Allied Warships

HNMS Zeehond (N 73)

Submarine of the S class

NavyThe Royal Dutch Navy
TypeSubmarine
ClassS 
PennantN 73 
Built byChatham Dockyard (Chatham, U.K.) 
Ordered2 Jul 1930 
Laid down3 Jan 1931 
Launched8 Jan 1932 
Commissioned14 Oct 1943 
End service14 Sep 1945 
History

HMS Sturgeon was lent to the Royal Netherlands Navy while refitting at the Devonport Dockyard (Plymouth, U.K.). On 14 October 1943 she was commissioned in the Royal Netherlands Navy and renamed Zeehond. Decommissioned by the Royal Netherlands Navy at Dundee on 14 September 1945. Returned to R.N. control at Dundee on 17 November 1945. Scrapped at Granton, Scotland in 1947.

 
Former nameHMS Sturgeon

Commands listed for HNMS Zeehond (N 73)

Please note that we're still working on this section.

CommanderFromTo
1luitenant ter zee 1e klasse (Lt.Cdr.) Baron Donald Theodoor Mackay, RNN18 Oct 194310 May 1944
2luitenant ter zee 2e klasse (Lt.) Simon Hendrik de Boer, RNN10 May 194425 May 1944
3luitenant ter zee 1e klasse (Lt.Cdr.) Baron Donald Theodoor Mackay, RNN25 May 194418 Jan 1945
4luitenant ter zee 2e klasse (Lt.) Simon Hendrik de Boer, RNN18 Jan 194514 Sep 1945

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Notable events involving Zeehond include:


The history of HrMs Zeehond as compiled on this page is extracted from the patrol reports and logbooks of HrMs Zeehond found at the British National Archives at Kew, London and the Dutch Archives at The Hague.

This page was last updated in December 2014.

31 Oct 1943
With her refit completed HrMs Zeehond (Lt.Cdr. Baron D.T. Mackay, RNN) shifted from Plymouth to Portsmouth. (1)

11 Nov 1943
HrMs Zeehond (Lt.Cdr. Baron D.T. Mackay, RNN) departed Portsmouth for the Clyde. She made the passage together with HMS Sunfish (Lt. H.J. Bartlett, DSC, RN). They were escorted initially by the Vichy French submarine chaser Chasseur 5. HMS Cutty Sark (Cdr.(retired) R.H. Mack, RN) later took over the escort for onwards passage northwards through the Irish Sea. (2)

14 Nov 1943
HrMs Zeehond (Lt.Cdr. Baron D.T. Mackay, RNN) arrived at Rothesay where she joined the 7th Submarine Flotilla for training duties. (2)

11 Dec 1943
HrMs Zeehond (Lt.Cdr. Baron D.T. Mackay, RNN) departed Rothesay for St. Johns, Newfoundland, Canada.

Zeehond was to proceed to Bermuda to aid in A/S training from that base.

For the daily positions of HrMs Zeehond during this (aborted) passage see the map below.

(3)

18 Dec 1943
Early in the morning HrMs Zeehond (Lt.Cdr. Baron D.T. Mackay, RNN) set course to return to the U.K. So far she had been making the passage in very bad weather which resulted in a very high fuel consumption. There was now not enough fuel on board to reach St. Johns. (3)

22 Dec 1943
HrMs Zeehond (Lt.Cdr. Baron D.T. Mackay, RNN) arrived at Londonderry, Northern Ireland. (3)

26 Dec 1943
HrMs Zeehond (Lt.Cdr. Baron D.T. Mackay, RNN) departed Londonderry for Rothesay. (1)

14 Feb 1944
HrMs Zeehond (Lt.Cdr. Baron D.T. Mackay, RNN) departed Rothesay for Lerwick. She made the passage north through the Minches together with HMS Venturer (Lt. J.S. Launders, RN) that was to proceed to Scapa Flow. They were escorted by HMS Brimness (T/Skr. W. Anderson, RNR). (3)

17 Feb 1944
HrMs Zeehond (Lt.Cdr. Baron D.T. Mackay, RNN) arrived at Lerwick. She departed for her 1st war patrol later the same day. She was ordered to perform an anti-uboat patrol in the Norwegian Sea. 1

For the daily positions of HrMs Zeehond during this patrol see the map below.

(3)

25 Feb 1944
HrMs Zeehond (Lt.Cdr. Baron D.T. Mackay, RNN) was ordered to return to Lerwick. (3)

26 Feb 1944
HrMs Zeehond (Lt.Cdr. Baron D.T. Mackay, RNN) ended her 1st war patrol at Lerwick. (3)

27 Feb 1944
HrMs Zeehond (Lt.Cdr. Baron D.T. Mackay, RNN) departed Lerwick for Rothesay. Passage was made together with 3580 HMS Vampire (Lt. C.W. Taylor, RNR). They were escorted by HMS Annette until the Pentland Firth when HMS Crowlin (A/Skr.Lt. A. Smith, RNR) took over the escort. Also HrMs O 19 (Lt.Cdr. A. van Karnebeek, RNN) joined for onward passage to Holy Loch. (3)

29 Feb 1944
HrMs Zeehond (Lt.Cdr. Baron D.T. Mackay, RNN) arrived at Stornoway. She departed again later the same day with HrMs O 19 (Lt.Cdr. A. van Karnebeek, RNN) and HMS Vampire (Lt. C.W. Taylor, RNR). HMS HMS Cutty Sark (A/Cdr. E.A. Stocker, DSC, RN) was now their escort. (3)

1 Mar 1944
HrMs Zeehond (Lt.Cdr. Baron D.T. Mackay, RNN) arrived at Rothesay. (3)

8 Mar 1944
HrMs Zeehond (Lt.Cdr. Baron D.T. Mackay, RNN) was docked at Rothesay. (4)

12 Mar 1944
HrMs Zeehond (Lt.Cdr. Baron D.T. Mackay, RNN) was undocked. (4)

16 Mar 1944
HrMs Zeehond (Lt.Cdr. Baron D.T. Mackay, RNN) was ordered to proceed to Lerwick. She was to patrol off Norway as the British thought the German battleship Tirpitz was going to return to Germany for repairs. Safari made the passage North together with HMS Safari HMS Safari (Lt.Cdr.(retired) J.R.G. Harvey, RN) and HMS Una (Lt. C.A.J. Nicholl, RN). They were escorted by the Canadian corvette HMCS Camrose (T/A/Lt.Cdr. L.R. Pavillard, RCNR). (3)

18 Mar 1944
HrMs Zeehond (Lt.Cdr. Baron D.T. Mackay, RNN) arrived at Lerwick. She departed for her 2nd war patrol later the same day. She was ordered to patrol off the Norwegian coast. 2

For the daily positions of HrMs Zeehond during this patrol see the map below.

(3)

21 Mar 1944
HrMs Zeehond (Lt.Cdr. Baron D.T. Mackay, RNN) was ordered to return to Lerwick. (3)

23 Mar 1944
HrMs Zeehond (Lt.Cdr. Baron D.T. Mackay, RNN) ended her 2nd war patrol at Lerwick. (3)

24 Mar 1944
HrMs Zeehond (Lt.Cdr. Baron D.T. Mackay, RNN) departed Lerwick for Rothesay. She made the passage together with HMS Truant (Lt. E.C. Croswell, DSC, RN), HMS Safari (Lt.Cdr. (retired) J.R.G. Harvey, RN), HMS Vivid. (Lt. J.C. Varley, RN) and HMS Una (Lt. C.A.J. Nicholl, RN). They were escorted by the British minesweepers HMS La Capricieuse (Lt.Cdr.(retired) C.M. Norman, RN). (3)

27 Mar 1944
HrMs Zeehond (Lt.Cdr. Baron D.T. Mackay, RNN) arrived at Rothesay from where she resumed her training duties. (3)

11 Sep 1944
HrMs Zeehond (Lt.Cdr. Baron D.T. Mackay, RNN) was docked at Rothesay. (5)

18 Sep 1944
HrMs Zeehond (Lt.Cdr. Baron D.T. Mackay, RNN) was undocked. (5)

26 Oct 1944
HrMs Zeehond (Lt.Cdr. Baron D.T. Mackay, RNN) was docked at Rothesay. (5)

28 Oct 1944
HrMs Zeehond (Lt.Cdr. Baron D.T. Mackay, RNN) was undocked. (5)

18 Nov 1944
HrMs Zeehond (Lt.Cdr. Baron D.T. Mackay, RNN) departed Rothesay for Dundee. She made the passage together with HrMs O 15 (Lt. R.W. van Lynden, RNN). The submarines were escorted by HMS Castlenau (T/Skr. G. Wood, RNR). (5)

19 Nov 1944
HrMs Zeehond (Lt.Cdr. Baron D.T. Mackay, RNN), HrMs O 15 (Lt. R.W. van Lynden, RNN) and their escort HMS Castlenau (T/Skr. G. Wood, RNR) arrive at Tobermory. (6)

20 Nov 1944
HrMs Zeehond (Lt.Cdr. Baron D.T. Mackay, RNN), HrMs O 15 (Lt. R.W. van Lynden, RNN) and their escort HMS Castlenau (T/Skr. G. Wood, RNR) shifted from Tobemory to Loch Alsh. (6)

21 Nov 1944
HrMs Zeehond (Lt.Cdr. Baron D.T. Mackay, RNN), HrMs O 15 (Lt. R.W. van Lynden, RNN) and their escort HMS Castlenau (T/Skr. G. Wood, RNR) shifted from Loch Alsh to Stornoway. (6)

23 Nov 1944
HrMs Zeehond (Lt.Cdr. Baron D.T. Mackay, RNN), HrMs O 15 (Lt. R.W. van Lynden, RNN) and their escort HMS Castlenau (T/Skr. G. Wood, RNR) shifted from Stornoway to Loch Eriboll. (6)

24 Nov 1944
HrMs Zeehond (Lt.Cdr. Baron D.T. Mackay, RNN), HrMs O 15 (Lt. R.W. van Lynden, RNN) and their escort HMS Castlenau (T/Skr. G. Wood, RNR) departed Loch Eriboll to continue their passage to Dundee. (6)

25 Nov 1944
HrMs Zeehond (Lt.Cdr. Baron D.T. Mackay, RNN), HrMs O 15 (Lt. R.W. van Lynden, RNN) and their escort HMS Castlenau (T/Skr. G. Wood, RNR) arrived at Dundee. (6)

29 Dec 1944
HrMs Zeehond (Lt.Cdr. Baron D.T. Mackay, RNN) departed Dundee for Scapa Flow. She was escorted by HMS Ebor Abbey (T.Skr. G.H. Harwood, RNR). (6)

30 Dec 1944
HrMs Zeehond (Lt.Cdr. Baron D.T. Mackay, RNN) arrived at Scapa Flow where she was to participate in A/S exercises. (6)

1 Jan 1945
HrMs Zeehond (Lt.Cdr. Baron D.T. Mackay, RNN) conducted A/S exercises off Scapa Flow with HMS Virago (Lt.Cdr. A.J.R. White, RN). (6)

3 Jan 1945
HrMs Zeehond (Lt.Cdr. Baron D.T. Mackay, RNN) conducted A/S exercises off Scapa Flow with HMS Mauritius (Capt. C.A.E. Stanfield, RN) and HMS Apollo (Capt. J.A. Grindle, CBE, RN). (6)

4 Jan 1945
HrMs Zeehond (Lt.Cdr. Baron D.T. Mackay, RNN) conducted exercises off Scapa Flow. (6)

5 Jan 1945
HrMs Zeehond (Lt.Cdr. Baron D.T. Mackay, RNN) conducted A/S exercises off Scapa Flow with HMS Virago (Lt.Cdr. A.J.R. White, RN). (6)

6 Jan 1945
HrMs Zeehond (Lt.Cdr. Baron D.T. Mackay, RNN) conducted A/S exercises off Scapa Flow with HMS Bellona (Capt. C.F.W. Norris, DSO, RN). (6)

8 Jan 1945
HrMs Zeehond (Lt.Cdr. Baron D.T. Mackay, RNN) conducted exercises off Scapa Flow. (6)

9 Jan 1945
HrMs Zeehond (Lt.Cdr. Baron D.T. Mackay, RNN) conducted exercises off Scapa Flow. (6)

10 Jan 1945
HrMs Zeehond (Lt.Cdr. Baron D.T. Mackay, RNN) conducted exercises off Scapa Flow. (6)

11 Jan 1945
HrMs Zeehond (Lt.Cdr. Baron D.T. Mackay, RNN) conducted A/S exercises off Scapa Flow with HMS Cavalier (Lt.Cdr. D.T. McBarnet, RN). (6)

12 Jan 1945
HrMs Zeehond (Lt.Cdr. Baron D.T. Mackay, RNN) conducted exercises off Scapa Flow. (6)

13 Jan 1945
HrMs Zeehond (Lt.Cdr. Baron D.T. Mackay, RNN) conducted A/S exercises off Scapa Flow with HMS Cavalier (Lt.Cdr. D.T. McBarnet, RN). (6)

15 Jan 1945
HrMs Zeehond (Lt.Cdr. Baron D.T. Mackay, RNN) conducted A/S exercises off Scapa Flow with HMS Opportune (Cdr. R.E.D. Ryder, VC, RN), HMS Cavendish (Cdr. R.H. Maurice, DSO, RN) and HMS Cavalier (Lt.Cdr. D.T. McBarnet, RN). (6)

16 Jan 1945
HrMs Zeehond (Lt.Cdr. Baron D.T. Mackay, RNN) departed Scapa Flow for Dundee. She was escorted by HNoMS Narvik. (6)

17 Jan 1945
HrMs Zeehond (Lt.Cdr. Baron D.T. Mackay, RNN) arrived at Dundee. (6)

12 Apr 1945
HrMs Zeehond (Lt. S.H. de Boer, RNN) departed Dundee for Lerwick. She was escorted by HMS Loch Monteith (T/Lt. W.E. Turner, RNVR). (6)

13 Apr 1945
HrMs Zeehond (Lt. S.H. de Boer, RNN) arrived at Lerwick. (7)

14 Apr 1945
HrMs Zeehond (Lt. S.H. de Boer, RNN) departed Lerwick for Scapa Flow. She was escorted by HMS Loch Monteith (T/Lt. W.E. Turner, RNVR). (7)

15 Apr 1945
HrMs Zeehond (Lt. S.H. de Boer, RNN) arrived at Scapa Flow. (7)

17 Apr 1945
HrMs Zeehond (Lt. S.H. de Boer, RNN) conducted exercises off Scapa Flow with HMS Trusty (Lt. W. St.G. Anderson, DSC, RNR). (7)

18 Apr 1945
HrMs Zeehond (Lt. S.H. de Boer, RNN) conducted exercises off Scapa Flow with HMS Trusty (Lt. W. St.G. Anderson, DSC, RNR). (7)

21 Apr 1945
HrMs Zeehond (Lt. S.H. de Boer, RNN) conducted A/S exercises off Scapa Flow with ORP Garland (Lt. K. Hess, ORP). (7)

23 Apr 1945
HrMs Zeehond (Lt. S.H. de Boer, RNN) conducted exercises off Scapa Flow. (7)

24 Apr 1945
HrMs Zeehond (Lt. S.H. de Boer, RNN) departed Scapa Flow for Dundee. She made the passage south together with ORP Dzik (Lt. A. Klopotowski, ORP) and FFL Curie (Lt. P.J. Chailley). They were escorted by HMS Ebor Abbey (T.Skr. G.H. Harwood, RNR). (7)

25 Apr 1945
HrMs Zeehond (Lt. S.H. de Boer, RNN) arrived at Dundee. (7)

30 Apr 1945
HrMs Zeehond (Lt. S.H. de Boer, RNN) was docked at Dundee. (7)

8 May 1945
HrMs Zeehond (Lt. S.H. de Boer, RNN) was undocked. (7)

29 Jun 1945
HrMs Zeehond (Lt. S.H. de Boer, RNN) was docked at Dundee. (7)

10 Jul 1945
HrMs Zeehond (Lt. S.H. de Boer, RNN) was undocked. (7)

7 Aug 1945
HrMs Zeehond (Lt. S.H. de Boer, RNN) departed Dundee for Rotterdam. (7)

9 Aug 1945
HrMs Zeehond (Lt. S.H. de Boer, RNN) arrived at Rotterdam. (7)

6 Sep 1945
HrMs Zeehond (Lt. S.H. de Boer, RNN) departed Rotterdam for Dundee. (7)

8 Sep 1945
HrMs Zeehond (Lt. S.H. de Boer, RNN) arrived at Dundee. (7)

Sources

  1. ADM 199/2576
  2. ADM 199/1385
  3. ADM 199/1855
  4. 2.12.03.7150 (Dutch Archives, The Hague)
  5. 2.12.03.7151 (Dutch Archives, The Hague)
  6. 2.12.03.7152 (Dutch Archives, The Hague)
  7. 2.12.03.7153 (Dutch Archives, The Hague)

ADM numbers indicate documents at the British National Archives at Kew, London.


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