Allied Warships

HMS Templar (P 316)

Submarine of the T class

NavyThe Royal Navy
TypeSubmarine
ClassT 
PennantP 316 
Built byVickers Armstrong (Barrow-in-Furness, U.K.) 
Ordered4 Nov 1940 
Laid down28 Dec 1941 
Launched26 Oct 1942 
Commissioned15 Feb 1943 
End service 
History

Sunk as a target in Loch Striven, Scotland in 1954. Salvaged on 4 December 1958. Arrived at Troon, Scotland on 19 July 1959 to be scrapped.

 
Former nameP 96

Commands listed for HMS Templar (P 316)

Please note that we're still working on this section.

CommanderFromTo
1Lt. Denis John Beckley, DSO, RN1 Jan 194310 Apr 1944
2Lt. Thomas Graeme Ridgeway, RN10 Apr 1944Mar 1945
3T/Lt. Cyril James Hardy, RNVRMar 194511 Jul 1945
4Lt. Thomas Graeme Ridgeway, RN11 Jul 1945

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Notable events involving Templar include:


11 Feb 1943
HMS Templar (Lt. D.J. Beckley, DSO, RN) departed from Barrow for Holy Loch.

12 Feb 1943
HMS Templar (Lt. D.J. Beckley, DSO, RN) arrived at Holy Loch to begin a period of trials and training.

22 Mar 1943
HMS Templar (Lt. D.J. Beckley, DSO, RN) departed from Holy Loch for her 1st war patrol. She is to patrol in the Norwegian Sea. Before proceeding on patrol she is to make a short stop at Lerwick.

For the daily positions of HMS Templar during this patrol see the map below.


HMS Templar 1st war patrolclick here for bigger map

23 Mar 1943
While en-route to Lerwick to top up with fuel and provisions HMS Templar (Lt. D.J. Beckley, DSO, RN) was ordered to proceed to a patrol area of the Lofoten with despatch and not to proceed to Lerwick. Several German 'heavy units' had been on the move in Northern Norway.

10 Apr 1943
HMS Templar (Lt. D.J. Beckley, DSO, RN) ended her 1st war patrol at Lerwick.

11 Apr 1943
HMS Templar (Lt. D.J. Beckley, DSO, RN) departed from Lerwick bound for Holy Loch.

13 Apr 1943
HMS Templar (Lt. D.J. Beckley, DSO, RN) arrived at Holy Loch.

18 May 1943
HMS Templar (Lt. D.J. Beckley, DSO, RN) is docked at Holy Loch.

19 May 1943
HMS Templar (Lt. D.J. Beckley, DSO, RN) left dock.

25 May 1943
HMS Templar (Lt. D.J. Beckley, DSO, RN) departed from Holy Loch for Gibraltar.

For the daily positions of HMS Templar during this passage see the map below.


HMS Templar passage Holy Loch - Gibraltarclick here for bigger map

7 Jun 1943
HMS Templar (Lt. D.J. Beckley, DSO, RN) arrived at Gibraltar.

13 Jun 1943
HMS Templar (Lt. D.J. Beckley, DSO, RN) departed from Gibraltar for her 2nd war patrol (1st in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to patrol off Southern France.

For the daily positions of HMS Templar during this patrol see the map below.


HMS Templar 2nd war patrolclick here for bigger map

30 Jun 1943
HMS Templar (Lt. D.J. Beckley, DSO, RN) ended her 2nd war patrol (1st in the Mediterranean) at Algiers.

12 Jul 1943
HMS Templar (Lt. D.J. Beckley, DSO, RN) departed from Algiers for her 3rd war patrol (2nd in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to patrol to the North of Corsica.

For the daily positions of HMS Templar during this patrol see the map below.


HMS Templar 3rd war patrolclick here for bigger map

21 Jul 1943
HMS Templar (Lt. D.J. Beckley, DSO, RN) attacks the Italian submarine Axum with 7 torpedoes about 5 nautical miles North-West of Calvi, Corsica, France in position 42°35'N, 08°38'E. All torpedoes fired missed their target.

The Axum was en-route from La Spezia to La Maddalena and observed, in all, 6 torpedo tracks (7 torpedoes had been actually fired, the first torpedo was probably not noticed) and took evasive action. The periscope of the attacker was briefly seen but at such close range that the stern torpedoes were not fired as they would not had the time to be activated.

(All times are zone -2)
1320 hours - In position 42°35'N, 08°38'E sighted U-boat on a course of 210° at a range of 4000 yards. Started attack.

1330 hours - Fired 1 torpedo from 1500 yards (more were intended but Templar was not kept at a steady depth). The torpedo missed.

1333 hours - Upon regaining depth control and return to periscope depth fired 4 torpedoes from 1500 yards. All missed again due to the target altering course.

1340 hours - Fired another 2 torpedoes from 3000 yards. Once again the torpedoed missed.

2 Aug 1943
HMS Templar (Lt. D.J. Beckley, DSO, RN) ended her 3rd war patrol (2nd in the Mediterranean) at Algiers.

12 Aug 1943
HMS Templar (Lt. D.J. Beckley, DSO, RN) is docked at Algiers.

15 Aug 1943
HMS Templar (Lt. D.J. Beckley, DSO, RN) left dock.

21 Aug 1943
HMS Templar (Lt. D.J. Beckley, DSO, RN) departed from Algiers bound for Malta. She makes the passage in convoy KMS-23.

For the daily positions of HMS Templar during this passage see the map below.


HMS Templar passage Malta - Beirutclick here for bigger map

24 Aug 1943
HMS Templar (Lt. D.J. Beckley, DSO, RN) arrived at Malta.

25 Aug 1943
HMS Templar (Lt. D.J. Beckley, DSO, RN) departed from Malta for Beirut.

30 Aug 1943
HMS Templar (Lt. D.J. Beckley, DSO, RN) arrived at Beirut.

5 Sep 1943
HMS Templar (Lt. D.J. Beckley, DSO, RN) departed from Beirut for Port Said. It has been decided that Templar is to join the 4th Submarine Flotilla in the Far East.

7 Sep 1943
HMS Templar (Lt. D.J. Beckley, DSO, RN) arrived at Port Said. Here she is docked.

8 Sep 1943
HMS Templar (Lt. D.J. Beckley, DSO, RN) left dock.

9 Sep 1943
HMS Templar (Lt. D.J. Beckley, DSO, RN) departed from Port Said for Aden. She transits the Suez Canal this day.

For the daily positions of HMS Templar during this passage see the map below.


HMS Templar passage Beirut - Colomboclick here for bigger map

16 Sep 1943
HMS Templar (Lt. D.J. Beckley, DSO, RN) arrived at Aden

18 Sep 1943
HMS Templar (Lt. D.J. Beckley, DSO, RN) departed from Aden for Colombo.

29 Sep 1943
HMS Templar (Lt. D.J. Beckley, DSO, RN) arrived at Colombo.

9 Oct 1943
HMS Templar (Lt. D.J. Beckley, DSO, RN) departed from Colombo for her 4th war patrol (1st in the Far East). She is to patrol in the Malacca Straits.

No log is available for October 1943 so no map of this patrol can be displayed.

31 Oct 1943
HMS Templar (Lt. D.J. Beckley, DSO, RN) ended her 4th war patrol (1st in the Far East) at Colombo.

10 Nov 1943
HMS Templar (Lt. D.J. Beckley, DSO, RN) is docked at Colombo to change a propeller.

11 Nov 1943
HMS Templar (Lt. D.J. Beckley, DSO, RN) left dock.

17 Nov 1943
HMS Templar (Lt. D.J. Beckley, DSO, RN) departed from Colombo for her 5th war patrol (2nd in the Far East). She is to patrol in the Malacca Straits. A special operation is also to be carried out on the West coast of Siam to the North of Phuket.

For the daily positions of HMS Templar during this patrol see the map below.


HMS Templar 5th war patrolclick here for bigger map

25 Nov 1943
During 25 and 26 November 1943 HMS Templar (Lt. D.J. Beckley, DSO, RN) carries out her special operation (details to follow).

8 Dec 1943
HMS Templar (Lt. D.J. Beckley, DSO, RN) ended her 5th war patrol (2nd in the Far East) at Trincomalee.

28 Dec 1943
HMS Templar (Lt. D.J. Beckley, DSO, RN) departed from Trincomalee for her 6th war patrol (3rd in the Far East). She is to patrol off the West coast of Siam and the approaches to the Malacca Straits.

For the daily positions of HMS Templar during this patrol see the map below.


HMS Templar 6th war patrolclick here for bigger map

1 Jan 1944
On board HMS Templar (Lt. D.J. Beckley, DSO, RN) the high power periscope flooded up. None the less she continues her patrol.

4 Jan 1944
Lt. D.J. Beckley, DSO, RN decides to abandon HMS Templar's 6th war patrol. The high power periscope had flooded up several days ago but besides that there were problems with radar and compass. Course is set to return to Trincomalee.

8 Jan 1944
HMS Templar (Lt. D.J. Beckley, DSO, RN) ended her 6th war patrol (3rd in the Far East) at Trincomalee.

8 Jan 1944
HMS Templar (Lt. D.J. Beckley, DSO, RN) carries out a special operation (Details to follow).

18 Jan 1944
HMS Templar (Lt. D.J. Beckley, DSO, RN) departed from Trincomalee for her 7th war patrol (4th in the Far East). She is to patrol in the Malacca Straits. She is also to perform a special operation.

For the daily positions of HMS Templar during this patrol see the map below.


HMS Templar 7th war patrolclick here for bigger map

24 Jan 1944
HMS Templar (Lt. D.J. Beckley, DSO, RN) attacks a Japanese submarine with 6 torpedoes about 60 nautical miles South of Penang in position 04°20'N, 100°20'E. All torpedoes missed their, so far unidentified, target.

(All times are zone -7)
1155 hours - Sighted a Japanese submarine bearing Green 60°, range 6000 yards. The enemy's course was estimated to be 345°. Started attack.

1204 hours - Fired 6 torpedoes from 5000 yards as the distance could not be closed.

1208 hours - It was observed that the enemy's course was now 030° meaning the torpedoes must have passed ahead. At one commenced to run in at speed to attack with the remaining two bow torpedoes (in external tubes 7 and 8).

1211 hours - Sighted the enemy to have altered course to the West and disappearing in a cloud of smoke. They must have sighted the torpedo tracks. Abandoned the attack.

26 Jan 1944
The Japanese light cruiser Kitakami (offsite link) was torpedoed and damaged by two torpedoes from HMS Templar (Lt. D.J. Beckley, DSO, RN) in the Malacca Strait south west off Penang in position 05°00'N, 98°25'E.

(All times are zone -7)
26 January 1944
2312 hours - Heard HE to the Northward. Turned towards and almost immediately sighted a ship at high speed. Commenced attack.

2314 hours - More HE was reported. Sighted the ship sighted was most likely a destroyer.

2316 hours - Sighted a cruiser and turned to attack. The course of the enemy was estimated at 130°, speed 20 knots.

2318 hours - Fired 8 torpedoes from 7000 yards. When the last torpedo was fired Templar went deep.

2325 hours - Heard a torpedo explosion giving a running range of 6800 yards. The explosion was followed by several smaller explosions.

2350 hours - Heard a destroyer circling at high speed.

2356 hours - Heard 2 explosions, most likely depth charges.

27 January 1944
0002 hours - Two more explosions, most likely also depth charges.

0005 hours - Heard the destroyer leaving the area.

0400 hours - Surfaced.

31 Jan 1944
HMS Templar (Lt. D.J. Beckley, DSO, RN) attacks a Japanese submarine with her last 3 torpedoes about 60 nautical miles South of Penang in position 04°20'N, 100°21'E. All torpedoes missed their, so far unidentified, target.

Templar was out of torpedoes after this attack. She had to remain on patrol as she had to carry out a special operation on 8 January 1944.

(All times are zone -7)
1137 hours - In position 04°20'N, 100°21'E sighted a Japanese submarine proceeding to the Northward. Started attack.

1142 hours - Fired the last three (stern) torpedoes from 7000 yards.

1150 hours - Two torpedoes exploded. The submarine was out of sight at this time, only a patch of smoke could be seen.

12 Feb 1944
HMS Templar (Lt. D.J. Beckley, DSO, RN) ended her 7th war patrol (4th in the Far East) at Trincomalee.

16 Feb 1944
HMS Templar (Lt. D.J. Beckley, DSO, RN) departed from Trincomalee bound for Colombo where she is to dock.

18 Feb 1944
HMS Templar (Lt. D.J. Beckley, DSO, RN) arrived at Colombo and is put into dock immediately.

26 Feb 1944
HMS Templar (Lt. D.J. Beckley, DSO, RN) left dock. She departed from Colombo for Trincomalee later the same day.

28 Feb 1944
HMS Templar (Lt. D.J. Beckley, DSO, RN) arrived at Trincomalee.

1 Mar 1944
HMS Templar (Lt. D.J. Beckley, DSO, RN) departed from Trincomalee for her 8th war patrol (5th in the Far East). She is to patrol in the Malacca Straits.

For the daily positions of HMS Templar during this patrol see the map below.


HMS Templar 8th war patrolclick here for bigger map

13 Mar 1944
HMS Templar (Lt. D.J. Beckley, DSO, RN) is detected and depth charged by a Japanese submarine chaser. 31 Depth charges in all were dropped. No damage is done.

28 Mar 1944
HMS Templar (Lt. D.J. Beckley, DSO, RN) ended her 8th war patrol (5th in the Far East) at Trincomalee.

26 Apr 1944
HMS Templar (Lt. T.G. Ridgeway, RN) departed from Trincomalee for her 9th war patrol (6th in the Far East). She is to patrol off the North-West coast of Sumatra. She is also to undertake a special operation (Details to follow).

For the daily positions of HMS Templar during this patrol see the map below.


HMS Templar 9th war patrolclick here for bigger map

9 May 1944
HMS Templar (Lt. T.G. Ridgeway, RN) ended her 9th war patrol (6th in the Far East) at Trincomalee.

13 May 1944
HMS Templar (Lt. T.G. Ridgeway, RN) is docked at Trincomalee.

16 May 1944
HMS Templar (Lt. T.G. Ridgeway, RN) left dock.

23 May 1944
HMS Templar (Lt. T.G. Ridgeway, RN) departed from Trincomalee for her 10th war patrol (7th in the Far East). She is to patrol in the Malacca Straits. She is also to lay a minefield off the Dindings.

For the daily positions of HMS Templar during this patrol see the map below.


HMS Templar 10th war patrolclick here for bigger map

28 May 1944
HMS Templar (Lt. T.G. Ridgeway, RN) claims to have torpedoed and sunk a Japanese merchant ship in Malacca Straits.

It is often stated that this was the Japanese merchant ship Chokai Maru (2658 GRT, built 1931). This ship was however lost in 1941 before the start of the war. It is not clear what ship Templar had sunk.

(All times are zone -6.5)
0540 hours - In position 04°18'N, 100°18'E sighted two merchant ships escorted by two trawlers and one submarine chasers. Bearing 160°, range about 5000 yards, course 340°, speed 9 knots. Started attack.

0552 hours - Fired three stern torpedoes from 2400 yards resulting in one hit. The target was later seen to be standing vertically on end in 180 feet of water. Templar was hunted and depth charged following the attack. 18 Depth charges in all were dropped but these did no damage.

30 May 1944
HMS Templar (Lt. T.G. Ridgeway, RN) is detected and depth charged by a Japanese submarine chaser. 26 Depth charges in all were dropped. No damage is done.

4 Jun 1944
HMS Templar (Lt. T.G. Ridgeway, RN) lays mines in the Strait of Malacca off the Dindings near position 04°16'N, 100°27'E.

(All times are zone -6.5)
1615 to 1845 hours - Laid 12 mines in minefield M.L.O. 8.

1850 hours - Surfaced in position 04°16'N, 100°27'E.

16 Jun 1944
HMS Templar (Lt. T.G. Ridgeway, RN) ended her 10th war patrol (7th in the Far East) at Trincomalee.

23 Jun 1944
HMS Templar (Lt. T.G. Ridgeway, RN) is docked at Trincomalee.

27 Jun 1944
HMS Templar (Lt. T.G. Ridgeway, RN) left dock.

9 Jul 1944
HMS Templar (Lt. T.G. Ridgeway, RN) departed from Trincomalee for her 11th war patrol (8th in the Far East). She is to patrol off Northern Sumatra and to carry out a special operation (details to follow).

For the daily positions of HMS Templar during this patrol see the map below.


HMS Templar 11th war patrolclick here for bigger map

16 Jul 1944
HMS Templar (Lt. T.G. Ridgeway, RN) misses German U-boat U-1062 with torpedoes north of Sumatra. U-1062 had departed Penang bound for Europe the previous day.

(All times are zone -6.5)
1345 hours - In position 07°03'N, 96°00'E, the conning tower of a submarine was sighted about 8 nautical miles away, an attack was commenced.

1429 hours - Eight torpedoes were fired from 4000 yards that all missed. The enemy evaded the torpedoes.

31 Jul 1944
HMS Templar (Lt. T.G. Ridgeway, RN) ended her 11th war patrol (8th in the Far East) at Trincomalee.

14 Aug 1944
HMS Templar (Lt. T.G. Ridgeway, RN) departed from Trincomalee bound for Aden. She is to return to the U.K. for a refit.

For the daily positions of HMS Templar during this passage see the map below.


HMS Templar passage Trincomalee - U.K.click here for bigger map

28 Aug 1944
HMS Templar (Lt. T.G. Ridgeway, RN) arrived at Aden.

15 Sep 1944
HMS Templar (Lt. T.G. Ridgeway, RN) departed from Aden bound for Suez.

20 Sep 1944
HMS Templar (Lt. T.G. Ridgeway, RN) arrived at Suez.

22 Sep 1944
HMS Templar (Lt. T.G. Ridgeway, RN) transits the Suez Canal and arrived at Port Said.

24 Sep 1944
HMS Templar (Lt. T.G. Ridgeway, RN) departed from Port Said bound for Malta.

29 Sep 1944
HMS Templar (Lt. T.G. Ridgeway, RN) arrived at Malta.

7 Oct 1944
HMS Templar (Lt. T.G. Ridgeway, RN) departed from Malta bound for Gibraltar.

12 Oct 1944
HMS Templar (Lt. T.G. Ridgeway, RN) arrived at Gibraltar.

19 Oct 1944
HMS Templar (Lt. T.G. Ridgeway, RN) departed from Gibraltar bound for Holy Loch.

28 Oct 1944
HMS Templar (Lt. T.G. Ridgeway, RN) arrived at Holy Loch.

During the period between arriving in the U.K. and the start of her refit Templar is used for exercises, including snort trials.

2 Feb 1945
HMS Templar (Lt. T.G. Ridgeway, RN) proceeds from Holy Loch for Troon where she is to refit.

19 Sep 1945
Upon completion of her refit HMS Templar (Lt. T.G. Ridgeway, RN) departed from Troon for Holy Loch to begin a period of trials and training.

Media links


The T-class Submarine

Kemp, Paul J.


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