Italian submarines in World War Two


Uarsciek (UR)
Uarsciek

TypeCoastal / Sea going 
ClassAdua (23) 
Laid down 2 Dec 1936 Cantieri Navale Tosi di Taranto, Taranto
Launched19 Sep 1937
Commissioned4 Dec 1937
End service
Stricken
Loss date15 Dec 1942
Loss position35° 18'N, 14° 25'E
History
Fate Sank in tow south of Malta in position 35°18N, 14°25'E after being depth charged and forced to surface by the British destroyer HMS Petard and the Greek destroyer Vasilissa Olga.

Commands

CommanderDate fromDate toCommand
T.V. Carlo Zanchi10 Mar 1940
C.C. Mario Resio10 Oct 194013 Nov 1940
T.V. Bruno Ghersina14 Nov 194031 Dec 1940
T.V. Alberto Campanella1 Jan 194117 Jun 1941
T.V. Raffaello Allegri17 Jun 194112 Dec 1941
S.T.V. Mario Fiorini12 Dec 194125 Dec 1941
S.T.V. Pietro Scarpellini25 Dec 194131 Dec 1941
C.C. Raffaello Allegri5 Feb 194222 Jun 1942
T.V. Gaetano Arezzo Della Targia22 Jun 194215 Dec 1942

Patrols and events

 CommanderDateTimePortArr. dateArr. timeArr. portMilesDescription
1Zanchi, Carlo8 Jun 19401610Taranto21 Jun 19401830Taranto841Patrolled south of Cephalonia, within 5 miles from 38°00'N, 20°26'E and Bay of Argostoli, then refit. Only neutral vessels sighted.

Zanchi, Carlo26 Aug 19400735Taranto26 Aug 19401525Taranto45Exercises.

Zanchi, Carlo27 Aug 19401340Taranto27 Aug 19401816Taranto29Exercises.

Zanchi, Carlo28 Aug 19401335Taranto28 Aug 19401914Taranto45Exercises.

Zanchi, Carlo3 Sep 19401030Taranto3 Sep 19401140Taranto1Changed anchorage.

Zanchi, Carlo4 Sep 19400645Taranto4 Sep 19401259Taranto26Exercises.

Zanchi, Carlo5 Sep 19401525Taranto5 Sep 19401545Taranto0,3Changed anchorage.

2Zanchi, Carlo6 Sep 19402325Taranto22 Sep 19401815Benghazi600Patrolled between Sidi Barrani and Mersa Matruh, between 32°20'N and Egyptian coast, and between 26°00'E and 26°40'E, on a patrol line with Ondina. Cut short because several members fell sick and one later died. Caused by mercury poisoning (first symptom at 0830 hours on the 15th).
  7 Sep 19402050
(0) 138° - Cape Colonne - 14 miles.
At 2050 hours, a destroyer was sighted arriving at full speed, this was the Italian destroyer Granatiere who sighted Uarsciek at a distance of 5,000 metres and mistook her for an enemy submarine of the PHOENIX or REGULUS class. The destroyer and attempted to ram the submarine after firing two salvoes from her forward guns and was joined by Bersagliere who also opened fire. The Italian warships were part of the advance screening force for the battleships Littorio, Cavour and Giulio Cesare.

Uarsciek crash dived to 90 meters, while Granatiere dropped six depth-charges and the submarine had minor damages. Part of the blame was on Uarsciek who was very slow at clearing Cape Colonne, having submerged since 1300 hours. Granatiere was reported to have avoided two torpedoes fired from the submarine but, this was not the case. There was no immediate realisation of the error and the destroyers Fuciliere and Alpino were sent to hunt the submarine.

Resio, Mario5 Nov 19402355Benghazi10 Nov 19401350Taranto703Passage Benghazi-Taranto using personnel from submarine Dagabur who had been brought by the destroyer Freccia. Uneventful.

Ghersina, Bruno19 Nov 19401430Taranto19 Nov 19401500Taranto0,5Entered dock.

Campanella, Alberto10 Jan 19410850Taranto10 Jan 19411645Taranto45,6Exercises.

Campanella, Alberto13 Jan 19410855Taranto13 Jan 19411430Taranto19,75Exercises.

Campanella, Alberto18 Jan 19410801Taranto18 Jan 19411550Taranto31,5Exercises.

Campanella, Alberto21 Jan 19410813Taranto21 Jan 19411540Taranto33,8Exercises.

Campanella, Alberto23 Jan 19410905Taranto23 Jan 19411145Taranto19Trials, escorted by the minesweeper R.D.24.

3Campanella, Alberto23 Jan 19411705Taranto24 Jan 19412204Taranto159,5Hydrophone watch. Uneventful.

4Campanella, Alberto25 Jan 19411945Taranto26 Jan 19411710Taranto116,6Hydrophone watch. Uneventful, except for sinking a derelict mine.

Campanella, Alberto27 Jan 19410710Taranto27 Jan 19411301Taranto28,9Exercises.

5Campanella, Alberto31 Jan 19410700Taranto12 Feb 19411400Taranto873Patrolled south of Otranto Straits within 10 miles from 38°40'N, 19°40'E. Uneventful.

Campanella, Alberto28 Feb 19410930Taranto28 Feb 19411004Taranto0,5Entered dock.

Campanella, Alberto3 Mar 19411030Taranto3 Mar 19411130Taranto0,3Entered dock.

Campanella, Alberto5 Mar 19410820Taranto5 Mar 19411220Taranto23Exercises escorted by the minesweeper R.D.30.

6Campanella, Alberto6 Mar 19411057Taranto18 Mar 19411225Taranto927Patrolled south of Otranto Straits within 10 miles from 38°40'N, 19°40'E. Uneventful.

Campanella, Alberto25 Mar 19410930Taranto25 Mar 19411000Taranto0,5Entered dock.

Campanella, Alberto4 Apr 19411015Taranto4 Apr 19411540Taranto34Exercises with the tug Littoria.

Campanella, Alberto9 Apr 19410930Taranto9 Apr 19411600Taranto35,8Exercises.

Campanella, Alberto15 Apr 19410804Taranto15 Apr 19411600Taranto42,9Exercises, escorted by the pilot vessel Limbara.

Campanella, Alberto19 Apr 19410704Taranto19 Apr 19410808Taranto1,5Exercises?

Campanella, Alberto20 Apr 19410810Taranto20 Apr 19411355Taranto28,8Exercises escorted by the fishing vessel Sparviero.

7Campanella, Alberto21 Apr 19411230Taranto30 Apr 19411130Taranto870Patrolled south of Otranto Straits between 39°00'N and 39°40'N, and between 19°10'E and 19°50'E. Uneventful.

Campanella, Alberto12 May 19410845Taranto12 May 1941Time?Taranto27,8Exercises with the submarine Menotti.

8Campanella, Alberto13 May 19412255Taranto30 May 19411800Taranto1933Patrolled off Egyptian coast, between 31°40'N and 32°10'N, and between 26°20'E and 27°00'E, between Sidi Barrani and Mersa Matruh. Sighted fishing vessels twice and may have been hunted by one of them on 22nd May.
  21 May 19410800-1940
(0) Near Mersa Matruh?
At 0450 hours, the hydrophones picked up the sounds of three vessels.

At 0800 hours, the noises intensified and until 1940 hours, Uarsciek was subjected to prolonged depth-charging, but escaped.
  22 May 19411000-1100
(0) Near Mersa Matruh?
At 0430 hours, a vessel was detected with the hydrophones.

From 1000 to 1100 hours, Uarsciek was depth-charged by the vessel but managed to escape. She was again depth-charged very closely at 1600 hours, and the A/S hunt went on until 0010 hours on the 23rd.

At 0040 hours, the submarine surfaced after having spent 20 hours and 30 minutes submerged.
  23 May 19410530-1800
(0) Near Mersa Matruh?
From 0530 to 1800 hours, the submarine was hunted and heard 40 depth charge explosions.

Allegri, Raffaello17 Jun 19410530Taranto17 Jun 1941Time?Leros31Exercises, escorted by the pilot vessel Limbara.

9Allegri, Raffaello18 Jun 19411525Taranto4 Jul 19411430Leros1738Sailed for patrol through 34°40'N, 22°20'E and 33°20'N, 25°10'E and patrolled between 32°40'N and 32°54'N, 25°00'E and 25°20'E (or 31°45'N and Egyptian coast, 27°00'E and 27°20'E) off Mersa Matruh.
  24 Jun 19410313
(0) North of Mersa Matruh.
At 0313 hours, a dark vessel was sighted. The attack was aborted as the vessel may have been an Italian submarine.
  29 Jun 19411445
(0) Off Marsa Matruh.
At 1445 hours, two vessels were sighted at a distance of 10,000 metres. It was believed they might be a cruiser and a steamer apparently waiting for other ships. The attack was aborted as the submarine could not close the range.

These were probably the sloop HMS Flamingo, the gunboat HMS Cricket and the armed whaler HMSAS Southern Isles about to escort the Greek steamers Antiklia (1,014 GRT, built 1892) and Miranda (278 GRT, built 1919) from Mersa Matruh to Tobruk.
  1 Jul 19411445
(0) Off Marsa Matruh.
At 1445 hours, two cruisers of the DANAE class were sighted at 10,000 metres. The submarine could not close to less than 8,000 meters.

10Allegri, Raffaello22 Jul 19412230Leros1 Aug 19410002Taranto1242Patrolled north of Ras Haleima (31°38'N, 25°54'E) from 25-29.7.41, between 31°40'N and 32°20'N, and between 26°00'E and 26°20'E.
  28 Jul 1941172531° 38'N, 25° 54'E
(0) Approximately.
At 1725 hours, the noises of a vessel were picked up with the hydrophones. The submarine came to periscope depth and observed a destroyer at a distance of 13,000 metres. It passed out of range.
  29 Jul 19411630
1706 or 1406 GMT (e)
At 1630 hours, an enemy twin-engine bomber was sighted and attacked from the stern flying at a height of 500 metres. Uarsciek opened fire with her machine-guns. The aircraft dropped four bombs which fell 150 metres astern. After about 15 minutes , the aircraft flew away.

This was Blenheim 'Y' (Z.6445) of 203 Squadron piloted by Flying Officer Coates. It had sighted a submarine flying the Italian flag, steering 320° at 12 knots. The aircraft dived from 1,400 feet and dropped four 250lb SAP bombs. The submarine made an evasive turn and the nearest bomb fell 30 yards astern.
  29 Jul 19411745
1845 (e)
At 1745 hours, a three-engine (sic) Bristol Blenheim bomber was sighted flying toward the submarine. Uarsciek opened accurate fire with her machine-guns, which kept the aircraft at bay for 30 minutes. As the submarine submerged, the aircraft dived to the attack and was seen to drop two groups of three bombs, which fell about 200 metres ahead.

This was Blenheim 'N' (Z.6431) of 203 Squadron piloted by Sergeant E. Langston. The aircraft must have suffered some damage as the undercarriage collapsed when it landed at the Mersa Matruh airstrip. The crew was uninjured, but the aircraft was written off.

Allegri, Raffaello6 Sep 19410835Taranto6 Sep 19411456Taranto35Exercises.

Allegri, Raffaello10 Sep 19411325Taranto10 Sep 19411820Taranto28,5Exercises with the torpedo boat Prestinari.

Allegri, Raffaello13 Sep 19410823Taranto13 Sep 19411627Taranto51,8Exercises, escorted by MAS 4/D.

Allegri, Raffaello15 Sep 19410820Taranto15 Sep 19411654Taranto41,5Exercises, escorted by MAS 4/D.

Allegri, Raffaello24 Sep 19410600Taranto24 Sep 19411410Taranto21,8Exercises with the torpedo boat Altair.

Allegri, Raffaello29 Sep 19410800Taranto29 Sep 19411420Taranto34,2Exercises with the torpedo boat Aretusa.

Allegri, Raffaello5 Oct 19410740Taranto6 Oct 19411515Taranto43,1Exercises, escorted by MAS 3/D and R.1440.

Allegri, Raffaello18 Oct 19410942Taranto18 Oct 19411720Taranto27,8Exercises with the submarine Menotti, escorted by MAS 3/D.

11Allegri, Raffaello19 Oct 19412055Taranto1 Nov 19411415Taranto1533Patrolled 30 miles north of Ras Amer [32°56'N, 21°42'E]. Uneventful. Heard only H.E. Returned via 33°38'N, 21°40'E.

Allegri, Raffaello9 Nov 19410748Taranto11 Nov 19411139Pola565Passage Taranto-Pola.

Fiorini, Mario12 Dec 1941Pola25 Dec 1941PolaRefit at Pola.

Scarpellini, Pietro25 Dec 1941Pola31 Dec 1941PolaRefit at Pola.

Allegri, Raffaello27 Feb 19420825Pola27 Feb 19421600Pola35Exercises.

Allegri, Raffaello3 Mar 19420805Pola3 Mar 19421610Pola9Exercises.

Allegri, Raffaello5 Mar 19421240Pola5 Mar 19421850Pola39Exercises.

Allegri, Raffaello7 Mar 19420906Pola7 Mar 19421050Pola6Exercises.

Allegri, Raffaello8 Mar 19420330Pola10 Mar 19421620Messina634Passage Pola-Messina.
  8 Mar 19421515At 1515 hours, a derelict mine was sighted and sunk by machine-gun fire.

12Allegri, Raffaello11 Mar 19420040Messina13 Mar 19420939Messina382,8Patrolled east of Malta, between 35°20' and 35°40'N, and between 16°20'E and 17°00'E. Uneventful.

Allegri, Raffaello25 Mar 19420855Messina25 Mar 19421150Messina17,6Exercises, escorted by the auxiliary Marras.

Allegri, Raffaello26 Mar 19421408Messina26 Mar 19421715Messina22,8Exercises, escorted by the auxiliary Marras.

Allegri, Raffaello29 Mar 19421355Messina29 Mar 19421655Messina17,8Exercises, escorted by the auxiliaries Marzano and Marras.

13Allegri, Raffaello6 Apr 19421945Messina24 Apr 19420650Messina1970Patrolled north of Cyrenaica, between 33°55'N and 34°05'N, and between 22°50'E and 23°50'E. Uneventful.
  9 Apr 19421308At 1308 hours, four aircraft were sighted and the submarine dived.
  10 Apr 19421341At 1341 hours, five aircraft were sighted and the submarine dived.
  11 Apr 19421355At 1355 hours, five aircraft were sighted and the submarine dived.

Allegri, Raffaello8 May 19420400Messina9 May 19421710Cagliari375Exercises, escorted by the torpedo boat Dezza, then proceeded to Cagliari.

14Allegri, Raffaello10 May 19422020Cagliari26 May 19420810Cagliari1558Patrolled north of Tunisia, between 37°20'N and 38°00'N, and between 09°20'E and 09°40'E. From 14 May, between 37°20'N and 38°00'N, and between 06°20'E and 06°40'E. From 17 May, between 37°20'N and 37°45'N, and between 09°00'E and 09°40'E. Uneventful. Heard only H.E. and distant explosions.

Allegri, Raffaello12 Jun 19420813Cagliari12 Jun 19421013Cagliari15Exercises.

15Allegri, Raffaello12 Jun 19421530Cagliari17 Jun 19422145Cagliari585Patrolled with the submarines Bronzo, Giada, Otaria and Acciaio in Grid 4025 (38°10'N, 05°10'E), between 38°00'N and 38°20'N, and between 05°20'E and 05°40'E to intercept enemy convoy to Malta. On 14th June, ordered to Grid 9054, between 37°20'N and 37°40'N, and between 06°00'E and 06°20'E.
  14 Jun 19420152
0255 (e)
38° 02'N, 5° 06'EAt 0140 hours, Uarsciek was proceeding on the surface when a shadow was sighted on the starboard bow. The submarine closed to 3,000 metres on her diesels before switching to the electric motors to avoid being seen. This was the enemy convoy.

At 0152 hours, the range had closed to 2,500 metres when two larger vessels were seen and, though the outline could not be determined with certainty, C.C. Raffaelo Allegri guessed they were aircraft carriers. Two torpedoes (533mm) were fired from the bow tubes. A third misfired, so he ordered the firing of a fourth torpedo (450mm, W.200 type). The submarine remained on the surface so results could be observed. About 90 seconds later, a destroyer was seen approaching so Uarsciek crash-dived.
The submarine had reached a depth of 35 metres when a loud explosion was heard 135 seconds after the first torpedo was fired and another 15 seconds later. Expecting a depth charging to follow, Uarsciek was taken down to 120 metres.

The targets were the aircraft carriers HMS Eagle and HMS Argus (operation HARPOON). They were missed. They reported underwater explosions at 0255 hours but it is not clear if these were related to this attack.
  15 Jun 1942084537° 16'N, 6° 16'EAt 0845 hours, an enemy naval force including an aircraft carrier, a battleship, several cruisers and destroyers was sighted. These were probably the aircraft carriers HMS Eagle and HMS Argus, the battleship HMS Malaya, the light cruisers HMS Kenya, HMS Liverpool and HMS Charybdis and escorting destroyers (operation HARPOON).

The submarine could not close but, at 0935 hours, sighted an enemy destroyer and attempted, in vain, to close to attack. At 1015 hours, Uarsciek surfaced and made an enemy report only to be forced down by an aircraft at 1018 hours.

Allegri, Raffaello19 Jun 19420801Cagliari19 Jun 19421515Cagliari27Exercises.

16Arezzo Della Targia, Gaetano23 Jun 19420600Cagliari24 Jun 19420715Cagliari209Sailed to form a patrol line with Velella, Malachite and Giada off Cape Blanc, between 37°20'N and 37°50'N, and between 09°20'E and 09°40'E, but then recalled at 2010 hours on the 23rd.

Arezzo Della Targia, Gaetano1 Jul 19421600Cagliari2 Jul 19421110La Maddalena200Passage Cagliari-La Maddalena.

Arezzo Della Targia, Gaetano25 Jul 19420728La Maddalena25 Jul 19421312La Maddalena44Exercises.

17Arezzo Della Targia, Gaetano4 Aug 19420404La Maddalena17 Aug 19420818La Maddalena889Sailed with Giada for a patrol north-west of Cape Caxine, between 37°40'N and 38°00'N, and between 01°40'E and 02°00'E.
  11 Aug 19420442
0431 (e)
37° 52'N, 1° 48'EAt 0340 hours, the hydrophones picked up vessel noises to the west. The submarine surfaced at 0400 hours and proceeded toward them in low visibility.

At 0438 hours, a shadow was sighted and soon recognised as an aircraft carrier of the SARATOGA class (but later believed to have been perhaps HMS Furious) steering 090° at 16 knots on opposite course.

At 0442 hours, three torpedoes (533mm) were fired from the bow tubes at a range of 1,000 metres. However the phosphorescence of the tracks must have been observed and T.V. Gaetano Arezzo Della Targia decided to dive before firing the fourth torpedo (450mm). He had barely slid down to the control room when two loud explosions were heard about 50 seconds after firing. At 0447 hours, the first depth charges exploded, followed by several more.

The targets were vessels of Force "R": Fleet oil tankers Brown Ranger (3,417 GRT, built 1941) and Dingledale (8,145 GRT, built 1941) with the tugs HMS Jaunty and HMS Salvonia screened by the corvettes HMS Jonquil, HMS Coltsfoot, HMS Geranium and HMS Spiraea (operation PEDESTAL). All the torpedoes missed.

HMS Coltsfoot, screening force "R", reported two torpedoes breaking surface and dropped five depth charges at 0447 hours. This was followed by three patterns of five, five and ten depth-charges.
  13 Aug 1942060537° 14'N, 0° 31'EAt 0605 hours, the submarine submerged and in the next hours heard several explosions, some distant and some quite near, attributed to aircraft bombs.

Arezzo Della Targia, Gaetano2 Sep 19422050La Maddalena4 Sep 19420900Messina368Passage La Maddalena-Messina. Slightly damaged while docking upon arrival.
  3 Sep 1942103040° 17'N, 12° 02'EAt 1030 hours, two German sumarines were sighted on opposite course (probably U-565 and U-83 on passage from Messina to La Spezia).

Arezzo Della Targia, Gaetano15 Sep 19421105Messina15 Sep 19421340Messina12,6Trials, escorted by AS.45.

Arezzo Della Targia, Gaetano16 Sep 19420907Messina16 Sep 19421130Messina13Trials.

Arezzo Della Targia, Gaetano5 Oct 19420830Messina5 Oct 19421209Messina24Exercises.

Arezzo Della Targia, Gaetano17 Oct 19420843Messina17 Oct 19421134Messina16Exercises.

Arezzo Della Targia, Gaetano22 Oct 19420842Messina22 Oct 19421142Messina1Exercises.

18Arezzo Della Targia, Gaetano31 Oct 19421833Messina4 Nov 19421310TobrukTransport mission to Tobruk (19 tons of ammunition).
  2 Nov 1942080835° 18'N, 21° 54'EAt 0808 hours, an aircraft was seen and the submarine dived. Numerous Italian aircraft were also seen during the forenoon.
  2 Nov 1942125234° 54'N, 22° 31'EAt 1252 hours, three aircraft were seen and the submarine dived.
  3 Nov 1942012433° 11'N, 23° 31'EAt 0124 hours, an Axis barge convoy was seen. Uarsciek turned away.

18bArezzo Della Targia, Gaetano4 Nov 19421830Tobruk9 Nov 19420134TripoliReturn trip. Ordered to intercept an enemy convoy, but developed engine defects and had to be diverted to Tripoli.
  5 Nov 1942053032° 34'N, 23° 28'EAt 0530 hours, a vessel initially believed to be a submarine was sighted. Since an enemy submarine had been reported in the area, Uarsciek investigated it but discovered that it was actually a minesweeper.
  6 Nov 1942091534° 22'N, 21° 23'EAt 0915 hours, an aircraft was seen and the submarine dived. She later sighted several aircraft, a convoy and sailing vessels.
  6 Nov 1942131734° 56'N, 20° 58'EAt 1317 hours, a German aircraft was seen and exchanged recognition signals.

At 1815 hours, the submarine was informed of the passage of an enemy convoy and proceeded to intercept, but engine defects forced her to be diverted to Tripoli for repairs.
  7 Nov 1942144534° 44'N, 16° 28'EAt 1445 hours, an aircraft was seen and the submarine dived.

18cArezzo Della Targia, Gaetano14 Nov 19421300Tripoli16 Nov 19421434Messina1906Passage Tripoli-Messina.
  15 Nov 1942135134° 59'N, 16° 20'EAt 1351 hours, two aircraft were seen and the submarine dived.

Arezzo Della Targia, Gaetano30 Nov 19421430Messina30 Nov 19421830Messina27Trials.

Arezzo Della Targia, Gaetano1 Dec 19421700Messina2 Dec 19421207Naples195Passage Messina-Naples, transporting four G7e torpedoes.

Arezzo Della Targia, Gaetano8 Dec 19421700Naples9 Dec 19421904Augusta255Passage Naples-Augusta.

19Arezzo Della Targia, Gaetano11 Dec 19421725Augusta15 Dec 19421133SunkSailed for patrol between 35°00'N and 35°20'N, and between 14°30'E and 14°50'E (or 35°00'N and 35°10'N, 14°20'E and 14°40'E) via 37°00'N, 15°40'E, this was to cover, with Topazio, the passage of convoy Foscolo escorted by the destroyer Freccia. Sunk south of Malta by the destroyers HMS Petard and RHS Vasilissa Olga. Two officers and fifteen ratings were killed, thirty were rescued.
  15 Dec 1942
0305 (e)

(e) 35° 08'N, 14° 22'E
At 0305 hours, Lieutenant Dunbar Nasmith, Officer of the Watch of the destroyer HMS Petard, sighted a vessel at 3,000 yards on the port bow. This was soon recognised to be a surfaced submarine. As there was a possibility that the British submarine HMS P 35 was in the area, a challenge was made. The submarine did not reply and dived. The destroyer turned to the attack and dropped a single depth charge.

This was Uarsciek and she fired her two stern torpedoes at the destroyer. The depth charge explosion was mistaken for a torpedo hit. The British destroyer was soon joined in the hunt by the Hellenic destroyer RHS Vasilissa Olga (aka Queen Olga) who dropped a pattern of six depth charges.

The submarine was seen to break surface on the port bow of HMS Petard and she opened fire with her 4.7" guns. In a short span of time, ten rounds were fired of which four were direct hits. The submarine crew was observed to abandon ship and the British destroyer tried to come alongside but she came too fast and collided with Uarsciek. During this time, the smaller weapons were raking the unfortunate submarine, killing a number of men. A whaler was lowered and Lieutenant Nasmith managed to board the submarine and recover a number of books (among them the SM45S Codice Operativo Sommergibili and Meteo Marina Code S.M.502S Allegato no.5). An attempt was made to take the U-boat in tow and bring her to Malta but, at 1133 hours, she sank rapidly in 35°18'N, 14°25'E.

T.V. Gaetano Arezzo Della Targia, another officer and fifteen ratings were killed. Thirty men were rescued.

94 entries. 79 total patrol entries (19 marked as war patrols) and 28 events.

Events

GH 09.03.2021: This table kept here until we make fix the possible missing events in table above

CommanderDateTimePositionDescription
Carlo Zanchi7 Sep 19402050(o) 138° - Cape Colonne - 14 miles.At 2050 hours, a destroyer was sighted arriving at full speed, this was the Italian destroyer Granatiere who sighted Uarsciek at a distance of 5,000 metres and mistook her for an enemy submarine of the PHOENIX or REGULUS class. The destroyer and attempted to ram the submarine after firing two salvoes from her forward guns and was joined by Bersagliere who also opened fire. The Italian warships were part of the advance screening force for the battleships Littorio, Cavour and Giulio Cesare.

Uarsciek crash dived to 90 meters, while Granatiere dropped six depth-charges and the submarine had minor damages. Part of the blame was on Uarsciek who was very slow at clearing Cape Colonne, having submerged since 1300 hours. Granatiere was reported to have avoided two torpedoes fired from the submarine but, this was not the case. There was no immediate realisation of the error and the destroyers Fuciliere and Alpino were sent to hunt the submarine.
Alberto Campanella21 May 19410800-1940(o) Near Mersa Matruh?At 0450 hours, the hydrophones picked up the sounds of three vessels.

At 0800 hours, the noises intensified and until 1940 hours, Uarsciek was subjected to prolonged depth-charging, but escaped.
Alberto Campanella22 May 19411000-1100(o) Near Mersa Matruh?At 0430 hours, a vessel was detected with the hydrophones.

From 1000 to 1100 hours, Uarsciek was depth-charged by the vessel but managed to escape. She was again depth-charged very closely at 1600 hours, and the A/S hunt went on until 0010 hours on the 23rd.

At 0040 hours, the submarine surfaced after having spent 20 hours and 30 minutes submerged.
Alberto Campanella23 May 19410530-1800(o) Near Mersa Matruh?From 0530 to 1800 hours, the submarine was hunted and heard 40 depth charge explosions.
Raffaello Allegri24 Jun 19410313(o) North of Mersa Matruh.At 0313 hours, a dark vessel was sighted. The attack was aborted as the vessel may have been an Italian submarine.
Raffaello Allegri29 Jun 19411445(o) Off Marsa Matruh.At 1445 hours, two vessels were sighted at a distance of 10,000 metres. It was believed they might be a cruiser and a steamer apparently waiting for other ships. The attack was aborted as the submarine could not close the range.

These were probably the sloop HMS Flamingo, the gunboat HMS Cricket and the armed whaler HMSAS Southern Isles about to escort the Greek steamers Antiklia (1,014 GRT, built 1892) and Miranda (278 GRT, built 1919) from Mersa Matruh to Tobruk.
Raffaello Allegri1 Jul 19411445(o) Off Marsa Matruh.At 1445 hours, two cruisers of the DANAE class were sighted at 10,000 metres. The submarine could not close to less than 8,000 meters.
Raffaello Allegri28 Jul 1941172531.38 N, 25.54 E
(o) Approximately.
At 1725 hours, the noises of a vessel were picked up with the hydrophones. The submarine came to periscope depth and observed a destroyer at a distance of 13,000 metres. It passed out of range.
Raffaello Allegri29 Jul 19411630
1706 or 1406 GMT (e)
(e) 34.25 N, 24.40 E
At 1630 hours, an enemy twin-engine bomber was sighted and attacked from the stern flying at a height of 500 metres. Uarsciek opened fire with her machine-guns. The aircraft dropped four bombs which fell 150 metres astern. After about 15 minutes , the aircraft flew away.

This was Blenheim 'Y' (Z.6445) of 203 Squadron piloted by Flying Officer Coates. It had sighted a submarine flying the Italian flag, steering 320° at 12 knots. The aircraft dived from 1,400 feet and dropped four 250lb SAP bombs. The submarine made an evasive turn and the nearest bomb fell 30 yards astern.
Raffaello Allegri29 Jul 19411745
1845 (e)
(e) 33.29 N, 24.30 E
At 1745 hours, a three-engine (sic) Bristol Blenheim bomber was sighted flying toward the submarine. Uarsciek opened accurate fire with her machine-guns, which kept the aircraft at bay for 30 minutes. As the submarine submerged, the aircraft dived to the attack and was seen to drop two groups of three bombs, which fell about 200 metres ahead.

This was Blenheim 'N' (Z.6431) of 203 Squadron piloted by Sergeant E. Langston. The aircraft must have suffered some damage as the undercarriage collapsed when it landed at the Mersa Matruh airstrip. The crew was uninjured, but the aircraft was written off.
Raffaello Allegri8 Mar 19421515At 1515 hours, a derelict mine was sighted and sunk by machine-gun fire.
Raffaello Allegri9 Apr 19421308At 1308 hours, four aircraft were sighted and the submarine dived.
Raffaello Allegri10 Apr 19421341At 1341 hours, five aircraft were sighted and the submarine dived.
Raffaello Allegri11 Apr 19421355At 1355 hours, five aircraft were sighted and the submarine dived.
Raffaello Allegri14 Jun 19420152
0255 (e)
38.02 N, 05.06 E
At 0140 hours, Uarsciek was proceeding on the surface when a shadow was sighted on the starboard bow. The submarine closed to 3,000 metres on her diesels before switching to the electric motors to avoid being seen. This was the enemy convoy.

At 0152 hours, the range had closed to 2,500 metres when two larger vessels were seen and, though the outline could not be determined with certainty, C.C. Raffaelo Allegri guessed they were aircraft carriers. Two torpedoes (533mm) were fired from the bow tubes. A third misfired, so he ordered the firing of a fourth torpedo (450mm, W.200 type). The submarine remained on the surface so results could be observed. About 90 seconds later, a destroyer was seen approaching so Uarsciek crash-dived.
The submarine had reached a depth of 35 metres when a loud explosion was heard 135 seconds after the first torpedo was fired and another 15 seconds later. Expecting a depth charging to follow, Uarsciek was taken down to 120 metres.

The targets were the aircraft carriers HMS Eagle and HMS Argus (operation HARPOON). They were missed. They reported underwater explosions at 0255 hours but it is not clear if these were related to this attack.
Raffaello Allegri15 Jun 1942084537.16 N, 06.16 E
At 0845 hours, an enemy naval force including an aircraft carrier, a battleship, several cruisers and destroyers was sighted. These were probably the aircraft carriers HMS Eagle and HMS Argus, the battleship HMS Malaya, the light cruisers HMS Kenya, HMS Liverpool and HMS Charybdis and escorting destroyers (operation HARPOON).

The submarine could not close but, at 0935 hours, sighted an enemy destroyer and attempted, in vain, to close to attack. At 1015 hours, Uarsciek surfaced and made an enemy report only to be forced down by an aircraft at 1018 hours.
Gaetano Arezzo Della Targia11 Aug 19420442
0431 (e)
37.52 N, 01.48 E
(e) 37.56 N, 01.49 E
At 0340 hours, the hydrophones picked up vessel noises to the west. The submarine surfaced at 0400 hours and proceeded toward them in low visibility.

At 0438 hours, a shadow was sighted and soon recognised as an aircraft carrier of the SARATOGA class (but later believed to have been perhaps HMS Furious) steering 090° at 16 knots on opposite course.

At 0442 hours, three torpedoes (533mm) were fired from the bow tubes at a range of 1,000 metres. However the phosphorescence of the tracks must have been observed and T.V. Gaetano Arezzo Della Targia decided to dive before firing the fourth torpedo (450mm). He had barely slid down to the control room when two loud explosions were heard about 50 seconds after firing. At 0447 hours, the first depth charges exploded, followed by several more.

The targets were vessels of Force "R": Fleet oil tankers Brown Ranger (3,417 GRT, built 1941) and Dingledale (8,145 GRT, built 1941) with the tugs HMS Jaunty and HMS Salvonia screened by the corvettes HMS Jonquil, HMS Coltsfoot, HMS Geranium and HMS Spiraea (operation PEDESTAL). All the torpedoes missed.

HMS Coltsfoot, screening force "R", reported two torpedoes breaking surface and dropped five depth charges at 0447 hours. This was followed by three patterns of five, five and ten depth-charges.
Gaetano Arezzo Della Targia13 Aug 1942060537.14 N, 00.31 E
At 0605 hours, the submarine submerged and in the next hours heard several explosions, some distant and some quite near, attributed to aircraft bombs.
Gaetano Arezzo Della Targia3 Sep 1942103040.17.5 N, 12.02.5 E
At 1030 hours, two German sumarines were sighted on opposite course (probably U-565 and U-83 on passage from Messina to La Spezia).
Gaetano Arezzo Della Targia2 Nov 1942080835.18 N, 21.54 E
At 0808 hours, an aircraft was seen and the submarine dived. Numerous Italian aircraft were also seen during the forenoon.
Gaetano Arezzo Della Targia2 Nov 1942125234.54 N, 22.31 E
At 1252 hours, three aircraft were seen and the submarine dived.
Gaetano Arezzo Della Targia3 Nov 1942012433.11 N, 23.31 E
At 0124 hours, an Axis barge convoy was seen. Uarsciek turned away.
Gaetano Arezzo Della Targia5 Nov 1942053032.34 N, 23.28 E
At 0530 hours, a vessel initially believed to be a submarine was sighted. Since an enemy submarine had been reported in the area, Uarsciek investigated it but discovered that it was actually a minesweeper.
Gaetano Arezzo Della Targia6 Nov 1942091534.22 N, 21.23 E
At 0915 hours, an aircraft was seen and the submarine dived. She later sighted several aircraft, a convoy and sailing vessels.
Gaetano Arezzo Della Targia6 Nov 1942131734.56 N, 20.58 E
At 1317 hours, a German aircraft was seen and exchanged recognition signals.

At 1815 hours, the submarine was informed of the passage of an enemy convoy and proceeded to intercept, but engine defects forced her to be diverted to Tripoli for repairs.
Gaetano Arezzo Della Targia7 Nov 1942144534.44 N, 16.28 E
At 1445 hours, an aircraft was seen and the submarine dived.
Gaetano Arezzo Della Targia15 Nov 1942135134.59 N, 16.20 E
At 1351 hours, two aircraft were seen and the submarine dived.
Gaetano Arezzo Della Targia15 Dec 1942
0305 (e)
(e) 35.08 N, 14.22 E
At 0305 hours, Lieutenant Dunbar Nasmith, Officer of the Watch of the destroyer HMS Petard, sighted a vessel at 3,000 yards on the port bow. This was soon recognised to be a surfaced submarine. As there was a possibility that the British submarine HMS P 35 was in the area, a challenge was made. The submarine did not reply and dived. The destroyer turned to the attack and dropped a single depth charge.

This was Uarsciek and she fired her two stern torpedoes at the destroyer. The depth charge explosion was mistaken for a torpedo hit. The British destroyer was soon joined in the hunt by the Hellenic destroyer RHS Vasilissa Olga (aka Queen Olga) who dropped a pattern of six depth charges.

The submarine was seen to break surface on the port bow of HMS Petard and she opened fire with her 4.7" guns. In a short span of time, ten rounds were fired of which four were direct hits. The submarine crew was observed to abandon ship and the British destroyer tried to come alongside but she came too fast and collided with Uarsciek. During this time, the smaller weapons were raking the unfortunate submarine, killing a number of men. A whaler was lowered and Lieutenant Nasmith managed to board the submarine and recover a number of books (among them the SM45S Codice Operativo Sommergibili and Meteo Marina Code S.M.502S Allegato no.5). An attempt was made to take the U-boat in tow and bring her to Malta but, at 1133 hours, she sank rapidly in 35°18'N, 14°25'E.

T.V. Gaetano Arezzo Della Targia, another officer and fifteen ratings were killed. Thirty men were rescued.

All Italian submarines