HMCS St. Croix (I 81)
Destroyer of the Town class
|Navy||The Royal Canadian Navy|
|Built by||Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corp. (Quincy, Massachusetts, U.S.A.)|
|Laid down||11 Sep 1918|
|Launched||31 Jan 1919|
|Commissioned||24 Sep 1940|
|Lost||20 Sep 1943|
|Loss position||57° 30'N, 31° 10'W|
HMCS St. Croix (A/Lt.Cdr. Andrew Hedley Dobson, DSC, RCNR) was torpedoed and sunk south-west of Iceland in position 57º30'N, 31º10'W by U-305 while escorting convoy ON-202. The ship was one of the first victims of the newly developed acoustic torpedo Gnat. 68 crew members were lost. Of the 5 officers and 76 ratings picked up by the British frigate HMS Itchen (sunk by German U-boat U-666), only one, Leading Stoker William Allen Fisher, survived the sinking of the Itchen a few days later.
Hit by U-boat
|U-boat Attack||See our U-boat attack entry for the HMCS St. Croix|
|Former name||USS McCook (DD 252)|
Commands listed for HMCS St. Croix (I 81)
Please note that we're still working on this section.
|1||Lt Morson Alexander Medland, RCN||24 Sep 1940||10 Oct 1940|
|2||Lt.Cdr. Harry Kingsley, RCN||11 Oct 1940||10 Dec 1941|
|3||T/Lt. Ian Hunter Bell, RCNVR||11 Dec 1941||5 Jan 1942|
|4||A/Lt.Cdr. Andrew Hedley Dobson, RCNR||6 Jan 1942||20 Sep 1943 (+)|
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Notable events involving St. Croix include:
Photograph taken by Charles James Sadler, RCNVR. First Class Stoker, Official number V-4963, serving in the Canadian destroyer HMCS Columbia.
2 Oct 1941
HMCS St. Croix (Cdr. H. Kingsley, RCN) picks up 34 survivors from the Dutch merchant Tuva that was torpedoed and sunk the previous day by German U-boat U-575 in the North Atlantic southwest of Iceland in position 54°16'N, 26°36'W.
24 Jul 1942
German U-boat U-90 was sunk in the Northern Atlantic, in position 48°12'N, 40°56'W by depth charges from the Canadian destroyer HMCS St Croix (A/Lt.Cdr. A.H. Dobson, RCNR).
10 Sep 1942
At 21.10 hours on 10 September 1942 German U-boat U-659 attacked the convoy ON-127 southwest of Iceland and reported hits on two ships. In fact, two torpedoes hit the British tanker Empire Oil at the bow and stern and stopped the tanker. At 01.47 hours the next day, German U-boat U-584 sank the drifting Empire Oil with two coups de gr?ce. The master, 12 crew members and six gunners were picked up by the Canadian destroyer HMCS St Croix (A/Lt.Cdr. A.N. Dobson, RCNR) and landed at St. John's on 15 September. 29 crew members and five gunners were picked up by the Canadian destroyer HMCS Ottawa (A/Lt.Cdr. C.A. Rutherford, RCN) On 14 September, 13 crew members and five gunners were lost when this destroyer was torpedoed and sunk by German U-boat U-91.
4 Mar 1943
German U-boat U-87 was sunk west of Leixoes, in position 41°36'N, 13°31'W, by depth charges from the Canadian corvette HMCS Shediac (Lt. J.E. Clayton, RCNR) and the Canadian destroyer HMCS St. Croix (A/Lt.Cdr. A.H. Dobson, DSC, RCNR).
12 Apr 1943
The Canadian destroyer HMCS St. Croix (A/Lt.Cdr. A.H. Dobson, DSC, RCNR) and the Canadian corvette HMCS Camrose (Lt L.R. Pavillard, RCNVR) together pick up 28 survivors from the Norwegian merchant Ingerfire that was torpedoed and sunk about 400 miles east of Newfoundland, Canada in position 51°29'N, 42°59'W.
12 Apr 1943
The Canadian destroyer HMCS St. Croix (A/Lt.Cdr. A.H. Dobson, DSC, RCNR) and the Canadian corvette HMCS Camrose (Lt L.R. Pavillard, RCNVR) together pick up 28 survivors from the Norwegian merchant Ingerfire that was torpedoed and sunk the previous day about 400 miles east of Newfoundland, Canada in position 51°29'N, 42°59'W.