HMS Campbeltown (I 42)
Destroyer of the Town class
|Navy||The Royal Navy|
|Built by||Bath Iron Works (Bath, Maine, U.S.A.)|
|Laid down||29 Jun 1918|
|Launched||2 Jan 1919|
|Commissioned||9 Sep 1940|
|Lost||28 Mar 1942|
Upon her arrival at Devonport, England, 29 September 1940, HMS Campbeltown was allocated to the 7th Escort Group, Liverpool, in the Western Approaches Comm and. In January 1941 she was provisionally allocated to the Royal Netherlands Navy, but reverted to the Royal Navy in September 1941. Between September 1941 and March 1942 she served with Atlantic convoys and was attacked on several occasions by enemy U-boats and aircraft, but escaped without damage. On 15 September 1941 she picked up the survivors of the Norwegian motor tanker Vinga, damaged by an enemy air attack.
Destroyed as explosive vessel against the gate of the massive dry dock Normandie at St. Nazaire, France (to deny large German surface ships the use of it for repair). The commander of the destroyer, Lt. Cdr. Stephen Halden Beattie, RN, who was taken prisoner of war, was awarded the Victoria Cross for this raid.
|Former name||USS Buchanan (DD 131)|
Commands listed for HMS Campbeltown (I 42)
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|1||Lt. Isaac William Trant Beloe, RN||9 Sep 1940||Jan 1941|
|2||Lt.Cdr. (emergency) Lord Teynham, RN||29 Oct 1941||13 Mar 1942|
|3||Lt.Cdr. Stephen Halden Beattie, RN||13 Mar 1942||28 Mar 1942|
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Notable events involving Campbeltown include:
29 Nov 1940
HMS Campbeltown rammed and sank the British merchant ship Fiddown (319 GRT) in the Mersey estuary. The Fiddown was later raised.
28 Mar 1942
HMS Campbeltown was used as an explosive vessel against the massive dry-dock / entrance lock dock at St. Nazaire, France (to deny large German surface ships the use of it for repair). (1)
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