Fregattenkapitän (Crew 26)
16 ships sunk, total tonnage 106,200 GRT
1 ship damaged, total tonnage 12,502 GRT
|Born||3 Apr 1904||Germersheim, Pfalz|
|Died||17 Jul 1964||(60)||Kiel, Germany|
|U-66||2 Jan 1941||21 Jun 1942||5 patrols (264 days)|
Richard Zapp began his naval career in May 1923. Later he served on minesweepers and in naval anti-aircraft units (Marineflak) before transferring to the U-boat force in April 1940. After standard training he served for one short patrol on U-46 under Oblt. Engelbert Endrass, where he participated in the battle against convoy HX 79 in October 1940.
Richard Zapp commissioned U-66 in January 1941. After three patrols in Atlantic waters, he was one of the five boats operating in the first wave of Operation Paukenschlag. On this patrol he sank five ships with a total of 33,456 tons. His second patrol in US waters was also successful: six ships sunk with a total of 43,946 tons. Korvkpt. Zapp left the boat after this to command the 3rd Flotilla in La Rochelle, France. In the last months of the war he also headed Marine Regiment Zapp which defended the U-boat base at La Rochelle up to the end of the war in May 1945. He then spent more than two years in French captivity.
Busch, R. and Röll, H-J. (1999). German U-boat commanders of World War II.
Busch, R. and Röll, H-J. (1997). Der U-Bootkrieg 1939-1945 (Band 2).
Rohwer, J. (1998). Axis Submarine Successes of World War Two.
Patrol info for Richard Zapp
|1.||U-66||13 May 1941||Kiel||11 Jun 1941||Sunk||Patrol 1,||30 days|
|2.||U-66||23 Jun 1941||Lorient||5 Aug 1941||Sunk||Patrol 2,||44 days|
|3.||U-66||28 Aug 1941||Lorient||9 Nov 1941||Sunk||Patrol 3,||74 days|
|4.||U-66||25 Dec 1941||Lorient||10 Feb 1942||Sunk||Patrol 4,||48 days|
|5.||U-66||21 Mar 1942||Lorient||27 May 1942||Sunk||Patrol 5,||68 days|
|5 patrols, 264 days at sea|
Ships hit by Richard Zapp
|Date||U-boat||Name of ship||Tons||Nat.||Convoy|
|29 Jun 1941||U-66||George J. Goulandris||4,345||gr||SL-78|
|29 Jun 1941||U-66||Kalypso Vergotti||5,686||gr||SL-78|
|30 Jun 1941||U-66||Saint Anselm||5,614||br||SL-78|
|19 Jul 1941||U-66||Holmside||3,433||br||OG-67|
|26 Sep 1941||U-66||I.C. White||7,052||pa|
|18 Jan 1942||U-66||Allan Jackson||6,635||am|
|19 Jan 1942||U-66||Lady Hawkins||7,988||ca|
|22 Jan 1942||U-66||Olympic||5,335||pa|
|24 Jan 1942||U-66||Empire Gem||8,139||br|
|24 Jan 1942||U-66||Venore||8,017||am|
|14 Apr 1942||U-66||Korthion||2,116||gr|
|16 Apr 1942||U-66||Amsterdam||7,329||nl|
|17 Apr 1942||U-66||Heinrich von Riedemann||11,020||pa|
|26 Apr 1942||U-66||Alcoa Partner||5,513||am|
|29 Apr 1942||U-66||Harry G. Seidel||10,354||pa|
|2 May 1942||U-66||Sandar||7,624||nw|
|3 May 1942||U-66||Geo. W. McKnight (d.)||12,502||br||ON-87|
16 ships sunk (106,200 tons) and 1 ship damaged (12,502 tons).
About ranks and decorations
Ranks shown in italics are our database inserts based on the rank dates of his crew comrades. The officers of each crew would normally have progressed through the lower ranks at the same rate.