Italian submarines in World War Two

Italian Commanders


Gaspare Cavallina

Born  4 Dec 1912Florence
Died  29 Dec 1999(87)Florence

Ranks

  T.V.Tenente di Vascello

Decorations

  Cavaliere dell'ordine militare d'Italia
  Medaglia d'argento al valore militare
  Medaglia d'argento al valore militare
  Medaglia di bronzo al valore militare
  Medaglia di bronzo al valore militare
  Medaglia di bronzo al valore militare
  Croce di guerra al valore militare
  Croce di guerra al valore militare
  Cavaliere dell'ordine della Corona d'Italia
  Commendatore dell'ordine della Republica Italiana

Career information

DELFINO (T.V. First Officer): from 20.08.1939 to December 1940+.
GIADA (T.V. C.O.): From 24.02.1942 to 23.05.1943.
LUCIANO MANARA (T.V. C.O.): From 31.05.1943 to 10.12.1943.
NICHELIO (T.V. C.O.): From 01.01.1944 to 31.01.1944.
From mid-1945: Head of COMANDO GRUPPO BRINDISI.

Commands listed for Gaspare Cavallina


Submarine Type Rank From To
Giada (GD, N.88)Coastal / Sea goingT.V.24 Feb 194223 May 1943
Luciana Manara (MR)Ocean goingT.V.31 May 194310 Dec 1943
Nichelio (NC)Coastal / Sea goingT.V.1 Jan 194431 Jan 1944

Ships hit by Gaspare Cavallina

No ships hit by this Commander.

War patrols listed for Gaspare Cavallina

 SubmarineDateTimePortArr. dateArr. timeArr. portMilesDescription
Giada (GD, N.88)24 Feb 19421014Pola24 Feb 19421522Monfalcone65Passage Pola-Monfalcone.

Giada (GD, N.88)28 Feb 19420810Monfalcone28 Feb 19421133Monfalcone30Exercises.

Giada (GD, N.88)9 Mar 19420840Monfalcone9 Mar 19421700Monfalcone36Exercises.

Giada (GD, N.88)3 Apr 19420840Monfalcone3 Apr 19421615Monfalcone12,5Exercises.

Giada (GD, N.88)7 Apr 19420830Monfalcone7 Apr 19421642Monfalcone64Exercises.

Giada (GD, N.88)8 Apr 19420900Monfalcone8 Apr 19421625Monfalcone28Exercises.

Giada (GD, N.88)12 Apr 19421000Monfalcone12 Apr 19421622Pola70Passage Monfalcone-Pola.

Giada (GD, N.88)16 Apr 19421240Pola16 Apr 19421745Pola20Exercises.

Giada (GD, N.88)18 Apr 19421250Pola18 Apr 19421845Pola21Exercises.

Giada (GD, N.88)19 Apr 19420815Pola19 Apr 19421730Pola26Exercises escorted by the auxiliary Grado.

Giada (GD, N.88)21 Apr 19421300Pola21 Apr 19421750Fiume62Passage Pola-Fiume escorted by the auxiliary San Giorgio.

Giada (GD, N.88)27 Apr 19420635Fiume27 Apr 19421430Fiume18,5Exercises with the submarines Diaspro and Bandiera, escorted by the torpedo boat Audace.

Giada (GD, N.88)28 Apr 19420802Fiume28 Apr 19421210Fiume14Exercises.

Giada (GD, N.88)29 Apr 19420635Fiume29 Apr 19421130Fiume22Exercises with the submarines Jalea and Manara, escorted by the torpedo boat Audace.

Giada (GD, N.88)30 Apr 19420645Fiume30 Apr 19421510Fiume48Exercises with the submarines Jalea and Manara, escorted by the torpedo boat Audace.

Giada (GD, N.88)1 May 19420715Fiume1 May 19420925Fiume15Exercises, escorted by the torpedo boat Audace.

Giada (GD, N.88)2 May 19420830Fiume2 May 19421145Fiume30Exercises.

Giada (GD, N.88)7 May 19420920Fiume7 May 19421800Fiume62Exercises.

Giada (GD, N.88)8 May 19421100Fiume8 May 19421700Fiume49Exercises, escorted by motorboat GF.

Giada (GD, N.88)11 May 19421203Fiume11 May 19421600Fiume26Exercises with the submarines Manara and Jalea, escorted by the torpedo boat T.3.

Giada (GD, N.88)12 May 19420854Fiume12 May 19421550FiumeExercises.

Giada (GD, N.88)12 May 19422040Fiume13 May 19420000Fiume100Exercises with the submarines Diaspro and Bandiera, escorted by the torpedo boat T.3 (mileage includes morning sortie).

Giada (GD, N.88)17 May 19420800Fiume17 May 19421215Fiume50Exercises.

Giada (GD, N.88)19 May 19420100Fiume21 May 19420915Augusta797Passage Fiume-Augusta. Uneventful except for engine defects.

Giada (GD, N.88)28 May 19420800Augusta28 May 19421800Augusta3Exercises.

1.Giada (GD, N.88)29 May 19421920Augusta30 May 19420140Augusta87Sailed for patrol 25 miles west of Malta with Acciaio, escorted by the auxiliary Diversi, but recalled by MARICOSOM at 2239 hours on the 29th.

Giada (GD, N.88)1 Jun 19420210Augusta2 Jun 19421600Cagliari500Passage Augusta-Cagliari with the submarine Acciaio.

2.Giada (GD, N.88)4 Jun 19422350Cagliari11 Jun 19421035Cagliari1024,7Patrolled in Western Mediterranean near Cape Tenes and Cape Ivi, between 36°40' and 37°00'N, and between 01°00'E and 01°40'E.
  10 Jun 19421445At 1445 hours, three Beaufort bombers were seen at a distance of 3,000 metres, flying toward the submarine. Giada dived.

3.Giada (GD, N.88)12 Jun 19421400Cagliari17 Jun 19420955Cagliari546Sailed to intercept an important enemy convoy from Gibraltar 10 miles north of Cape Sigli. Before the area was reached, she was ordered on 13th June to an area between 38°00'N, and 38°20'N, and between 06°40'E and 07°00'E near Cap de Fer. in Grid 9060 near Cape Carbon with Bronzo, Emo, Otaria and Uarsciek. On 14th June, she was ordered to Grid 4001.
  14 Jun 19420505
0557 (e)
37° 55'N, 6° 12'EAt 0432 hours, two destroyers were sighted but disappeared from view as Giada was attempting to close.

At 0440 hours, a number of ships were sighted at a range of 8,000 metres. The aircraft carrier HMS Eagle could be recognised and the submarine steered toward her. At 0448 hours, the submarine made an enemy report. The aircraft carrier HMS Argus could also be seen, but she was showing her stern and could not be attacked.

At 0505 hours, the range had closed to 2,500 metres and the four bow tubes (533mm, S.I. 270 type) were emptied, aimed at Eagle and a cruiser or battleship. This was a surface attack and the submarine submerged as soon as the torpedoes were launched and reached a depth of 134 metres. Two hits were heard after 127 seconds. At 0520 hours, the first depth charges shook the submarine causing some minor leaks. The submarine went on silent running at 80-100 metres with the ASDIC pings quite audible at depths inferior to 90 metres. The submarine was almost continuously depth charged until 1038 hours, counting 272 explosions. It is probable that air attacks on the convoy were interpreted as depth charges. At 1102 hours, thirteen depth charges exploded near the submarine causing more minor damages. Some 70 depth charges were heard from 1755-2030 hours and another 102 between 2100 and 2142 hours, but all these appear to have been distant and caused no further damage.

The target had certainly been HMS Eagle, in company with the battleship HMS Malaya, the aircraft carrier HMS Argus, the light cruisers HMS Kenya, HMS Liverpool and HMS Charybdis and escorting destroyers (operation HARPOON).

It was claimed that British Brown Ranger (3,417 GRT, built 1941) was damaged in this attack but this appears to be groundless.
  15 Jun 1942094037° 55'N, 6° 12'E
(0) Approximately.
At 0940 hours, as Giada was coming to periscope depth, she was straddled by bombs, eight falling to starboard and six to the port side. The submarine was again hunted by A/S vessels and they dropped 22 depth-charges during the whole day.

4.Giada (GD, N.88)23 Jun 19420830Cagliari24 Jun 19420715Cagliari250Sailed for patrol near Cap Blanc, between 37°20'N and 37°50'N, and between 10°00'E and 10°20'E, to form a patrol line with Velella, Uarsciek and Malachite but recalled at 2010 hours on 23rd June.
  24 Jun 19420400At 0400 hours, the Italian submarine Uarsciek was encountered and exchanged recognition signals.

Giada (GD, N.88)1 Jul 19422010Cagliari2 Jul 19421220La Maddalena200Passage Cagliari-La Maddalena.

Giada (GD, N.88)30 Jul 19421400La Maddalena30 Jul 19421600La Maddalena9Exercises.

5.Giada (GD, N.88)4 Aug 19420355La Maddalena12 Aug 19422335Valencia1427,9Sailed with Uarsciek for a patrol west of Algiers between 37°20'N and 37°40'N, and between 01°40'E and 02°00'E. Following damage from air attack, she had to take refuge in Valencia and landed one killed and three wounded.
  11 Aug 19420500At 0500 hours, information was received of a convoy of twelve ships escorted by two aircraft carriers, two battleships, two cruisers and fourteen destroyers, steering 090°, 13 knots, 42 miles north of Cape Ferrat. This was the PEDESTAL convoy. Giada moved northward to intercept.
  12 Aug 19420930
0952 (e)
37° 00'N, 0° 20'EAt 0930 hours, Giada had just surfaced when an aircraft was sighted.

At 0934 hours, she submerged and had reached a depth of 9 metres, when two depth charges exploded very close to her hull. Nearly all lights were extinguished and there were a multitude of damages. Giada reached a depth of 70 metres with water entering aft. The ballasts were blown but she continued down when she finally stablised at 140 metres before a quick ascent began.

At 0940 hours, she surfaced. The aircraft, identified as a North American N.A. 40, attempted to strafe the submarine but was inaccurate. Giada could only reply with light arms as the Breda machine-guns could not immediately be brought to the ready. Eventually the deck gun and machine-guns opened fire keeping the aircraft at bay but the enemy managed to hit the hull with machine-gun fire, without causing casualties. At 1110 hours, the aircraft left the scene after a final run.

This was Hudson 'R' (V.9092) of 233 Squadron piloted by Sergeant D.H. Jenkins. The submarine was sighted surfaced and stationary. It was attacked with four Torpex depth charges as it crash-dived. Within 4 minutes the sub re-surfaced, six to ten men appearing on the conning tower. The Hudson strafed and the sub replied with both deck and Lewis (sic, Breda) guns. The aircraft circled for 40 minutes before departing.
  12 Aug 19421345
1331B (e)
37° 26'N, 0° 10'EAt 1345 hours, a Sunderland attacked from the stern and from the sun, flying very low at 30-50 metres, strafing the submarine and dropping four bombs, the nearest falling about 30 metres from the starboard side. Giada replied with her gun and machine-guns. The aircraft came for a second run, without dropping any bomb but, she strafed the submarine, peppering the bridge with several rounds, causing several casualties. One of the submarine gunners was killed, three were seriously wounded and six slightly wounded (including T.V. Gaspare Cavallina). The aircraft was hit and released a bomb about 1,000 metres away, possibly to gain height, but was observed to crash about 3,000 metres away. The submarine took refuge in Valencia and later returned to her base.

This was actually Hudson 'C' of 233 Squadron, sent as a follow-up to the attack by aircraft 'R' of the same squadron which had attacked the submarine earlier in the day. It had detected the submarine by radar at 25 miles and sighted it when the range had dropped to 6 miles. The submarine was on course 360° at 9 knots. and the aircraft made a first run, dropping a Torpex Mark VIII depth charge set at 25 feet from a height of 70 feet. It was observed to explode on the starboard side of the submarine. The aircraft strafed the submarine and claimed the killing of one man on deck. In return, the starboard wing was holed by the submarine's antiaircraft fire. During a second run, a depth charge was released from a height of 30 feet and exploded under the submarine' bows. The aircraft was hit in the port engine which was seriously damaged and had to set course for base. It did not crash at sea as reported.

The destroyer HMS Wolverine was sent to investigate.

6.Giada (GD, N.88)13 Aug 19420645Valencia14 Aug 19422000La Maddalena1427,9Passage Valencia-La Maddalena. Uneventful [mileage from 0355 hours on 4th August].

Giada (GD, N.88)17 Aug 19421735La Maddalena18 Aug 19421205Naples231Passage La Maddalena-Naples.

Giada (GD, N.88)12 Sep 19421535Naples12 Sep 19421800Naples10Trials.

Giada (GD, N.88)14 Sep 19420845Naples14 Sep 19421400Naples34Trials.

Giada (GD, N.88)17 Sep 19421600Naples17 Sep 19421900Naples18Trials, escorted by the torpedo boat Cosenz.

Giada (GD, N.88)19 Sep 19421930Naples20 Sep 19421500Augusta246Passage Naples-Augusta.

Giada (GD, N.88)3 Oct 19420825Augusta3 Oct 19421235Augusta27Exercises.

Giada (GD, N.88)1 Nov 19420710Augusta1 Nov 19420930Augusta8Exercises.

7.Giada (GD, N.88)4 Nov 19421800Augusta11 Nov 19421100Augusta1242Sailed for supply mission (21.5 tons of German ammunition) to Tobruk, but, at 0100 hours on the 7th, she was ordered not to enter the port but to a waiting position in Grid 0360/5, between Lamppedusa and Linosa. At 2032 hours on the 9th, she was ordered to Augusta.
  6 Nov 19420915At 0915 hours, a German aircraft was seen and exchanged recognition signals.
  6 Nov 19421015At 1015 hours, three aircraft were seen and the submarine dived.
  6 Nov 19421115The submarine Wolframio was seen.
  8 Nov 19420722At 0722 hours, a twin-engine aircraft was seen and the submarine dived.
  11 Nov 1942065537° 00'N, 15° 37'EAt 0655 hours, a periscope was sighted, Giada turned away.

8.Giada (GD, N.88)11 Nov 19422230Augusta20 Nov 19420905Cagliari1088Patrolled between 37°20'N and 37°40'N, and between 07°40'E and 08°00'E (between Lampedusa and Linosa).
  11 Nov 1942065537° 00'N, 15° 37'EAt 0655 hours, a periscope was sighted, Giada turned away.
  12 Nov 19420930At 0930 hours, a twin-engine German aircraft was seen and exchanged recognition signals.
  14 Nov 1942205037° 24'N, 7° 56'EAt 2050 hours, a submarine was sighted and was believed to be Italian on the barrage line. Giada turned away to northward.
  17 Nov 1942110037° 27'N, 7° 50'EAt 1100 hours, an aircraft dropped two bombs on the submarine. Giada had accidentally emerged while listening to the radio. The two bombs exploded some distance away.
  19 Nov 1942001037° 38'N, 7° 57'EAt 0010 hours, a submarine was sighted at a distance of 1,500 metres, steering 50°. Giada turned away.
  19 Nov 1942180637° 19'N, 7° 35'EAt 1806 hours, a submarine was sighted.
  20 Nov 19420615
(0) Near Point C of Cagliari.
At 0615 hours, an Italian submarine Wolframio was sighted and exchanged recognition signals.

9.Giada (GD, N.88)25 Nov 19421700Cagliari7 Dec 19420850Cagliari1069Patrolled between Cap de Fer and La Galite, between 37°00'N and 37°20'N and 08°20'E and 08°40'E. Ordered to an area between 37°00'N and 37°20'N, and between 08°20'E and 08°40'E (Grids 0624 - 5424), to intercept a destroyer hit by aircraft (HMS Quentin reported initially by German aircraft). Then off Bougie and Bone.
  27 Nov 1942022036° 46'N, 5° 21'EAt 0220 hours, a small vessel was sighted. It was probably an MTB and Giada turned away.
  27 Nov 19420811-103037° 05'N, 5° 30'EBetween 0811 and 1030 hours, in very low visibility, the submarine was depth charged with very minor damages such as broken light bulbs.
  28 Nov 19421248-170037° 15'N, 6° 00'EBetween 1248 and 1700 hours, Giada was depth charged by vessels detected by her hydrophones. The submarine escaped by going down to 108 meters.
  1 Dec 1942000737° 15'N, 6° 30'EAt 0007 hours, an aircraft dropped five flares near the submarine. Giada dived to 35 meters and heard four bomb explosions and later heard H.E. of two vessels, which dropped sixteen depth-charges between 0118 and 0155 hours.
  2 Dec 1942003036° 54'N, 7° 54'EAt 0030 hours, a vessel which could have been an MTB or submarine was sighted. Giada turned away.
  2 Dec 1942054237° 15'N, 7° 15'EAt 0542 hours, a submarine was sighted at a distance of 3,000 metres. Giada dived.
  2 Dec 19420702-114637° 15'N, 7° 15'EBetween 0702 and 1146 hours, Giada was depth-charged. Forty-one explosions were counted and the submarine escaped by going down to 70-90 meters.
  2 Dec 19421600-190037° 20'N, 7° 10'EBetween 1600 and 1900 hours, Giada was hunted by three vessels and depth charged. The depth charges fell close, but the submarine escaped damage.
  3 Dec 1942213337° 04'N, 8° 34'EAt 2133 hours, a submarine was briefly seen.
  4 Dec 1942014537° 17'N, 8° 30'EAt 0145 hours, Giada was illuminated by four flares. The submarine dived and was depth-charged by two vessels off and on until 0545 hours.
  5 Dec 1942005537° 14'N, 8° 37'EAt 0055 hours, a submarine was seen at a range of 2,500 metres. No action was taken as it was believed to be one of the Italian submarines in the adjacent area.
  5 Dec 1942192737° 13'N, 8° 35'EAt 1927 hours, a submarine was sighted at a distance of 2,500 metres and was probably the one seen at 0055 hours.

Giada (GD, N.88)14 Dec 19421345Cagliari14 Dec 19421800Cagliari20Exercises.

10.Giada (GD, N.88)22 Dec 19421600Cagliari25 Dec 19421015Cagliari338Sailed for patrol with Alagi, between 37°20'N and 37°40'N, and between 07°40'E and 08°00'E.
  23 Dec 19421241At 1241 hours, an aircraft seen through the periscope. Giada went deeper and heard two rather close explosions at 1245 hours.
  25 Dec 1942065538° 39'N, 8° 44'EAt 0655 hours, the submarine Alagi was sighted at a distance of 10,000 metres.

11.Giada (GD, N.88)28 Dec 19421700Cagliari6 Jan 19430815Cagliari947Patrolled off Cape Carbon within 20 miles on parallel 37°20'N, between 04°00'E and 05°00'E. On 2nd January, moved to area between 37°30'N and North African coast, and between 06°00'E and 06°20'E. On 4th January, was moved between 37°00'N and 37°20'N, and between 08°20'E and 08°40'E (Grid 7284) and was ordered back the following day.
  2 Jan 1943194037° 26'N, 6° 06'EAt 1940 hours, a submarine was sighted at a distance of 5,000 metres.
  5 Jan 1943203037° 32'N, 8° 10'EAt 2030 hours, a submarine was sighted at a distance of 5,000 metres.
  5 Jan 1943210537° 38'N, 8° 10'EAt 2105 hours, another submarine was sighted at a distance of 4,000 metres.
  5 Jan 1943231538° 02'N, 8° 20'EAt 2315 hours, a submarine was sighted at a distance of 4,000 metres and it suddenly submerged.

12.Giada (GD, N.88)12 Jan 19431825Cagliari25 Jan 19430720Cagliari1028Patrolled off Algerian coast, off Cape Bougaroni, on 37°20'N, between 04°40'E and 05°00'E. On 22nd January, was moved to 37°00'N, between 05°40'E and 06°00'E.
  17 Jan 1943174437° 26'N, 5° 16'EAt 1744 hours, an aircraft attacked the submarine. Giada crash-dived immediately and heard two bombs.
  17 Jan 1943224037° 22'N, 5° 07'EAt 2240 hours, an aircraft was seen. Giada crash-dived. Half an hour later, the submarine heard H.E. and two patterns totaling twelve depth charges were dropped in the immediate vicinity.
  21 Jan 1943170037° 15'N, 4° 43'EAt 1700 hours, an aircraft was sighted and it dropped two bombs without causing damage.
  21 Jan 19431815-213037° 15'N, 4° 43'EBetween 1815 and 2130 hours, Giada was hunted by two surface craft, which dropped a number of depth charges. The submarine was slightly damaged.
  22 Jan 1943013837° 14'N, 4° 44'EAt 0138 hours, an aircraft strafed the submarine and dropped two bombs. The bombs fell 200 to 300 meters from the submarine, but she was hit by machine-gun rounds before diving.
  22 Jan 1943052537° 11'N, 5° 15'EAt 0525 hours, a corvette was sighted at a distance of 5,000 metres. Giada turned away.
  23 Jan 19431400At 1400 hours, two MTBs equipped with two torpedo tubes were sighted. They had not been detected by the hydrophones, but Giada was not detected either.
  23 Jan 19431957
1850 GMT (e)
36° 58'N, 5° 43'EAt 1950 hours, a large dark shadow and two destroyers were sighted, steering 270° at 13 knots.

At 1957 hours, the four bow tubes (533mm, S.I.C. type) were fired at a range of 1,100 metres, aimed at the large target described as a liner of the ORCADES class. Giada then submerged and was at a depth of 9 metres, when an explosion was heard after 57 seconds, followed 4 seconds later by another one. At 2002 hours, an explosion similar to a torpedo was heard and three minutes later another explosion believed to be from a boiler. The submarine went down to 50 metres but was not depth-charged.

Despite the claim, the result of the attack were not confirmed.

Giada (GD, N.88)28 Jan 19430920Cagliari29 Jan 19430815Naples280Passage Cagliari-Naples.

Giada (GD, N.88)30 Mar 19430855Naples30 Mar 19431645Naples52Trials.

Giada (GD, N.88)31 Mar 19431315Naples31 Mar 19431540Naples18Trials.

Giada (GD, N.88)5 Apr 19431010Naples5 Apr 19431130Naples16Exercises.

Giada (GD, N.88)7 Apr 19431300Naples7 Apr 19432020Naples10Exercises.

13.Giada (GD, N.88)12 Apr 19430820Naples17 Apr 19431020Cagliari772Sailed for patrol between 38°40' and 39°00'N, and between 07°40'E and 08°00'E.
  12 Apr 19431328At 1328 hours, a German aircraft was sighted and exchanged recognition signals.
  13 Apr 19430718At 0718 hours, three aircraft were seen and the submarine dived.

Giada (GD, N.88)29 Apr 19430825Cagliari29 Apr 19431125Cagliari26Exercises, escorted by MAS 510.

Giada (GD, N.88)1 May 19430200Cagliari2 May 19430645Naples345Passage Cagliari-Naples.

Giada (GD, N.88)2 May 19431020Naples2 May 19431255Castellammare di Stabia11Passage Naples-Castellammare di Stabia.

Giada (GD, N.88)7 May 19430653Castellammare di Stabia7 May 19430820Naples12Passage Castellammare di Stabia-Naples.

Giada (GD, N.88)9 May 19431630Naples9 May 19431750Naples17Exercises.

Giada (GD, N.88)10 May 19431630Naples10 May 19431750Castellammare di Stabia12Passage Naples-Castellammare di Stabia.

Giada (GD, N.88)12 May 19430905Castellammare di Stabia12 May 19431330Castellammare di Stabia29,5Exercises.

Giada (GD, N.88)15 May 19431540Castellammare di Stabia15 May 19432345Castellammare di Stabia104Exercises.

Giada (GD, N.88)18 May 19431455Castellammare di Stabia18 May 19432035Castellammare di Stabia45Exercises.

Giada (GD, N.88)20 May 19431515Castellammare di Stabia21 May 19430310Naples147Exercises or defensive patrol.

Giada (GD, N.88)22 May 19431020Naples22 May 19431300Naples12Trials.

Giada (GD, N.88)23 May 19430800Naples23 May 19430940Castellammare di Stabia17Passage Naples-Castellammare di Stabia.

Luciana Manara (MR)2 Jun 19431210Sussa (Fiume)3 Jun 19430110Sussa (Fiume)72Exercises.

Luciana Manara (MR)4 Jun 19430945Sussa (Fiume)5 Jun 19430218Sussa (Fiume)100Exercises.

Luciana Manara (MR)7 Jun 19431045Sussa (Fiume)7 Jun 19431530Sussa (Fiume)11,5Exercises.

Luciana Manara (MR)8 Jun 19431220Sussa (Fiume)8 Jun 19431818Sussa (Fiume)25Exercises.

Luciana Manara (MR)9 Jun 19431635Sussa (Fiume)10 Jun 19430045Sussa (Fiume)40Exercises.

Luciana Manara (MR)11 Jun 19430945Sussa (Fiume)11 Jun 19431415Sussa (Fiume)24Exercises.

Luciana Manara (MR)12 Jun 19430925Sussa (Fiume)12 Jun 19431416Sussa (Fiume)20Exercises.

Luciana Manara (MR)15 Jun 19431215Sussa (Fiume)16 Jun 19430150Sussa (Fiume)70Exercises.

Luciana Manara (MR)17 Jun 19431100Sussa (Fiume)18 Jun 19430200Sussa (Fiume)78Exercises.

Luciana Manara (MR)19 Jun 19431100Sussa (Fiume)20 Jun 19430125Sussa (Fiume)85Exercises.

Luciana Manara (MR)22 Jun 19431100Sussa (Fiume)23 Jun 19430100Sussa (Fiume)77Exercises.

Luciana Manara (MR)24 Jun 19430705Sussa (Fiume)24 Jun 19431235Sussa (Fiume)23Exercises.

Luciana Manara (MR)26 Jun 19431210Sussa (Fiume)27 Jun 19430030Sussa (Fiume)61Exercises.

Luciana Manara (MR)29 Jun 19431215Sussa (Fiume)29 Jun 19432100Sussa (Fiume)34Exercises.

Luciana Manara (MR)30 Jun 19431430Sussa (Fiume)1 Jul 19430045Sussa (Fiume)84Exercises.

Luciana Manara (MR)3 Jul 19431145Sussa (Fiume)4 Jul 19430120Sussa (Fiume)87Exercises.

Luciana Manara (MR)6 Jul 19431225Sussa (Fiume)7 Jul 19430105Sussa (Fiume)86Exercises.

Luciana Manara (MR)8 Jul 19431220Sussa (Fiume)9 Jul 19430025Sussa (Fiume)60Exercises.

Luciana Manara (MR)10 Jul 19431122Sussa (Fiume)11 Jul 19430110Sussa (Fiume)59Exercises.

Luciana Manara (MR)13 Jul 19431132Sussa (Fiume)13 Jul 19431358Sussa (Fiume)14Exercises.

Luciana Manara (MR)14 Jul 19431000Sussa (Fiume)14 Jul 19431510Sussa (Fiume)30Exercises.

Luciana Manara (MR)14 Jul 19432115Sussa (Fiume)15 Jul 19430120(Fiume)38,5Exercises.

Luciana Manara (MR)16 Jul 19432200Sussa (Fiume)17 Jul 19430400Pola60Passage Sussa-Pola.

Luciana Manara (MR)18 Jul 19430018Pola19 Jul 19431525Brindisi386,5Passage Pola-Brindisi.

Luciana Manara (MR)25 Jul 19431440Brindisi25 Jul 19431930Brindisi11Trials.

Luciana Manara (MR)31 Jul 19431600Brindisi31 Jul 19432000Brindisi10Trials.

Luciana Manara (MR)2 Aug 19431400Brindisi2 Aug 19431705Brindisi18,5Trials.

14.Luciana Manara (MR)3 Sep 19432002Brindisi5 Sep 19430420Brindisi216Sailed for patrol east of Sicily but returned because of defects and was at Brindisi when Italy surrendered and joined the Allies.

Luciana Manara (MR)8 Oct 19431523Brindisi8 Oct 19431840Brindisi15Exercises.

Luciana Manara (MR)14 Oct 19431425Brindisi14 Oct 19431745Brindisi15Exercises.

15.Luciana Manara (MR)27 Oct 19431750Brindisi3 Nov 19430658Brindisi772Special Mission, landed three groups of men in the Northern Adriatic. Due to her age, she could longer take part in any mission and was relegated to training duty.
  27 Oct 19432045A hospital ship was sighted but Manara kept away so as not to reveal herself.
  29 Oct 1943201042° 40'N, 14° 03'E
(0) Near Roseto Degli Abruzzi (North of Pescara).
An SOE agent was successfully landed on the coast.
  31 Oct 1943214143° 55'N, 12° 55'E
(0) Approximately. Between Pesaro and Fano.
The submarine landed two agents (an officer and one other rank, SOE and ISLD) on the coast.
  1 Nov 1943044544° 32'N, 14° 26'EThe submarine landed three agents (two officers and one other rank, SOE and ISLD).

Luciana Manara (MR)10 Dec 19431015Brindisi10 Dec 19431330Brindisi22Trials.

Nichelio (NC)5 Jan 19440830Brindisi5 Jan 19441210Brindisi46Exercises.

Nichelio (NC)11 Jan 19440932Brindisi11 Jan 19441700Brindisi35Exercises.

Nichelio (NC)13 Jan 19440930Brindisi13 Jan 19441622Brindisi37Exercises.

Nichelio (NC)15 Jan 19440930Brindisi15 Jan 19441700Brindisi37,5Exercises.

16.Nichelio (NC)18 Jan 19441225Brindisi30 Jan 19440940Brindisi1383Special Mission ABBERLEY/COMEBACK I & II (SOE) and Italian Mission BEAUMONT, OAT, GRAIN LANE. Landed three groups of men on Italian coast (two of them SOE agents) in Gulf of Venice to reach Bolzano and picked up another group.
  20 Jan 19441815
(0) Near Pesaro.
Between 1815 and 2210 hours, Nichelio carried out a special operation, landing an undetermined number of agents.
  21 Jan 19442230
(0) Near Pesaro.
Between 2230 hours and 0125 hours on 22nd January, Nichelio carried out a special operation, landing an undetermined number of agents.
  22 Jan 19440545At 0545 hours, an MTB similar to a MAS boat (S-Boot?) was sighted at a distance of 1,500 metres. The submarine turned toward the boat, but it disappeared to the west.
  24 Jan 19440610
(0) Near Pesaro.
At 0610 hours, Nichelio picked up the agents from the COMEBACK II, OAT and GRAIN LANE missions.
  28 Jan 19440140At 0140 hours, an MTB was sighted at a distance of 1,500 metres, proceeding on a southeast course. The submarine turned away.
  28 Jan 19440225
(0) Near Pesaro.
At 0225 hours, the submarine landed two SIS agents of ENGRAVE I and two SIS agents of ENGRAVE II missions.

147 entries. 103 total patrol entries (16 marked as war patrols) and 57 events.

Italian Commanders

Italian Submarines