Italian submarines in World War Two

Italian Commanders


Marco Revedin

Born  17 May 1911Bologna
Died  13 Oct 1982(71)Barberino Val d'Elsa (Florence)

Ranks

  T.V.Tenente di Vascello
  C.C.Capitano di Corvetta

Decorations

  Medaglia d'argento al valore militare
  Medaglia di bronzo al valore militare
  Croce al merito di guerra
  Croce al merito di guerra
  Cavaliere dell'ordine della Corona d'Italia
  Ufficiale dell'ordine della Republica Italiana

Career information

ASTERIA (T.V. C.O.): from 04.12.1941 to 07.12.1941 (remained aboard until 10.01.1942).
ALAGI (T.V. C.O.): from 19.01.1942 to 25.02.1942.
Promoted to C.C. ca. April 1942.
AVORIO (C.C. C.O.): from 01.04.1942 to 06.04.1942.
COMANDANTE ALFREDO CAPPELLINI (C.C. C.O.): from 10.04.1942 to 30.04.1943.
VORTICE (C.C. C.O.): from 21.06.1942 to 08.12.1943.
FRATELLI BANDIERA (C.C. C.O.): from 17.12.1943 to 20.04.1944.
RUGGIERO SETTIMO (C.C. C.O.): from 24.04.1944 to 09.09.1944.
In Sep 1944: Head of COMANDO GRUPPO BRINDISI.
TURCHESE (C.C. C.O.): from 14.09.1944 to 22.11.1944.
RUGGIERO SETTIMO (C.C. C.O.): from 20.01.1945 to 07.04.1945.
RUGGIERO SETTIMO (C.C. C.O.): from 06.05.1945 to 05.06.1945.

Commands listed for Marco Revedin


Submarine Type Rank From To
Asteria (AE)Coastal / Sea goingT.V.4 Dec 19417 Dec 1941
Alagi (AL, N.58)Coastal / Sea goingT.V.19 Jan 194225 Feb 1942
Avorio (AV)Coastal / Sea goingC.C.1 Apr 19426 Apr 1942
Comandante Alfredo Cappellini (CL, I.4, UIT.24)Ocean goingC.C.10 Apr 194230 Apr 1943
Vortice (VR)Sea goingC.C.21 Jun 19428 Dec 1943
Fratelli Bandiera (BA)Ocean goingC.C.17 Dec 194320 Apr 1944
Ruggiero Settimo (RS)Ocean goingC.C.24 Apr 19449 Sep 1944
Turchese (TC)Coastal / Sea goingC.C.14 Sep 194422 Nov 1944
Ruggiero Settimo (RS)Ocean goingC.C.20 Jan 19457 Apr 1945
Ruggiero Settimo (RS)Ocean goingC.C.6 May 19455 Jun 1945

Ships hit by Marco Revedin


DateSubmarineShip hitTypeGRTNat.Loss type
1.19 May 1942Comandante Alfredo CappelliniTisnarenCargo ship5,747SwedishSunk
2.31 May 1942Comandante Alfredo CappelliniDinsdaleTanker8,214BritishSunk

War patrols listed for Marco Revedin

 SubmarineDateTimePortArr. dateArr. timeArr. portMilesDescription
Asteria (AE)4 Dec 19410807Pola4 Dec 19411637Pola33,8Trials, escorted by the torpedo boat Audace and the auxiliary Jadera.

Asteria (AE)6 Dec 19411405Pola6 Dec 19411657Pola2Trials.

Alagi (AL, N.58)20 Jan 19420758Cagliari20 Jan 19421206Cagliari24Exercises, escorted by the tug Salvore.

Alagi (AL, N.58)23 Jan 19421300Cagliari23 Jan 19421815Cagliari28Exercises with the minesweeper R.D.41.

1.Alagi (AL, N.58)28 Jan 19421415Cagliari28 Jan 19421930Cagliari46Sailed for patrol with Aradam, Brin, Turchese and Axum between 37°30'N and 38°00'N, and between 06°00'E and 06°10'E, but then recalled.

Alagi (AL, N.58)4 Feb 19420705Cagliari4 Feb 19421351Cagliari46Exercises with the minesweeper R.D.34.

2.Alagi (AL, N.58)8 Feb 19422044Cagliari17 Feb 19421135Cagliari929Sailed with Brin for patrol north of Cap de Fer, between 37°05'N and 37°30'N, 06°55'E and 07°05'E.
  9 Feb 1942074038° 00'N, 7° 30'E
(0) Very approximate position.
0740 hours, a sudden wave carried out the starboard lookout Cosimos Desogus. The submarine turned back and searched until 0900 hours, but he was never found.
  10 Feb 19421405At 1405 hours, information was received of an enemy cruiser and a destroyer sighted at 1215 hours in Italian Grid 6291/5 steering 090° at 20 knots, 190 miles away.

Alagi altered course to westward to intercept, but a new MARICOSOM signal (1702/10) reported them in Grid 1814/6, at 1345 hours, on course 090°, 22 knots. This meant the enemy would be passing 20 miles to the north of her position, the submarine tried to close but only heard H.E.

These were the light cruiser HMS Cleopatra and the destroyer HMS Fortune which arrived at Malta at noon on 11th February.
  11 Feb 1942041537° 20'N, 7° 05'EAt 0415 hours, a steamer was observed on a westerly course. Alagi trailed her until she was recognised as the French Saint Alain (1,956 GRT, built 1930).
  11 Feb 1942060537° 11'N, 7° 11'EAt 0605 hours, a steamer was sighted steering 280°. Upon closing, it proved to be French.

At 1415 hours, Alagi was informed of the passage of an enemy ship, but was too far to take any action.
  12 Feb 1942021037° 17'N, 7° 01'EAt 0210 hours, two ships were sighted. Upon closing, one was identified as the French Château Larose (2,047 GRT, built 1930).
  13 Feb 1942010037° 27'N, 6° 58'EAt 0100 hours, two ships, navigating with lights and following the coast, were sighted on the horizon.

Alagi (AL, N.58)21 Feb 19420605Cagliari22 Feb 19421155Naples273Passage Cagliari-Naples for refit.

Avorio (AV)3 Apr 19420900Monfalcone3 Apr 19421320MonfalconeExercises.

Comandante Alfredo Cappellini (CL, I.4, UIT.24)21 Apr 19420957Bordeaux21 Apr 19421425Le Verdon62Passage Bordeaux-Le Verdon.

Comandante Alfredo Cappellini (CL, I.4, UIT.24)22 Apr 19420753Le Verdon22 Apr 19421836La Pallice72Passage Le Verdon-La Pallice.

Comandante Alfredo Cappellini (CL, I.4, UIT.24)23 Apr 19421747La Pallice23 Apr 19421434La Pallice19,5Trials at Le Pertuis d'Antioche.

Comandante Alfredo Cappellini (CL, I.4, UIT.24)25 Apr 19421000La Pallice25 Apr 19421336La Pallice16,5Trials at Le Pertuis d'Antioche.

3.Comandante Alfredo Cappellini (CL, I.4, UIT.24)27 Apr 19421500La Pallice19 Jun 19421300Bordeaux8735Sailed for patrol off Natal (Brazil) between 36°00'W meridian, Punta Tres Irmaos Light, Pititinga Light, Rocas Island and 02°35'S, 36°00'W.
  29 Apr 1942231844° 59'N, 8° 35'WAn illuminated fishing vessel was sighted and the submarine turned away to avoid being seen.
  2 May 19421932
2025 (e)
39° 05'N, 15° 44'W
(e) 38° 58'N, 16° 01'W
The submarine Bagnolini was encountered and exchanged recognition signals.
  11 May 1942172519° 33'N, 26° 48'WAt 1705 hours, a convoy of nine ships was detected. The submarine closed, but at 1908 hours, a corvette was sighted turning toward the submarine at a distance of 9,000 meters. The submarine dived and moved at full speed underwater to a point 3,500 meters from the point where it had submerged This was the sloop HMS Hastings. Cappellini was depth-charged and escaped by diving to a depth of 125 meters. She tried to surface at 2315 hours, but was depth-charged again as she was coming up at 70 meters. She dived again with her stern, reaching 145 meters, finally surfacing at 0305 hours on the 12th, during a heavy rain squall.
  19 May 19420041
2230GMT (e)
3° 28'N, 32° 15'W
(e) 3° 38'N, 32° 11'W
At 1537 hours, on 18th May, a large motorship was sighted at 12,000 metres in 05°29' N, 32°19' W. Cappellini maneuvered to trail her at the limit of visibility (22,000 metres) with the intention of closing to attack after dark. At 2309 hours, the vessel changed course and contact was temporarily lost. It was regained 20 minutes later.

At 0041 hours on 19th May, in a surface attack, a single torpedo (533mm) was fired from a bow tube. It hit under the bridge.

This was the Swedish Tisnaren (5747 GRT, built 1918), a straggler from convoy OS.27 bound from Liverpool for Rio de Janeiro.

Simultaneously, from 0041 hours, the vessel was finished off by gunfire, the submarine making use of her two deck guns (100mm/47) and machine-guns and the ship was abandoned, fire being suspended while to allow them to take to the boat and then resumed at 0057 and the ship sank. There were no casualties, forty-two survivors were rescued by the steamer Green Mountain and brought to Trinidad.
  20 May 194220150° 01'S, 33° 07'WAt 2015 hours, an aircraft was seen and the submarine dived.
  22 May 194221163° 35'S, 35° 13'WAt 2116 hours, an aircraft was seen and the submarine dived.
  23 May 194216403° 17'S, 35° 35'WAt 1640 hours, an aircraft was sighted at 7-8,000 metres and the submarine dived.
  23 May 194219303° 15'S, 35° 37'WAt 1930 hours, an aircraft was seen at 15-16,000 metres and the submarine dived.
  24 May 194209073° 54'S, 35° 09'WAt 1458 hours, the Argentine steamer Rio De La Plata (former Italian Principessa Maria, 8,329 GRT, built 1923) was observed steering 330°, 12 knots.
  24 May 194210203° 59'S, 35° 01'WAt 1020 hours, an American cruiser of the CONCORD class, escorted by destroyers, was sighted at 15.000 metres, steering 330°, 15 knots. The submarine submerged to avoid being seen. She surfaced at 1347 hours and made an enemy report at 1415 hours.
  24 May 194216304° 19'S, 34° 50'WAt 1630 hours, a 10,000-ton tanker was sighted steering 300°, 10 knots. The submarine closed until her Argentine nationality was recognised and the attack aborted.
  26 May 19420628
0445Z (e)
2° 19'S, 34° 36'W
(e) 2° 58'S, 34° 12'W
At 0628 hours, an aircraft of the Consolidate type was sighted while Cappellini was chasing a vessel reported by Archimede.

At 0631 hours, the submarine dived and two minutes later a bomb was heard.

This was a Catalina (PBY-5A) of USN squadron VP-83, which dropped a single MK 17 depth charge. It was piloted by Lt.(jg) H.G. Cooper.
  26 May 194214201° 36'S, 35° 14'WAt 1420 hours, a biplane aircraft was seen and the submarine dived.
  28 May 194214502° 47'S, 32° 41'WAt 1450 hours, an aircraft was seen and the submarine dived.
  31 May 194202330° 45'S, 29° 40'WAt 1130 hours on 30th May, a vessel was observed coming out of the mist in 00°11' N, 31°56' W. It was recognised as a large tanker steering 140° at 13 knots. Cappellini trailed her, but the task was difficult due the rough seas (Force 4) and the frequent rain squalls, reducing visibility to 5-6,000 metres. The sun had set at 2319 hours (reminder: this was Rome Time).

At 0233 hours, a pair of torpedoes (533mm) were fired from the bow tubes at a distance of 3,500 metres, The wakes must have been spotted, as the tanker altered course and they missed ahead.

This was the British tanker RFA Dinsdale (8,214 GRT, built 1942). She was bound from Trinidad for Port Elisabeth and Durban.

At 0318 hours, Cappellini closed to 450 metres, launching a second pair of torpedoes from the bow tubes at a 10-second interval. At the same time, the tanker opened fire on the submarine at an accelerated rate. After 23 seconds, a torpedo was observed to hit between the forward mast and the bridge. Shortly after, the second torpedo hit between the bridge and the mast aft. The submarine could not use her guns due to the rough seas and had to dive to avoid the gunfire from the tanker.

At 0330 hours, a loud explosion was heard and the hydrophones picked up the propeller noises of the tanker and it appeared she was moving slowly away.

At 0547 hours, a stern shot (450mm) was made from 2,000 metres and was observed to hit the engine room.

At 0604 hours, another stern shot (450mm) was made from 2,500 metres and was seen to hit at the same spot as the preceding one. The tanker sank at 0612 hours. Of her crew, five were killed and forty-four survivors (including Master) were rescued by the Spanish Monte Orduna (5529 GRT, built 1922) and landed at Las Palmas.
  11 Jun 1942110830° 24'N, 22° 45'WAt 1108 hours, a drifter was seen steering 120°. The submarine turned away to avoid being seen.
  14 Jun 1942104840° 25'N, 16° 36'WAt 1048 hours, an aircraft was seen at 7-8,000 metres and the submarine dived.
  14 Jun 1942121540° 32'N, 16° 30'WAt 1215 hours, a four-engine aircraft was seen at 7-8,000 metres and the submarine dived.
  15 Jun 1942135644° 00'N, 14° 08'WAt 1356 hours, a four-engine aircraft was seen and the submarine dived.
  17 Jun 1942220744° 26'N, 7° 04'WAt 2207 hours, three smokes were briefly sighted on the horizon before they disappeared.
  18 Jun 1942231144° 43'N, 3° 38'WAt 2311 hours, the shadow of. small vessel was seen and the submarine turned away.

Comandante Alfredo Cappellini (CL, I.4, UIT.24)13 Aug 19420842Bordeaux13 Aug 19421250Le Verdon62Passage Bordeaux-Le Verdon.

Comandante Alfredo Cappellini (CL, I.4, UIT.24)15 Aug 19420800Le Verdon15 Aug 19421722La Pallice77,3Passage Le Verdon-La Pallice and trials at Le Pertuis d'Antioche.

Comandante Alfredo Cappellini (CL, I.4, UIT.24)17 Aug 19420804La Pallice17 Aug 19421202La Pallice10,2Exercises.

4.Comandante Alfredo Cappellini (CL, I.4, UIT.24)21 Aug 19421430La Pallice17 Oct 19421457Bordeaux8245Sailed for patrol off Freetown, between 04°00'N and 10°00'N, and between 18°00'W and 21°00'W. Participated in the rescue of the Laconia survivors. Most were transferred to Vichy ships, but the submarine kept six Italian prisoners and two British PoWs.
  21 Aug 19420220
(0) La Pallice harbour.
At 0220 hours, during an air raid on La Pallice, bombs fell near the dock but Cappellini was not damaged.
  28 Aug 1942135539° 14'N, 16° 23'WAt 1355 hours, the conning tower of a submarine was briefly seen. Cappellini turned away.
  28 Aug 1942142239° 14'N, 16° 23'W
(0) Approximately.
At 1422 hours, a destroyer was seen at 15,000 metres. The submarine dived and two more ships were detected by hydrophones.
  29 Aug 1942000738° 39'N, 17° 08'WAt 0007 hours, an illuminated Portuguese 7-8,000-ton ship was seen steering 090°, 10 knots. The submarine turned away.
  30 Aug 1942141135° 36'N, 19° 30'WAt 1411 hours, A biplane aircraft was seen and the submarine dived.
  2 Sep 1942100828° 48'N, 20° 02'WAt 1008 hours, a periscope was observed and Cappellini moved away.
  16 Sep 194208284° 08'S, 11° 58'WAt 0730 hours on 13th September, Cappellini deciphered a signal from BETASOM (00615/13) indicating that a British ship (Laconia sunk by U-156, KL Werner Hartenstein) carrying 1,500 Italian PoWs had been sunk. The submarine was to proceed to rescue the survivors, but to maintain radio silence. At 1010 hours, she altered course to conform to the order.

At 0052 hours on the 14th, she was instructed by BETASOM to rendezvous with U-506 (KL Erich Würdemann) in Italian Grid 8971/53, as survivors were being divided between a number of submarines.

At 0828 hours on the 16th, a first lifeboat was encountered. It had 50 British survivors who appeared to be well equipped, so Cappellini moved on.
  16 Sep 194210324° 20'S, 11° 57'WAt 1032 hours, a second lifeboat sighted. It had eighty-four British survivors from Laconia (twenty-five children, eighteen women and forty-one men). At first, they appeared terrorised by the submarine. T.V. Revedin quickly reassured them and proposed to take the women and the children, but they were reluctant to do so as their boat was well stocked with food and water. He provided them with more provisions and they cheered the Italian submarine as it moved away.
  16 Sep 194216534° 47'S, 12° 05'WAt 1653 hours, four lifeboats were sighted, two of them semi-submerged with survivors from Laconia. The submarine took all the forty-nine Italian survivors except one who gave signs of dementia and refused to be picked up. Nineteen British and Polish survivors who were in the water were also picked up. The submarine remained with the lifeboats in the area, expecting the arrival of Vichy French vessels. The British and Polish survivors were transferred back to the lifeboats the next afternoon and the submarine left in search of the Vichy vessels.

At 0710 hours on the 17th, one of the Italian survivors passed away. He was only known from the other survivors as Vincenzo or Ruggero "the medic". He was buried at sea. At 1210 hours, another Italian survivor succumbed. He was Giovanni Volch and was also buried at sea.
  20 Sep 194209482° 09'S, 13° 09'WAt 0948 hours, the French sloop Dumont d'Urville was met. She had been dispatched from Dakar. The submarine transferred her forty-one Italian survivors to the French warship. She kept six Italians and two British officers.
  21 Sep 194212232° 08'S, 13° 08'WAt 1223 hours, an unknown warship was sighted. Cappellini dived. It appeared to be a small warship, probably one of the French vessels announced.
  21 Sep 194215012° 04'S, 13° 21'WAt 1501 hours, Cappellini had just surfaced when a warship was suddenly sighted [probably searching for the Laconia survivors]. The submarine dived again.
  23 Sep 194210103° 48'N, 17° 26'WAt 1010 hours, a Sunderland was sighted at 12,000 metres and the submarine dived.
  23 Sep 194211353° 51'N, 17° 31'WAt 1135 hours, a smoke was seen on the horizon. It was a ship zigzagging and steering on a 045° mean course.

At 1200 hours, Cappellini dived for a submerged attack but could not detect the vessel with the hydrophones. She came to periscope depth but the foggy lenses (due to the extreme heat) made observation difficult.

At 1246 hours, the submarine surfaced and sighted the freighter 7,000 metres away. T.V. Revedin took his submarine down again but by 1400 hours, the distance had only closed to 5-6,000 metres.

This was British steamer Bruyère (5,335 GRT, built 1919), bound from Rio de Janeiro for Freetown.

At 1402 hours, in 03°53' N, 17°33' W, Cappellini was still at periscope depth and chasing the steamer, when a Sunderland aircraft was sighted. Revedin was forced to take his submarine down to 40 meters. The submarine surfaced at 1442 hours and the steamer was still in sight.

At 1627 hours, in 04°10' N, 17°32' W, Cappellini was still chasing the British steamer Bruyère and dived immediately. The submarine surfaced at 1704 hours and sighted the steamer again at 1758 hours and maneuvered to attack.

At 2304 hours,in 04°50' N, 17°18' W, Cappellini was making her final run on her target when another shadow was suddenly sighted. At 2336 hours, Bruyère was suddenly rocked by two explosions. She had just been torpedoed by U-125 (KL Ulrich Folkers).
  4 Oct 1942033526° 18'N, 20° 10'WAt 0215 hours, an illuminated vessel was sighted, shortly after followed by another. The first was a 5,000-ton Swiss ship steering 210°, 12 knots, the other was a 1,500-ton Portuguese ship steering 015°, 8 knots. The submarine turned away.
  13 Oct 1942084244° 10'N, 7° 22'WAt 0842 hours, a Sunderland aircraft was sighted at 15,000 metres and the submarine dived.
  13 Oct 1942092944° 09'N, 7° 19'WAt 0929 hours, an aircraft was seen and the submarine dived. Later, distant explosions were heard.
  14 Oct 1942101244° 18'N, 5° 04'WAt 1012 hours, a Sunderland aircraft was sighted at 10,000 metres and the submarine dived.
  14 Oct 1942163244° 15'N, 4° 19'WAt 1632 hours, a biplane aircraft was seen at 15,000 metres and the submarine dived.
  16 Oct 1942081244° 08'N, 2° 16'WAt 0812 hours, a large seaplane was seen at 8,000 metres, apparently taking off. The submarine dived.
  16 Oct 1942102244° 23'N, 2° 22'WAt 1022 hours, an aircraft was seen at 10,000 metres and the submarine dived.
  16 Oct 1942151244° 57'N, 2° 33'WAt 1512 hours, an aircraft, possibly a Junker 88, was seen at 10,000 metres. Cappellini dived as her recognition signals were out of date.

Comandante Alfredo Cappellini (CL, I.4, UIT.24)17 Dec 19421500Bordeaux17 Dec 19421730Pauillac35Passage Bordeaux-Pauillac. Delayed at Pauillac because of the presence of magnetic mines in the river.

Comandante Alfredo Cappellini (CL, I.4, UIT.24)20 Dec 19421330Pauillac20 Dec 19421630Le Verdon27Passage Pauillac-Le Verdon and trials off Le Verdon.

Comandante Alfredo Cappellini (CL, I.4, UIT.24)21 Dec 19420930Le Verdon21 Dec 19421900La Pallice77,3Passage Le Verdon-La Pallice and trials.

Comandante Alfredo Cappellini (CL, I.4, UIT.24)23 Dec 19420815La Pallice23 Dec 19421400La Pallice15Trials.

Comandante Alfredo Cappellini (CL, I.4, UIT.24)24 Dec 19421430La Pallice24 Dec 19421635La Pallice10Trials.

5.Comandante Alfredo Cappellini (CL, I.4, UIT.24)26 Dec 19421500La Pallice4 Mar 19431605Bordeaux9419Patrolled northwest of Cape Verde Islands, North of Brazil and on meridian 500 miles east of Trinidad (she was equipped with Metox). Patrol was marred by various defects. The submarine was armed with four S.I.C. (magnetic pistols) torpedoes, but three experienced battery problems and had to be replaced with regular torpedoes.
  28 Dec 19420500-053044° 20'N, 5° 36'WAt 0500 hours, an unidentified submarine was observed and it turned toward Cappellini. The Italian submarine dived.
  29 Dec 1942200044° 19'N, 9° 00'WAt 2000 hours, an aircraft was seen at 8,000 metres and the submarine dived.
  30 Dec 1942003044° 02'N, 9° 30'WAt 0030 hours, an aircraft was detected with Metox. Apparently this was the first time Metox was used by an Italian submarine. It proved very useful, especially in the Bay of Biscay. Cappellini dived.
  30 Dec 1942202043° 20'N, 10° 24'WAt 2020 hours, an aircraft was detected with Metox and the submarine dived.
  2 Jan 1943183038° 59'N, 17° 58'WAt 1830 hours, an aircraft was seen at 15,000 metres and the submarine dived.
  26 Jan 194315301° 00'S, 39° 20'WAt 1830 hours, an aircraft was seen at 12,000 metres and the submarine dived.
  26 Jan 194317251° 03'S, 39° 21'WAt 1725 hours, a seaplane was seen at 10,000 metres and the submarine dived.
  27 Jan 194321430° 10'N, 40° 25'WAt 2143 hours, an aircraft was seen at 9,000 metres and the submarine dived.
  12 Feb 19431216At 1216 hours, an illuminated ship was sighted at 8,000 metres steering 175°. The submarine attempted to investigate but could not close and, at 2319 hours, resumed her original course.
  19 Feb 19432040At 2040 hours, a ship was sighted at 10,000 metres. The submarine attempted to intercept but lost contact.
  24 Feb 19431413
1411 (e)
38° 00'N, 17° 05'W
(e) 38° 50'N, 16° 37'W
At 1413 hours, a twin-engine seaplane was sighted. Cappellini dived. This was Catalina 'D' of 202 Squadron, piloted by Flight Lieutenant C.J. Le Couteur. It had sighted the Italian submarine and employed baiting tactics, hoping the submarine would surface again in a short time.
  24 Feb 19431557
1545A (e)
38° 05'N, 17° 01'W
(e) 38° 58'N, 16° 34'W
At 1557 hours, Cappellini had surfaced again when, at 9,000 metres, a large aircraft of the Consolidated type (Catalina) was sighted. T.V. Revedin had ordered the machine guns to be manned, but the order was misinterpreted to be for diving. Cappellini was rocked by five explosions as she was submerging as well as strafed by machine guns. The aircraft was again Catalina 'D' of 202 Squadron whose patience had been rewarded when the Italian submarine was sighted at 16 miles. She had maneuvered to get the sun immediately astern and swooped down to the attack. Her six Mark XI Torpex depth charges had straddled the submarine.

The submarine was damaged, but temporary repairs were made.
  24 Feb 1943230638° 00'N, 17° 05'W
(0) Approximately.
At 2306 hours, an aircraft was detected by Metox and Cappellini dived. At a depth of 30 metres, a leak developed preventing the submarine from going deeper.
  25 Feb 1943012938° 00'N, 17° 05'W
(0) Approximately.
At 0129 hours, an aircraft was detected with Metox. The submarine dived to 30 metres but the Metox broke down.
  28 Feb 1943011543° 44'N, 9° 55'WAt 0129 hours, an aircraft was detected with Metox. The submarine dived but again the Metox broke down.
  2 Mar 1943194544° 05'N, 6° 18'WAt 1945 hours, a four-engine aircraft was seen and the submarine dived.
  4 Mar 19430420At 0420 hours, an aircraft was detected with Metox. The submarine dived.
  4 Mar 19430521At 0521 hours, an aircraft was detected with Metox. The submarine dived.
  4 Mar 19430750-0822At 0722 hours, an aircraft was detected with Metox. Cappellini, already late on schedule, remained on the surface with gun crews at the ready but was not attacked.

Vortice (VR)12 Jul 19430845Monfalcone12 Jul 19431250Monfalcone49Trials and exercises.

Vortice (VR)15 Jul 19431010Monfalcone15 Jul 19431915Pola66Passage Monfalcone-Pola.

Vortice (VR)16 Jul 19431718Pola16 Jul 19432110Pola41,6Exercises.

Vortice (VR)17 Jul 19431030Pola17 Jul 19431415Pola40,2Exercises.

Vortice (VR)17 Jul 19431713Pola19 Jul 19430915Taranto557,4Passage Pola-Taranto. Vortice was informed that she could encounter the minelayers Barletta and Morosini.

Vortice (VR)22 Jul 19430410Taranto22 Jul 19432112Taranto117,1Diving trials (130 metres) in 40°26'30'N, 16°59'20'E and exercises, escorted by the submarine Rismondo. The submarine Argo was supposed to join, but was sent on patrol instead.

Vortice (VR)27 Jul 19430508Taranto28 Jul 19430228Taranto137,9Trials and exercises.

Vortice (VR)5 Aug 19430522Taranto5 Aug 19431825Taranto63,7Exercises.

Vortice (VR)8 Aug 19430532Taranto8 Aug 19432028Taranto92Exercises.

Vortice (VR)9 Aug 19430840Taranto9 Aug 19431512Taranto37,2Exercises.

Vortice (VR)11 Aug 19430555Taranto11 Aug 19431921Taranto73,1Exercises.

Vortice (VR)13 Aug 19431207Taranto13 Aug 19431904Taranto75,9Exercises.

Vortice (VR)15 Aug 19431235Taranto15 Aug 19431932TarantoExercises.

Vortice (VR)16 Aug 19431207Taranto16 Aug 19431917Taranto65,6Exercises.

Vortice (VR)20 Aug 19431400Taranto21 Aug 19430005Taranto35,8Exercises.

Vortice (VR)21 Aug 19430801Taranto21 Aug 19431206Taranto32Exercises.

Vortice (VR)23 Aug 19431205Taranto23 Aug 19431950Taranto55,9Exercises.

Vortice (VR)25 Aug 19430745Taranto25 Aug 19431912Taranto65Exercises.

Vortice (VR)27 Aug 19430605Taranto27 Aug 19431227Taranto49,1Exercises with the steam trawler Claretta.

Vortice (VR)28 Aug 19431200Taranto28 Aug 19431850Taranto71,4Exercises with the submarine Atropo and the steam trawler Claretta.

6.Vortice (VR)3 Sep 19430010Taranto9 Sep 19431636Augusta762,9Sailed for patrol off Calabria, between 37°34'N and Sicilian coast, 15°46'E and 15°54'E Encountered HMS Hurworth at 0909 hours on 9th September and directed to Augusta to surrender.
  4 Sep 1943033438° 01'N, 16° 33'EAt 0334 hours, a destroyer was sighted at a distance of 3,000 metres, slowly moving on a NW course. It turned toward the submarine. Vortice dived at 0335 hours.
  5 Sep 1943234437° 41'N, 15° 51'EAt 2344 hours, a destroyer was sighted at a distance of 4,000 metres on a NE course at 8 knots. Vortice dived a minute later.
  6 Sep 1943034537° 39'N, 15° 50'EAt 0345 hours, a submarine was sighted at a distance of 4,000 metres. Vortice dived immediately.
  9 Sep 19430825
0926 (e)
37° 30'N, 15° 56'EAt 0825 hours, four British destroyers were sighted at a distance of 4,000 metres. One of them, HMS Hurworth, closed the submarine to a distance of 100 meters and ordered her to Augusta. Vortice executed the order which was confirmed by MARICOSOM at 0905 hours.
  9 Sep 19431555
(0) Off Augusta.
At 1555 hours, the British motor launch HDML 1145 was met and led the submarine into Augusta.

Vortice (VR)16 Sep 19430605Augusta17 Sep 19431839Malta100,2Passage Augusta-Malta with Bragadino, Squalo and Zoea [escorted by BYMS 28 ?].

Vortice (VR)1 Oct 19430801Marsa Scirocco (Malta)1 Oct 19431300La Valette29,5Passage Marsa Scirocco-Valletta.

Vortice (VR)5 Oct 19431535Malta7 Oct 19431003Naples400,4Passage Malta-Naples escorted by minesweeper HMS Stornoway. She was fitted with a German attack instrument and it was proposed to examine it, but this had already been done on Marea. The submarine was used to supply power to the city of Naples.

Vortice (VR)30 Nov 19430801Naples30 Nov 19431300Naples29,5Exercises.

Vortice (VR)1 Dec 19431005Naples1 Dec 19431532Naples31,9Exercises and passage to Castellmare di Stabia and return.

Vortice (VR)2 Dec 19431130Naples2 Dec 19431318Castellammare di Stabia13,8Passage Naples-Castellammare di Stabia.

Vortice (VR)5 Dec 19431250Castellammare di Stabia7 Dec 19431550Taranto492,6Passage Castellammare di Stabia-Taranto.

Fratelli Bandiera (BA)17 Dec 1943Naples20 Apr 1944NaplesRefit in Naples. Change in command.

Ruggiero Settimo (RS)26 Apr 19440710Taranto26 Apr 19441605Taranto32Exercises.

Ruggiero Settimo (RS)29 Apr 19440635Taranto29 Apr 19441415Taranto33Exercises.

Ruggiero Settimo (RS)1 May 19440705Taranto1 May 19441400Taranto26Exercises.

Ruggiero Settimo (RS)6 May 19440610Taranto6 May 19441145Taranto26Exercises.

Ruggiero Settimo (RS)8 May 19440700Taranto8 May 19441258Taranto17,5Exercises.

Ruggiero Settimo (RS)10 May 19440700Taranto10 May 19441405Taranto28Exercises.

Ruggiero Settimo (RS)15 May 19440651Taranto15 May 19441435Taranto25Exercises.

Ruggiero Settimo (RS)21 May 19440700Taranto21 May 19441437Taranto25Exercises.

Ruggiero Settimo (RS)27 May 19440650Taranto27 May 19441435Taranto30Exercises then refit.

Ruggiero Settimo (RS)5 Jul 19440747Taranto5 Jul 19441147Taranto18Trials.

Ruggiero Settimo (RS)15 Jul 19440549Taranto15 Jul 19441415Taranto27Exercises.

Ruggiero Settimo (RS)19 Jul 19440549Taranto19 Jul 19441510Taranto45Exercises.

Ruggiero Settimo (RS)21 Jul 19440543Taranto21 Jul 19441421Taranto40,5Exercises.

Ruggiero Settimo (RS)29 Jul 19440613Taranto29 Jul 19441319Taranto29Exercises.

Ruggiero Settimo (RS)2 Aug 19440608Taranto2 Aug 19441547Taranto38,9Exercises.

Ruggiero Settimo (RS)4 Aug 19440600Taranto4 Aug 19441540Taranto37,7Exercises.

Ruggiero Settimo (RS)7 Aug 19440610Taranto7 Aug 19441530Taranto40,7Exercises.

Ruggiero Settimo (RS)22 Aug 19441225Taranto22 Aug 19442005Taranto37,1Exercises.

Ruggiero Settimo (RS)25 Aug 19440600Taranto25 Aug 19441230Taranto22Exercises.

Ruggiero Settimo (RS)1 Sep 19440603Taranto1 Sep 19441419Taranto29,5Exercises.

Ruggiero Settimo (RS)8 Sep 19440907Taranto8 Sep 19441645Taranto25,5Exercises.

Turchese (TC)14 Sep 1944Brindisi22 Nov 1944BrindisiRefit in Brindisi. Change in command.

Ruggiero Settimo (RS)9 Feb 19451315Taranto9 Feb 19452314Taranto29,1Exercises.

Ruggiero Settimo (RS)12 Feb 19451327Taranto12 Feb 19452140Taranto32,5Exercises.

Ruggiero Settimo (RS)19 Feb 19451335Taranto19 Feb 19452141Taranto37,2Exercises.

Ruggiero Settimo (RS)21 Feb 19450803Taranto21 Feb 19451450Taranto26,2Exercises.

Ruggiero Settimo (RS)28 Feb 19450752Taranto28 Feb 19451620Taranto20,5Exercises.

Ruggiero Settimo (RS)2 Mar 19450747Taranto2 Mar 19451551Taranto35,5Exercises.

Ruggiero Settimo (RS)7 Mar 19450758Taranto7 Mar 19451540Taranto37,5Exercises.

Ruggiero Settimo (RS)9 Mar 19450800Taranto9 Mar 19451545Taranto33,7Exercises.

Ruggiero Settimo (RS)15 Mar 19450930Taranto15 Mar 19451526Taranto34Exercises.

Ruggiero Settimo (RS)21 Mar 19451326Taranto21 Mar 19452055Taranto27,6Exercises.

Ruggiero Settimo (RS)23 Mar 19450757Taranto23 Mar 19451537Taranto32,5Exercises.

Ruggiero Settimo (RS)28 Mar 19450757Taranto28 Mar 19451656Taranto32Exercises.

Ruggiero Settimo (RS)6 May 1945Taranto5 Jun 1945TarantoIn Taranto. Change in command.

156 entries. 88 total patrol entries (6 marked as war patrols) and 73 events.

Italian Commanders

Italian Submarines