Allied Warships

HMS Jed (K 235)

Frigate of the River class

NavyThe Royal Navy
TypeFrigate
ClassRiver 
PennantK 235 
Built byCharles Hill & Sons Ltd. (Bristol, U.K.) : Bellis & Morcom 
Ordered11 Feb 1941 
Laid down27 Sep 1941 
Launched30 Jul 1942 
Commissioned30 Nov 1942 
End service 
History

In February 1943 HMS Jed was a unit of the 1st Escort Group deployed in convoy escort duties in the North Atlantic. On May 6th after arriving in the Western Approaches from St John’s in support of a convoy, Jed in company with the sloop HMS Pelican, located a lurking U-boat on the surface by radar, they both went in for the kill and U-438 was destroyed by Pelican. On the 19th the frigate in company with her sisters HMS Spey and HMS Wear and the sloop HMS Sennen came up from the rear of the convoy and sighted the U-954 on the surface. The submarine fired her torpedoes prior to crash diving, fortunately no shipping was hit. It was not long after this, that the submarine was located by Jed, and she and Sennen sank the boat using their Hedgehog’s. On June 14th U-334 was located by the escort group and was sunk by Jed and Pelican On 26 August while in the Bay of Biscay, Jed in company with five other ASW vessels damaged U-340 with depth charges. In September she was back in the North Atlantic on escort duties on the United Kingdom - Gibraltar route.

In November 1944 Jed left the U.K. for the Far East Fleet, based at Colombo, her passage took her through the Mediterranean, and the Suez Canal, being employed as a convoy escort. From May 5-17th 1945 Jed was docked in the Selborne dry dock at Simonstown, South Africa. In October she left for Cape Town for a refit, where a 273 Radar was fixed to the deck and a VHF fighter direction radio was also fitted. The refitting of the ship had been carried out on the assumption that the ship would direct aircraft onto the beach-heads during an invasion on the Japanese held Malaysian coast, once the refit was completed, she left for Simonstown, to have the equipment trialed. After leaving Simonstown problems were experienced concerning the main engines, and she headed for Port Elizabeth for repairs. However due to the Japanese surrender, she was no longer required, and she arrived in U.K. before the year was out.

In 1946 the frigate was placed into reserve. On 25 May 1957 Jed was broken up by Ward at Milford Haven.

 

Commands listed for HMS Jed (K 235)

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CommanderFromTo
1Lt.Cdr. Ronald Clifford Freaker, DSO, RD, RNR8 Sep 194211 Apr 1944
2Lt.Cdr. Robert Stevenson Miller, DSC, RNR11 Apr 1944mid 1945
3Lt. Edward Sydney Hutchinson, RNRmid 194531 Dec 1945

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Notable events involving Jed include:


19 May 1943
German U-boat U-954 was sunk in the North Atlantic south-east of Cape Farewell, Greenland in position 54°54'N, 34°19'W, by depth charges from the British frigate HMS Jed (Lt.Cdr. R.C. Freaker, DSO, RNR) and the British sloop HMS Sennen (Lt.Cdr. F.H. Thornton, DSC, RNR).

14 Jun 1943
German U-boat U-334 was sunk in the North Atlantic south-west of Iceland, in position 58°16'N, 28°20'W, by depth charges from the British frigate HMS Jed (Lt.Cdr. H.C. Freaker, DSO, RNR) and the British sloop HMS Pelican (Cdr. G.N. Brewer, RN).

23 Aug 1943
On the 23th August 1943 the 40th Escort Group (Cdr. Dallison), consisting of the sloops HMS Landguard, HMS Bideford, HMS Hastings and the frigates HMS Exe, HMS Moyola and HMS Waveney were deployed on a U-boat hunt off Cape Ortegal. The whole operation was covered by the British light cruiser HMS Bermuda.

On the 25th August the Canadian 5th Support Group (Cdr. Tweed), consisting of the British frigates HMS Nene, HMS Tweed and the Canadian corvettes HMCS Calgary, HMCS Edmundston and HMCS Snowberry were deployed to relieve the 40th Escort Group. While this was in progress the ships were attacked at 1415 hrs by 14 Dornier Do-217's and 7 Ju-88's. with the new German weapon, the Henschel Glider Bombs, (the "Hs293 A-1"). Designed by the German Professor Herbert Wagner. HMS Landguard and HMS Bideford were the first of the Allied and R.N. ships to be attacked and damaged by them. This being the first time of their being brought into action against Allied ships. Several sailors were injured on HMS Bideford and one sailor was killed.

Another two days later on the 27th August 1943 the Canadian 5th Support group was relieved by the 1st Support group (Cdr. Brewer) consisting of the sloops HMS Pelican, HMS Egret and the frigates HMS Jed, HMS Rother, HMS Spey and HMS Evenlode. Also the covering cruiser HMS Bermuda was relieved by the Canadian destroyer HMCS Athabaskan and the British destroyer HMS Grenville. These ships were also attacked by the Germans. This time with 18 Dornier Do-217?s also carrying Henschel Glider Bombs. HMCS Athabaskan was heavily damaged and HMS Egret was sunk with the loss of 194 of her crew. After this loss the U-boat hunt was blown off.


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