Allied Warships

HMS United (P 44)

Submarine of the U class

NavyThe Royal Navy
TypeSubmarine
ClassU 
PennantP 44 
Built byVickers Armstrong (Barrow-in-Furness, U.K.) 
Ordered23 Aug 1940 
Laid down25 Feb 1941 
Launched18 Dec 1941 
Commissioned2 Apr 1942 
End service 
History

Scrapped at Troon on 12 February 1946.

 

Commands listed for HMS United (P 44)

Please note that we're still working on this section.

CommanderFromTo
1Lt. Thomas Erasmus Barlow, RN11 Jan 19427 Dec 1942
2Lt. John Charles Young Roxburgh, DSC, RN7 Dec 194230 Dec 1943
3Lt. Norman Richard Wood, RN30 Dec 194322 Jul 1944
4Lt. Martin Douglas Hutley, RNR22 Jul 194422 Oct 1945

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Notable events involving United include:


The history of HMS P 44 / HMS United as compiled on this page is extracted from the patrol reports and logbooks of this submarine. Corrections and details regarding information from the enemy's side (for instance the composition of convoys attacked) is kindly provided by Mr. Platon Alexiades, a naval researcher from Canada.

This page was last updated in August 2016.

1 Apr 1942
HMS P 44 (Lt. T.E. Barlow, RN) departed her builders yard at Barrow for Holy Loch. She made the passage together with HMS P 614 (Lt. D.J. Beckley, RN). They were escorted by HrMs Jan van Gelder (Lt. P.L.M. van Geen, RNN). (1)

2 Apr 1942
HMS P 44 (Lt. T.E. Barlow, RN) arrived at Holy Loch to begin a period of trials and training. (1)

29 Apr 1942
HMS P 44 (Lt. T.E. Barlow, RN) departed Holy Loch for Gibraltar. Passage south through the Irish Sea was made together with HMS H 43 (Lt. F.D.G. Challis, DSC, RN). They were escorted by HMS White Bear (Cdr. (retired) C.C. Flemming, RN).

For the daily and attack positions of HMS P 44 during this passage see the map below.

(2)

1 May 1942
At 1930 hours, HMS P 44 (Lt. T.E. Barlow, RN), parted company with her escort HMS White Bear (Cdr. (retired) C.C. Flemming, RN) in position 270°, Wolf Rock, 4 nautical miles. (2)

7 May 1942
HMS P 44 (Lt. T.E. Barlow, RN) attacked the inbound German submarine U-157 about 220 nautical miles north-west of Cape Finisterre, Spain in position 45°06'N, 12°58'W. Four torpedoes were fired but no hits were obtained.

(All times are zone -1)
1546 hours - Sighted an eastbound enemy submarine at a range of 3000 yards on the starboard quarter. Started attack.

1552 hours - Fired a salvo of four torpedoes from 5000 yards. No hits were obtained.

[The Germans reported four torpedo tracks and were able to evade them. The attack was however reported in German Grid BE 3424, approximately 49°57'N, 15°25'W, which is probably in error]. (2)

11 May 1942
HMS P 44 (Lt. T.E. Barlow, RN) arrived at Gibraltar. She was escorted in by HMS Leyland (T/Lt. A.K. Nears, RNR). (2)

16 May 1942
HMS P 44 (Lt. T.E. Barlow, RN) was docked at Gibraltar. (3)

19 May 1942
HMS P 44 (Lt. T.E. Barlow, RN) was undocked. (3)

21 May 1942
HMS P 44 (Lt. T.E. Barlow, RN) conducted exercises off Gibraltar together with HMS Wrestler (Lt. R.W.B. Lacon DSC, RN) and HMS Partridge (Lt.Cdr. W.A.F. Hawkins, DSC, OBE, RN) (3)

22 May 1942
HMS P 44 (Lt. T.E. Barlow, RN) conducted exercises off Gibraltar together with HMS Coltsfoot (Lt.Cdr. the Hon. W.K. Rous, RNVR) and HMS Geranium (T/Lt. A. Foxall, RNR). (3)

24 May 1942
HMS P 44 (Lt. T.E. Barlow, RN) departed Gibraltar for her 1st war patrol (also 1st in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to patrol in the Alboran Sea. This was a work-up patrol.

For the daily positions of HMS P 44 during this patrol see the map below.

(2)

31 May 1942
HMS P 44 (Lt. T.E. Barlow, RN) ended her 1st war patrol (also 1st in the Mediterranean) at Gibraltar. (2)

4 Jun 1942
HMS P 44 (Lt. T.E. Barlow, RN) departed Gibraltar for her 2nd war patrol (also 2nd in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to patrol between Sardinia and Sicily, one of several submarines deployed to cover operation Harpoon.

For the daily positions of HMS P 44 during this patrol see the map below.

(4)

24 Jun 1942
HMS P 44 (Lt. T.E. Barlow, RN) ended her 2nd war patrol (also 2nd in the Mediterranean) at Gibraltar. (4)

10 Jul 1942
HMS P 44 (Lt. T.E. Barlow, RN) departed Gibraltar for Malta.

For the daily positions of HMS P 44 during this passage see the map below.

(5)

21 Jul 1942
HMS P 44 (Lt. T.E. Barlow, RN) arrived at Malta. (5)

1 Aug 1942
HMS P 44 (Lt. T.E. Barlow, RN) departed Malta for her 3rd war patrol (also 3rd in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to patrol off Kuriat.

For the daily and attack positions of HMS P 44 during this patrol see the map below.

(5)

2 Aug 1942
HMS P 44 (Lt. T.E. Barlow, RN) attacked a merchant vessel with four torpedoes in approximate position 35°40'N, 12°18'E. The target was then engaged with the gun but the action had to be broken off after two hits had been obtained. This was the Italian auxiliary F 64 / Petsamo (305 GRT, built 1924) travelling from Lampedusa to Pantelleria. As she opened fire on the submarine, five crew members and a German passenger escaped in a lifeboat. They were later picked up by the Italian torpedo boat Circe and were prosecuted for dereliction of duty.

(All times are zone -2)
2230 hours - Sighted smoke bearing 040°. Altered course to investigate.

2250 hours - The contact was seen to be a vessel of 2000 to 3000 tons on a course of 275°. Range was closed as fast as possible.

2320 hours - Range was now 3000 yards. Fired torpedoes, three were intended but due to an error in drill all four tubes were in fact fired. An explosion was heard after 5m 20s after firing the first torpedo but all should have crossed the target line long before this. It is thought all torpedoes missed ahead of the target. As the enemy did not appear to have noticed the attack it was closed to 2000 yards and fire was then opened with the gun.

After two hits had been scored the vessel altered towards and also opened fire. This gunfire was at first wildly. It now appeared that the vessel might be a trawler or auxiliary vessel ant it seemed prudent to break off the engagement.

2345 hours - Broke off the action and dived. Immediately started reloading the torpedo tubes. HE was heard for 30 minutes but then faded out. (5)

3 Aug 1942
HMS P 44 (Lt. T.E. Barlow, RN) attacked an escorted merchant vessel off Kuriat. Four torpedoes were fired but no hits were obtained. The target has not yet (August 2016) been identified.

(All times are zone -2)
2220 hours - Sighted the lights of a vessel on a northerly course steering up from south of Kuriat Island and 6 nautical miles from the shore. 10 Minutes later she was seen to be accompanied by a second vessel. When north of Kuriat they altered course to the west. It might be that they were Vichy-French but they were now outside territorial waters and travelling at night so it was decided to attack.

2340 hours - Fired a salvo of four torpedoes at the target, by now seen to be a merchant vessel of about 7000 tons escorted by a torpedo-boat. No hits were obtained. The torpedo-boat boat then swiched on a searchlight so P 44 dived. (5)

5 Aug 1942
HMS P 44 (Lt. T.E. Barlow, RN) ended her 3rd war patrol (also 3rd in the Mediterranean) at Malta. (5)

9 Aug 1942
HMS P 44 (Lt. T.E. Barlow, RN) departed Malta for her 4th war patrol (also 4th in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to patrol south of Lampedusa. Later she was to form part of a line with HMS P 222 (Lt.Cdr. A.J. MacKenzie, RN), HMS P 31 (Lt. J.B.de B. Kershaw, DSO, RN), HMS P 34 (Lt. P.R.H. Harrison, DSC, RN), HMS P 46 (Lt. J.S. Stevens, DSC, RN) and HMS Utmost (Lt. A.W. Langridge, RN). They provided cover during the passage of the Pedestal convoy.

For the daily and attack positions of HMS P 44 during this patrol see the map below.

(5)

18 Aug 1942
HMS P 44 (Lt. T.E. Barlow, RN) torpedoed and sank the Italian transport ship Rosolino Pilo (8326 GRT, built 1942) 50 nautical miles bearing 190 of Pantellaria. The Italian ship was already damaged in a previous attack by British aircraft. Rosolino Pilo had been escorted by the Italian destroyers Maestrale and Gioberti and was en-route from Trapani to Tripoli. She had a civilian crew of fifty, a naval crew of thirty-two Italians and thirty-nine as well as 110 German passengers. There were no casualties as they had evacuated long before P 44 with the exception of Captain Oreste Tomassi and four sailors who had remained on board and left just shortly before the submarine finished her off.

(All times are zone -2)
17 August 1942
In the evening P 44 was ordered to investigate the scene of a successful RAF attack on a merchant vessel in position 295°, Lampion Island, 16 nautical miles.

2050 hours - Set course to comply with the orders. Several new positions were signalled later on.

2234 hours - Sighted a flare. Closed the scene as it had been signalled that the RA would drop flares over the damaged ship.

2239 hours - A second flare was fired. Sighted the target in the light of the flare. More flares were dropped at 2246, 2250, 2303 and 2307 hours.

2307 hours - The merchant vessel could now clearly be seen in the light of the last flare. Range was 6 nautical miles. Closed. No escort was seen and the merchant, of 7000 to 8000 tons, was stopped and down by the stern. She was in position 302°, Lampion Island, 29 nautical miles.

18 August 1942
0009 hours - Fired one torpedo from 1500 yards. The result was gratifying, if unexpected. The explosion of the torpedo was followed instantaneously by another of gigantic proportions as the whole merchant ship exploded. As the commanding officer left the bridge a violent hot blast reached P 44 and debris was already clattering on the casing and before it was possible to dive, a report of the motor room was received of water coming in fast. P 44 therefore remained on the surface as no escort seemed to be present and when the hailstorm of debris had descended, it was found that the bridge was partially wrecked by a 12 foot length of one-inch frame embedded in the starboard side. Jumping wire had parted and loop and main aerials broken. In addition, upper steering was wrecked. There was no sign of the merchant ship.

The pressure hull aft was examined and a 6" gash was found which was then caulked with wood and cotton waste.

A signal was then sent to Malta reporting the situation.

1309 hours - Received orders to return to Malta. Set course accordingly. (5)

19 Aug 1942
HMS P 44 (Lt. T.E. Barlow, RN) ended her 4th war patrol (also 4th in the Mediterranean) at Malta. (5)

6 Sep 1942
HMS P 44 (Lt. T.E. Barlow, RN) departed Malta for her 5th war patrol (also 5th in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to patrol off Misurata.

For the daily and attack positions of HMS P 44 during this patrol see the map below.

(5)

13 Sep 1942
HMS P 44 (Lt. T.E. Barlow, RN) attacked the Italian merchant vessel Ascianghi (610 GRT, built 1922) with two and later one torpedo. All torpedoes missed despite the claim for one hit. Ascianghi was unescorted and on a trip from Tripoli to Benghazi which she reached on the 15th.

(All times are zone -2)
0925 hours - Sighted smoke bearing 270°. Went to the southward at speed for 60 minutes to intercept.

1030 hours - Mast and funnel were now distinguishable. Range could however not be estimated due to the mirage.

1112 hours - In position 32°24'N, 15°26'E fired two torpedoes from 700 yards. One hit as obtained. The ship stopped. P 44 retired into deeper water. The ship was abandoned and had started to list.

1132 hours - Decided to return to finish her off. Shortly afterwards she got underway again and made off towards the shore.

1204 hours - P 44 had followed her and fired another torpedo from 2500 yards which missed. Decided to return after dark to finish her off with gunfire as it seemed likely she was going to beach herself.

The enemy was however not seen again. (5)

17 Sep 1942
HMS P 44 (Lt. T.E. Barlow, RN) sank the Italian salvage vessel Rostro (333 GRT, built 1917) and the Italian auxiliary A/S schooner V 39/Giovanna (158 GRT) west of Zliten, Libya.

(All times are zone -2)
0925 hours - Sighted masts of a sailing vessel bearing 252°.

0943 hours - Sighted masts of a steamer astern of the sailing vessel. The sailing vessel was by now seen to be a two-masted vessel proceeding under her own power. Started attack.

1031 hours - In position 32°40'N, 14°40'E fired two torpedoes from 1000 yards at the merchant vessel. One explosion was heard and HE of the target ceased. It started again 10 minutes later.

1050 hours - Observed the merchant vessel to be down by the stern heading for the shore. Shortly afterwards both vessels were seen to anchor near the shore. Decided to return after dusk to destroy them with gunfire.

1955 hours - Surfaced 2 nautical miles from the shore and ran in towards the enemy while firing with the gun. They were very difficult to make out against the land and this made the gun action very difficult. After a while decided to fire one torpedo against each ship.

2036 and 2037 hours - Fired a torpedo at each ship from 900 and 800 yards. Both ships were hit and sank at once in position 32°35'N, 14°24'E. (5)

19 Sep 1942
HMS P 44 (Lt. T.E. Barlow, RN) ended her 5th war patrol (also 5th in the Mediterranean) at Malta. (5)

28 Sep 1942
HMS P 44 (Lt. T.E. Barlow, RN) departed Malta for her 6th war patrol (also 6th in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to patrol off the south Calabrian coast.

For the daily and attack positions of HMS P 44 during this patrol see the map below.

(5)

30 Sep 1942
HMS P 44 (Lt. T.E. Barlow, RN) attacked an escorted merchant vessel near Cape Spartivento, Calabria, Italy. A total of four torpedoes were fired but no hits were obtained. This was the German Ruhr (5954 GRT, built 1925) which was narrowly missed. She was escorted by the destroyers Antonio da Noli and Freccia and they were on a trip from Messina to Patras.

(All times are zone -2)
0850 hours - Sighted a 4000 ton merchant vessel escorted by two destroyers (one Navigatori-class ahead and one Maestrale-class on the starboard side). They were on an easterly course, hugging the coast. Range was 5 nautical miles. Started attack.

0920 hours - In position 37°52'N, 15°58'E fired three torpedoes from 3000 yards. No hits were obtained.

0945 hours - Fired one torpedo. This one also missed. (5)

1 Oct 1942
HMS P 44 (Lt. T.E. Barlow, RN) torpedoed and (further) damaged the Italian merchant Ravenna (1148 GRT, built 1888) near Locri, Calabria, Italy. The Ravenna was beahed after air attack and a fire on 29 September 1942.

(All times are zone -2)
0700 hours - Sighted a merchant vessel aground in the position stated in yesterdays signal from Capt. S.10. A MAS boat was patrolling to seaward and a schooner was alongside. Also two aircraft were patrolling overhead. Tried to obtain a suitable firing position for nearly 2 hours.

0855 hours - In position 38°15'N, 16°17'E fired one torpedo from 2000 yards. Heard it hit.

0858 hours - Fired another torpedo at a second vessel that had meanwhile been sighted half a mile to the south. This vessel was believed to be a tug or salvage vessel. This torpedo missed.

0940 hours - The merchant vessel was seen to be deeper in the water with the tug standing by. The schooner that had been sunk could no longer be seen. (5)

2 Oct 1942
HMS P 44 (Lt. T.E. Barlow, RN) attacked the Italian water tanker Oristano (280 GRT, built 1914) with gunfire off Cape Colonne. The action was broken off when shore batteries (197th Battery, 76cm guns) opened up an accurate gunfire and the auxiliary submarine chaser Maria arrived on the scene.

(All times are zone -2)
1800 hours - When 2 nautical miles east of Cape Colonne sighted a small steamer of less then 500 tons rounding the cape from the south. Chased her inshore to engage with the gun.

1823 hours - To pursue her any further would bring P 44 too close to Crotone so surfaced at 2500 yards range and opened fire. After only 3 minutes, shore batteries opened an accurate fire. P 44 had fired 11 rounds and was just fining the range when the action had broken off. P 44 then retired to seaward. (5)

6 Oct 1942
HMS P 44 (Lt. T.E. Barlow, RN) ended her 6th war patrol (also 6th in the Mediterranean) at Malta. (5)

13 Oct 1942
HMS P 44 (Lt. T.E. Barlow, RN) departed Malta for her 7th war patrol (also 7th in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to patrol to the east of Misurata.

For the daily and attack positions of HMS P 44 during this patrol see the map below.

(5)

17 Oct 1942
In the evening HMS P 44 (Lt. T.E. Barlow, RN) received orders to proceed to a position about 110 nautical miles to the north of Tripoli, Libya (33°41'N, 13°03'E) to intercept an important southbound enemy convoy. (5)

20 Oct 1942
HMS P 44 (Lt. T.E. Barlow, RN) attacked an escorted ship about 80 nautical miles north-north-west of Tripoli, Libya. Three torpedoes were fired but no hits were obtained. This was the Italian tanker Saturno (5029 GRT, built 1914) escorted by the destroyers Antonio Da Noli and Antonio Pigafetta. Da Noli sighted the torpedo tracks and the submerging submarine and dropped a few depth charges. She cruised the area for four hours and believed the submarine to have been damaged.

(All times are zone -1)
0128 hours - Sighted a ship at a range of 2.5 nautical miles. Two destroyers were also seen to be in the area. It was decided to attack at once on the surface.

0131 hours - In position 34°03'N, 12°35'E fired three torpedoes.

0132 hours - Dived. Two explosions were heard 3m 15s and 3m 25s after firing the first torpedo. These are thought to be hits but the results were not observed.

Following the attack both destroyers were heard searching but never gained contact. A few depth charges were dropped but these were not close at all. (5)

22 Oct 1942
HMS P 44 (Lt. T.E. Barlow, RN) ended her 7th war patrol (also 7th in the Mediterranean) at Malta. (5)

23 Oct 1942
HMS P 44 (Lt. T.E. Barlow, RN) was docked at Malta. (6)

30 Oct 1942
HMS P 44 (Lt. T.E. Barlow, RN) was undocked. (6)

2 Nov 1942
HMS P 44 (Lt. T.E. Barlow, RN) departed Malta for her 8th war patrol (also 8th in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to patrol to the north of Sicily to form part of a line of submarines to provide cover during the Allied landings in North Africa (Operation Torch).

No log is available for this patrol so no map can be displayed. (5)

8 Nov 1942
HMS P 44 (Lt. T.E. Barlow, RN) attacks the damaged Italian light cruiser Attilio Regolo with two torpedoes of Capo San Vito, Sicily, Italy in position 38°15'N, 12°47'E. The torpedoes missed their target.

The Attilio Regolo had lost her bow due to an attack earlier that day by HMS P 46 (Lt. J.S. Stevens, DSC, RN). Attilio Regolo had laid a minefield to the east of Cape Bon together with the Italian destroyers Antonio Pigafetta, Antonio da Noli, Nicolo Zeno, Ascari, Mitragliere and Corazziere.

After being torpedoed by P 46 she was taken in tow by the tugs Monfalcone, Maurizio, Liguria and Trieste. A fifth tug, Poliferno joined from Palermo at 1730 hours. They were now escorted by the destroyers Pigafetta, Da Noli and Zeno [Ascari, Mitragliere and Corazziere had left them to return to Messina] reinforced by the Italian torpedo boats Cigno and Giuseppe Cesare Abba. [Torpedo boat Lince arriving from Palermo was in sight but had not yet joined the formation while Abba may have stayed behind on an A/S search] and MAS 544 and MAS 549. Regolo reported the torpedo tracks and the destroyers Zeno and Da Noli were detached to hunt the submarine but made no contact.

(All times are zone -1)
1025 hours - Heard a loud explosion and saw a column of water and an enormous cloud of smoke bearing 110°. Closed to investigate.

1200 hours - Nothing could be seen yet due to a lot of smoke.

1356 hours - Sighted a cruiser bearing 126° at a range of 6 nautical miles. It was thought she was proceeding south. Went deep to close at speed.

1424 hours - Returned to periscope depth. It was seen that the cruiser was not proceeding to the south but on a course of 070°. She was being towed stern first as her bow was badly damaged. P 44 was now in a bad position to attack.

1545 hours - Range had now been closed to 3.5 nautical miles. The cruiser was nearly bows on with a large number of destroyers and torpedo-boats circling round her. Decided to fire two torpedoes as it seemed unlikely to close any further without being detected.

1549 hours - In position 38°15'N, 12°47'E fired two torpedoes.

1556 hours - Heard a torpedo explosion giving a running range of 8200 yards.

1558 hours - Heard another torpedo explosion. It is thought that the first torpedo explosion might have been a hit.

1645 hours - Returned to periscope depth. The cruiser was not seen. (5)

11 Nov 1942
HMS P 44 (Lt. T.E. Barlow, RN) attacked a merchant vessel with two torpedoes off Cape San Vito in position 38°12'N, 12°46'E. Both torpedoes missed. This was the Italian freighter Cerere (1198 GRT, built 1920) which observed the two torpedo tracks.

(All times are zone -1)
1258 hours - Sighted smoke bearing 105°. Soon afterwards sighted that this was coming from a 2000 tons merchant vessel steering a course of 265°. Range was 5 nautical miles. Started attack.

1349 hours - In position 38°12'N, 12°46'E fired two torpedoes from 900 yards. Both missed. (5)

13 Nov 1942
HMS P 44 (Lt. T.E. Barlow, RN) ended her 8th war patrol (also 8th in the Mediterranean) at Malta. (5)

18 Nov 1942
HMS P 44 (Lt. T.E. Barlow, RN) departed Malta for her 9th war patrol (also 9th in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to patrol between Misurata and Burat.

No log is available for this patrol so no map can be displayed. (5)

21 Nov 1942
HMS P 44 (Lt. T.E. Barlow, RN) attacked the Italian submarine Santorre Santarosa with four torpedoes off Buerat. All torpedoes missed.

Later the same day P 44 engaged shipping inside the harbour with the deck gun damaging the Italian sailing vessel Littoria (129 GRT, built 1920).

(All times are zone -1)
0727 hours - In position 31°27'N, 15°45'E sighted up sun, the conning tower of a submarine baring 090°. Enemy course was 265°. Range was 6000 yards. Enemy speed appeared to be very high. Started attack.

0737 hours - Fired four torpedoes from 2000 yards. All missed and most likely the torpedoes ran aground on a sand bank.

-------------------------------------------

0940 hours - Grounded off the harbour entrance. Came up to 10 feet and retired to seaward. No fire came from the shore though despite the fact that P 44 was visible for 5 minutes.

-------------------------------------------

1340 hours - Sighted the enemy submarine leaving the harbour. She could not be intercepted as P 44 was too far to the west. Most likely the approach from the west of this morning of this submarine was due to a bad landfall.

-------------------------------------------

1745 hours - Surfaced and closed the harbour entrance. Three or four small ships were sighted in the harbour in the forenoon. Decided for gun action in the hope of sinking some of these and if possible the pier before the reply would come too hot.

1803 hours - Opened fire on a 150 ton schooner, the largest vessel visible from a range of 1000 yards. Scored ten to twelve hits out of sixteen rounds fired. Then shifted target to the pier and a small steamer alongside it. After firing twelve rounds for six hits some small arms fire opened up from the beach, followed by light and erratic field gun fire. At the same time the gun malfunctioned.

1807 hours - Broke off the action and retired to the seaward. The schooner was seen to be smoke and to be lower in the water. She may have settled on the bottom. (5)

23 Nov 1942
HMS P 44 (Lt. T.E. Barlow, RN) attacked a convoy of small vessels to the north of Misurata. The attack had to be broken off shortly after it started when P 44's gun again jammed and enemy opposition was fierce. The convoy was made up of the German R-boat R 15, the German barges F 545 and F 546 and several other small vessels. R 15 dropped a few depth charges.

(All times are zone -1)
0521 hours - While north of Misurata in position 32°31'N, 15°07'E sighted six ships to the southward. Closed to engage with the gun as they were too small to torpedo.

0544 hours - Opened fire from 800 yards at the rear vessel thought to be a lighter in tow of a tug. At the same moment, the leading vessel come into the moon and was seen to be an E-boat. Both the E-boat and the lighter, now seen to be a self propelled barge, opened a hot fire. At this moment the gun again jammed. P 44 then dived.

0546 hours - After diving 5 depth charges were dropped, all fairly close. It was now thought that the convoy was made up of one E-boat, three self propelled barges and two or three small steamers. The hunt was short and no more depth charges were dropped. (5)

26 Nov 1942
HMS P 44 (Lt. T.E. Barlow, RN) attacked an escorted merchant vessel with two torpedoes about 50 nautical miles north-west of Tripoli, Libya. No hits were obtained. This was most probably the motor vessel Brindisi (1976 GRT, buit 1931) escorted by the torpedo boats Animoso and Giacomo Medici. They had sailed from Tripoli for Sfax and Trapani. At 0230 hours, Brindisi had an accidental fire in No.1 Boiler Room but it was quickly extinguished and does not appear to have been related to P 44’s attack which was unobserved.

(All times are zone -1)
0112 hours - In position 33°24'N, 12°33'E sighted 3 ships bearing 105°. Range was 6 nautical miles.

0125 hours - The targets were identified as a medium seized merchant vessel escorted by two torpedo-boats. Enemy course was estimated to be 315°, range 2.5 nautical miles. Closed at full speed.

0150 hours - Fired two torpedoes from 5000 yards. After 1,5 minutes a faint explosion was heard which was thought to be one of the torpedoes exploding on hitting the bottom in 75 fathoms.

0211 hours - Surfaced and chased the enemy but his speed was to great.

0255 hours - Lost touch. Set course to patrol to the south-east. (5)

30 Nov 1942
HMS P 44 (Lt. T.E. Barlow, RN) ended her 9th war patrol (also 9th in the Mediterranean) at Malta. (5)

11 Dec 1942
HMS P 44 (Lt. J.C.Y. Roxburgh, DSC, RN) departed Malta for her 10th war patrol (also 10th in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to patrol off the Skerki Bank.

For the daily and attack positions of HMS P 44 during this patrol see the map below.

(5)

16 Dec 1942
HMS P 44 (Lt. J.C.Y. Roxburgh, DSC, RN) attacked a convoy made up of the Italian Campania (5247 GRT, built 1918) and the German Rhea (1388 GRT, built 1922). They were escorted by the Italian torpedo boats Groppo and Giuseppe Sirtori. Four torpedoes were fired but no hits were obtained. Rhea observed one torpedo missing her on the starboard side.

(All times are zone -1)
1634 hours - Sighted two merchant vessels escorted by a older type torpedo-boat and an escort what was thought to be a sloop like Eritrea but then smaller. The convoy was northbound and the merchant vessels were of 3500 and 2500 tons and were fairly light. Started attack.

1717 hours - In position 37°46'N, 11°05'E fired four torpedoes from 2000 yards at the two merchant vessels that were overlapping. No hits were obtained. P 44 had gone to 120 feet on firing and had moved off the tracks, keeping stern on to the nearest escort vessel. 5 minutes after firing a hunt started which lasted for about an hour. Only 5 depth charges were dropped but they were not near. (5)

21 Dec 1942
HMS P 44 (Lt. J.C.Y. Roxburgh, DSC, RN) attacked an enemy destroyer or torpedo-boat with two torpedoes about 25 nautical miles north of Marettimo Island. Both torpedoes missed. This was probably the Italian torpedo boat Cigno on A/S search. The attack was not observed.

(All times are zone -1)
0334 hours - In position 38°25'N, 12°04'E sighted an Italian fleet destroyer, thought to be a Maestrale-class. Enemy speed was thought to be 19 knots. Started attack.

0338 hours - Fired the only two available torpedoes from 1500 yards. (P 44 had four torpedoes left, two Mk. II and two Mk. IV. The depth settings of these torpedoes could not be changed while they were in the tubes and as P 44 had received a signal shortly before to attack Italian destroyers the depth setting had to be changed and she was in the middle of doing so). Both torpedoes missed. P 44 had gone to 120 feet on firing. The destroyer turned to port and started a hunt. She was in contact one or twice and hunted P 44 for 4 hours, during which time not a single depth charge was dropped. It was decided she was probably a Partenope-class destroyer bound for Trapani.

0652 hours - No more HE was heard. Returned to periscope depth. Saw the destroyer still hunting about 4 nautical miles astern. (5)

22 Dec 1942
HMS P 44 (Lt. J.C.Y. Roxburgh, DSC, RN) attacked an escorted enemy merchant vessel with two torpedoes about 20 nautical miles north-west of Marettimo Island. No hits were obtained. This was the Italian Etruria (2633 GRT, built 1933) with the German lighters F 478, F 482, F 483 and F 484 and escorted by the torpedo boats Ardito and Angelo Bassini. Two hours later, she was sunk by air attack.

(All times are zone -1)
21 December 1942
2326 hours - Sighted smoke bearing 080°.

2353 hours - Identified one merchant vessel escorted by one destroyer 240°.

2357 hours - Dived in position 38°19'N, 11°49'E. This was about 6 nautical miles ahead of the convoy. After diving the enemy's smoke could still be seen through the periscope.

22 December 1942
0015 hours - The merchant vessel was seen to be a medium-seized one of about 4000 tons. One destroyer was 1500 yards ahead and another destroyer was now seen to be astern. Also four E-boats were part of the screen. Enemy course was 240°, speed 7 knots.

0038 hours - When about to fire the last two remaining torpedoes in position from a range of 2000 yards the destroyer that was ahead of the merchant vessel suddenly turned towards and speeded up. She had detected P 44 on her Asdics. P 44 went deep and prepared to fire by asdics. When the order fire was given this was not heard as the destroyer dropped one depth charge right overhead at the same time. The depth charge exploded very close. The two torpedoes were then fired but 14 seconds too late so they missed. Both destroyers then hunted P 44. They dropped 14 depth charges but these were not close. (5)

24 Dec 1942
HMS P 44 (Lt. J.C.Y. Roxburgh, DSC, RN) ended her 10th war patrol (also 10th in the Mediterranean) at Malta. (5)

4 Jan 1943
HMS P 44 (Lt. J.C.Y. Roxburgh, DSC, RN) departed Malta for her 11th war patrol (also 11th in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to patrol in the Sicilian Channel to the south of the Skerki Bank.

For the daily and attack positions of HMS P 44 during this patrol see the map below.

(5)

6 Jan 1943
HMS P 44 (Lt. J.C.Y. Roxburgh, DSC, RN) is ordered, by signal, to patrol to the north of Marettimo Island. (5)

7 Jan 1943
At 0015 hours, in position 37°57'N, 11°24'E (about 30 nautical miles were of Marettimo Island), HMS P 44 (Lt. J.C.Y. Roxburgh, DSC, RN) sighted two torpedo tracks coming towards. The first torpedo passed was ahead but the second torpedo passed underneath the fore hatch after P 44 had begun to altering away. P 44 then dived and shortly afterwards heard HE of an E-boat approaching. The E-boat was heard to start and stop to listen for half an hour before it disappeared. The identity of this boat has not yet been identified and the attack may be bogus. (5)

11 Jan 1943
HMS P 44 (Lt. J.C.Y. Roxburgh, DSC, RN) was ordered to patrol off the west Calabrian coast and if possible do some train wrecking. Bad weather prevented this order to be carried out. Besides that, few trains were in fact seen on the two days P 44 was off the coast. (5)

17 Jan 1943
HMS P 44 (Lt. J.C.Y. Roxburgh, DSC, RN) torpedoed and sank the Italian destroyer Bombardiere (1654 tons, built 1942) about 20 nautical miles north-west of Isola Marettimo, Sicily, Italy in position 38°04'N 11°49'E. She was escorting the transport Mario Roselli (6835 GRT, built 1942) with the destroyer Legionario. Legionario could not stop to pick up the survivors from fear she would become also a victim of the submarine and could only jettison eight life rafts. The corvettes Antelope, Artemide and Gabbiano sailed from Trapani to search for survivors and found only three officers and forty ratings, all wounded. The cold water must have accounted for a large part of the 174 victims.

(All times are zone -1)
1705 hours - Heard fast diesel HE bearing 257°.

1715 hours - Returned to periscope depth. Sighted a modern 7000 ton merchant vessel escorted by two fleet destroyers on a course of 048°. Enemy speed 13 knots. Started attack.

1727 hours - In position 38°04'N, 11°49'E fired four torpedoes at the merchant vessel from 3000 yards. Went deep on firing and went off the tracks.

1729 hours - Heard one torpedo explosion. All HE of the merchant ship ceased and was not heard again.

1733 hours - A counter attack started. 30 Depth charges were dropped in the next 30 minutes. P 44 meanwhile withdrew to the west keeping stern on to the transmitting destroyer.

1807 hour - HE of the destroyers disappeared. More HE was later heard to the southward forcing P 44 to return to the area of the attack.

1948 hours - HE faded out.

2224 hours - Surfaced in position 38°07'N, 11°41'E. Sighted a stopped E-boat about 3/4 mile away to the north-west. Dived immediately. The hatch was open a bare minute.

2240 hours - The E-boat got underway and started transmitting on Asdic.

2309 hours - Two destroyers and a second E-boat now arrived on the scene from the south-west. P 44 was hunted all through the night preventing her from surfacing to charge the battery and fresh air.

It was not until 1826 hours the next day that P 44 was able to surface after being submerged for 36.5 hours. (5)

20 Jan 1943
HMS P 44 (Lt. J.C.Y. Roxburgh, DSC, RN) ended her 11th war patrol (also 11th in the Mediterranean) at Malta. (5)

1 Feb 1943
HMS P 44 (Lt. J.C.Y. Roxburgh, DSC, RN) departed Malta for her 12th war patrol (also 12th in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to patrol off the east coast of Tunisia between 35'N and 36'N.

For the daily positions of HMS P 44 during this patrol see the map below.

(5)

8 Feb 1943
While off Sousse, Tunisia, HMS P 44 (Lt. J.C.Y. Roxburgh, DSC, RN) was taken under fire while at periscope depth by a shore battery. The periscope must have been sighted. The gunfire was very accurate and caused some minor defects to her Asdic training gear and log. (5)

12 Feb 1943
At 0924 in 38°58’ N, 10°40’ E, HMS P 44 (Lt. J.C.Y. Roxburgh, DSC, RN) sighted in poor visibility a 1500 ton merchant vessel escorted by a Partenope class torpedo boat. An attack was attempted but was thwarted by the enemy making an alteration of course which brought it in near collision with the submarine. This was the German Skotfoss (1465 GRT, ex Norwegian built 1917) escorted by the torpedo boat Pallade. They had been in company with the German Jaedjoer but the latter had lost contact with them and was sunk by P 43 the previous evening.

15 Feb 1943
HMS United (Lt. J.C.Y. Roxburgh, DSC, RN) ended her 12th war patrol (also 12th in the Mediterranean) at Malta. (5)

27 Feb 1943
HMS United (Lt. J.C.Y. Roxburgh, DSC, RN) departed Malta for her 13th war patrol (also 13th in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to perform a special operation.

A party of four officers and one army private from COPP III was embarked. They were to conduct beach reconnaissance for Operation Husky, the upcoming invasion of Sicily.

For the daily positions of HMS United during this patrol see the map below.

(5)

28 Feb 1943
During the evening HMS United (Lt. J.C.Y. Roxburgh, DSC, RN) landed a folbot with two of COPP III's party (Lt. P.R.G. Smith of the Royal Engineers and Lt. D. Brand, RNVR) off Gela, Sicily for an inspection of the beach. They successfully did so and returned later the same evening. (5)

1 Mar 1943
During the evening HMS United (Lt. J.C.Y. Roxburgh, DSC, RN) landed a folbot with two of COPP III's party off Gela (again Smith and Brand), Sicily for an inspection of the beach. They failed to return early the next morning.

In fact, they had made it back to Malta when they could not find the submarine. (5)

2 Mar 1943
In the evening, HMS United (Lt. J.C.Y. Roxburgh, DSC, RN), received a signal from Capt. S.10 that the folbot had safely returned to Malta. (5)

8 Mar 1943
During the evening HMS United (Lt. J.C.Y. Roxburgh, DSC, RN) landed a folbot with two of COPP III's party (Lieutenant Hart and Sub Lieutenant Folder) off Cava d'Aliga, Sicily for an inspection of the beach. (5)

9 Mar 1943
At 0204 hours, while waiting for the return of the folbot party, HMS United (Lt. J.C.Y. Roxburgh, DSC, RN) missed an opportunity to sink the Italian submarine Filippo Corridoni transferring from Augusta to Trapani. The enemy submarine passed only 500 yards ahead but United had orders not to attack the enemy while recovering the COPP party. Unfortunately, the folbot failed to return.

10 Mar 1943
HMS United (Lt. J.C.Y. Roxburgh, DSC, RN) ended her 13th war patrol (also 13th in the Mediterranean) at Malta. (5)

21 Mar 1943
HMS United (Lt. J.C.Y. Roxburgh, DSC, RN) departed Malta for her 14th war patrol (also 14th in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to patrol to the north of Sicily.

For the daily positions of HMS United during this patrol see the map below.

(5)

31 Mar 1943
At 0345 hours in 37°54' N, 11°42' E, HMS United (Lt. J.C.Y. Roxburgh, DSC, RN) sighted a convoy of three merchant ships and two destroyers but was thwarted in her attack when a destroyer turned toward her and she was forced under. These were most likely Belluno (4279 GRT, built 1935, ex French Fort de France) and Pierre Claude (1794 GRT, built 1934, ex French) escorted by the torpedo boats Fortunale, Antares, Enrico Cosenz and Sagittario on passage from Trapani to Tunis.

2 Apr 1943
HMS United (Lt. J.C.Y. Roxburgh, DSC, RN) ended her 14th war patrol (also 14th in the Mediterranean) at Malta. (5)

15 Apr 1943
HMS United (Lt. J.C.Y. Roxburgh, DSC, RN) departed Malta for her 15th war patrol (also 15th in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to patrol off the south coast of Italy.

Before proceeding on patrol A/S exercises were carried out with HMS Pakenham (Cdr. Basil Jones, DSC, RN) and HMS Paladin (Lt.Cdr. L.St.G. Rich, RN).

No log is available for this period so map for this patrol can be displayed. (5)

22 Apr 1943
At 0815 hours in position 38°00’N, 16°13’E, HMS United (Lt. J.C.Y. Roxburgh, DSC, RN) sighted what was at first believed to be a convoy but was then seen to be two Climene class and one Generale class torpedo boats moving slowly to the northeast. The submarine believed they were carrying an A/S sweep and desisted from attack. These were the torpedo boats Tifone and Giuseppe Dezza escorting the damaged torpedo boat Aretusa being towed by the tug Tifeo from Messina to Taranto.

27 Apr 1943
HMS United (Lt. J.C.Y. Roxburgh, DSC, RN) ended her 15th war patrol (also 15th in the Mediterranean) at Malta. (5)

9 May 1943
HMS United (Lt. J.C.Y. Roxburgh, DSC, RN) departed Malta for her 16th war patrol (also 16th in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to perform a special operation. A party of 10 SAS troops was to be landed on Pantelleria. After they had completed their objective they were to be taken off again (Operation Snapdragon).

No log is available for this period so map for this patrol can be displayed. (7)

13 May 1943
HMS United (Lt. J.C.Y. Roxburgh, DSC, RN) ended her 16th war patrol (also 16th in the Mediterranean) at Malta. Bad weather had prevented from landing the SAS troops on Pantelleria. (7)

14 May 1943
HMS United (Lt. J.C.Y. Roxburgh, DSC, RN) departed Malta for her 17th war patrol (also 17th in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to patrol to the north of Sicily.

No log is available for this period so map for this patrol can be displayed. (5)

19 May 1943
HMS United (Lt. J.C.Y. Roxburgh, DSC, RN) attacked an Italian tug with two torpedoes off Raisi Point, Sicily. Both torpedoes missed. This was probably the tug Tifeo proceeding from Trapani to Palermo.

(All times are zone -2)
1620 hours - Sighted a tug towing a lighter bearing 226°. Started attack. The tug was a modern looking vessel of about 350 tons. Enemy course was 077°, speed 7 knots.

1639 hours - In position 38°13'N, 13°05'E fired two torpedoes from 2000 yards. Both torpedoes missed. (5)

26 May 1943
HMS United (Lt. J.C.Y. Roxburgh, DSC, RN) ended her 17th war patrol (also 17th in the Mediterranean) at Malta. (5)

9 Jun 1943
HMS United (Lt. J.C.Y. Roxburgh, DSC, RN) departed Malta for her 18th war patrol (also 18th in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to patrol off Cape Spartivento.

No log is available for this period so map for this patrol can be displayed. (5)

14 Jun 1943
HMS United (Lt. J.C.Y. Roxburgh, DSC, RN) torpedoed and sank the German Ringulv (5155 GRT, built 1902, former French Sainte Marthe, former Norwegian Ringulv, offsite link) one nautical mile south of Capo del Armi in position 37°54'N, 15°42'E. She was escorted by the torpedo boat Giuseppe Cesare Abba who dropped twelve depth charges on the submarine and picked forty survivors, another seven reached the coast in a lifeboat and twenty-five were killed or missing.

(All times are zone -2)
1145 hours - Sighted a merchant vessel of about 5000 tons escorted by a torpedo boat [this was Giuseppe Cesare Abba] and with two aircraft overhead. Started attack.

1236 hours - Fired four torpedoes from 900 yards. 2 hits were obtained and the merchant sank within 5 minutes. After firing the torpedoes Lt. Roxburgh took United down to 120 feet.

From 1242 hours to 1318 hours United was counter attacked by the escorting torpedo boat. In all 20 depth charges were dropped. Close enough to break some 20 lights aboard United.

1416 hours - Returned to periscope depth. Nothing was in sight except for an aircraft that was circling at the place of the attack. United retreated to the south-west. (5)

16 Jun 1943
At 0752 hours (zone -2), HMS United (Lt. J.C.Y. Roxburgh, DSC, RN) sighted a German U-boat in position 37.52'N, 15.44'E. the U-boat was going very fast and a good attack position could not be obtained. Torpedoes were therefore not fired. Shortly afterwards the U-boat made rendezvous with a small Italian patrol vessel and proceeded north to pass through the Straits of Messina. The U-boat in question was U-593 en-route to her patrol area of the North-African coast. She had departed Pola in the Adriatic on the 13th but a defect had forced her to proceed to Messina for repairs. (5)

20 Jun 1943
HMS United (Lt. J.C.Y. Roxburgh, DSC, RN) torpedoed and sank the Italian armed merchant cruiser D 7 / Olbia (3514 GRT, built 1929) about 20 nautical miles south of Cape Spartivento, Italy in position 37°40'N, 16°02'E. She was on a trip from Naples to Brindisi and was hit by two torpedoes. The corvette Gabbiano was sailed to recover survivors.

(All times are zone -2)
1442 hours - Sighted an unescorted merchant vessel. Started attack.

1513 hours - In position 37°40'N, 16°02'E fired four torpedoes from 900 yards. Three hits were claimed. (5)

22 Jun 1943
HMS United (Lt. J.C.Y. Roxburgh, DSC, RN) ended her 18th war patrol (also 18th in the Mediterranean) at Malta. (5)

7 Jul 1943
HMS United (Lt. J.C.Y. Roxburgh, DSC, RN) departed Malta for her 19th war patrol (also 19th in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to patrol off the Gulf of Taranto.

No log is available for this period so map for this patrol can be displayed. (5)

15 Jul 1943
The Italian (transport) submarine Remo (1332 tons, built 1943, offsite link) was torpedoed and sunk in the Gulf of Taranto in position 39°19'N, 17°30'E by the British submarine HMS United (Lt. J.C.Y. Roxburgh, DSC, RN). She was on a trip from Taranto to Naples and this was her first operational sortie. Fitfty-five were killed, her commanding officer, T.V. Salvatore Vassalo, the navigating officer and two ratings were rescued by HMS United.

(All times are zone -2)
1809 hours - Sighted a very small object about 4 nautical miles away.

1814 hours - The object was identified as a submarine. Started attack.

1825 hours - The submarine was identified as being Italian.

1831 hours - Fired four torpedoes from 500 yards. Two hits were obtained. Shortly after the second torpedo hit the stern of the submarine rose out of the water at a 60-degree angle and she sank in four seconds.

1836 hours - Four survivors were seen swimming in the water. At 1849 hours United surfaced and picked them up. The survivors turned out to be the Commanding Officer, a midshipman (who was the Navigating Officer) and two seamen. (5)

16 Jul 1943
At 2217 hours in position 39°19’N, 17°40’E, HMS United (Lt. J.C.Y. Roxburgh, DSC, RN) sighted a submarine making a lot of smoke. As it was inside the area supposedly occupied by HMS Trooper or HMS Tactician, the submarine refrained from attack. In fact, this was the Italian Beilul proceeding from Leros to Taranto. Her diesels were making excessive smoke and upon spotting the British submarine, T.V. Pasquale Beltrame prudently ordered to switch to electric motors. He was uncertain if it was friend of foe and decided to move away. (5)

17 Jul 1943
At 0705 hours in position 39°28’N, 17°24’E, HMS United (Lt. J.C.Y. Roxburgh, DSC, RN) sighted a light cruiser of the Regolo-class, on course 355° at 30-32 knots. It passed at about 8,000 yards from the submarine, too far for any attack. This was Scipione Africano on her way to Taranto after running the gauntlet of the Straits of Messina. (5)

24 Jul 1943
HMS United (Lt. J.C.Y. Roxburgh, DSC, RN) ended her 19th war patrol (also 19th in the Mediterranean) at Malta. (5)

15 Aug 1943
HMS United (Lt. J.C.Y. Roxburgh, DSC, RN) departed Malta for her 20th war patrol (also 20th in the Mediterranean). She was ordered to patrol off the Gulf of Taranto.

No log is available for this period so map for this patrol can be displayed. (5)

30 Aug 1943
HMS United (Lt. J.C.Y. Roxburgh, DSC, RN) ended her 20th war patrol (also 20th in the Mediterranean) at Malta. It had been uneventful. (5)

8 Sep 1943
HMS United (Lt. J.C.Y. Roxburgh, DSC, RN) departed Malta for passage to the U.K. where she was to refit. Off Malta she joined convoy KMS 24.

For the daily positions of HMS United during this passage see the map below.

(5)

10 Sep 1943
At 1050 hours, HMS United (Lt. J.C.Y. Roxburgh, DSC, RN) sighted the Italian Battlefleet on her way to surrender at Malta. (5)

13 Sep 1943
HMS United (Lt. J.C.Y. Roxburgh, DSC, RN) arrived at Gibraltar. (5)

16 Sep 1943
HMS United (Lt. J.C.Y. Roxburgh, DSC, RN) departed Gibraltar for her 21th war patrol. She was ordered to proceed to the U.K. En-route she was to patrol in the Bay of Biscay for a short anti-U-boat patrol. Nothing was sighted.

For the daily positions of HMS United during this patrol see the map below.

(5)

1 Oct 1943
HMS United (Lt. J.C.Y. Roxburgh, DSC, RN) arrived at Plymouth. She was escorted in by HMS Olvina (A/Skr.Lt. J. Howson, RNR). (5)

4 Oct 1943
HMS United (Lt. J.C.Y. Roxburgh, DSC, RN) was taken in hand for refit at the Devonport Dockyard.

24 Feb 1944
After completing her refit at the Devonport Dockyard, HMS United (Lt. N.R. Wood, RN) conducted exercises off Plymouth. (8)

25 Feb 1944
HMS United (Lt. N.R. Wood, RN) conducted exercises off Plymouth. (8)

26 Feb 1944
HMS United (Lt. N.R. Wood, RN) conducted exercises off Plymouth. (8)

27 Feb 1944
HMS United (Lt. N.R. Wood, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Plymouth together with HMS Tartar (Cdr. St. J.R.J. Tyrwhitt, DSC, RN) and HMCS Huron (Lt.Cdr. H.S. Rayner, DSC, RCN). (8)

28 Feb 1944
HMS United (Lt. N.R. Wood, RN) conducted exercises off Plymouth. (8)

29 Feb 1944
HMS United (Lt. N.R. Wood, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Plymouth together with HMS Tartar (Cdr. St. J.R.J. Tyrwhitt, DSC, RN), HMCS Haida (Cdr. H.G. De Wolf, RCN) and HMCS Huron (Lt.Cdr. H.S. Rayner, DSC, RCN). (8)

1 Mar 1944
HMS United (Lt. N.R. Wood, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Plymouth together with with ML 159 (T/Lt. B.D. Gerrans, RNVR), ML 183 (T/Lt. A.J. Wright, RNVR) and ML 184 (T/Lt. R.W.A. Winter, RNVR) and later with HMCS Huron (Lt.Cdr. H.S. Rayner, DSC, RCN) and HMCS Athabascan (Lt.Cdr. J.H. Stubbs, RCN). (9)

3 Mar 1944
HMS United (Lt. N.R. Wood, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Plymouth with ML 159 (T/Lt. B.D. Gerrans, RNVR), ML 183 (T/Lt. A.J. Wright, RNVR) and ML 184 (T/Lt. R.W.A. Winter, RNVR) and later with HMS Melbreak (Lt. G.E.C.G. Baines, RN) and HMCS Huron (Lt.Cdr. H.S. Rayner, DSC, RCN). (9)

4 Mar 1944
HMS United (Lt. N.R. Wood, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Plymouth with ML 159 (T/Lt. B.D. Gerrans, RNVR), ML 183 (T/Lt. A.J. Wright, RNVR) and ML 184 (T/Lt. R.W.A. Winter, RNVR), HMS Melbreak (Lt. G.E.C.G. Baines, RN), HMIS Godavari (A/Capt. J.W. Jefford, OBE, RIN), HMS Neave (T/Lt. T. Ross, RNVR) and HMS Skomer (A/Skr.Lt. D.E.S. Mair, DSO, RNR). (9)

8 Mar 1944
HMS United (Lt. N.R. Wood, RN) departed Plymouth for Rothesay. She made the passage together with HMS Unison (T/Lt. P.C.S. Pritchard, RNR). They were escorted HMS Herschell (T/Lt. J.E. Freestone, RNR) and HMS Daffodil (Cdr.(retired) S.F. Russell, RN). (9)

10 Mar 1944
HMS United (Lt. N.R. Wood, RN) arrived at Rothesay. HMS United was now assigned to training duties and operated mostly from Stornoway and Tobermory. (9)

13 Mar 1944
HMS United (Lt. N.R. Wood, RN) departed Rothesay for Stornoway. She made the passage together with HMS H 43 (Lt. M.D. Hutley, RNR). They were escorted by HMS Blade (T/A/Lt.Cdr. S.T. Wenlock, RNR). At 0810/14, near Tobermory Blade and H 43 left and United joined her new escort, HMS Persian (Lt.Cdr. A. Ecclestone, RN) for onward passage to Stornoway where they arrived at 2358/14. (9)

16 Mar 1944
HMS United (Lt. N.R. Wood, RN) shifted from Stronoway to Tobermory and back. She was escorted by HMS Grenadier (A/Skr.Lt. A.G. Day, RNR). (9)

18 Mar 1944
HMS United (Lt. N.R. Wood, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Stornoway together with HMS Persian (Lt.Cdr. A. Ecclestone, RN). (9)

20 Mar 1944
HMS United (Lt. N.R. Wood, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Stornoway together with HMS Persian (Lt.Cdr. A. Ecclestone, RN). (9)

22 Mar 1944
HMS United (Lt. N.R. Wood, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Stornoway together with HMS Grenadier (A/Skr.Lt. A.G. Day, RNR). (9)

23 Mar 1944
HMS United (Lt. N.R. Wood, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Stornoway together with HMS Lancer (A/Skr.Lt. J.A. Cornelius, RNR) and HMS Grenadier (A/Skr.Lt. A.G. Day, RNR). (9)

24 Mar 1944
HMS United (Lt. N.R. Wood, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Stornoway together with HMS Lancer (A/Skr.Lt. J.A. Cornelius, RNR) and HMS Grenadier (A/Skr.Lt. A.G. Day, RNR). (9)

26 Mar 1944
HMS United (Lt. N.R. Wood, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Stornoway together with HMCS Hespeler (T/Lt.Cdr. N.S.C. Dickinson, RCNVR). (9)

27 Mar 1944
HMS United (Lt. N.R. Wood, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Stornoway together with HMCS Hespeler (T/Lt.Cdr. N.S.C. Dickinson, RCNVR) and HMS Lancer (A/Skr.Lt. J.A. Cornelius, RNR). (9)

28 Mar 1944
HMS United (Lt. N.R. Wood, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Stornoway together with HMCS Hespeler (T/Lt.Cdr. N.S.C. Dickinson, RCNVR) and HMS Lancer (A/Skr.Lt. J.A. Cornelius, RNR). (9)

29 Mar 1944
HMS United (Lt. N.R. Wood, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Stornoway together with HMS Rifleman (Lt. C.L. Carroll, DSC, RNR), HMS Man o' War (T/Lt. P.W. Arnold, RNVR) and HMS Southern Shore (Skr. S. Hearne, RNR).

Later the same day she departed Stornoway for Tobermory. (9)

30 Mar 1944
HMS United (Lt. N.R. Wood, RN) arrived at Tobermory. (9)

3 Apr 1944
HMS United (Lt. N.R. Wood, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Tobermory together with HMS Whiteaker (Lt. G.P.W. Edwards, RN) and HMS Rupert (Lt. P.C.S. Black, RN). (10)

4 Apr 1944
HMS United (Lt. N.R. Wood, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Tobermory together with HMS Rowley (Lt.Cdr. F.J.G. Jones, RD, RNR) and HMS Retalick (Lt. J.S. Brownrigg, RN). (10)

5 Apr 1944
HMS United (Lt. N.R. Wood, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Tobermory together with HMS Spragge (Lt.Cdr. G.S. Grant, RD, RNR) and HMS Stockham (T/A/Lt.Cdr. B.C. Hamilton, RNR). (10)

6 Apr 1944
HMS United (Lt. N.R. Wood, RN) shifted from Tobermory to Oban where she was to fuel. She was escorted by HMS LCT 21. (10)

8 Apr 1944
HMS United (Lt. N.R. Wood, RN) shifted from Oban to Tobermory. She was escorted by HMS ML 453 (T/Lt. L.V. Horne, RNVR). (10)

9 Apr 1944
HMS United (Lt. N.R. Wood, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Tobermory together with HMS Spragge (Lt.Cdr. G.S. Grant, RD, RNR), HMS Duff (T/A/Lt.Cdr. F. Brock, RCNVR), HMS Waldegrave (Lt. T. Hay, RN) and HMS Narbrough (Lt.Cdr. W.R. Muttram, DSC, RN). (10)

10 Apr 1944
HMS United (Lt. N.R. Wood, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Tobermory together with HMS Waldegrave (Lt. T. Hay, RN) and HMS Narbrough (Lt.Cdr. W.R. Muttram, DSC, RN). (10)

11 Apr 1944
HMS United (Lt. N.R. Wood, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Tobermory together with HMS Havelock (Lt.Cdr. R. Hart, DSC and Bar, RN), HMS Tyler (Lt. C.H. Ranking, RN), HMS Dumbarton Castle (T/A/Lt.Cdr. P.F. Broadhead, RNR) and HMS Berkeley Castle (T/Lt. F.A. Darrah, RNVR). (10)

15 Apr 1944
HMS United (Lt. N.R. Wood, RN) conducted several practice attacks off Tobermory on HMS Lady Sharazad. (10)

16 Apr 1944
HMS United (Lt. N.R. Wood, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Tobermory together with HMS Monnow (Cdr. E.G. Skinner, DSC, RD, RCNR), HMS Havelock (Lt.Cdr. R. Hart, DSC and Bar, RN), La Surprise. (10)

19 Apr 1944
HMS United (Lt. N.R. Wood, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Tobermory together with HMS Lapwing (Cdr. (retired) E.C. Hulton, RN), HMS Monnow (Cdr. E.G. Skinner, DSC, RD, RCNR) and HMS Knaresborough Castle (Lt. J.R. Freeman, RNR). (10)

20 Apr 1944
HMS United (Lt. N.R. Wood, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Tobermory together with HMS Knaresborough Castle (Lt. J.R. Freeman, RNR), HMS Monnow (Cdr. E.G. Skinner, DSC, RD, RCNR), HMCS Teme (T/Lt.Cdr. D.G. Jeffrey, DSO, RCNR) and HMS Lapwing (Cdr. (retired) E.C. Hulton, RN). (10)

21 Apr 1944
HMS United (Lt. N.R. Wood, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Tobermory together with HMCS Teme (T/Lt.Cdr. D.G. Jeffrey, DSO, RCNR), HMS Jed (Lt.Cdr. R.S. Miller, DSC, RNR), HMS Highlander (Cdr. D.A. Rayner, DSC, RNVR) and La Surprise. (10)

22 Apr 1944
HMS United (Lt. N.R. Wood, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Tobermory together with HMS Highlander (Cdr. D.A. Rayner, DSC, RNVR), La Surprise, HMS Loch Fada (Lt.Cdr. B.A. Rogers, RD, RNR) and HMS Jed (Lt.Cdr. R.S. Miller, DSC, RNR). (10)

27 Apr 1944
HMS United (Lt. N.R. Wood, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Tobermory together with HMS Jed (Lt.Cdr. R.S. Miller, DSC, RNR), La Surprise, HMCS Teme (T/Lt.Cdr. D.G. Jeffrey, DSO, RCNR) and HMS Loch Fada (Lt.Cdr. B.A. Rogers, RD, RNR). (10)

28 Apr 1944
HMS United (Lt. N.R. Wood, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Tobermory together with HMS Loch Fada (Lt.Cdr. B.A. Rogers, RD, RNR), HMCS Teme (T/Lt.Cdr. D.G. Jeffrey, DSO, RCNR), HMS Jed (Lt.Cdr. R.S. Miller, DSC, RNR) and HMS Tintagel Castle (Lt. R. Atkinson, DSC and Bar, RNR). (10)

29 Apr 1944
HMS United (Lt. N.R. Wood, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Tobermory together with HMS Tintagel Castle (Lt. R. Atkinson, DSC and Bar, RNR), HMS Loch Fada (Lt.Cdr. B.A. Rogers, RD, RNR) and HMCS Teme (T/Lt.Cdr. D.G. Jeffrey, DSO, RCNR). (10)

3 May 1944
HMS United (Lt. N.R. Wood, RN) departed Tobermory for Rothesay. She made the passage together with HMS H 43 (Lt. F.R. Lawrence, RN). During the passage to Oban they were escorted by HMS Clorinde (T/Lt. M.L. Patterson, RNVR). Off Oban escort was taken over by HMS Kihna (A/Cdr. (retired) A.R.W. Sayle, RD, RNR). Also HMS Una (Lt. C.A.J. Nicholl, RN) joined for the passage to Rothesay. (11)

4 May 1944
HMS United (Lt. N.R. Wood, RN) arrived at Rothesay. (11)

9 May 1944
HMS United (Lt. N.R. Wood, RN) conducted exercises in the Clyde area together with HMS Safari (Lt.Cdr. (retired) J.R.G. Harvey, RN). (11)

12 May 1944
HMS United (Lt. N.R. Wood, RN) conducted exercises in the Clyde area. (11)

15 May 1944
During 15/16 May 1944, HMS United (Lt. N.R. Wood, RN), conducted exercises in the Clyde area. These included night exercises. (11)

18 May 1944
HMS United (Lt. N.R. Wood, RN) departed Rothesay for Londonderry. She made the passage together with HMS H 34 (Lt. R.L. Jay, RN) and HMS H 44 (Lt. P.N. Joyce, RN). They were escorted by HMS Kihna (A/Cdr. (retired) A.R.W. Sayle, RD, RNR). (11)

19 May 1944
HMS United (Lt. N.R. Wood, RN) arrived at Lough Foyle.

Later the same day A/S exercises were carried out together with HMCS Port Colborne (T/Lt.Cdr. C.J. Angus, RCNR), HMCS Saint John (A/Lt.Cdr. W.R. Stacey, RCNR) and another vessel of the Royal Canadian Navy. (11)

22 May 1944
HMS United (Lt. N.R. Wood, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Lough Foyle together with aircraft and later with HMCS Saint John (A/Lt.Cdr. W.R. Stacey, RCNR). (11)

23 May 1944
HMS United (Lt. N.R. Wood, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Lough Foyle together with HMS Loch Fada (Lt.Cdr. B.A. Rogers, RD, RNR), HMS Lochy (Lt.Cdr. W.J.> Roberts, RNR) and HMS Cam (Lt.Cdr. J.P. Smythe, RD, RNR). (11)

24 May 1944
HMS United (Lt. N.R. Wood, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Lough Foyle together with HMS Loch Fada (Lt.Cdr. B.A. Rogers, RD, RNR), HMS Lochy (Lt.Cdr. W.J.> Roberts, RNR) and HMS Cam (Lt.Cdr. J.P. Smythe, RD, RNR). (11)

25 May 1944
HMS United (Lt. N.R. Wood, RN) departed Lough Foyle (Londonderry) for Rothesay. She was escorted by HMS Kihna (A/Cdr. (retired) A.R.W. Sayle, RD, RNR). (11)

25 May 1944
HMS United (Lt. N.R. Wood, RN) arrived at Rothesay. (11)

29 May 1944
HMS United (Lt. N.R. Wood, RN) departed Rothesay for Fishguard. She made the passage together with HMS Sealion (Lt. P.E. Newstead, DSC, RN). They were escorted by HMS Blade (T/A/Lt.Cdr. S.T. Wenlock, RNR). (11)

30 May 1944
HMS United (Lt. N.R. Wood, RN) arrived at Fishguard. (11)

2 Jun 1944
HMS United (Lt. N.R. Wood, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Fishguard together with aircraft. (12)

3 Jun 1944
HMS United (Lt. N.R. Wood, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Fishguard together with aircraft. (12)

5 Jun 1944
HMS United (Lt. N.R. Wood, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Fishguard together with aircraft. (12)

6 Jun 1944
HMS United (Lt. N.R. Wood, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Fishguard together with aircraft. (12)

9 Jun 1944
During the night of 9/10 June 1944, HMS United (Lt. N.R. Wood, RN), conducted A/S exercises off Fishguard together with aircraft. (12)

11 Jun 1944
HMS United (Lt. N.R. Wood, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Fishguard together with aircraft. (12)

12 Jun 1944
HMS United (Lt. N.R. Wood, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Fishguard together with aircraft. (12)

13 Jun 1944
HMS United (Lt. N.R. Wood, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Fishguard together with aircraft. (12)

14 Jun 1944
HMS United (Lt. N.R. Wood, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Fishguard together with aircraft. (12)

16 Jun 1944
During the night of 16/17 June 1944, HMS United (Lt. N.R. Wood, RN), conducted A/S exercises off Fishguard together with aircraft. (12)

18 Jun 1944
During the night of 18/19 June 1944, HMS United (Lt. N.R. Wood, RN), conducted A/S exercises off Fishguard together with aircraft. (12)

21 Jun 1944
HMS United (Lt. N.R. Wood, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Fishguard together with aircraft. (12)

25 Jun 1944
During 25-29 June 1944, HMS United (Lt. N.R. Wood, RN), conducted A/S exercises off Fishguard together with aircraft. These included night exercises. (12)

30 Jun 1944
HMS United (Lt. N.R. Wood, RN) conducted A/S exercises off Fishguard together with aircraft. (12)

3 Jul 1944
During 3-6 July 1944, HMS United (Lt. N.R. Wood, RN), conducted A/S exercises off Fishguard together with aircraft. These included night exercises. (13)

7 Jul 1944
During the night of 7/8 July 1944, HMS United (Lt. N.R. Wood, RN), conducted A/S exercises off Fishguard together with aircraft. (13)

9 Jul 1944
During 9-12 July 1944, HMS United (Lt. N.R. Wood, RN), conducted A/S exercises off Fishguard together with aircraft. These included night exercises. (13)

14 Jul 1944
During the night of 14/15 July 1944, HMS United (Lt. N.R. Wood, RN), conducted A/S exercises off Fishguard together with aircraft. (13)

17 Jul 1944
During 17-21 July 1944, HMS United (Lt. N.R. Wood, RN), conducted A/S exercises off Fishguard together with aircraft. These included night exercises. (13)

23 Jul 1944
During the night of 23/24 July 1944, HMS United (Lt. M.D. Hutley, RNR), conducted A/S exercises off Fishguard together with aircraft. (13)

25 Jul 1944
HMS United (Lt. M.D. Hutley, RNR) departed Fishguard for Rothesay. She was escorted by HMS Blade (T/A/Lt.Cdr. S.T. Wenlock, RNR). (13)

26 Jul 1944
HMS United (Lt. M.D. Hutley, RNR) arrived at Rothesay. (13)

31 Jul 1944
HMS United (Lt. M.H. Hutley, RNR) was docked at Rothesay.

As there are no logs available after July 1944 for this submarine the date of undocking is currently not known to us. (13)

14 Aug 1944
HMS United (Lt. M.D. Hutley, RNR), HMS Upright (Lt. J.A.L. Wilkinson, RN) and HMS Vitality (Lt. K.S. Renshaw, DSC, RNR) departed Rothesay under escort of HMS Milford (Lt.Cdr. G.G. Slade, RN).

The next day HMS United and HMS Upright set off for St.Johns, Newfoundland, Canada. They were escorted by HMS Northern Sky (T/Lt. G.O.T.D. Henderson, RNVR). (14)

24 Aug 1944
HMS United (Lt. M.D. Hutley, RNR) arrived at St.Johns. (14)

2 Sep 1944
HMS HMS United (Lt. M.D. Hutley, RNR) and HMS Upright (Lt. J.A.L. Wilkinson, RN) departed St.Johns for Argentia, Newfoundland, Canada. They were escorted by the Canadian minesweeper HMCS Red Deer (T/Lt. D.B.D. Ross, RCNVR). (15)

3 Sep 1944
HMS United (Lt. M.D. Hutley, RNR) and HMS Upright (Lt. J.A.L. Wilkinson, RN) arrived at Argentia. (15)

10 Sep 1944
HMS United (Lt. M.D. Hutley, RNR) and HMS Upright (Lt. J.A.L. Wilkinson, RN) departed Argentia for Halifax. They were escorted by the Canadian minesweeper HMCS Swift Current (T/Lt. K.D. Heath, RCNVR). (15)

12 Sep 1944
HMS United (Lt. M.D. Hutley, RNR) and HMS Upright (Lt. J.A.L. Wilkinson, RN) both arrived at Halifax. (15)

18 Sep 1944
HMS United (Lt. M.D. Hutley, RNR) and HMS Upright (Lt. J.A.L. Wilkinson, RN) departed Halifax for Bermuda. They were escorted by the Canadian corvette HMCS Rosthern (T/Lt. S.R.P. Annet, RCNVR). (15)

22 Sep 1944
HMS United (Lt. M.D. Hutley, RNR) and HMS Upright (Lt. J.A.L. Wilkinson, RN) both arrived at Bermuda where they were to participate in A/S training during the work-up periods of (new) escort vessels. (15)

26 Jun 1945
HMS United (Lt. M.D. Hutley, RNR) departed Bermuda for the Philadelphia Navy Yard. (16)

1 Jul 1945
HMS United (Lt. M.D. Hutley, RNR) arrived at the Philadelphia Navy Yard.

16 Jul 1945
HMS United (Lt. M.D. Hutley, RNR) departed the Philadelphia Navy Yard for New London, Connecticut, USA.

17 Jul 1945
HMS United (Lt. M.D. Hutley, RNR) arrived at New London, Connecticut, USA from the Philadelphia Navy Yard.

30 Jul 1945
HMS United (Lt. M.D. Hutley, RNR) departed New London, Connecticut, USA for Digby, Canada.

1 Aug 1945
HMS United (Lt. M.D. Hutley, RNR) arrived at Digby.

1 Sep 1945
HMS United (Lt. M.D. Hutley, RNR) arrived at Bermuda. (16)

9 Sep 1945
HMS United (Lt. M.D. Hutley, RNR) departed Bermuda for Rothesay. (16)

24 Sep 1945
HMS United (Lt. M.D. Hutley, RNR) arrived at Rothesay. (16)

22 Oct 1945
HMS United (Lt. M.D. Hutley, RNR) was placed in reserve. (16)

Sources

  1. ADM 173/17399
  2. ADM 199/1222
  3. ADM 173/17400
  4. ADM 173/17401
  5. ADM 199/1820
  6. ADM 173/17405
  7. ADM199/1347
  8. ADM 173/19216
  9. ADM 173/19217
  10. ADM 173/19218
  11. ADM 173/19219
  12. ADM 173/19220
  13. ADM 173/19221
  14. ADM 173/19285
  15. ADM 173/19286
  16. ADM 199/2573

ADM numbers indicate documents at the British National Archives at Kew, London.


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