility was poor due to frequent rain squalls, a steamer was observed on a westerly course. Emo maneuvered with the intention of carrying a surface attack during the night, as her attack periscope was defective.

At 1307 hours, she sighted another steamer on an opposite course, zigzagging on a mean course of 090-095°. This was the British steamer Western Chief (5,759 GRT, built 1918) so she switched target to attack her.
  14 Mar 1941230058° 52'N, 21° 13'WAt 2300 hours, Emo fired one torpedo (450mm, W 200 type) from a stern tube from a distance of 1,200-1,300 metres at the British steamer Western Chief (5,759 GRT, built 1918). The track could not be observed and it missed.

At 2319 hours, a second torpedo (450mm, W 200 type) followed from a stern tube, at a distance of 800-900 metres. It had an irregular course and also missed.

At 2349 hours, a third torpedo (533mm, W 270 type) was fired from 500-600 metres at Western Chief. This time it hit and the vessel sank. Twenty-one survivors were picked up by the Dutch steamer Venus and landed at Ponto Delgada on 26 March.
  16 Mar 1941214759° 10'N, 24° 25'W
(0) Approximately.
At 2147 hours, a steamer was sighted steering 230°. Emo was not in a position to intercept and dived to avoid being detected.
  19 Mar 19410025
2120/18 GMT (e)
58° 10'N, 24° 22'W
(e) 58° 01'N, 24° 25'W
At 1619 hours on 18th March, a steamer was sighted zigzagging on a mean course of 190-200°. Emo maneuvered to intercept after dark.

At 0025 hours on the 19th, in very poor visibility, one torpedo (450mm, W 200 type) was fired. It porpoised and missed. This was the British Clan Maciver (4,606 GRT, built 1921) from convoy O.B.297. The submarine avoided an attempt by the steamer to ram her.

At 0059 hours, Emo opened fire, but after two rounds the vessel managed to escape, the heavy seas, preventing the submarine from chasing her. Clan Maciver initially made a signal that she had been torpedoed, but later cancelled it.
  21 Mar 19411505At 1505 hours, Emo was informed of the presence of a convoy. The submarine altered course to intercept but, at 2103 hours, a correction to the position of the convoy put it much further west. Being short on fuel, Rosselli Lorenzini, decided to return home.

6Roselli Lorenzini, Giuseppe22 May 19410617Bordeaux22 May 19411330Le VerdonPassage Bordeaux-Le Verdon.

6bRoselli Lorenzini, Giuseppe22 May 19412010Le Verdon27 May 19411425BordeauxSailed for patrol to intercept convoy traffic to and from Gibraltar, but returned due to defects (leaking fuel).

6cRoselli Lorenzini, Giuseppe29 May 19410930Bordeaux29 May 19411300Le VerdonPassage Bordeaux-Le Verdon.

6dRoselli Lorenzini, Giuseppe29 May 19412015Le Verdon18 Jun 19411225Bordeaux4902,5Sailed for Atlantic patrol on latitude 38°45'N, between 11°15'W and 11°45'W, to intercept convoys to and from Gibraltar [mileage is from 22nd May].
  2 Jun 1941111838° 01'N, 11° 19'WAt 1118 hours, Emo sighted a steamer steering for Oporto. She was thought to be neutral and was not attacked.
  2 Jun 1941220537° 05'N, 11° 10'WAt 2205 hours, Emo was informed by BETASOM that a convoy was in 33°45' N, 10°45" W, steering 090° at 8 knots, but it was too far to intercept.
  5 Jun 1941130336° 10'N, 11° 35'WAt 1305 hours, Emo was informed by BETASOM that a convoy had sailed from Gibraltar at 1200 hours on the 4th, on westward passage. The submarine turned south to intercept.
  5 Jun 1941192136° 10'N, 11° 15'WAt 1921 hours, Emo was informed by BETASOM, retransmitting a signal from Velella (1830/5) reporting a convoy at 35°05' N, 13°05' W, steering 090°, 8 knots. At 2040 hours, Emo received an order from BETASOM to proceed to 35°15' N, 11°45' W.
  5 Jun 1941205535° 24'N, 11° 38'WAt 2055 hours, the submarine Marconi was encountered and exchanged recognition signals.
  5 Jun 1941223035° 25'N, 11° 39'WAt 2230 hours, the submarine Velella was encountered and exchanged recognition signals. At 2327 hours, Emo, proceeding to 35°15' N, 11°45' W, received a signal that Marconi had sighted the convoy in 35°05' N, 11°45' W. Rosselli Lorenzini decided to revert course and move northward to intercept, but sighting nothing he turned to southward. At 0030 hours on the 6th, Marconi now reported convoy in 35°15' N, 11°35' W, steering 090° at 8 knots.
  6 Jun 1941074535° 42'N, 10° 23'WAt 0440 hours, Emo sighted intense firing to the north and turned toward it.
At 0745 hours, the submarine sighted two destroyers of the American type. They turned toward the submarine and she dived immediately to avoid being seen.
  6 Jun 19411400 35° 53'N, 9° 46'W
(e) 35° 54'N, 9° 50'W
At 1016 hours, Emo sighted the smokes of a convoy in 35°45' N, 10°15' W and six minutes later, made an enemy report to BETASOM. The submarine closed to the attack and counted seven steamers escorted by five gunboats.

At 1400 hours, Emo made a submerged attack, firing a pair of bow torpedoes (533mm) from a distance of 1,500 metres aimed each at a steamer. A hit was heard after 90 seconds, followed 5 seconds later by a second one. The two steamers were claimed sunk. This was convoy O.G.63 (Liverpool to Gibraltar). The British steamer Tintern Abbey (2,479 GRT, built 1939) was hit in No.4 hold, by a torpedo which failed to explode but caused a small leak.

Roselli Lorenzini explained that he could not fire a salvo of four torpedoes as he lacked an experienced helmsman and he feared his submarine would break surface.
  6 Jun 1941173035° 00'N, 10° 20'WAt 1730 hours, a large Portuguese fishing vessel was sighted.
  7 Jun 19411155At 1155 hours, Emo received a signal from BETASOM that Brin had reported a convoy in 35°45' N, 15°15' W, steering 250°, 8 knots. Rosselli-Lorenzini declined the order to intercept as he was short of fuel. He was then ordered to remain in his position.
  8 Jun 1941173035° 05'N, 12° 42'WAt 1730 hours, a tanker was sighted and Emo submerged to attack. When the vessel was identified as the Spanish Campas (6,276 GRT, built 1932) the attack was broken off . At 1300 hours on the 9th, the submarine was then ordered by BETASOM to proceed through 38°15' N, 22°55' W then to 43°05' N, 19°05' W. At 0800 hours on the 12th, Emo abandoned her patrol as she was short of fuel.
  12 Jun 1941155337° 20'N, 21° 10'WAt 1553 hours, a steamer, probably neutral,was sighted proceeding at 14 knots toward the Azores. No action was taken. Emo was already short of fuel and could not carry out a chase.

Roselli Lorenzini, Giuseppe17 Aug 19411615Bordeaux17 Aug 19411830Le Verdon40Passage Bordeaux-Le Verdon.

7Roselli Lorenzini, Giuseppe18 Aug 19412047Le Verdon20 Aug 19410948La Pallice200Sailed for Atlantic patrol and return to Mediterranean, but experienced defects and had to turn back.

7bRoselli Lorenzini, Giuseppe20 Aug 19412010La Pallice1 Sep 19410715Naples2401Passage La Pallice-Naples. Passed Gibraltar on 27th August 1941.
  22 Aug 1941213542° 00'N, 12° 00'W
(0) Approximately.
At 2135 hours, a vessel, apparently neutral, was sighted steering 120o, toward El Ferrol. No action was taken.
  23 Aug 1941130440° 38'N, 12° 10'WAt 1304 hours, a signal was received reporting a convoy at 0900 hours in 39°45' N, 10°45' W, steering 135°, 7 knots toward Lisbon. Rosselli-Lorenzini decided to continue his route toward Gibraltar.
  23 Aug 1941230438° 20'N, 12° 10'WAt 2304 hours, a further signal reported that part of the convoy was to be off Cape St. Vincent at 1000 hours on the 24th. Once again, Lorenzini desisted as he felt he could not be off Cape St. Vincent before noon that day. At 0235 hours on the 25th, the submarine sighted star shells in the distance.
  31 Aug 19410722
0618 (e)
39° 00'N, 10° 20'E
(e) 38° 37'N, 9° 18'E
(0) 110° Cape Carbonara - 70 miles.
At 0722 hours, a torpedo wake was sighted. It missed Emo very widely, passing some 1,000 metres astern. This was followed, a short time later, by an explosion. The attack had been carried out by the Dutch submarine HrMs O 21 (Ltz1. J.F. van Dulm). She had fired two torpedoes from 2,200 yards, at a submarine, identified as of the MARCELLO class, steering 070°.

Roselli Lorenzini, Giuseppe17 Sep 19410805Naples17 Sep 19411530Naples38Trials.

Roselli Lorenzini, Giuseppe22 Sep 19411505Naples25 Sep 19410827Pola930Passage Naples-Pola. Uneventful. Sighted only Italian vessels.

Roselli Lorenzini, Giuseppe2 Oct 19410802Pola2 Oct 19411648Pola54Exercises.

Roselli Lorenzini, Giuseppe3 Oct 19411000Pola3 Oct 19411750Pola69Exercises.

Roselli Lorenzini, Giuseppe7 Oct 19411000Pola7 Oct 19411653Pola69Exercises.

Roselli Lorenzini, Giuseppe8 Oct 19411000Pola8 Oct 19411818Pola74Exercises with the submarine Bausan, escorted by the torpedo boat Insidioso and the auxiliary Jadera.

Roselli Lorenzini, Giuseppe10 Oct 19410805Pola10 Oct 19411630Pola52Exercises.

Roselli Lorenzini, Giuseppe14 Oct 19411300Pola15 Oct 19410200Pola85Exercises with the submarine Toti, escorted by the torpedo boat Audace.

Roselli Lorenzini, Giuseppe16 Oct 19411140Pola16 Oct 19412330Pola77Exercises.

Roselli Lorenzini, Giuseppe18 Oct 19410800Pola18 Oct 19411630Pola49Exercises with the submarine Toti, escorted by the auxiliary Morrhua.

Roselli Lorenzini, Giuseppe21 Oct 19411257Pola22 Oct 19410035Pola71Exercises.

Roselli Lorenzini, Giuseppe23 Oct 19410805Pola23 Oct 19411635Pola59Exercises, escorted by the auxiliary Grado.

Roselli Lorenzini, Giuseppe25 Oct 19410802Pola25 Oct 19411709Pola68Exercises, escorted by the auxiliary Morrhua.

Roselli Lorenzini, Giuseppe2 Nov 19410837Pola2 Nov 19411637Pola63Exercises with the submarine Bausan, escorted by the auxiliary Morrhua.

Roselli Lorenzini, Giuseppe3 Nov 19410807Pola3 Nov 19411655Pola62Exercises with the submarine Bausan, escorted by the auxiliary Grado.

Roselli Lorenzini, Giuseppe7 Nov 19410804Pola7 Nov 19411655Pola60Exercises with the submarine Mameli, escorted by the auxiliary San Giorgio.

8Roselli Lorenzini, Giuseppe8 Nov 19410610Pola10 Nov 19410135Pola164Hydrophone watch with the submarine Mameli, to cover an important convoy from Trieste to Venice. Uneventful.

Roselli Lorenzini, Giuseppe11 Nov 19410807Pola11 Nov 19411617Pola64Exercises with the submarine Mameli, escorted by the auxiliary San Giorgio.

Roselli Lorenzini, Giuseppe17 Nov 19410807Pola17 Nov 19411710Pola65Exercises.

Roselli Lorenzini, Giuseppe21 Nov 19410804Pola21 Nov 19411635Pola63Exercises.

Roselli Lorenzini, Giuseppe24 Nov 19410808Pola24 Nov 19411637Pola71Exercises.

Roselli Lorenzini, Giuseppe26 Nov 19410813Pola26 Nov 19411700Pola68Exercises.

Roselli Lorenzini, Giuseppe29 Nov 19410803Pola29 Nov 19411515Pola58Exercises with the submarines Pisani, Toti and Medusa, escorted by the auxiliaries Jadera and Trau.

Roselli Lorenzini, Giuseppe2 Dec 19411645Pola3 Dec 19412305Pola75Exercises.

Roselli Lorenzini, Giuseppe5 Dec 19411632Pola5 Dec 19412330Pola82Exercises, escorted by the torpedo boat Audace.

Roselli Lorenzini, Giuseppe10 Dec 19410800Pola10 Dec 19411715Pola44Exercises with the submarines Mameli, Toti and Pisani, escorted by the auxiliaries Jadera and San Giorgio.

Roselli Lorenzini, Giuseppe11 Dec 19410815Pola11 Dec 19411810Pola60Exercises.

Roselli Lorenzini, Giuseppe13 Dec 19411845Pola15 Dec 19410845Taranto511Passage Pola-Taranto.

9Roselli Lorenzini, Giuseppe20 Dec 19411026Taranto25 Dec 19411940Bardia1016Supply mission to Bardia (61 tons: 14 tons of lubricating oil, 15 tons of ammunition and 32 tons of German food supplies). British Intelligence was aware of the mission through ULTRA decrypt.
  21 Dec 19411115
(0) 170° - Cape Santa Maria di Leuca - 180 miles.
At 1115 hours, a small vessel was sighted at a range of 5,000 metres. Emo dived for a possible attack, should the vessel prove to be enemy. However, as she was doing so, Emo develop a leak and lost control. It was finally checked when she reached a depth of 90 meters.
  21 Dec 1941165536° 42'N, 19° 00'EAt 1655 hours, a derelict mine was sighted and Emo attempted to sink it to provide the machine gun crew with some exercise, but they failed to do so.

9bRoselli Lorenzini, Giuseppe26 Dec 19410537Bardia29 Dec 19410845Suda505Return trip from supply mission to Bardia. Uneventful. Apparently she had a leak which ruined part of her cargo of provisions.

10Roselli Lorenzini, Giuseppe31 Dec 19411730Suda2 Jan 19421852BardiaSupply mission to Bardia (? tons of provisions) but she had not been advised that the town had fallen and came under fire on arrival. Managed to escape and was ordered to return to Suda.
  2 Jan 19421852-1902
(0) Bardia harbour.
At 1852 hours, unaware that the town had fallen in enemy hands, Emo was about to enter harbour when she was fired upon by machine guns and other light guns from all over the bay. The larger coastal guns did not open fire on the submarine, because of the depression. The submarine replied with her light guns but could not distinguish where the enemy fire came from. The helmsman was wounded (shot twice) and Rosselli Lorenzini was slightly injured, but the submarine managed to escape.

10bRoselli Lorenzini, Giuseppe2 Jan 19421902Bardia5 Jan 19420715Suda758,5Return trip (part 1) from aborted supply mission to Bardia [mileage is from 1730 hours on the 31st].
  2 Jan 19421852-1902
(0) Bardia harbour.
At 1852 hours, unaware that the town had fallen in enemy hands, Emo was about to enter harbour when she was fired upon by machine guns and other light guns from all over the bay. The larger coastal guns did not open fire on the submarine, because of the depression. The submarine replied with her light guns but could not distinguish where the enemy fire came from. The helmsman was wounded (shot twice) and Rosselli Lorenzini was slightly injured, but the submarine managed to escape.

10cRoselli Lorenzini, Giuseppe6 Jan 19421700Suda8 Jan 19421255Taranto560Return trip (part 2) from aborted supply mission to Bardia. Uneventful.

Roselli Lorenzini, Giuseppe16 Jan 19421700Taranto18 Jan 19420615Naples492Passage Taranto-Naples.

Vassallo, Salvatore13 Feb 1942Naples4 Mar 1942NaplesRefit in Naples. Change in command.

Franco, Giuseppe3 Apr 19421145Naples3 Apr 19421717Naples24Trials.

Franco, Giuseppe8 Apr 19420843Naples8 Apr 19421653Naples29Exercises with the destroyer Folgore and the torpedo boat Clio.

Franco, Giuseppe9 Apr 19420918Naples9 Apr 19422000Naples48Gyrocompass tests.

Franco, Giuseppe11 Apr 19421710Naples11 Apr 19421910Naples14Trials.

11Franco, Giuseppe14 Apr 19422105Naples5 May 19420835Cagliari2139,6Patrolled northwest of Algiers, between 37°00'N and 37°40'N, and between 02°40'E and 03°00'E. One of the longest Mediterranean patrols for an Italian submarine.
  27 Apr 19420350
(0) Italian Grid 3802/6.
At 0350 hours, Emo received a signal from Velella reporting an enemy submarine and took an intercepting position. Nothing was sighted.
  1 May 19421750+After 1750 hours, Emo received an ordered to assist a German U-boat in difficulty. It was in Italian Grid 4369/6 and was proceeding toward the Spanish coast. This was U-573 (KL Heinrich Heinsohn), which had been damaged by bombs and was later interned in Cartagena. The submarine reached the area at 0601 hours on 2nd May and searched without success until 1400 hours. She was then ordered to return to her patrol area.

Franco, Giuseppe18 May 19421348Cagliari18 May 19421620Cagliari22Trials.

Franco, Giuseppe21 May 19421500Cagliari21 May 19421908Cagliari25Trials.

Franco, Giuseppe29 May 19420822Cagliari29 May 19421130Cagliari24Trials.

12Franco, Giuseppe12 Jun 19421312Cagliari19 Jun 19420535Cagliari1185Operating in western Mediterranean, between 37°40'N and 38°00'N, and between 04°00'E and 04°20'E, in Grid 5893, against enemy forces from Gibraltar, with Acciaio, Bronzo, Acciaio, Otaria and Uarsciek. On the evening of 14th June, she was ordered to an area between 37°00'N and 37°20'N, and between 00°00'E and 00°20'E.
  13 Jun 19421923At 1923 hours, an aircraft was seen and the submarine dived.
  13 Jun 19422018At 2018 hours, an aircraft was seen and the submarine dived.
  15 Jun 1942021537° 19'N, 0° 28'EAt 0215 hours, a submarine was sighted at 2,000 metres but could not be identified or attacked.
  16 Jun 1942130037° 17'N, 0° 21'EDuring the day, noises were heard on the hydrophones on several occasions. At 1300 hours, a destroyer was sighted at a distance of 5,000 metres. At the same time, a cruiser and an aircraft carrier believed to be HMS Eagle as well as other ships at a distance of 8-9,000 metres, steering 270°. Most probably, the aircraft carriers HMS Eagle and HMS Argus, the battleship HMS Malaya, the light cruisers HMS Kenya, HMS Liverpool and HMS Charybdis, screened by destroyers (HMS Onslow, HMS Icarus, HMS Escapade, HMS Antelope, HMS Wishart, HMS Westcott, HMS Wrestler and HMS Vidette). They were carrying out operation HARPOON.
  17 Jun 1942193537° 23'N, 4° 52'E
(0) 061° - Algiers - 90 miles.
At 1250 hours, Emo had been informed that a cruiser and four destroyers were sighted at 0935 hours in Italian Grid 2021/6 (10 miles south of La Galite), steering 270° at 20 knots. The submarine had steered to 116° to intercept. At 1935 hours, two destroyers were observed at 9,000 metres, steering 270° and fighting off an aircraft attack. They disappeared in the distance.

13Franco, Giuseppe22 Jun 19421725Cagliari17 Jul 19421330Cagliari2106,9Patrolled south of Majorca between 37°40'N and 38°00'N, 02°00'E and between 02°20'E. On 26th June, ordered to an area between 37°40'N and 38°20'N, and between 02°20'E and 02°40'E. Sighted only a French ship.
  6 Jul 19420224At 0224 hours, an aircraft believed to be a Sunderland, was sighted on a SW course at 200 metres. Three minutes later, Emo dived.

Franco, Giuseppe8 Aug 19420430Cagliari8 Aug 19421257Cagliari67Exercises.

14Franco, Giuseppe11 Aug 19421745Cagliari17 Aug 19420226Cagliari932,2Operated north of Tunisia, between 37°20'N and 38°00'N, and between 09°20'E and 09°40'E, on a patrol line with Dandolo and Otaria to intercept the PEDESTAL convoy.
  12 Aug 19421633
1634 (e)
37° 52'N, 9° 21'E
(e) 37° 45'N, 10° 03'E
At 1546 hours, Emo had detected noises with her hydrophones and steered toward them. At 1604 hours, the enemy squadron was in sight, bearing 310°. Some twenty-nine vessels were counted, including sixteen merchant ships, an aircraft carrier and perhaps a battleship, steering 70° at 14 knots. The submarine picked the aircraft carrier as a target and proceeded to attack. At 1633 hours, the enemy force altered course to 160°, putting the aircraft carrier out of range. Only a cruiser and destroyers could still be attacked. At 1633 hours, a salvo of four torpedoes, aimed at the cruiser, was fired from the bow tubes at a distance of 1,800 metres. Upon firing, Emo went deep and heard explosions after 107, 140 and 150 seconds. At 1637 hours, two depth charges exploded very close. More depth charges followed until 1740 hours, a few of them close. She escaped by going down to 145 metres.
All three torpedoes had missed. The target appeared to have been the destroyer HMS Tartar, one of the destroyers screening Force 'Z'. It consisted of the aircraft carrier HMS Victorious, the battleships HMS Nelson and HMS Rodney, and other warships. Rodney reported two torpedo tracks passing astern. HMS Zetland dropped depth charges. HMS Tartar and HMS Lookout then hunted the submarine. They alternated their attacks, HMS Tartar dropped five depth charges at 1645 hours, followed by two more patterns of five depth charges. HMS Lookout attacked the same submarine contact with six depth charges at the same time, six more at 1650 hours and one five minutes later. Emo's attack had come from the starboard flank, while at about the same time, Cobalto was being sunk on the port wing.
  13 Aug 1942005837° 40'N, 9° 16'EAt 0058 hours, two destroyers were sighted at 4,000 metres. Emo could not attack because her forward tubes were empty.
  13 Aug 1942061037° 40'N, 9° 16'E
(0) Approximately.
At 0600 hours, the hydrophone picked a contact bearing 115°. At 0610 hours, a submarine was observed. It could not be identified and submerged two minutes later.
  13 Aug 1942112837° 40'N, 9° 16'E
(0) Approximately.
At 1128 hours, a submarine was observed at a distance of 7,000 metres, steering to the northwest. It submerged at 1150 hours.
  13 Aug 1942143837° 54'N, 9° 30'E
(0) Approximately.
At 1438 hours, a submarine of the DANDOLO class was observed through the periscope. At 1501 hours, Emo received an order to intercept an aircraft carrier and proceeded. At 1620 hours, the order was cancelled and she returned to her patrol zone.
  13 Aug 19421915
1934 (e)
37° 54'N, 9° 30'E
(0) Approximately.
At 1915 hours, the submarine Bronzo was encountered and exchanged recognition signals.
  14 Aug 19421905At 1905 hours, Emo received an order to search for a damaged cruiser. The search went on until 1150 hours on the 16th, when Emo was recalled.

Franco, Giuseppe24 Aug 19421937Cagliari25 Aug 19421705Naples286Passage Cagliari-Naples.

Franco, Giuseppe30 Aug 19421525Naples30 Aug 19421710NaplesExercises.

Franco, Giuseppe3 Sep 19421132Naples4 Sep 19420830Cagliari272,5Passage Naples-Cagliari.

Franco, Giuseppe14 Sep 19420757Cagliari14 Sep 19421826Cagliari79Trials.

Franco, Giuseppe30 Sep 19421404Cagliari30 Sep 19421803Cagliari30Exercises.

Franco, Giuseppe9 Oct 19421405Cagliari9 Oct 19421755Cagliari2,5Gyrocompass tests.

Franco, Giuseppe14 Oct 19421400Cagliari14 Oct 19421820Cagliari27,7Exercises.

15Franco, Giuseppe17 Oct 19421800Cagliari31 Oct 19420816Cagliari1711,9Patrolled in Western Mediterranean, between 37°30'N and 38°00'N, 01°40'E and 02°00'E, 40 miles east of Cape Callera (Gulf of Valencia), on a patrol line with Brin. On 26th October, ordered to area between 38°50'N and 39°00'N, 00°40'E and 01°10'E. Sighted only neutral ships.
  20 Oct 19420515At 0515 hours, a submarine on southerly course. Emo turned away.

16Franco, Giuseppe7 Nov 19420250Cagliari10 Nov 19421300 or 1106SunkSailed for patrol off Algerian coast, between 37°40'N and 37°50'N, and between 07°30'E and 08°00'E. On 9th November, ordered to patrol 4 miles off Algiers. Sunk by depth-charges and gunfire from HMT Lord Nuffield in 36°50'N, 02°38'E or 36°50'N, 02°50'E. On her last patrol she was equipped with torpedoes with magnetic pistol (probably G7e).
  10 Nov 1942
1055 (e)

(e) 36° 50'N, 2° 50'E
On the morning of the 10th November, Emo was on the surface when an aircraft was sighted and she dived. Shortly after, her hydrophones picked up turbine noises. At periscope depth, a small vessel believed to be a tug was sighted at long range. This was actually the armed trawler HMT Lord Nuffield. T.V. Franco, assumed that she might be ahead of a convoy, took his submarine deep to get a better listening watch. Propeller noises were then picked up and when Franco came back to periscope depth, to his great surprise he saw the vessel just 30 metres away.

The British vessel had obtained an ASDIC contact at 1020 hours at a range of 1,750 yards and increased speed to her maximum of 9 knots. The Lord Nuffield's crew saw the periscope only 5 feet from the port quarter. At 1030 hours, she dropped a first pattern of five depth charges set at 150 feet as Emo was desperately trying to go deeper. They caused great damage. Water penetrated the hull as she reached a depth of 90-100 metres.

At 1041 hours, the trawler returned for a second run, but briefly lost contact and dropped just one depth charge. However, control of the submarine was being lost and the tanks were blown. Lord Nuffield was coming back for a third attack, when the submarine surfaced 900 yards on her port bow. The submarine tried to escape as Franco ordered his gun crew to action station, but the third 4" shell from the trawler hit the conning tower. T.V. Franco himself, G.M. Gianni and two ratings had managed to man the forward gun and fired off four rounds at the trawler, without causing serious damage. Only one British rating was slightly wounded. The 5th and 6th 4in rounds hit the submarine while the trawler's Oerlikon and machine gun fire swept the casing, making resistance impossible. In all, the trawler fired 13 high explosive 4in rounds and 5 shrapnel shells, claiming 7 hits, plus an undisclosed amount of Oerlikon and machine gun rounds.

At 1100 hours, Franco ordered the destruction of his secret documents and the scuttling of his submarine. At 1106 hours, she sank. Of a crew of fifty-nine, ten were killed (including one officer, S.T.V. G.N. Mario Giacchelli) and forty-nine were picked up, including nine wounded, one of them [Vincenzo Malleo] later died. Italian sources put the number of killed at twelve.

115 entries. 78 total patrol entries (16 marked as war patrols) and 53 events.

Events

GH 09.03.2021: This table kept here until we make fix the possible missing events in table above

CommanderDateTimePositionDescription
Carlo Liannazza4 Jul 19401430(o) About 60 miles east of Gibraltar.At 1430 hours, following several hydrophone noises, Emo came to periscope depth and sighted a naval force consisting of battleships, an aircraft carrier and a number of destroyers on a westerly course. These were certainly Force H with the battle cruiser HMS Hood, the battleships HMS Valiant and HMS Resolution, the aircraft carrier HMS Ark Royal, the light cruisers HMS Enterprise and HMS Arethusa, and eleven destroyers (HMS Faulknor (D.8), HMS Fearless, HMS Forester, HMS Foresight, HMS Escort, HMS Foxhound, HMS Keppel (D.13), HMS Vortigern, HMS Vidette, HMS Active and HMS Wrestler) returning from Operation CATAPULT.
Carlo Liannazza6 Jul 19401450(o) About 75 miles east of Gibraltar.At 1450 hours, Emo observed a British squadron consisting of two battleships (one of them recognised as HMS Hood), one aircraft carrier and five destroyers at a distance of 12-13,000 metres. They had first been detected by hydrophones. The submarine could not close to less than 9,000 metres. At 1450 hours, following several hydrophone noises, Emo came to periscope depth and sighted a naval force consisting of battleships, an aircraft carrier and a number of destroyers on a westerly course.

These were certainly Force H with the battle cruiser HMS Hood, the battleship HMS Valiant, the aircraft carrier HMS Ark Royal, the light cruisers HMS Enterprise and HMS Arethusa, and the destroyers (HMS Faulknor (D.8), HMS Fearless, HMS Forester, HMS Escort, HMS Foxhound, HMS Wishart, HMS Vortigern, HMS Vidette, HMS Active and HMS Wrestler) carrying Operation LEVER.
Carlo Liannazza14 Sep 19400900
0700 GMT (e)
(e) 41.27 N, 21.50 W
At 0830 hours (dawn), a steamer was sighted at 6,000 metres on a northerly course. Emo submerged and closed to the attack. At 0900 hours, the submarine fired a torpedo (533mm, S.I.) at a distance of 4,000 metres. It hit. This was the British St. Agnes (5,191 GRT, built 1918) carrying 7,500 tons of oil seed and general cargo [also reported — in error — as AGRUS], from convoy SLS.46 (Freetown to Methil). She was damaged and made an SOS. Emo trailed her and was close enough to identify her as St. Agnes and observe that she was armed with a 120mm or 152mm gun and a smalller one.

At 1730 hours, the submarine surfaced and opened fire. At 1749 hours, fire was checked after 28 rounds (which caused no visible damage as most failed to detonate) as a second freighter appeared on the scene. Chief Officer C.S. Whitticombe reported that the submarine surfaced twice firing 12 rounds the first time and another 8 rounds the second time. None appeared to hit.

Emo altered course to deal with the newcomer but, at 1830 hours, she was identified as the American Excalibur, and the submarine returned to the first ship.

At 1932 hours, a second torpedo (450mm) was fired from a stern tube. St. Agnes was hit and sank. Her sixty-four (or sixty-three?) survivors were picked up by the American steamer Exochorda (not Excalibur as reported in some documents) and landed in Lisbon.
Carlo Liannazza2 Nov 1940160047.55 N, 10.00 W
At 1600 hours, in heavy weather, the lookout Giuseppe Gobbi was carried away by a wave. Emo turned back to try to recover him but he was never found. Another lookout, Teodoro Caruso, was injured.
Carlo Liannazza3 Nov 1940070047.55 N, 10.00 W
At 0700 hours, a large wave fell over the conning tower and C.C. Carlo Liannazza was thrown heavily against the railing. He was injured apparently with a broken rib. The Executive Officer, T.V. Giuseppe Franco, took over and decided to turn back.
Giuseppe Roselli Lorenzini17 Dec 19401810At 1810 hours, a steamer was sighted at a distance of 8,000 metres and Emo gave chase in heavy seas. However, some ten tons of water entered through the hatch and the attempt was abandoned [note: Italian submarines had to leave the hatch open to ventilate their diesels. The problem was later addressed in Bordeaux].
Giuseppe Roselli Lorenzini20 Dec 19401427
1435 (e)
56.12 N, 19.55 W
(e) 55.30 N, 19.25 W
At 1330 hours, in heavy weather, a steamer was sighted steering 280° on the port beam. Due to the heavy smoke of his diesel engines and the impossibility of maintaining a speed of over 10 knots. C.C. Roselli Lorenzini elected for a submerged attack. The range had dropped to 4,000 metres but the submarine had trouble to keep the trim at periscope depth and its conning tower broke surface.

At 1427 hours, the range had closed to 500-600 metres and a pair of torpedoes (533mm) were fired at the target, a 3-4,000-ton tanker. She was missed, although an explosion was heard after about 5 minutes, followed by another 2 minutes later.

This was the Norwegian tanker Varangberg (2,842 GRT, built 1915) dispersed from convoy OB.260 and on passage from Oban to Freetown. She was then attacked by U-95 (KL Gerd Schreiber) at 1453 and 1457 hours near German grid AL 6176 (55°39' N, 20°05' W), but again escaped.
Giuseppe Roselli Lorenzini27 Dec 19401140At 1140 hours, a warship, probably destroyer, was seen steering 050°. Emo remained on the surface as she was probably too far to be detected.
Giuseppe Roselli Lorenzini9 Mar 1941010450.00 N, 18.00 W
(o) Approximately.
At 0104 hours, Emo was informed that a convoy had been reported y a German aircraf at 1300 hours on the 8th in 53°30'40" N, 14°10'20" W (Italian grid 5689/42) steering 250°, 7 knots.
Giuseppe Roselli Lorenzini9 Mar 19411252
1154 (e)
50.00 N, 18.00 W
(e) 51.53 N, 18.28 W
(o) Approximately.
At 1252 hours, an aircraft was sighted when 2,000 metres away. Emo dived immediately and as she reached a depth of 20 meters, two bombs exploded very twonear, causing some damage. She finally reached 110 meters.

At 1309 hours, two more bombs exploded close and more explosions followed at 1501 hours but the submarine escaped further damages. The aircraft was Sunderland 'J' (P.9604) of 10 Squadron piloted by Squadron leader J. Cohen. He had sighted the U-boat at a distance of 2 miles and turned immediately to the attack. Two depth charges were released on the submerging boat from a height of only 30 feet, set to detonate at 100 and 150 feet. Two additional depth charges were dropped very shortly after and were set to 400 feet. Cohen then directed destroyers to the scene and left after about an hour after the first attack.
Giuseppe Roselli Lorenzini10 Mar 1941001051.40 N, 21.05 W
At 0010 hours, a vessel was observed at 12,000 metres. At first, it was thought to be an auxiliary cruiser, but this was later revised to an aircraft carrier. Emo maneuvered to attack but suddenly sighted a destroyer at 700 meters and the submarine dived immediately, eventually losing contact.
Giuseppe Roselli Lorenzini14 Mar 1941111858.40 N, 23.52 W
At 1118 hours, visibility was poor due to frequent rain squalls, a steamer was observed on a westerly course. Emo maneuvered with the intention of carrying a surface attack during the night, as her attack periscope was defective.

At 1307 hours, she sighted another steamer on an opposite course, zigzagging on a mean course of 090-095°. This was the British steamer Western Chief (5,759 GRT, built 1918) so she switched target to attack her.
Giuseppe Roselli Lorenzini14 Mar 1941230058.52 N, 21.13 W
At 2300 hours, Emo fired one torpedo (450mm, W 200 type) from a stern tube from a distance of 1,200-1,300 metres at the British steamer Western Chief (5,759 GRT, built 1918). The track could not be observed and it missed.

At 2319 hours, a second torpedo (450mm, W 200 type) followed from a stern tube, at a distance of 800-900 metres. It had an irregular course and also missed.

At 2349 hours, a third torpedo (533mm, W 270 type) was fired from 500-600 metres at Western Chief. This time it hit and the vessel sank. Twenty-one survivors were picked up by the Dutch steamer Venus and landed at Ponto Delgada on 26 March.
Giuseppe Roselli Lorenzini16 Mar 1941214759.10 N, 24.25 W
(o) Approximately.
At 2147 hours, a steamer was sighted steering 230°. Emo was not in a position to intercept and dived to avoid being detected.
Giuseppe Roselli Lorenzini19 Mar 19410025
2120/18 GMT (e)
58.10 N, 24.22 W
(e) 58.01 N, 24.25 W
At 1619 hours on 18th March, a steamer was sighted zigzagging on a mean course of 190-200°. Emo maneuvered to intercept after dark.

At 0025 hours on the 19th, in very poor visibility, one torpedo (450mm, W 200 type) was fired. It porpoised and missed. This was the British Clan Maciver (4,606 GRT, built 1921) from convoy O.B.297. The submarine avoided an attempt by the steamer to ram her.

At 0059 hours, Emo opened fire, but after two rounds the vessel managed to escape, the heavy seas, preventing the submarine from chasing her. Clan Maciver initially made a signal that she had been torpedoed, but later cancelled it.
Giuseppe Roselli Lorenzini21 Mar 19411505At 1505 hours, Emo was informed of the presence of a convoy. The submarine altered course to intercept but, at 2103 hours, a correction to the position of the convoy put it much further west. Being short on fuel, Rosselli Lorenzini, decided to return home.
Giuseppe Roselli Lorenzini2 Jun 1941111838.01 N, 11.19 W
At 1118 hours, Emo sighted a steamer steering for Oporto. She was thought to be neutral and was not attacked.
Giuseppe Roselli Lorenzini2 Jun 1941220537.05 N, 11.10 W
At 2205 hours, Emo was informed by BETASOM that a convoy was in 33°45' N, 10°45" W, steering 090° at 8 knots, but it was too far to intercept.
Giuseppe Roselli Lorenzini5 Jun 1941130336.10 N, 11.35 W
At 1305 hours, Emo was informed by BETASOM that a convoy had sailed from Gibraltar at 1200 hours on the 4th, on westward passage. The submarine turned south to intercept.
Giuseppe Roselli Lorenzini5 Jun 1941192136.10 N, 11.15 W
At 1921 hours, Emo was informed by BETASOM, retransmitting a signal from Velella (1830/5) reporting a convoy at 35°05' N, 13°05' W, steering 090°, 8 knots. At 2040 hours, Emo received an order from BETASOM to proceed to 35°15' N, 11°45' W.
Giuseppe Roselli Lorenzini5 Jun 1941205535.24 N, 11.38 W
At 2055 hours, the submarine Marconi was encountered and exchanged recognition signals.
Giuseppe Roselli Lorenzini5 Jun 1941223035.25 N, 11.39 W
At 2230 hours, the submarine Velella was encountered and exchanged recognition signals. At 2327 hours, Emo, proceeding to 35°15' N, 11°45' W, received a signal that Marconi had sighted the convoy in 35°05' N, 11°45' W. Rosselli Lorenzini decided to revert course and move northward to intercept, but sighting nothing he turned to southward. At 0030 hours on the 6th, Marconi now reported convoy in 35°15' N, 11°35' W, steering 090° at 8 knots.
Giuseppe Roselli Lorenzini6 Jun 1941074535.42 N, 10.23 W
At 0440 hours, Emo sighted intense firing to the north and turned toward it.
At 0745 hours, the submarine sighted two destroyers of the American type. They turned toward the submarine and she dived immediately to avoid being seen.
Giuseppe Roselli Lorenzini6 Jun 19411400 35.53 N, 09.46 W
(e) 35.54 N, 09.50 W
At 1016 hours, Emo sighted the smokes of a convoy in 35°45' N, 10°15' W and six minutes later, made an enemy report to BETASOM. The submarine closed to the attack and counted seven steamers escorted by five gunboats.

At 1400 hours, Emo made a submerged attack, firing a pair of bow torpedoes (533mm) from a distance of 1,500 metres aimed each at a steamer. A hit was heard after 90 seconds, followed 5 seconds later by a second one. The two steamers were claimed sunk. This was convoy O.G.63 (Liverpool to Gibraltar). The British steamer Tintern Abbey (2,479 GRT, built 1939) was hit in No.4 hold, by a torpedo which failed to explode but caused a small leak.

Roselli Lorenzini explained that he could not fire a salvo of four torpedoes as he lacked an experienced helmsman and he feared his submarine would break surface.
Giuseppe Roselli Lorenzini6 Jun 1941173035.00 N, 10.20 W
At 1730 hours, a large Portuguese fishing vessel was sighted.
Giuseppe Roselli Lorenzini7 Jun 19411155At 1155 hours, Emo received a signal from BETASOM that Brin had reported a convoy in 35°45' N, 15°15' W, steering 250°, 8 knots. Rosselli-Lorenzini declined the order to intercept as he was short of fuel. He was then ordered to remain in his position.
Giuseppe Roselli Lorenzini8 Jun 1941173035.05 N, 12.42 W
At 1730 hours, a tanker was sighted and Emo submerged to attack. When the vessel was identified as the Spanish Campas (6,276 GRT, built 1932) the attack was broken off . At 1300 hours on the 9th, the submarine was then ordered by BETASOM to proceed through 38°15' N, 22°55' W then to 43°05' N, 19°05' W. At 0800 hours on the 12th, Emo abandoned her patrol as she was short of fuel.
Giuseppe Roselli Lorenzini12 Jun 1941155337.20 N, 21.10 W
At 1553 hours, a steamer, probably neutral,was sighted proceeding at 14 knots toward the Azores. No action was taken. Emo was already short of fuel and could not carry out a chase.
Giuseppe Roselli Lorenzini22 Aug 1941213542.00 N, 12.00 W
(o) Approximately.
At 2135 hours, a vessel, apparently neutral, was sighted steering 120o, toward El Ferrol. No action was taken.
Giuseppe Roselli Lorenzini23 Aug 1941130440.38 N, 12.10 W
At 1304 hours, a signal was received reporting a convoy at 0900 hours in 39°45' N, 10°45' W, steering 135°, 7 knots toward Lisbon. Rosselli-Lorenzini decided to continue his route toward Gibraltar.
Giuseppe Roselli Lorenzini23 Aug 1941230438.20 N, 12.10 W
At 2304 hours, a further signal reported that part of the convoy was to be off Cape St. Vincent at 1000 hours on the 24th. Once again, Lorenzini desisted as he felt he could not be off Cape St. Vincent before noon that day. At 0235 hours on the 25th, the submarine sighted star shells in the distance.
Giuseppe Roselli Lorenzini31 Aug 19410722
0618 (e)
39.00 N, 10.20 E
(e) 38.37 N, 09.18 E
(o) 110° Cape Carbonara - 70 miles.
At 0722 hours, a torpedo wake was sighted. It missed Emo very widely, passing some 1,000 metres astern. This was followed, a short time later, by an explosion. The attack had been carried out by the Dutch submarine HrMs O 21 (Ltz1. J.F. van Dulm). She had fired two torpedoes from 2,200 yards, at a submarine, identified as of the MARCELLO class, steering 070°.
Giuseppe Roselli Lorenzini21 Dec 19411115(o) 170° - Cape Santa Maria di Leuca - 180 miles.At 1115 hours, a small vessel was sighted at a range of 5,000 metres. Emo dived for a possible attack, should the vessel prove to be enemy. However, as she was doing so, Emo develop a leak and lost control. It was finally checked when she reached a depth of 90 meters.
Giuseppe Roselli Lorenzini21 Dec 1941165536.42 N, 19.00 E
At 1655 hours, a derelict mine was sighted and Emo attempted to sink it to provide the machine gun crew with some exercise, but they failed to do so.
Giuseppe Roselli Lorenzini2 Jan 19421852-1902(o) Bardia harbour.At 1852 hours, unaware that the town had fallen in enemy hands, Emo was about to enter harbour when she was fired upon by machine guns and other light guns from all over the bay. The larger coastal guns did not open fire on the submarine, because of the depression. The submarine replied with her light guns but could not distinguish where the enemy fire came from. The helmsman was wounded (shot twice) and Rosselli Lorenzini was slightly injured, but the submarine managed to escape.
Giuseppe Franco27 Apr 19420350(o) Italian Grid 3802/6.At 0350 hours, Emo received a signal from Velella reporting an enemy submarine and took an intercepting position. Nothing was sighted.
Giuseppe Franco1 May 19421750+After 1750 hours, Emo received an ordered to assist a German U-boat in difficulty. It was in Italian Grid 4369/6 and was proceeding toward the Spanish coast. This was U-573 (KL Heinrich Heinsohn), which had been damaged by bombs and was later interned in Cartagena. The submarine reached the area at 0601 hours on 2nd May and searched without success until 1400 hours. She was then ordered to return to her patrol area.
Giuseppe Franco13 Jun 19421923At 1923 hours, an aircraft was seen and the submarine dived.
Giuseppe Franco13 Jun 19422018At 2018 hours, an aircraft was seen and the submarine dived.
Giuseppe Franco15 Jun 1942021537.19 N, 00.28 E
At 0215 hours, a submarine was sighted at 2,000 metres but could not be identified or attacked.
Giuseppe Franco16 Jun 1942130037.17 N, 00.21 E
During the day, noises were heard on the hydrophones on several occasions. At 1300 hours, a destroyer was sighted at a distance of 5,000 metres. At the same time, a cruiser and an aircraft carrier believed to be HMS Eagle as well as other ships at a distance of 8-9,000 metres, steering 270°. Most probably, the aircraft carriers HMS Eagle and HMS Argus, the battleship HMS Malaya, the light cruisers HMS Kenya, HMS Liverpool and HMS Charybdis, screened by destroyers (HMS Onslow, HMS Icarus, HMS Escapade, HMS Antelope, HMS Wishart, HMS Westcott, HMS Wrestler and HMS Vidette). They were carrying out operation HARPOON.
Giuseppe Franco17 Jun 1942193537.23 N, 04.52 E
(o) 061° - Algiers - 90 miles.
At 1250 hours, Emo had been informed that a cruiser and four destroyers were sighted at 0935 hours in Italian Grid 2021/6 (10 miles south of La Galite), steering 270° at 20 knots. The submarine had steered to 116° to intercept. At 1935 hours, two destroyers were observed at 9,000 metres, steering 270° and fighting off an aircraft attack. They disappeared in the distance.
Giuseppe Franco6 Jul 19420224At 0224 hours, an aircraft believed to be a Sunderland, was sighted on a SW course at 200 metres. Three minutes later, Emo dived.
Giuseppe Franco12 Aug 19421633
1634 (e)
37.52 N, 09.21 E
(e) 37.45 N, 10.03 E
At 1546 hours, Emo had detected noises with her hydrophones and steered toward them. At 1604 hours, the enemy squadron was in sight, bearing 310°. Some twenty-nine vessels were counted, including sixteen merchant ships, an aircraft carrier and perhaps a battleship, steering 70° at 14 knots. The submarine picked the aircraft carrier as a target and proceeded to attack. At 1633 hours, the enemy force altered course to 160°, putting the aircraft carrier out of range. Only a cruiser and destroyers could still be attacked. At 1633 hours, a salvo of four torpedoes, aimed at the cruiser, was fired from the bow tubes at a distance of 1,800 metres. Upon firing, Emo went deep and heard explosions after 107, 140 and 150 seconds. At 1637 hours, two depth charges exploded very close. More depth charges followed until 1740 hours, a few of them close. She escaped by going down to 145 metres.
All three torpedoes had missed. The target appeared to have been the destroyer HMS Tartar, one of the destroyers screening Force 'Z'. It consisted of the aircraft carrier HMS Victorious, the battleships HMS Nelson and HMS Rodney, and other warships. Rodney reported two torpedo tracks passing astern. HMS Zetland dropped depth charges. HMS Tartar and HMS Lookout then hunted the submarine. They alternated their attacks, HMS Tartar dropped five depth charges at 1645 hours, followed by two more patterns of five depth charges. HMS Lookout attacked the same submarine contact with six depth charges at the same time, six more at 1650 hours and one five minutes later. Emo's attack had come from the starboard flank, while at about the same time, Cobalto was being sunk on the port wing.
Giuseppe Franco13 Aug 1942005837.40 N, 09.16 E
At 0058 hours, two destroyers were sighted at 4,000 metres. Emo could not attack because her forward tubes were empty.
Giuseppe Franco13 Aug 1942061037.40 N, 09.16 E
(o) Approximately.
At 0600 hours, the hydrophone picked a contact bearing 115°. At 0610 hours, a submarine was observed. It could not be identified and submerged two minutes later.
Giuseppe Franco13 Aug 1942112837.40 N, 09.16 E
(o) Approximately.
At 1128 hours, a submarine was observed at a distance of 7,000 metres, steering to the northwest. It submerged at 1150 hours.
Giuseppe Franco13 Aug 1942143837.54.5 N, 09.30 E
(o) Approximately.
At 1438 hours, a submarine of the DANDOLO class was observed through the periscope. At 1501 hours, Emo received an order to intercept an aircraft carrier and proceeded. At 1620 hours, the order was cancelled and she returned to her patrol zone.
Giuseppe Franco13 Aug 19421915
1934 (e)
37.54.5 N, 09.30 E
(o) Approximately.
At 1915 hours, the submarine Bronzo was encountered and exchanged recognition signals.
Giuseppe Franco14 Aug 19421905At 1905 hours, Emo received an order to search for a damaged cruiser. The search went on until 1150 hours on the 16th, when Emo was recalled.
Giuseppe Franco20 Oct 19420515At 0515 hours, a submarine on southerly course. Emo turned away.
Giuseppe Franco10 Nov 1942
1055 (e)
(e) 36.50 N, 02.38 E
On the morning of the 10th November, Emo was on the surface when an aircraft was sighted and she dived. Shortly after, her hydrophones picked up turbine noises. At periscope depth, a small vessel believed to be a tug was sighted at long range. This was actually the armed trawler HMT Lord Nuffield. T.V. Franco, assumed that she might be ahead of a convoy, took his submarine deep to get a better listening watch. Propeller noises were then picked up and when Franco came back to periscope depth, to his great surprise he saw the vessel just 30 metres away.

The British vessel had obtained an ASDIC contact at 1020 hours at a range of 1,750 yards and increased speed to her maximum of 9 knots. The Lord Nuffield's crew saw the periscope only 5 feet from the port quarter. At 1030 hours, she dropped a first pattern of five depth charges set at 150 feet as Emo was desperately trying to go deeper. They caused great damage. Water penetrated the hull as she reached a depth of 90-100 metres.

At 1041 hours, the trawler returned for a second run, but briefly lost contact and dropped just one depth charge. However, control of the submarine was being lost and the tanks were blown. Lord Nuffield was coming back for a third attack, when the submarine surfaced 900 yards on her port bow. The submarine tried to escape as Franco ordered his gun crew to action station, but the third 4" shell from the trawler hit the conning tower. T.V. Franco himself, G.M. Gianni and two ratings had managed to man the forward gun and fired off four rounds at the trawler, without causing serious damage. Only one British rating was slightly wounded. The 5th and 6th 4in rounds hit the submarine while the trawler's Oerlikon and machine gun fire swept the casing, making resistance impossible. In all, the trawler fired 13 high explosive 4in rounds and 5 shrapnel shells, claiming 7 hits, plus an undisclosed amount of Oerlikon and machine gun rounds.

At 1100 hours, Franco ordered the destruction of his secret documents and the scuttling of his submarine. At 1106 hours, she sank. Of a crew of fifty-nine, ten were killed (including one officer, S.T.V. G.N. Mario Giacchelli) and forty-nine were picked up, including nine wounded, one of them [Vincenzo Malleo] later died. Italian sources put the number of killed at twelve.

All Italian submarines