HMS Berwick (65)
Heavy cruiser of the Kent class
|Navy||The Royal Navy|
|Built by||Fairfield Shipbuilding & Engineering Co. (Govan, Scotland)|
|Ordered||26 Apr 1924|
|Laid down||15 Sep 1924|
|Launched||30 Mar 1926|
|Commissioned||15 Feb 1928|
Sold to be broken up for scrap on 15 June 1948. Arrived at Blyth to be broken up by Hughes Bolkow on 12 July 1948.
Commands listed for HMS Berwick (65)
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|1||Capt. Irving Montgomery Palmer, DSC, RN||17 Oct 1938||22 Jun 1940|
|2||Capt. Guy Langton Warren, RN||22 Jun 1940||2 May 1941|
|3||Capt. George Haines Faulkner, DSC, RN||2 May 1941||16 Feb 1943|
|4||Capt. Richard Victor Symonds-Tayler, DSC, RN||16 Feb 1943||14 Apr 1943|
|5||Capt. Henry Jack Egerton, RN||14 Apr 1943||Jan 1944|
|6||Capt. Norman Vere Grace, RN||Jan 1944||10 Aug 1944|
|7||Capt. Stephen Harry Tolson Arliss, DSO, RN||10 Aug 1944||10 Feb 1946|
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Noteable events involving Berwick include:
2 Mar 1940
HMS Berwick (Capt I.M. Palmer, DSC, RN) intercepts the German merchant Wolfsburg (6201 GRT) north of Iceland in position 67°50'N, 22°45'W. However before the German ship can be captured she is scuttled by her own crew. (see map)
6 Mar 1940
HMS Berwick (Capt I.M. Palmer, DSC, RN) intercepts the German merchant Uruguay (5846 GRT) north-east of Iceland in position 68°00'N, 15°00'W. However before the German ship can be captured she is scuttled by her own crew. (see map)
9 Apr 1940
HMS Berwick (Capt I.M. Palmer, DSC, RN) participated in the Norwegian campaign. On completion of naval operations off Norway, was allocated to Force "H" at Gibraltar.
7 Nov 1940
HMS Berwick (Capt. G.L. Warren, RN) refuelled at Gibraltar then left for Alexandria in company of battleship HMS Barham (Capt G.C. Cooke, RN), light cruiser HMS Glasgow (Capt. H. Hickling, RN) and the destroyers HMS Encounter (Lt.Cdr. E.V.St J. Morgan, RN), HMS Gallant (Lt.Cdr. C.P.F. Brown, RN), HMS Greyhound (Cdr. W.R. Marshall A'Deane, DSC, RN) and HMS Griffin (Lt.Cdr J. Lee-Barber, DSO, RN).
11 Nov 1940
HMS Berwick (Capt. G.L. Warren, RN) escorted the carrier HMS Illustrious (Capt. D.W. Boyd, DSC, RN) in her successful raid against the Italian battle fleet in Taranto harbour. Later in the month escorted convoys between Egypt and Greece.
27 Nov 1940
HMS Berwick (Capt. G.L. Warren, RN) had received orders to go to Freetown on 24 November, escorting carrier HMS Formidable (Capt. A.W.La T. Bisset, RN) with sister ship HMS Norfolk (Capt. A.J.L. Phillips, RN), but the orders were amended to allocate her to convoy escorts in the North Atlantic. While on passage to Gibraltar, an Italian Squadron comprising the battleships Vittorio Veneto and Andrea Doria attempted engaging the British, resulting in the Battle of Capo Teulada. In the course of the ballistic contact, at 1222 hrs Berwick sustained a 203-mm (8") hit on "X" turret, with 7 dead and 9 wounded, and another at 1235 hrs, probably another 203 mm, which exploded in the Officer's quarters.
25 Dec 1940
Escorting convoy WS.5a, a troop convoy to the Middle East, came under attack from the German heavy cruiser Admiral Hipper about 700 nautical miles west of Cape Finisterre, Spain in position 43°39'N, 25°08'W. Berwick engaged the attacker but got the worse of the encounter, HMS Berwick (Capt. G.L. Warren, RN) had received four hits one being a direct hit on the forward turret which killed five Royal Marines, repairs lasting until June 1941. Two of the merchants in the convoy were slightly damaged. The Admiral Hipper retired from the fray and she eventually reached the safety of Brest.
From 1941 to 1945 she was attached to the Home Fleet, mainly escorting convoys to North Russia and operating in the northern North Sea. In February 1942 escorted the carriers which attacked the Tirpitz in her anchorage at Altenfjord and again in 1944-45 but on the whole the remainder of her career was uneventful. (see map)