Allied Warships

HMS Stonehenge (P 232)

Submarine of the S class

NavyThe Royal Navy
TypeSubmarine
ClassS 
PennantP 232 
Built byCammell Laird Shipyard (Birkenhead, U.K.) 
Ordered3 Aug 1941 
Laid down4 Apr 1942 
Launched23 Mar 1943 
Commissioned15 Jun 1943 
Lost22 Mar 1944 
History

HMS Stonehenge (Lt. David Stuart McNeile Verschoyle-Campbell, DSO, DSC and Bar, RN) sailed from Trincomalee, Ceylon on 25 February 1944 for a patrol in the area between northern Sumatra and the Nicobar Islands. She was reported overdue on 20 March 1944 when she failed to return to Trincomalee. The cause of loss is unknown. She was lost with all hands.  

Commands listed for HMS Stonehenge (P 232)

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CommanderFromTo
1Lt. David Stuart McNeile Verschoyle-Campbell, DSC, RN6 Apr 1943Mar 1944

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Notable events involving Stonehenge include:


12 Jun 1943
HMS Stonehenge (Lt. D.S.M. Verschoyle-Campbell, DSC and Bar, RN) departed her builders yard at Birkenhead for Holy Loch. She is escorted during this passage by the British ASW trawler HMS Mazurka (A/Skr.Lt. J. Baxter, RNR).

13 Jun 1943
HMS Stonehenge (Lt. D.S.M. Verschoyle-Campbell, DSC and Bar, RN) arrived at Holy Loch for a period of trials and training.

12 Jul 1943
HMS Stonehenge (Lt. D.S.M. Verschoyle-Campbell, DSC and Bar, RN) departed Holy Loch for Port H.H.Z. (at Loch Cairnbawn). She had midget submarine X 8 in tow and en-route performed exercises with her. They were escorted by the Motor Launch HMS ML 235 (T/S.Lt. R.R. Kern, RNVR).

13 Jul 1943
HMS Stonehenge (Lt. D.S.M. Verschoyle-Campbell, DSC and Bar, RN) left X 8 in Loch Dunvegan. She was to proceed to Port H.H.Z. independently.

HMS Stonehenge proceeded to Scapa Flow still escorted by Motor Launch HMS ML 235 (T/S.Lt. R.R. Kern, RNVR).

14 Jul 1943
At 0500 hours, off Eddrachillis Bay, HMS Alecto (Lt.Cdr. H.A.L. Marsham, RN) took over escort of HMS Stonehenge (Lt. D.S.M. Verschoyle-Campbell, DSC and Bar, RN) from HMS ML 235 (T/S.Lt. R.R. Kern, RNVR).

Stonehenge arrived at Scapa Flow later on the same day. At Scapa Flow she was to participate in A/S exercises.

25 Jul 1943
HMS Stonehenge (Lt. D.S.M. Verschoyle-Campbell, DSC and Bar, RN) departed Scapa Flow for Holy Loch. She was escorted by the armed yacht HMS White Bear (Cdr. J.F. Drake, RNR).

26 Jul 1943
HMS Stonehenge (Lt. D.S.M. Verschoyle-Campbell, DSC and Bar, RN) arrived at Holy Loch.

18 Aug 1943
HMS Stonehenge (Lt. D.S.M. Verschoyle-Campbell, DSC and Bar, RN) was docked at Holy Loch.

19 Aug 1943
HMS Stonehenge (Lt. D.S.M. Verschoyle-Campbell, DSC and Bar, RN) was undocked.

8 Sep 1943
HMS Stonehenge (Lt. D.S.M. Verschoyle-Campbell, DSC and Bar, RN) departed Holy Loch for Lerwick. She made the passage together with HMS Uther (Lt. P.S. Beale, RN). They were escorted by the armed yacht HMS White Bear (Cdr. J.F. Drake, RNR).

10 Sep 1943
HMS Stonehenge (Lt. D.S.M. Verschoyle-Campbell, DSC and Bar, RN) arrived at Lerwick. After a few hours she departed for her 1st war patrol (work up patrol). She was ordered to patrol in the Norwegian Sea.

For the daily positions of HMS Stonehenge during this patrol see the map below.


View HMS Stonehenge 1st war patrol in a larger map

24 Sep 1943
HMS Stonehenge (Lt. D.S.M. Verschoyle-Campbell, DSC and Bar, RN) ended her 1st war patrol (work up patrol) at Lerwick.

29 Sep 1943
HMS Stonehenge (Lt. D.S.M. Verschoyle-Campbell, DSC and Bar, RN) departed Lerwick for Holy Loch. From Scapa Flow onwards she made the passage together with HMS Tuna (Lt. D.S.R. Martin, DSO and Bar, RN) and HMS Unswerving (Lt. M.D. Tattersall, RNVR). The submarines were escorted by the British minesweeper HMS La Capricieuse (Cdr. G.W. Dobson, RNR).

2 Oct 1943
HMS Stonehenge (Lt. D.S.M. Verschoyle-Campbell, DSC and Bar, RN) arrived at Holy Loch.

4 Oct 1943
HMS Stonehenge (Lt. D.S.M. Verschoyle-Campbell, DSC and Bar, RN) departed Holy Loch for Falmouth.

6 Oct 1943
HMS Stonehenge (Lt. D.S.M. Verschoyle-Campbell, DSC and Bar, RN) arrived at Falmouth.

7 Oct 1943
HMS Stonehenge (Lt. D.S.M. Verschoyle-Campbell, DSC and Bar, RN) shifted from Falmouth to Portland. She was escorted by the British ASW trawler HMS Lord Wakefield (Skr.Lt. H.L. Lang, DSC, RD, RNR).

8 Oct 1943
HMS Stonehenge (Lt. D.S.M. Verschoyle-Campbell, DSC and Bar, RN) shifted from Portland to Portsmouth. She made the passage together with HMS Clyde (Lt.Cdr. R.S. Brookes, DSO, DSC, RN) and the Free French submarine FFL Rubis. The submarines were escorted by the British ASW trawler HMS Lord Wakefield (Skr.Lt. H.L. Lang, DSC, RD, RNR).

10 Oct 1943
HMS Stonehenge (Lt. D.S.M. Verschoyle-Campbell, DSC and Bar, RN) departed Portsmouth for Sheerness. She made the passage in convoy CE 213.

11 Oct 1943
HMS Stonehenge (Lt. D.S.M. Verschoyle-Campbell, DSC and Bar, RN) arrived at Sheerness. At Sheerness Dockyard she was to be fitted with a new battery.

15 Oct 1943
HMS Stonehenge (Lt. D.S.M. Verschoyle-Campbell, DSC and Bar, RN) was docked at the Sheerness Dockyard.

29 Oct 1943
HMS Stonehenge (Lt. D.S.M. Verschoyle-Campbell, DSC and Bar, RN) was undocked.

2 Nov 1943
HMS Stonehenge (Lt. D.S.M. Verschoyle-Campbell, DSC and Bar, RN) departed Sheerness for Portsmouth. She made the passage with convoy CW 221.

3 Nov 1943
In the early hours of this day convoy CW 221, in which HMS Stonehenge (Lt. D.S.M. Verschoyle-Campbell, DSC and Bar, RN) is part of was attacked by German E-boats. Three ships of the convoy were sunk.

Stonehenge arrived at Portsmouth later the same day.

4 Nov 1943
HMS Stonehenge (Lt. D.S.M. Verschoyle-Campbell, DSC and Bar, RN) shifted from Portsmouth to Yarmouth.

5 Nov 1943
HMS Stonehenge (Lt. D.S.M. Verschoyle-Campbell, DSC and Bar, RN) departed Yarmouth for Gibraltar. She was escorted to Bishops Rock by Chasseur No.5.

Stonehenge was en-route to Beirut to join the 1st Submarine Flotilla.

For the daily positions of HMS Stonehenge during this passage see the map below.


View HMS Stonehenge passage Holy Loch - Trincomalee in a larger map

15 Nov 1943
HMS Stonehenge (Lt. D.S.M. Verschoyle-Campbell, DSC and Bar, RN) arrived at Gibraltar.

24 Nov 1943
HMS Stonehenge (Lt. D.S.M. Verschoyle-Campbell, DSC and Bar, RN) departed Gibraltar for Beirut. She made part of the passage with convoy KMF 26.

2 Dec 1943
HMS Stonehenge (Lt. D.S.M. Verschoyle-Campbell, DSC and Bar, RN) arrived at Beirut.

23 Dec 1943
HMS Stonehenge (Lt. D.S.M. Verschoyle-Campbell, DSC and Bar, RN) departed Beirut for Port Said.

It has been decided to send HMS Stonehenge to the Far East.

24 Dec 1943
HMS Stonehenge (Lt. D.S.M. Verschoyle-Campbell, DSC and Bar, RN) arrived at Port Said.

26 Dec 1943
HMS Stonehenge (Lt. D.S.M. Verschoyle-Campbell, DSC and Bar, RN) was docked at Port Said.

27 Dec 1943
HMS Stonehenge (Lt. D.S.M. Verschoyle-Campbell, DSC and Bar, RN) was undocked.

28 Dec 1943
HMS Stonehenge (Lt. D.S.M. Verschoyle-Campbell, DSC and Bar, RN) transited the Suez Canal.

29 Dec 1943
HMS Stonehenge (Lt. D.S.M. Verschoyle-Campbell, DSC and Bar, RN) departed Suez for Aden.

6 Jan 1944
HMS Stonehenge (Lt. D.S.M. Verschoyle-Campbell, DSC and Bar, RN) conducted exercises off Aden with HMS Redoubt (Lt.Cdr. N.E.G. Ropner, DSO, RN) and HMAS Norman (Cdr. H.J. Buchanan DSO, RAN).

7 Jan 1944
HMS Stonehenge (Lt. D.S.M. Verschoyle-Campbell, DSC and Bar, RN) departed Aden for Colombo.

16 Jan 1944
HMS Stonehenge (Lt. D.S.M. Verschoyle-Campbell, DSC and Bar, RN) arrived at Colombo.

21 Jan 1944
HMS Stonehenge (Lt. D.S.M. Verschoyle-Campbell, DSC and Bar, RN) departed Colombo for Trincomalee.

23 Jan 1944
HMS Stonehenge (Lt. D.S.M. Verschoyle-Campbell, DSC and Bar, RN) arrived at Trincomalee.

1 Feb 1944
HMS Stonehenge (Lt. D.S.M. Verschoyle-Campbell, DSC and Bar, RN) departed Trincomalee for her 2nd war patrol (1st in the Far East). She was ordered to patrol in the Malacca Strait. She was also to carry out a special operation.

Before proceeding on patrol A/S exercises were carried out with HMS Paladin (Lt. E.A.S. Bailey DSC, MBE, RN) and HMS Pathfinder (Lt.Cdr. T.F. Hallifax, RN).

5 Feb 1944
HMS Stonehenge (Lt. D.S.M. Verschoyle-Campbell, DSC and Bar, RN) sank the Japanese merchant vessel Koryo Maru No.2 (726 GRT ???) north of Penang, Sumatra. [we were not able to find details of this ship, the name of this ship probably originate from Ultra files and may not be correct].

A second attack on another ship failed.

(all times are zone -6.5)
0610 hours - In position 310° - Pulo Rondo - 15 nautical miles sighted a small object bearing 335°. Turned towards, dived and closed at full speed.

0640 hours - The target was now seen to be a small merchant ship resembling a ferry steamer with one mast and one funnel. She was thought to be of 1500 tons.

0652 hours - In position 310° - Pulo Rondo - 17 nautical miles (approximately 06°14'N, 94°58'E) fired two torpedoes set to six feet at a range of 800 yards.

0654 hours - The torpedoes were seen to run under. It was now seen that the target was much smaller then first thought, 700 - 800 tons. It was decided to surface and attack with gunfire.

0655 hours - Surfaced on the targets Port quarter at a range of 800 yards. The target immediately opened fire but the first round fired by Stonehenge hit the gun and the Oerlikon literraly flattened the marchine-gunners and bridge personnel.

0725 hours - After 60 hours had been fired, for 50 hits, the target turned over and sank stern first. Just before the ships sank the masts of a second ship were sighted bearing 310°, range about 10 nautical miles.

0735 hours - Dived and closed the second target.

0826 hours - The target was seen to be a merchant vessel of about 4000 tons. She was making for Sabang and was in ballast.

0856 hours - In position 318° - Pulo Rondo - 14 nautical miles fired four torpedoes set to six feet from 850 yards. One again the torpedoes were seen to run under. The tracks were seen and the periscope was taken under fire. It was considered not wise to surface for gun action.

7 Feb 1944
During the night of 7 / 8 February 1944 HMS Stonehenge (Lt. D.S.M. Verschoyle-Campbell, DSC and Bar, RN) carried out operation 'Slug'. A party was landed at Lem Hua Krung Yai, Siam (about 80 miles North of Phuket).

12 Feb 1944
HMS Stonehenge (Lt. D.S.M. Verschoyle-Campbell, DSC and Bar, RN) sank the Japanese auxiliary minelayer Choko Maru (889 GRT, built 1940) off the west coast of Malaya in position 05°46'N, 99°52'E.

(All times are zone -6.5)
1230 hours - In position 05°43'N, 100°00'E sighted the masts and funnel of a large ship bearing 310°. Range was about 12 nautical miles. She was escorted by two submarine chasers. Closed.

1300 hours - Another submarine chaser appeared from the South. She joined the other two.

1453 hours - Stonehenge was now in position 05°43'N, 99°56'E. Range was now 12000 yards. Started attack.

1510 hours - The target was seen to be a ship of 7000 tons. It was thought to be an aircraft tender.

1535 hours - The target turned towards and headed towards Penang.

1556 hours - In position 05°45'N, 99°55'E fired 4 torpedoes from 1200 yards. The target sighted the torpedo tracks and was able to evade them.

1602 hours - Stonehenge meanwhile had gone deep. The first pattern of 4 depth charges was dropped. They were close but caused no damage. Due to an error in drill the stern tube was fired. In the next half hour more than 30 depth charges were dropped. None were very close.

1655 hours - In position 05°43'N, 99°54'E returned to periscope depth. The target was seen to be laying stopped in the position of the attack with a submarine chaser circling round her. Two other chasers were hunting to the Northward.

1810 hours - Sighted the target still laying stopped. Stonehenge remained in the area while reloading the torpedo tubes. The submarine chaser that had been circling the target meanwhile had left the area for Penang.

1853 hours - In position 05°45'N, 99°51'E fired one torpedo. 31 Seconds later it was seen to hit amidships.

1905 hours - Surfaced. Nothing in sight so the ship must have sunk. Set course to the Westward at full speed.

1915 hours - In position 05°45'N, 99°50'E a stream of tracer bullits went over the bridge. Dived and went deep.

1920 hours - A pattern of 5 depth charges was dropped. Quite close causing minor damage.

2020 hours - Came to periscope depth in position 05°45'N, 99°47'E. Nothing in sight.

2115 hours - Surfaced in position 05°45'N, 99°45'E. Retired to the West at high speed. An aircraft soon appeared on the scene that dropped several flares. No attack however followed. Meanwhile one of the engines was used to give an emergency charge to the depleted battery in case Stonehenge was forced to dive again. No surface vessels however showed up and after two hours the aircraft left the area.

[It is noticable that the target was much smaller then estimated by Lt. Verschoyle-Campbell]

18 Feb 1944
HMS Stonehenge (Lt. D.S.M. Verschoyle-Campbell, DSC and Bar, RN) ended her 2nd war patrol (1st in the Far East) at Trincomalee.

25 Feb 1944
HMS Stonehenge (Lt. D.S.M. Verschoyle-Campbell, DSC and Bar, RN) departed Trincomalee for her 3rd war patrol (2nd in the Far East). She was ordered to patrol off the Nicobar Islands and Northern end of the Malacca Strait.

Stonehenge did not return from this patrol and to this day it is not clear what happened to her.


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