HMS Pelican (L 86 / U 86)
Sloop of the Egret class
|Navy||The Royal Navy|
|Pennant||L 86 / U 86|
|Built by||Thornycroft (Southampton, U.K.)|
|Ordered||19 Mar 1937|
|Laid down||7 Sep 1937|
|Launched||12 Sep 1938|
|Commissioned||2 Mar 1939|
Scrapped 29 November 1958.
Commands listed for HMS Pelican (L 86 / U 86)
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|1||Cdr. Lennox Albert Knox Boswell, RN||20 Jan 1939||Jan 1941|
|2||Cdr. Gerald Vaughan Gladstone, RN||16 Sep 1941||Nov 1942|
|3||Cdr. James Gordon Gould, RN||Nov 1942||2 Apr 1943|
|4||Cdr. Godfrey Noel Brewer, RN||2 Apr 1943||27 Aug 1943|
|5||Cdr. John Stanley Dalison, DSO, RN||8 Sep 1943||May 1944|
|6||Lt. Charles Edward Sheen, DSC, RN||May 1944||Dec 1945|
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Notable events involving Pelican include:
22 Apr 1940
The anti-aircraft sloop HMS Pelican (Cdr. L.A.K. Boswell, D.S.O., RN), while on her way to the Romsdal Fjord carrying the personnel of the Naval Base party for Molde, was crippled by a German Ju-87 (Stuka) dive bomber. She was hit aft, setting off her depth charges. Pelican was towed to Lerwick and then to Chatham for repairs that lasted until early December 1940. (1)
11 Jul 1942
German U-boat U-136 was sunk in the Atlantic west of Madeira, Portugal, in position 33°30'N, 22°52'W by the Free French destroyer L?opard (Lt.Cdr. Richard), the British frigate HMS Spey (Cdr. H.G. Boys-Smith, DSO and Bar, RNR) and the British sloop HMS Pelican (Cdr. G.V. Gladstone, RN).
6 May 1943
German U-boat U-438 was sunk in the North Atlantic north-east of Newfoundland, in approximate position 52°00'N, 45°10'W, by depth charges from the British sloop HMS Pelican (Cdr. G.N. Brewer, RN).
14 Jun 1943
German U-boat U-334 was sunk in the North Atlantic south-west of Iceland, in position 58°16'N, 28°20'W, by depth charges from the British frigate HMS Jed (Lt.Cdr. H.C. Freaker, DSO, RNR) and the British sloop HMS Pelican (Cdr. G.N. Brewer, RN).
23 Aug 1943
On the 23th August 1943 the 40th Escort Group (Cdr. Dallison), consisting of the sloops HMS Landguard, HMS Bideford, HMS Hastings and the frigates HMS Exe, HMS Moyola and HMS Waveney were deployed on a U-boat hunt off Cape Ortegal. The whole operation was covered by the British light cruiser HMS Bermuda.
On the 25th August the Canadian 5th Support Group (Cdr. Tweed), consisting of the British frigates HMS Nene, HMS Tweed and the Canadian corvettes HMCS Calgary, HMCS Edmundston and HMCS Snowberry were deployed to relieve the 40th Escort Group. While this was in progress the ships were attacked at 1415 hrs by 14 Dornier Do-217's and 7 Ju-88's. with the new German weapon, the Henschel Glider Bombs, (the "Hs293 A-1"). Designed by the German Professor Herbert Wagner. HMS Landguard and HMS Bideford were the first of the Allied and R.N. ships to be attacked and damaged by them. This being the first time of their being brought into action against Allied ships. Several sailors were injured on HMS Bideford and one sailor was killed.
Another two days later on the 27th August 1943 the Canadian 5th Support group was relieved by the 1st Support group (Cdr. Brewer) consisting of the sloops HMS Pelican, HMS Egret and the frigates HMS Jed, HMS Rother, HMS Spey and HMS Evenlode. Also the covering cruiser HMS Bermuda was relieved by the Canadian destroyer HMCS Athabaskan and the British destroyer HMS Grenville. These ships were also attacked by the Germans. This time with 18 Dornier Do-217?s also carrying Henschel Glider Bombs. HMCS Athabaskan was heavily damaged and HMS Egret was sunk with the loss of 194 of her crew. After this loss the U-boat hunt was blown off.
14 Apr 1944
German U-boat U-448 in the North Atlantic north-east of the Azores, in position 46°22'N, 19°35'W, by depth charges from the Canadian frigate HMCS Swansea (A/Cdr. C.A. King, DSO, DSC, RCNR) and the British sloop HMS Pelican (Cdr. J.S. Dalison, DSO, RN).
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