Italian submarines in World War Two
|Type||Coastal / Sea going|
|Laid down||27 Sep 1935||Cantieri Riuniti dell'Adriatico, Monfalcone|
|Launched||19 Jul 1936|
|Commissioned||21 Sep 1936|
|Stricken||1 Feb 1948|
|History||Stricken on 1st February 1948.|
|Commander||Date from||Date to||Command notes|
|C.C. Gustavo Miniero||1 Jan 1940||5 Dec 1940|
|T.V. Pier Vincenzo Di Domenico||5 Dec 1940||27 Oct 1941|
|C.C. Giovanni Cunsolo||28 Oct 1941||30 Nov 1941|
|T.V. Pier Vincenzo Di Domenico||1 Dec 1941||20 Jun 1942|
|S.T.V. Sergio Parodi||21 Jun 1942||15 Jul 1942|
|T.V. Giandaniele Asquini||15 Jul 1942||30 Apr 1943|
|T.V. Aredio Galzigna||1 May 1943||21 Aug 1943|
|T.V. Eugenio Parodi||21 Aug 1943||11 Dec 1943|
|S.T.V. Giorgio Mogni||12 Dec 1943||31 Mar 1944|
|C.C. Renato Frascolla||1 Apr 1944||13 Sep 1944|
|C.C. Marco Revedin||14 Sep 1944||22 Nov 1944|
|T.V. Emilio Botta||23 Nov 1944||Aug 1945|
Ships hitNo ships hit by this submarine.
Patrols and events
|Commander||Date||Time||Port||Arr. date||Arr. time||Arr. port||Miles||Description|
|1||Miniero, Gustavo||9 Jun 1940||2002||Cagliari||21 Jun 1940||2005||Cagliari||1052||Sailed to form a patrol line (S2) on the Cape Teulada meridian:|
Axum - 15 miles south of the Cape.
Turchese - 35 miles south of the Cape.
Adua - 55 miles south of the Cape.
Aradam - 75 miles south of the Cape.
On 13th June, ordered to Gulf of Lyons and patrolled 15 miles east of Cape Creus until the evening of 19th June.
|21 Jun 1940||1015|
(0) Italian Grid 0261 or northeast of Balearic Islands.
|At 1015 hours, three small warships were sighted at a distance of 20,000 metres. Turchese closed to 14,000 metres and identified them as a large enemy force. She gave up the chase at 1148 hours.|
The were probably the large destroyers of the French 8th DCT (Division de Contre-Torpilleurs), which at that time, were the fastest warships in the World.
|2||Miniero, Gustavo||3 Jul 1940||1416||Cagliari||6 Jul 1940||1200||Cagliari||262||Sailed with Aradam and patrolled between Bone and Cape de Fer in 37°54'N, 07°40'E, on a patrol line with Aradam, Axum and Alagi.|
|3||Miniero, Gustavo||9 Jul 1940||0057||Cagliari||12 Jul 1940||1105||Cagliari||354||Patrolled between La Galite and Tunisia in 37°50'N, 09°40'E.|
|12 Jul 1940||0325||38° 24'N, 9° 19'E||At 0225 hours, an illuminated vessel was sighted by the First Officer who was Officer of the Watch. Turchese closed on her electric motors to avoid revealing her presence. It was thought that the vessel behaved strangely and was perhaps an enemy vessel on a minelaying mission.|
At 0325 hours, one torpedo (533mm) was fired from a bow tube at a range of 500 metres. The phosphorescent wake appeared to hit amidships but it passed under the target.
At 0326 hours, a second torpedo (533mm) was fired from a bow tube at the same range with the same result. C.C. Gustavo Miniero intended to renew the action with a third torpedo and gunfire. However, at 0335 hours, the submarine had a violent shock with a metallic object, followed three minutes later by a second one more violent than the first. At 0410 hours, the action was broken off.
No British warships appear to have operated in the area at the time. The target was probably a neutral vessel.
|4||Miniero, Gustavo||1 Aug 1940||0100||Cagliari||9 Aug 1940||1140||La Maddalena||1342||Patrolled south of Balearic Islands in 37°25'N, 06°30'E. Uneventful.|
|Miniero, Gustavo||23 Aug 1940||0100||La Maddalena||28 Aug 1940||1140||Pola||1054||Passage La Maddalena-Pola.|
|Miniero, Gustavo||30 Aug 1940||0545||Pola||30 Aug 1940||1230||Monfalcone||74||Passage Pola-Monfalcone.|
|Miniero, Gustavo||9 Nov 1940||0918||Monfalcone||9 Nov 1940||1610||Monfalcone||40||Exercises.|
|Miniero, Gustavo||22 Nov 1940||0930||Monfalcone||22 Nov 1940||1550||Monfalcone||44||Exercises.|
|Miniero, Gustavo||24 Nov 1940||0933||Monfalcone||24 Nov 1940||1640||Pola||74||Passage Monfalcone-Pola.|
|Miniero, Gustavo||29 Nov 1940||0903||Pola||29 Nov 1940||0953||Pola||5||Exercises?|
|Miniero, Gustavo||2 Dec 1940||0910||Pola||2 Dec 1940||1745||Fiume||63||Passage Pola-Fiume, diving exercises to 60 meters, escorted by submarine Galatea.|
|Di Domenico, Pier Vincenzo||5 Dec 1940||1212||Fiume||5 Dec 1940||1635||Fiume||18||Diving exercises to 60 meters.|
|Di Domenico, Pier Vincenzo||6 Dec 1940||0836||Fiume||6 Dec 1940||1436||Pola||63||Passage Fiume-Pola.|
|Di Domenico, Pier Vincenzo||7 Dec 1940||1410||Pola||7 Dec 1940||1440||Pola||?||Changed anchorage.|
|Di Domenico, Pier Vincenzo||9 Dec 1940||0805||Pola||9 Dec 1940||1725||Pola||61||Exercises, escorted by the auxiliary Laurana.|
|Di Domenico, Pier Vincenzo||11 Dec 1940||0800||Pola||11 Dec 1940||1715||Pola||57||Exercises.|
|Di Domenico, Pier Vincenzo||12 Dec 1940||0820||Pola||12 Dec 1940||1425||Pola||14||Gyrocompass tests.|
|Di Domenico, Pier Vincenzo||13 Dec 1940||0810||Pola||13 Dec 1940||1710||Pola||57||Sailed with the submarine Fieramosca, escorted by the tug Tenace, for torpedo firing exercises with the torpedo boat Audace.|
|Di Domenico, Pier Vincenzo||14 Dec 1940||1418||Pola||14 Dec 1940||1435||Pola||?||Changed anchorage.|
|Di Domenico, Pier Vincenzo||26 Dec 1940||1940||Pola||28 Dec 1940||1415||Brindisi||370||Passage Pola-Brindisi.|
|5||Di Domenico, Pier Vincenzo||30 Dec 1940||1000||Brindisi||10 Jan 1941||1730||Brindisi||887||Patrolled south of Strait of Otranto and west of Corfu, in 39°30'N, 19°10'E. Uneventful, only heard H.E.|
|Di Domenico, Pier Vincenzo||21 Jan 1941||1005||Brindisi||21 Jan 1941||1114||Brindisi||1||Changed anchorage?|
|Di Domenico, Pier Vincenzo||22 Jan 1941||0900||Brindisi||22 Jan 1941||1230||Brindisi||18||Exercises|
|Di Domenico, Pier Vincenzo||29 Jan 1941||0842||Brindisi||29 Jan 1941||1230||Brindisi||18||Exercises.|
|6||Di Domenico, Pier Vincenzo||30 Jan 1941||1000||Brindisi||10 Feb 1941||1815||Brindisi||908||Patrolled off Albanian coast, within 10 miles from 39°10'N, 19°20'E. Uneventful except for H.E.|
|7||Di Domenico, Pier Vincenzo||21 Feb 1941||1300||Brindisi||4 Mar 1941||1450||Brindisi||985||Patrolled west of Corfu within 10 miles from 39°10'N, 19°20'E. Uneventful.|
|Di Domenico, Pier Vincenzo||15 Mar 1941||2200||Brindisi||16 Mar 1941||1735||Crotone||179||Passage Brindisi-Crotone.|
|Di Domenico, Pier Vincenzo||20 Mar 1941||1400||Crotone||22 Mar 1941||1730||Cagliari||485||Passage Crotone-Cagliari. Uneventful.|
|20 Mar 1941||On this date, some sources claim that Turchese carried out an attack an enemy destroyer and was depth charged. This is an error and is not recorded in her report.|
|Di Domenico, Pier Vincenzo||31 Mar 1941||0800||Cagliari||31 Mar 1941||1215||Cagliari||31||Exercises.|
|8||Di Domenico, Pier Vincenzo||3 Apr 1941||1250||Cagliari||9 Apr 1941||1715||Cagliari||552||Patrolled north of Cape Blanc (Tunisia), within 20 miles from 37°30'N, 09°50'E, on a patrol line with Corallo. Uneventful, sighted only French ships.|
|Di Domenico, Pier Vincenzo||18 Apr 1941||2000||Cagliari||20 Apr 1941||1000||Messina||360||Passage Cagliari-Messina.|
|9||Di Domenico, Pier Vincenzo||21 Apr 1941||1856||Messina||7 May 1941||1440||Leros||1451||Patrolled off Mersa Matruh and Gulf of Sollum, within 20 miles from 32°10'N, 27°30'E on a NE-SW axis.|
|30 Apr 1941||1727|
|At 1727 hours, Turchese was on a hydrophone watch, proceeding submerged, when suddenly she was shaken by two explosions believed to be from aircraft bombs. This was followed at 1842 hours, by eight more explosions and still more until 1940 hours. The submarine escaped by diving to 90-95 meters. Explosions were also heard the next day, but a distance. The diesel engines developed defects on 3rd May, perhaps due to the depth-charging, so the patrol was abandoned.|
This was most likely an attack by the destroyers HMS Juno and HMS Jaguar who claimed the submarine probably sunk. HMS Juno was damaged by the premature explosion of a depth-charge and had five killed and eleven wounded.
|Di Domenico, Pier Vincenzo||19 May 1941||0950||Leros||19 May 1941||1048||Leros||?||Changed anchorage?|
|Di Domenico, Pier Vincenzo||26 May 1941||0805||Leros||26 May 1941||1219||Leros||23||Exercises.|
|Di Domenico, Pier Vincenzo||27 May 1941||0738||Leros||27 May 1941||1043||Leros||3||Trials.|
|10||Di Domenico, Pier Vincenzo||31 May 1941||0320||Leros||8 Jun 1941||1435||Taranto||1040||Patrolled south of Kupho Island (southeast of Crete), within 20 miles from 33°50'N, 26°00'E. Returned to Taranto because of mechanical defects.|
|5 Jun 1941||2043|
(0) 20 miles SW of Cape Krio (Crete).
|At 2043 hours, a submarine was sighted at a distance of 2,000 metres. As Turchese was submerging, the submarine was recognized as Italian. This was Smeraldo.|
|Di Domenico, Pier Vincenzo||20 Jun 1941||1445||Taranto||20 Jun 1941||1750||Taranto||2||Gyrocompass tests.|
|Di Domenico, Pier Vincenzo||24 Jun 1941||1000||Taranto||24 Jun 1941||1010||Taranto||?||Changed anchorage.|
|Di Domenico, Pier Vincenzo||21 Aug 1941||1149||Taranto||21 Aug 1941||1930||Taranto||29||Trials, escorted by the pilot vessel Limbara.|
|Di Domenico, Pier Vincenzo||23 Aug 1941||1414||Taranto||23 Aug 1941||1624||Taranto||2||Gyrocompass tests.|
|Di Domenico, Pier Vincenzo||24 Aug 1941||0842||Taranto||24 Aug 1941||1752||Taranto||63||Exercises.|
|Di Domenico, Pier Vincenzo||27 Aug 1941||0805||Taranto||27 Aug 1941||1710||Taranto||60||Exercises.|
|Di Domenico, Pier Vincenzo||29 Aug 1941||1100||Taranto||29 Aug 1941||1810||Taranto||33||Exercises with the torpedo boat Altair.|
|Di Domenico, Pier Vincenzo||1 Sep 1941||0855||Taranto||2 Sep 1941||1210||Messina||255||Passage Taranto-Messina.|
|Di Domenico, Pier Vincenzo||3 Sep 1941||1900||Messina||5 Sep 1941||0707||Cagliari||351||Passage Messina-Cagliari.|
|Di Domenico, Pier Vincenzo||9 Sep 1941||0730||Cagliari||9 Sep 1941||1355||Cagliari||26||Exercises.|
|11||Di Domenico, Pier Vincenzo||11 Sep 1941||1340||Cagliari||16 Sep 1941||0933||Cagliari||685||Patrolled north of Cape Bougaroni, in 38°00'N, 06°00'E, then, on 14th September was ordered to 38°10'N, 04°00'E. Uneventful.|
|Di Domenico, Pier Vincenzo||22 Sep 1941||0708||Cagliari||22 Sep 1941||1224||Cagliari||35||Exercises with the submarines Serpente and Adua, escorted by the torpedo boat Abba and the minesweeper Balear.|
|12||Di Domenico, Pier Vincenzo||23 Sep 1941||1900||Cagliari||4 Oct 1941||2225||Cagliari||1258||Patrolled South of Balearic Islands between Cape Palos and Cape Caxine, between 36°50'N (or 36°30'N?) and 37°30'N, and between 00°20'E and 00°40'E, on a patrol line with Adua.|
|30 Sep 1941||1039||36° 49'N, 0° 24'E||At 0503 hours, information was received that, at 0350 hours, the submarine Adua had sighted a squadron of eleven destroyers. However, it appeared this force would pass much farther north of Turchese.|
At 1017 hours, smokes were sighted at a distance of 14,000 metres.
At 1039 hours, Turchese had closed to 6,000 metres and two cruisers of the ARETHUSA class and two destroyers could be made out.
At 1110 hours, the submarine was at a depth of 19 metres, when six explosions were heard near the submarine. Turchese was taken down to 40 metres. At 1339 hours, the hydrophone noises had ceased.
These were probably HMS Gurkha and HMS Legion, screening Force H and returning from operation HALBERD. They were shortly to sink Adua.
|2 Oct 1941||0650||37° 15'N, 3° 12'E||At 0650 hours, a submarine was sighted at a distance of 2,000 metres. It was probably Italian. Visibility was poor and Turchese took avoiding action.|
|Di Domenico, Pier Vincenzo||15 Oct 1941||0805||Cagliari||15 Oct 1941||1230||Cagliari||30||Exercises.|
|13||Di Domenico, Pier Vincenzo||16 Oct 1941||2340||Cagliari||21 Oct 1941||1116||Cagliari||552||Patrolled off Cape de Fer, with the submarines Alagi, Aradam, Serpente and Diaspro between 37°40'N and 37°50'N (or 37°10'N and 37°20'N?), and between 06°40'E and 07°20'E. Uneventful. Sighted only French ships.|
|Di Domenico, Pier Vincenzo||27 Oct 1941||1310||Cagliari||27 Oct 1941||1615||Cagliari||15||Exercises, escorted by the minesweeper Balear.|
|14||Cunsolo, Giovanni||11 Nov 1941||1830||Cagliari||17 Nov 1941||1610||Cagliari||672||Patrolled between Cape Bon and Ras Mustafa in zone K.1, between 37°12'N and Tunisian coast, and between 06°20'E and 06°30'E, on a patrol line with Axum, Alagi and Aradam.|
|13 Nov 1941||0600|
(0) 000° - Cape Blanc - 8 miles.
|At 0600 hours, an illuminated freighter was sighted. Turchese closed to 6,000 meters and observed the vessel proceeding to Bizerta. The submarine in the following days sighted only French or Italian vessels.|
|15||Di Domenico, Pier Vincenzo||18 Dec 1941||2025||Cagliari||25 Dec 1941||1630||Cagliari||763||Patrolled off Cape Bougaroni, between 37°30'N and Algerian coast, and between 06°20'E and 06°30'E. Sighted only French ships.|
|19 Dec 1941||0940||38° 05'N, 7° 47'E||At 0940 hours, a German U-boat (possibly U-74), sighted at a distance of 3,000 metres, made an unintelligible signal. Turchese proceeded on her course.|
|21 Dec 1941||0124||37° 21'N, 6° 22'E||At 0124 hours, a steamer believed to be French was sighted.|
|22 Dec 1941||0255||37° 32'N, 6° 28'E||At 0124 hours, a steamer believed to be French was sighted.|
|23 Dec 1941||1705||37° 21'N, 6° 26'E||At 1445 hours, hydrophone noises were heard bearing 248°. The direction varied considerably. Turchese steered toward them.|
At 1705 hours, two cruisers of the NEWCASTLE class and four destroyers of the JERVIS class were sighted at a distance of 12,000 metres, proceeding at 25 knots. The submarine could not close to less than 7,000 meters.
These were probably HMS Dido and the destroyers HMAS Nestor, HMS Zulu, HMS Gurkha, HMS Arrow and HMS Foxhound.
|16||Di Domenico, Pier Vincenzo||1 Jan 1942||2000||Cagliari||2 Jan 1942||1650||Trapani||Sailed for patrol with Axum, Alagi and Aradam, between 34°20'N and 34°40'N, and between 14°00'E and 14°40'E, on a line 60-100 miles south of Malta. Diverted to Trapani because of defects.|
|16b||Di Domenico, Pier Vincenzo||2 Jan 1942||1900||Trapani||8 Jan 1942||1940||Cagliari||1027||Sailed for patrol with Axum, Alagi and Aradam, between 34°20'N and 34°40'N, and between 14°00'E and 14°40'E on a line 60-100 miles south of Malta via 35°00'N, 13°00'E.|
|Di Domenico, Pier Vincenzo||16 Jan 1942||1345||Cagliari||16 Jan 1942||1715||Cagliari||14||Trials.|
|17||Di Domenico, Pier Vincenzo||28 Jan 1942||1420||Cagliari||28 Jan 1942||1930||Cagliari||46||Sailed for patrol with Alagi, Aradam, Brin and Axum, between 37°30'N and 38°00'N, and between 07°00'E and 07°10'E but was recalled at 1646 hours on the 28th.|
|Di Domenico, Pier Vincenzo||3 Feb 1942||1225||Cagliari||3 Feb 1942||1735||Cagliari||33||Exercises.|
|18||Di Domenico, Pier Vincenzo||9 Feb 1942||1535||Cagliari||21 Feb 1942||1110||Cagliari||1143||Patrolled off Philippeville, between 37°30'N and 38°00'N, and between 06°00'E and 06°10'E, on a line with Aradam and Axum.|
|11 Feb 1942||1500||At 1500 hours, a submarine on a westerly course was sighted. It was believed to be Benedetto Brin.|
|19||Di Domenico, Pier Vincenzo||27 Feb 1942||1238||Cagliari||4 Mar 1942||1630||Cagliari||765||Patrolled off Algerian coast between 37°20'N and 37°30'N, 03°40'E and 04°40'E, on a line with Axum, Aradam and Brin. Sighted only French ships.|
|20||Di Domenico, Pier Vincenzo||27 Mar 1942||2205||Cagliari||2 Apr 1942||0938||Cagliari||643||Patrolled off Cape Bougaroni, between 37°10'N and 37°20'N, and between 05°20'E and 06°20'E, on a line with Aradam.|
|30 Mar 1942||1712||37° 25'N, 6° 29'E||At 1712 hours, an aircraft was seen at a distance of 7,000 metres and Turchese dived. At the time, the submarine was proceeding to intercept an enemy cruiser reported SE of La Galite, at 2009 hours. It was believed that the cruiser had passed some ten miles away.|
|1 Apr 1942||0300|
|37° 40'N, 6° 26'E||At 0300 hours, a large seaplane, believed to be a Catalina, was sighted a distance of 1,000 metres. Turchese crash-dived as five bombs exploded, but they caused only minor damages.|
Indeed, this was Catalina 'J' (AJ.160) of 202 Squadron piloted by Flying Officer I.F. Edgar. The submarine had first been detected by radar at 8 miles and then sighted steering 075°. The attack was delivered from a height of 75 feet, as the submarine submerged. Seven depth charges were released (an 8th hung up) and a large oil slick was observed.
|21||Di Domenico, Pier Vincenzo||4 Apr 1942||0118||Cagliari||11 Apr 1942||0850||Cagliari||674||Patrolled north of Cape Bon in zone K.1 (between 37°12'N and Tunisian coast, 11°00'E and 11°05'E) with Aradam in zone K.2.|
|8 Apr 1942||2120|
(0) Off Cape Bon.
|At 2120 hours, information was received that a cruiser and a destroyer had been sighted proceeding west. Turchese and Aradam were told to close the North African coast.|
Turchese moved to a position 2 miles from Cape Bon but sighted nothing.
|Di Domenico, Pier Vincenzo||18 Apr 1942||1405||Cagliari||19 Apr 1942||1040||Trapani||181||Passage Cagliari-Trapani. Uneventful.|
|22||Di Domenico, Pier Vincenzo||20 Apr 1942||1540||Trapani||20 Apr 1942||2155||Trapani||50||Sailed for patrol between 38°00'N and 38°40'N, and between 09°20'E and 09°40'E following a signal reporting an enemy force, but was then recalled at 1341 hours on the 20th.|
|23||Di Domenico, Pier Vincenzo||1 May 1942||1952||Trapani||17 May 1942||1015||Trapani||1842||Patrolled south of Formentara [38°42'N, 01°27'E] between 37°40'N and 38°20'N, 01°20'E and 01°40'E. On the evening of 8th May, was moved 20 miles to the south and, on the evening of 11th May, a further 40 miles to the south.|
|8 May 1942||0010||38° 18'N, 1° 31'E||At 0010 hours, Turchese was informed that a convoy was sighted proceeding east. The submarine was not in a position to intercept but, at 2000 hours, she received an order to move 20 miles south from her present position.|
|9 May 1942||1243||37° 27'N, 1° 37'E||At 1243 hours, a Sunderland was sighted at a distance of 7,000 metres. No action was taken.|
|11 May 1942||1700||37° 27'N, 1° 37'E|
|At 1700 hours, information was received of a cruiser sighted SW of La Galite proceeding eastward. Turchese moved to intercept and at 2000 hours received the order to move 40 miles south of her position, which she reached at 2353 hours. The submarine submerged to listen with her hydrophones, but nothing was detected.|
|15 May 1942||1433||38° 05'N, 4° 20'E||At 1433 hours, the French steamer Île Rousse (1,367 GRT, built 1918) was sighted steering 325°.|
|Di Domenico, Pier Vincenzo||21 May 1942||2108||Trapani||23 May 1942||2125||La Spezia||400||Passage Trapani-La Spezia. Uneventful.|
|Di Domenico, Pier Vincenzo||29 May 1942||0730||La Spezia||29 May 1942||1343||Genoa||56||Passage La Spezia-Genoa, escorted by MAS 566 for refit.|
|Parodi, Sergio||21 Jun 1942||Genoa||15 Jul 1942||Genoa||Refit at Genoa.|
|Asquini, Giandaniele||6 Aug 1942||1010||Genoa||6 Aug 1942||1630||Genoa||26||Trials.|
|Asquini, Giandaniele||9 Aug 1942||0909||Genoa||9 Aug 1942||1508||Genoa||47||Trials.|
|Asquini, Giandaniele||11 Aug 1942||0955||Genoa||11 Aug 1942||1546||La Spezia||53||Passage Genoa-La Spezia.|
|Asquini, Giandaniele||14 Aug 1942||0810||La Spezia||14 Aug 1942||1315||La Spezia||?||Trials.|
|Asquini, Giandaniele||14 Aug 1942||1500?||La Spezia||14 Aug 1942||1830||La Spezia||45||Trials.|
|Asquini, Giandaniele||17 Aug 1942||1036||La Spezia||17 Aug 1942||1203||La Spezia||8||Trials.|
|Asquini, Giandaniele||28 Aug 1942||1440||La Spezia||28 Aug 1942||1820||La Spezia||25||Trials.|
|Asquini, Giandaniele||29 Aug 1942||0824||La Spezia||29 Aug 1942||1730||Portovenere||Exercises.|
|Asquini, Giandaniele||29 Aug 1942||2006||Portovenere||30 Aug 1942||0030||La Spezia||81||Exercises.|
|Asquini, Giandaniele||1 Sep 1942||1102||La Spezia||1 Sep 1942||2345||Fezzano Buoy||6||Trials.|
|Asquini, Giandaniele||2 Sep 1942||0700||Fezzano Buoy||2 Sep 1942||1550||La Spezia||36||Exercises.|
|Asquini, Giandaniele||3 Sep 1942||1226||La Spezia||5 Sep 1942||0930||Trapani||416||Passage La Spezia-Trapani intially escorted by MAS 509. At 1420 hours on the 3rd, she was informed by Attilio Regolo that an enemy submarine was reported in Grid 7648 but the passage was made without incident.|
|Asquini, Giandaniele||8 Sep 1942||0745||Trapani||8 Sep 1942||1306||Trapani||24||Exercises.|
|Asquini, Giandaniele||11 Sep 1942||0750||Trapani||11 Sep 1942||1240||Trapani||20||Exercises.|
|Asquini, Giandaniele||22 Sep 1942||0832||Trapani||22 Sep 1942||1147||Trapani||18||Exercises.|
|24||Asquini, Giandaniele||19 Oct 1942||1310||Trapani||1 Nov 1942||1440||Trapani||1823||Sailed with Corallo and patrolled south of Balearic Islands between 37°40'N and 38°10'N, and between 02°20'E and 02°40'E, on a patrol line with Corallo The submarine was armed with G7e torpedoes.|
|21 Oct 1942||1119||37° 13'N, 4° 46'E||At 1119 hours, an aircraft was sighted at a distance of 7,000 metres and the submarine dived.|
|24 Oct 1942||0750||38° 06'N, 2° 29'E||At 0750 hours, an aircraft was sighted at a distance of 5,000 metres and the submarine dived.|
|25 Oct 1942||1344||37° 47'N, 2° 29'E||At 1344 hours, an aircraft was sighted at a distance of 5,000 metres and the submarine dived.|
|28 Oct 1942||2141||At 2141 hours, information was received that a naval force had sailed from Gibraltar that morning. Turchese moved to the southern limit of her patrol position and listened on her hydrophones, without result.|
At 1100 hours on 29th October, MARICOSOM ordered her to a position southwest of Cape Palos, but nothing was sighted.
|30 Oct 1942||1252||38° 50'N, 3° 16'E||At 1252 hours, a steamer was observed at a distance of 13,000 metres on a southerly course. It was believed to be French.|
|30 Oct 1942||1800||38° 50'N, 4° 02'E||At 1800 hours, a steamer was observed at a distance of 11,000 metres on a southerly course. It was believed to be French.|
|25||Asquini, Giandaniele||7 Nov 1942||0100||Trapani||13 Nov 1942||2110||Trapani||741||Patrolled off Bizerta in 37°12'N, 08°00'E. Returned via Point T.3. Also reported as 37°30'N, 10°00'E and shortly after in 37°20'N, 07°50'E.|
|8 Nov 1942||1758|
(0) North of Bizerta.
|At 1758 hours, a submarine believed to be Bronzo was sighted. Both submarines turned away.|
|9 Nov 1942||0730||37° 18'N, 8° 40'E||At 0730 hours, a 2,000-ton French vessel was sighted at a distance of 4,500 metres.|
|11 Nov 1942||1645||37° 08'N, 7° 58'E||At 1645 hours, a submarine believed to be Aradam was sighted.|
|13 Nov 1942||0745||37° 58'N, 10° 06'E||At 0745 hours, an aircraft was seen at a distance of 4,000 metres and the submarine dived.|
|Asquini, Giandaniele||15 Nov 1942||1500||Trapani||16 Nov 1942||1555||Naples||220||Passage Trapani-Naples.|
|Asquini, Giandaniele||25 Nov 1942||1505||Naples||27 Nov 1942||0830||La Maddalena||232||Passage Naples-La Maddalena.|
|26||Asquini, Giandaniele||2 Dec 1942||0354||La Maddalena||3 Dec 1942||2210||La Maddalena||262||Patrolled off Ajaccio between 41°40'N and 41°55'N, and between 08°20'E and the coast.|
|3 Dec 1942||0702|
(0) Off Cape Senetosa.
|At 0702 hours, two steamers, escorted by a torpedo-boat, were sighted on northerly course. No action taken when the torpedo-boat was recognised as Italian of the "Three-funnel" type.|
|Asquini, Giandaniele||6 Dec 1942||1815||La Maddalena||7 Dec 1942||1440||Cagliari||191||Passage La Maddalena-Cagliari with submarines Diaspro and Corallo.|
|27||Asquini, Giandaniele||9 Dec 1942||1800||Cagliari||10 Dec 1942||1208||Cagliari||86||Sailed for patrol off Algerian coast between 37°40'N and 38°00'N, and between 08°20'E and 08°40'E, but returned because of defects.|
|9 Dec 1942||2145|
(0) Off Cagliari.
|At 2145 hours, the submarine Galatea returning to base was encountered and exchanged recognition signals.|
|Asquini, Giandaniele||22 Dec 1942||0827||Cagliari||22 Dec 1942||1127||Cagliari||22||Exercises.|
|Asquini, Giandaniele||29 Dec 1942||1250||Cagliari||31 Dec 1942||1540||Augusta||481||Passage Cagliari-Augusta. Heard distant bombs.|
|28||Asquini, Giandaniele||4 Jan 1943||0337||Augusta||4 Jan 1943||0843||Augusta||30||Sailed for patrol SW of Malta but ran accidentally in one of the anti-torpedo obstructions and had to return to port.|
|4 Jan 1943||0352||Turchese was sailing out for a patrol when, in low visibility and in the darkness, she accidentally ran in one of the anti-torpedo obstructions and returned to port because of the damage. T.V. Asquini received a reprimand and his Navigation Officer was inflicted the maximum penalty.|
|Asquini, Giandaniele||5 Jan 1943||1715||Augusta||6 Jan 1943||0815||Messina||74||Passage Augusta-Messina.|
|Asquini, Giandaniele||11 Jan 1943||0634||Messina||11 Jan 1943||1341||Augusta||73||Passage Messina-Augusta.|
|29||Asquini, Giandaniele||17 Jan 1943||2155||Augusta||22 Jan 1943||0711||Augusta||704||Sailed for patrol between 34°00'N and Libyan coast, and between 21°00'E and 21°30'E. Recalled at 1700 hours on the 20th, before reaching her patrol position.|
|30||Asquini, Giandaniele||7 Feb 1943||1620||Augusta||21 Feb 1943||0950||Augusta||1395||Patrolled off Cape Misurata, between 32°40'N and 33°30'N, 15°20'E and 15°40'E then on 14 February moved to 32°00'N and 32°10'N, and between 15°50'E and 16°40'E (or between 32°20'N and 32°30'N, and between 15°00'E and 18°00'E?).|
|16 Feb 1943||0356||At 0356 hours, a signal from Axum was received reporting a convoy. Turchese altered course to 120° to intercept. Nothing was heard or sighted.|
|Asquini, Giandaniele||26 Feb 1943||1600||Augusta||28 Feb 1943||2400||Taranto||297||Passage Augusta-Taranto for refit. Uneventful.|
|Asquini, Giandaniele||20 Apr 1943||1300||Taranto||20 Apr 1943||1830||Taranto||8||Exercises.|
|Asquini, Giandaniele||22 Apr 1943||0600||Taranto||22 Apr 1943||1715||Taranto||38,5||Exercises.|
|Asquini, Giandaniele||24 Apr 1943||1420||Taranto||24 Apr 1943||1830||Taranto||2||Tests.|
|Asquini, Giandaniele||26 Apr 1943||0630||Taranto||26 Apr 1943||1410||Taranto||27||Tests.|
|Asquini, Giandaniele||27 Apr 1943||0735||Taranto||27 Apr 1943||1340||Taranto||24,5||Tests.|
|Asquini, Giandaniele||28 Apr 1943||1146||Taranto||28 Apr 1943||1733||Taranto||20||Exercises with the tug Gagliardo, escorted by the auxiliary Claretta.|
|Asquini, Giandaniele||29 Apr 1943||0540||Taranto||29 Apr 1943||1040||Taranto||21||Exercises.|
|Galzigna, Aredio||2 May 1943||1205||Taranto||2 May 1943||1940||Taranto||27||Exercises.|
|Galzigna, Aredio||3 May 1943||1245||Taranto||3 May 1943||1850||Taranto||23||Exercises.|
|Galzigna, Aredio||6 May 1943||1135||Taranto||6 May 1943||1945||Taranto||34,5||Exercises.|
|Galzigna, Aredio||8 May 1943||1135||Taranto||8 May 1943||1730||Taranto||21,5||Exercises with the auxiliary Vergada.|
|Galzigna, Aredio||10 May 1943||1140||Taranto||10 May 1943||1824||Taranto||28||Exercises.|
|Galzigna, Aredio||11 May 1943||0705||Taranto||11 May 1943||1905||Taranto||32||Exercises. On 12th May 1943, C.F. Carlo Liannazza (Head of 4° GRUPSOM) recommended that an additional period of exercises be added as four out of five officers were new to submarines and this was T.V. Galzigna's first command.|
|Galzigna, Aredio||15 May 1943||1535||Taranto||16 May 1943||0105||Taranto||34,5||Exercises.|
|Galzigna, Aredio||17 May 1943||0630||Taranto||17 May 1943||1120||Taranto||27,5||Sonar exercises with the torpedo boat Monzambano and corvette Gabbiano.|
|Galzigna, Aredio||20 May 1943||1846||Taranto||27 May 1943||0645||Naples||644||Passage Taranto-Naples.|
|25 May 1943||1135|
(0) Straits of Messina.
|At 1135 hours, a formation of four-engine bombers proceeding eastward was seen. and the submarine dived.|
Turchese zigzagged at full speed and several bombs fell about 900 meters astern.
|25 May 1943||1209|
(0) Straits of Messina.
|At 1209 hours, a formation of four-engine bombers proceeding eastward was seen. and the submarine dived.|
Turchese crash-dived and reached a depth of 70 metres as several bombs were heard.
|25 May 1943||1334|
(0) Straits of Messina.
|At 1334 hours, a formation of four-engine bombers proceeding southward was seen. and the submarine dived.|
Turchese dived immediately and bombs were heard close at 1338 and 1340 hours. It is probable they were not directed at the submarine.
|Galzigna, Aredio||27 May 1943||1132||Naples||27 May 1943||1250||Pozzuoli||8||Passage Naples-Pozzuoli.|
|Galzigna, Aredio||29 May 1943||1100||Pozzuoli||29 May 1943||1530||Pozzuoli||11||Exercises.|
|Galzigna, Aredio||30 May 1943||0930||Pozzuoli||30 May 1943||1110||Naples||8||Passage Pozzuoli-Naples.|
|Galzigna, Aredio||1 Jun 1943||1730||Naples||2 Jun 1943||0550||Naples||42||Exercises.|
|Galzigna, Aredio||2 Jun 1943||935||Naples||2 Jun 1943||1100||Pozzuoli||8||Passage Naples-Pozzuoli.|
|Galzigna, Aredio||3 Jun 1943||0903||Pozzuoli||3 Jun 1943||1553||Pozzuoli||18||Trials and exercises.|
|Galzigna, Aredio||14 Jun 1943||1405||Pozzuoli||14 Jun 1943||1756||Pozzuoli||18||Trials and exercises.|
|Galzigna, Aredio||16 Jun 1943||0423||Pozzuoli||16 Jun 1943||1216||Pozzuoli||32||Trials and exercises.|
|Galzigna, Aredio||16 Jun 1943||1715||Pozzuoli||16 Jun 1943||2120||Pozzuoli||30,5||Trials and exercises.|
|Galzigna, Aredio||17 Jun 1943||1415||Pozzuoli||17 Jun 1943||1845||Pozzuoli||15||Trials and exercises.|
|Galzigna, Aredio||18 Jun 1943||0834||Pozzuoli||18 Jun 1943||1205||Pozzuoli||18||Trials and exercises.|
|Galzigna, Aredio||19 Jun 1943||0820||Pozzuoli||19 Jun 1943||1005||Pozzuoli||8||Trials and exercises.|
|Galzigna, Aredio||19 Jun 1943||1950||Pozzuoli||20 Jun 1943||0305||Pozzuoli||34||Trials and exercises.|
|Galzigna, Aredio||23 Jun 1943||1113||Pozzuoli||23 Jun 1943||1230||Pozzuoli||8||Trials and exercises.|
|Galzigna, Aredio||23 Jun 1943||2301||Pozzuoli||26 Jun 1943||0640||La Maddalena||312||Passage Pozzuoli-La Maddalena.|
|Galzigna, Aredio||26 Jun 1943||0915||La Maddalena||26 Jun 1943||1016||San Stefano||4||Passage La Maddalena-San Stefano.|
|Galzigna, Aredio||28 Jun 1943||1657||San Stefano||28 Jun 1943||1945||Bonifacio||21||Passage San Stefano-Bonifacio.|
|31||Galzigna, Aredio||30 Jun 1943||2236||Bonifacio||16 Jul 1943||0645||Naples||1300,5||Sailed for patrol off southwest of Sardinia on between 38°00'N and 38°40'N, and between 07°00'E and 07°40'E. At 1958 hours on 2nd July, she was ordered to make an incursion on the 37°20'N parallel between 36°40'N and 07°40'E, then return to her original area. At 1255 hours on the 6th, she was ordered to move 10 miles East then to 37°50'N by dawn on the 7th. Her next move was from east to west from 08°10'E to Cape de Fer meridian (07°10'E) on 37°20'N [she was delayed because of defects] parallel and return to her area at dawn on the 8th.|
At 0215 hours on 10th July , she received the order (0015/10) to execute the ZETA order and proceed to zone 96. At 1425 hours, she received a new order (1141/10) to immediately go to zone 172. At 0013 hours on the 11th, she received the order (2213/10) ordered to zone 83 (east coast of Sicily) via 39°00'N, 15°00'E and M 3 (Cape Vaticano). At 2110 hours on the 11th, she received a new order (1840/11) to shift her area to zone 81. At 0007 hours on the 14th, MARICOSOM ordered her to occupy the northern half of zone 80 but she had to abort her patrol because of defects.
|1 Jul 1943||0915||38° 20'N, 7° 28'E||At 0915 hours, a large aircraft formation was seen on an easterly course and the submarine dived.|
|11 Jul 1943||0522||38° 20'N, 9° 25'E||At 0522 hours, a twin-engined aircraft was seen flying low on a SE course. Turchese dived.|
|11 Jul 1943||0908||38° 20'N, 9° 50'E||At 0908 hours, an aircraft was seen on a southerly course and the submarine dived.|
|11 Jul 1943||2022||38° 24'N, 10° 10'E||At 2022 hours, an aircraft was seen on a southwest course and the submarine dived.|
|11 Jul 1943||2132||38° 25'N, 10° 12'E||At 2132 hours, an aircraft was seen on a northwest course and the submarine dived.|
|12 Jul 1943||0428||38° 43'N, 11° 35'E||At 0428 hours, an aircraft was seen and the submarine dived.|
|12 Jul 1943||1050||At 1050 hours, an aircraft was seen on a westerly course and the submarine dived.|
|13 Jul 1943||0350||38° 48'N, 12° 30'E||At 0350 hours, an aircraft was seen and Turchese dived.|
|14 Jul 1943||0513||39° 00'N, 13° 20'E||At 0513 hours, an aircraft was seen and the submarine dived.|
|Galzigna, Aredio||16 Jul 1943||1105||Naples||16 Jul 1943||1250||Castellammare di Stabia||13,3||Passage Naples-Castellammare di Stabia.|
|Galzigna, Aredio||30 Jul 1943||0720||Castellammare di Stabia||30 Jul 1943||1015||Naples||10||Trials.|
|Galzigna, Aredio||30 Jul 1943||2047||Naples||2 Aug 1943||0720||La Maddalena||257||Passage Naples-La Maddalena.|
|31 Jul 1943||0220||At 0220 hours, flares were sighted at a distance of 2,000 metres and the submarine dived.|
|2 Aug 1943||0220||At 0220 hours, flares were sighted at a distance of 2,000 metres and the submarine dived.|
|Galzigna, Aredio||2 Aug 1943||1215||La Maddalena||2 Aug 1943||1355||Mezzo Schifo||2||Passage La Maddalena-Mezzo Schifo.|
|2 Aug 1943||0220||At 0220 hours, flares were sighted at a distance of 2,000 metres and the submarine dived.|
|Galzigna, Aredio||3 Aug 1943||0434||Mezzo Schifo||3 Aug 1943||0725||Bonifacio||19||Passage Mezzo Schifo-Bonifacio.|
|Galzigna, Aredio||19 Aug 1943||0729||Bonifacio||19 Aug 1943||1140||Bonifacio||22,5||Exercises.|
|Parodi, Eugenio||24 Aug 1943||0725||Bonifacio||24 Aug 1943||1159||Bonifacio||26||Exercises.|
|Parodi, Eugenio||27 Aug 1943||0736||Bonifacio||27 Aug 1943||1222||Bonifacio||27,5||Exercises.|
|Parodi, Eugenio||31 Aug 1943||0747||Bonifacio||31 Aug 1943||1230||Bonifacio||24||Exercises.|
|Parodi, Eugenio||2 Sep 1943||0520||Bonifacio||2 Sep 1943||0759||Villa Marina||24||Passage Bonifacio-Villa Marina.|
|32||Parodi, Eugenio||7 Sep 1943||1515||Villa Marina||13 Sep 1943||0002||Bone||695||Sailed for patrol in Gulf of Gaeta and Gulf of Paola with Topazio until the latter parted on the 10th, when on parallel of Anzio, slightly east of 11°E. Damaged by air attack off Bone at 2230 hours on the 11th and was taken in tow by the trawler HMS Stroma to Bone.|
|7 Sep 1943||1600|
(0) Near La Maddalena.
|At 1600 hours, Turchese came under fire from a coastal battery, which fired three rounds. The shells fell some 200 meters short.|
|11 Sep 1943||2127|
|At 2127 hours, Turchese came under air attack from what was believed to be a Junker 88. The nearest bombs fell six meters off the port bow and exploded at a depth of ten meters. The submarine was seriously damaged and her port diesel engine was put out of action, but she reached Bone at 0002 hours on 13th September.|
This was actually Hudson 'O' of 500 Squadron piloted by Pilot Officer G.M. Shires. The aircraft made two circuits, firing off the colors of the day on the second one. As there was no response, the submarine was attacked. The attack was carried out up moon from the starboard bow and a stick of four depth charges released, which straddled just forward of the conning tower. The submarine appeared to be diving stern first. Half an hour later, the aircraft received a signal from base ordering it to not attack unless the submarine was taking hostile action. What was believed to be the same submarine was sighted stern down and attacked and sunk by Bisley V/13 the next morning (this was probably Topazio).
|Parodi, Eugenio||14 Sep 1943||1330||Bone||14 Sep 1943||2200||Bone||30||Passage Bone-Malta with Alagi, Giada, Platino, Galatea, Marea, Menotti and Brin, escorted by HMS Isis. She was towed by Marea, but the tow parted and she had to be towed back to Bone by a British vessel. Repairs completed on 24 September 1943.|
|Parodi, Eugenio||27 Sep 1943||1721||Bone||28 Sep 1943||0730||Bone||59||Passage Bone-Malta but broke down and had to be towed back to Bone by British tug or Motor launch.|
|Parodi, Eugenio||1 Oct 1943||1630||Bone||2 Oct 1943||1715||Bizerta||123||Passage Bone-Bizerta in tow.|
|Parodi, Eugenio||4 Oct 1943||1130||Bizerta||6 Oct 1943||1030||Malta||251||Passage Bizerta-Malta. She was the 23rd submarine to reach Malta and had to be towed by the trawler HMS Goth with Army harbour craft C.T.13 and HMS ML 480 and HMS HDML 1243 and with the trawler HMS Tango in a convoy of three merchant ships.|
|Parodi, Eugenio||27 Nov 1943||1530||Malta||28 Nov 1943||0930||Augusta||117||Passage Malta-Augusta, towed by the corvette Chimera.|
|Mogni, Giorgio||11 Mar 1944||0545||Augusta||12 Mar 1944||1945||Brindisi||335||Passage Augusta-Brindisi, towed by the torpedo boat Monzambano.|
|Frascolla, Renato||1 Apr 1944||Brindisi||13 Sep 1944||Brindisi||Refit in Brindisi. Change in command.|
|Revedin, Marco||14 Sep 1944||Brindisi||22 Nov 1944||Brindisi||Refit in Brindisi. Change in command.|
|Botta, Emilio||22 Jun 1945||0605||Brindisi||22 Jun 1945||0800||Naples||450||Passage Brindisi-Naples then in reserve until end of war.|
181 entries. 153 total patrol entries (32 marked as war patrols) and 51 events.