Paul Just

Kapitänleutnant (Crew 36)


Successes
1 warship sunk, total tonnage 1,200 tons

Born  24 Dec 1915 Hamburg
Died  8 Sep 2000(84)


Kptlt. Paul Just aboard USS Bogue after capture

Ranks

3 Apr 1936 Offiziersanwärter
10 Sep 1936 Seekadett
1 May 1937 Fähnrich zur See
1 Jul 1938 Oberfähnrich zur See
1 Oct 1938 Leutnant zur See
1 Oct 1940 Oberleutnant zur See
1 Aug 1943 Kapitänleutnant

Decorations

  Iron Cross 2nd Class
  Iron Cross 1st Class
3 May 1944 German Cross in Gold

U-boat Commands

U-boatFromTo
U-6 Aug, 1942 Sep, 1942   No war patrols 
U-151 Sep, 1942 May, 1943   No war patrols 
U-546 2 Jun 1943 24 Apr 1945   3 patrols (284 days) 

Paul Just joined the Kriegsmarine in 1936, and was part of the Olympia Crew. He went through officer training from April 1936 to Sept 1938 and was then seconded to the Luftwaffe until Jan 1941, serving as a flight crew Observer in Coastal Command.

Oblt. Paul Just joined the U-bootwaffe (U-boat force) in Jan 1941 and his first posting following training was to U-156. He went through U-boat Commander training from July to Aug 1942 and then served as an acting Commander on the small 'duck' school boat U-6, before taking over command of another school boat, U-151 until May 1943, when he commenced Baubelehrung (U-boat construction familiarization) in preparation for commissioning the large type IXC/40 U-546.

He took command on 2 June 1943, and after working up exercises in the Baltic, left Marviken, Norway for the first war patrol on 26 Jan 1944. U-546 was lost on the third patrol NW of the Azores en route for the US east coast, just after sinking her first victim.

Capture

U-546 was sunk on 24 April 1945 by depth charges from eight US destroyers from a hunter/killer group vectored in by aircraft. 26 of her crew died but 33 survived, amongst them Kptlt. Just (Niestlé, 1998).

After being rescued Just was taken to America, and placed in temporary detention in a Boston city jail, together with fellow U-boat commander Friedrich Steinhoff. They suffered harsh treatment while being kept there, and Steinhoff committed suicide (Blair, 1998).

The ship he sank was the American destroyer Frederick C Davis (DE 136) (Rohwer, 1998). One of the survivors, former Lt (jg) P K Lundeberg, visited Paul Just after the war on a number of occasions.

Sources

Blair, C. (1998). Hitler’s U-boat War. The Hunted, 1942-1945.
Busch, R. and Röll, H-J. (1999). German U-boat commanders of World War II.
Niestlé, A. (1998). German U-boat losses during World War II.
Rohwer, J. (1998). Axis Submarine Successes of World War Two.

Patrol info for Paul Just

 U-boat Departure Arrival  
1. U-546 22 Jan 1944  Kiel  23 Jan 1944  Marviken   2 days
2. U-546 26 Jan 1944  Marviken  23 Apr 1944  Lorient  Patrol 1,89 days
3. U-546 15 Jun 1944  Lorient  11 Nov 1944  Flensburg  Patrol 2,150 days
4. U-546 11 Mar 1945  Kiel  24 Apr 1945  Sunk  Patrol 3,45 days
3 patrols, 284 days at sea

Ships hit by Paul Just

Date U-boat Name of ship Tons Nat. Convoy
24 Apr 1945U-546 USS Frederick C. Davis (DE 136)1,200am
 1,200

1 ship sunk (1,200 tons).

Legend
We have a picture of this vessel.


About ranks and decorations
Ranks shown in italics are our database inserts based on the rank dates of his crew comrades. The officers of each crew would normally have progressed through the lower ranks at the same rate.

Media links


U-Boat Attack Logs

Daniel Morgan and Bruce Taylor


amazon.co.uk
(£ 45.00)

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(EUR 44.32)


German U-boat Commanders of World War II

Busch, Rainer and Röll, Hans-Joachim

Listing of all U-boat commanders